Law:Title 9. Offenses Against Public Order And Decency (Texas)

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Contents

Chapter 42. Disorderly Conduct And Related Offenses

Section  42.01.  Disorderly Conduct.

(a) A person commits an offense if he intentionally or knowingly:

(1)  uses abusive, indecent, profane, or vulgar language in a public place, and the language by its very utterance tends to incite an immediate breach of the peace;

(2)  makes an offensive gesture or display in a public place, and the gesture or display tends to incite an immediate breach of the peace;

(3)  creates, by chemical means, a noxious and unreasonable odor in a public place;

(4)  abuses or threatens a person in a public place in an obviously offensive manner;

(5)  makes unreasonable noise in a public place other than a sport shooting range, as defined by Section 250.001, Local Government Code, or in or near a private residence that he has no right to occupy;

(6)  fights with another in a public place;

(7)  discharges a firearm in a public place other than a public road or a sport shooting range, as defined by Section 250.001, Local Government Code;

(8)  displays a firearm or other deadly weapon in a public place in a manner calculated to alarm;

(9)  discharges a firearm on or across a public road;

(10)  exposes his anus or genitals in a public place and is reckless about whether another may be present who will be offended or alarmed by his act; or

(11)  for a lewd or unlawful purpose:

(A)  enters on the property of another and looks into a dwelling on the property through any window or other opening in the dwelling;

(B)  while on the premises of a hotel or comparable establishment, looks into a guest room not the person's own through a window or other opening in the room; or

(C)  while on the premises of a public place, looks into an area such as a restroom or shower stall or changing or dressing room that is designed to provide privacy to a person using the area.

(b)  It is a defense to prosecution under Subsection (a)(4) that the actor had significant provocation for his abusive or threatening conduct.

(c)  For purposes of this section:

(1)  an act is deemed to occur in a public place or near a private residence if it produces its offensive or proscribed consequences in the public place or near a private residence; and

(2)  a noise is presumed to be unreasonable if the noise exceeds a decibel level of 85 after the person making the noise receives notice from a magistrate or peace officer that the noise is a public nuisance.

(d)  An offense under this section is a Class C misdemeanor unless committed under Subsection (a)(7) or (a)(8), in which event it is a Class B misdemeanor.

(e)  It is a defense to prosecution for an offense under Subsection (a)(7) or (9) that the person who discharged the firearm had a reasonable fear of bodily injury to the person or to another by a dangerous wild animal as defined by Section 822.101, Health and Safety Code.

Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 883, ch. 399, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 181, ch. 89, Sec. 1, 2, eff. Aug. 29, 1977; Acts 1983, 68th Leg., p. 4641, ch. 800, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1983; Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., ch. 145, Sec. 2, eff. Aug. 26, 1991; Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994; Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 318, Sec. 14, eff. Sept. 1, 1995; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 54, Sec. 4, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.



Section  42.02.  Riot.

(a) For the purpose of this section, "riot" means the assemblage of seven or more persons resulting in conduct which:

(1)  creates an immediate danger of damage to property or injury to persons;

(2)  substantially obstructs law enforcement or other governmental functions or services; or

(3)  by force, threat of force, or physical action deprives any person of a legal right or disturbs any person in the enjoyment of a legal right.

(b)  A person commits an offense if he knowingly participates in a riot.

(c)  It is a defense to prosecution under this section that the assembly was at first lawful and when one of those assembled manifested an intent to engage in conduct enumerated in Subsection (a), the actor retired from the assembly.

(d)  It is no defense to prosecution under this section that another who was a party to the riot has been acquitted, has not been arrested, prosecuted, or convicted, has been convicted of a different offense or of a different type or class of offense, or is immune from prosecution.

(e)  Except as provided in Subsection (f), an offense under this section is a Class B misdemeanor.

(f)  An offense under this section is an offense of the same classification as any offense of a higher grade committed by anyone engaged in the riot if the offense was:

(1)  in the furtherance of the purpose of the assembly; or

(2)  an offense which should have been anticipated as a result of the assembly.

Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 883, ch. 399, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994.



Section  42.03.  Obstructing Highway Or Other Passageway.

(a) A person commits an offense if, without legal privilege or authority, he intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly:

(1)  obstructs a highway, street, sidewalk, railway, waterway, elevator, aisle, hallway, entrance, or exit to which the public or a substantial group of the public has access, or any other place used for the passage of persons, vehicles, or conveyances, regardless of the means of creating the obstruction and whether the obstruction arises from his acts alone or from his acts and the acts of others; or

(2)  disobeys a reasonable request or order to move issued by a person the actor knows to be or is informed is a peace officer, a fireman, or a person with authority to control the use of the premises:

(A)  to prevent obstruction of a highway or any of those areas mentioned in Subdivision (1); or

(B)  to maintain public safety by dispersing those gathered in dangerous proximity to a fire, riot, or other hazard.

(b)  For purposes of this section, "obstruct" means to render impassable or to render passage unreasonably inconvenient or hazardous.

(c)  An offense under this section is a Class B misdemeanor.

Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 883, ch. 399, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994.



Section  42.04.  Defense When Conduct Consists Of Speech Or Other Expression.

(a) If conduct that would otherwise violate Section 42.01(a)(5) (Unreasonable Noise), 42.03 (Obstructing Passageway), or 42.055 (Funeral Service Disruptions) consists of speech or other communication, of gathering with others to hear or observe such speech or communication, or of gathering with others to picket or otherwise express in a nonviolent manner a position on social, economic, political, or religious questions, the actor must be ordered to move, disperse, or otherwise remedy the violation prior to his arrest if he has not yet intentionally harmed the interests of others which those sections seek to protect.

(b)  The order required by this section may be given by a peace officer, a fireman, a person with authority to control the use of the premises, or any person directly affected by the violation.

(c)  It is a defense to prosecution under Section 42.01(a)(5), 42.03, or 42.055:

(1)  that in circumstances in which this section requires an order no order was given;

(2)  that an order, if given, was manifestly unreasonable in scope; or

(3)  that an order, if given, was promptly obeyed.

Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 883, ch. 399, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 2, Sec. 2, eff. May 19, 2006.



Section  42.05.  Disrupting Meeting Or Procession.

(a) A person commits an offense if, with intent to prevent or disrupt a lawful meeting, procession, or gathering, he obstructs or interferes with the meeting, procession, or gathering by physical action or verbal utterance.

(b)  An offense under this section is a Class B misdemeanor.

Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 883, ch. 399, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994.



Section 42.055.  Funeral Service Disruptions.

(a) In this section:

(1)  "Facility" means a building at which any portion of a funeral service takes place, including a funeral parlor, mortuary, private home, or established place of worship.

(2)  "Funeral service" means a ceremony, procession, or memorial service, including a wake or viewing, held in connection with the burial or cremation of the dead.

(3)  "Picketing" means:

(A)  standing, sitting, or repeated walking, riding, driving, or other similar action by a person displaying or carrying a banner, placard, or sign;

(B)  engaging in loud singing, chanting, whistling, or yelling, with or without noise amplification through a device such as a bullhorn or microphone; or

(C)  blocking access to a facility or cemetery being used for a funeral service.

(b)  A person commits an offense if, during the period beginning one hour before the service begins and ending one hour after the service is completed, the person engages in picketing within 1,000 feet of a facility or cemetery being used for a funeral service.

(c)  An offense under this section is a Class B misdemeanor.

Added by Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 2, Sec. 1, eff. May 19, 2006.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 256, Sec. 1, eff. June 4, 2007.



Section  42.06.  False Alarm Or Report.

(a) A person commits an offense if he knowingly initiates, communicates or circulates a report of a present, past, or future bombing, fire, offense, or other emergency that he knows is false or baseless and that would ordinarily:

(1)  cause action by an official or volunteer agency organized to deal with emergencies;

(2)  place a person in fear of imminent serious bodily injury; or

(3)  prevent or interrupt the occupation of a building, room, place of assembly, place to which the public has access, or aircraft, automobile, or other mode of conveyance.

(b)  An offense under this section is a Class A misdemeanor unless the false report is of an emergency involving a public primary or secondary school, public communications, public transportation, public water, gas, or power supply or other public service, in which event the offense is a state jail felony.

Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 883, ch. 399, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1979, 66th Leg., p. 1114, ch. 530, Sec. 4, eff. Aug. 27, 1979; Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994.



Section  42.061.  Silent Or Abusive Calls To 9-1-1 Service.

(a) In this section "9-1-1 service" and "public safety answering point" or "PSAP" have the meanings assigned by Section 772.001, Health and Safety Code.

(b)  A person commits an offense if the person makes a telephone call to 9-1-1 when there is not an emergency and knowingly or intentionally:

(1)  remains silent; or

(2)  makes abusive or harassing statements to a PSAP employee.

(c)  A person commits an offense if the person knowingly permits a telephone under the person's control to be used by another person in a manner described in Subsection (b).

(d)  An offense under this section is a Class B misdemeanor.

Added by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 582, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1989. Amended by Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., ch. 14, Sec. 284(2), eff. Sept. 1, 1991; Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994.



Section  42.062.  Interference With Emergency Telephone Call.

(a) An individual commits an offense if the individual knowingly prevents or interferes with another individual's ability to place an emergency telephone call or to request assistance in an emergency from a law enforcement agency, medical facility, or other agency or entity the primary purpose of which is to provide for the safety of individuals.

(b)  An individual commits an offense if the individual recklessly renders unusable a telephone that would otherwise be used by another individual to place an emergency telephone call or to request assistance in an emergency from a law enforcement agency, medical facility, or other agency or entity the primary purpose of which is to provide for the safety of individuals.

(c)  An offense under this section is a Class A misdemeanor, except that the offense is a state jail felony if the actor has previously been convicted under this section.

(d)  In this section, "emergency" means a condition or circumstance in which any individual is or is reasonably believed by the individual making a telephone call to be in fear of imminent assault or in which property is or is reasonably believed by the individual making the telephone call to be in imminent danger of damage or destruction.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 690, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001. Amended by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 460, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2003; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1164, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.



Section  42.07.  Harassment.

(a) A person commits an offense if, with intent to harass, annoy, alarm, abuse, torment, or embarrass another, he:

(1)  initiates communication by telephone, in writing, or by electronic communication and in the course of the communication makes a comment, request, suggestion, or proposal that is obscene;

(2)  threatens, by telephone, in writing, or by electronic communication, in a manner reasonably likely to alarm the person receiving the threat, to inflict bodily injury on the person or to commit a felony against the person, a member of his family or household, or his property;

(3)  conveys, in a manner reasonably likely to alarm the person receiving the report, a false report, which is known by the conveyor to be false, that another person has suffered death or serious bodily injury;

(4)  causes the telephone of another to ring repeatedly or makes repeated telephone communications anonymously or in a manner reasonably likely to harass, annoy, alarm, abuse, torment, embarrass, or offend another;

(5)  makes a telephone call and intentionally fails to hang up or disengage the connection;

(6)  knowingly permits a telephone under the person's control to be used by another to commit an offense under this section; or

(7)  sends repeated electronic communications in a manner reasonably likely to harass, annoy, alarm, abuse, torment, embarrass, or offend another.

(b)  In this section:

(1)  "Electronic communication" means a transfer of signs, signals, writing, images, sounds, data, or intelligence of any nature transmitted in whole or in part by a wire, radio, electromagnetic, photoelectronic, or photo-optical system. The term includes:

(A)  a communication initiated by electronic mail, instant message, network call, or facsimile machine; and

(B)  a communication made to a pager.

(2)  "Family" and "household" have the meaning assigned by Chapter 71, Family Code.

(3)  "Obscene" means containing a patently offensive description of or a solicitation to commit an ultimate sex act, including sexual intercourse, masturbation, cunnilingus, fellatio, or anilingus, or a description of an excretory function.

(c)  An offense under this section is a Class B misdemeanor, except that the offense is a Class A misdemeanor if the actor has previously been convicted under this section.

Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 883, ch. 399, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1983, 68th Leg., p. 2204, ch. 411, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1983; Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 10, Sec. 1, eff. March 19, 1993; Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994; Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 657, Sec. 1, eff. June 14, 1995; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 62, Sec. 15.02(d), eff. Sept. 1, 1999; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1222, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  42.072.  Stalking.

(a) A person commits an offense if the person, on more than one occasion and pursuant to the same scheme or course of conduct that is directed specifically at another person, knowingly engages in conduct, including following the other person, that:

(1)  the actor knows or reasonably believes the other person will regard as threatening:

(A)  bodily injury or death for the other person;

(B)  bodily injury or death for a member of the other person's family or household; or

(C)  that an offense will be committed against the other person's property;

(2)  causes the other person or a member of the other person's family or household to be placed in fear of bodily injury or death or fear that an offense will be committed against the other person's property; and

(3)  would cause a reasonable person to fear:

(A)  bodily injury or death for himself or herself;

(B)  bodily injury or death for a member of the person's family or household; or

(C)  that an offense will be committed against the person's property.

(b)  An offense under this section is a felony of the third degree, except that the offense is a felony of the second degree if the actor has previously been convicted under this section.

(c)  In this section, "family," "household," and "member of a household" have the meanings assigned by Chapter 71, Family Code.

Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 1, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 28, 1997. Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 62, Sec. 15.02(e), eff. Sept. 1, 1999; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1222, Sec. 2, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section 42.08.  Abuse Of Corpse.

(a) A person commits an offense if the person, without legal authority, knowingly:

(1)  disinters, disturbs, damages, dissects, in whole or in part, carries away, or treats in an offensive manner a human corpse;

(2)  conceals a human corpse knowing it to be illegally disinterred;

(3)  sells or buys a human corpse or in any way traffics in a human corpse;

(4)  transmits or conveys, or procures to be transmitted or conveyed, a human corpse to a place outside the state; or

(5)  vandalizes, damages, or treats in an offensive manner the space in which a human corpse has been interred or otherwise permanently laid to rest.

(b)  An offense under this section is a Class A misdemeanor.

(c)  In this section, "human corpse" includes:

(1)  any portion of a human corpse;

(2)  the cremated remains of a human corpse; or

(3)  any portion of the cremated remains of a human corpse.

(d)  If conduct constituting an offense under this section also constitutes an offense under another section of this code, the actor may be prosecuted under either section or both sections.

(e)  It is a defense to prosecution under this section that the actor:

(1)  as a member or agent of a cemetery organization, removed or damaged anything that had been placed in or on any portion of the organization's cemetery in violation of the rules of the organization; or

(2)  removed anything:

(A)  placed in the cemetery in violation of the rules of the cemetery organization; or

(B)  placed in the cemetery by or with the cemetery organization's consent but that, in the organization's judgment, had become wrecked, unsightly, or dilapidated.

(f)  In this section, "cemetery" and "cemetery organization" have the meanings assigned by Section 711.001, Health and Safety Code.

Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 883, ch. 399, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Renumbered from Penal Code Sec. 42.10 by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1025, Sec. 1, eff. June 18, 2005.



Section 42.09.  Cruelty To Livestock Animals.

(a) A person commits an offense if the person intentionally or knowingly:

(1)  tortures a livestock animal;

(2)  fails unreasonably to provide necessary food, water, or care for a livestock animal in the person's custody;

(3)  abandons unreasonably a livestock animal in the person's custody;

(4)  transports or confines a livestock animal in a cruel and unusual manner;

(5)  administers poison to a livestock animal, other than cattle, horses, sheep, swine, or goats, belonging to another without legal authority or the owner's effective consent;

(6)  causes one livestock animal to fight with another livestock animal or with an animal as defined by Section 42.092;

(7)  uses a live livestock animal as a lure in dog race training or in dog coursing on a racetrack;

(8)  trips a horse; or

(9)  seriously overworks a livestock animal.

(b)  In this section:

(1)  "Abandon" includes abandoning a livestock animal in the person's custody without making reasonable arrangements for assumption of custody by another person.

(2)   "Cruel manner" includes a manner that causes or permits  unjustified or unwarranted pain or suffering.

(3)  "Custody" includes responsibility for the health, safety, and welfare of a livestock animal subject to the person's care and control, regardless of ownership of the livestock animal.

(4)  "Depredation" has the meaning assigned by Section 71.001, Parks and Wildlife Code.

(5)  "Livestock animal" means:

(A)  cattle, sheep, swine, goats, ratites, or poultry commonly raised for human consumption;

(B)  a horse, pony, mule, donkey, or hinny;

(C)  native or nonnative hoofstock raised under agriculture practices; or

(D)  native or nonnative fowl commonly raised under agricultural practices.

(6)  "Necessary food, water, or care" includes food, water, or care provided to the extent required to maintain the livestock animal in a state of good health.

(7)  "Torture" includes any act that causes unjustifiable pain or suffering.

(8)  "Trip" means to use an object to cause a horse to fall or lose its balance.

(c)  An offense under Subsection (a)(2), (3), (4), or (9) is a Class A misdemeanor, except that the offense is a state jail felony if the person has previously been convicted two times under this section, two times under Section 42.092, or one time under this section and one time under Section 42.092.  An offense under Subsection (a)(1), (5), (6), (7), or (8) is a state jail felony, except that the offense is a felony of the third degree if the person has previously been convicted two times under this section, two times under Section 42.092, or one time under this section and one time under Section 42.092.

(d)  It is a defense to prosecution under Subsection (a)(8) that the actor tripped the horse for the purpose of identifying the ownership of the horse or giving veterinary care to the horse.

(e)  It is a defense to prosecution for an offense under this section that the actor was engaged in bona fide experimentation for scientific research.

(f)  It is an exception to the application of this section that the conduct engaged in by the actor is a generally accepted and otherwise lawful:

(1)  form of conduct occurring solely for the purpose of or in support of:

(A)  fishing, hunting, or trapping; or

(B)  wildlife management, wildlife or depredation control, or shooting preserve practices as regulated by state and federal law; or

(2)  animal husbandry or agriculture practice involving livestock animals.

(g)  This section does not create a civil cause of action for damages or enforcement of this section.

Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 883, ch. 399, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1975, 64th Leg., p. 917, ch. 342, Sec. 12, eff. Sept. 1, 1975; Acts 1985, 69th Leg., ch. 549, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1985; Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., ch. 78, Sec. 1, eff. Aug. 26, 1991. Renumbered from Penal Code Sec. 42.11 and amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994. Amended by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 318, Sec. 15, eff. Sept. 1, 1995; Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 1283, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1997; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 54, Sec. 3, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 450, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1275, Sec. 2(116), eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 886, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section  42.091.  Attack On Assistance Animal.

(a) A person commits an offense if the person intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly attacks, injures, or kills an assistance animal.

(b)  A person commits an offense if the person intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly incites or permits an animal owned by or otherwise in the custody of the actor to attack, injure, or kill an assistance animal and, as a result of the person's conduct, the assistance animal is attacked, injured, or killed.

(c)  An offense under this section is a:

(1)  Class A misdemeanor if the actor or an animal owned by or otherwise in the custody of the actor attacks an assistance animal;

(2)  state jail felony if the actor or an animal owned by or otherwise in the custody of the actor injures an assistance animal; or

(3)  felony of the third degree if the actor or an animal owned by or otherwise in the custody of the actor kills an assistance animal.

(d)  A court shall order a defendant convicted of an offense under Subsection (a) to make restitution to the owner of the assistance animal for:

(1)  related veterinary or medical bills;

(2)  the cost of:

(A)  replacing the assistance animal; or

(B)  retraining an injured assistance animal by an organization generally recognized by agencies involved in the rehabilitation of persons with disabilities as reputable and competent to provide special equipment for or special training to an animal to help a person with a disability; and

(3)  any other expense reasonably incurred as a result of the offense.

(e)  In this section:

(1)  "Assistance animal" has the meaning assigned by Section 121.002, Human Resources Code.

(2)  "Custody" has the meaning assigned by Section 42.09.

Added by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 710, Sec. 2, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.



Section 42.092.  Cruelty To Nonlivestock Animals.

(a) In this section:

(1)  "Abandon" includes abandoning an animal in the person's custody without making reasonable arrangements for assumption of custody by another person.

(2)  "Animal" means a domesticated living creature, including any stray or feral cat or dog, and a wild living creature previously captured.  The term does not include an uncaptured wild living creature or a livestock animal.

(3)  "Cruel manner" includes a manner that causes or permits unjustified or unwarranted pain or suffering.

(4)  "Custody" includes responsibility for the health, safety, and welfare of an animal subject to the person's care and control, regardless of ownership of the animal.

(5)  "Depredation" has the meaning assigned by Section 71.001, Parks and Wildlife Code.

(6)  "Livestock animal" has the meaning assigned by Section 42.09.

(7)  "Necessary food, water, care, or shelter" includes food, water, care, or shelter provided to the extent required to maintain the animal in a state of good health.

(8)  "Torture" includes any act that causes unjustifiable pain or suffering.

(b)  A person commits an offense if the person intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly:

(1)  tortures an animal or in a cruel manner kills or causes serious bodily injury to an animal;

(2)  without the owner's effective consent, kills, administers poison to, or causes serious bodily injury to an animal;

(3)  fails unreasonably to provide necessary food, water, care, or shelter for an animal in the person's custody;

(4)  abandons unreasonably an animal in the person's custody;

(5)  transports or confines an animal in a cruel manner;

(6)  without the owner's effective consent, causes bodily injury to an animal;

(7)  causes one animal to fight with another animal, if either animal is not a dog;

(8)  uses a live animal as a lure in dog race training or in dog coursing on a racetrack; or

(9)  seriously overworks an animal.

(c)  An offense under Subsection (b)(3), (4), (5), (6), or (9) is a Class A misdemeanor, except that the offense is a state jail felony if the person has previously been convicted two times under this section, two times under Section 42.09, or one time under this section and one time under Section 42.09.  An offense under Subsection (b)(1), (2), (7), or (8) is a state jail felony, except that the offense is a felony of the third degree if the person has previously been convicted two times under this section, two times under Section 42.09, or one time under this section and one time under Section 42.09.

(d)  It is a defense to prosecution under this section that:

(1)  the actor had a reasonable fear of bodily injury to the actor or to another person by a dangerous wild animal as defined by Section 822.101, Health and Safety Code; or

(2)  the actor was engaged in bona fide experimentation for scientific research.

(e)  It is a defense to prosecution under Subsection (b)(2) or (6) that:

(1)  the animal was discovered on the person's property in the act of or after injuring or killing the person's livestock animals or damaging the person's crops and that the person killed or injured the animal at the time of this discovery; or

(2)  the person killed or injured the animal within the scope of the person's employment as a public servant or in furtherance of activities or operations associated with electricity transmission or distribution, electricity generation or operations associated with the generation of electricity, or natural gas delivery.

(f)  It is an exception to the application of this section that the conduct engaged in by the actor is a generally accepted and otherwise lawful:

(1)  form of conduct occurring solely for the purpose of or in support of:

(A)  fishing, hunting, or trapping; or

(B)  wildlife management, wildlife or depredation control, or shooting preserve practices as regulated by state and federal law; or

(2)  animal husbandry or agriculture practice involving livestock animals.

(g)  This section does not create a civil cause of action for damages or enforcement of the section.

Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 886, Sec. 2, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section  42.10.  Dog Fighting.

(a) A person commits an offense if the person intentionally or knowingly:

(1)  causes a dog to fight with another dog;

(2)  participates in the earnings of or operates a facility used for dog fighting;

(3)  uses or permits another to use any real estate, building, room, tent, arena, or other property for dog fighting;

(4)  owns or possesses dog-fighting equipment with the intent that the equipment be used to train a dog for dog fighting or in furtherance of dog fighting;

(5)  owns or trains a dog with the intent that the dog be used in an exhibition of dog fighting; or

(6)  attends as a spectator an exhibition of dog fighting.

(b)  In this section:

(1)  "Dog fighting" means any situation in which one dog attacks or fights with another dog.

(2)  "Dog-fighting equipment" has the meaning assigned by Article 18.18(g), Code of Criminal Procedure.

(c)  A conviction under Subsection (a)(2) or (3) may be had upon the uncorroborated testimony of a party to the offense.

(d)  It is a defense to prosecution under Subsection (a)(1) that the actor caused a dog to fight with another dog to protect livestock, other property, or a person from the other dog, and for no other purpose.

(e)  An offense under Subsection (a)(4), (5), or (6) is a Class A misdemeanor.  An offense under Subsection (a)(1), (2), or (3) is a state jail felony.

Added by Acts 1983, 68th Leg., p. 1610, ch. 305, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1983. Renumbered from Penal Code Sec. 42.111 and amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 644, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1357, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  42.11.  Destruction Of Flag.

(a) A person commits an offense if the person intentionally or knowingly damages, defaces, mutilates, or burns the flag of the United States or the State of Texas.

(b)  In this section, "flag" means an emblem, banner, or other standard or a copy of an emblem, standard, or banner that is an official or commonly recognized depiction of the flag of the United States or of this state and is capable of being flown from a staff of any character or size. The term does not include a representation of a flag on a written or printed document, a periodical, stationery, a painting or photograph, or an article of clothing or jewelry.

(c)  It is an exception to the application of this section that the act that would otherwise constitute an offense is done in conformity with statutes of the United States or of this state relating to the proper disposal of damaged flags.

(d)  An offense under this section is a Class A misdemeanor.

Added by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., 1st C.S., ch. 27, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1989. Renumbered from Penal Code Sec. 42.14 by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994.



Section  42.12.  Discharge Of Firearm In Certain Municipalities.

(a) A person commits an offense if the person recklessly discharges a firearm inside the corporate limits of a municipality having a population of 100,000 or more.

(b)  An offense under this section is a Class A misdemeanor.

(c)  If conduct constituting an offense under this section also constitutes an offense under another section of this code, the person may be prosecuted under either section.

(d)  Subsection (a) does not affect the authority of a municipality to enact an ordinance which prohibits the discharge of a firearm.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 663, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995.



Section  42.13.  Use Of Laser Pointers.

(a) A person commits an offense if the person knowingly directs a light from a laser pointer at a uniformed safety officer, including a peace officer, security guard, firefighter, emergency medical service worker, or other uniformed municipal, state, or federal officer.

(b)  In this section, "laser pointer" means a device that emits a visible light amplified by the stimulated emission of radiation.

(c)  An offense under this section is a Class C misdemeanor.

Added by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 467, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.



Section 42.14.  Illumination Of Aircraft By Intense Light.

(a) A person commits an offense if:

(1)  the person intentionally directs a light from a laser pointer or other light source at an aircraft; and

(2)  the light has an intensity sufficient to impair the operator's ability to control the aircraft.

(b)  It is an affirmative defense to prosecution under this section that the actor was using the light to send an emergency distress signal.

(c)  An offense under this section is a Class C misdemeanor unless the intensity of the light impairs the operator's ability to control the aircraft, in which event the offense is a Class A misdemeanor.

(d)  If conduct that constitutes an offense under this section also constitutes an offense under any other law, the actor may be prosecuted under this section or the other law.

(e)  In this section, "laser pointer" has the meaning assigned by Section 42.13.

Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 680, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2007.

Chapter 43. Public Indecency

Subchapter A. Prostitution

Section  43.01.  Definitions.

In this subchapter:

(1)  "Deviate sexual intercourse" means any contact between the genitals of one person and the mouth or anus of another person.

(2)  "Prostitution" means the offense defined in Section 43.02.

(3)  "Sexual contact" means any touching of the anus, breast, or any part of the genitals of another person with intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person.

(4)  "Sexual conduct" includes deviate sexual intercourse, sexual contact, and sexual intercourse.

(5)  "Sexual intercourse" means any penetration of the female sex organ by the male sex organ.

Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 883, ch. 399, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1979, 66th Leg., p. 373, ch. 168, Sec. 2, eff. Aug. 27, 1979; Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994.



Section  43.02.  Prostitution.

(a) A person commits an offense if he knowingly:

(1)  offers to engage, agrees to engage, or engages in sexual conduct for a fee; or

(2)  solicits another in a public place to engage with him in sexual conduct for hire.

(b)  An offense is established under Subsection (a)(1) whether the actor is to receive or pay a fee. An offense is established under Subsection (a)(2) whether the actor solicits a person to hire him or offers to hire the person solicited.

(c)  An offense under this section is a Class B misdemeanor, unless the actor has previously been convicted one or two times of an offense under this section, in which event it is a Class A misdemeanor. If the actor has previously been convicted three or more times of an offense under this section, the offense is a state jail felony.

(d)  It is a defense to prosecution under this section that the actor engaged in the conduct that constitutes the offense because the actor was the victim of conduct that constitutes an offense under Section 20A.02.

Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 883, ch. 399, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 757, ch. 286, Sec. 1, eff. May 27, 1977; Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 987, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1002, Sec. 8, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  43.03.  Promotion Of Prostitution.

(a) A person commits an offense if, acting other than as a prostitute receiving compensation for personally rendered prostitution services, he or she knowingly:

(1)  receives money or other property pursuant to an agreement to participate in the proceeds of prostitution; or

(2)  solicits another to engage in sexual conduct with another person for compensation.

(b)  An offense under this section is a Class A misdemeanor.

Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 883, ch. 399, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 758, ch. 287, Sec. 1, eff. May 27, 1977; Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994.



Section  43.04.  Aggravated Promotion Of Prostitution.

(a) A person commits an offense if he knowingly owns, invests in, finances, controls, supervises, or manages a prostitution enterprise that uses two or more prostitutes.

(b)  An offense under this section is a felony of the third degree.

Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 883, ch. 399, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994.



Section  43.05.  Compelling Prostitution.

(a) A person commits an offense if the person knowingly:

(1)  causes another by force, threat, or fraud to commit prostitution; or

(2)  causes by any means a child younger than 18 years to commit prostitution, regardless of whether the actor knows the age of the child at the time the actor commits the offense.

(b)  An offense under this section is a felony of the second degree.

Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 883, ch. 399, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1002, Sec. 9, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  43.06.  Accomplice Witness; Testimony And Immunity.

(a) A party to an offense under this subchapter may be required to furnish evidence or testify about the offense.

(b)  A party to an offense under this subchapter may not be prosecuted for any offense about which he is required to furnish evidence or testify, and the evidence and testimony may not be used against the party in any adjudicatory proceeding except a prosecution for aggravated perjury.

(c)  For purposes of this section, "adjudicatory proceeding" means a proceeding before a court or any other agency of government in which the legal rights, powers, duties, or privileges of specified parties are determined.

(d)  A conviction under this subchapter may be had upon the uncorroborated testimony of a party to the offense.

Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 883, ch. 399, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994.



Subchapter B. Obscenity

Section  43.21.  Definitions.

(a) In this subchapter:

(1)  "Obscene" means material or a performance that:

(A)  the average person, applying contemporary community standards, would find that taken as a whole appeals to the prurient interest in sex;

(B)  depicts or describes:

(i)  patently offensive representations or descriptions of ultimate sexual acts, normal or perverted, actual or simulated, including sexual intercourse, sodomy, and sexual bestiality; or

(ii)  patently offensive representations or descriptions of masturbation, excretory functions, sadism, masochism, lewd exhibition of the genitals, the male or female genitals in a state of sexual stimulation or arousal, covered male genitals in a discernibly turgid state or a device designed and marketed as useful primarily for stimulation of the human genital organs; and

(C)  taken as a whole, lacks serious literary, artistic, political, and scientific value.

(2)  "Material" means anything tangible that is capable of being used or adapted to arouse interest, whether through the medium of reading, observation, sound, or in any other manner, but does not include an actual three dimensional obscene device.

(3)  "Performance" means a play, motion picture, dance, or other exhibition performed before an audience.

(4)  "Patently offensive" means so offensive on its face as to affront current community standards of decency.

(5)  "Promote" means to manufacture, issue, sell, give, provide, lend, mail, deliver, transfer, transmit, publish, distribute, circulate, disseminate, present, exhibit, or advertise, or to offer or agree to do the same.

(6)  "Wholesale promote" means to manufacture, issue, sell, provide, mail, deliver, transfer, transmit, publish, distribute, circulate, disseminate, or to offer or agree to do the same for purpose of resale.

(7)  "Obscene device" means a device including a dildo or artificial vagina, designed or marketed as useful primarily for the stimulation of human genital organs.

(b)  If any of the depictions or descriptions of sexual conduct described in this section are declared by a court of competent jurisdiction to be unlawfully included herein, this declaration shall not invalidate this section as to other patently offensive sexual conduct included herein.

Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 883, ch. 399, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1975, 64th Leg., p. 372, ch. 163, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1975; Acts 1979, 66th Leg., p. 1974, ch. 778, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1979; Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994.



Section  43.22.  Obscene Display Or Distribution.

(a) A person commits an offense if he intentionally or knowingly displays or distributes an obscene photograph, drawing, or similar visual representation or other obscene material and is reckless about whether a person is present who will be offended or alarmed by the display or distribution.

(b)  An offense under this section is a Class C misdemeanor.

Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 883, ch. 399, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994.



Section  43.23.  Obscenity.

(a) A person commits an offense if, knowing its content and character, he wholesale promotes or possesses with intent to wholesale promote any obscene material or obscene device.

(b)  Except as provided by Subsection (h), an offense under Subsection (a) is a state jail felony.

(c)  A person commits an offense if, knowing its content and character, he:

(1)  promotes or possesses with intent to promote any obscene material or obscene device; or

(2)  produces, presents, or directs an obscene performance or participates in a portion thereof that is obscene or that contributes to its obscenity.

(d)  Except as provided by Subsection (h), an offense under Subsection (c) is a Class A misdemeanor.

(e)  A person who promotes or wholesale promotes obscene material or an obscene device or possesses the same with intent to promote or wholesale promote it in the course of his business is presumed to do so with knowledge of its content and character.

(f)  A person who possesses six or more obscene devices or identical or similar obscene articles is presumed to possess them with intent to promote the same.

(g)  It is an affirmative defense to prosecution under this section that the person who possesses or promotes material or a device proscribed by this section does so for a bona fide medical, psychiatric, judicial, legislative, or law enforcement purpose.

(h)  The punishment for an offense under Subsection (a) is increased to the punishment for a felony of the third degree and the punishment for an offense under Subsection (c) is increased to the punishment for a state jail felony if it is shown on the trial of the offense that obscene material that is the subject of the offense visually depicts activities described by Section 43.21(a)(1)(B) engaged in by:

(1)  a child younger than 18 years of age at the time the image of the child was made;

(2)  an image that to a reasonable person would be virtually indistinguishable from the image of a child younger than 18 years of age; or

(3)  an image created, adapted, or modified to be the image of an identifiable child.

(i)  In this section, "identifiable child" means a person, recognizable as an actual person by the person's face, likeness, or other distinguishing characteristic, such as a unique birthmark or other recognizable feature:

(1)  who was younger than 18 years of age at the time the visual depiction was created, adapted, or modified; or

(2)  whose image as a person younger than 18 years of age was used in creating, adapting, or modifying the visual depiction.

(j)  An attorney representing the state who seeks an increase in punishment under Subsection (h)(3) is not required to prove the actual identity of an identifiable child.

Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 883, ch. 399, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1979, 66th Leg., p. 1975, ch. 778, Sec. 2, eff. Sept. 1, 1979; Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1005, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.



Section  43.24.  Sale, Distribution, Or Display Of Harmful Material To Minor.

(a) For purposes of this section:

(1)  "Minor" means an individual younger than 18 years.

(2)  "Harmful material" means material whose dominant theme taken as a whole:

(A)  appeals to the prurient interest of a minor, in sex, nudity, or excretion;

(B)  is patently offensive to prevailing standards in the adult community as a whole with respect to what is suitable for minors; and

(C)  is utterly without redeeming social value for minors.

(b)  A person commits an offense if, knowing that the material is harmful:

(1)  and knowing the person is a minor, he sells, distributes, exhibits, or possesses for sale, distribution, or exhibition to a minor harmful material;

(2)  he displays harmful material and is reckless about whether a minor is present who will be offended or alarmed by the display; or

(3)  he hires, employs, or uses a minor to do or accomplish or assist in doing or accomplishing any of the acts prohibited in Subsection (b)(1) or (b)(2).

(c)  It is a defense to prosecution under this section that:

(1)  the sale, distribution, or exhibition was by a person having scientific, educational, governmental, or other similar justification; or

(2)  the sale, distribution, or exhibition was to a minor who was accompanied by a consenting parent, guardian, or spouse.

(d)  An offense under this section is a Class A misdemeanor unless it is committed under Subsection (b)(3) in which event it is a felony of the third degree.

Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 883, ch. 399, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994.



Section  43.25.  Sexual Performance By A Child.

(a) In this section:

(1)  "Sexual performance" means any performance or part thereof that includes sexual conduct by a child younger than 18 years of age.

(2)  "Sexual conduct" means sexual contact, actual or simulated sexual intercourse, deviate sexual intercourse, sexual bestiality, masturbation, sado-masochistic abuse, or lewd exhibition of the genitals, the anus, or any portion of the female breast below the top of the areola.

(3)  "Performance" means any play, motion picture, photograph, dance, or other visual representation that can be exhibited before an audience of one or more persons.

(4)  "Produce" with respect to a sexual performance includes any conduct that directly contributes to the creation or manufacture of the sexual performance.

(5)  "Promote" means to procure, manufacture, issue, sell, give, provide, lend, mail, deliver, transfer, transmit, publish, distribute, circulate, disseminate, present, exhibit, or advertise or to offer or agree to do any of the above.

(6)  "Simulated" means the explicit depiction of sexual conduct that creates the appearance of actual sexual conduct and during which a person engaging in the conduct exhibits any uncovered portion of the breasts, genitals, or buttocks.

(7)  "Deviate sexual intercourse" and "sexual contact" have the meanings assigned by Section 43.01.

(b)  A person commits an offense if, knowing the character and content thereof, he employs, authorizes, or induces a child younger than 18 years of age to engage in sexual conduct or a sexual performance. A parent or legal guardian or custodian of a child younger than 18 years of age commits an offense if he consents to the participation by the child in a sexual performance.

(c)  An offense under Subsection (b) is a felony of the second degree, except that the offense is a felony of the first degree if the victim is younger than 14 years of age at the time the offense is committed.

(d)  A person commits an offense if, knowing the character and content of the material, he produces, directs, or promotes a performance that includes sexual conduct by a child younger than 18 years of age.

(e)  An offense under Subsection (d) is a felony of the third degree, except that the offense is a felony of the second degree if the victim is younger than 14 years of age at the time the offense is committed.

(f)  It is an affirmative defense to a prosecution under this section that:

(1)  the defendant was the spouse of the child at the time of the offense;

(2)  the conduct was for a bona fide educational, medical, psychological, psychiatric, judicial, law enforcement, or legislative purpose; or

(3)  the defendant is not more than two years older than the child.

(g)  When it becomes necessary for the purposes of this section or Section 43.26 to determine whether a child who participated in sexual conduct was younger than 18 years of age, the court or jury may make this determination by any of the following methods:

(1)  personal inspection of the child;

(2)  inspection of the photograph or motion picture that shows the child engaging in the sexual performance;

(3)  oral testimony by a witness to the sexual performance as to the age of the child based on the child's appearance at the time;

(4)  expert medical testimony based on the appearance of the child engaging in the sexual performance; or

(5)  any other method authorized by law or by the rules of evidence at common law.

Added by Acts 1977, 65th Leg., p. 1035, ch. 381, Sec. 1, eff. June 10, 1977. Amended by Acts 1979, 66th Leg., p. 1976, ch. 779, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1979; Acts 1985, 69th Leg., ch. 530, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1985; Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 1415, Sec. 22(b), eff. Sept. 1, 1999; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1005, Sec. 4, 5 eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 593, Sec. 1.20, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section  43.251.  Employment Harmful To Children.

(a) In this section:

(1)  "Child" means a person younger than 18 years of age.

(2)  "Massage" has the meaning assigned to the term "massage therapy" by Section 455.001, Occupations Code.

(3)  "Massage establishment" has the meaning assigned by Section 455.001, Occupations Code.

(4)  "Nude" means a child who is:

(A)  entirely unclothed; or

(B)  clothed in a manner that leaves uncovered or visible through less than fully opaque clothing any portion of the breasts below the top of the areola of the breasts, if the child is female, or any portion of the genitals or buttocks.

(5)  "Sexually oriented commercial activity" means a massage establishment, nude studio, modeling studio, love parlor, or other similar commercial enterprise the primary business of which is the offering of a service that is intended to provide sexual stimulation or sexual gratification to the customer.

(6)  "Topless" means a female child clothed in a manner that leaves uncovered or visible through less than fully opaque clothing any portion of her breasts below the top of the areola.

(b)  A person commits an offense if the person employs, authorizes, or induces a child to work:

(1)  in a sexually oriented commercial activity; or

(2)  in any place of business permitting, requesting, or requiring a child to work nude or topless.

(c)  An offense under this section is a Class A misdemeanor.

Added by Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 783, Sec. 1, eff. Aug. 31, 1987. Amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.832, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  43.26.  Possession Or Promotion Of Child Pornography.

(a) A person commits an offense if:

(1)  the person knowingly or intentionally possesses visual material that visually depicts a child younger than 18 years of age at the time the image of the child was made who is engaging in sexual conduct; and

(2)  the person knows that the material depicts the child as described by Subdivision (1).

(b)  In this section:

(1)  "Promote" has the meaning assigned by Section 43.25.

(2)  "Sexual conduct" has the meaning assigned by Section 43.25.

(3)  "Visual material" means:

(A)  any film, photograph, videotape, negative, or slide or any photographic reproduction that contains or incorporates in any manner any film, photograph, videotape, negative, or slide; or

(B)  any disk, diskette, or other physical medium that allows an image to be displayed on a computer or other video screen and any image transmitted to a computer or other video screen by telephone line, cable, satellite transmission, or other method.

(c)  The affirmative defenses provided by Section 43.25(f) also apply to a prosecution under this section.

(d)  An offense under Subsection (a) is a felony of the third degree.

(e)  A person commits an offense if:

(1)  the person knowingly or intentionally promotes or possesses with intent to promote material described by Subsection (a)(1); and

(2)  the person knows that the material depicts the child as described by Subsection (a)(1).

(f)  A person who possesses visual material that contains six or more identical visual depictions of a child as described by Subsection (a)(1) is presumed to possess the material with the intent to promote the material.

(g)  An offense under Subsection (e) is a felony of the second degree.

Added by Acts 1985, 69th Leg., ch. 530, Sec. 2, eff. Sept. 1, 1985. Amended by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 361, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1989; Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 968, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1989; Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994; Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 76, Sec. 14.51, eff. Sept. 1, 1995; Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 933, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1997; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 1415, Sec. 22(c), eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  43.27.  Duty To Report. (a

) For purposes of this section, " visual material" has the meaning assigned by Section 43.26.

(b)  A business that develops or processes visual material and determines that the material may be evidence of a criminal offense under this subchapter shall report the existence of the visual material to a local law enforcement agency.

Added by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1005, Sec. 6, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.


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