Law:Division 4. Automated Teller Machines: User Safety (California)
From Law Delta
13000. It is the intent of the Legislature in enacting this division to enhance the safety of consumers using automated teller machines in California without discouraging the siting of automated teller machines in locations convenient to consumers' homes and workplaces. Since decisions concerning safety at automated teller machine sites are inherently subjective and because safety is a relative matter, the Legislature intends to establish as the standard of care applicable to operators of automated teller machines, in connection with user safety, the substantial compliance with the objective standards of Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 13040), the information requirements of Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 13050), and the good faith consideration of other safety issues as prescribed in Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 13030). The Legislature further recognizes the need for uniformity as to the establishment of automated teller machine safety standards and intends with this division to supersede and preempt any rule, regulation, code, statute, or ordinance of any city, county, city and county, municipality, or local agency regarding customer safety at automated teller machines in California.
13020. As used in this division: (a) "Access area" means any paved walkway or sidewalk which is within 50 feet of an automated teller machine. The term does not include publicly maintained sidewalks or roads, as defined in Section 555 or Section 527 of the Vehicle Code. (b) "Access device" shall have the same meaning as set forth in Federal Reserve Board Regulation E (12 C.F.R. Part 205), promulgated pursuant to the Electronic Fund Transfer Act (15 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.). (c) "Automated teller machine" means any electronic information processing device located in California which accepts or dispenses cash in connection with a credit, deposit, or convenience account. The term does not include devices used solely to facilitate check guarantees or check authorizations, or which are used in connection with the acceptance or dispensing of cash on a person-to-person basis, such as by a store cashier. (d) "Candlefoot power" means the light intensity of candles on a horizontal plane at 36 inches above ground level and five feet in front of the area to be measured. (e) "Control" of an access area or defined parking area means to have the present authority to determine how, when, and by whom it is to be used, and how it is to be maintained, lighted, and landscaped. (f) "Customer" means a natural person to whom an access device has been issued for personal, family, or household use. (g) "Defined parking area" means that portion of any parking area open for customer parking which is (1) contiguous to an access area with respect to an automated teller machine; (2) regularly, principally, and lawfully used for parking by users of the automated teller machine while conducting automated teller machine transactions during hours of darkness; and (3) owned or leased by the operator of the automated teller machine or owned or controlled by the party leasing the automated teller machine site to the operator. The term does not include any parking area which is not open or regularly used for parking by users of the automated teller machine who are conducting automated teller machine transactions during hours of darkness. A parking area is not open if it is physically closed to access or if conspicuous signs indicate that it is closed. If a multiple level parking area satisfies the conditions of this subdivision and would therefore otherwise be a defined parking area, only the single parking level deemed by the operator of the automated teller machine to be the most directly accessible to the users of the automated teller machine shall be a defined parking area. (h) "Hours of darkness" means the period that commences 30 minutes after sunset and ends 30 minutes before sunrise. (i) "Operator" means any bank, savings association, credit union, industrial loan company, savings bank, or other business entity, or any person who operates an automated teller machine.
Location and Installation
13030. On or before July 1, 1991, with respect to all existing installed automated teller machines in this state, and any automated teller machines installed after July 1, 1991, the operator shall adopt procedures for evaluating the safety of the automated teller machine. These procedures shall include a consideration of the following: (a) The extent to which the lighting for the automated teller machine complies or will comply with the standards required by Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 13040). (b) The presence of landscaping, vegetation, or other obstructions in the area of the automated teller machine, the access area, and the defined parking area. (c) The incidence of crimes of violence in the immediate neighborhood of the automated teller machine, as reflected in the records of the local law enforcement agency and of which the operator has actual knowledge.
13031. It is not the intent of the Legislature in enacting this chapter to impose a duty to relocate or modify automated teller machines upon the occurrence of any particular events or circumstances, but rather to establish a standard of good faith for the evaluation of all automated teller machines as provided herein.
13040. (a) Each operator of an automated teller machine installed on or after July 1, 1991, shall comply with Section 13041 commencing on the date the automated teller machine is installed. Compliance with Section 13041 by operators as to automated teller machines existing as of July 1, 1991, shall be optional until July 1, 1993, and mandatory thereafter. This subdivision shall apply to an operator of an automated teller machine only to the extent that the operator controls the access area or defined parking area to be lighted. (b) If an access area or a defined parking area is not controlled by the operator of the automated teller machine, and if the person who leased the automated teller machine site to the operator controls the access area or defined parking area, the person who controls the access area or defined parking area shall comply with Section 13041 as to any automated teller machine installed on or after July 1, 1991, commencing on the date the automated teller machine is installed; and as to any automated teller machine existing as of July 1, 1991, no later than on July 1, 1993.
13041. The operator, owner, or other person responsible therefor, shall provide lighting during hours of darkness with respect to an open and operating automated teller machine and any defined parking area, access area, and the exterior of an enclosed automated teller machine installation according to the following standards: (a) There shall be a minimum of 10 candlefoot power at the face of the automated teller machine and extending in an unobstructed direction outward five feet. (b) There shall be a minimum of two candlefoot power within 50 feet from all unobstructed directions from the face of the automated teller machine. In the event the automated teller machine is located within 10 feet of the corner of the building and the automated teller machine is generally accessible from the adjacent side, there shall be minimum of two candlefoot power along the first 40 unobstructed feet of the adjacent side of the building. (c) There shall be a minimum of two candlefoot power in that portion of the defined parking area within 60 feet of the automated teller machine.
13050. Customers receiving access devices shall be furnished by the respective issuers thereof with notices of basic safety precautions which customers should employ while using an automated teller machine. This information shall be furnished by personally delivering or by mailing the information to each customer whose mailing address as to the account to which the access device relates is in this state. This information shall be furnished with respect to access devices issued on or after July 1, 1991, at or before the time the customer is furnished with his or her access device. With respect to a customer to whom an "accepted access device" (as defined in Federal Reserve Board Regulation E) has been issued prior to July 1, 1991, the information shall be delivered or mailed to the customer on or before December 31, 1991. Only one notice need be furnished per household, and if access devices are furnished to more than one customer for a single account or set of accounts or on the basis of a single application or other request for the access devices, only a single notice need be furnished in satisfaction of the notification responsibilities as to all those customers. The information may be included with other disclosures related to the access device furnished to the customer, such as with any initial or periodic disclosure statement furnished pursuant to the Electronic Fund Transfer Act.
13060. The provisions of this division shall not apply with respect to any automated teller machine which is: (a) Located inside of a building, unless it is a freestanding installation which exists for the sole purpose of providing an enclosure for the automated teller machine. (b) Located inside of a building, except to the extent a transaction can be conducted from outside the building. (c) Located in any area, including any access area, building, enclosed space, or parking area which is not controlled by the operator.
Effect of Compliance
13070. This division supersedes and preempts all rules, regulations, codes, statutes, or ordinances of all cities, counties, cities and counties, municipalities, and local agencies regarding customer safety at automated teller machines located in California.