Law:Division 0.5. Preliminary Provisions (California)

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Contents

Chapter 1. General Provisions

Ca Codes (elec:1-17) Elections Code Section 1-17



1. This act shall be known as the Elections Code.


2. The provisions of this code, insofar as they are substantially the same as existing statutory provisions relating to the same subject matter, shall be construed as restatements and continuations, and not as new enactments.

3. If any provision of this code or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the code and the application of that provision to other persons or circumstances shall not be affected thereby.

4. Unless the provision or the context otherwise requires, these general provisions, rules of construction, and definitions shall govern the construction of this code.


5. Division, part, chapter, article, and section headings do not in any manner affect the scope, meaning, or intent of this code.


6. Whenever a power is granted to, or a duty is imposed upon, a public officer, the power may be exercised or the duty may be performed by a deputy of the officer or by a person authorized, pursuant to law, by the officer, unless this code expressly provides otherwise.


7. Writing includes any form of recorded message capable of comprehension by ordinary visual means. Whenever any notice, report, statement or record is required or authorized by this code, it shall be made in writing in the English language unless it is expressly provided otherwise.


8. As used in this code, the present tense includes the past and future tenses, and the future the present; the masculine gender includes the feminine; and the singular includes the plural, and the plural, the singular.

9. (a) Counting of words, for purposes of this code, shall be as follows: (1) Punctuation is not counted. (2) Each word shall be counted as one word except as specified in this section. (3) All geographical names shall be considered as one word; for example, "City and County of San Francisco" shall be counted as one word. (4) Each abbreviation for a word, phrase, or expression shall be counted as one word. (5) Hyphenated words that appear in any generally available standard reference dictionary, published in the United States at any time within the 10 calendar years immediately preceding the election for which the words are counted, shall be considered as one word. Each part of all other hyphenated words shall be counted as a separate word. (6) Dates consisting of a combination of words and digits shall be counted as two words. Dates consisting only of a combination of digits shall be counted as one word. (7) Any number consisting of a digit or digits shall be considered as one word. Any number which is spelled, such as "one," shall be considered as a separate word or words. "One" shall be counted as one word whereas "one hundred" shall be counted as two words. "100" shall be counted as one word. (8) Telephone numbers shall be counted as one word. (9) Internet web site addresses shall be counted as one word. (b) This section shall not apply to counting words for ballot designations under Section 13107.


10. The Secretary of State is the chief elections officer of the state, and has the powers and duties specified in Section 12172.5 of the Government Code.

11. On written call of the Secretary of State, the county elections officials, city elections officials, and registrars of voters of this state may meet with the approval of their legislative bodies, at the time and place within this state designated in the call, to discuss matters affecting the administration of the election laws and to promote uniformity of procedure in those matters. Meetings shall not exceed three in any calendar year. Any deputy of a county elections official, city elections official, or registrar of voters, designated for the purpose by his or her principal, may attend these meetings, alone or with his or her principal. The actual and necessary expenses of the county elections official, city elections official, or registrar of voters, and of a deputy, incurred in traveling to and from meetings and in attending the same, for each officer for any one meeting, shall be a charge of the county or city of the elections official or registrar, and payable as other county or city charges.

12. Whenever any candidate files a declaration of candidacy, nomination paper, or any other paper evidencing an intention to be a candidate for any public office at any election in this state with either the Secretary of State or a county elections official, the candidate shall by the filing irrevocably appoint the Secretary of State or the county elections official with whom the filing is made, and their successors in office, the candidate's attorneys upon whom all process in any action or proceeding against him or her concerning his or her candidacy or the election laws may be served with the same effect as if the candidate had been lawfully served with process. The appointment shall continue until the day of the election. If in any action or proceeding arising out of or in connection with any matters concerning his or her candidacy or the election laws it is shown by affidavit to the satisfaction of a court or judge that personal service of process against the candidate cannot be made with the exercise of due diligence, the court or judge may make an order that the service be made upon the candidate by delivering by hand to the Secretary of State or the county elections official appointed as the candidate's attorney for service of process, or to any person employed in his or her office in the capacity of assistant or deputy, one copy of the process for the defendant to be served, together with a copy of the order authorizing the service. Service in this manner constitutes personal service upon the candidate. The Secretary of State and the county elections officials of all counties shall keep a record of all process served upon them under this section, and shall record therein the time of service and their action with reference thereto. Upon the receipt of service of process the Secretary of State or the county elections official shall immediately give notice of the service of the process to the candidate by forwarding the copy of the process to the candidate at the address shown on his or her declaration, nomination paper, affidavit, or other evidence of intention to be a candidate filed with that officer, by special delivery registered mail with request for return receipt.


13. (a) No person shall be considered a legally qualified candidate for any office, for party nomination for a partisan office, or for nomination to participate in the general election for any voter-nominated office, under the laws of this state unless that person has filed a declaration of candidacy or statement of write-in candidacy with the proper official for the particular election or primary, or is entitled to have his or her name placed on a general election ballot by reason of having been nominated at a primary election, or having been selected to fill a vacancy on the general election ballot as provided in Section 8806, or having been selected as an independent candidate pursuant to Section 8304. (b) Nothing in this section shall be construed as preventing or prohibiting any qualified voter of this state from casting a ballot for any person by writing the name of that person on the ballot, or from having that ballot counted or tabulated, nor shall any provision of this section be construed as preventing or prohibiting any person from standing or campaigning for any elective office by means of a "write-in" campaign. However, nothing in this section shall be construed as an exception to the requirements of Section 15341. (c) It is the intent of the Legislature, in enacting this section, to enable the Federal Communications Commission to determine who is a "legally qualified candidate" in this state for the purposes of administering Section 315 of Title 47 of the United States Code.


13.5. (a) (1) Notwithstanding subdivision (a) of Section 13, no person shall be considered a legally qualified candidate for any of the offices set forth in subdivision (b) unless that person has filed a declaration of candidacy, nomination papers, or statement of write-in candidacy, accompanied by documentation, including, but not necessarily limited to, certificates, declarations under penalty of perjury, diplomas, or official correspondence, sufficient to establish, in the determination of the official with whom the declaration or statement is filed, that the person meets each qualification established for service in that office by the provision referenced in subdivision (b). (2) The provision of "documentation," for purposes of compliance with the requirements of paragraph (1), may include the submission of either an original, as defined in Section 255 of the Evidence Code, or a duplicate, as defined in Section 260 of the Evidence Code. (b) This section shall be applicable to the following offices and qualifications therefor: (1) For the office of county auditor, the qualifications set forth in Sections 26945 and 26946 of the Government Code. (2) For the office of county district attorney, the qualifications set forth in Sections 24001 and 24002 of the Government Code. (3) For the office of county sheriff, the qualifications set forth in Section 24004.3 of the Government Code. (4) For the office of county superintendent of schools, the qualifications set forth in Sections 1205 to 1208, inclusive, of the Education Code. (5) For the office of judge of the superior court, the qualifications set forth in Section 15 of Article VI of the California Constitution. (6) For the office of county treasurer, county tax collector, or county treasurer-tax collector, the qualifications set forth in Section 27000.7 of the Government Code, provided that the board of supervisors has adopted the provisions of that section pursuant to Section 27000.6 of the Government Code.


14. In case of a disaster in which a portion or all of the voting records of any county are destroyed, the Governor may appoint an election commission to outline and recommend procedures to be followed in the conduct of regular or special elections. The commission shall consist of the Governor, the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, and the county elections official of each county in which destruction occurs.


15. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if the last day for the performance of any act provided for or required by this code shall be a holiday, as defined in Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 6700) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code, the act may be performed upon the next business day with the same effect as if it had been performed upon the day appointed. For purposes of this section, the Friday in November immediately after Thanksgiving Day shall be considered a holiday.


16. A copy of Section 84305 of the Government Code shall be provided by the elections official to each candidate or his or her agent at the time of filing the declaration of candidacy and to the proponents of a local initiative or referendum at the time of filing the petitions.


17. The Secretary of State shall establish and maintain administrative complaint procedures, pursuant to the requirements of the Help America Vote Act of 2002 (42 U.S.C. Sec. 15512), in order to remedy grievances in the administration of elections. The Secretary of State may not require that the administrative remedies provided in the complaint procedures established pursuant to this section be exhausted in order to pursue any other remedies provided by state or federal law.


Chapter 2. Petitions And Petition Signers

Ca Codes (elec:100-106) Elections Code Section 100-106



100. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever any initiative, referendum, recall, nominating petition or paper, or any other petition or paper, is required to be signed by voters of any county, city, school district, or special district subject to petitioning, only a person who is an eligible registered voter at the time of signing the petition or paper is entitled to sign it. Each signer shall at the time of signing the petition or paper personally affix his or her signature, printed name, and place of residence, giving street and number, and if no street or number exists, then a designation of the place of residence which will enable the location to be readily ascertained. A space at least one inch wide shall be left blank after each name for the use of the elections official in verifying the petition or paper. The part of a petition for the voters' signatures, printed names, and residence addresses and for the blank spaces for verification purposes shall be numbered consecutively commencing with the number one and continuing through the number of signature spaces allotted to each section. The petition format shall be substantially in the following form: Official Use Only


| (Residence | | (Print Name) Address | |1. __________________ ONLY) | | (Signature) ____________________ | | (City) | | | | (Residence | | Address | | (Print Name) ONLY) | |2. __________________ ____________________ | | (Signature) (City) | ---------------------------------------------------


100. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, whenever an initiative, referendum, recall, nominating petition or paper, or any other petition or paper, is required to be signed by voters of a county, city, school district, or special district subject to petitioning, only a person who is an eligible registered voter at the time of signing the petition or paper is entitled to sign the petition or paper. A person who submits his or her affidavit of registration pursuant to subdivision (d) of Section 2102 is not eligible to sign a petition or paper unless at the time of the signing of the petition or paper he or she is 18 years of age. (b) A signer shall at the time of signing the petition or paper personally affix his or her signature, printed name, and place of residence, including the street and number of the place of residence, and if no street or number for the place of residence exists, then a designation of the place of residence that will enable the location to be readily ascertained. A space at least one inch wide shall be left blank after each name for the use of the elections official in verifying the petition or paper. (c) The part of a petition for the signatures, printed names, and residence addresses of the voters and for the blank spaces for verification purposes shall be numbered consecutively commencing with the number one and continuing through the number of signature spaces allotted to each section. The petition format shall be substantially in the following form:


Official Use Only

+------------------+------------------+------------+ | (Print | (Residence | | | Name) | Address | | |1. _______________| ONLY) | | | (Signature) |__________________| | | | (City) | | +------------------+------------------+------------+ | | (Residence | | | | Address | | | (Print Name) | ONLY) | | |2. _______________|__________________| | | (Signature) | (City) | | +------------------+------------------+------------+


100.5. Notwithstanding Section 100, a voter who is unable to personally affix on a petition or paper the information required by Section 100 may request another person to print the voter's name and place of residence on the appropriate spaces of the petition or paper, but the voter shall personally affix his or her mark or signature on the appropriate space of the petition or paper, which shall be witnessed by one person by subscribing his or her name thereon.

101. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any state or local initiative petition required to be signed by voters shall contain in 12-point type, prior to that portion of the petition for voters' signatures, printed names, and residence addresses, the following language: "NOTICE TO THE PUBLIC THIS PETITION MAY BE CIRCULATED BY A PAID SIGNATURE GATHERER OR A VOLUNTEER. YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO ASK."


102. A person who is a voter or who is qualified to register to vote in this state may circulate an initiative or referendum petition in accordance with this code. A person who is a voter may circulate a recall petition in accordance with this code.


103. A voter who has signed an initiative, referendum, or recall petition pursuant to the Constitution or laws of this state shall have his or her signature withdrawn from the petition upon filing a written request therefor with the appropriate county elections official or city elections official prior to the day the petition is filed. A written request made under this section shall not constitute a petition or paper for purposes of Section 104.


104. (a) Wherever any petition or paper is submitted to the elections official, each section of the petition or paper shall have attached to it a declaration signed by the circulator of the petition or paper, setting forth, in the circulator's own hand, the following: (1) The printed name of the circulator. (2) The residence address of the circulator, giving street and number, or if no street or number exists, adequate designation of residence so that the location may be readily ascertained. (3) The dates between which all the signatures to the petition or paper were obtained. (b) Each declaration submitted pursuant to this section shall also set forth the following: (1) That the circulator circulated that section and witnessed the appended signatures being written. (2) That according to the best information and belief of the circulator, each signature is the genuine signature of the person whose name it purports to be. (c) The circulator shall certify to the content of the declaration as to its truth and correctness, under penalty of perjury under the laws of the State of California, with the signature of his or her name at length, including given name, middle name or initial, or initial and middle name. The circulator shall state the date and the place of execution on the declaration immediately preceding his or her signature.


105. For purposes of verifying signatures on any initiative, referendum, recall, nomination, or other election petition or paper, the elections official shall determine that the residence address on the petition or paper is the same as the residence address on the affidavit of registration. If the addresses are different, or if the petition or paper does not specify the residence address, or, in the case of an initiative or referendum petition, if the information specified in Section 9020 is not contained in the petition, the affected signature shall not be counted as valid. Any signature invalidated pursuant to this section shall not affect the validity of other valid signatures on the particular petition or paper.


106. Notwithstanding any other provision of law: (a) Any registered voter who is a candidate for any office may obtain signatures to and sign his or her own nomination papers. The candidate's signature shall be given the same effect as that of any other qualified signer. (b) Any person engaged in obtaining signatures to the nomination papers of a candidate for any office or to any recall, initiative or referendum petition, may, if otherwise qualified to sign the papers or petition, sign the papers or petition. The signature of the person shall be given the same effect as that of any other qualified signer.


Chapter 3. Nominations

Ca Codes (elec:200-201) Elections Code Section 200-201



200. Notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary, there shall be set forth in full in the declaration of candidacy required for any primary or final election the oath or affirmation set forth in Section 3 of Article XX of the Constitution.


201. Unless otherwise specifically provided, no person is eligible to be elected or appointed to an elective office unless that person is a registered voter and otherwise qualified to vote for that office at the time that nomination papers are issued to the person or at the time of the person's appointment.


Chapter 4. Definitions

Ca Codes (elec:300-362) Elections Code Section 300-362



300. (a) "Vote by mail voter" means any voter casting a ballot in any way other than at the polling place. (b) "Special absentee voter" means an elector who is any of the following: (1) A member of the Armed Forces of the United States or any auxiliary branch thereof. (2) A citizen of the United States temporarily living outside of the territorial limits of the United States or the District of Columbia. (3) Serving on a merchant vessel documented under the laws of the United States. (4) A spouse or dependent of a member of the Armed Forces or any auxiliary branch thereof.


300.5. "Affiliated with a political party" as used in reference to a voter or to a candidate for a voter-nominated office means the party preference that the voter or candidate has disclosed on his or her affidavit of registration.

301. A "ballot" means any of the following: (a) A single card with prescored, number positions that is marked by the voter with a punching device and the accompanying reference page or pages containing the names of candidates and the ballot titles of measures to be voted on with numbered positions corresponding to the numbers on the card. (b) One or more cards upon which are printed the names of the candidates and the ballot titles of measures to be voted on by punching or marking in the designated area. (c) One or more sheets of paper upon which are printed the names of candidates and the ballot titles of measures to be voted on by marking the designated area and that are tabulated manually or by optical scanning equipment. (d) A large sheet of paper upon which is printed the names of candidates and ballot titles of measures to be voted on by pressing the designated area on a direct-recording electronic device. (e) An electronic touchscreen upon which appears the names of candidates and ballot titles of measures to be voted on by touching the designated area on the screen of a direct-recording electronic device.


302. "Ballot card" means a card or a number of cards upon which are printed, or identified by reference to the ballot, the names of candidates for nomination or election to one or more offices or the ballot titles of one or more measures. The ballot card shall also contain proper blank spaces to allow the voter to write in names not printed on the ballot unless a separate write-in ballot is used. The separate write-in ballot may be a paper ballot, a card, or the envelope used to enclose a ballot card. Determination of the format of a separate write-in ballot shall be within the discretion of the elections board. The separate write-in ballot shall provide a blank space followed by the word "office" and a second blank space followed by the word "name" for purposes of facilitating write-in votes for offices for which write-in votes may be cast, or may provide a space for writing in the name followed by a space for punching or slotting in order that the vote may be tabulated. All separate write-in ballots may, in the discretion of the elections board, have attached thereto two stubs that comply with Section 13261 regarding the stubs attached to a ballot card, except that the information required under subdivisions (c) to (g), inclusive, of Section 13261 and instructions to voters on how to vote for persons whose names do not appear on the ballot may be printed on the write-in ballot and not upon a stub. Any serial numbers appearing on the write-in ballot stubs need not be identical to the serial numbers appearing on the stubs attached to the ballot card or cards handed to the voter. Sections 13002 to 13007, inclusive, shall not apply to the preparation and composition of separate write-in ballots authorized by this section. Sections 14403 and 14404 shall not apply to separate write-in ballots used in an election in which a punchcard voting system is used.


303. "Ballot label" means that portion of the ballot containing the names of the candidates or a statement of a measure. For statewide measures, the ballot label shall contain no more than 75 words and shall be a condensed version of the ballot title and summary including the fiscal impact summary prepared pursuant to Section 9087 of this code and Section 88003 of the Government Code.


303.5. (a) "Ballot title" is the name of a statewide measure included in the ballot label and the ballot title and summary. (b) "Ballot title and summary" means the summary of the chief purpose and points including the fiscal impact summary of any measure that appears in the state ballot pamphlet. The ballot title and summary shall include a statement of the measure's fiscal impact. This summary shall not exceed 100 words, not including the fiscal impact statement. (c) (1) "Circulating title and summary" means the text that is required to be placed on a petition for signatures that is either one of the following: (A) The summary of the chief purpose and points of a proposed initiative measure that affects the Constitution or laws of the state, and the fiscal impact of the proposed initiative measure. (B) The summary of the chief purpose and points of a referendum measure that affects a law or laws of the state. (2) The circulating title and summary shall not exceed 100 words, not including the fiscal impact summary.


304. "Campaign advertising or communication" means a communication authorized by a candidate or a candidate's controlled committee, as defined in Section 82016 of the Government Code, or by a committee making independent expenditures, as defined in Section 82031 of the Government Code, or by a committee formed primarily to support or oppose a ballot measure, as defined in Section 82047.5 of the Government Code, for the purpose of advocating the election or defeat of a qualified candidate or ballot measure through any broadcasting station, newspaper, magazine, outdoor advertising facility, direct mailing, or any other type of general, public, political advertising.


305. (a)"Candidate," for purposes of Section 2184, includes any person who declares in writing, under penalty of perjury that he or she is a candidate, naming the office. (b) "Candidate," as used in Article 1 (commencing with Section 20200) of Chapter 3 of Division 20, means an individual listed on the ballot, or who has qualified to have write-in votes on his or her behalf counted by election officials, for nomination or for election to any elective state or local office, or who receives a contribution or makes an expenditure or gives his or her consent for any other person to receive a contribution or makes an expenditure with a view to bringing about his or her nomination or election to any elective state or local office, whether or not the specific elective office for which he or she will seek nomination or election is known at the time the contribution is received or the expenditure is made. The term "candidate" includes any officeholder who is subject to a recall election. (c) "Candidate for public office," as used in Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 20400) of Division 20, means an individual who has qualified to have his or her name listed on the ballot of any election, or who has qualified to have written votes on his or her behalf counted by election officials, for nomination for, or election to, any state, regional, county, municipal, or district office which is filled at an election.

306. "City measure" includes any proposed city charter, any proposed amendment to a city charter, any proposition for the issuance of bonds by the city, any advisory question, or any other question or proposition submitted to the voters of a city.


307. "Clerk" means the county elections official, registrar of voters, city clerk, or other officer or board charged with the duty of conducting any election.


308. "District elections official," for the purposes of initiative and referendum under Article 1 (commencing with Section 9300) of Chapter 4 of Division 9, includes the county elections official or other officer or board charged with performing the duties required of the clerk of the district by that chapter.


309. "Committee," as used in Article 1 (commencing with Section 20200) of Chapter 3 of Division 20, means any person or combination of persons who, directly or indirectly, receive contributions or make expenditures or contributions for the purpose of influencing or attempting to influence the action of voters for or against the nomination or election of one or more candidates, or the passage, or defeat of any measure, and who is required to file campaign reports or statements under Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 84100) of Title 9 of the Government Code.


310. "County" and "city" both include "city and county."


312. "County measure" includes any proposed county charter, any proposed amendment to a county charter, any proposition for the issuance of funding or refunding bonds of the county, any other question or proposition submitted to the voters of a county at any election held throughout an entire single county, any advisory question, or any bond proposal or any advisory question submitted to the voters of any public district although the boundaries of the district may be coterminous with those of the county.


313. "County office" means the office filled by any county officer.


314. "County officer" means any elected officer enumerated in Division 2 (commencing with Section 24000) of Title 3 of the Government Code.

316. "Direct primary" is the primary election held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in June in each even-numbered year, to nominate candidates to be voted for at the ensuing general election or to elect members of a party central committee.


317. "District," for purposes of initiative and referendum under Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 9300) of Division 9, includes any regional agency that has the power to tax, to regulate land use, or to condemn and purchase land.

318. "Election" means any election including a primary that is provided for under this code.


319. "Election board" means the board of supervisors of each county, the city council or other governing body of a city, or any board or officer to whom similar powers and duties are given by any charter.

319.5. "Electioneering" means the visible display or audible dissemination of information that advocates for or against any candidate or measure on the ballot within 100 feet of a polling place, an elections official's office, or a satellite location under Section 3018. Prohibited electioneering information includes, but is not limited to, any of the following: (a) A display of a candidate's name, likeness, or logo. (b) A display of a ballot measure's number, title, subject, or logo. (c) Buttons, hats, pencils, pens, shirts, signs, or stickers containing electioneering information. (d) Dissemination of audible electioneering information.


320. "Elections official" means any of the following: (a) A clerk or any person who is charged with the duty of conducting an election. (b) A county clerk, city clerk, registrar of voters, or elections supervisor having jurisdiction over elections within any county, city, or district within the state.

321. "Elector" means any person who is a United States citizen 18 years of age or older and a resident of an election precinct at least 15 days prior to an election.


322. "Electoral jurisdiction," as used in Division 11 (commencing with Section 11000), means the area within which the voters reside who are qualified to vote for the officer sought to be recalled.


323. "Federal election" means any presidential election, general election, primary election, or special election held solely or in part for the purpose of selecting, nominating, or electing any candidate for the office of President, Vice President, presidential elector, Member of the United States Senate, or Member of the United States House of Representatives.


324. (a) "General election" means either of the following: (1) The election held throughout the state on the first Tuesday after the first Monday of November in each even-numbered year. (2) Any statewide election held on a regular election date as specified in Section 1000. (b) At each general election there shall be elected to the Congress of the United States: (1) One Representative for each congressional district. (2) One Senator, when the general election immediately precedes the commencement of a full term.


325. "Independent status" means a voter's indication of "No Party Preference" as provided in Section 2151 and Section 2154.


326. "Judicial office" means the office filled by any judicial officer.

327. "Judicial officer" means any Justice of the Supreme Court, justice of a court of appeal, or judge of the superior court.


328. "Local election" is a municipal, county, or district election.


329. "Measure" means any constitutional amendment or other proposition submitted to a popular vote at any election.


330. "Municipal election" means elections in general law cities and where applicable in chartered cities.


331. "New citizen" means any person who meets all requirements of an elector of, and has established residency in, the State of California, except that he or she will become a United States citizen after the 15th day prior to an election but on or before the seventh day prior to that election.


332. "New resident" means a person who meets all requirements of an elector of the State of California except that his or her residency was established subsequent to the 15th day prior to the election. The new resident is eligible to vote for President and Vice President and for no other office.


332.5. "Nominate" means the selection, at a state-conducted primary election, of candidates who are entitled by law to participate in the general election for that office, but does not mean any other lawful mechanism that a political party may adopt for the purposes of choosing the candidate who is preferred by the party for a nonpartisan or voter nominated office.


333. "Nomination documents" means declaration of candidacy and nomination papers.


334. "Nonpartisan office" means an office, except for a voter-nominated office, for which no party may nominate a candidate. Judicial, school, county, and municipal offices are nonpartisan offices.


335. "Oath" includes affirmation.


335.5. The "official canvass" is the public process of processing and tallying all ballots received in an election, including, but not limited to, provisional ballots and vote by mail ballots not included in the semifinal official canvass. The official canvass also includes the process of reconciling ballots, attempting to prohibit duplicate voting by vote by mail and provisional voters, and performance of the manual tally of 1 percent of all precincts.


336. The "official summary date" is the date a circulating title and summary of a proposed initiative measure is delivered or mailed by the Attorney General to the proponents of the proposed measure.


336.5. "One percent manual tally" is the public process of manually tallying votes in 1 percent of the precincts, selected at random by the elections official, and in one precinct for each race not included in the randomly selected precincts. This procedure is conducted during the official canvass to verify the accuracy of the automated count.


337. "Partisan office" or "party nominated office" means any of the following offices: (a) President of the United States, Vice President of the United States, and the delegates therefor. (b) Elected member of a party committee.

338. "Party" means a political party or organization that has qualified for participation in any primary election.


339. (a) "Precinct board" is the board appointed by the elections official to serve at a single precinct or a consolidated precinct. (b) "Precinct board," when used in relation to proceedings taking place after the polls have closed, likewise includes any substitutive canvassing and counting board that may have been appointed to take the place of the board theretofore serving.


340. "Presidential primary" is the primary election that is held on the first Tuesday in February in any year which is evenly divisible by the number four, and at which delegations to national party conventions are to be chosen.

341. "Primary election" includes all primary nominating elections provided for by this code.


342. "Proponent or proponents of an initiative or referendum measure" means, for statewide initiative and referendum measures, the elector or electors who submit the text of a proposed initiative or referendum to the Attorney General with a request that he or she prepare a circulating title and summary of the chief purpose and points of the proposed measure; or for other initiative and referendum measures, the person or persons who publish a notice or intention to circulate petitions, or, where publication is not required, who file petitions with the elections official or legislative body.


343. "Proponent or proponents of a recall petition" means the person or persons who have charge or control of the circulation of, or obtaining signatures, to such petitions.


344. "Punchcard" means a tabulating card on which the voter may record his or her vote by punching, marking, or slotting.


345. "Punching" includes marking a ballot card to record a vote.


346. "Rebuttable presumption" shall be deemed a presumption which affects the burden of producing evidence.


348. "Regular election" is an election, the specific time for the holding of which is prescribed by law.


349. (a) "Residence" for voting purposes means a person's domicile. (b) The domicile of a person is that place in which his or her habitation is fixed, wherein the person has the intention of remaining, and to which, whenever he or she is absent, the person has the intention of returning. At a given time, a person may have only one domicile. (c) The residence of a person is that place in which the person's habitation is fixed for some period of time, but wherein he or she does not have the intention of remaining. At a given time, a person may have more than one residence.


350. "School measure" means any proposition, including but not limited to, a proposal for the issuance of bonds by a school district or community college district, an increase in the maximum tax rate of a school district or community college district, or the acceptance, expenditure, and repayment of state funds by a school district or community college district to enable the district to construct buildings and other facilities, submitted to the voters of the district at any election held in the district.


351. "School office" means the office filled by any school officer.


352. "School officer" means the Superintendent of Public Instruction and the superintendent of schools of a county.


353. "Section" means a section of this code unless some other statute is specifically mentioned.


353.5. The "semifinal official canvass" is the public process of collecting, processing, and tallying ballots and, for state or statewide elections, reporting results to the Secretary of State on election night. The semifinal official canvass may include some or all of the vote by mail and provisional vote totals.


354. "Shall" is mandatory and "may" is permissive.


354.5. (a) "Signature" includes either of the following: (1) A person's mark if the name of the person affixing the mark is written near the mark by a witness over 18 years of age designated by the person and the designee subscribes his or her own name as a witness thereto. For purposes of this paragraph, a signature stamp may be used as a mark, provided that the authorized user complies with the provisions of this paragraph. (2) An impression made by the use of a signature stamp pursuant to the requirements specified in subdivision (c). (b) A mark attested as provided in paragraph (1) of subdivision (a), or an impression made by a signature stamp as provided in paragraph (2) of subdivision (a), may serve as a signature for any purpose specified in this code, including a sworn statement. (c) An authorized user of a signature stamp may use it to affix a signature to a document or writing any time that a signature is required by this code, provided that all of the following conditions, as applicable, are met: (1) A signature stamp used to obtain a ballot or vote by mail ballot in any local, state, or federal election shall be used only by the authorized user of that signature stamp. (2) A signature stamp shall be affixed by the authorized user in the presence of the Secretary of State, his or her designee, the local elections official, or his or her designee, to obtain a ballot, in any local, state, or federal election unless the authorized user of the signature stamp votes by vote by mail ballot. If the owner of a signature stamp votes by vote by mail ballot, he or she shall affix the signature stamp on the identification envelope in accordance with the requirements of Section 3019. (d) A signature affixed with a signature stamp by an authorized user in accordance with the requirements of this section shall be treated in the same manner as a signature made in writing. (e) A registered voter or any person who is eligible to vote, who qualifies as an authorized user pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (g), may use a signature stamp only after he or she first submits his or her affidavit of registration or a new affidavit of registration, whichever is applicable, in the presence of a county elections official, using the signature stamp to sign the affidavit. (f) The Secretary of State shall report to the Legislature not later than January 1, 2009, regarding the use of signature stamps during the 2008 elections. (g) The following definitions apply for purposes of this section: (1) "Authorized user" means either of the following: (A) A person with a disability who, by reason of that disability, is unable to write and who owns a signature stamp. (B) A person using the signature stamp on behalf of the owner of the stamp with the owner's express consent and in the presence of the owner. (2) "Disability" means a medical condition, mental disability, or physical disability, as those terms are defined in subdivisions (h), (i), and (k) of Section 12926 of the Government Code. (3) "Signature stamp" means a stamp that contains the impression of any of the following: (A) The actual signature of a person with a disability. (B) A mark or symbol that is adopted by the person with the disability. (C) A signature of the name of a person with a disability that is made by another person and is adopted by the person with the disability.

355. "Software" includes all programs, voting devices, cards, ballot cards or papers, operating manuals or instructions, test procedures, printouts, and other nonmechanical or nonelectrical items necessary to the operation of a voting system.


356. "Special election" is an election, the specific time for the holding of which is not prescribed by law.


357. "Statewide election" is an election held throughout the state.


358. "Vote tabulating device" means any piece of equipment, other than a voting machine, that compiles a total of votes cast by means of ballot card sorting, ballot card reading, paper ballot scanning, electronic data processing, or a combination of that type of equipment.


359. "Voter" means any elector who is registered under this code.


359.5. (a) "Voter-nominated office" means a congressional or state elective office for which any candidate may choose to have his or her party preference or lack of party preference indicated upon the ballot. A political party or party central committee shall not nominate a candidate at a state-conducted primary election for a voter-nominated office. The primary conducted for a voter-nominated office does not serve to determine the nominees of a political party but serves to winnow the number of candidates to a final list of two for the general election. The following offices are voter-nominated offices: (1) Governor. (2) Lieutenant Governor. (3) Secretary of State. (4) State Treasurer. (5) Controller. (6) State Insurance Commissioner. (7) Member of the Board of Equalization. (8) Attorney General. (9) State Senator. (10) Member of the Assembly. (11) United States Senator. (12) Member of the United States House of Representatives. (b) This section does not prohibit a political party or party central committee from endorsing, supporting, or opposing a candidate for a candidate listed in subdivision (a).


360. "Voting device" means any device used in conjunction with a ballot card or cards to indicate the choice of the voter by marking, punching, or slotting the ballot card.


361. "Voting machine" means any device upon which a voter may register his or her vote, and which, by means of counters, embossing, or printouts, furnishes a total of the number of votes cast for each candidate or measure.

362. "Voting system" means any mechanical, electromechanical, or electronic system and its software, or any combination of these used to cast or tabulate votes, or both.


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