Law:Title 3. Aviation from Chapter 24. Operation Of Aircraft (Texas)

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Contents

Chapter 24. Operation Of Aircraft

Subchapter A. Federal Requirements Regarding Airman Certification

Section  24.001.  Definitions.

In this subchapter:

(1)  "Aircraft" means a device that is invented, used, or designated for air navigation or flight, other than a parachute or other device used primarily as safety equipment.

(2)  "Airman" means:

(A)  a person, including the person in command of an aircraft or a pilot, mechanic, or member of the crew, who engages in the navigation of an aircraft while under way; or

(B)  the person who is in charge of the inspection, overhaul, or repair of an aircraft.

(3)  "Airman certificate" means a certificate issued to an airman under 49 U.S.C. Section 1422.

Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995.



Section  24.002.  Application.

This subchapter does not apply to an aircraft owned by and used exclusively in the service of the federal or state government.

Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995.



Section  24.003.  Operation Of Aircraft Without Airman Certificate; Offense.

(a) A person commits an offense if the person:

(1)  navigates an aircraft in this state without an airman certificate; or

(2)  serves as an airman in connection with an aircraft flown or operated in this state without an airman certificate.

(b)  An offense under Subsection (a) is a misdemeanor punishable by:

(1)  a fine of not less than $100 and not more than $500;

(2)  confinement in county jail for not less than 30 days and not more than six months; or

(3)  both the fine and the confinement.

(c)  It is a defense to prosecution under this section that the person could be prosecuted under the laws or regulations of the United States for the alleged violation.

Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995.



Section  24.004.  Inspection Of Airman Certificate.

A person holding an airman certificate shall keep the certificate in the person's possession when the person is operating an aircraft within this state or serving in connection with an aircraft flown or operated in this state. The person shall present the certificate for inspection on the demand of:

(1)  a passenger;

(2)  a peace officer of this state; or

(3)  an official, manager, or person in charge of an airport or landing field in this state on which the person lands an aircraft or performs a service.

Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995.



Section  24.005.  Aircraft Licensure And Registration.

A person may not navigate an aircraft in this state, whether for commercial, pleasure, or noncommercial purposes, unless the aircraft is licensed and registered in the manner provided by the Federal Aviation Administration.

Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995.



Subchapter B. Other Federal Requirements Regarding Aircraft

Section  24.011.  Failure To Register Aircraft; Offense. (a)

A person commits an offense if the person operates or navigates an aircraft that the person knows is not properly registered under Federal Aviation Administration aircraft registration regulations, 14 C.F.R. Part 47, as those regulations existed on September 1, 1985.

(b)  An offense under Subsection (a) is a felony of the third degree.

Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995.



Section  24.012.  Aircraft Identification Numbers; Offense.

(a) The failure to have the aircraft identification numbers clearly displayed on an aircraft in compliance with federal aviation regulations is probable cause for a peace officer to further inspect the aircraft to determine the identity of the owner of the aircraft.

(b)  A peace officer may inspect an aircraft under Subsection (a) if the aircraft is located on public property or on private property if the officer has the consent of the property owner.

(c)  A person commits an offense if the person operates an aircraft that the person knows does not have aircraft identification numbers that comply with federal aviation regulations.

(d)  An offense under Subsection (c) is a felony of the third degree.

(e)  In this section, "federal aviation regulations" means the regulations adopted by the Federal Aviation Administration regarding identification and registration marking, 14 C.F.R. Part 45, as those regulations existed on September 1, 1985, except a regulation in existence on September 1, 1985, that is inconsistent with a regulation adopted after that date.

Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995.



Section  24.013.  Aircraft Fuel Containers; Offense.

(a) A person commits an offense if the person operates or intends to operate an aircraft equipped with:

(1)  a fuel container that the person knows does not conform to federal aviation regulations or that has not been approved by the Federal Aviation Administration by inspection or special permit; or

(2)  a pipe, hose, or auxiliary pump that is used or intended for transferring fuel to the primary fuel system of an aircraft from a fuel container that the person knows does not conform to federal aviation regulations or that has not been approved by the Federal Aviation Administration by inspection or special permit.

(b)  An offense under Subsection (a) is a felony of the third degree.

(c)  A peace officer may seize an aircraft equipped with a fuel container that is the subject of an offense under Subsection (a).

(d)  An aircraft seized under Subsection (c) may be forfeited to the Department of Public Safety in the same manner as property subject to forfeiture under Article 18.18, Code of Criminal Procedure.

(e)  An aircraft forfeited under Subsection (d) is subject to Chapter 2205, Government Code.

(f)  In this section:

(1)  "Federal aviation regulations" means the following regulations adopted by the Federal Aviation Administration as those regulations existed on September 1, 1985, except a regulation in existence on September 1, 1985, that is inconsistent with a regulation adopted after that date:

(A)  certification procedures for products and parts, 14 C.F.R. Part 21;

(B)  maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding, and alteration regulations, 14 C.F.R. Part 43; and

(C)  general operating and flight rules, 14 C.F.R. Part 91.

(2)  "Operate" means to use, cause to use, or authorize to use an aircraft for air navigation and includes:

(A)  the piloting of an aircraft, with or without the right of legal control;

(B)  the taxiing of an aircraft before takeoff or after landing; and

(C)  the postflight or preflight inspection or starting of the engine of an aircraft.

Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995.



Subchapter C. Use Of Public Roads By Aircraft

Section  24.021.  Taking Off, Landing, Or Maneuvering Aircraft On Highways, Roads, Or Streets; Offense.

(a) A person commits an offense if the person takes off, lands, or maneuvers an aircraft, whether heavier or lighter than air, on a public highway, road, or street except:

(1)  when necessary to prevent serious injury to a person or property;

(2)  during or within a reasonable time after an emergency; or

(3)  as provided by Section 24.022.

(b)  An offense under Subsection (a) is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less than $25 and not more than $200.

(c)  The procedure prescribed by Section 543.003 applies to a violation of this section.

Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995. Amended by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 30.04, eff. Sept. 1, 1997.



Section  24.022.  Use Of Aircraft On County Roads.

(a) A commissioners court of a county may enact ordinances to ensure the safe use of county roads by aircraft. An ordinance may:

(1)  limit the kinds of aircraft that may use the roads;

(2)  establish the procedure that a pilot shall follow before using a road, including requiring the pilot to furnish persons with flags at both ends of the road to be used; or

(3)  establish other requirements considered necessary for the safe use of the roads by aircraft.

(b)  A pilot who follows the ordinances adopted under Subsection (a):

(1)  may land or take off in the aircraft on a county road; and

(2)  is not subject to the traffic laws of this state during the landing or takeoff.

Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995.


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