Law:Title 10. Property And Casualty Insurance. Subtitle I. Policy Forms In General (Texas)

From Law Delta

Jump to: navigation, search

Subtitle I. Policy Forms In General

Contents

Chapter 2301. Policy Forms

Subchapter A. Policy Forms Generally

Section 2301.001.  Purpose.

The purposes of this subchapter are to:

(1)  promote the availability of insurance;

(2)  regulate the insurance forms used for lines of insurance to which this subchapter applies to ensure that the forms are not unjust, unfair, inequitable, misleading, or deceptive; and

(3)  provide regulatory procedures for the maintenance of appropriate information reporting systems.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 727, Sec. 2, eff. April 1, 2007.



Section 2301.002.  Definitions.

In this subchapter:

(1)  "Form" means an insurance policy form or a printed endorsement form.

(2)  "Residential property insurance" means insurance coverage against loss to real or tangible personal property at a fixed location that is provided through a homeowners insurance policy, including a tenants insurance policy, a condominium owners insurance policy, or a residential fire and allied lines insurance policy.

(3)  "Supporting information" means any information required by the department to be filed.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 727, Sec. 2, eff. April 1, 2007.



Section 2301.003.

  APPLICABILITY OF

Subchapter

. (a) This subchapter applies to:

(1)  an insurer to which Article 5.13 applies, other than the Texas Windstorm Insurance Association, the FAIR Plan Association, and the Texas Automobile Insurance Plan Association; and

(2)  except as provided by Subsections (c) and (d), a Lloyd's plan, reciprocal or interinsurance exchange, and county mutual insurance company with respect to the lines of insurance described by Subsection (b).

(b)  This subchapter applies to all lines of the following kinds of insurance written under an insurance policy or contract issued by an insurer authorized to engage in the business of insurance in this state:

(1)  general liability insurance;

(2)  residential and commercial property insurance, including farm and ranch insurance and farm and ranch owners insurance;

(3)  personal and commercial casualty insurance, except as provided by Section 2301.005;

(4)  medical professional liability insurance;

(5)  fidelity, guaranty, and surety bonds other than criminal court appearance bonds;

(6)  personal umbrella insurance;

(7)  personal liability insurance;

(8)  guaranteed auto protection (GAP) insurance;

(9)  involuntary unemployment insurance;

(10)  financial guaranty insurance;

(11)  inland marine insurance;

(12)  rain insurance;

(13)  hail insurance on farm crops;

(14)  personal and commercial automobile insurance;

(15)  multi-peril insurance; and

(16)  identity theft insurance issued under Chapter 706.

(c)  Section 2301.009 does not apply to a Lloyd's plan or a reciprocal or interinsurance exchange with respect to commercial property insurance.

(d)  This subchapter does not apply to a Lloyd's plan or reciprocal or interinsurance exchange with respect to inland marine insurance, rain insurance, or hail insurance on farm crops.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 727, Sec. 2, eff. April 1, 2007.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 730, Sec. 3B.071(b), eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 921, Sec. 9.071(b), eff. September 1, 2007.



Section 2301.004.  Exemption For Large Risks. Sections

2301.006, 2301.007(a) and (b), and 2301.008 do not apply to forms for use with an insured that has:

(1)  total insured property values of $5 million or more;

(2)  total annual gross revenues of $10 million or more; or

(3)  a total premium of $25,000 or more for property insurance, $25,000 or more for general liability insurance, or $50,000 or more for multiperil insurance.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 727, Sec. 2, eff. April 1, 2007.



Section 2301.005.  Regulation Of Inland Marine Forms.

The commissioner shall adopt rules governing the manner in which forms for the various classifications of risks insured under inland marine insurance, as determined by the commissioner, are regulated.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 727, Sec. 2, eff. April 1, 2007.



Section 2301.006.  Filing And Approval Of Forms.

(a) Except as provided by Section 2301.008, an insurer may not deliver or issue for delivery in this state a form for use in writing insurance described by Section 2301.003 unless the form has been filed with and approved by the commissioner.

(b)  An insurer must file the form not later than the 60th day before the date an insurer uses the form or delivers the form for use.

(c)  A filed form is approved at the expiration of 60 days after the date the form is filed unless the commissioner by order approves or disapproves the form during the 60-day period.  The commissioner's approval of a filed form constitutes a waiver of any unexpired portion of the 60-day period.

(d)  The commissioner may extend by not more than 10 days the 60-day period described by Subsection (c) during which the commissioner may approve or disapprove a form filed by an insurer.  The commissioner shall notify the insurer of the extension before the expiration of the 60-day period.

(e)  A filed form for which an extension has been granted under Subsection (d) is considered approved at the expiration of the extension period described by that subsection absent an earlier approval or disapproval of the form.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 727, Sec. 2, eff. April 1, 2007.



Section 2301.007.  Disapproval Of Forms; Withdrawal Of Approval.

(a) The commissioner may disapprove a form filed under Section 2301.006 or withdraw approval of a form if the form:

(1)  violates any law, including a rule adopted under this code; or

(2)  contains a provision or has a title or heading that is unjust or deceptive, encourages misrepresentation, or violates public policy.

(b)  For good cause shown, the commissioner may withdraw approval of a form after notice and hearing.

(c)  An order issued by the commissioner disapproving a form, or a notice of the commissioner's intention to withdraw approval of a form, must state the grounds for the disapproval or withdrawal of approval in sufficient detail to reasonably inform the insurer of those grounds.

(d)  An order of withdrawal of approval of a form takes effect on the date prescribed by the commissioner in the order.  The commissioner may not prescribe a date earlier than the 30th day after the effective date of the order, as prescribed by the commissioner.

(e)  An insurer may not use a form in this state after the commissioner disapproves the form or withdraws approval of the form.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 727, Sec. 2, eff. April 1, 2007.



Section 2301.008.  Adoption And Use Of Standard Forms.

The commissioner may adopt standard insurance policy forms, printed endorsement forms, and related forms other than insurance policy forms and printed endorsement forms, that an insurer may use instead of the insurer's own forms in writing insurance subject to this subchapter.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 727, Sec. 2, eff. April 1, 2007.



Section 2301.009.  Public Inspection Of Information.

Each filing made, and any supporting information filed, under this subchapter is open to public inspection as of the date of the filing.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 727, Sec. 2, eff. April 1, 2007.



Subchapter B. Policy Forms For Personal Automobile

INSURANCE COVERAGE AND RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY INSURANCE COVERAGE


Section 2301.051.  Definitions.

In this subchapter:

(1)  "Insurer" means an insurance company, reciprocal or interinsurance exchange, mutual insurance company, capital stock insurance company, county mutual insurance company, Lloyd's plan, or other legal entity authorized to write personal automobile insurance or residential property insurance in this state.  The term includes an affiliate, as described by this code, that is authorized to write and is writing personal automobile insurance or residential property insurance in this state.  The term does not include:

(A)  the Texas Windstorm Insurance Association;

(B)  the FAIR Plan Association; or

(C)  the Texas Automobile Insurance Plan Association.

(2)  "Personal automobile insurance" means automobile insurance coverage for the ownership, maintenance, or use of a private passenger, utility, or miscellaneous type motor vehicle, including a motor home, trailer, or recreational vehicle, that is:

(A)  owned or leased by one or more individuals; and

(B)  not primarily used for the delivery of goods, materials, or services, other than for use in farm or ranch operations.

(3)  "Residential property insurance" means insurance coverage against loss to tangible personal property or to residential real property at a fixed location that is provided through a homeowners insurance policy, including a tenants insurance policy, a condominium owners insurance policy, or a residential fire and allied lines insurance policy.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 727, Sec. 2, eff. April 1, 2007.



Section 2301.052.  Regulation Of Policy Forms And Endorsements.

(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of this code and except as provided by this section, Subchapter A applies to an insurer with respect to insurance policy forms and endorsements for personal automobile insurance and residential property insurance.

(b)  An insurer may continue to use an insurance policy form or endorsement promulgated, approved, or adopted under Article 5.06 or 5.35 before June 11, 2003, on written notification to the commissioner that the insurer will continue to use the form or endorsement.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 727, Sec. 2, eff. April 1, 2007.



Section 2301.053.  Requirements For Forms; Plain-language Requirement.

(a) Each form filed in accordance with this subchapter must comply with applicable state and federal law.

(b)  Each form for a personal automobile insurance policy must provide the coverages mandated under Subchapters C and D, Chapter 1952, unless the coverages are rejected by the named insured in the manner provided by those subchapters.

(c)  A form may not be used unless the form is written in plain language.  For purposes of this section, a form is written in plain language if:

(1)  the form achieves the minimum score established by the commissioner on the Flesch reading ease test or an equivalent test selected by the commissioner; or

(2)  at the commissioner's option, the form conforms to the language requirements in a National Association of Insurance Commissioners model act relating to plain language.

(d)  Subsection (c) does not apply to policy language that is mandated by state or federal law.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 727, Sec. 2, eff. April 1, 2007.



Section 2301.054.  Certain Contracts Or Agreements Prohibited; Revocation Of Certificate Of Authority.

(a) A contract or agreement that is not written into an application for personal automobile insurance coverage and the personal automobile insurance policy is void and violates this code.

(b)  A contract or agreement described by Subsection (a) constitutes grounds for the revocation of an insurer's certificate of authority to write personal automobile insurance in this state.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 727, Sec. 2, eff. April 1, 2007.



Section 2301.055.  Rules.

The commissioner may adopt reasonable and necessary rules to implement this subchapter.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 727, Sec. 2, eff. April 1, 2007.


Personal tools
Laws
Variants
Actions
Navigation
Toolbox