Law:Title 4. Development And Improvement. Subtitle C. Development, Improvement, And Management from Chapter 3804. First Colony Management District (Texas)

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Subtitle C. Development, Improvement, And Management

Contents

Chapter 3804. First Colony Management District

Subchapter A. General Provisions

Section  3804.001.  Definitions.

In this chapter:

(1)  "Board" means the board of directors of the district.

(2)  "District" means the First Colony Management District.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.002.  First Colony Management District.

A special district known as the "First Colony Management District" is a governmental agency and political subdivision of this state.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.003.  Purpose; Declaration Of Intent.

(a) The creation of the district is essential to accomplish the purposes of Sections 52 and 52-a, Article III, and Section 59, Article XVI, Texas Constitution, and other public purposes stated in this chapter. By creating the district and in authorizing Fort Bend County, the City of Sugar Land, and other political subdivisions to contract with the district, the legislature has established a program to accomplish the public purposes set out in Section 52-a, Article III, Texas Constitution.

(b)  The creation of the district is necessary to promote, develop, encourage, and maintain employment, commerce, transportation, housing, tourism, recreation, the arts, entertainment, economic development, safety, and the public welfare in the city of Sugar Land.

(c)  This chapter and the creation of the district may not be interpreted to relieve Fort Bend County or the City of Sugar Land from providing the level of services provided as of September 1, 1997, to the area in the district or to release the county or the city from the obligations of each entity to provide services to that area. The district is created to supplement and not to supplant the county or city services provided in the area in the district.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.004.  Findings Of Benefit And Public Purpose.

(a) The district is created to serve a public use and benefit.

(b)  All land and other property included in the district will benefit from the improvements and services to be provided by the district under powers conferred by Sections 52 and 52-a, Article III, and Section 59, Article XVI, Texas Constitution, and other powers granted under this chapter.

(c)  The creation of the district is in the public interest and is essential to:

(1)  further the public purposes of developing and diversifying the economy of the state;

(2)  eliminate unemployment and underemployment; and

(3)  develop or expand transportation and commerce.

(d)  The district will:

(1)  promote the health, safety, and general welfare of residents, employers, employees, visitors, and consumers in the district, and of the public;

(2)  provide needed funding for the City of Sugar Land to preserve, maintain, and enhance the economic health and vitality of the area as a community and business center; and

(3)  promote the health, safety, welfare, and enjoyment of the public by providing pedestrian ways and by landscaping and developing certain areas in the district, which are necessary for the restoration, preservation, and enhancement of scenic and aesthetic beauty.

(e)  Pedestrian ways along or across a street, whether at grade or above or below the surface, and street lighting, street landscaping, and street art objects are parts of and necessary components of a street and are considered to be a street or road improvement.

(f)  The district will not act as the agent or instrumentality of any private interest even though the district will benefit many private interests as well as the public.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.005.  District Territory.

(a) The district is composed of the territory described by Section 1, Chapter 985, Acts of the 75th Legislature, Regular Session, 1997, enacting former Section 376.114, Local Government Code, as that territory may have been modified under:

(1)  Section 3804.108 or its predecessor statute, former Section 376.122, Local Government Code;

(2)  Subchapter J, Chapter 49, Water Code; or

(3)  other law.

(b)  The boundaries and field notes of the district contained in Section 1, Chapter 985, Acts of the 75th Legislature, Regular Session, 1997, enacting former Section 376.114, Local Government Code, form a closure. A mistake in the field notes or in copying the field notes in the legislative process does not in any way affect:

(1)  the district's organization, existence, and validity;

(2)  the district's right to issue any type of bond, including a refunding bond, for a purpose for which the district is created or to pay the principal of and interest on the bond;

(3)  the district's right to impose and collect an assessment or tax; or

(4)  the legality or operation of the district or the board.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.006.  Eligibility For Reinvestment Zones.

(a) All or any part of the area of the district is eligible to be included in:

(1)  a tax increment reinvestment zone created by the City of Sugar Land under Chapter 311, Tax Code; or

(2)  a tax abatement reinvestment zone created by the City of Sugar Land under Chapter 312, Tax Code.

(b)  A taxing unit participating in a tax increment reinvestment zone created by a municipality or county may continue to enter into a tax abatement agreement.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.007.  Applicability Of Other Law.

Except as otherwise provided by this chapter, Chapter 375, Local Government Code, applies to the district.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.008.  Liberal Construction Of Chapter.

This chapter shall be liberally construed in conformity with the findings and purposes stated in this chapter.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Subchapter B. Board Of Directors

Section  3804.051.  Board Of Directors; Terms.

(a) The district is governed by a board of 13 directors who serve staggered terms of four years with six or seven directors' terms expiring June 1 of each odd-numbered year.

(b)  The board by resolution may increase or decrease the number of directors on the board, but only if it is in the best interest of the district to do so. The board may not:

(1)  increase the number of directors to more than 30; or

(2)  decrease the number of directors to fewer than nine.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.052.  Appointment Of Directors.

(a) The mayor and members of the governing body of the City of Sugar Land shall appoint directors from persons recommended by the board.

(b)  A person may not be appointed to the board if the appointment of that person would result in fewer than two-thirds of the directors owning property in the city of Sugar Land.

(c)  An owner of a tract of land in the district that is 10 or more acres in size may recommend to the board a successor director to fill a position or vacancy on the board unless a director recommended by the current or previous owner of the tract is serving on the board.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.053.  Nonvoting Directors.

The board may appoint nonvoting directors to serve on the board.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.054.  Removal Of Directors.

(a) The board may remove a director if the director has missed half the meetings scheduled during the preceding 12 months.

(b)  A director removed under this section may file a written appeal with the governing body of the City of Sugar Land. The governing body may reinstate the director if the body finds that the removal was unwarranted under the circumstances after considering the reasons for the absences, the time and place of the meetings, the business conducted at the meetings missed, and any other relevant circumstances.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Subchapter C. Powers And Duties

Section 3804.101.  District Powers.

The district has:

(1)  all powers necessary to accomplish the purposes for which the district was created;

(2)  the rights, powers, privileges, authority, and functions of a district created under Chapter 375, Local Government Code; and

(3)  the powers given to a corporation under Chapter 505, Local Government Code, and the power to own, operate, acquire, construct, lease, improve, and maintain projects.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 885, Sec. 3.33, eff. April 1, 2009.



Section  3804.103.  Nonprofit Corporation.

(a) The board by resolution may authorize the creation of a nonprofit corporation to assist and act for the district in implementing a project or providing a service authorized by this chapter.

(b)  The nonprofit corporation:

(1)  has each power of and is considered for purposes of this chapter to be a local government corporation created under Chapter 431, Transportation Code; and

(2)  may implement any project and provide any service authorized by this chapter.

(c)  The board shall appoint the board of directors of the nonprofit corporation. The board of directors of the nonprofit corporation shall serve in the same manner as, for the same term as, and on the same conditions as the board of directors of a local government corporation created under Chapter 431, Transportation Code.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.104.  Contracts; Grants.

(a) To protect the public interest, the district may contract with Fort Bend County or the City of Sugar Land for the county or the city to provide law enforcement services in the district for a fee.

(b)  Fort Bend County, the City of Sugar Land, or another political subdivision of this state, without further authorization, may contract with the district to implement a project of the district or assist the district in providing a service authorized under this chapter. A contract under this subsection may:

(1)  be for a period on which the parties agree;

(2)  include terms on which the parties agree;

(3)  be payable from taxes or any other source of revenue that may be available for that project or service; and

(4)  provide terms under which taxes or other revenue collected at a district project or from a person using or purchasing a commodity or service at a district project may be paid or rebated to the district.

(c)  The district may enter into a contract, lease, or other agreement with or make or accept a grant or loan to or from any person, including:

(1)  the United States;

(2)  this state or a state agency;

(3)  any political subdivision of this state; and

(4)  a public or private corporation, including a nonprofit corporation created by the board under this subchapter.

(d)  The district may perform all acts necessary for the full exercise of the powers vested in the district on terms and for the period the board determines advisable.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.105.  Competitive Bidding.

The district may enter a contract for more than $50,000 for services, improvements, or the purchase of property, including materials, machinery, equipment, and supplies, only as provided by Subchapter K, Chapter 375, Local Government Code.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.106.  Approval Of Certain Improvement Projects.

The district must obtain the City of Sugar Land's approval of the plans and specifications of any district improvement project related to the use of land owned by the City of Sugar Land, an easement granted by the City of Sugar Land, or a right-of-way of a street, road, or highway.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.107.  Limitation On Certain Actions Affecting Facility Of Texas Department Of Transportation.

The district may not relocate, adjust, raise, lower, reroute, or change the grade or the construction of a facility under the jurisdiction of the Texas Department of Transportation without the department's written approval.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.108.  Annexation Or Exclusion Of Territory.

The district may annex or exclude land, whether located inside or outside the boundaries of the city of Sugar Land, as provided by Subchapter J, Chapter 49, Water Code.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section 3804.109.  No Eminent Domain Power.

The district may not exercise the power of eminent domain.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 684, Sec. 4, eff. June 17, 2005.



Subchapter D. Financial Provisions

Section  3804.151.  Petition Required For Financing Services And Improvements.

(a) The board may not finance a service or an improvement project under this chapter unless a written petition requesting that service or improvement is filed with the board.

(b)  The petition must be signed by:

(1)  the owners of a majority of the assessed value of real property in the district according to the most recent certified tax appraisal roll for Fort Bend County;

(2)  the owners of a majority of the surface area of real property in the district, according to the most recent certified tax appraisal roll for Fort Bend County, excluding roads, streets, highways, and utility rights-of-way, other public areas, and any other property exempt from assessment under this chapter; or

(3)  at least 50 owners of land in the district, if more than 50 persons own property in the district according to the most recent certified tax appraisal roll for Fort Bend County.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.152.  Disbursements And Transfers Of Money.

The board by resolution shall establish the number of directors' signatures and the procedure required for a disbursement or transfer of the district's money.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.153.  Board Vote Required To Impose Taxes, Assessments, Or Impact Fees.

The imposition of a tax, assessment, or impact fee requires a vote of a majority of the directors serving.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.154.  Authority To Impose Ad Valorem Taxes, Assessments And Impact Fees.

The district may impose an ad valorem tax, assessment, or impact fee as provided by Chapter 375, Local Government Code, to provide an improvement or service for a project or activity the district may acquire, construct, improve, or provide under this chapter.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.155.  Maintenance Tax.

(a) If authorized at an election held in accordance with Section 3804.159, the district may impose an annual ad valorem tax on taxable property in the district to:

(1)  maintain and operate the district and the improvements constructed or acquired by the district; or

(2)  provide a service.

(b)  The board shall determine the tax rate.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.156.  Assessments; Liens For Assessments.

(a) The board by resolution may impose and collect an assessment for any purpose authorized by this chapter.

(b)  An assessment, a reassessment, or an assessment resulting from an addition to or correction of the assessment roll by the district, penalties and interest on an assessment or reassessment, an expense of collection, and reasonable attorney's fees incurred by the district:

(1)  are a first and prior lien against the property assessed;

(2)  are superior to any other lien or claim other than a lien or claim for county, school district, or municipal ad valorem taxes; and

(3)  are the personal liability of and a charge against the owners of the property even if the owners are not named in the assessment proceeding.

(c)  The lien is effective from the date of the board's resolution imposing the assessment until the date the assessment is paid. The board may enforce the lien in the same manner that the board may enforce an ad valorem tax lien against real property.

(d)  The board may correct, add to, or delete assessments from its assessment rolls after notice and hearing as provided by Subchapter F, Chapter 375, Local Government Code.

(e)  If equipment installed, at no cost to the district, on assessed property reduces the district's cost of providing a service, the district may reduce the amount of the assessment against the property for the person required to pay the assessment by an amount equal to the money saved by the equipment or may rebate the money saved to the person required to pay the assessment. The amount of money saved is determined solely by the district. The district shall determine and apply rebates and reductions under this subsection in a nondiscriminatory manner.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.157.  Property Exempt From Assessments And Impact Fees.

The district may not, without the consent of the owner, impose an impact fee or assessment under Chapter 375, Local Government Code, on:

(1)  a condominium for which the owner meets all the requirements to claim a homestead exemption, a single-family detached residential property, or a residential duplex, triplex, or fourplex;

(2)  a tract consistently and continuously used for:

(A)  religious worship or a school that is maintained or owned by or affiliated with a religious organization; or

(B)  a use ancillary to and in keeping with the operation of a full-service church or school affiliated with a religious organization;

(3)  a tract owned by this state or the United States and used for a public purpose;

(4)  a tract owned by the City of Sugar Land, Fort Bend County, or another political subdivision and used for a public purpose; or

(5)  a tract that is owned in fee simple by a community services association or property owners' association and that is not leased to a person who is not exempt under this chapter.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.158.  Obligations; Approval By City Of Sugar Land.

(a) The district may issue bonds or other obligations payable in whole or in part from ad valorem taxes, assessments, impact fees, revenue, grants, or other money of the district, or any combination of those sources of money, to pay for any authorized purpose of the district.

(b)  In exercising the district's borrowing power, the district may issue a bond or other obligation in the form of a bond, note, certificate of participation or other instrument evidencing a proportionate interest in payments to be made by the district, or other type of obligation.

(c)  Except as provided by Subsection (d), the district must obtain the approval of the City of Sugar Land:

(1)  for the issuance of a bond for each improvement project; and

(2)  of the plans and specifications of the improvement project to be financed by the bond.

(d)  If the district obtains the approval of the City of Sugar Land of a capital improvements budget for a specified period not to exceed five years, the district may finance the capital improvements and issue bonds specified in the budget without further approval from the City of Sugar Land.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Section  3804.159.  Elections Regarding Taxes Or Bonds.

(a) In addition to the elections required under Subchapter L, Chapter 375, Local Government Code, the district must hold an election in the manner provided by that subchapter to obtain voter approval before the district may:

(1)  impose a maintenance tax; or

(2)  issue a bond payable from ad valorem taxes or assessments.

(b)  The board may submit multiple purposes in a single proposition at an election.

(c)  The board may not call an election under this chapter unless a written petition requesting an election is filed with the board. The petition must be signed by:

(1)  the owners of a majority of the assessed value of real property in the district according to the most recent certified tax appraisal roll for Fort Bend County;

(2)  the owners of the majority of the surface area of real property in the district, according to the most recent certified tax appraisal roll for Fort Bend County, excluding roads, streets, highways, and utility rights-of-way, other public areas, and any other property exempt from assessment under this chapter; or

(3)  at least 50 owners of land in the district, if more than 50 persons own property in the district according to the most recent certified tax appraisal roll for Fort Bend County.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.



Subchapter E. Dissolution

Section  3804.201.  Dissolution Of District.

(a) The district may be dissolved as provided by Subchapter M, Chapter 375, Local Government Code, except that the dissolution must be approved by:

(1)  a three-fourths vote of the board; and

(2)  a two-thirds vote of the City of Sugar Land's governing body.

(b)  Despite this section and Section 375.264, Local Government Code, the district may be dissolved as provided by Subchapter M, Chapter 375, Local Government Code, if the district has debt. If the district has debt when it is dissolved, the district shall remain in existence solely for the purpose of discharging its bonds or other obligations according to their terms.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1277, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2005.


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