Law:Title 28. Cities, Towns And Villages (Texas)
From Law Delta
Chapter 1. Cities And Towns
Art. 973c. EXCLUSION OF PROPERTY FROM CERTAIN WATER DISTRICTS.
As used in this Act:
(1) "Urban property" means land that has been subdivided into town lots, or town lots and blocks, or small parcels of the same general nature of town lots, or town blocks and lots, designed, intended, or suitable for residential or other nonagricultural purposes, as distinguished from farm acreage, including streets, alleys, parkways, parks, and railroad property and rights-of-way within that subdivided land and that is in a subdivision that is within the corporate limits or extraterritorial jurisdiction of a city that has subdivision approval jurisdiction under the Municipal Annexation Act (Article 970a, Vernon's Texas Civil Statutes), or Chapter 231, Acts of the 40th Legislature, Regular Session, 1927 (Article 974a, Vernon's Texas Civil Statutes), and for which a plat or map of the subdivision has been filed and recorded in the office of the county clerk of the county in which the subdivision or any part of the subdivision is located.
(2) "District" means any district or authority created under Article III, Sections 52(b)(1) and (2), or Article XVI, Section 59, of the Texas Constitution now existing or hereafter created for the principal purpose of, or principally engaged in, furnishing water for the irrigation of agricultural lands.
Exclusion of Urban Property
Urban property located within the boundaries of a district may be excluded from the district by the board of directors in the manner and on the conditions provided by this Act. Urban property may be excluded only after the following have been paid to the district:
(1) all taxes, assessments, and other lawful charges of the district accrued on the property to be excluded, together with all lawful interest and penalties accrued on those taxes, assessments, and charges; and
(2) the proportionate part of the outstanding bonded indebtedness or indebtedness in connection with a loan from an authorized agency of the United States for which the property proposed to be excluded is liable, as determined under this Act; and
(3) agreement on a reasonable determined amount to be paid by the city or other supplier of potable water to compensate the district for loss of revenue occasioned by the said exclusion.
Application for Exclusion
(a) The owner or owners of urban property included within the boundaries of a district and subject to taxation by the district, and on which all taxes, assessments, and other lawful charges, and penalties and interest, that have accrued to the district have been paid, may make written sworn application to the district to exclude that property from the district.
(b) The application must:
(1) include a sworn acknowledgement by the owner or owners of the property;
(2) describe the property to be excluded by identifying the lot or block number of the subdivision and the name or designation of the subdivision as shown on the recorded plat of the subdivision, or by some other method of identification; and
(3) state that the property is used or intended to be used for the purposes for which it was subdivided, and that the property is not used or intended to be used, in whole or in part, for agricultural purposes.
(c) A correct copy of the recorded map or plat of the subdivision must accompany the application and must clearly delineate the part of the subdivision, if less than the whole, to be excluded from the district.
(d) The applicant shall also furnish to the district evidence satisfactory to, or required by, the board of directors of the applicant's ownership of the property proposed to be excluded, and of the right of the applicant to have the property excluded from the district.
Consideration of Application
(a) As soon as practicable after the filing of the application, the board of directors of the district shall consider the application and inquire into all the facts relating to the application considered by the board to be necessary to a determination of whether a public hearing on the application should be held.
(b) After consideration and investigation, if the board finds that all taxes, assessments, and charges of the district on the property, and interest and penalties on those amounts, due to the district up to the date of the filing of the application, have been paid, that the property described in the application is owned by the applicant, is urban property, and is not used or intended to be used for agricultural purposes but will require a source of treated potable water from the city in which the subdivision is located, and that the exclusion of the property will not cut off the district or its facilities from ready and convenient access to other land remaining in the district for irrigation or other district purposes, the board shall pass an order approving further consideration of the application. If the board is unable to make any one of these findings, it shall adopt a resolution rejecting the application, and the resolution of the board rejecting the application is final and not subject to review by any other body, tribunal, or authority.
(c) If the board approves further consideration of the application, it shall proceed to determine the proportionate amount of the bonded or contractual indebtedness for which the property to be excluded is liable as provided by Subsection (d) of this section.
(d) If the district has outstanding bonded indebtedness, the board shall obtain from the chief appraiser a certified copy of the appraised value of all the property to be excluded for the five years immediately preceding the year in which the application is filed, as shown by the tax rolls of the district, and the appraised value of all taxable property in the district according to the most recent tax rolls of the district. The part of the total outstanding bonded indebtedness of the district to be paid by the applicant as a condition precedent to the exclusion of the property is that proportion of the indebtedness, including unpaid interest computed to the date of the order, that the appraised value of the property to be excluded bears to the appraised value of all taxable property in the district according to the most recent tax rolls. If the district has contractual or other indebtedness being repaid on the benefit tax basis, the board shall obtain from the appropriate records the manner in which the tax is assessed, and from those records the district shall calculate the part of the total outstanding indebtedness of the district remaining to be paid attributable to the property to be excluded. The order of the board approving further consideration of the application also shall state the amounts required to be paid by Section 2 of this Act as a condition of the exclusion of the property.
Further Proceedings on Application
The order of the board approving further consideration of the application has no force or effect, and no further proceeding may be held on the application unless the applicant, within 20 days after adoption of the order or within a period of up to 30 days after adoption of the order as ordered by the board, deposits with the district the amounts due under Section 2 of this Act.
Notice and Hearing
(a) If the deposit is made within the time provided by Section 5 of this Act, the board shall set the application for public hearing to be held at the regular office of the district not less than 15 nor more than 30 days after the date of the hearing order.
(b) The board shall have notice of the hearing posted in a conspicuous place in the office of the district and at the courthouse of the county in which the property proposed to be excluded is situated.
Resolution Excluding Urban Property
(a) If, as a result of such hearing, the board of directors determines and finds that the owners of a majority in acreage of the urban property do not desire irrigation of that property, or that the urban property is not used or intended to be used for agricultural purposes, the board of directors shall adopt a resolution setting forth that determination and those findings and shall exclude the urban property or the part of the urban property to which the determination and findings are made. If any canals, ditches, pipelines, pumps, or other facilities of the district are located on land excluded in the resolution, the exclusion does not affect or interfere with any rights that the district might have to maintain and continue operation of the facilities as located for the purpose of servicing land remaining in the district.
(b) A copy of the resolution excluding urban property from the district certified to and acknowledged by the secretary of the board of directors shall be recorded by the district in the deed records in the county in which the excluded property is located as evidence of the exclusion.
(c) On the passage of the resolution the property excluded does not constitute a part of the district, the owner of the property has no further liability to the district or for any bonded or other indebtedness of the district, and is not subject to further taxation by the district.
(d) If the board determines from the hearing that for any reason the application should not be granted, it shall adopt a resolution rejecting the application, and the deposit made by the applicant is subject to withdrawal by the applicant or on the board's order.
After the district excludes land from its boundaries that lies within the corporate boundaries or extraterritorial jurisdiction of any city, the city or other municipal supplier who proposes to serve the land with a potable water supply may petition the district to convert the proportionate water rights previously allocated for the land from irrigation use rights to municipal use rights for the use and benefit of the city or other municipal supplier. The district shall compute the proportionate water rights available and shall proceed with appropriate administrative proceedings to convert the irrigation use rights to municipal use rights. However, the city or other municipal supplier shall deposit with the district the amount that the district estimates will be its reasonable expenses and attorney's fees incurred in those administrative proceedings before the district is obligated to initiate the administrative proceedings. On approval of the conversion by the Texas Water Commission, the water shall be delivered to the city or other municipal supplier by the district in the manner those entities may agree to under the Water Code.
Acts 1985, 69th Leg., ch. 707, Sec. 1, eff. June 14, 1985.
Art. 974d-41. VALIDATION OF GOVERNMENTAL ACTS AND PROCEEDINGS OF MUNICIPALITIES OF MORE THAN 1.5 MILLION.
This article applies to any municipality having a population of 1.5 million or more.
The governmental acts and proceedings of a municipality relating to a bond election that was held before December 1, 1991, and at which the ballot proposition was approved by more than 60 percent of the voters voting on the proposition are validated as of the dates they occurred. The validation includes the preparation and wording of the ballot proposition, any action taken by the municipality in calling and holding the bond election, and any other action taken by the municipality before the effective date of this article in connection with the issuance of any bonds approved in the bond election. The acts and proceedings may not be held invalid because they were not performed in accordance with law. A municipality may take any further action or conduct any further proceeding necessary to complete the issuance of the bonds approved at the bond election, and, when issued, the bonds are valid and binding obligations of the municipality in accordance with the terms of the bonds.
Effect on Litigation
This article does not apply to any matter that on the effective date of this article has been held invalid by a final judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction.
The legislature recommends to the governing body of a municipality that it adopt the aggregate goals for the municipality's contracting with minority and women enterprises set forth in the June 1992, report of Texas Southern University as specified for the categories of construction, procurement, and professional services. A cause of action may not be maintained to enforce this section or to recover damages based on the failure of the municipality to follow the recommendation of this section.
Conditions Affecting Expenditure of Bond Proceeds
(a) Expenditures of the bond proceeds by the municipality shall:
(1) be made in accordance with the covenants of all ordinances enacted by the municipality before the bond election approving the bonds;
(2) benefit the residents of the municipality so that the benefits or expenditures, if feasible, reflect the demographic makeup of the municipality; and
(3) to the extent the proceeds are designated for housing in the municipality's bond proposition, be made for construction and rehabilitation of housing and all matters incidental to housing construction and rehabilitation on-site.
(b) This section applies cumulatively to the entire bond authorization, rather than to individual bond issues or contracts for the expenditure of the proceeds, and the municipality's governing body is responsible for making decisions on individual bond issues and contracts.
Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 6, Sec. 2, eff. March 8, 1993.
Art. 974d-45. MUNICIPAL VALIDATION FOR VOLUNTARY ANNEXATION BY A GENERAL-LAW MUNICIPALITY
An annexation or attempted annexation by a general-law municipality that occurred after May 1, 2004, and before January 1, 2005, and that was initiated by means of a petition signed by all property owners within the annexed area, is validated as of the date it occurred.
This article does not apply to:
(1) an annexation or attempted annexation that, under a statute of this state, was a misdemeanor or felony at the time the act or proceeding occurred;
(2) an incorporation or attempted incorporation of a municipality within the incorporated boundaries or extraterritorial jurisdiction of another municipality that occurred without the consent of the other municipality in violation of Chapter 42 or 43, Local Government Code;
(3) an ordinance that, at the time it was passed, was preempted by a statute of this state or the United States, including Section 1.06 or 109.57, Alcoholic Beverage Code; or
(4) a matter that on the effective date of this article:
(A) is involved in litigation if the litigation ultimately results in the matter being held invalid by a final judgment of a court; or
(B) has been held invalid by a final judgment of a court.
Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 762, Sec. 1, eff. June 17, 2005.
Chapter 13. Home Rule
Art. 1175. ENUMERATED POWERS. A home-rule municipality has the following powers:
1. To prohibit the use of any street, alley, highway or grounds of the city by any telegraph, telephone, electric light, street railway, interurban railway, steam railway, gas company, or any other character of public utility without first obtaining the consent of the governing authorities expressed by ordinance and upon paying such compensation as may be prescribed and upon such condition as may be provided by any such ordinance. To determine, fix and regulate the charges, fares or rates of any person, firm or corporation enjoying or that may enjoy the franchise or exercising any other public privilege in said city and to prescribe the kind of service to be furnished by such person, firm or corporation, and the manner in which it shall be rendered, and from time to time alter or change such rules, regulations and compensation; provided that in adopting such regulations and in fixing or changing such compensation, or determining the reasonableness thereof, no stock or bonds authorized or issued by any corporation enjoying the franchise shall be considered unless proof that the same have been actually issued by the corporation for money paid and used for the development of the corporate property, labor done or property actually received in accordance with the laws and Constitution of this State applicable thereto. In order to ascertain all facts necessary for a proper understanding of what is or should be a reasonable rate or regulation, the governing authority shall have full power to inspect the books and compel the attendance of witnesses for such purpose.
2. Provided that in all cities of over twenty-five thousand inhabitants, the governing body of such city, when the public service of such city may require the same, shall have the right and power to compel any street railway or other public utility corporation to extend its lines of service into any section of said city not to exceed two miles, all told, in any one year.
3. Whenever any city may determine to acquire any public utility using and occupying its streets, alleys, and avenues as hereinbefore provided, and it shall be necessary to condemn the said public utility, the city may obtain funds for the purpose of acquiring the said public utility and paying the compensation therefor, by issuing bonds, notes or other evidence of indebtedness and shall secure the same by fixing a lien upon the said properties constituting the said public utility so acquired by condemnation or purchase or otherwise; said security shall apply alone to said properties so pledged; and such further regulations may be provided by any charter for the proper financing or raising the revenue necessary for obtaining any public utilities and providing for the fixing of said security.
Acts 1913, p. 307; Acts 1921, p. 169; Acts 1963, 58th Leg., p. 447, ch. 160, art. II.
Subd. 19 amended by Acts 1967, 60th Leg., p. 189, ch. 100, Sec. 1, eff. Aug. 28, 1967; Subd. 35 added by Acts 1975, 64th Leg., p. 237, ch. 89, Sec. 8, eff. Jan. 1, 1976; Subd. 35 added by Acts 1975, 64th Leg., p. 627, ch. 258, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1975. Renumbered subd. 36 and amended by Acts 1979, 66th Leg., p. 905, ch. 413, Sec. 1, eff. June 6, 1979. Amended by Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 149, Sec. 8(a), eff. Sept. 1, 1987. Subd. 37 added by Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 79, Sec. 1, eff. May 12, 1987; Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 1057, Sec. 1, eff. Aug. 31, 1987; Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 1082, Sec. 1, eff. June 20, 1987. Amended by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 1, Sec. 49(b), 86(b), eff. Aug. 28, 1989; Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 678, Sec. 4, eff. Sept. 1, 1989; Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 455, Sec. 1, eff. Aug. 30, 1993; Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 23, eff. Sept. 1, 1995; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 227, Sec. 27, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.
Art. 1182k. ACQUISITION OR ESTABLISHMENT OF A RAILROAD OR RAILROAD FACILITIES.
In this Act:
(1) "Railroad" means an enterprise created and operated to carry passengers, freight, or both on a fixed track. The term includes all real estate and interests in real estate, equipment, machinery, materials, structures, buildings, stations, facilities, and other improvements that are necessary to, or for the benefit of, the enterprise.
(2) "Municipality" means a home-rule city.
Declaration of Governmental Function
The planning, acquisition, establishment, development, construction, enlarging, improvement, maintenance, equipping, operation, regulation, protection, policing, leasing, and alienation of a railroad and railroad facilities by municipalities and other public agencies, separately or jointly exercised, are declared to be public and governmental functions that are exercised for a public purpose and matters of public necessity and, in the case of a municipality, are declared to be municipal functions and purposes as well as public and governmental. All land and other property and privileges acquired and used by or on behalf of municipalities or other public agencies for railroad purposes are declared to be acquired for public and governmental purposes and as a matter of public necessity and, in the case of a municipality, for a municipal purpose. Nothing in this Act shall operate to confer or convey any governmental immunity or limitation of liability to any entity which is not a governmental entity, authority, public agency, or subdivision thereof.
(a) Any real estate transactions or any acquisitions or operations of any railroad property by a municipality or municipalities that occurred on or after January 1, 1984, but before the effective date of this Act, are validated as of the dates they occurred. The transactions, acquisitions, or operations may not be held invalid because they were not performed in accordance with law.
(b) This section does not apply to any matter that on the effective date of this Act:
(1) is involved in litigation if the litigation ultimately results in the matter being held invalid by a final judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction; or
(2) has been held invalid by a final judgment of a court of competent jurisdiction.
The provisions of this Act shall be cumulative of all other laws or parts of laws, general or special.
If any provisions of this Act or the application thereof to any person, entity, or circumstances is held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of the Act which can be given effect without the invalid provisions or application, and to this end the provisions of this Act are declared to be severable.
Acts 1985, 69th Leg., ch. 181, eff. May 24, 1985.