Law:Division 11.5. Refunding Act Of 1984 For 1915 Improvement Act Bonds (California)

From Law Delta

Jump to: navigation, search

Contents

Chapter 1. General Provisions And Definitions

Ca Codes (shc:9500-9519.5) Streets And Highways Code Section 9500-9519.5



9500. This division shall be known and may be cited as the "Refunding Act of 1984 for 1915 Improvement Act Bonds."


9501. The procedures of this division are an alternative to Division 11 (commencing with Section 9000) which relates to the refunding of bonds under the Improvement Bond Act of 1915.


9502. It is hereby declared that it is a public purpose for a local agency to issue refunding bonds for the purposes set forth in this division and to invest and reinvest the proceeds thereof, and any other funds legally available therefor, for the purposes set forth herein.


9503. The legislative body of any city in this state may issue refunding bonds and refund outstanding bonds issued either under the Improvement Bond Act of 1915 (Division 10 (commencing with Section 8500)) or under this division, under and subject to this division, and may provide for the extension of the liens of assessments and the levy and collection of assessments and reassessments to pay the refunding bonds. All or any portion of any bond issue authorized for refunding by this section may be refunded pursuant to this section.


9504. It is the intention of this division that the outstanding bonds and the original assessments shall remain in full force and effect and secured by the original assessments until superseded and supplanted by reassessments and refunding bonds validly and legally issued pursuant to this division, at which time the reassessments shall become the security for the refunding bonds and the refunding escrow shall become the security for any outstanding bonds not exchanged for refunding bonds.


9505. Any action or determination made necessary by reason of state or federal constitutional requirements or otherwise, or any action or determination which is convenient in the making of the reassessment, or in the refunding and reassessment proceedings, which is not expressly set forth in this division is hereby authorized and the same when made shall be valid and sufficient.


9506. Any city may retain or employ any qualified person to perform any work or perform any services provided for or authorized by this division or in connection with the refunding of any indebtedness authorized to be refunded under this division.


9507. The incidental expenses of any refunding and reassessment authorized by this division, including the designated costs of issuing the refunding bonds, as defined and determined pursuant to Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 9600), may be paid from the proceeds of sale of the refunding bonds or from contributions and appropriations made pursuant to Section 9510.


9508. Subject to Section 9509, when proceedings are commenced under this division, only this division shall apply.


9509. A reassessment proceeding under this division may be conducted concurrently with proceedings under any other applicable reassessment law and all resolutions, notices, reports, and other documents and proceedings required by each law may be consolidated into single instruments.


9510. Contributions and appropriations may be made at the times and in the manner provided in Article 2 (commencing with Section 9125) of Chapter 3 of Division 11, the terms of which are hereby referred to and incorporated herein by reference.


9511. This division does not affect any other act or acts now existing or which may hereafter be passed covering the same subject matter, nor apply to any proceedings thereunder, but is intended to and does provide an alternative system for the refunding of bonds.


9512. The remedies provided for the enforcement of any reassessment levied under the provisions of this division are not exclusive and additional remedies may be provided at any time.


9513. The curative clauses of this division are cumulative and each of them is to be given full force and effect.


9514. This division and all of its provisions shall be liberally construed in order that its purposes may be made effective.


9515. In the event of a foreclosure or action to quiet title, process shall be served upon the same person or persons as in other cases of suits against the city.


9516. The purchaser, whether at a tax collector's sale or at a resale by the city in the event of the city having become the purchaser, or at a foreclosure sale by order of court, takes the property subject to all unpaid reassessment installments, interest, and penalties under the same proceeding.


9517. Unless the particular provision or the context otherwise requires, the definitions contained in the Improvement Bond Act of 1915 shall govern the construction of this division. The term "act," as used in this division, means the Improvement Bond Act of 1915.


9518. Any surplus remaining in the improvement fund for the assessment district, after completion of the improvements and the payment of all claims, may be used as a credit upon the reassessment in the manner provided in Section 10427.1 or as otherwise provided in Section 10427.


9519. Any balance remaining in the special reserve fund for the bonds to be refunded at the time of the issuance of the refunding bonds shall be used to retire the bonds to be refunded as provided in Section 8885.

9519.5. Sections 8571.3 and 8769 are applicable to this division.


Chapter 2. Reassessment Proceedings

Ca Codes (shc:9520-9548) Streets And Highways Code Section 9520-9548



9520. Except as it may otherwise have determined pursuant to Section 8571.3, the legislative body of any city which has issued bonds which are outstanding under the act may, at any time, determine by resolution that the public interest or necessity requires the refunding of the issue of bonds, and declare its intention to refund the bonds and to levy reassessments as security for the refunding bonds.


9521. Two or more issues of bonds issued under the act may be refunded in one proceeding under this division and only one issue of refunding bonds issued therefor, to be secured by all of the reassessments levied in lieu of the original assessments.


9522. The proceedings for refunding two or more issues of bonds shall follow as nearly as may be the procedure for the refunding of one issue, with the modifications and changes in the resolutions, notices, reassessment list, bonds, auditor's report, summons, complaints, and all other proceedings as may be necessary or convenient in carrying through the proceedings, and the legislative body conducting the proceedings is hereby granted full jurisdiction, power, and authority to refund two or more issues of bonds issued under the act in one proceeding under this division and with only one issue of refunding bonds secured by all of the reassessments and to perform all acts, take all steps and proceedings, provide all notices, and do all acts and things necessary or convenient for the refunding that are not prohibited by the United States Constitution or the California Constitution.


9523. The resolution referred to in Section 9520 shall direct a qualified person retained or employed pursuant to Section 9506 to prepare and file with the city clerk a report containing the following: (a) A schedule setting forth the unpaid principal and interest on the bonds to be refunded and the total amounts thereof. (b) The total estimated principal amount of the reassessment and of the refunding bonds and the maximum interest rate thereon, together with an estimate of cost of the reassessment and of issuing the refunding bonds, including all costs of issuing the refunding bonds, as defined by subdivision (a) of Section 9600. (c) The auditor's record kept pursuant to Section 8682 showing the schedule of principal installments and interest on all unpaid original assessments and the total amounts thereof. (d) The estimated amount of each reassessment, identified by reassessment number corresponding to the reassessment number on the reassessment diagram, together with a proposed auditor's record for the reassessment prepared in the manner described in Section 8682. (e) A reassessment diagram showing the assessment district and the boundaries and dimensions of the subdivisions of land within the district. Each subdivision, including each separate condominium interest as defined in Section 783 of the Civil Code, shall be given a separate number upon the diagram.


9524. When the report provided for in Section 9523 is filed with the clerk, the clerk shall present it to the legislative body for consideration. The legislative body may modify it in any respect. The report as modified shall stand as the report for the purpose of all subsequent proceedings, except that it may be confirmed, modified, or corrected as provided in this chapter.


9525. (a) If the legislative body finds that all of the following conditions are satisfied, it may approve and confirm the report prepared pursuant to Section 9523 and proceed to authorize, issue, and sell refunding bonds pursuant to Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 9600): (1) That each estimated annual installment of principal and interest on the reassessment, as set forth pursuant to subdivision (d) of Section 9523, is less than the corresponding annual installment of principal and interest on the portion of the original assessment being superseded and supplanted, as set forth in subdivision (c) of Section 9523, by the same percentage for all subdivisions of land within the district. Any amount added to the annual installments on the reassessment due to a delinquency in payment on the original assessment need not be considered in this calculation. (2) That the number of years to maturity of all refunding bonds is not more than the number of years to the last maturity of the bonds being refunded. (3) That the principal amount of the reassessment on each subdivision of land within the district is less than the unpaid principal amount of the portion of the original assessment being superseded and supplanted by the same percentage for each subdivision of land within the district. Any amount added to a reassessment because of a delinquency in payment on the original assessment need not be considered in this calculation. (b) Any reassessment that is approved and confirmed pursuant to this section shall not be deemed to be an assessment within the meaning of, and may be ordered without compliance with the procedural requirements of, Article XIII D of the California Constitution.


9526. If the legislative body is unable to make the findings required by Section 9525, it may proceed with refunding and reassessment by preliminarily approving the report and by fixing a time and place for hearing on the report and on the proposed refunding and reassessment.


9527. Notice of the hearing shall be given by publication, pursuant to Section 6062a of the Government Code, in a newspaper of general circulation published in the city or, if there is no newspaper published in the city, then in a newspaper of general circulation published in the county in which the city is located, and by mailing in the time and manner required by Section 10306; or, if the reassessment will not be in the same or lesser amount than the original assessments, in the manner set forth in Section 54954.6 of the Government Code. The notice shall set forth the fact and date of the adoption of the resolution of intention and of the filing of the report and all of the following: (a) A statement of the time, place, and purpose of the hearing on the resolution of intention and report. (b) A statement of the total estimated cost of the proposed reassessment and refunding. (c) The amount, as shown by the report, to be reassessed against the particular parcel covered by the notice. (d) A statement that any person interested may file a protest in writing as provided in this division. (e) A reference to the resolution of intention and report on file in the office of the city clerk for particulars. Any consents of landowners required by the state or federal constitutions shall be obtained in the time, form, and manner required by Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 9180) of Division 11, the terms of which are hereby referred to and incorporated herein by reference.

9528. Any person interested in any of the property to be reassessed may file a written protest against the proposed refunding or the amount reassessed against that person's or any other property, as shown in the statement, at, or at any time prior to, the time fixed for the hearing on the refunding and assessment. The protest shall specifically set forth the nature thereof. Failure to file a written protest shall be a waiver of any right which the person may have or claim.

9529. Any person who files a protest shall have full opportunity to be heard thereon.


9530. At the time and place fixed for the hearing, the legislative body shall hear any complaints or objections that may be made concerning the proposed refunding, the amount of unpaid assessments, or the amounts of proposed reassessments as to any of the parcels of land to be reassessed.


9531. At the hearing, no objections to the regularity of the proceedings with reference to the making of the improvements or the validity or the amount of any assessment levied in the original proceedings shall be considered. All other objections to any reassessment shall be deemed waived unless presented at the time and in the manner specified in this chapter.


9532. The determination of the legislative body upon all objections or protests shall be final and conclusive.


9533. The hearing may be continued from time to time by order entered in the minutes, but shall be concluded within 30 days from the date originally fixed.

9534. At the hearing, the legislative body may review and correct the amount of any reassessments upon any parcel of land.


9534.5. If the legislative body finds that protests against the proposed refunding or the proposed reassessments are signed by the owners of more than one-half of the area of the land proposed for reassessment, all further proceedings under the resolution of intention to refund are barred, and no new resolution of intention for the same refunding may be passed within six months after the decision of the legislative body on the hearing, unless the protests are overruled by an affirmative vote of four-fifths of the members of the legislative body. The legislative body may confirm, modify, or correct the proposed assessment.

9535. At the conclusion of the hearing, in the absence of a majority protest pursuant to Section 9534.5, the report and the reassessment as originally made, or as reviewed and corrected, shall be approved and confirmed by resolution entered upon the minutes.


9536. When the reassessment, as made or as reviewed and corrected, has been confirmed by the legislative body, it shall be recorded in the office of the superintendent of streets.


9537. When recorded with the superintendent of streets and upon compliance with the provisions of Division 4.5 (commencing with Section 3100), the reassessment shall become a lien upon the various parcels of land assessed.

9538. Except as otherwise provided in this section and in Sections 9546, 9547, and 9548, assessments originally levied, and all penalties and interest accrued thereon, which are included within the reassessments, shall be deemed superseded and supplanted by the reassessments. If, and to the extent that, the reassessments do not include unpaid installments of assessments originally levied and the penalties and interest thereon, the lien of the original assessments is not superseded and supplanted. For purposes of this section and Section 9539, "unpaid installments" means those installments which are delinquent and those which are or may be posted to the tax roll for the fiscal year during which the reassessment is confirmed.


9539. Except as provided in Section 9548, the lien of the reassessments shall be given superiority and priority as of the date that the original assessments became a lien upon the property reassessed. The lien of unpaid installments of the assessments originally levied and the penalties and interest thereon, and the lien of any remaining portion of the original assessments not securing refunded bonds, are equal in priority to the lien of the reassessments.

9540. Reassessments and each installment thereof and the interest and penalties thereon shall be a lien against the parcels of land on which made until the same are paid, but for a period not exceeding the time within which an action might be brought on the last series of refunding bonds issued upon the security of the unpaid reassessments.


9541. Unmatured installments, interest, and penalties on unpaid reassessments shall not be deemed to be within the terms of any general warranty of title as to any parcel against which a reassessment is made.


9542. When refunding bonds are issued, the reassessments and any reassessments which may be issued thereon or in lieu thereof, together with interest thereon, shall remain and constitute a trust fund for the redemption and payment of the refunding bonds and the interest thereon.


9543. A copy of the resolution of the legislative body confirming the reassessments upon the security of which the refunding bonds are issued shall be filed in the office of the auditor.


9544. The auditor shall keep a record in his office showing the several installments of principal and interest on the reassessments which are to be collected in each year during the term of the bonds.


9545. The reassessments and interest thereon shall be collected on the assessment roll and are subject to reassessment, amendment, and prepayment, and are otherwise subject to all of the provisions of the act in the same manner and subject to the same remedies on default and to the payment of interest and penalties on the enforcement thereof as were the original assessments which were superseded and replaced by the reassessments. For these purposes, the applicable provisions of Parts 8, 9, 10, 10.5, 11, 11.1, 13, 14, and 15 of Division 10 are hereby referred to and incorporated herein by reference.

9546. The legislative body of any city which has issued bonds which are outstanding under this division, the original authorized aggregate principal amount of which was less than the aggregate principal amount of the original assessment which was levied as security therefor, and which intends to issue additional bonds to be secured by that original assessment to provide for and finance the construction and installation of further improvements, may, at any time, determine by resolution that the public interest or necessity requires the refunding of the bonds which are outstanding, the levy of a reassessment as security for the refunding bonds, and the continuation of the original assessment as to the unpaid principal amount thereof which shall be security for the additional bonds to be issued, and may declare its intention to so proceed by a resolution adopted pursuant to Section 9520. The resolution shall, in addition to declaring the intention of the legislative body to refund the bonds which are outstanding and to levy reassessments as security for the refunding bonds, also declare the intention of the legislative body to issue additional bonds on the basis of the original assessment and to continue the original assessment in an amount sufficient to provide security for the additional bonds to be issued. The resolution shall require that the report prepared pursuant to Section 9523 contain the unpaid principal amount of each original assessment in excess of the amount thereof which will be superseded and supplanted by the principal amount of the corresponding reassessment, which shall be security for the additional bonds to be issued.

9547. If the legislative body elects to proceed pursuant to Section 9546, Sections 9523 to 9545, inclusive, shall apply to the reassessments to be levied. Upon confirming the reassessment, the legislative body shall, in the resolution adopted pursuant to Section 9535, order that the lien of the original assessment continue as to the portion of the unpaid principal amount thereof which will be security for the additional bonds which are to be issued on the basis thereof.

9548. If the legislative body elects to proceed pursuant to Section 9546, upon confirmation of the reassessment as provided in Section 9535 and in compliance with Sections 9536 and 9537, the lien of the reassessment supersedes and supplants the lien of the original assessment as to the portion of the unpaid principal amount thereof which was security for the bonds which are to be refunded, but the lien of the original assessment continues as to the portion of the unpaid principal amount thereof which is security for the additional bonds which are to be issued on the basis thereof until the expiration of four years after the due date of the last installment on the reassessment. The lien of the reassessment and the lien of the continued portion of the original assessment have equal priority as to the date the original assessment became a lien upon the property assessed. The notice of reassessment filed pursuant to Section 3114 shall be entitled "Notice of Reassessment and Continuation of Assessment" and shall specify the relationship between the reassessment and the continuing amount of the original assessment.


Chapter 3. Issuance Of Refunding Bonds

Ca Codes (shc:9600-9622) Streets And Highways Code Section 9600-9622



9600. In this chapter, the following terms are used with the following meanings: (a) "Costs of issuing refunding bonds" means those of the following costs and expenses which are designated by the legislative body in the resolution providing for the issuance of the bonds. (1) All expenses incident to the calling, retiring, or paying of the bonds to be refunded and to the issuance of refunding bonds, including, but not limited to, any bond counsel, financial consultants, underwriters, certified public accountants, and rating agency fees, printing and advertising costs, city administrative expenses, and the charges of any escrow agent or trustee in connection with the issuance of the refunding bonds or in connection with the redemption or retirement of the bonds to be refunded. (2) Interest upon the refunding bonds from the September 2 next preceding the date of sale thereof to not later than the September 2 next succeeding two years from the date. (3) Any accrued and unpaid interest on the bonds to be refunded. (4) Any premium necessary in the calling or retiring of the bonds to be refunded. (5) Any amount that the city pays or transfers, or has previously paid or transferred, either from a special reserve fund or from surplus funds, into the redemption fund securing the bonds to be refunded and the penalties and interest thereon, if the amounts and the penalties and interest thereon are included in and limited to the particular reassessments levied upon those subdivisions of land securing the original assessment installments which are delinquent and for which the payments or transfers are made. (b) "Designated costs of issuing the refunding bonds" means whichever of the items specified in paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4), and (5) of subdivision (a) which are designated by the legislative body in the resolution providing for the issuance of refunding bonds. (c) "Federal securities" means those securities described in Sections 1360 and 1360.1 of the Financial Code and includes United States Treasury notes, bonds, bills, or certificates of indebtedness, or obligations for which the faith and credit of the United States are pledged for the payment of principal and interest, including the guaranteed portions of small business administration loans, so long as the loans are obligations for which the faith and credit of the United States are pledged for the payment of principal and interest.


9601. The legislative body shall provide for the issuance of the refunding bonds by resolution.


9601.5. Section 8769 shall apply to bonds issued pursuant to this division in the County of San Bernardino.


9602. The refunding bonds shall be issued in a principal amount equal to the total principal amount of the reassessment as approved and confirmed by the legislative body pursuant to either Section 9525 or Section 9535.

9603. The refunding bonds shall represent and be secured by the reassessments and any later reassessments which may be levied or issued upon the same property in lieu of the reassessments.


9604. Refunding bonds issued pursuant to this division shall comply with the following requirements which shall be set forth in the resolution adopted pursuant to Section 9601: (a) Bonds shall be in the fully registered form and of the denominations as the legislative body may determine. (b) The bonds shall be dated on or after the date of the recording of the reassessment. (c) Bonds shall be signed by the treasurer and the clerk, except that the legislative body may, by order, authorize the use of bonds with an engraved, printed, or lithographed signature of the treasurer and the clerk in lieu of a signature by hand. The legislative body may also authorize its seal to be placed on the bonds in a similar manner. (d) Bonds shall be numbered appropriately and shall bear interest and mature as provided in the contract with the bond purchasers.


9605. All of the refunding bonds shall mature on September 2.


9606. In no event shall the first maturity of any refunding bonds be earlier than the second day of September next succeeding 12 months after the date of the bonds.


9607. The last maturity of any refunding bonds shall not exceed 39 years from the second day of September next succeeding 12 months after the date of the bonds.


9607.5. For refunding bonds issued in the County of San Bernardino, the last maturity of any of these bonds shall not exceed the longest maturity currently authorized for bonds by the law pursuant to which the bonds to be refunded were issued.


9608. The rate of interest on refunding bonds shall not exceed the rate set forth in the resolution of intention adopted pursuant to Section 9520.

9609. The interest on refunding bonds shall be payable on March 2, and September 2, respectively, of each year.


9610. The first interest payment on the bonds shall be March 2 next preceding the second day of September next succeeding 12 months after the date of the bonds, except that, if any portion of the interest is funded, the legislative body may specify that the first payment of interest shall become due on any earlier interest payment date following the date of the bonds.


9611. Refunding bonds and the interest thereon shall be paid at the office of the treasurer or at any other place as is set forth in the bonds.

9612. Each bond shall be conclusive evidence of the regularity of all proceedings for the levy of reassessments and the issuance of the refunding bonds and of the validity of said bonds and of all proceedings of which the bonds refunded were conclusive evidence.


9613. Refunding bonds issued pursuant to this chapter may be exchanged for the bonds to be refunded on any basis the legislative body determines is for the benefit of the city if the bondholders consent to the exchange. As an alternative to exchanging the refunding bonds for the bonds to be refunded, the legislative body may sell the refunding bonds at public or private sale and at a price at or below par or with a premium. The proceeds of any sale of refunding bonds for cash shall be placed in the treasury of the local agency to the credit of a fund to be established for the purpose of refunding the bonds to be refunded, and the proceeds shall be applied only as permitted by this division.


9614. The designated costs of issuing the refunding bonds may be paid by the purchaser of the refunding bonds or may be paid from any other legally available source, including the general fund of the city, other available revenues of the city under the control of the legislative body, the proceeds of sale of the refunding bonds, the interest or other gain derived from the investment of any of the proceeds of sale of the refunding bonds, any other moneys in escrow or in trust or any combination thereof as the legislative body may determine.

9615. Any proceeds of sale of any refunding bonds may be deposited in escrow or trust with any bank or trust company within or without the state, or both within and without the state, shall be secured in accordance with the laws applicable to funds of the city and shall be invested in federal securities.

9616. The proceeds and investments in escrow or trust shall be in an amount at the time of issuance of such refunding bonds which is certified by a certified public accountant licensed to practice in this state to be sufficient, together with any interest or other gain to be derived from any such investment, to pay the principal of and interest and redemption premiums, if any, on the refunded bonds as they become due or at designated dates prior to maturity (in connection with which the legislative body has exercised or has obligated itself to exercise a redemption privilege on behalf of the city), and the designated costs of issuance of the refunding bonds.


9617. Following the issuance of any refunding bonds pursuant to this article, the legislative body of the city shall provide for the payment of principal and interest thereon in the same manner and at the same times as it provides for payment of principal and interest on bonds issued pursuant to the act. The reassessments levied pursuant to this division shall be and constitute security for the payment of the refunding bonds in the same manner as the original unpaid assessments constituted security for the refunded bonds.


9618. Any outstanding refunded bonds which have been exchanged for refunding bonds shall be canceled by the city treasurer.


9619. The treasurer shall keep a register in his or her office which shall show the series, number, date, amount, rate of interest, and registered owner of each bond. The treasurer shall cancel and file each bond paid.

9620. The legislative body may provide, in the resolution authorizing the issuance of the refunding bonds, for the establishment from the proceeds of the sale of the refunding bonds of a special reserve fund for the refunding bonds pursuant to Part 16 (commencing with Section 8880) of Division 10. If the legislative body elects to establish the reserve fund, it shall provide, in the resolution adopted pursuant to Section 9520, for the inclusion of the amount of the special reserve fund in the reassessment.


9622. Notwithstanding any other provision of this part, bonds originally issued as variable rate bonds pursuant to Part 6.5 (commencing with Section 8660) may be refunded by the issuance of variable rate bonds issued pursuant to that Part 6.5. For purposes of this section and that Part 6.5 "bonds" includes "refunding bonds."



Chapter 4. Curation And Validation

Ca Codes (shc:9700-9707) Streets And Highways Code Section 9700-9707



9700. The validity of any refunding bonds issued under this division shall not be contested in any action, suit, or proceeding unless the action or proceeding is brought within 30 days after the adoption of the resolution providing for their issuance.


9701. After the reassessment has been confirmed, it shall not be contested in any way other than at the time and in the manner specified in this division, and in any action, all findings, conclusions and determinations of the legislative body which conducted the reassessment proceedings shall be conclusive in the absence of actual fraud.


9702. No defect in the form of any reassessment levied pursuant to this division and no statutory defect in any of the proceedings relating to the reassessment and refunding shall in any way invalidate any reassessment or any refunding bond.


9703. No bond, reassessment, or installment thereof, or of the interest or penalties thereon, and no certificate of sale or deed shall be held invalid for error in the computation of the proper amount due on it if the error be found to be comparatively negligible or is found to be in favor of the owner of real property affected thereby.


9704. An action to determine the validity of a reassessment and of any refunding bonds issued or to be issued thereon may be brought pursuant to Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 860) of Title 10 of Part 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure. For that purpose, the reassessment shall be deemed to be in existence upon its confirmation.


9705. If any reassessment or any refunding bond is held illegal or invalid in any action or proceeding upon any ground which would apply to the entire reassessment or the entire issue of refunding bonds, then the unpaid bonds refunded remain in full force and effect. If the unpaid bonds have been canceled, the treasurer of the city which conducted the invalid refunding or reassessment proceedings shall issue new bonds of the same tenor, force, and effect as the canceled unpaid bonds.


9706. If refunding bonds are invalidated or held to be illegal, all of the provisions of the act shall apply to the original bonds and to any bonds issued under Section 9705 to replace the original bonds.


9707. No action or proceeding to set aside, cancel, avoid, annul, or correct any reassessment levied under this division, or to review any of the proceedings, acts, or determinations made in the proceedings for the reassessment and the issuance of refunding bonds, or to question the validity of or enjoin the collection of the reassessment or any of the reassessments therein, or to enjoin the issuance of any bonds to represent reassessments, shall be maintained by any person, nor shall any person urge, plead or prove, the invalidity of any reassessment or any refunding bond in any action, unless the action is commenced within 30 days from the date of adoption of the resolution providing for the issuance of the refunding bonds.


Personal tools
Laws
Variants
Actions
Navigation
Toolbox