Law:Title 5. Sanitation And Environmental Quality. Subtitle C. Air Quality from Chapter 391. Texas Clean Fleet Program (Texas)

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Subtitle C. Air Quality

Contents

Chapter 391. Texas Clean Fleet Program

Chapter 391, consisting of Secs. 391.001 to 391.008, was added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232, Sec. 5.

For another Chapter 391, consisting of Secs. 391.001 to 391.304, added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1125, Sec. 9, see Sec. 391.001 et seq., post.

For expiration of this chapter, see Section 391.008.


Section 391.001.  Definitions.

In this chapter:

(1)  "Alternative fuel" means a fuel other than gasoline or diesel fuel, including electricity, compressed natural gas, liquified natural gas, hydrogen, propane, or a mixture of fuels containing at least 85 percent methanol by volume.

(2)  "Commission" means the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.

(3)  "Golf cart" has the meaning assigned by Section 502.001, Transportation Code.

(4)  "Hybrid vehicle" means a vehicle with at least two different energy converters and two different energy storage systems on board the vehicle for the purpose of propelling the vehicle.

(5)  "Incremental cost" has the meaning assigned by Section 386.001.

(6)  "Light-duty motor vehicle" has the meaning assigned by Section 386.151.

(7)  "Motor vehicle" has the meaning assigned by Section 386.151.

(8)  "Neighborhood electric vehicle" means a motor vehicle that:

(A)  is originally manufactured to meet, and does meet, the equipment requirements and safety standards established for "low-speed vehicles" in Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 500 (49 C.F.R. Section 571.500);

(B)  is a slow-moving vehicle, as defined by Section 547.001, Transportation Code, that is able to attain a speed of more than 20 miles per hour but not more than 25 miles per hour in one mile on a paved, level surface;

(C)  is a four-wheeled motor vehicle;

(D)  is powered by electricity or alternative power sources;

(E)  has a gross vehicle weight rating of less than 3,000 pounds; and

(F)  is not a golf cart.

(9)  "Program" means the Texas clean fleet program established under this chapter.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232, Sec. 5, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 391.002.  Program.

(a) The commission shall establish and administer the Texas clean fleet program to encourage a person that has a fleet of diesel-powered vehicles to replace them with alternative fuel or hybrid vehicles.  Under the program, the commission shall provide grants for eligible projects to offset the incremental cost of projects for fleet owners.

(b)  An entity that places 25 or more qualifying vehicles in service for use entirely in this state during a calendar year is eligible to participate in the program.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232, Sec. 5, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 391.003.  Qualifying Vehicles.

(a) A vehicle is a qualifying vehicle that may be considered for a grant under the program if during the calendar year the entity purchases a new on-road vehicle that:

(1)  is certified to current federal emissions standards;

(2)  replaces a diesel-powered on-road vehicle of the same weight classification and use; and

(3)  is a hybrid vehicle or fueled by an alternative fuel.

(b)  A vehicle is not a qualifying vehicle if the vehicle:

(1)  is a neighborhood electric vehicle;

(2)  has been used as a qualifying vehicle to qualify for a grant under this chapter for a previous reporting period or by another entity; or

(3)  has qualified for a similar grant or tax credit in another jurisdiction.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232, Sec. 5, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 391.004.  Application For Grant.

(a) An entity operating in this state that operates a fleet of at least 100 vehicles may apply for and receive a grant under the program.

(b)  The commission may adopt guidelines to allow a regional planning commission, council of governments, or similar regional planning agency created under Chapter 391, Local Government Code, or a private nonprofit organization to apply for and receive a grant to improve the ability of the program to achieve its goals.

(c)  An application for a grant under this chapter must be made on a form provided by the commission and must contain the information required by the commission.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232, Sec. 5, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 391.005.  Eligibility Of Projects For Grants.

(a) The commission by rule shall establish criteria for prioritizing projects eligible to receive grants under this chapter.  The commission shall review and revise the criteria as appropriate.

(b)  To be eligible for a grant under the program, a project must:

(1)  result in a reduction in emissions of nitrogen oxides or other pollutants, as established by the commission, of at least 25 percent, based on:

(A)  the baseline emission level set by the commission under Subsection (g); and

(B)  the certified emission rate of the new vehicle; and

(2)  replace a vehicle that:

(A)  is an on-road vehicle that has been owned, registered, and operated by the applicant in Texas for at least the two years immediately preceding the submission of a grant application;

(B)  satisfies any minimum average annual mileage or fuel usage requirements established by the commission;

(C)  satisfies any minimum percentage of annual usage requirements established by the commission; and

(D)  is in operating condition and has at least two years of remaining useful life, as determined in accordance with criteria established by the commission.

(c)  As a condition of receiving a grant, the qualifying vehicle must be continuously owned, registered, and operated in the state by the grant recipient for at least five years from the date of reimbursement of the grant-funded expenses.  Not less than 75 percent of the annual use of the qualifying vehicle, either mileage or fuel use as determined by the commission, must occur in the state.

(d)  The commission shall include and enforce the usage provisions in the grant contracts.  The commission shall monitor compliance with the ownership and usage requirements, including submission of reports on at least an annual basis, or more frequently as determined by the commission.

(e)  The commission by contract may require the return of all or a portion of grant funds for a grant recipient's noncompliance with the usage and percentage of use requirements under this section.

(f)  A vehicle or engine replaced under this program must be rendered permanently inoperable by crushing the vehicle or making a hole in the engine block and permanently destroying the frame of the vehicle.  The commission shall establish criteria for ensuring the permanent destruction of the engine and vehicle.  The commission shall monitor and enforce the destruction requirements.

(g)  The commission shall establish baseline emission levels for emissions of nitrogen oxides for on-road vehicles being replaced.  The commission may consider and establish baseline emission rates for additional pollutants of concern, as determined by the commission.

(h)  Mileage requirements established by the commission under Subsection (b)(2)(B) may differ by vehicle weight categories and type of use.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232, Sec. 5, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 391.006.  Restriction On Use Of Grant.

A recipient of a grant under this chapter shall use the grant to pay the incremental costs of the project for which the grant is made, which may include the initial cost of the alternative fuel vehicle and the reasonable and necessary expenses incurred for the labor needed to install emissions-reducing equipment.  The recipient may not use the grant to pay the recipient's administrative expenses.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232, Sec. 5, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 391.007.  Amount Of Grant.

(a) The amount the commission shall award for each vehicle being replaced is:

(1)  80 percent of the incremental cost for replacement of a heavy-duty diesel engine:

(A)  manufactured prior to implementation of federal or California emission standards; and

(B)  not certified to meet a specific emission level by either the United States Environmental Protection Agency or the California Air Resources Board;

(2)  70 percent of the incremental cost for replacement of a heavy-duty diesel engine certified to meet the federal emission standards applicable to engines manufactured in 1990 through 1997;

(3)  60 percent of the incremental cost for replacement of a heavy-duty diesel engine certified to meet the federal emission standards applicable to engines manufactured in 1998 through 2003;

(4)  50 percent of the incremental cost for replacement of a heavy-duty diesel engine certified to meet the federal emission standards applicable to engines manufactured in 2004 and later;

(5)  80 percent of the incremental cost for replacement of a light-duty diesel vehicle:

(A)  manufactured prior to the implementation of certification requirements; and

(B)  not certified to meet either mandatory or voluntary emission certification standards;

(6)  70 percent of the incremental cost for replacement of a light-duty diesel vehicle certified to meet federal Tier 1 emission standards phased in between 1994 and 1997; and

(7)  60 percent of the incremental cost for replacement of a light-duty diesel vehicle certified to meet federal Tier 2 emission standards phased in between 2004 and 2009.

(b)  The commission may revise the standards for determining grant amounts, as needed to reflect changes to federal emission standards and decisions on pollutants of concern.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232, Sec. 5, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 391.008.  Expiration.

This chapter expires August 31, 2017.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232, Sec. 5, eff. September 1, 2009.


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