Law:Civilian War-related Benefits Act

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R.s.c., 1985, c. C-31

An Act respecting war pensions and allowances for civilians


Contents

Short Title

Short title

1. This Act may be cited as the Civilian War-related Benefits Act.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 1; 1992, c. 24, s. 2; 1999, c. 10, s. 19.


Interpretation

Definitions

2. (1) In Parts I to X,

“Commission”(Repealed, 1995, c. 18, s. 79)

“Minister”

« ministre »

“Minister” means the Minister of Veterans Affairs or such other member of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada as may be designated by the Governor in Council as the Minister for the purposes of this Act;

“War”

« guerre »

“War” means the war waged by His Majesty and His Majesty’s Allies against Germany and Germany’s Allies, which for the purposes of this Act shall be deemed to have commenced on September 1, 1939 and to have terminated on April 1, 1947.

References to pension and allowance rates

(2) A reference in this Act to any rate or rates set out in Schedule I, II or III of the Pension Act shall be construed as a reference to that rate or those rates as increased by virtue of Part V of that Act.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 2; 1995, c. 18, s. 79; 1999, c. 10, s. 20; 2000, c. 34, s. 94(F).

Persons considered to be members of certain groups

2.1 A person who served in a theatre of actual war, within the meaning of paragraph 37(8)(b) or (c) of the War Veterans Allowance Act, with a group or organization mentioned in Part II.1, III, VII.1 or X or paragraph (e), (f), (h) or (i) of the definition "civilian" in subsection 56(1) in an auxiliary, reserve, junior, support or ground crew capacity, whether or not the person was enrolled as a member of that group or organization, shall, for the purposes of that Part or paragraph, be considered to have been a member of that group or organization if the person functioned closely with, or functioned alongside, that group or organization under conditions of service that were substantially similar to wartime conditions of service of a member of the forces.

2000, c. 34, s. 1.

Claims to be dealt with as claims under Pension Act

3. All claims for pensions, allowances and compensation under Parts I to X shall be dealt with and adjudicated on in like manner as claims under the Pension Act and all the provisions of the Pension Act not inconsistent with Parts I to X, with such modifications as the circumstances require, apply to every claim under Parts I to X.

R.S., c. C-20, s. 3.

4. (Repealed, 2000, c. 34, s. 2)


Equality Of Status

Status of males and females

5. Male and female persons under this Act have equality of status and equal rights and obligations under this Act.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 5; 1992, c. 24, s. 3.


Part I. Canadian Salt Water Fishers

Interpretation

Definitions

6. The definitions in this section apply in this Part.

“Canadian salt water fisher”

« pêcheur canadien en eau salée »

“Canadian salt water fisher” means a British subject who served on a ship engaged in the salt water fishing industry of Canada or Newfoundland.

“enemy action or counteraction against the enemy”

« opération de l’ennemi ou contre-opération »

“enemy action or counteraction against the enemy” includes marine hazards occasioned by the War and encountered by a ship engaged in the salt water fishing industry of Canada or Newfoundland, when it was employed on a voyage that in the opinion of the Minister was essential to the prosecution of the War on behalf of His Majesty or His Majesty’s allies.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 6; 1992, c. 24, s. 3; 1999, c. 10, s. 22.

Canada Shipping Act to apply

7. For the purposes of this Part, the status of a vessel and of the members of its crew, and the class of voyage in which a vessel was engaged, shall be determined according to the Canada Shipping Act, 1934 and regulations made thereunder, as that Act and those regulations read at the relevant time.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 7; 1999, c. 10, s. 22.


Evidence

Evidence

8. For the purposes of this Part, where official records of a person’s service, or of injuries or disease suffered or contracted by a person during service, are not available, the Minister may accept a statutory declaration or like statement from anyone if

(a) information about the existence of any registered or licensed ship on which the person claims to have served is corroborated by official records;

(b) no information in the declaration or statement is contradicted by other evidence; and

(c) after taking into consideration such corroboration as may be available, the Minister is satisfied, on the balance of probabilities, that the information in the declaration or statement is true.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 8; 1992, c. 24, s. 4; 1995, c. 18, s. 80; 1999, c. 10, s. 23.


Pensions and Allowances for Disability and Death

Pensions and allowances

9. Subject to this Part, a pension, attendance allowance, clothing allowance and exceptional incapacity allowance in accordance with the rates set out in Schedules I, II and III to the Pension Act may be awarded to or in respect of any person, other than a pensioner within the meaning of that Act, who, during the War and as a direct result of enemy action or counteraction against the enemy, suffered or contracted injury or disease or aggravation thereof resulting in disability or death, while that person was a Canadian salt water fisher.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 9; 1992, c. 24, s. 4; 1999, c. 10, s. 24.

Compensation otherwise payable

9.1 No pension shall be awarded under this Part in respect of any disability or death for which compensation is payable under the Merchant Seamen Compensation Act or the Government Employees Compensation Act or any workers' compensation or similar laws unless evidence satisfactory to the Minister is provided that a claim for that compensation has not been made and unless the person entitled to that compensation submits to the Minister a waiver, in a form approved by the Minister, of all claims for that compensation in respect of disability or death.

1999, c. 10, s. 24.

Presumption of death

10. The Minister may, for the purposes of this Part, presume death in every case where, according to the evidence available as to the circumstances surrounding the disappearance of the person whose death is in question or the loss of the ship on which the person was serving, the Minister is satisfied beyond a reasonable doubt that the death has in fact occurred.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 10; 1995, c. 18, s. 85.

11. (Repealed, 1999, c. 10, s. 25)

Person not a Canadian citizen or resident of Canada

12. Notwithstanding anything in this Part, where a person entitled to a pension under this Part is not a Canadian citizen and is not a resident of Canada, the Minister may, in lieu of that pension, award such pension or such lump sum as the Minister deems commensurate with the pension that would be payable under this Part to the person if he were a Canadian citizen or a resident of Canada, having regard to comparative living costs and such other matters that may affect the value of the pension, but no pension or amount awarded under this section shall exceed the amount of pension that would be payable to the person under this Part if he were a Canadian citizen or a resident of Canada.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 12; 1995, c. 18, s. 85.

13. and 14. (Repealed, 1992, c. 24, s. 6)

15. (Repealed, 1999, c. 10, s. 26)


Part I.1

===(Repealed, 1999, c. 10, s. 27)


Part Ii. Auxiliary Services Personnel

Interpretation

Definitions

16. In this Part,

“helper”

« auxiliaire »

“helper” means a person who was employed and paid by Canadian Legion War Services Inc., The National Council of the Young Men’s Christian Association of Canada, Knights of Columbus Canadian Army Huts or Salvation Army Canadian War Services to assist supervisors and who proceeded from Canada for attachment to

(a) the Canadian naval forces under the authority of the Chief of Naval Personnel,

(b) active units and formations of the Canadian army forces under the authority of the Adjutant-General, or

(c) active units and formations of the Canadian air forces under the authority of the Air Member for Personnel;

“member of the Overseas Headquarters Staff”

« membre du personnel central d’outre-mer »

“member of the Overseas Headquarters Staff” means a person who is not a supervisor or helper and who was a member of the Headquarters Staff of, and was employed and paid by, Canadian Legion War Services Inc., The National Council of the Young Men’s Christian Association of Canada, Knights of Columbus Canadian Army Huts or Salvation Army Canadian War Services and who proceeded from Canada under the authority of the Chief of Naval Personnel, the Adjutant-General or Air Member for Personnel;

“supervisor”

« surveillant »

“supervisor” means an authorized field representative of Canadian Legion War Services Inc., The National Council of the Young Men’s Christian Association of Canada, Knights of Columbus Canadian Army Huts or Salvation Army Canadian War Services who directly provided services and recreational equipment to any of the Canadian naval, army or air forces and who was selected and approved by, and proceeded from Canada under the authority of, the Chief of Naval Personnel, the Adjutant-General or Air Member for Personnel.

R.S., c. C-20, s. 17.


Supervisors and Helpers

Application of Pension Act

17. The Pension Act applies to and in respect of supervisors and helpers as though their service as such during the War had been service as a member of the forces within the meaning of that Act.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 17; 1999, c. 10, s. 28; 2000, c. 34, s. 3.

18. (Repealed, 2000, c. 34, s. 3)


Overseas Headquarters Staff

Rates of pensions and allowances to members of Overseas Headquarters staff

19. Pensions and allowances shall be awarded in accordance with the rates set out in Schedules I, II and III of the Pension Act to or in respect of members of the Overseas Headquarters staff who, during their service as such and as a direct result of enemy action or counteraction against the enemy during the War, suffered injury or disease or aggravation thereof resulting in disability or death.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 19; 1999, c. 10, s. 28.


Part Ii.1. Newfoundland Overseas Forestry Unit

Application of Pension Act

19.1 The Pension Act applies to and in respect of members of the Newfoundland Overseas Forestry Unit as though their service as such during the War had been service as a member of the forces within the meaning of that Act.

2000, c. 34, s. 4.


Part Iii. Corps Of (civilian) Canadian Fire Fighters For Service In The United Kingdom

Application of Pension Act

20. The Pension Act applies to and in respect of members of the Corps of (Civilian) Canadian Fire Fighters for Service in the United Kingdom as though their service as such during the War had been service as a member of the forces within the meaning of that Act.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 20; 1999, c. 10, s. 28; 2000, c. 34, s. 5.


Part Iv. Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Claims

21. (1) All claims for compensation under section 5 of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Pension Continuation Act, chapter R-10 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1970, shall be referred to the Minister for consideration and adjudication, and the Minister shall assess the degree of disability in respect of which compensation may be awarded under that section.

Rates of compensation

(2) Compensation shall be awarded at such rate and in such manner as the Governor in Council may prescribe under section 5 of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Pension Continuation Act, chapter R-10 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1970.

Re-assessment of disability

(3) Where an assessment is made under this section and the Minister subsequently re-assesses the degree of disability, compensation shall be paid according to the rates applicable at the time compensation was first awarded.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 21; 1995, c. 18, s. 85.


Part V. Royal Canadian Mounted Police Special Constables

Interpretation

Definition of "special constable"

22. In this Part, “special constable” means a person specially engaged and employed by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police under the authority of the Governor in Council for the particular duty of mounting guard at vulnerable points throughout Canada or for any other similar duty during the War.

R.S., c. C-20, s. 25.


Pensions for Disability and Death

Pensions of special constables

23. Subject to this Part, pensions shall be awarded to or in respect of special constables who, during the War and as a direct result of the performance of their duties as special constables, suffered injury or disease or aggravation thereof resulting in disability or death.

R.S., c. C-20, s. 26.

Rate and manner

24. The pension to be awarded under this Part in respect of disability shall be awarded at such rate and in such manner as the Governor in Council may prescribe under section 5 of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Pension Continuation Act, chapter R-10 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1970.

R.S., c. C-20, s. 27.

Provisions applicable

25. The pensions to be awarded under this Part in respect of death shall be awarded in accordance with section 45 of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Pension Continuation Act, chapter R-10 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1970, and for the purposes of that section the pay and allowances that would have been permitted for pension purposes shall be the actual pay and allowances of which the special constable was in receipt at the time of his death.

R.S., c. C-20, s. 28.

Amount of pension

26. Where a special constable is in receipt of a disability pension under the Pension Act, the amount of pension payable under this Part shall not at any time exceed the amount by which the pension authorized by that Act for total disability exceeds the pension of which he is in receipt under that Act.

R.S., c. C-20, s. 29.

Not applicable if Pension Act applies

27. No pension shall be awarded under this Part for any disability in respect of which a pension was awarded under the Pension Act.

R.S., c. C-20, s. 30.

Award on ceasing to be special constable

28. No pension shall be awarded under this Part to or in respect of a special constable until he ceases to be a special constable.

R.S., c. C-20, s. 31.

Surviving spouse, common-law partner and children only

29. No pension for death shall be awarded under this Part to or in respect of any person other than the surviving spouse, surviving common-law partner and surviving children of the special constable on account of whose death pension is claimed.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 29; 2000, c. 12, s. 80.


Part Vi. Air Raid Precautions Workers

Interpretation

Definitions

30. In this Part,

“air raid precautions worker”

« engagé de la défense passive »

“air raid precautions worker” means a person registered as a volunteer worker in a designated area by an official body organized for air raid precautions purposes, a duly registered voluntary evacuation worker or a person designated as such by the Minister pursuant to section 40;

“designated area”

« région désignée »

“designated area” means any area that has been designated as such by the Governor in Council;

“serious or prolonged disability”

« invalidité grave ou prolongée »

“serious or prolonged disability” does not include a disability of a degree less than twenty per cent estimated in the manner provided by subsection 35(2) of the Pension Act;

“war service injury”

« blessure de service de guerre »

“war service injury” means, in the case of an air raid precautions worker other than a duly registered voluntary evacuation worker, any physical injury sustained during the War and arising out of and in the course of his duties as such as a direct result of enemy action, counteraction against the enemy or action in apprehension of enemy attack or during a blackout, test or period of training duly authorized by the senior air raid precautions officer in the designated area in which the injury was sustained, and, in the case of a duly registered voluntary evacuation worker, means injuries arising out of and in the course of his duties as an evacuation worker.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 30; 1995, c. 18, s. 85.


Pensions and Allowances for Disability and Death

Rates applicable

31. Subject to this Part, pensions and allowances shall be awarded in accordance with the rates set out in Schedules I, II and III of the Pension Act in respect of serious or prolonged disability or death caused by a war service injury.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 31; 1999, c. 10, s. 29.

Wilful negligence or improper conduct

32. No pension shall be awarded under this Part in respect of a war service injury sustained by reason of the wilful negligence or improper conduct of the air raid precautions worker by or in respect of whom pension is claimed.

R.S., c. C-20, s. 36.

If other pension or payment made

33. No pension in respect of a war service injury shall be paid under this Part to or in respect of any person in any period during which the person receives or is entitled to receive in respect of the same injury any grant, allowance, compensation, pension or other payment of a like nature, payable out of any public funds to which the person has not made a direct financial contribution, unless the grant, allowance, compensation, pension or other payment is less than the amount of the pension that would otherwise be payable under this Part, in which case a pension equal to the amount by which the pension that would otherwise be payable under this Part exceeds the other grant, allowance, compensation, pension or other payment may be paid under this Part during that period.

R.S., c. C-20, s. 37.

Pension to surviving spouse or surviving common-law partner

34. (1) No pension shall be awarded under this Part to the surviving spouse or surviving common-law partner of any person in respect of the death of the person unless the surviving spouse or surviving common-law partner wholly or to a substantial extent maintained or was maintained by that person at the time of that person’s death and unless the surviving spouse or surviving common-law partner was that person’s spouse or common-law partner, as the case may be, prior to the day the war service injury in respect of which a pension is claimed was sustained.

Additional pension in respect of spouse or common-law partner

(2) No additional pension shall be awarded under this Part to any person in respect of the person’s spouse or common-law partner unless the spouse or common-law partner was wholly or to a substantial extent maintained by that person immediately prior to the day the war service injury in respect of which an additional pension is claimed was sustained.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 34; 2000, c. 12, s. 81.

Deduction

35. The Minister may deduct from any additional pension payable under this Part in respect of any dependant any amount payable by way of grant or allowance, whether payable out of public funds or otherwise, for the maintenance of the dependant.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 35; 1995, c. 18, s. 81.

36. (Repealed, 2005, c. 33, s. 7)

Previous VersionChildren

37. No additional pension shall be awarded under this Part in respect of any child born more than nine months after the day the war service injury in respect of which any pension is payable was sustained.

R.S., c. C-20, s. 41.

Children

38. Where a person to whom a pension may be awarded under section 31 is under the age of seventeen years, no pension shall be paid to that person until that person attains the age of seventeen years, but the Minister may direct that, until that age is attained, the pension shall be administered for the benefit of that person by the Department of Veterans Affairs or a person or agency selected by the Minister.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 38; 1995, c. 18, s. 82; 2000, c. 34, s. 94(F).

39. (Repealed, 1990, c. 43, s. 50)

Designated air raid precautions workers

40. The Minister may designate as an air raid precautions worker any person who as an employee in an essential service, although unregistered as a volunteer worker, assisted in air raid precautions work consequent on enemy action or counteraction against the enemy or a duly authorized blackout.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 40; 1995, c. 18, s. 85.


Part Vii. Injury During Remedial Treatment

Rates of pensions and allowances

41. Pensions and allowances shall be awarded in accordance with the rates set out in Schedules I, II and III of the Pension Act to or in respect of persons who

(a) were called up for training, service or duty under The National Resources Mobilization Act, 1940, chapter 13 of the Statutes of Canada, 1940;

(b) accepted and underwent treatment of any kind prescribed by the Department of Veterans Affairs for the purpose of improving their physical condition and rendering them fit for training, service or duty; and

(c) suffered injury or disease or aggravation thereof resulting in disability or death arising out of or directly connected with that treatment.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 41; 1999, c. 10, s. 30; 2000, c. 34, s. 94(F).

Rates of pensions and allowances

42. Pensions and allowances shall be awarded in accordance with the rates set out in Schedules I, II and III of the Pension Act to or in respect of persons who

(a) volunteered for active service in the Canadian naval, army or air forces but were not accepted owing to their physical condition;

(b) were furnished with remedial treatment by the Department of Veterans Affairs, under the conditions prescribed by the Governor in Council, for the purpose of rendering them fit for active service in those forces; and

(c) suffered injury or disease or aggravation thereof resulting in disability or death arising out of or directly connected with that treatment.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 42; 1999, c. 10, s. 31; 2000, c. 34, s. 94(F).


Part Vii.1. Voluntary Aid Detachment (world War I)

Application of Pension Act

42.1 (1) The Pension Act applies to and in respect of Canadian members of the Voluntary Aid Detachment of the British Red Cross during World War I as though their service as such had been service as a member of the forces within the meaning of that Act.

Meaning of "Canadian member"

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), a person was a Canadian member if, at the commencement of the person’s service as a member, the person was

(a) a Canadian citizen;

(b) a Canadian national as defined in section 2 of the Canadian Nationals Act, chapter 21 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1927; or

(c) a British subject domiciled in Newfoundland.

2000, c. 34, s. 6.


Part Viii. Voluntary Aid Detachment (world War Ii)

Definitions

43. In this Part,

“member of the Voluntary Aid Detachment”

« membre du détachement des auxiliaires volontaires »

“member of the Voluntary Aid Detachment” means a member of the Nursing Auxiliary Canadian Red Cross Corps or the Nursing Division of the St. John Ambulance Brigade of Canada who, with the approval of the Adjutant-General, served with the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps during the War;

“serious or prolonged disability”

« invalidité grave ou prolongée »

“serious or prolonged disability” does not include a disability of a degree less than twenty per cent estimated in the manner provided by subsection 35(2) of the Pension Act;

“war service injury”

« blessure de service de guerre »

“war service injury” means an injury arising out of and in the course of duties as a member of the Voluntary Aid Detachment.

R.S., c. C-20, s. 48.

Rates of pensions and allowances

44. Subject to this Part, pensions and allowances shall be awarded in accordance with Schedules I, II and III of the Pension Act in respect of serious or prolonged disability or death caused by a war service injury.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 44; 1999, c. 10, s. 32.

Improper conduct

45. No pension shall be awarded under this Part in respect of a war service injury sustained by reason of the wilful negligence or improper conduct of the member of the Voluntary Aid Detachment by or in respect of whom pension is claimed.

R.S., c. C-20, s. 50.

Avoidance of duplication of benefits

46. No pension in respect of a war service injury shall be paid under this Part to or in respect of any person in any period during which the person receives or is entitled to receive in respect of the same injury any grant, allowance, compensation, pension or other payment of a like nature, payable out of any public funds to which that person has not made a direct financial contribution, unless the grant, allowance, compensation, pension or other payment is less than the amount of the pension that would otherwise be payable under this Part, in which case a pension equal to the amount by which the pension that would otherwise be payable under this Part exceeds the other grant, allowance, compensation, pension or other payment may be paid under this Part during that period.

R.S., c. C-20, s. 51.

47. (Repealed, 1990, c. 43, s. 51)


Part Ix. Overseas Welfare Workers (world War Ii And Korean War)

Definitions

48. The definitions in this section apply in this Part.

“Korean War”

« guerre de Corée »

“Korean War” means the military operations undertaken by the United Nations to restore peace in the Republic of Korea, and the period denoted by the term “Korean War” is the period from June 25, 1950 to July 27, 1953, inclusive.

“overseas welfare worker”

« préposé d’assistance sociale outre-mer »

“overseas welfare worker” means a person who, under the auspices of the Canadian Red Cross Society or the St. John Ambulance Brigade of Canada,

(a) served outside Canada during the War as a welfare worker, nursing aid, ambulance or transport driver or member of the Overseas Headquarters Staff or in any other capacity, including orthopaedic nurses selected by, and orthopaedic surgeons enrolled by, the Canadian Red Cross Society for service overseas with the Scottish Ministry of Health; or

(b) served outside Canada in the Korean War in a capacity similar to one referred to in paragraph (a).

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 48; 2000, c. 34, s. 8.

Application of Pension Act

49. The Pension Act applies to and in respect of overseas welfare workers as though their service as such had been service as a member of the forces within the meaning of that Act.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 49; 1999, c. 10, s. 33; 2000, c. 34, s. 8.

50. and 51. (Repealed, 2000, c. 34, s. 8)


Part X. Ferry Command

Definition of "civilian member of Ferry Command"

52. In this Part, “civilian member of Ferry Command” means a person, other than a member of the forces, who

(a) was employed during the War by the Air Ministry of the United Kingdom;

(b) was domiciled in Canada or Newfoundland at the commencement of that employment; and

(c) served during the War as air crew with Number 45 Wing of the Royal Air Force Transport Command, Number 45 Group of the Royal Air Force Ferry Command or the Atlantic Ferrying Organization on a flight ferrying the aircraft being flown

(i) between Canada and a place other than Canada or Newfoundland,

(ii) between Newfoundland and a place other than Canada or Newfoundland, or

(iii) within Canada or Newfoundland, or between Canada and Newfoundland, if the flight, in the Minister’s opinion, was essential to the prosecution of the War on behalf of His Majesty or His Majesty’s allies.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 52; 2000, c. 34, s. 9.

Application of Pension Act

53. The Pension Act applies to and in respect of civilian members of Ferry Command as though their service as such had been service as a member of the forces within the meaning of that Act.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 53; 1995, c. 18, s. 85; 1999, c. 10, s. 34; 2000, c. 12, s. 82, c. 34, s. 9.

54. and 55. (Repealed, 2000, c. 34, s. 9)


Part Xi. Civilian Allowances

Definitions

56. (1) For the purposes of this Part,

“allowance”

« allocation »

“allowance” means an allowance referred to in subsection 57(1);

“civilian”

« civil »

“civilian” means

(a) a person who

(i) served at sea in a ship of Canadian or Newfoundland registry during World War I or World War II for a period of at least six months, and

(ii) during the period of service referred to in subparagraph (i) made at least one trip through dangerous waters,

(b) a Canadian citizen, a Canadian national as defined in the Canadian Nationals Act, chapter 21 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1927, or a British subject domiciled in Newfoundland at the commencement of his qualifying service who

(i) served at sea during World War I or World War II for a period of at least six months in a ship of United Kingdom registry or the registry of one of the countries allied or associated with His Majesty in either of those wars, and

(ii) during the period of service referred to in subparagraph (i) made at least one trip through dangerous waters,

(c)�(Repealed, 1999, c. 10, s. 35)

(d) a Canadian citizen who

(i) served at sea in a ship of another country allied or associated with the United Nations during United Nations military operations in Korea for a period of at least six months, and

(ii) during the period of service referred to in subparagraph (i) served at least twenty-eight days on such a ship within dangerous waters off the coast of Korea,

(e) a person who was a member of the Corps of (Civilian) Canadian Fire Fighters for Service in the United Kingdom and served during World War II in a theatre of actual war within the meaning of paragraph 37(8)(c) of the War Veterans Allowance Act,

(f) a person who was a Canadian member, within the meaning of section 42.1, of the Voluntary Aid Detachment of the British Red Cross during World War I and served during World War I in a theatre of actual war within the meaning of paragraph 37(8)(b) of the War Veterans Allowance Act,

(g) a person who

(i) was an overseas welfare worker within the meaning of paragraph (a) of the definition "overseas welfare worker" in section 48 and served during World War II in a theatre of actual war within the meaning of paragraph 37(8)(c) of the War Veterans Allowance Act, or

(ii) was an overseas welfare worker within the meaning of paragraph (b) of the definition "overseas welfare worker" in section 48,

(h) a person who was a civilian member of Ferry Command within the meaning of section 52 and served during World War II in a theatre of actual war within the meaning of paragraph 37(8)(c) of th War Veterans Allowance Act,

(i) a person who was a member of the Newfoundland Overseas Forestry Unit and served during World War II in a theatre of actual war within the meaning of paragraph 37(8)(c) of the War Veterans Allowance Act, and

(j) a person who is in receipt of a pension under Parts I to X or is declared to have been eligible for, or awarded, such a pension subsequent to the person’s death;

“dangerous waters”

« eaux dangereuses »

“dangerous waters” means such oceans, seas or waters as the Veterans Review and Appeal Board established by the Veterans Review and Appeal Board Act may prescribe;

“merchant navy veteran”(Repealed, 1999, c. 10, s. 35)

“service at sea”

« service en mer »

“service at sea” means service in a ship that normally sailed or operated outside the territorial waters of all countries during World War I, World War II or the United Nations military operations in Korea;

“ship”

« navire »

“ship” means

(a) a ship or vessel engaged in trade or the transportation of cargo or passengers, or

(b) a ship or vessel taken over and operated by the British Admiralty

but does not include a ship or vessel engaged in the fishing industry.

Presumptions

(2) For the purposes of this section,

(a) World War I shall be deemed to have commenced on August 4, 1914 and to have concluded on November 11, 1918;

(b) World War II shall be deemed to have commenced on September 1, 1939 and to have terminated

(i) in respect of service in connection with operations in the European and Mediterranean theatres of war, on May 8, 1945, and

(ii) in respect of service in connection with operations in the Pacific theatre of war, on August 15, 1945; and

(c) the United Nations military operations in Korea shall be deemed to have commenced on June 25, 1950 and to have terminated on July 27, 1953.

Calculation of service

(3) In calculating the period that a person served at sea for the purpose of paragraph (a) or (b) of the definition "civilian" in subsection (1), time spent by the person as a prisoner of war or as an internee shall be considered as service at sea, subject to subsection (3.1).

Calculation of service

(3.1) In calculating the period that a person served at sea for the purpose of paragraph (a) or (b) of the definition "civilian" in subsection (1), time during which the person was less than fourteen years of age shall be excluded.

Idem

(4) In calculating the period that a person served overseas for the purpose of paragraph (e) or (g) of the definitioncivilian" in subsection (1), the travelling of the person from the date of embarkation for the United Kingdom until arrival in that country and from the date of embarkation from the United Kingdom for Canada or Newfoundland until arrival in Canada or Newfoundland shall be considered as overseas service.

Application of certain provisions

(5) Sections 7, 8 and 10 apply for the purposes of the provisions of this Part relating to persons who are civilians by virtue of paragraph (a), (b) or (d) of the definition "civilian" in subsection (1).

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 56; R.S., 1985, c. 20 (3rd Supp.), s. 39; 1992, c. 24, s. 7; 1995, c. 18, s. 84; 1999, c. 10, s. 35; 2000, c. 34, s. 10.

Allowances authorized

57. (1) Subject to subsection (2),

(a) an allowance is payable to and in respect of a civilian and persons who, in relation to a civilian, would be entitled to an allowance under the War Veterans Allowance Act if the civilian were a veteran within the meaning of that Act, in the same manner and to the same extent as if the civilian were a veteran to whom that Act applies; and

(b) the War Veterans Allowance Act and everything done or permitted or required to be done thereunder in respect of veterans applies, with such modifications as the circumstances require, to and in respect of and for the purposes of determining all matters pertaining to an allowance payable under the authority of this section to and in respect of the civilian and those persons.

No allowance in certain cases

(2) No allowance is payable to a person who

(a) is a recipient of an allowance under the War Veterans Allowance Act; or

(b) in World War II served

(i) in enemy forces,

(ii) in an enemy ship, or

(iii) in war service groups associated with forces of the enemy.

R.S., 1985, c. C-31, s. 57; 1992, c. 24, s. 8; 1999, c. 10, s. 36.


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