Law:Division 10. State Department Of Rehabilitation (California)

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Contents

Part 1. General Provisions

Chapter 1. Powers And Duties

Ca Codes (wic:19000-19020) Welfare And Institutions Code Section 19000-19020



19000. (a) The Legislature finds and declares as follows: (1) Work is a valuable and important activity, both for individuals and society, and fulfills the need of an individual to be productive, promotes independence, enhances self-esteem, and allows for participation in the mainstream of life. (2) Disability is a natural part of human experience and in no way diminishes the capacity of individuals to live independently, enjoy self-determination, make choices, contribute to society, pursue meaningful careers, and enjoy inclusion and integration in the economic, political, social, cultural, and educational mainstream of society. (3) As a group, individuals with disabilities experience staggering levels of unemployment and poverty. (4) Increased employment of, and independent living for, individuals with disabilities can be achieved by providing individualized training, independent living services, educational and support services, and meaningful opportunities for employment in integrated work settings with reasonable accommodations. (5) Individuals with disabilities, including individuals with the most severe disabilities, have demonstrated their ability to achieve gainful employment in integrated settings if appropriate services and supports are provided. (6) The provision of vocational rehabilitation services can enable individuals with disabilities, including individuals with the most severe disabilities, to pursue meaningful careers by securing gainful employment commensurate with their abilities and capabilities. (b) The purpose of this division is to assist the Department of Rehabilitation in operating comprehensive, coordinated, effective, efficient, and accountable programs of vocational rehabilitation and independent living that are designed to assess, plan, develop, and provide services for individuals with disabilities, particularly individuals with the most severe disabilities, consistent with their strengths, resources, priorities, concerns, abilities, and capabilities, so that these individuals may prepare for and engage in gainful employment and live more independently. (c) The Department of Rehabilitation's vocational rehabilitation and independent living programs shall be consistent with the national policy toward people with disabilities articulated in the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-336) and the Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1998 (Public Law 105-220). (d) It shall be the goal of the Department of Rehabilitation to provide individuals with disabilities with the tools necessary to do all of the following: (1) Make informed choices and decisions. (2) Maximize employment, independence, and economic and social self-sufficiency in the mainstream of society. (3) Achieve equality of opportunity and inclusion and integration into all aspects of society. (e) The Department of Rehabilitation's vocational rehabilitation and independent living programs, projects, and activities shall be carried out in a manner consistent with the following principles: (1) Respect for individual dignity, personal responsibility, self-determination, and pursuit of independent living and meaningful careers, based on informed choice of individuals with disabilities. (2) Respect for the privacy, rights, and equal access of individuals with disabilities, including, but not limited to, the use of accessible formats. (3) Individuals with disabilities, including individuals with the most severe disabilities, shall be generally presumed to be capable of engaging in gainful employment, and the provision of individualized vocational rehabilitation services can improve their ability to become gainfully employed. (4) Promotion of independence, inclusion, integration, and full participation of individuals with disabilities. (5) Individuals with disabilities shall be provided the opportunities to obtain competitive employment in integrated settings. (6) Individuals with disabilities shall be active participants in their own rehabilitation programs, including, but not limited to, making meaningful and informed choices about the selection of their vocational goals and objectives and the vocational rehabilitation services they receive. (7) Support for the involvement of a parent, a family member, a guardian, an advocate, or an authorized representative, if an individual with a disability requests, desires, or needs that support. (8) Individuals with disabilities and their advocates are full partners in the vocational rehabilitation and independent living programs and shall be involved on a regular basis and in a meaningful manner with respect to policy development and implementation. (9) Qualified vocational rehabilitation counselors, and other qualified personnel facilitate the accomplishment of the employment and independent living goals and objectives of an individual. (10) Accountability measures must facilitate and not impede the accomplishment of the goals and objectives of the department's programs, including providing vocational rehabilitation and independent living services to, among others, individuals with the most severe disabilities.


19001. There is in the Health and Welfare Agency the Department of Rehabilitation.


19002. The Department of Rehabilitation is under the control of an officer known as the Director of Rehabilitation. As used in this division "department" and "director" refer to the Department of Rehabilitation and the Director of Rehabilitation, respectively, unless the context otherwise requires.


19003. The director is appointed by the Governor, subject to confirmation by the Senate, and holds office at the pleasure of the Governor. The annual salary of the director is provided for by Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 11550) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code. Upon recommendation of the director, the Governor may appoint a chief deputy director of the department who shall hold office at the pleasure of the Governor. The salary of the chief deputy director shall be fixed in accordance with law.


19004. The provisions of Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 11150), Part 1, Division 3, Title 2 of the Government Code apply to the director and the director is the head of a department within the meaning of the chapter.

19005. The department is vested with all necessary powers and authority to cooperate with the government of the United States or any agency or agencies thereof in the administration of any act of Congress and rules and regulations lawfully adopted thereunder relating to individuals with disabilities or their vocational rehabilitation and independent living.


19005.1. The Department of Rehabilitation is hereby designated as the sole state agency with full power to supervise every phase of the administration of the state plan for vocational rehabilitation services. All decisions affecting eligibility for and the nature and scope of vocational rehabilitation services to be provided will be made by the department through its organizational units.


19005.5. (a) The Department of Rehabilitation shall establish a program authorizing rehabilitation professionals serving industrially injured workers under the provisions of Labor Code Section 139.5 to refer clients to the Department of Rehabilitation for federal targeted jobs tax credit eligibility determination. The Department shall set forth the specific requirements, procedures, and eligibility criteria. The Department shall not be required to certify, for purposes of the federal targeted jobs tax credit, industrially injured workers who do not meet the eligibility requirements set forth in the federal Rehabilitation Act. (b) The Department shall be authorized to collect a fee from the insurer or self-insured employer in the amount necessary to determine eligibility and to certify the industrially injured worker for this program.

19006. The department may adopt, amend, or repeal, in accordance with the provisions of the Administrative Procedure Act, such rules and regulations as may be reasonably necessary to enable it to carry out its duties and powers.

19007. The director may, with the approval of the Director of Finance, accept on behalf of, and in the name of, the state such gifts, donations, bequests, and devises as may be made to the department or to any school or other institution administered by the director or the department which in his judgment would be of benefit to the state and, if made to a school or other institution, would be of benefit to the school or other institution. Gifts, donations, bequests, and devises may be made subject to such conditions or restrictions as the director may deem advisable.


19008. To the extent resources are available, the department may utilize funds from appropriations by Congress, by gifts, grants, or reimbursements from private or public sources or by state appropriations, or both, or by transfer of funds from other state departments subject to usual budgetary controls for the purpose of establishing and operating rehabilitation programs, including an orientation center for the blind, or of providing vocational rehabilitation or independent living services including related administrative costs, or of cooperating with other public or private agencies for these purposes.


19008.5. (a) The department is authorized to solicit and accept gifts, contributions, and grants from any source, public or private, to establish, implement, and maintain an awards program. (b) (1) There is hereby established the Public Awards Fund, which is continuously appropriated, without regard to fiscal years, for the purpose of this section. (2) The director may receive contributions pursuant to this section and deposit them in the Public Awards Fund for use pursuant to subdivision (c). (3) Sections 11005 and 16302 of the Government Code shall not apply to funds under this section. (c) In order to achieve the public policy of the State of California, as specified in Section 19000, the director may present awards to those employers, architects, clients, ex-clients, disabled Californians nominated or selected for the Hall of Fame, and other persons whose superior cooperation and contributions to the employment of the handicapped deserve special recognition.


19009. No period of residence in this state is required for participation in any program administered by the department, except as required by federal law or regulations.


19009.5. No person shall have his or her rehabilitation services reduced due to the receipt of any private grants, scholarships, or awards, provided for the purpose of postsecondary education, except insofar as federal law may require service reductions due to these scholarships, grants, or awards when provided by postsecondary institutions.


19010. Pursuant to agreements the department shall cooperate with the federal government in carrying out the purposes of any federal statutes pertaining to the purposes of this division and may adopt the methods of administration found necessary by the federal government for the proper and efficient operation of the agreements or plans for vocational rehabilitation and independent living services and may comply with the conditions as may be necessary to secure the full benefits of such federal statutes.


19011. The people of the state accept the provisions and benefits of the act of Congress entitled "The Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1998 (Public Law 105-220) and any subsequent amendments thereto.


19012. In accepting the provisions and benefits of the act of Congress referred to in Section 19011, the people of the state agree to observe and comply with all of its requirements.


19013. (a) (1) The department may cooperate with other departments, agencies, and institutions, both public and private, in providing the services authorized by this division to individuals with disabilities, in studying the problems involved therein, and in establishing, developing, and providing, in conformity with the purposes of this division, such programs, facilities, and services as may be necessary or desirable. (2) Cooperation may include contracts and cost-sharing agreements, to the extent permitted by the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (P.L. 93-112), as amended, and the implementing federal regulations. (3) Within the scope of the federal Rehabilitation Act, through cooperative agreements with other public agencies, the department shall maximize the resources of each agency to better mutually serve individuals with disabilities through enhanced services. To provide these services, within the provisions of federal law, the department and other agencies shall share facilities, utilize existing eligibility and assessment information, participate in cross-training for agencies participating in cooperative programs, and engage in other cooperative activities to reduce duplication of services and to provide a new enhanced pattern of services for individuals with disabilities. (b) The department may cooperate with the State Department of Education and with the state public postsecondary education system to provide instruction, individual counseling and guidance, and related rehabilitation services for eligible students with disabilities. (c) The department may cooperate with school districts, with public secondary schools, and with the state public postsecondary education system to employ personnel to assist in the vocational orientation of students with disabilities.


19013.5. (a) In performing any rehabilitative services or in contracting with other public or private agencies for rehabilitative services, the department shall take into consideration the needs of non-English-speaking individuals with disabilities and shall provide language assistance to those individuals participating in the department's public or private rehabilitation programs. (b) To the extent funds are available, the department also shall take into consideration the needs of individuals with disabilities who rely on alternate modes of communication, such as manual communication, tactile, oral, and nonverbal communication devices, and shall provide communication assistance to those individuals participating in the department's programs.


19014. The Department of Rehabilitation and the Division of Labor Standards Enforcement shall formulate a plan of cooperation for the referral and rehabilitation of persons in industry.


19015. The department may enter into reciprocal agreements with other states to provide for the services authorized by this division to residents of the state concerned.


19016. The department may prepare and promulgate regulations and statements of policy governing the protection of records and confidential information, the manner and form of filing applications, eligibility and investigation and determination thereof, for vocational rehabilitation services, procedure for fair hearings and such other regulations and policies as are found necessary to carry out the purposes of this division.


19017. The department may conduct research and compile statistics relating to the provision of services or the need of services by individuals with disabilities.


19018. Financial need shall be considered in the furnishing or denial of services in accordance with the Federal Vocational Rehabilitation Act and regulations adopted thereunder.


19020. (a) On and after July 1, 1993, the department shall recommend to each organization or agency, the purpose of which is to provide services to individuals who are blind, that receives grants or contracts from the department, the number of blind members of the board that is appropriate to meet the needs of the community being served by that board. (b) As used in this section, "blind" means the same as defined in Section 12050 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.


Chapter 1.5. Program Managers

Ca Codes (wic:19050-19054) Welfare And Institutions Code Section 19050-19054



19050. There is in the department a program manager for the blind and visually impaired and a program manager for the deaf and hard of hearing. The program managers shall, as determined by the director, report to the deputy director of the division established pursuant to Section 19095, and shall assist in the development and coordination of policy with respect to programs for persons who are blind and visually impaired and persons who are deaf and hard of hearing.


19050.5. The program manager for the blind and visually impaired programs and the program manager for the deaf and hard-of-hearing programs shall have demonstrated experience and sensitivity in working with these disabilities.

19053. The provisions of this chapter shall be effective only to the extent permitted under federal law.


19054. The director shall appoint a Deaf Advisory Committee to advise the director on means to increase employment, enlarge economic opportunities, enhance independence and self-sufficiency, and otherwise improve services to persons who are deaf or hard of hearing. A majority of the committee members shall be deaf or hard of hearing, and other members shall have experience relating to services to the deaf or hard of hearing. The committee shall develop, in conjunction with stakeholders, an annual work plan to identify and address areas for improvement in services provided by the department to persons who are deaf or hard of hearing.



Chapter 2. Vocational Rehabilitation Federal Fund

Ca Codes (wic:19075-19092) Welfare And Institutions Code Section 19075-19092



19075. The Vocational Rehabilitation Federal Fund in the State Treasury is hereby created. All grants of money received by this state from the United States, the expenditure of which is administered under the provisions of Sections 19011 to 19013, inclusive, shall, on order of the State Controller, be deposited in the Vocational Rehabilitation Federal Fund.


19076. The State Treasurer, as required by the federal act relating to vocational rehabilitation referred to in Section 19012 shall receive and provide for the proper custody of all funds apportioned to the state under that act.

19077. The State Treasurer shall also receive and provide for the proper custody of all money appropriated by this chapter (commencing with Section 19075), of all money that may be hereafter appropriated for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this chapter, and of all money that may be received by the department under the provisions of this chapter.


19078. Money in the Vocational Rehabilitation Federal Fund shall be expended as provided by this chapter, as requisitioned by the department in carrying out the provisions of this code and the federal act relating to vocational rehabilitation.


19079. All money in the Vocational Rehabilitation Federal Fund is hereby appropriated to the department without regard to fiscal years, for expenditure for the purposes for which the money deposited therein is made available by the United States for expenditure by the state.


19080. The State Controller may approve any general plan whereby: (a) Any expenditures which are a proper charge against money made available by the United States and deposited in the Vocational Rehabilitation Federal Fund may be paid in the first instance from any appropriation from the General Fund, expenditures from which are administered under the provisions of Sections 19010 to 19012, inclusive; and (b) The General Fund shall be reimbursed for expenditures made therefrom that are a proper charge against the Vocational Rehabilitation Federal Fund. Such a general plan may provide for advance transfers from the Vocational Rehabilitation Federal Fund to the General Fund, based on estimates of such expenditures that will be subject to reimbursement from the Vocational Rehabilitation Federal Fund pursuant to such plan, and may provide for reimbursements to the Vocational Rehabilitation Federal Fund, when necessary. Requests for reimbursement or transfer pursuant to such a plan shall be furnished to the State Controller in writing by the department, accompanied by such financial statements as the plan may provide. On order of the State Controller, the required amount shall be transferred in accordance therewith.


19090. (a) Pursuant to federal law, there is a State Rehabilitation Council, that shall advise and assist the director in carrying out the vocational rehabilitation provisions of this division. (b) The membership of the council shall be appointed by the Governor and shall be composed of the representatives specified in Section 725 of Title 29 of the United States Code.


19091. (a) Pursuant to federal law, there is a State Independent Living Council, that shall advise and assist the director in carrying out the independent living provisions of this division and federal law. (b) The membership of the council shall be appointed by the Governor and shall be composed of the representatives specified in Section 796d of Title 29 of the United States Code.


19092. (a) The functions of the State Rehabilitation Council and the State Independent Living Council and terms of appointment of the members thereof shall be governed by Chapter 16 (commencing with Section 701) of Title 29 of the United States Code. (b) Members of the councils described in subdivision (a) shall be reimbursed for the actual costs of reasonable and necessary expenses, including child care and personal assistance services, incurred when attending council meetings and or performing council duties. In addition, any member who is unemployed or who is required to forfeit wages from other employment shall be compensated one hundred dollars ($100) per day for each day the member is engaged in attending council meetings and or performing duties of the council. (c) The director, in consultation with the councils, shall provide necessary staff support and assistance for the respective councils to carry out their functions.


Chapter 3. Division Of Services For The Blind And Visually Impaired And The Deaf And Hard Of Hearing

Ca Codes (wic:19095-19098.5) Welfare And Institutions Code Section 19095-19098.5



19095. (a) (1) There is hereby established in the Department of Rehabilitation a Division of Specialized Services for the Blind and Visually Impaired and the Deaf and Hard of Hearing. (2) For purposes of this chapter "division" means the division established pursuant to paragraph (1). (b) The purposes of the division shall be as follows: (1) To assist persons who are blind and visually impaired and deaf and hard of hearing in gaining competitive employment. (2) To enlarge economic opportunities for persons who are blind or visually impaired and deaf and hard of hearing. (3) To enhance the independence and self-sufficiency of blind and visually impaired and deaf and hard-of-hearing persons.


19095.5. (a) The division shall be under the direction of a deputy director, who shall be appointed by the Governor. (b) The deputy director shall have extensive background in, or knowledge of, services to the blind and visually impaired and the deaf and hard of hearing. (c) The deputy director shall report directly to the directorate of the Department of Rehabilitation and shall be a member of the department's executive management, taking part in all departmental planning and decisionmaking.


19096. (a) Commencing July 1, 2003, the division shall be charged with the administration of the following programs and services: (1) All staff within the division, including rehabilitation counselors, rehabilitation counselors for the blind, staff of the orientation center, and staff of the business enterprises program. (2) Orientation centers for the blind, provided for pursuant to Article 1 (commencing with Section 19500) of Chapter 6 of Part 2. (3) The Business Enterprise Program for the Blind, provided pursuant to Article 5 (commencing with Section 19625) of Chapter 6 of Part 2. (4) Contracts for services with organizations serving the blind and visually impaired and the deaf and hard of hearing. (5) Programs for the blind under Subchapter 7 (commencing with Section 796) of Chapter 16 of Title 29 of the United States Code. (b) The division shall also provide additional rehabilitation services to its blind and visually impaired and deaf and hard-of-hearing clients, to the extent that funds are available. (c) The program managers shall report to the deputy director of the division established pursuant to this chapter. (d) The division shall be responsible for administrative functions, including, but not limited to, the following: (1) Develop, implement, and oversee policies related to blind and visually impaired and deaf and hard-of-hearing consumers, including timely provision of assistive technology services. (2) Develop and implement mandatory orientation training programs for new rehabilitation counselors for the blind, rehabilitation counselors for the deaf, and counselor teachers. (3) Develop and implement ongoing mandatory training for rehabilitation supervisors of blind-designated units. (4) Establish minimum professional competencies for rehabilitation counselors for the blind, rehabilitation counselors for the deaf, and counselor teachers, and provide continuing in-service education to rehabilitation counselors for the blind, rehabilitation counselors for the deaf, and counselor teachers. (5) Provide support and assistance to field staff on issues related to the cases of blind and visually impaired and deaf and hard-of-hearing consumers. (6) Provide technical assistance to the department related to the assistive technology needs of blind and visually impaired and deaf and hard-of-hearing employees and consumers. (7) Establish and maintain within the department's Internet Web site, a communications system for staff serving blind and visually impaired and deaf and hard-of-hearing consumers for the purpose of sharing resource information, effective practices, and problem solving. (e) Any program administered in whole or in part by the State Department of Education relative to the transition from school to work for blind and visually impaired and deaf and hard-of-hearing secondary education students shall be conducted in partnership with the division.


19097. (a) Subject to the control of the director, all employees of the department providing services to persons who are blind and visually impaired administered by the division pursuant to this chapter shall be under the exclusive direction and supervision of the deputy director of the division. (b) The division shall establish criteria and train counselors and supervisors working with persons who are blind and visually impaired and deaf and hard of hearing to ensure they have the specialized knowledge and skills to meet the needs of these persons.


19097.5. The department shall report annually in the fourth quarter of each calendar year to the Blind Advisory Committee on the amount of state and federal funds allocated to direct services governed by this chapter.

19098. The Director of Rehabilitation shall, on or before July 1, 2005, and every other year thereafter, report to the Legislature and the Governor on the programs administered by the division. The report shall include statistics on competitive employment placements of persons who are blind or visually impaired.

19098.5. The Director of Rehabilitation shall establish the Blind Advisory Committee to advise the Director of Rehabilitation on means to increase competitive employment, enlarge economic opportunities, enhance independence and self-sufficiency, and otherwise improve services for persons who are blind and visually impaired. A majority of the members shall be blind or visually impaired. Members of the committee who are not blind or visually impaired shall have experience in services to the blind. The committee shall develop, in conjunction with stakeholders, an annual work plan to identify and address areas for improvement in services provided by the division to persons who are blind and visually impaired.


Part 2. Rehabilitation Services, Programs, And Facilities

Chapter 1. General Provisions

Ca Codes (wic:19100-19106) Welfare And Institutions Code Section 19100-19106



19100. (a) The department shall provide the services defined and authorized by this part to individuals with physical or mental disabilities who are found to be eligible therefor. (b) To the maximum extent appropriate, and consistent with federal law, existing information available from other programs and providers, particularly information used by education officials and the United States Social Security Administration, and information that can be provided by the individual with a disability or the family of the individual, may be used for purposes of determining eligibility for vocational rehabilitation services and for choosing rehabilitation goals, objectives, and services.


19101. Pursuant to federal law, the department may conduct an evaluation, when necessary, including, but not limited to, diagnostic and related services, necessary to determine eligibility for vocational rehabilitation services and for choosing rehabilitation goals, objectives, and services.


19102. Pursuant to federal law, the department shall establish a priority order to be followed in selecting individuals to whom vocational rehabilitation services will be provided.


19103. (a) Any individual with a disability, as defined in Section 19151, who requires vocational rehabilitation services to prepare for, enter, engage in, or retain gainful employment, is eligible for services under this chapter. (b) For the purposes of Section 19151, it shall be presumed that an individual can benefit in terms of an employment outcome from vocational rehabilitation services unless it can be demonstrated by clear and convincing evidence that the individual is incapable of doing so. (c) Eligibility determinations for vocational rehabilitation services shall be completed within the timeframes specified in federal law and, to the extent possible, shall rely upon the information specified in Section 19100.


19104. (a) Subject to the limitation of Section 19102 and to the extent federal funds are available, an individualized written rehabilitation program shall be developed for each individual determined to be eligible under this chapter. (b) The individualized written rehabilitation program shall do all of the following: (1) Be designed to achieve the employment objective of the individual, consistent with the unique strengths, resources, priorities, concerns, abilities, and capabilities of the individual, and, to the maximum extent appropriate, to include placement in integrated settings. (2) Be jointly developed and agreed upon by the eligible individual, or when appropriate the individual's parent, family member, guardian, advocate, or authorized representative, and the department. In developing the program, the department shall inform the individual about and involve the individual in choosing among alternative goals, objectives, available services, entities providing the services, and the methods used to provide or procure the services. (3) Contain all of the information required by federal law and regulations, including a statement of the specific vocational goods and services, as defined in Section 19150, to be provided and the terms and conditions under which available goods and services will be provided, to the extent federal funds are available, to the individual in the most integrated setting. (4) To the extent possible, utilize the information specified in Section 19100.


19104.5. (a) For the purpose of ensuring, consistent with federal law, that eligible individuals are given meaningful, informed, and increased choices in the rehabilitation process, identification of all of the following shall occur for each eligible individual with the full participation of that individual: (1) Possible alternative employment goals and outcomes that are consistent with the unique strengths, resources, priorities, concerns, abilities, and capabilities of the individual. (2) The service options that are available to achieve the employment goals and outcomes selected by the individual. (3) For each service selected by the individual, the entities available to provide those services. (b) Choices made by the eligible individual in accordance with subdivision (a) shall be incorporated into the individual written rehabilitation program.

19106. The department shall submit an annual report to the Legislature to include the following performance data for the prior year: (a) The number of persons who applied for service. (b) The number of persons accepted for service. (c) The number of persons for whom plans for service were approved. (d) The number of cases closed after acceptance for service: (1) Without planned service. (2) Unemployed after planned service. (3) Employed for at least 60 days after planned service. (e) The number of persons served whose cases have been closed and who are employed by classification of employment objective. (f) The number of persons served whose cases have been closed and who are employed by classification of employment objective in the rehabilitation plan. (g) The costs of service by percentile intervals and total cost for persons whose cases have been closed and who are unemployed after planned services. (h) The costs of service by percentile interval and total cost for persons whose cases have been closed and who are employed after planned services. (i) The classification of employment objectives in rehabilitation plans. (j) The classification of employment objectives of persons placed in employment. (k) The number of persons whose vocational objective in their rehabilitation plan was the same as that in which they became employed. (l) The number employed in a different type of occupation than the objective in their rehabilitation plan. (m) The method by which each person found employment, including: (1) Through placement by the rehabilitation counselor or other department staff. (2) By finding his or her own job. (3) Through placement by the Employment Development Department. (4) Through placement by a training agency. (5) Employment by a training agency in on-the-job training. (6) Other. (n) The average cost and percentile cost distribution of purchased case services of all persons whose cases have been closed and who are employed. (o) The average cost and percentile cost distribution of all persons still employed one year after case closure. This information may be collected on the basis of sample data. (p) The average cost of service of cases closed where a person is employed based on department's total vocational rehabilitation expenditures. This cost shall be derived from total cost divided by total number of employed persons. (q) The average cost of service based on department's total vocational rehabilitation expenditures for all persons still employed one year after case closure. This information may be collected on the basis of sample data.


Chapter 2. Definitions

Ca Codes (wic:19150-19154) Welfare And Institutions Code Section 19150-19154



19150. (a) The term "vocational rehabilitation services" means the following services and goods: (1) An assessment for determining eligibility and vocational rehabilitation needs by qualified personnel, including if appropriate, an assessment by personnel skilled in rehabilitation technology or an assessment for supported employment as an employment outcome. (2) Counseling, guidance, and work-related placement services for persons with disabilities, including job search assistance, placement assistance, job retention services, personal assistance services, followup services, and specific postemployment services necessary to assist those individuals in maintaining, regaining, or advancing in their employment, both competitive and supported. (3) Training services for persons with disabilities, which shall include personal and vocational adjustment, books, and other training materials. (4) Auxiliary aide services, such as reader services for individuals who are blind and interpreter services for individuals who are deaf. (5) Job coaching services that may include any of the following: (A) On-the-job skill training. (B) Observation or supervision at the worksite. (C) Consultation or training, or both, of coworkers and supervisors. (D) Assistance in integrating into the work environment. (E) Destination training. (F) Assistance with public support agencies. (G) Family and residential provider consultation. (H) Any other on- or off-the-job support services needed to reinforce and stabilize job placement. (6) Recruitment and training services for persons with disabilities to provide them with new employment opportunities in the fields of rehabilitation, health, welfare, public safety, and law enforcement, and other appropriate service employment. (7) Physical and mental restoration services, including, but not limited to, the following: (A) Corrective surgery or therapeutic treatment necessary to correct or substantially modify a physical or mental condition which is stable or slowly progressive and constitutes an impediment to employment, but is of such a nature that the correction or modification may reasonably be expected to eliminate or substantially reduce the impediment to employment within a reasonable length of time. (B) Necessary hospitalization in connection with surgery or treatment. (C) Prosthetic and orthotic devices. (D) Eyeglasses and visual services as prescribed by a physician skilled in the diseases of the eye or by an optometrist. (8) Maintenance, not exceeding the additional costs incurred while participating in rehabilitation. (9) Occupational licenses, tools, equipment, and initial stocks and supplies. (10) Rehabilitation technology services, which shall include rehabilitation engineering and assistive technology services and devices. (11) On-the-job or other related personal assistance services provided to an individual with a disability who is receiving other vocational rehabilitation services. (12) Transition services to students, pursuant to cooperative agreements established under Section 19013, that promote or facilitate the accomplishment of long-term rehabilitation goals and intermediate rehabilitation objectives. (13) Referral and other services designed to assist individuals with disabilities in securing needed services from other agencies through agreements developed pursuant to Section 19013. (14) The provision of other programs and services when provided for the benefit of groups of individuals, including, but not limited to, any of the following: (A) In the case of any type of small business operated by individuals with severe disabilities, the operation of which can be improved by management services and supervision provided by the department, the provision of those services and supervision, alone or together with the acquisition by the department of vending stands and other equipment and initial stocks and supplies. (B) The establishment, development, or improvement of community rehabilitation programs that promise to contribute substantially to the rehabilitation of a group of individuals but that are not related directly to the rehabilitation plan of any one individual with a disability, providing the program is used to provide services that promote integration and competitive employment, including supported employment. (C) Technical assistance and support services to businesses that are not subject to Subchapter 1 (commencing with Section 12111) of Chapter 126 of Title 42 of the United States Code and that are seeking to employ individuals with disabilities. (15) Transportation in connection with the rendering of any other vocational rehabilitation service. (16) Any other goods and services necessary to render a person with disabilities employable. (17) Services to the families of persons with disabilities when those services will contribute substantially to the rehabilitation of those individuals. (b) For the purposes of subdivision (a), full consideration of eligibility for any comparable service or benefit shall be utilized to the extent permitted by federal law.

19151. (a) The term "individual with a disability" means any individual who: (1) Has a physical or mental impairment which constitutes or results in a substantial impediment to employment. (2) Can benefit in terms of an employment outcome from vocational rehabilitation services provided pursuant to this chapter. (b) The term "Individual with a severe disability" shall have the same meaning as specified in the federal Rehabilitation Act and includes, but is not limited to, any individual who has a disability or is blind as determined pursuant to Subchapter 2 (commencing with Section 401) and Subchapter 16 (commencing with Section 1381) of Chapter 7 of Title 42 of the United States Code.


19152. (a) "Community rehabilitation program" means a program which is operated for the primary purpose of providing directly or facilitating the provision of vocational rehabilitation services to persons with disabilities and which provides singly or in combination one or more of the following services to enable persons with disabilities to maximize opportunities for employment, including career advancement: (1) Comprehensive rehabilitation services which shall include, under one management, medical, psychological, social, and vocational services. (2) Testing, fitting, or training in the use of prosthetic and orthotic devices. (3) Recreational therapy. (4) Physical and occupational therapy. (5) Speech, language, and hearing therapy. (6) Psychiatric, psychological, and social services. (7) Personal and work adjustment. (8) Vocational training (in combination with other rehabilitation services). (9) Evaluation or control of special disabilities. (10) Assessment for determining eligibility and vocational needs, including evaluation for supported employment, development, and placement in jobs. (11) Development of, and placement in, jobs. (12) Job coaching services to enable a person with disabilities to obtain or maintain supported or competitive employment. (13) Extended employment for persons with severe disabilities who cannot be readily absorbed into the competitive labor market. (14) Personal assistance services. (15) To the extent provided under federal law, services similar to the services described in paragraphs (1) to (13), inclusive. (b) All medical and related health services shall be prescribed by, or under the formal supervision of, persons licensed to practice medicine or surgery in the state.


19153. The term, "blind person" means either a person who has not more than 20/200 central visual acuity in the better eye after correction, or a person who has visual acuity greater than 20/200 but with a limitation in the fields of vision such that the widest diameter of the visual field subtends an angle no greater than 20 degrees. Such blindness shall be certified by a licensed physician and surgeon who specializes in diseases of the eye or a licensed optometrist.

19154. Establishment of a community rehabilitation program means the acquisition, expansion, remodeling, or alteration of existing buildings necessary to adapt them to community rehabilitation program purposes or to increase their effectiveness for such purposes (subject, however, to such limitations as the federal government or the director may, by regulation, prescribe in order to prevent impairment of the objectives of, or duplication of, other laws providing assistance in the construction of such facilities for community rehabilitation programs), and may include additional equipment and staffing permitted by federal law or regulation.



Chapter 3. Deaf Persons

Ca Codes (wic:19200) Welfare And Institutions Code Section 19200



19200. The department is authorized to pay for training and support services for deaf students in a public or private college or university approved by the department.


Chapter 5. Rehabilitation Facilities

Article 1. General Provisions

Ca Codes (wic:19400-19404) Welfare And Institutions Code Section 19400-19404



19400. It is the purpose of this chapter to extend the opportunities for individuals with disabilities for employment through encouragement of local communities to develop rehabilitation programs and to provide the state with information concerning their effectiveness in providing employment and rehabilitation services to individuals with disabilities.


19401. The department may provide consultive services to organizations in the establishment and operation of community rehabilitation programs for individuals with disabilities. These consultive service shall include the bringing together of persons interested in the established community rehabilitation programs, surveying community needs, securing the cooperation of other community agencies, planning methods of financing, securing work contracts, establishing professional standards, and maintaining of appropriate records.


19402. The department may contract with qualified persons or firms for consultation in such technical fields as accounting, engineering and sales so that the directors and governing bodies of the community rehabilitation programs may be advised as to the desirability of any undertaking and the best methods of achieving their objectives.


19403. It is the intent of the Legislature to encourage state organizations, cities, counties, districts, and other political subdivisions to purchase products manufactured by and services provided by public or private nonprofit California corporations operating workshops serving individuals with disabilities whenever it is feasible to do so and the proximity of the public or private nonprofit California corporations operating workshops serving individuals with disabilities makes the purchases reasonably convenient and to provide equality of competitive advantage for organizations operating workshops for individuals with disabilities and organizations operating workshops for individuals who are blind.


19404. Any state agency, city or county, political subdivision, or district of this state may, without advertising or calling for bids, purchase materials and supplies manufactured and services provided by public or private nonprofit California corporations operating community rehabilitation programs serving persons with disabilities who have indicated an interest in supplying those goods and services and may, on an equitable basis apportion the business among the interested community rehabilitation programs, provided the goods or services meet the specifications and needs of the purchasing agency and are purchased at a fair market price, as determined by the appropriate state or local agency and provided that the public or private nonprofit California corporations comply with all of the following requirements: (a) (1) Contract work obtained under this section shall be performed by a labor force which is comprised primarily of persons with disabilities, as measured by the percentage of person-hours of direct labor devoted to the contract work. (2) For purposes of this paragraph, "primarily" means 75 percent or greater. (3) Agree to make those elections permitted of any nonprofit corporation under the federal Insurance Contributions Act and the California Unemployment Insurance Code in order to provide social security and unemployment and disability benefits for its employees commencing with its first contract or purchase order under this section and continuing thereafter. In the event that the nonprofit corporation ceases to provide those benefits, any existing contract or purchase order under this section with the corporation is terminated and no further contracts or purchase orders shall be awarded to that corporation for the period of two years after the corporation ceases to provide the benefits. For the purposes of this subdivision, a person with a disability shall be considered an employee when performing productive work. (4) Provide in its articles of incorporation that at least two of the directors of its board of directors shall be comprised of persons with disabilities or the parents, guardians, or conservators of individuals with disabilities. Directors who are also employees of the nonprofit corporation shall not participate in or be present at discussions of the board of directors concerned with labor-management contract negotiations. (5) Provide for disabled employees of the nonprofit corporation benefits and other employer-employee agreements substantially equal to those benefits and agreements entered into between each nonprofit corporation and the representatives designated by a majority of the employees. (6) Not commit any unfair labor practices as defined in Section 8 (a) of the National Labor Relations Act. (7) Abide by the provisions of the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act, the Walsh-Healy Public Contract Act, the Wagner O'Day Act, and the regulations of the State Division of Industrial Welfare. (b) For purposes of this section a "person with a disability" means any person, other than a person who is blind, who is so severely incapacitated by any physical or mental disability that he or she cannot currently engage in normal competitive employment because of the disability.


Article 2. Transportation And Assistive Technology Loan Guarantees

Ca Codes (wic:19460-19471) Welfare And Institutions Code Section 19460-19471



19460. (a) There is in the State Treasury a permanent revolving fund to be known as the Rehabilitation Revolving Loan Guarantee Fund, and to be administered by the department. The money deposited in the fund, including, but not limited to, money in any previously established account within the fund, is hereby appropriated, without regard to fiscal years, for the purposes of this article. The fund shall be used to guarantee loans made by eligible lenders to eligible persons for the purchase of vans, automobiles, and other special equipment to facilitate transportation of individuals with disabilities, and to assist private employers and employees, and other persons regardless of age, with disabilities to purchase assistive technology in order to live more independently or to engage in employment, including, but not limited to, supported employment as defined and determined by the department. (b) Nothing in this section shall be construed to abrogate the requirement that employers comply with reasonable accommodations and related responsibilities pursuant to federal and state laws. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent a loan guarantee for individuals with disabilities who have previously received vocational rehabilitation services and who wish to obtain a loan to purchase newly developed assistive technology or to replace worn or obsolete assistive technology. (c) In determining eligibility for a loan guarantee from this account, the department shall make any loan guarantee contingent upon a determination that the person or the family of a child reasonably can be expected to repay the loan based on the person's or family's expected income or other resources. (d) To the extent possible, loans made pursuant to this chapter shall provide for a security interest to be given the lending institution in the vehicle or assistive technology for which the loan is made.

19461. As used in this article, the following definitions apply: (a) "Department" means the Department of Rehabilitation. (b) "Eligible persons" means any of the following, provided that household income does not exceed the level prescribed for moderate-income families by the Department of Housing and Community Development pursuant to Section 50093 of the Health and Safety Code: (1) Parents of a child with a disability who has been certified by a physician or the department as having a disability, who is living in the home, and who requires a modified vehicle for mobility. (2) A person with a disability who has been certified by a physician or the department as having a disability, and who requires a modified vehicle for mobility. (3) Parents of a child with a disability who has been certified by a physician or the department as having a disability, who is living in the home, and who requires assistive technology, including evaluation and training in the use of an assistive technology device, which is necessary for independent living. (4) A person with a disability who has been certified by a physician or the department as having a disability, and who requires assistive technology, including evaluation and training in the use of an assistive technology device, which is necessary for independent living. (c) "Eligible lender" means a financial institution organized, chartered, or holding a license or authorization certificate under a law of this state or the United States to make loans or extend credit and subject to supervision by an official or agency of this state or the United States. (d) "Assistive technology" means any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities, and any service that directly assists an individual with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of the item, equipment, or product system.


19462. The department shall serve as a state loan guarantee agency to guarantee loans and to administer a guaranteed loan program established pursuant to this article. The department shall guarantee any loan made pursuant to this article at 100 percent of the total amount of principal and interest of the loan in default. The department shall establish the ratio of reserve funds to loans outstanding. The effective interest rate to the borrower shall be a percent per annum, which is less than the fair market interest rate at the time the loan guarantee request is considered by the department, and which is based upon the ability of the borrower to pay, as determined by the department. When an application for a loan guarantee is approved by the department, the differential interest between the percent per annum approved by the department and the rate charged by the participating lender shall be prepaid by the department to the participating lender out of the Rehabilitation Revolving Loan Guarantee Fund. If the borrower defaults on any loan guaranteed by this program, the participating lender shall reimburse the department for any interest not accrued, after deduction for any unavoidable loss suffered by the lender.


19463. State guaranteed loans made pursuant to this article shall be made without regard to race, religion, creed, or sex.


19464. The total amount of all outstanding debts, obligations, and liabilities which may be incurred or created under this article is limited to the amount contained in the Rehabilitation Revolving Loan Guarantee Fund, and the state shall not be liable beyond the amount contained in such fund for such debts, obligations, and liabilities.


19465. In the event that the amount of loans applied for under this article exceeds the amount of the loans that may be guaranteed pursuant to this article, the department may establish a system of priorities for the approval of loans.

19466. The State Treasurer shall invest, pursuant to statute, any surplus money in the Rehabilitation Revolving Loan Guarantee Fund. The interest or other accretions as a result of the investment of such money shall accrue to the fund.

19467. The funds in the Rehabilitation Revolving Loan Guarantee Fund shall be paid out by the State Treasurer on warrants drawn by the Controller and requisitioned by the department in carrying out the purposes of this article.

19468. The department shall encourage private eligible lenders to participate in the guaranteed loan program established by this article, and shall develop and distribute in cooperation with private eligible lenders consumer information for prospective borrowers.


19469. No loan in excess of fifty thousand dollars ($50,000) shall be made to any eligible person pursuant to this article.


19470. The department shall adopt regulations not inconsistent with this article that, among other things, shall establish criteria for determining eligibility for loans in the guarantee program that ensure that the applicants have the ability to repay the loans


19471. (a) The department may apply for a federal grant award through the federal alternative financing program established pursuant to subparagraph (D) of paragraph (2) of subsection (b) of Section 3003 of Title 29 of the United States Code and may use funds in the Rehabilitation Revolving Loan Guarantee Fund, established pursuant to Section 19460, as the match for these federal grant funds. The department may comply with applicable federal grant requirements, including, to the extent required, contracting with a community-based, nonprofit organization that has individuals with disabilities involved in the organization decisionmaking at all organizational levels, to administer the alternative financing program. (b) The department may do all of the following: (1) Select a community-based organization with which to contract based upon consideration of criteria, including, but not limited to, the organization's sound fiscal condition and internal controls. (2) Monitor and audit performance by the organization under the contract to minimize the risk of loss to the loan guarantee program of loan defaults. (3) Terminate the contract in the event the department determines that the organization has not complied with the contract terms or has not prudently administered the loan guarantee funds. (c) Moneys received from a federal alternative financing grant shall be deposited in the Rehabilitation Revolving Loan Guarantee Fund established pursuant to Section 19460, and the federal funds and state matching funds shall be administered by the department and, as set forth in subdivision (a), by a community-based organization through a contract with the department, for the purpose of providing loan guarantees consistent with this article and applicable federal grant requirements. (d) To the extent that state funds in the Rehabilitation Revolving Loan Guarantee Fund are not used to fund the alternative financing program, the department shall administer any remaining money in the fund consistent with the provisions of this article, and may enter into contracts with any public or private entity for the provision of services relating to the administration of the loan guarantee program. (e) No more than 10 percent of the fund, excluding funds held in reserve pursuant to Section 19462, per fiscal year, may be used for costs of administration of the loan guarantee program, including administrative costs incurred by the department and any contractor.



Chapter 6. Blind Persons

Article 1. Orientation Centers

Ca Codes (wic:19500-19507) Welfare And Institutions Code Section 19500-19507



19500. The department may establish orientation centers for the blind in such locations as may be deemed necessary to provide on a statewide basis the services to be rendered by orientation centers as provided in this article. Such orientation centers as may be established shall be under the jurisdiction and supervision of the department and shall be administered by the Director of Rehabilitation in accordance with the provisions of this article. The department shall make and promulgate such rules and regulations as are necessary for the administration of such orientation centers in accordance with the provisions of this article.

19501. Each orientation center established under Sections 19500 to 19506, inclusive, shall be residential in character. Blind persons shall be admitted as residents and trainees in an intensive program designed for maximum vocational and personal rehabilitation and for the preparation of blind persons for useful and remunerative work in trades, professions, private business, private industry, or public service.


19502. Orientation centers shall provide for short periods of intensive personal and prevocational orientation for blind persons, and for specific vocational training. The program of orientation centers shall include such training as techniques of daily living, techniques of travel, physical conditioning, sensory training, instruction in braille, instruction in skills for the handicapped, typing, and business principles and methods, and shall provide for social and vocational diagnostic testing and individual counseling.


19503. The Director of Rehabilitation shall appoint an administrator for each orientation center for the blind who shall administer and supervise the program at the center in accordance with this article and under the supervision of the Director of Rehabilitation. The administrator of each orientation center for the blind shall be either a sighted or visually handicapped person and shall have all of the following minimum qualifications: (a) Four years of full time, paid experience working in a program for the education or rehabilitation of adults who are legally blind, with emphasis on nonvisual living techniques, including, but not limited to, daily living, mobility, and communication skills. At least two years' experience shall have been in a supervisory or administrative capacity. (b) Proficiency in Braille as a second language. (c) Education equivalent to graduation from college with a bachelor's degree. Additional qualifying experience may be substituted on a year-for-year basis.


19504. The staff of an orientation center shall be composed of persons trained to assist blind persons in achieving social and economic independence, and whose qualifications include successful experience in teaching blind persons. The staff shall include as large a proportion as is practicable of visually handicapped persons who have achieved outstanding success in adjustment to their handicap.


19505. Each orientation center shall be operated as a unit separate and apart from any state-operated rehabilitation facility. The program of each orientation center shall be closely coordinated with the services of the department, with the home teacher and field service program, and with programs for training teachers and other personnel directed toward serving the blind.


19506. The department may: (a) Make rules for the government and direction of orientation centers established under this article, and may prescribe conditions for the admission and discharge of trainees having regard to an equitable representation from each county of the state. (b) Designate the subjects which shall be regularly taught and the training which shall be given.

19507. (a) The Legislature finds and declares that the department, in accordance with Section 19007, is the authorized recipient of gifts, bequests, and donations made to the department or to a school or institution administered by the department. (b) There is, within the State Treasury, the Orientation Center for the Blind Trust Fund, which is hereby continuously appropriated, without regard to fiscal years, to the department for allocation to the Orientation Center for the Blind exclusively for the purposes specified in subdivision (c). (c) (1) Moneys in the Orientation Center for the Blind Trust Fund shall be used to supplement, and not supplant, funding of services provided by the department, and shall be utilized only in accordance with the terms and conditions of the gifts or donations made to the fund and for the sole purpose of the betterment of the students of the program at the Orientation Center for the Blind. (2) The department shall consult with the Orientation Center for the Blind Trust Fund Committee, which shall be created by the director, concerning the use of moneys in the fund. (3) The Orientation Center for the Blind Trust Fund Committee shall be composed of three members, all of whom shall be graduates of the Orientation Center for the Blind. The director shall consider for appointment to the committee individuals who are members of groups of advocates for the blind. No more than one member of any group shall be appointed, and appointment shall be from a list of at least two nominees submitted by the group. The director shall appoint one member to be an at-large representative.


Article 2. Field Orientation Services For The Blind

Ca Codes (wic:19525-19526) Welfare And Institutions Code Section 19525-19526



19525. The department may appoint counselor-teachers to provide individual guidance and training to the adult blind of the state. Such counselor-teachers shall give individual instruction in those techniques which will enable the blind to adjust to daily living in the home and in the community. They shall teach the blind reading and writing of braille, typing, travel techniques, household arts and crafts in accordance with the needs of the blind, and give them such other instruction as may enhance their opportunities for personal rehabilitation. This program shall be closely coordinated with vocational rehabilitation services for the blind, the Orientation Center for the Blind and opportunity work centers for the blind.


19526. Whenever any blind person with the proper educational qualifications regularly matriculates, enters, and works for a degree, or for a diploma of graduation, in any university, college, or state college in this state, and who is not a recipient of federally assisted vocational rehabilitation services, the Director of Rehabilitation shall provide from any funds appropriated for the purpose from the General Fund a reader to assist him in his studies. Of the funds appropriated by the 1969 Legislature in the Budget Act for such purpose, the sum of thirty-six thousand five hundred dollars ($36,500) shall be used for this purpose for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1970, and any appropriations for succeeding years shall be determined by the Legislature. Any reader whose services are provided pursuant to this section shall be deemed an independent contractor whose services shall have been contracted by the Director of Rehabilitation for the benefit of such blind person and not an employee of the Department of Rehabilitation. Compensation for readers shall be established at a rate high enough to obtain competent readers but in no event shall such compensation be less than the basic federal minimum wage. No more than 1,100 hours of service by a reader per annum shall be allowed for the instruction of any one student, except that for graduate students not more than 1,300 hours of service by a reader shall be allowed for the instruction of any one student, provided that a greater amount may be expended if the Director of Rehabilitation finds that the instruction of a student will be facilitated by such additional expenditure.


Article 5. Business Enterprises For The Blind

Ca Codes (wic:19625-19641) Welfare And Institutions Code Section 19625-19641



19625. For the purpose of providing blind persons with remunerative employment, enlarging the economic opportunities of the blind, and stimulating the blind to greater efforts in striving to make themselves self-supporting, blind persons licensed under this article shall be authorized to operate vending facilities on any property within this state as provided in this article. In order to administer this article, the director shall establish and promote the Business Enterprises Program for the Blind. It is the intent of the Legislature that the Randolph-Sheppard Act (20 U.S.C. Sec. 107 et. seq.), and the federal regulations for its administration set forth in Part 395 (commencing with Section 395.1) of Title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations, shall serve as minimum standards for the operation of the Business Enterprises Program for the Blind. (a) With respect to vending facilities on state property, priority shall be given to blind persons, including the assignment of vending machine income as provided in this article. As used in this article, "state property" means all real property, or part thereof, owned, leased, rented, or otherwise controlled or occupied by any department or other agency or body of this state. (b) With respect to vending on federal property within this state, priority shall be given as provided in the federal Randolph-Sheppard Act (20 U.S.C. Sec. 107 et seq.), including the amendments thereto. This article, as it applies to federal property, is intended to conform to that act and is to be of no force or effect if, and to the extent that, any provision of this article or any regulation adopted under this article is in conflict with that act. Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to impose limitations on the operation of vending facilities on state property, or property other than federal property, or to allow only those activities specifically enumerated in the Randolph-Sheppard Act. (c) On all other property within this state, whether owned or controlled privately or by any county, city, city and county, or other political subdivision, the department shall take all feasible steps to encourage and establish vending by blind persons licensed under this article. The department may enter into appropriate agreements with the entities or persons owning or controlling the other property. All these agreements shall be in writing and shall be in conformity with this article. (d) The director shall actively pursue all commissions from vending facilities not operated by blind vendors as provided for in paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 19630, and shall seek new placements of vending facilities on state property where a facility is not yet in place.


19625.5. The department shall support and encourage all participants in the Business Enterprises Program to be as successful at becoming self-supporting as possible.


19626. A "vending facility" is a location which may sell, at wholesale or retail, foods, beverages, confections, newspapers, periodicals, tobacco products, and other articles or services dispensed automatically or manually and prepared on or off the premises in accordance with applicable health laws. A "vending facility" may consist, exclusively or in appropriate combination, of automatic vending machines, cafeterias, snackbars, catering or food concession vehicles, cart service, shelters, counters and any appropriate equipment as the director may by regulation prescribe as being necessary for the sale of the articles or services described in the first paragraph of this section. A "vending facility" may encompass more than one building. Licensed blind vendors shall not be required to purchase supplies or services from wholesalers who may be licensed under this article.


19626.5. (a) The department shall develop and promulgate regulations regarding life standards for vending facility equipment. These regulations shall include, but not be limited to, life expectancy of equipment, time periods within which equipment shall be replaced, and exceptions to the requirement of replacement of equipment within the specified time periods, including when there is a history of no service problems. These regulations shall also provide for exceptions to the life standard or life expectancy policies allowing earlier replacement under certain circumstances including excessive mechanical failures or other malfunction that is not the fault of the operator. (b) The department, in administering the Business Enterprises Program, shall consult with the Department of General Services and develop a system of expediting equipment orders to ensure timely delivery, thereby reducing financial hardship to vendors and allowing provision of continuous food service as required by the contracting agency. This system shall not preclude the Department of General Services from exercising oversight and review of the purchasing process.


19627. (a) In order to implement the priority declared in subdivision (a) of Section 19625, the director shall, in consultation with the committee of licensed blind vendors, and after consultation with and agreement by the Director of General Services and other heads of departments or agencies in control of the maintenance, operation, and protection of state property, develop regulations designed to ensure the following: (1) That priority is given to blind persons licensed under this article, including the assignment of vending machine income as provided in this article. (2) That one or more vending facilities shall be established on all state property to the extent that any facility or facilities is feasible. Where a larger vending facility is not feasible, the director shall take steps to place vending machines whenever possible. In determining feasibility the director shall consider, but is not limited to consideration of, all of the following: (A) The number of state employees in the building or on the state property. (B) The size, in square feet, of the area leased, occupied, owned, or otherwise controlled by the state. (C) The length of time the property will be leased or occupied by the state. (D) Whether establishment of a vending facility would adversely affect the interests of the state. (E) The likelihood the vending facility will produce sufficient net income for a blind vendor as provided in Section 19631. (b) Any decision that the placement or operation of a vending facility is not feasible, or that placement or operation would adversely affect the interests of the state shall be in writing, and shall be made available to the committee of licensed blind vendors. (c) The Director of General Services is authorized to construct and install or permit the construction and installation of a vending facility on any property owned or occupied by the state. In the case of leased space, costs shall be shared by agencies occupying the space as determined by the Director of General Services. (d) The director is authorized, subject to regulations developed pursuant to subdivision (a) and the requirements of the federal Randolph-Sheppard Act, to select a location for a facility and the type of facility to be provided. (e) Immediately upon receipt of notification from any state department or agency, the Department of General Services, Office of Real Estate and Design Services shall provide written notice to the director of the plans of any state department or agency to occupy, acquire, renovate, or relocate a property. This notice shall permit the director to determine in accordance with regulations developed pursuant to subdivision (a) whether the property includes, or will include, a satisfactory site or sites for a vending facility. (f) After January 1, 1978, no department or agency of the state shall undertake to acquire by ownership, rent or lease, or to otherwise occupy, in whole or in part, any property unless, after consultation with the head of that department or agency, it is determined by the director in accordance with regulations developed pursuant to subdivision (a) either (1) that the property includes a satisfactory site or sites for the location and operation of a vending facility by a blind person; or (2) that, if a building is to be constructed, substantially altered or renovated, or, in the case of a building that is already occupied on that date by the department or agency, is to be substantially altered or renovated for use by the department or agency, the design for the construction, substantial alteration or renovation includes a satisfactory site or sites for the location and operation of a vending facility by a blind person. (g) The provisions of subdivision (f) shall not apply when the director, in consultation with the committee of blind vendors, determines that the number of people using the property is or will be insufficient to support a vending facility. (h) For the purpose of this section, the term "satisfactory site" means an area determined by the director to have sufficient space, electrical and plumbing outlets, and any other facilities as the director shall by regulation prescribe, for the location and operation of a vending facility by a blind person. (i) If the director determines that any agency or department of the state fails to comply with this section, the director shall establish a panel to arbitrate the dispute and the decision of the panel shall be final and binding on all parties. (j) The arbitration panel convened by the director shall be composed of three members, appointed as follows: (1) One individual by the director. (2) One individual by the agency or department having care, custody or control of the premises. (3) One individual who shall serve as chairman, jointly designated by the members appointed under paragraph (1) and paragraph (2). If either party fails to agree on an individual, the director shall designate a hearing officer from the Office of Administrative Hearings who shall preside. (k) This section shall not apply to existing employee-operated, nonprofit organizations operating vending facilities that include manual cafeteria operations on state property. This section shall not be construed to require that employee-operated, nonprofit organizations shall discontinue operating vending facilities that include manual cafeteria operations on state property as of January 1, 1978.


19628. The governing board of any county, city, city and county, or other political subdivision or the persons or entities owning or controlling private property, may construct and install on their property, or permit the construction and installation of, vending facilities for operation by blind persons licensed under this article. The amount of space allotted for this purpose shall be sufficient to serve adequately the number of persons to be served and provide the kind of services to be rendered.


19629. (a) The department shall provide that, if any funds are set aside, or caused to be set aside, from the net proceeds of the operation of the vending facilities those funds shall be set aside, only to the extent necessary, but not to exceed the amount equal to 6 percent of gross sales, and may be used only for the following purposes: (1) Maintenance and replacement of equipment. (2) The purchase of new equipment. (3) The construction of new vending facilities. (4) Funding the functions of the committee of blind vendors established by Section 19638. (5) Retirement or pension funds, health insurance contributions or premiums, life insurance contributions or premiums to the extent approved by the federal Rehabilitation Services Administration, and provision for paid sick leave or vacation time or business-related insurance, if it is so determined by a majority vote of blind vendors after the department provides to each vendor full information on all matters relevant to these purposes. The department shall seek the necessary approval for expenditures of set-aside funds for life insurance contributions or premiums. (b) No set-aside funds shall be collected where the monthly net proceeds are less than one thousand dollars ($1,000). This amount shall be annually adjusted by the department to reflect changes in the cost of living. The average of the separate indices of cost of living for Los Angeles and San Francisco, as published by the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, shall be used as the basis for determining the change in the cost of living. (c) Set-aside funds collected from the operation of all vending facilities administered by the Business Enterprise Program shall be placed in a single fund. (d) As used in this section, "net proceeds" shall be the sum of the amount remaining from the sale of articles or services and the amount of any vending machine or other income accruing to blind vendors after the cost of sale and other expenses (excluding set-aside charges required to be paid by the blind vendors) have been deducted. (e) It is the intent of the Legislature that the expenditure of the service charges authorized by this section shall be supplemental to any current appropriations available for these purposes and shall not constitute an offset or diminution of any appropriations. (f) An amount equal to 10 percent of the wages paid by a vendor to any blind person, as defined in Section 19153, or to any disabled person, as defined in regulations issued by the department, shall be deducted from any service charge paid by the vendor, in order to encourage vendors to employ more blind and disabled workers and thereby set an example for industry and government. There shall be no deduction from any service charge paid by a vendor if the vendor does not pay wages at least equal to the minimum wages required of employers pursuant to Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 1171) of Part 4 of Division 2 of the Labor Code.


19630. (a) After July 1, 1978, all vending machine income from vending machines on state property shall accrue to (1) the blind vendor operating a vending facility on the property, or (2) in the event there is no blind vendor operating a facility on the property, to the Department of Rehabilitation Vending Machine Trust Fund for only those uses designated in subdivision (d). (b) The department may, notwithstanding subdivision (d), distribute vending machine income accruing under paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) to a blind vendor of a facility not meeting the standard specified in Section 19631 on January 1, 1978, provided that the distribution was being made on January 1, 1977, and provided that the distribution shall not be in greater amount than was being made on January 1, 1977. (c) The director shall ensure compliance with this section with respect to buildings, installations, facilities, and roadside rest stops, and shall be responsible for collection of, and accounting for, vending machine income. Any limitation on the placement or operation of a vending machine based on a finding by a state department or agency that the placement or operation would adversely affect the interests of the state shall be fully justified in writing to the director. The director shall determine whether the limitation is justified, and if dissatisfied with the justification, may submit the matter for arbitration to the panel established by Section 19627. (d) All vending machine income which accrues to the department shall be used to establish retirement or pension plans, to provide health and life insurance contributions, paid sick leave, vacation time, or professional services needed by the committee of licensed blind vendors, subject to a vote of blind vendors as provided under paragraph (6) of subdivision (a) of Section 19629. Use of funds for provision of life insurance shall also be subject to the approval of the federal Rehabilitation Services Administration as required under paragraph (6) of subdivision (a) of Section 19629. (e) "Vending machine income" means receipts, other than those of a blind vendor, from vending machine operations on state property, after cost of goods sold at competitive prices, including reasonable service and maintenance costs, where the machines are operated, serviced, or maintained by, or with the approval of, a department or other agency of the state, or commissions paid, other than to a blind vendor, by a commercial vending concern which operates, services, and maintains vending machines on state property. (f) Vending machine income from vending machines on property referred to in subdivision (c) of Section 19625 shall, pursuant to agreement as there provided, accrue to (1) the blind vendor operating a vending facility on that property, or (2) in the event there is no blind vendor operating a facility on the property, to the department for the uses designated in subdivision (d) of this section. (g) (1) The amount of vending machine income accruing from vending machines on state property which may be used to contract for professional services, as provided in subdivision (d), shall be determined upon a vote of approval of three-fourths of the committee of licensed blind vendors. Under no circumstances shall the amount approved for professional services exceed 10 percent of the annual gross vendor machine income, as determined by the previous year's income. (2) The committee of licensed blind vendors may contract for the provision of professional services without the express approval of the Department of General Services. (h) Vending machine income accruing to the department from vending machines on federal property may be used for professional services pursuant to subdivisions (d) and (g) subject to the approval of the federal Rehabilitation Services Administration. If approved, the amount approved by the committee of licensed blind vendors in any fiscal year shall not exceed the annual gross income obtained from vending machines on state and federal property. The provisions of this section shall not apply to vending machine income from vending machines operated by existing, incorporated, employee-operated, nonprofit organizations that were incorporated prior to January 1, 1977. This subdivision shall not preclude preexisting or future arrangements for these organizations to share vending machine income with blind vendors.


19630.5. (a) The Blind Vendor Revolving Loan Fund is hereby created in the State Treasury, and, notwithstanding Section 13340 of the Government Code, is continuously appropriated without regard to fiscal years to the department for the purposes specified in this section. The fund shall be interest bearing. Commencing January 1, 2008, the fund is hereby renamed the BEP Vendor Loan Interest Rate Buy-Down Fund. (b) The fund shall consist of moneys appropriated to that fund by the Legislature, and notwithstanding Section 16305.7 of the Government Code, all interest, dividends, and pecuniary gains from investments or deposits of moneys in the fund. (c) (1) Moneys in the fund shall be used by the department for the purpose of reducing the interest that vendors are required to pay for loans issued by an eligible lender to purchase inventory and equipment for vending facilities. (2) The department shall make funding contingent upon the vendor's good standing in the Business Enterprises Program and a determination that the department has not paid interest on another loan obtained by the vendor. (3) Upon a determination that a vendor is eligible, the department shall pay, on behalf of the vendor, to an eligible lender, an amount not to exceed five thousand dollars ($5,000) to reduce the fair market interest rate of a loan described in paragraph (1) by up to 3 percent. (4) If a vendor fails to repay a loan to an eligible lender, the lender shall reimburse the fund for the fund's share of any interest not yet accrued as of the time of default by the vendor. (d) In determining eligibility for loan interest buy-down assistance from this fund, the department shall make any loan interest buy-down assistance contingent upon a determination that the blind vendor reasonably can be expected to repay the loan based on the vendor's expected income and that the applicant is currently an active vendor and has been in the Business Enterprises Program for at least one year. (e) For purposes of this section, "eligible lender" means a financial institution organized, chartered, or holding a license or authorization certificate under a law of this state or in the United States to make loans or extend credit and subject to supervision by an official or agency of this state or the United States. (f) Loan interest buy-down assistance pursuant to this section shall be made without regard to race, religion, creed, or sex. (g) The total amount of interest buy-down assistance that may be provided under this section is limited to the amount contained in the fund, and the state shall not be liable beyond the amount contained in that fund for these debts, obligations, and liabilities. (h) In the event that the total amount of loan interest buy-down assistance applied for under this section exceeds the total amount of assistance that may be provided pursuant to this section, the department may establish a system of priorities for the approval of applications.

19631. The department shall not cause or permit the establishment or placement of any blind vendor in a vending facility unless the director, in consultation with the committee of licensed blind vendors, first determines that the facility produces, or is likely to produce within a reasonable time, an adequate net income for a blind vendor. Nothing in this article prohibits the entity or person controlling property on which a vending facility is located from making, to the blind vendor operating it, payments in supplementation of proceeds realized from sales.


19632. (a) Licenses shall be issued only to applicants who are blind within the meaning of Section 19153 and who are qualified to operate vending facilities. The continuing eligibility of a vendor as a blind person shall be reviewed biennially for partially sighted individuals and whenever the department has reason to believe a vendor's status as a blind person no longer fits the definition set forth in Section 19153. (b) The director, in consultation with the committee of licensed blind vendors and the Program Manager of the Services for the Blind, shall adopt and publish regulations providing for all of the following: (1) The requirements for licensure as a blind vendor. (2) A curriculum for training and inservice training of blind vendors. (3) A regular schedule for offering the training and inservice training classes. The classes shall be offered at least once per year, in at least two locations throughout the state. (c) The person, governing board, or legislative body having the care, custody, and control of the building in which a vending facility is operated pursuant to this article, has the power to approve, disapprove, or withdraw approval of the person operating a vending facility, but only for good cause. Good cause shall be determined only after the person, governing board, or legislative body having control of the vending facility has notified the department in writing of the grounds for removal and has supplied any supporting material. All of the following shall apply to any disapproval or withdrawal of approval: (1) Upon receipt of a written notification, the department shall issue a letter of reprimand to the vendor which shall include a copy of the original notification and any supporting material. The letter of reprimand shall also state the date of removal and the vendor's right to appeal the decision of the director to remove, suspend, or terminate the vendor from participation in the Business Enterprises Program. The letter of reprimand shall be sent by certified mail with a receipt confirmation required. (2) Upon receipt of the letter of reprimand, the vendor shall have 15 regular working days to remedy the reasons for the complaint stated in the written notification. If the condition has not been rectified to the satisfaction of the person, governing board, or legislative body having control of the vending facility, that party shall notify the director, and the vendor shall be informed by the director and shall immediately vacate the premises. (3) The department shall make all reasonable efforts, as appropriate, to assist the vendor in rectifying the condition or reason for the complaint stated in the written notification to the department during the 15-day probation period. (4) The department may not orally, in writing, or by any other form of communication, instigate, initiate, or encourage a person, governing board, or legislative body having the control of the property in which a vending facility is operated to request the removal of a licensee. (d) Each license shall be issued for an indefinite period. A license may be terminated by the department for good cause but only after providing the licensee an opportunity for a full and fair hearing in accordance with the provisions of this article. The removal of a licensee upon the request of the person, governing board, or legislative body having the care, custody and control of the property in which a vending facility is operated shall not require a finding of ineligibility for licensing.


19633. The vendor of each vending facility is subject to the provisions of any ordinance of the county or city in which the facility is located requiring a license or permit for the conduct of such business, but any such license or permit shall be issued free of charge to a blind person licensed by the department.


19634. Blind persons who are authorized to operate vending facilities under this article may keep their guide dogs with them on the property while operating the vending facilities.


19635. Any blind vendor who is dissatisfied with any action arising from the operation or administration of the vending facility program may submit to the department a request for a full evidentiary hearing, which shall be provided by the department. If such blind vendor is dissatisfied with any action taken or decision rendered as a result of such hearing, he may file a complaint with the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare who shall convene a panel to arbitrate the dispute pursuant to Section 6 of the Randolph-Sheppard Act, and the decision of such panel shall be final and binding on the parties except as otherwise provided in that act.


19636. The director shall assign adequate personnel to carry out duties related to the administration of this article. In selecting personnel to fill any position under this section, the director shall comply with the discrimination prohibition of subdivision (a) of Section 12940 of the Government Code. The director shall review staffing annually. The committee of licensed blind vendors shall be allowed to provide input regarding the adequacy of the staffing levels for the Business Enterprises Program prior to the director's annual review.

19637. The director shall provide to each blind vendor access to all relevant financial data, including quarterly and annual financial reports on the operation of the state vending facility program and access to his or her performance rating or other personal data maintained by the department in regard to him or her. A copy of all completed audits, reports, and investigations which affect the Business Enterprises Program for the Blind shall be sent to the committee of licensed blind vendors.


19638. (a) The director shall conduct a biennial election by secret ballot of a committee of licensed blind vendors who shall be fully representative of all blind licensees in the state program. Representation shall be no less than one committee member for every 25 licensed vendors. At the discretion of the committee, major issues may be referred to a subcommittee of blind vendors, or to all the blind vendors in order to ascertain their views. Only licensed blind persons operating a facility shall serve on the committee or subcommittees, or vote in any poll or election authorized under this article. The members and subcommittee members shall be reimbursed for their actual and necessary expenses in participating in committee functions. (b) The director shall ensure that the participation of the committee of blind vendors is, at a minimum, equal to that required by Section 107b-1 of Title 20 of the United States Code. The responsibilities and actions of the committee of blind vendors shall include, but not be limited to: (1) Participation, with the department, in major administrative decisions and policy and program development. Any implementation of changes in administrative policy or program development that is within the discretion of the department shall occur only after review by this committee of licensed blind vendors. (2) Receiving grievances of blind vendors and serving as advocates for the vendors. (3) Participation, with the department, in the development and administration of a transfer and promotion system for blind vendors. (4) Participation, with the department, in developing training and retraining programs. (5) Sponsorship, with the assistance of the department, of meetings and instructional conferences for blind vendors. (c) The committee of licensed blind vendors may contract for professional services, including, but not limited to, legal counsel. Payment for professional services rendered to the committee of licensed blind vendors shall be made from state vending machine income pursuant to subdivisions (d) and (e) of Section 19630.


19639. (a) The director shall adopt and promulgate necessary rules and regulations, in compliance with Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code, and do all things necessary and proper to carry out this article. The director shall review these regulations for possible revision at least every three years. (b) These regulations shall include, but not be limited to: (1) Uniform procedures for vendor application and termination. (2) Criteria and standards for selecting vendors and matching vendors to facilities that shall ensure that the most qualified person is selected for a facility. (3) Equipment life standards and service standards for the inventory, repair, and purchase of equipment, as required under subdivision (a) of Section 19626.5. (4) The minimum requirements for installation of a facility. (5) A fair minimum of return to vendors. (6) Standards for training, in-service retraining, and upward mobility. (7) The policies and procedures used by the department for collection and deposit or disbursement of all vending facility income, including, but not limited to, the frequency, rules regarding, and method of collection of funds from facilities operated by licensed blind vendors and facilities operated by other individuals or entities. (c) The director shall provide a written copy of all rules and regulations adopted pursuant to this section to all vendors. Upon request by a vendor, the rules and regulations shall be supplied to the vendor as an audio recording in lieu of the written copy. In addition, the director shall notify all vendors of any proposed changes to the rules and regulations.


19640. (a) The department shall prepare and submit a report to the committee of licensed blind vendors and to any appropriate governmental agencies pursuant to Sections 20000 to 20050, inclusive, of the State Administrative Manual, on or before January 1, 1992, which shall include all of the following: (1) A list of all state property (as defined in Section 19625 of the Welfare and Institutions Code) and federal buildings or property, which already does or which could accommodate a vending facility as provided for in this article, or the federal Randolph-Sheppard Act (20 U.S.C. Sec. 107 et seq.). (2) For those buildings or locations which have a vending facility in place, an indication of which facilities are operated by licensed blind vendors as part of the Business Enterprises Program for the Blind, and which are operated by private entities. (3) For those vending facilities operated by a private entity, an indication of those from which commissions for the Business Enterprises Program for the Blind have been collected. (4) For those buildings or locations which do not have vending facilities in place, an indication of those in which a vending facility would appropriately be placed, or the reasons, as provided in paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 19627, why a vending facility is not feasible in that building or location. (b) The director shall obtain all available information from the Department of General Services to conduct a survey, in every odd-numbered year on or before June 30 of each odd-numbered year commencing with 1991, for incorporation into the report required under subdivision (a). The survey shall include, but not be limited to, all of the following: (1) The number and identity of state buildings. (2) The number and identity of those state buildings which have vending facilities or machines. (3) The number of employees located in each building, rather than in the field, during working hours. (4) The square footage of the building. (5) Other appropriate information requested by the department. (c) In preparing the report required by subdivision (a) and each of the updates required under subdivision (d), all departments and agencies which have vending machines or facilities shall cooperate with the department by providing information from the entities having care, custody, and control of any vending machines or facility, including, but not limited to, the terms of contracts for vending including fiscal terms, and the disbursement practices for vending machine income. The department shall incorporate this information into the report. (d) The report prepared by the department pursuant to this section shall be updated on or before January 1 of every even-numbered year, and this biennial update shall also be submitted to the committee of licensed blind vendors and the Legislature. (e) The reports and updates required by this section shall be used by the department and the committee to develop greater opportunities for placement of blind vendors and vending machines and facilities on state property.

19640.5. (a) Commencing with the 1991-92 fiscal year, the State Auditor shall conduct a fiscal audit every third fiscal year, until January 1, 2002, and a programmatic review and audit every five years, until January 1, 2003. (b) The Joint Legislative Audit Committee may review and report on the audit requirements imposed on the State Auditor by subdivision (a) on or before January 1, 2002, for the fiscal audit requirement, and on or before January 1, 2003, for the program review and audit requirement.


19641. The surviving spouse of a blind vendor operating a facility pursuant to this article shall have the right after the death of the blind vendor to operate the facility operated by the blind vendor immediately prior to his or her death if the spouse meets all of the following conditions: (a) The spouse is blind as that term is defined for purposes of this article. (b) The spouse has been certified as qualified to operate a vending facility prior to the death of the blind vendor, even if the spouse is not currently certified as qualified to operate a vending facility. (c) The spouse, within a period of one year after the death of the blind vendor, becomes certified as qualified to operate a vending facility by passing a certification examination with a score of at least 70 percent. (d) The spouse has assisted the blind vendor in the operation of the vending facility. A license shall be issued to a surviving spouse who meets the requirements in subdivisions (a) through (d). If the spouse needs to be recertified as qualified to operate a vending facility, the spouse shall have undergone at least a two-month supervised on-the-job training experience at the facility which the blind vendor operated. A spouse seeking to operate a vending facility pursuant to this section shall be permitted to operate the facility during the one-year period after the death of the blind vendor operating the facility without regard to the status of the spouse's certification, and the spouse shall be eligible during the one-year period after the death of the blind vendor for any training provided by the department, or any agency designated by the department, to persons seeking to become certified as qualified to operate a vending facility. This section shall apply to vending facilities where the death of the blind vendor operating the facility occurs on or after January 1, 1981.


Article 6. Blind Vending Operators Annuity Fund

Ca Codes (wic:19650-19652) Welfare And Institutions Code Section 19650-19652



19650. It is the intent of the Legislature in enacting this article to further carry out the purposes of this chapter by relieving blind vending stand operators from the distress of poverty brought about by illness or old age.

19651. From commissions collected in those facilities in which there are no blind vending stand operators licensed by the Department of Rehabilitation, the Department of Rehabilitation, upon a finding by the department that the vendors' retirement program is actuarially sound and fiscally solvent, shall contribute to an annuity plan for blind vending stand operators licensed by the Department of Rehabilitation pursuant to Section 19630 of this chapter or pursuant to Section 107a of Title 20 of the United States Code.


19652. (a) The Department of Rehabilitation shall: (1) Cooperate with or arrange through private carriers for the administration of an annuity plan pursuant to Sections 19650 and 19651. (2) In accomplishing the provisions of this subdivision the department shall establish and consult with the committee of licensed blind vendors. (b) The blind vending operators shall be deemed a group within the definition of Section 10200.5 of the Insurance Code who may be enrolled in a franchise or wholesale life insurance plan.


Chapter 7. Vocational Rehabilitation Appeals Board

Ca Codes (wic:19700-19709) Welfare And Institutions Code Section 19700-19709



19700. (a) There is in the department a Rehabilitation Appeals Board consisting of seven members, one of whom shall be designated chairperson. The chairperson and the members of the board shall be appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate for terms of four years. The members of the board shall be selected for their interest and leadership in activities to encourage and enable the disabled and otherwise disadvantaged to participate fully in the economic and social life of the community. (b) A majority of the members of the board shall be disabled persons who have overcome their disabilities, including those who have done so with the assistance of public agencies, and who are independently self-supporting in the regular businesses, professions, and occupations of the community. (c) No member of the board shall have a personal or financial interest that would affect his or her objectivity in matters before the board.


19700.1. For the purposes of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply: (a) "Appellant" means an applicant or client who has filed an oral or written request for an administrative review or a written request for a fair hearing. (b) "Applicant" means any individual who has applied for vocational rehabilitation or independent living services which the department provides. The term also refers to individuals who apply for such services and are found ineligible. (c) "Client" means any person receiving vocational rehabilitation or independent living services or support from the department.


19701. (a) The members of the board shall receive their actual and necessary traveling expenses incurred in the course of official duties. (b) In addition to subdivision (a), each member shall receive a per diem of one hundred dollars ($100) for each day actually spent in the discharge of official duties. Those payments shall be made from federal and state general fund moneys appropriated to the department.


19702. (a) The members of the board shall meet whenever required to hear appeals that have been filed with the board. Special meetings shall be approved by the director and called by the chairperson, who shall notify the other members of the time and place of those meetings. (b) The director, in consultation with the board, shall determine and provide necessary staff support and assistance for the board in conducting fair hearings and issuing decisions. (c) Three members of the board shall constitute a quorum for the performance of any duty or the exercise of any power of the board.


19703. (a) The provisions of this chapter relative to vocational rehabilitation or independent living services, or both, shall be administered fairly to the end that all persons who are eligible and apply for those services shall receive the services to which they are entitled under state and federal statutes and regulations promptly and with due consideration for their needs. (b) Any applicant for services, or client of the department shall be informed as to the provisions of eligibility and his or her responsibility for reporting facts material to a correct determination of his or her eligibility for services. (c) Any applicant for services, or client of the department who is denied vocational rehabilitation or independent living services, or both shall be notified in writing of the grounds on which the denial is based.

19704. If any applicant for, or client of, the department is dissatisfied with any action of the department relating to his or her application or receipt of services, or if any person who desires to apply for that assistance is refused the opportunity to submit a signed application therefor and is dissatisfied with that refusal, he or she shall, upon filing a request with the department within one year after the decision or action complained of, have a right to an administrative review and redetermination by a member or members of the supervisory staff of the department and a formal fair hearing before the Rehabilitation Appeals Board. An administrative review shall not delay a hearing before the board if that hearing is requested. The review shall be held and the decision of the reviewer shall be rendered to the applicant or client within 15 days of the date the request was filed. A fair hearing shall be held within 45 days of the date a written request is received by the board.


19705. (a) The department shall set the hearing specified in Section 19704 before the Rehabilitation Appeals Board and shall give all parties concerned written notice of the time and place of the hearing. (b) At the hearing, the appellant may appear in person, may be accompanied by a representative of his or her own choosing, or may designate a representative to appear on his or her behalf. The appellant may submit the matter on the written record and waive the right to appear at the hearing. (c) Upon a joint request of the parties or upon a showing of good cause by either party, the board may grant extensions of time or continuances of the hearing.


19706. (a) In each appeal to the Rehabilitation Appeals Board, the written notification required by Section 19703, and, if applicable, the decision of the reviewer required pursuant to Section 19704, shall form part of the record. (b) Three or more members of the board shall hear all relevant evidence and shall consider each case on the basis of the laws and regulations controlling the department and shall render a final decision that has been approved by a majority of the board members present at the hearing within 45 days. (c) The board shall send its written decision by certified mail to the appellant, the appellant's authorized representative, and the department.

19708. (a) Information in the appellant's case record shall, upon request and proper identification, be disclosed to the person or his or her authorized representative. Medical, psychological, or other information which the department believes may be harmful to the person shall not be released directly to that person, but shall be provided through his or her authorized representative, including, but not limited to, a physician or a licensed or certified psychologist. All records made or kept by any public officer or agency in connection with the administration of any vocational rehabilitation program shall be open for inspection by the applicant or client to which the information relates and by any other person authorized in writing by the applicant or client. The written authorization shall be dated and signed by the applicant or client and shall expire one year from the date of execution. (b) In the event of any hearing under the provisions of this chapter, the authorized representative of the appellant shall be entitled to inspect the case record relating to the appellant prior to, as well as during, the hearing.


19709. (a) The appellant, within six months after receiving notice of the board's final decision, may file a petition with the superior court, under Section 1094.5 of the Code of Civil Procedure, praying for a review of the entire proceedings in the matter, upon questions of law involved in the case. The review, if granted, shall be the exclusive remedy available to the appellant for review of the board's final decision. The department shall be the sole respondent in the proceedings. (b) No filing fee shall be required for the filing of a petition pursuant to this section. Any of these petitions to the superior court shall be entitled to a preference in setting a date for hearing on the petition. No bond shall be required in the case of any petition for review, nor in any appeal therefrom. The appellant shall be entitled to reasonable attorney's fees and costs, if he or she obtains a decision in his or her favor.


Chapter 8. Job Development

Ca Codes (wic:19725) Welfare And Institutions Code Section 19725



19725. (a) For the purpose of providing self-employment opportunities for those severely handicapped clients of the Department of Rehabilitation who are determined by the department to be eligible for such a program, the authorized officials of any county, city, city and county, or other political subdivision of the state may enter into appropriate written agreements with the Department of Rehabilitation providing for the installation and operation of business facilities on property owned or occupied by the various political subdivisions. The Business Development Services Section of the Department of Rehabilitation shall supervise the operation of such facilities. The department shall promulgate rules and regulations relating to the establishment and operation of the business facilities. (b) For the purpose of this section, business facilities shall not include vending stands or food service facilities authorized by the Business Enterprise for the Blind Program established by Article 5 (commencing with Section 19625) of Chapter 6 of Part 2 of Division 10 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, and nothing in this section shall be construed to affect in any way the Business Enterprises for the Blind Program.


Chapter 8.5. Independent Living Rehabilitation Services

Ca Codes (wic:19750-19755) Welfare And Institutions Code Section 19750-19755



19750. The purpose of this chapter is to establish program standards and authorize procedures utilized for subgranting funds, auditing records, and monitoring the delivery of services pursuant to the Independent Living Services Program created pursuant to this chapter.


19751. The department shall administer the Independent Living Services Program. This program shall provide services to individuals with severe disabilities, in accordance with federal law. The department shall, in the administration of the program, subgrant its allocation of federal funds, and shall comply with all requirements set forth in the federal Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and any subsequent amendments thereto, and with all rules and regulations adopted thereunder.

19752. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, expenditures shall be limited to providing only those services specified in Section 706 of Title 29 of the United States Code, when those services cannot be secured through any other source of funding. Services shall only be provided to the extent that federal funds designated for ILRS have been received by the department.


19753. Financial need shall be considered in the furnishing or denial of independent living services in accordance with the federal Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and any subsequent amendments thereto, and regulations adopted thereunder.

19754. To ensure high quality services and proper and effective expenditure of funds, the department may monitor services provided by, or conduct a fiscal review or audit the records of, any agency, organization, or facility receiving funds pursuant to this chapter. When the department chooses to monitor services or conduct an audit or fiscal review, the agency, organization, or facility shall cooperate with the department to the fullest extent possible. If the department determines that funds have been improperly expended, the department shall be reimbursed by the subgrantee for the amount of the overpayment.

19755. (a) Pursuant to Sections 19006 and 19016, the department shall promulgate regulations necessary to carry out the purposes of this chapter. (b) Regulations adopted to implement this chapter shall be adopted as emergency regulations in accordance with Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code. The adoption of these regulations shall be deemed an emergency and necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health and safety, or general welfare.


Chapter 9. Independent Living Centers

Ca Codes (wic:19800-19806) Welfare And Institutions Code Section 19800-19806



19800. The Legislature hereby finds and declares that individuals with disabilities comprise a large percentage of California's total population and that action is necessary to assist these individuals in their attempts to live fuller and freer lives outside institutions. To achieve this, it is necessary to: (a) Provide state funding to maintain the services provided by existing independent living centers and, where feasible, encourage the establishment of new centers which provide services to individuals with disabilities; and (b) Vest in the Department of Rehabilitation the responsibility and authority for the encouragement of the planning, developing, and funding of independent living centers. The Department of Rehabilitation shall consult with existing independent living centers and the State Independent Living Council in this state regarding funding procedures and decisions.


19801. An independent living center shall: (a) Be a private, nonprofit organization controlled by a board of directors. A majority of the board shall be comprised of individuals with disabilities. (b) Be staffed by persons trained to assist persons with disabilities in achieving social and economic independence. The staff shall include as large a proportion as is practicable of individuals with disabilities. (c) Provide, but not be limited to, the following services to individuals with disabilities: (1) Peer counseling. (2) Advocacy. (3) Attendant referral. (4) Housing assistance. (5) Information and referral. (d) Provide other services and referrals as may be deemed necessary, such as transportation, job development, equipment maintenance and evaluation, training in independent living skills, mobility assistance, assistive technology, and communication assistance. Assistive technology may include information and outreach about appropriate assistive technology devices or services and referrals that will enable individuals to gain access to assistive technology in order to meet their needs and expand options for independence and productivity. Assistive technology activities shall involve collaboration with the Department of Rehabilitation and the nonprofit contractor selected to implement the federal Assistive Technology Act of 1998 (P.L. 105-394), which shall serve as the framework for offering assistance to individuals with disabilities. (e) Promote and practice the independent living philosophy of: (1) Consumer control of the center regarding decisionmaking, service delivery, management, and establishment of the policy and direction of the center. (2) Self-help and self-advocacy. (3) Development of peer relationships and peer role models. (4) Equal access of individuals with disabilities to society and to all services, programs activities, resources, and facilities, whether public or private and regardless of the funding source.


19802. For the purposes of this chapter, an "individual with a disability" is as defined pursuant to the Federal Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 706 of Title 29 of the United States Code), as amended in 1992.

19803. Services provided to individuals with disabilities shall be tailored to suit the individual needs and shall be available to individuals with all types of disabilities.


19804. An independent living center shall not operate in conjunction with or be affiliated with a residential living center.


19805. (a) The Department of Rehabilitation may advance to an independent living center an amount, each month, not in excess of one-twelfth of the annual allocation for the independent living center. (b) The Department of Rehabilitation may advance to any contractor or grantee receiving funds pursuant to this chapter an amount, each month, not in excess of one-twelfth of the annual allocation for the contractor or grantee. (c) To obtain approval by the department for a funding advance pursuant to this section, a grantee of a funding advance shall meet accounting and reporting criteria established by the Department of Rehabilitation.


19806. (a) An independent living center shall not be required to provide any matching funds through private contributions as a condition of receiving state funds except to acquire state incentive funds. (b) Each independent living center, except those centers which have been both established and maintained using federal funding under Title VII(c) of the federal Rehabilitation Act of 1973 as amended as their primary base grant, as determined by the department, shall receive to the extent funds are appropriated by the Legislature, at least two hundred thirty-five thousand dollars ($235,000) in base grant funds allocated by the department. The department shall allocate to those centers with Title VII(c) base grant funds of less than two hundred thirty-five thousand dollars ($235,000) an amount that, when combined with the Title VII(c) grant, equals two hundred thirty-five thousand dollars ($235,000). (c) State funds described in subdivision (b) may be replaced by reimbursements under the Supplemental Security Disability Insurance and the Supplemental Security Income programs provided for under Titles II and XVII of the Federal Social Security Act, Subchapter II (commencing with Section 401) and Subchapter XVII (commencing with Section 1381) of Chapter 7 of Title 42 of the United States Code to the extent appropriated by the Legislature and allocated by the department to independent living centers under this chapter. Beginning with the 1998-99 fiscal year, and each year thereafter, to the extent these funds from the Social Security Act are not appropriated by the Legislature as were appropriated in the 1997-98 fiscal year, an amount equal to the combined state and federal fund allocation to independent living centers in the Budget Act of 1997 shall be appropriated to, and allocated by, the department to independent living centers under this chapter. (d) (1) Available state incentive funds shall be allocated at the beginning of each fiscal year based upon the average amount of private contributions received by the independent living center in the second and third preceding fiscal years. (2) The maximum amount of incentive funds that may be allocated to any independent living center in any single fiscal year shall be computed as follows: (A) "Pool One" is defined as 60 percent of all state incentive funds. "Pool Two" is defined as 40 percent of all state incentive funds. Each independent living center shall be entitled to an equal portion of Pool One, not to exceed the amounts raised pursuant to paragraph (1). (B) Incentive funds from Pool One not used after the initial allocation pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall be added to Pool Two for allocation among all centers that had unmatched private contributions after distribution of Pool One funds. Pool Two funds shall be awarded in direct proportion to each center's percentage of the total remaining unmatched private contributions raised by those independent living centers. (3) For the purpose of determining eligibility for state incentive funds, any independent living center that uses a fiscal year other than the state fiscal year may elect to use a different fiscal year so long as the closing date of the fiscal year so elected does not precede the closing date of the equivalent state fiscal year by more than 11 months. (4) The amount of private contributions claimed by an independent living center for each fiscal year shall be verified by the department by utilizing appropriate financial records including, but not limited to, independent audits. Audits may be performed by the department up to three years from the close of the fiscal year during which state incentive funds were received by the independent living center being audited. (5) State incentive funds that are not distributed to independent living centers shall not be allocated or retained by the department for distribution as state incentive funds in later fiscal years. (e) For purposes of this section: (1) "Private funds" does not include any funds originating from any entity of the federal, state, city, or county government or any political subdivision thereof. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, fees from any source for services provided may be included as private contributions by an independent living center for purposes of determining its allocation of incentive funds. (2) "State incentive funds" means state funds appropriated by the Legislature for purposes of this chapter, except those funds allocated by the department pursuant to subdivisions (b) and (g) of this section. (f) Any funds allocated under this chapter to any independent living center, other than as part of the initial allocation for each fiscal year, shall be made by contract amendment. Any contract amendment shall require the provision of services in addition to those required by the contract being amended. All those services required by contract amendment shall not be performed prior to the date the contract amendment is approved by the state. (g) To the extent funds are appropriated by the Legislature for the purpose of providing assistive technology services described in subdivision (d) of Section 19801, two hundred ten thousand dollars ($210,000) of those funds shall be allocated to the nonprofit contractor selected by the Department of Rehabilitation to coordinate delivery of assistive technology services and the remainder shall be allocated equally among independent living centers. The nonprofit contractor shall provide statewide assistive technology information and referral and serve as a resource to the independent living centers' assistive technology service programs. (h) To the extent funds are appropriated by the Legislature, after allocation of base grant and incentive funds and assistive technology funds, remaining funds shall be allocated by the department among independent living centers on the basis of the ratio of the total of the general population in an independent living center's geographic service areas as compared to the total of the general population in all independent living centers geographic services area statewide. The department shall adopt regulations for the distribution of population funds by June 30, 1999.


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