Law:Title 2. Corporations (Texas)

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Chapter 20. General Provisions

Section  20.001.  Requirement That Filing Instrument Be Signed By Officer.

Unless otherwise provided by this title, a filing instrument of a corporation must be signed by an officer of the corporation.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 182, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 2006.



Section  20.002.  Ultra Vires Acts.

(a) Lack of capacity of a corporation may not be the basis of any claim or defense at law or in equity.

(b)  An act of a corporation or a transfer of property by or to a corporation is not invalid because the act or transfer was:

(1)  beyond the scope of the purpose or purposes of the corporation as expressed in the corporation's certificate of formation; or

(2)  inconsistent with a limitation on the authority of an officer or director to exercise a statutory power of the corporation, as that limitation is expressed in the corporation's certificate of formation.

(c)  The fact that an act or transfer is beyond the scope of the expressed purpose or purposes of the corporation or is inconsistent with an expressed limitation on the authority of an officer or director may be asserted in a proceeding:

(1)  by a shareholder or member against the corporation to enjoin the performance of an act or the transfer of property by or to the corporation;

(2)  by the corporation, acting directly or through a receiver, trustee, or other legal representative, or through members in a representative suit, against an officer or director or former officer or director of the corporation for exceeding that person's authority; or

(3)  by the attorney general to:

(A)  terminate the corporation;

(B)  enjoin the corporation from performing an unauthorized act; or

(C)  enforce divestment of real property acquired or held contrary to the laws of this state.

(d)  If the unauthorized act or transfer sought to be enjoined under Subsection (c)(1) is being or is to be performed or made under a contract to which the corporation is a party and if each party to the contract is a party to the proceeding, the court may set aside and enjoin the performance of the contract. The court may award to the corporation or to another party to the contract, as appropriate, compensation for loss or damage resulting from the action of the court in setting aside and enjoining the performance of the contract, excluding loss of anticipated profits.

Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 182, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 2006.


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