Law:Title 2. Public Domain (Texas)

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Subtitle A. General Provisions

Contents

Chapter 11. Provisions Generally Applicable To The Public Domain

Subchapter A. General Provisions

Section  11.001.  Definitions.

In this chapter:

(1)  "State" means the State of Texas.

(2)  "Land office" means the General Land Office.

(3)  "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of the General Land Office.

Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 2349, ch. 871, art. I, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1977.



Subchapter B. Territory And Boundaries Of The State

Section  11.011.  Vacant And Unappropriated Land. So That The

law relating to the public domain may be brought together, the following extract is taken from the joint resolutions of the Congress of the United States relating to the annexation of Texas to the United States, which was approved June 23, 1845: "Said State, when admitted into the Union, . . . shall also retain all the vacant and unappropriated lands lying within its limits, to be applied to the payment of debts and liabilities of said Republic of Texas, and the residue of said lands, after discharging said debts and liabilities, to be disposed of as said State may direct. . . ."

Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 2349, ch. 871, art. I, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1977.



Section  11.0111.  Location Of Coastal Boundaries.

(a) The commissioner shall:

(1)  have the area between the coastline of the Gulf of Mexico and the Three Marine League line compiled and platted; and

(2)  locate and set the boundary lines between the coastal counties from the coastline to the Three Marine League line.

(b)  The commissioner shall locate and set the boundary lines between the counties from the coastline to the Three Marine League line in accordance with established engineering practice.

(c)  The legal description of the boundary lines set between the counties from the coastline to the continental shelf shall be filed and recorded in the office of the county clerk of the affected county.

Added by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1091, Sec. 30, eff. June 20, 2003.



Section  11.012.  Gulfward Boundary Of Texas. (a) The Gulf

ward boundary of the State of Texas is the boundary determined in and pursuant to the decision of the United States Supreme Court in Texas v. Louisiana, 426 U.S. 465 (1976).

(b)  The State of Texas has full sovereignty over the water, the beds and shores, and the arms of the Gulf of Mexico within its boundaries as provided in Subsection (a) of this section, subject only to the right of the United States to regulate foreign and interstate commerce under Article I, Section 8 of the United States Constitution, and the power of the United States over admiralty and maritime jurisdiction under Article III, Section 2 of the United States Constitution.

(c)  The State of Texas owns the water and the beds and shores of the Gulf of Mexico and the arms of the Gulf of Mexico within the boundaries provided in this section, including all land which is covered by the Gulf of Mexico and the arms of the Gulf of Mexico either at low tide or high tide.

(d)  None of the provisions of this section may be construed to relinquish any dominion, sovereignty, territory, property, or rights of the State of Texas previously held by the state.

Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 2349, ch. 871, art. I, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1977.



Section  11.013.  Gulfward Boundaries Of Counties, Cities, Towns, Or Villages.

(a) The gulfward boundary of each county located on the coastline of the Gulf of Mexico is the Three Marine League line as determined by the United States Supreme Court.

(b)  The area in the extended boundaries of the counties as provided in this section becomes a part of the public free school land and is subject to the constitutional and statutory provisions of this state pertaining to the use, distribution, sale, and lease of public free school land in this state.

(c)  The gulfward boundaries of any city, town, or village created and operating under the general laws of the State of Texas shall not be established or extended by incorporation or annexation more than 5,280 feet gulfward beyond the coastline. The governing body of such a city, town, or village may, by ordinance, extend the municipal boundaries up to 5,280 feet gulfward. Any inclusion of territory in any such city, town, or village more than 5,280 feet gulfward beyond the coastline is void. The term "coastline" as used in this subsection means the line of mean low tide along that portion of the coast which is in direct contact with the open Gulf of Mexico. The term "city, town, or village created and operating under the general laws of the State of Texas" shall not include any city operating under a home-rule charter.

If any such general-law city, town, or village has heretofore been established by incorporation or attempted incorporation more than 5,280 feet gulfward beyond the coastline, the corporate existence of such general-law city, town, or village is in all things validated, ratified, approved, and confirmed.

The boundaries of such general-law city, town, or village, including the gulfward boundaries to the extent of 5,280 feet gulfward beyond the coastline, are in all things validated, ratified, approved, and confirmed and shall not be held invalid by reason of the inclusion of more territory than is expressly authorized in Article 971, Revised Civil Statutes of Texas, 1925, as amended, or by reason of the inclusion of territory other than that which is intended to be used for strictly town or city purposes as required by Section 7.002, Local Government Code or by reason of not constituting a city, town, or village.

Neither this Act nor the general laws nor the special laws of the state shall have the effect of validating, ratifying, approving, or confirming the inclusion of territory in any such general-law city, town, or village more than 5,280 feet gulfward beyond the coastline.

If for any reason it should be determined by any court of competent jurisdiction that any such general-law city, town, or village has heretofore been incorporated in violation of the laws of the state in effect as of the date of such incorporation or is invalid, the corporate boundaries of any such general-law city, town, or village shall be revised and reformed to exclude all territory more than 5,280 feet gulfward of the coastline.

Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 2349, ch. 871, art. I, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1977. Amended by Acts 1979, 66th Leg., p. 2165, ch. 828, Sec. 1, eff. June 14, 1979; Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 149, Sec. 24, eff. Sept. 1, 1987.



Section  11.0131.  Jurisdiction Of Home-rule Cities Over Submerged Lands.

(a) In this section:

(1)  "Coastline" has the meaning assigned by Section 11.013(c) of this code.

(2)  "State-owned submerged lands" means the state-owned submerged lands described by Section 11.012 of this code.

(b)  The boundary of a home-rule city may not extend into the gulf outside of an area that is enclosed by:

(1)  for home-rule cities which have not prior to May 1, 1983, annexed gulfward from the coastline:

(A)  drawing a straight line connecting the two most remote points on the part of the coastline located in the city on June 1, 1983, the distance to be measured along the coastline;

(B)  drawing straight lines that extend gulfward for one marine league from each of the two ends of the line drawn under Paragraph (A) of Subdivision (1) of this subsection and that are perpendicular to the line drawn under Paragraph (A); and

(C)  drawing a straight line connecting the two gulfward ends of the lines drawn under Paragraph (B) of Subdivision (1) of this subsection; or

(2)  for home-rule cities which have, prior to May 1, 1983, annexed no farther than one marine league gulfward from the coastline:

(A)  drawing a straight line that connects the two most remote points on the part of the coastline located in the city on June 1, 1983, and that extends through those two points as far as necessary to draw the lines described by Paragraph (B) of Subdivision (2) of this subsection;

(B)  drawing two straight lines that extend gulfward for one marine league, that are perpendicular to the line drawn under Paragraph (A) of Subdivision (2) of this subsection, and that each extend through one of the two most remote points from the coastline on the boundary lines extending gulfward from the coastline;

(C)  drawing a straight line connecting the two gulfward ends of the lines drawn under Paragraph (B) of Subdivision (2) of this subsection; or

(3)  for home-rule cities which have, prior to May 1, 1983, annexed farther than one marine league gulfward from the coastline:

(A)  drawing lines following the two current boundary lines extending gulfward from the coastline for a distance of one marine league;

(B)  drawing a straight line connecting the two gulfward ends of the lines drawn under Paragraph (A) of Subdivision (3) of this subsection.

(c)  A contract or agreement by which a home-rule city purports to pledge, directly or indirectly, taxes or other revenue from or attributable to state-owned submerged lands or other lands located outside the area described by Subsection (b) of this section does not create an enforceable right to prevent the reformation of the city's boundary under Subsection (d) of this section.

(d)  The boundary of a home-rule city is void to the extent that it violates Subsection (b) of this section, and the boundary is reformed on the effective date of this Act to exclude the territory situated outside the area described by Subsection (b) of this section.

(e)  A home-rule city may create industrial districts in the area that is outside the city limits and that is located in an area formed in the manner prescribed by Subsection (b) of this section except that the lines drawn under Paragraph (B) of Subdivision (1), Paragraph (B) of Subdivision (2) or Paragraph (A) of Subdivision (3) of Subsection (b) may be extended for no more than five statute miles instead of one marine league. The governing body of such city shall have the right, power, and authority to designate the area described as an industrial district, as the term is customarily used, and to treat such area from time to time as such governing body may deem to be in the best interest of the city. Included in such rights and powers of the governing body of any city is the right and power to enter into contracts or agreements with the owner(s) or lessee(s) of land in such industrial district upon such terms and considerations as the parties might deem appropriate. The city shall have no authority to regulate oil and gas exploration, production, and transportation operations in an industrial district established pursuant to this Act, but in consideration of such relinquishment and the relinquishment of other rights under Section 42.044, Local Government Code, the city is expressly authorized to require payments of a property owner or lessee(s) in such industrial district in an amount not to exceed 35 percent of the revenue that would be produced if the city imposed a property tax in the industrial district. Nothing herein shall prohibit a city and property owner or lessee(s) from agreement by contract for payments in a lesser amount.

Added by Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 3057, ch. 803, Sec. 1, eff. Aug. 31, 1981. Amended by Acts 1983, 68th Leg., p. 3134, ch. 538, Sec. 1, eff. June 19, 1983; Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 149, Sec. 38, eff. Sept. 1, 1987.



Section  11.014.  Land Acquired From Oklahoma. (

a) Land acquired by the state in Oklahoma v. Texas, 272 U.S. 21 (1926) and subsequent orders of the United States Supreme Court relating to that case, is incorporated into the counties which are adjacent to the land, and the north and south lines of the adjacent counties, Lipscomb, Hemphill, Wheeler, Collingsworth, and Childress, are extended east to the 100th degree of west longitude as it is fixed in the final judgment.

(b)  The land acquired from Oklahoma shall become a part of the respective counties as though it were originally included in each county for governmental purposes and shall be assessed for taxes and have taxes collected under the provisions of existing law.

Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 2350, ch. 871, art. I, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1977.



Section  11.015.  Extension Of Texas-new Mexico Boundary. (a)

The boundary lines of all counties in the Texas Panhandle that border on the New Mexico boundary line are extended by extending the north and south lines of certain counties west to the Texas-New Mexico line, which was established by the survey of John H. Clark in 1859 and later retraced to completion on September 26, 1911, by the Boundary Commission composed of Francis M. Cockrell and Sam R. Scott, under authority of S.J.R. No. 124, of the 61st Congress, Third Session.

(b)  The boundary line is referred to as the 103rd Meridian and is described as follows:

Beginning at the point where the one hundred and third degree of longitude west from Greenwich intersects the parallel of thirty-six degrees and thirty Minutes North latitude, as determined and fixed by John H. Clark, the Commissioner on the part of the United States in the years eighteen hundred and fifty-nine and eighteen hundred and sixty; thence South with the line run by said Clark for the said one hundred and third degree of longitude to the Thirty-second parallel of North latitude to the point marked by said Clark as the Southeast corner of New Mexico; and thence West with the thirty-second degree of North latitude as determined by said Clark to the Rio Grande.

(c)  Copies of the deeds certified by the custodian of records in each of the counties in New Mexico in which the land is located and other instruments of title are admissible as evidence in suits filed in this state to the same extent as the original deeds or certified copies of them.

(d)  The county clerk of each of the counties in Texas in which the land is now located may file the certified copies of deeds and other instruments affecting title in the same manner as the original deeds could have been filed.

Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 2350, ch. 871, art. I, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1977.



Section  11.016.  Land Acquired From Mexico In 1933.

(a) The State of Texas recognizes the provisions of 54 Stat. 21 (1940) and accepts as part of its territory and assumes civil and criminal jurisdiction over all of certain parcels or tracts of land lying adjacent to the territory of the State of Texas which were acquired by the United States under a convention between the United States of America and the United Mexican States signed February 1, 1933.

(b)  The parcels and tracts of land acquired by the state constitute a part of the respective counties within whose boundaries they are located by extending the county boundaries to the Rio Grande and are subject to the civil and criminal jurisdiction of these counties.

(c)  Any parcels or tracts, parts of which are located in two separate counties, shall be surveyed by the county surveyors of both counties, who shall determine the portion of the land located in their respective counties and shall file the field notes of the land in their offices together with a map of the parcels or tracts in the map records of the county.

(d)  For the purpose of determining the boundaries, the boundary lines of the parcels and tracts established by the American Section of the International Boundary Commission, United States and Mexico, shall be accepted as the true boundaries.

(e)  Any parcels or tracts of land that are adjacent to or contiguous to a water improvement district or a conservation and reclamation district may be included within the district by a written contract entered into between the owner of the land and the board of directors of the district. The contract shall specifically describe the land to be included in the district, the character of water service to be furnished to the land, and the terms and conditions on which the land is to be included in the district and shall be acknowledged in the manner required for the acknowledgment of deeds and recorded in the deed records of the county in which the land is located.

(f)  None of the provisions of this section may be construed to affect the ownership of the land.

Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 2350, ch. 871, art. I, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1977.



Section  11.017.  Chamizal Area.

(a) The State of Texas accepts as part of its territory and assumes civil and criminal jurisdiction over the tract of land lying adjacent to the State of Texas which was acquired by the United States of America from the United Mexican States under the Convention for the Solution of the Problem of the Chamizal, signed August 29, 1963, and ceded to Texas by Act of Congress.

(b)  The territory shall be a part of El Paso County.

(c)  None of the provisions of this section affect the ownership of the land.

Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 2351, ch. 871, art. I, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1977.



Section  11.018.  Cession Of Certain El Paso Land.

(a) To facilitate the project for rectification of the Rio Grande in the El Paso-Juarez Valley under the convention between the United States of America and the United Mexican States signed February 1, 1933, without cost to the state, all right, title, and interest of the State of Texas in and to the bed and banks of the Rio Grande in El Paso County and Hudspeth County which may be necessary or expedient in the construction of the project is ceded to the United States of America.

(b)  This cession is made on the express condition that the State of Texas retain concurrent jurisdiction with the United States of America over every portion of land ceded which remains within the territorial limits of the United States after the project is completed so that process may be executed in the same manner and with the same effect as before the cession took place.

(c)  None of the provisions of this section may be construed as a cession or relinquishment of any rights which the State of Texas, its citizens, or any property owners have in the water of the Rio Grande, its use, or access to it.

Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 2351, ch. 871, art. I, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1977.



Subchapter C. Special Funds

Section  11.041.  Permanent School Fund.

(a) In addition to land and minerals granted to the permanent school fund under the constitution and other laws of this state, the permanent school fund shall include:

(1)  the mineral estate in river beds and channels;

(2)  the mineral estate in areas within tidewater limits, including islands, lakes, bays, and the bed of the sea which belong to the state; and

(3)  the arms and the beds and shores of the Gulf of Mexico within the boundary of Texas.

(b)  The land and minerals dedicated to the permanent school fund shall be managed as provided by law.

Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 2352, ch. 871, art. I, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1977.



Section  11.042.  Asylum Fund.

The 400,000 acres of land set apart for the various asylums in equal portions of 100,000 acres for each by act of the legislature, approved August 30, 1856, is recognized and set apart to provide a permanent fund for the support, maintenance, and improvement of the asylums.

Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 2352, ch. 871, art. I, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1977.



Section  11.043.  University Fund.

After payment of the amount due to the permanent school fund for proceeds from the sale of the portion of the public land set aside for payment of the public debt by act of the legislature in 1879 and payment directed to be made to the permanent school and university funds by act of the legislature in 1883, the remainder of the land not to exceed two million acres or the proceeds from their sale shall be divided in half and one of the halves shall constitute a permanent endowment fund for The University of Texas System.

Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 2352, ch. 871, art. I, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1977.



Subchapter D. Regulation Of The Public Domain

Section  11.071.  Recovery Of Value Of Minerals And Timber.

(a) At least semiannually, the commissioner and the county attorney of each county shall report to the attorney general the name and address of each person who has taken any minerals or other property of value from public land or who has cut, used, destroyed, sold, or otherwise appropriated any timber from public land and shall report any other data within their knowledge. The county attorneys also shall assist the attorney general relating to these matters in any manner he requests.

(b)  The attorney general shall file suit in any county in which all or part of the injury occurred or in the county in which the defendant resides to recover the value of the property, or with the consent of the governor, the attorney general may compromise and settle any of these liabilities with or without suit.

(c)  The attorney general shall pay all amounts collected or received by him to the permanent funds to which they belong.

(d)  From amounts recovered by suit, the attorney general shall receive a fee of 10 percent and the county attorney shall receive a fee of five percent, and from amounts recovered by compromise, the attorney general and county attorney shall each receive one-half of the fees to be taxed against the defendant as costs. No county attorney may receive compensation from cases not reported by him to the attorney general.

(e)  Except as otherwise provided by law, no person may use for his benefit or cut or remove any mineral, plant, or anything of value located on land belonging to the permanent school fund without proper authority from the commissioner.

(f)  In addition to any other penalties provided by law, a person violating the provisions of Subsection (e) of this section shall be liable for a civil penalty of not more than $10,000 for each thing of value cut, used, or removed. All civil penalties collected under this subsection shall be credited to the permanent school fund.

Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 2352, ch. 871, art. I, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1977. Amended by Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 208, Sec. 9, eff. Aug. 31, 1987.



Section  11.072.  Fences With And Without Gates.

(a) A person who has used any of the pasture land by joining fences or otherwise and who builds or maintains more than three miles lineal measure of fences running in the same general direction without a gate in it shall be fined not less than $200 nor more than $1,000.

(b)  The gate in the fence described in Subsection (a) of this section shall be at least 10 feet wide and shall not be locked or kept closed so that it obstructs free ingress or egress.

(c)  The provisions of this section do not apply to persons who have previously settled on land not their own, if the enclosure is 200 acres or less and if the principal pursuit of the person on the land is agriculture.

Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 2353, ch. 871, art. I, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1977.



Section  11.073.  Definition Of Fencing.

In Sections 11.074 and 11.075 of this code, "fencing" means the erection of any structure of wood, wire, wood and wire, or any other material, whether it encloses land on all sides or only one or more sides, which is intended to prevent the passage of cattle, horses, mules, sheep, goats, or hogs.

Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 2353, ch. 871, art. I, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1977.



Section  11.074.  Herding And Line-riding.

(a) No owner of stock, manager, agent, employee, or servant may fence, use, occupy, or appropriate by herding or line-riding any portion of the public land of the state or land which belongs to the public schools or asylums unless he obtains a lease for the land from the proper authority.

(b)  Any owner of stock or his manager, agent, employee, or servant who fences, uses, occupies, or appropriates by herding or line-riding any portion of the land covered by Subsection (a) of this section without a lease for the land, on conviction, shall be fined not less than $100 nor more than $1,000 and confined in the county jail for not less than three months nor more than two years. Each day for which a violation continues constitutes a separate offense.

(c)  Prosecution under this section may take place in the county in which a portion of the land is located or to which the county may be attached for judicial purposes or in Travis County.

Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 2353, ch. 871, art. I, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1977.



Section  11.075.  Appropriation Of Land By Fencing.

(a) Unless a lease for the land is obtained, any appropriation of public land of the state or land which belongs to the public schools and asylums by fencing or by enclosures consisting partly of fencing and partly of natural obstacles or impediments to the passage of livestock is an unlawful appropriation of land which is punishable by the penalty provided in Subsection (b) of Section 11.074 of this code.

(b)  Each day that the violation continues constitutes a separate offense.

Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 2353, ch. 871, art. I, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1977.



Section  11.076.  Unlawful Enclosures.

(a) If the governor is credibly informed that any portion of the public land or the land which belongs to any of the special land funds has been enclosed or that fences have been erected on the land in violation of law, he may direct the attorney general to institute suit in the name of the state for the recovery of the land, damages, and fees.

(b)  The fee for the attorney general may not be less than $10 if the amount recovered is less than $100, but if the amount of recovery is over $100, the fee shall be 10 percent paid by the defendant for the use and occupancy of the land and the removal of the enclosure and fences.

(c)  The damages may not be less than five cents an acre a year for the period of occupancy.

(d)  In a suit brought under this section, the court shall issue a writ of sequestration directed to any sheriff in the state requiring him to take into actual custody the land and any property on the land which belongs to the person who is unlawfully occupying the land and to hold the land and other property until the court issues further orders. The writ may be executed by the sheriff to whom it is delivered, and he shall proceed to execute the writ.

(e)  The defendant in the suit may replevy the property as provided in other cases by executing the bond required by law.

(f)  An appeal from a suit brought under this section has precedence over other cases.

(g)  If judgment is recovered by the state in the suit, the court shall order the enclosure or fences removed and shall charge the costs of the suit to the defendant. Property on the land which belongs to the defendant and which is not exempt from execution may be used to pay costs and damages in addition to the personal liability of the defendant.

Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 2353, ch. 871, art. I, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1977. Amended by Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 2644, ch. 707, Sec. 4(32), eff. Aug. 31, 1981.



Section  11.077.  Suit Against Adverse Claimant.

If any public land is held, occupied, or claimed adversely to the state or to any fund of the state by any person or if land is forfeited to the state for any reason, the attorney general shall file suit for the land, for rent on the land, and to recover damages to the land.

Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 2354, ch. 871, art. I, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1977.



Section  11.078.  Venue.

A suit brought under the provisions of Section 11.076 or Section 11.077 of this code shall be brought in the county in which the land or any part of the land is located.

Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 2354, ch. 871, art. I, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1977.



Section  11.079.  Access To Land.

(a) The state, a permittee of the state, or a lessee or assignee of state land or minerals dedicated to the permanent school fund may exercise the power of eminent domain to obtain an easement whenever it is necessary to enter or cross the land of another person for the purpose of obtaining access to any land or interest in land that is owned by the state and that is dedicated by law to the permanent school fund.

(b)  If the state or such permittee, lessee, or assignee and the private owner of the land through which an easement for access is sought cannot agree on the place or the terms for the easement to obtain access, either the state or such permittee, lessee, or assignee may, in order to provide that access, exercise this power of eminent domain in the manner provided by Chapter 21, Property Code.

(c)  Easements acquired under this section are declared to be for the sole use and benefit of the state, its permittee, lessee, or assignee and may be used only to the extent necessary to achieve the required access or for the purposes for which the permit, lease, or assignment was granted. An easement so acquired is hereby dedicated to the permanent school fund.

(d)  If the state desires to utilize the power of eminent domain to obtain an easement under this section for access to a tract of land, the attorney general shall institute condemnation proceedings as provided under Chapter 21, Property Code. If agreement regarding an easement for access cannot be reached with a private landowner, a permittee of the state or a lessee or assignee of land or minerals dedicated to the permanent school fund desiring to utilize this section to obtain an easement for access to a tract of land must institute the condemnation proceedings authorized by this section.

(e)  If the easement acquired under this section is taken solely to benefit a tract of land in which the permanent school fund owns only a mineral interest, the easement shall not be permanent but shall be limited to the term that the state minerals are held under a valid prospect permit or lease. The easement will terminate when the prospect permit and lease expires or terminates.

(f)  This section is cumulative of the provisions of Subtitles C and D, Title 2, Natural Resources Code, relating to access to land and to the power of eminent domain. The special fund accounts established under Sections 51.401, 52.297, and 53.155 of this code may be used to compensate landowners for an easement to obtain access under this section.

Added by Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 1061, Sec. 1, eff. Aug. 31, 1987.



Section  11.0791.  Other Provisions Regarding Access To State Lands.

When a state governmental entity sells state land, the entity shall require that the state have the right of ingress and egress to remaining state land in the immediate area by an easement to a public thoroughfare.

Added by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 1499, Sec. 1.41, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  11.080.  Damages To Persons And Personalty.

When access to any land is obtained by the state under Section 11.079 of this code, the state shall be liable to the property owner to the same extent that any private easement holder would be held liable for the use of access across privately owned property.

Added by Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 1061, Sec. 2, eff. Aug. 31, 1987.



Section  11.081.  Rules.

The General Land Office of the State of Texas shall promulgate and enforce rules governing the construction, maintenance, and use of roads created by access granted under Section 11.079 of this code.

Added by Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 1061, Sec. 3, eff. Aug. 31, 1987.



Section  11.082.  Notice To School Land Board.

(a) A state agency or political subdivision may not formally take any action that may affect state land dedicated to the permanent school fund without first giving notice of the action to the board. Notice of the proposed action shall be delivered by certified mail, return receipt requested, addressed to the deputy commissioner of the asset management division of the General Land Office on or before the state agency's or political subdivision's formal initiation of the action.

(b)  The notice must:

(1)  describe the proposed action;

(2)  state the location of the permanent school fund land to be affected; and

(3)  describe any foreseeable impact or effect of the state agency's or political subdivision's action on the permanent school fund land.

(c)  An action taken by a state agency or political subdivision without the notice required by Subsection (a) of this section that affects state land dedicated to the permanent school fund is not effective as to permanent school fund land affected by the action.

(d)  In this section:

(1)  "Action" means:

(A)  formal adoption of an agency or political subdivision policy;

(B)  final adoption of an administrative rule;

(C)  issuance of findings of fact or law;

(D)  issuance of an administrative order in an administrative hearing; or

(E)  adoption of a local ordinance or resolution.

(2)  "Board" means the School Land Board.

(3)  "Initiation" means the commencement of the first phase of public consideration of a formal policy, rule, or ordinance, or a hearing undertaken by a state agency or political subdivision that is intended to result in final adoption of a formal policy, rule, or ordinance.

(4)  "Political subdivision" means a county, public school district, or special-purpose district or authority.

(5)  "State agency" means:

(A)  a department, commission, board, office, bureau, council, or other agency in the executive branch of state government other than the Texas Department of Transportation and the Railroad Commission of Texas; or

(B)  a university system or an institution of higher education as defined in Section 61.003, Education Code.

Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 991, Sec. 7, eff. Sept. 1, 1993.



Section  11.083.  Retention Of Mineral Rights.

The state shall retain the mineral rights to state land that is sold unless it is impractical to do so.

Added by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 1499, Sec. 1.42, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  11.084.  School Land Board Approval Of Patent For Interest In Land Released By State.

(a) The School Land Board may approve a tract of land for patenting to release all or part of the state's interest in land, excluding mineral rights, if the board:

(1)  finds that:

(A)  the land is surveyed, unsold, permanent school fund land according to the records of the land office;

(B)  the land is not patentable under the law in effect before January 1, 2002; and

(C)  the person claiming title to the land:

(i)  holds the land under color of title;

(ii)  holds the land under a chain of title that originated on or before January 1, 1952;

(iii)  acquired the land without actual knowledge that title to the land was vested in the State of Texas;

(iv)  has a deed to the land recorded in the appropriate county; and

(v)  has paid all taxes assessed on the land and any interest and penalties associated with any period of tax delinquency; and

(2)  unanimously approves the release of the state's interest.

(b)  This section does not apply to:

(1)  beach land, submerged or filled land, or islands; or

(2)  land that has been determined to be state-owned by judicial decree.

(c)  This section may not be used to:

(1)  resolve boundary disputes; or

(2)  change the mineral reservation in an existing patent.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 310, Sec. 1, eff. Nov. 6, 2001.



Section  11.085.  Procedure For Applying For Patent For Interest In Land Released By State.

(a) A person claiming title to land may apply for a patent under Section 11.084 by filing with the commissioner an application on a form prescribed by the commissioner. The claimant must attach to the application all documentation necessary to support the claimant's request for a patent.

(b)  The land office shall review the claimant's application to determine whether the claimant substantially meets the criteria for issuance of a patent under Section 11.084.

(c)  If the land office determines that the application is complete for consideration by the board, the commissioner shall convene the board to determine whether a patent is to be issued under Section 11.084.

(d)  The commissioner may adopt rules as necessary to administer Section 11.084 and this section.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 310, Sec. 1 eff. Nov. 6, 2001.



Section 11.086.  Confidentiality Of Certain Information Related To Purchase, Sale, Or Development Of Real Property.

(a) Information relating to the development, location, purchase price, or sale price of real property developed, purchased, or sold by or for the School Land Board, Veterans' Land Board, land office, or commissioner under authority granted by this code, including a contract provision related to the development, purchase, or sale of the property, is confidential and exempt from disclosure under Chapter 552, Government Code, until all deeds for the property that are applicable to the transaction or series of related transactions are executed and until all substantive performance or executory requirements of applicable contracts have been satisfied.  Information that is confidential and exempted from disclosure under this subsection includes an appraisal, completed report, evaluation, or investigation conducted for the purpose of locating or determining the purchase or sale price of the property, or any report prepared in anticipation of developing, purchasing, or selling real property.

(b)  Information that is confidential and excluded from disclosure under Subsection (a) is not subject to a subpoena directed to the School Land Board, Veterans' Land Board, land office, commissioner, attorney general, or governor.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1317, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001. Renumbered from Sec. 11.084 and amended by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 532, Sec. 1, eff. June 20, 2003; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1275, Sec. 2(111), eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 381, Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.


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