Law:Anti-hog-cholera Serum And Hog-cholera Virus
From Law Delta
Sec.851.Declaration of policy.852.Marketing agreements with handlers; exemption from antitrust laws.853.Terms and conditions of marketing agreements.854.Order regulating handlers; issuance and terms.855.Applicability of other laws.
§851. Declaration of policy
It is declared to be the policy of Congress to insure the maintenance of an adequate supply of anti-hog-cholera serum and hog-cholera virus by regulating the marketing of such serum and virus in interstate and foreign commerce, and to prevent undue and excessive fluctuations and unfair methods of competition and unfair trade practices in such marketing.
(Aug. 24, 1935, ch. 641, §56, 49 Stat. 781.)
§852. Marketing agreements with handlers; exemption from antitrust laws
In order to effectuate the policy declared in section 851 of this title the Secretary of Agriculture shall have the power, after due notice and opportunity for hearing, to enter into marketing agreements with manufacturers and others engaged in the handling of anti-hog-cholera serum and hog-cholera virus only with respect to such handling as is in the current of interstate or foreign commerce or which directly burdens, obstructs, or affects interstate or foreign commerce in such serum and virus. Such persons are in section 854 of this title referred to as “handlers.” The making of any such agreement shall not be held to be in violation of any of the antitrust laws of the United States, and any such agreement shall be deemed to be lawful.
(Aug. 24, 1935, ch. 641, §57, 49 Stat. 781.)
§853. Terms and conditions of marketing agreements
Marketing agreements entered into pursuant to section 852 of this title shall contain such one or more of the following terms and conditions and no others as the Secretary finds, upon the basis of the hearing provided for in section 852 of this title, will tend to effectuate the policy declared in section 851 of this title:
(a) One or more of the terms and conditions specified in subsection (7) of section 608c of this title.
(b) Terms and conditions requiring each manufacturer to have in inventory in his own possession on April 1 of each year a reserve supply of completed serum equivalent to not less than 40 per centum of his previous year's sales of all serum, except that any marketing agreement may provide that upon written application by a manufacturer filed before September 1 of the preceding year, the Secretary may fix another date between January 1 and May 1 on which such manufacturer shall have such inventory if the Secretary finds that such actions will tend to effectuate the purposes of section 851 of this title. The Secretary may impose such terms and conditions upon granting any such application as he finds necessary to effectuate the purposes of section 851 of this title. Serum used in computing the required reserve supply of any manufacturer shall not again be used in computing the required reserve supply of any other manufacturer.
(Aug. 24, 1935, ch. 641, §58, 49 Stat. 781; Pub. L. 85–574, July 31, 1958, 72 Stat. 454.)
References in Text
Section 851 of this title, referred to in clause (b), was in the original “this Act”, meaning act Aug. 24, 1935. For complete classification of act Aug. 24, 1935, to the Code, see Tables.
1958—Cl. (b). Pub. L. 85–574 substituted “in inventory in his own possession on April 1” for “available on May 1”, inserted exception provision for changing minimum inventory date under certain terms and conditions, and inserted prohibition against reusing serum in computation of required reserve supply for different manufacturers.
§854. Order regulating handlers; issuance and terms
Whenever all the handlers of not less than 75 per centum of the volume of anti-hog-cholera serum and hog-cholera virus which is handled in the current of interstate or foreign commerce, or so as directly to burden, obstruct, or affect interstate or foreign commerce, have signed a marketing agreement entered into with the Secretary of Agriculture pursuant to section 852 of this title, the Secretary of Agriculture shall issue an order which shall regulate only such handling in the same manner as, and contain only such terms and conditions as are contained in such marketing agreement, and shall from time to time amend such order in conformance with amendments to such marketing agreement. Such order shall terminate upon termination of such marketing agreement as provided in such marketing agreement.
(Aug. 24, 1935, ch. 641, §59, 49 Stat. 781.)
§855. Applicability of other laws
Subject to the policy declared in section 851 of this title, the provisions of subsections (6) to (9) of section 608a and of subsections (14) and (15) of section 608c of this title, are made applicable in connection with orders issued pursuant to section 854 of this title, and the provisions of section 608d of this title are made applicable in connection with marketing agreements entered into pursuant to section 852 of this title and orders issued pursuant to section 854 of this title. The provisions of subsections (a), (b)(2), (c), (f), (h), and (i) of section 610 of this title, are made applicable in connection with the administration of this chapter.
(Aug. 24, 1935, ch. 641, §60, 49 Stat. 782.)