Law:Division 4. Wells, Pumping Plants, Conduits And Streams (California)
From Law Delta
Chapter 1. Joint Use Of Wells, Pumpingplants And Conduits
Article 1. Definitions
Ca Codes (wat:7000) Water Code Section 7000
7000. As used in this chapter "conduit" includes ditch, pipe line, and flume.
Article 2. Contribution Of Expenses Of Jointly Used Wells, Pumping Plants Or Conduits
Ca Codes (wat:7001-7003) Water Code Section 7001-7003
7001. When two or more persons are associated by agreement in the use of a conduit, well, or pumping plant, for the conveyance, obtaining or disposing of water, or are using such conduit, well, or pumping plant, or any part thereof, for any lawful purpose, to the construction of which they or their grantors have contributed, each is liable, in the absence of any agreement to the contrary, to the others for the reasonable expenses of maintaining and repairing the same proportionately to the use actually made of such conduit, well or pumping plant whether used in connection with irrigation or drainage.
7002. If any person neglects, after demand in writing, to pay his proportion of the expenses under the next preceding section, he is liable therefor in an action for contribution, and in any judgment obtained against him interest from the time of demand shall be included.
7003. The action authorized by this article may be brought by any or all of the parties who have contributed more than his or their just proportion of the expenses, and the plaintiff may recover, as costs, reasonable counsel fees to be fixed by the court.
Article 3. Proceeding For Declaration Of Rights In Jointly Used Wells, Pumping Plants Or Conduits
Ca Codes (wat:7005-7010) Water Code Section 7005-7010
7005. When two or more persons are using any conduit, well, or pumping plant for the conveyance of water or any part thereof for the irrigation of land or for any other lawful purpose, to the construction of which they or their grantors have contributed, and which is not under the control or management of any public agency or authority, any one or more of them may bring an action in the superior court of the county in which the conduit, well, or pumping plant, or some part thereof, is situated, for a declaration of the respective rights of the users of water in the conduit, well, or pumping plant, including a determination of the manner in which the conduit, well, or pumping plant shall be administered with respect to repair, upkeep, improvement, and otherwise.
7006. The complaint shall contain the names, if known, of all users, and if there are users whose names are unknown, a statement that they are unknown.
7007. The users other than those bringing the action shall be styled defendants.
7008. The summons shall contain the names of the parties, and an order to the defendants to appear and show cause why the determination of rights as prayed for in the complaint should not be granted. In all other particulars the summons shall be in the form of, and served in the same manner as, a summons in a civil action.
7009. The court shall determine the manner in which all improvements, repairs, maintenance and other matters relating to the conduit, well, or pumping plant shall be authorized, and thereafter no user of such conduit, well, or pumping plant may make claim for any funds expended for improvements, repairs, maintenance and otherwise except as determined by the court in said action. No authorization for such claim shall be valid except as made under the authority set forth by the decree or judgment of the court.
7010. The decree shall include a determination of the proportionate amount which all users shall contribute to the maintenance, repair, improvement and other expenses relating to the conduit, well, or pumping plant.
Chapter 3. Bridges And Conduits On Or Near Highways
Ca Codes (wat:7030-7036) Water Code Section 7030-7036
7030. As used in this chapter, "conduit" includes canal, ditch, culvert, pipeline, flume, or other appliance for conducting water.
7031. As used in this chapter, except in Section 7034, "highway" includes both state and county highways as defined by or identified in the Streets and Highways Code.
7031.5. As used in this chapter, "bridge" means a structure constructed to allow the conducting of water underneath by canal, ditch, flume or other uncovered appliance for conducting water.
7032. No conduit shall be laid, constructed, or maintained so as to obstruct any highway.
7033. Every person or public district or agency who or which initially constructs, or improves for his or its own benefit, any conduit crossing or running along any pre-existing highway, shall construct or improve such conduit in accordance with standards established by the county or State as the case may be, and at the expense of the person so constructing or improving such conduit.
7034. Bridges or conduits heretofore or hereafter constructed in a permanent manner, whether by encroachment permit or otherwise, which cross county highways and which have been constructed or brought up to county standards, and have been accepted, either formally or informally by appropriate action, shall, after such acceptance, and regardless of who constructed them, be the sole responsibility of the county, so far as maintenance, repair, improvement for the benefit of the county, reconstruction or replacement of such bridges and conduits are concerned. If any such county highways become state highways, the State shall succeed to the foregoing obligations of the county. The amendment of this section made at the 1963 Regular Session of the Legislature does not constitute a change in, but is declaratory of, the pre-existing law.
7035. Whenever any conduit for conducting water crosses a highway and no written records exist showing that the highway rights-of-way existed prior to the conduit rights-of-way, it shall be conclusively presumed that the conduit was in place and lawfully maintained prior to the highway and such conduit shall be repaired, improved for the benefit of the public agency having jurisdiction over such highway, and replaced, if necessary, by the public agency having jurisdiction over such highway, provided that usual acts of maintenance of the conduit, such as cleaning the conduit of dirt or silt, shall be performed by and at the expense of the person using the conduit. This section shall not apply to any conduit as to which Section 7034 is applicable.
7036. Any public district or private utility and any county may enter into a contract agreeing to pay and apportion between them the costs of locating, removing, repairing, or relocating any facilities owned or to be owned by either party on the roads or other property of the other in such proportion and upon such terms as the governing boards of the parties shall determine to be equitable. This section shall not supersede the provisions of this chapter.
Chapter 4. Maintenance Of Flow In Streams
Ca Codes (wat:7040-7045) Water Code Section 7040-7045
7040. The flow of water in any natural stream to the intake of any canal diverting water from the stream for any public use, or the use of any farming neighborhood may be maintained by the person in charge of the use.
7041. The flow may be maintained by restoring or repairing any break in the bank of the stream, by maintaining the banks of the stream, and by preventing by physical structure and other appropriate means any increased flow of water through any natural by-ways of water which carry or threaten to carry an increased flow of water of the stream away from the canal intake.
7042. No act authorized in this chapter when performed, shall prevent, retard or obstruct the building and maintenance thereafter of any reclamation, protection, or flood control levee.
7043. No act authorized in this chapter shall prevent the use or enlargement of any natural channel for municipal purposes or for use in connection with any artificial system of drainage, irrigation, or flood control which does not cause the flow of water in the channel at the intake of the canal to be less than the quantity of water the owners and appropriators have the right to divert into the intake.
7043.5. Only as applied to the New River in Imperial County, as used in this chapter, "use or enlargement of any natural channel for municipal purposes" includes, but is not limited to, sewage treatment and pollution prevention and the encasing and piping of the New River to protect human health and the natural environment.
7044. No act authorized in this chapter shall prevent the use or enlargement of any natural channel to convey water appropriated under the laws of this State, where the channel is designated as the means, or part of the means of conveying the water so appropriated.
7045. No acts authorized by this chapter shall limit the powers of the Department of Water Resources to accomplish in its own way the purposes of this chapter nor interfere with the construction of any flood control works in accordance with any plan of flood control adopted by the Reclamation Board.
Chapter 4.5. Stream Courses
Ca Codes (wat:7047-7048) Water Code Section 7047-7048
7047. No person may alter, divert or deflect the course of any nonnavigable stream in any surface mining dredging operation without first obtaining the approval of the board of supervisors of the county in which dredging is being done. Nothing in this section shall be construed as conflicting with the powers of the State Reclamation Board or the California Debris Commission or contractors or permittees carrying out flood control projects under authority of either board or commission.
7048. (a) The Legislature hereby finds and declares that the protection, restoration, and enhancement of urban creek channels provide potential benefits to the state by combining an effective and efficient means of flood damage reduction with the preservation and enhancement of natural environmental values. The Legislature further finds that urban creek protection, restoration, and enhancement are best undertaken by local agencies and organizations with assistance from the state. It is the intent of the Legislature, in enacting this section, to restore the ecological viability of creek environments located in predominantly urban areas, thereby enhancing aesthetic, recreational, and fish and wildlife values. (b) (1) The director may establish a program of flood damage reduction and urban creek restoration known as the Urban Streams Restoration Program. The program shall consist of both of the following components: (A) The development of the capability by the department to respond to requests from local agencies and organizations for planning and design assistance for efficient and effective urban creek protection, restoration, and enhancement. (B) To the extent that funds are provided, a process for awarding competitive grants. (2) For purposes of this section, urban creek protection, restoration, and enhancement include, but are not limited to, the maintenance of channel capacity, channel stabilization, vegetation management, and adaptive management to meet program objectives. Where appropriate, the protection, restoration, and enhancement shall utilize efficient, nonstructural low-maintenance flood protection techniques. The department shall utilize in this program its expertise in a variety of disciplines, including, but not limited to, soil bioengineering, hydrology, and plant ecology. (3) (A) The department shall maintain a balance in allocating the money annually available for grants to small urban creek restoration projects and large urban stream restoration projects, allocating not less than 35 percent to both small and large projects. For purposes of this section, "small urban creek restoration projects" are projects for which total costs, including acquisition and restoration costs, are below one million dollars ($1,000,000) and "large urban stream restoration projects" are projects for which total costs, including acquisition and restoration costs are one million dollars ($1,000,000) or more. (B) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), if an insufficient number of qualified projects are available to fully meet the allocation requirement, the department may grant funds to any project that is otherwise qualified, in order to ensure that all available funds are used efficiently. (c) In responding to requests for assistance, the department shall give priority to those projects that are being planned in conjunction with, or in lieu of, local flood control projects. The department may award grants and contracts to local agencies and organizations as provided for in the budget of the department. Participating local agencies and organizations shall follow procedures, plans, and practices that are acceptable to the department, and shall conform to guidelines established by the department that define the level of contribution and participation required by local agencies and organizations. The department shall coordinate the program with the Department of Fish and Game during the formulation of guidelines and project planning for urban creek protection, restoration, and enhancement. The department shall also consult with the Department of Fish and Game on project criteria which may include economic, environmental, and social benefits to be achieved. (d) It is the intent of the Legislature that the duties and responsibilities of the department be identified as the Urban Streams Restoration Program and be carried out by an office or staff designated for this purpose. Information on how to obtain planning, design, and financial assistance should be readily accessible to the public. (e) As used in this section, "urban creek" means a creek stream, or river that crosses built-up residential, commercial, or industrial property, or that crosses land where, in the near future, the land use will be residential, commercial, or industrial. (f) For the purposes of this section, eligible activities include, but are not limited to, the maintenance of channel capacity and stabilization of the morphological equilibrium of a natural channel for purposes of flood damage reduction, erosion control, and bank stabilization which may include nonstructural as well as structural projects. (g) The department may adopt regulations that define adaptive management for the purposes of the Urban Streams Restoration Program and establish criteria to fund projects that include adaptive management activities. (h) The department may amend or utilize existing regulations for approving competitive grants. The regulations may include, but are not limited to, an application process, grant approval criteria, and grantee's reporting requirements. The department shall annually make available to the public, in a form that is readily accessible, information regarding the status of funds appropriated for these purposes and projects that received grants.
Chapter 5. Cuts In Banks Of Streams
Ca Codes (wat:7050-7051) Water Code Section 7050-7051
7050. Every person owning or occupying lands upon the bank of any stream where the lands lying back of the stream are lower than the bank, is responsible for all damages sustained by the owners or occupants of lower lands by reason of any cut or embrasure made in the bank of the stream by the owner or occupant of the bank.
7051. If the cuts were made for the purpose of irrigation, and headgates and culverts were installed which competent persons consider sufficient to restrain the water, and if great diligence was used to prevent damage, these facts may be pleaded and proved in mitigation of damages.
Chapter 6. Use Of Streams As Conduits
Ca Codes (wat:7075) Water Code Section 7075
7075. Water which has been appropriated may be turned into the channel of another stream, mingled with its water, and then reclaimed; but in reclaiming it the water already appropriated by another shall not be diminished.