Law:Title 7. Regulation Of Land Use, Structures, Businesses, And Related Activities. Subtitle B. County Regulatory Authority from Chapter 234. County Regulation Of Businesses And Occupations (Texas)

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Subtitle B. County Regulatory Authority

Contents

Chapter 234. County Regulation Of Businesses And Occupations

Subchapter A. Certain Outdoor Businesses

Section  234.001.  Definitions.

In this subchapter:

(1)  "Automotive wrecking and salvage yard" means a business, other than a business classified as a salvage pool operator under Chapter 2302, Occupations Code, that stores three or more wrecked vehicles outdoors for the purpose of:

(A)  selling the vehicles whole; or

(B)  dismantling or otherwise wrecking the vehicles to remove parts for sale or for use in an automotive repair or rebuilding business.

(2)  "Demolition business" means a business that demolishes structures, including houses and other buildings, in order to salvage building materials and that stores those materials before disposing of them.

(3)  "Flea market" means an outdoor market for selling secondhand articles or antiques.

(4)  "Junkyard" means a business that stores, buys, or sells materials that have been discarded or sold at a nominal price by a previous owner and that keeps all or part of the materials outdoors until disposing of them.

(5)  "Outdoor resale business" means a business that sells used merchandise, other than automobiles, logging equipment, or other agricultural equipment, and stores or displays the merchandise outdoors.

(6)  "Recycling business" means a business that is primarily engaged in:

(A)  converting ferrous or nonferrous metals or other materials into raw material products having prepared grades and having an existing or potential economic value;

(B)  using raw material products of that kind in the production of new products; or

(C)  obtaining or storing ferrous or nonferrous metals or other materials for a purpose described by Paragraph (A) or (B).

Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 107, Sec. 8.01(a), eff. Aug. 30, 1993. Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 992, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 12.003(6), eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1276, Sec. 14A.789, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.



Section  234.002.  Authority To Regulate; Adoption Of Rule.

(a) The commissioners court of a county by order may establish visual aesthetic standards for automotive wrecking and salvage yards, junkyards, recycling businesses, flea markets, demolition businesses, and outdoor resale businesses in the unincorporated area of the county.

(b)  The commissioners court may not include in an order adopted under this section a screening requirement for an automotive wrecking and salvage yard or a junkyard that is less restrictive than the screening requirement under Chapter 396, Transportation Code.

(c)  An order adopted under this section must provide a reasonable period of time not to exceed 12 months for a business operating on the effective date of the order to comply with the visual aesthetic standards.

Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 107, Sec. 8.01, eff. Aug. 30, 1993. Amended by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 30.222, eff. Sept. 1, 1997. Renumbered from Sec. 238.002 by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 12.003(6), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  234.003.  Exceptions.

(a) A commissioners court may not regulate under this subchapter farm machinery owned or operated by the person on whose property the machinery is located and kept on that property for purposes other than sale.

(b)  A business subject to a screening requirement under Subchapter E of Chapter 391, Chapter 396, or Chapter 397, Transportation Code, that was in compliance with that screening requirement on August 26, 1991, is exempt from a screening requirement adopted under this subchapter.

Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 107, Sec. 8.01, eff. Aug. 30, 1993. Amended by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 30.223, eff. Sept. 1, 1997. Renumbered from Sec. 238.003 and amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch; 1420, Sec. 12.003(6), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  234.004.  Civil Penalty.

(a) The appropriate attorney representing the county in civil cases may file a civil action to recover a civil penalty from a business that violates a visual aesthetic standard established under this subchapter. The penalty may not exceed $50 each day for the first 10 days of the violation, $100 each day for the next 10 days, $250 each day for the next 10 days, and $1,000 for each day thereafter. In determining the amount of the penalty, the court shall consider the seriousness of the violation.

(b)  A penalty recovered under this section shall be deposited in the general fund of the county.

Added by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 107, Sec. 8.01, eff. Aug. 30, 1993. Renumbered from Sec. 238.004 and amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch; 1420, Sec. 12.003(6), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Subchapter B. Slaughterers

Section  234.031.  Definition.

In this subchapter, "slaughterer" has the meaning assigned by Section 148.001, Agriculture Code.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 1044, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995. Renumbered from Sec. 240.061 by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 12.003(7), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  234.032.  Applicability.

This subchapter applies only in the unincorporated area of a county if the county:

(1)  contains two or more municipalities with a population of 250,000 or more; or

(2)  is a county adjacent to a county described by Subdivision (1).

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 1044, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995. Renumbered from Sec. 240.062 and amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch; 1420, Sec. 12.003(7), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  234.033.  Location Of Slaughterer.

The commissioners court of the county may prohibit the operations of a slaughterer:

(1)  within 1,000 feet of a school or residence; or

(2)  at any other location if the commissioners court finds that the operation of a slaughterer's business is incompatible with the existing land use of the neighboring area or would impose an undue hardship on persons residing or trading in the neighboring area.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 1044, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995. Renumbered from Sec. 240.063 by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 12.003(7), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  234.034.  Permit Required.

The commissioners court may require that a slaughterer obtain a permit from the county before engaging in the slaughtering business in the county. The commissioners court may set a fee to be paid for a permit.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 1044, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995. Renumbered from Sec. 240.064 by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 12.003(7), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  234.035.  Rules.

The commissioners court may adopt rules as necessary to administer this subchapter.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 1044, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995. Renumbered from Sec. 240.065 and amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch; 1420, Sec. 12.003(7), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  234.036.  Injunction.

A district or county attorney may bring suit to enjoin the operations of a slaughterer in violation of this subchapter or a rule adopted by a county under this subchapter.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 1044, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995. Renumbered from Sec. 240.066 by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 12.003(7), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  234.037.  Offense.

A person commits an offense if a person violates a provision of this subchapter or a rule adopted under this subchapter. An offense under this section is a Class C misdemeanor.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 1044, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995. Renumbered from Sec. 240.067 by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 12.003(7), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Subchapter D. Massage Parlors

Section 234.101.  Definitions.

In this subchapter:

(1)  "Massage parlor" means a business establishment that purports to provide massage services and that allows:

(A)  a nude person to provide massage services to a customer;

(B)  a person to engage in sexual contact for compensation; or

(C)  a person to provide massage services in clothing intended to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person.

(2)  "Nude" and "sexual contact" have the meanings assigned by Section 455.202, Occupations Code.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 932, Sec. 1, eff. June 19, 2009.



Section 234.102.  Authority To Regulate.

To promote public health, safety, and welfare, the commissioners court of a county by order may prohibit or otherwise regulate massage parlors located in the unincorporated area of the county.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 932, Sec. 1, eff. June 19, 2009.



Section 234.103.  Injunction.

If a massage parlor has previously violated a prohibition or other regulation adopted under this subchapter, a district or county attorney may bring suit to enjoin the operation of a massage parlor in violation or threatened violation of a prohibition or other regulation adopted under this subchapter.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 932, Sec. 1, eff. June 19, 2009.



Section 234.104.  Civil Penalty.

(a) A person who violates a prohibition or regulation adopted by the county under this subchapter is liable to the county for a civil penalty of not more than $1,000 for each violation.  Each day a violation continues is considered a separate violation for purposes of assessing the civil penalty.

(b)  A county may bring suit in a district court to recover a civil penalty authorized by Subsection (a).

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 932, Sec. 1, eff. June 19, 2009.



Section 234.105.  Criminal Penalty.

(a) A person commits an offense if the person intentionally or knowingly operates a massage parlor in violation of a prohibition or regulation adopted under this subchapter by the commissioners court.

(b)  An offense under this section is a Class A misdemeanor.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 932, Sec. 1, eff. June 19, 2009.



Section 234.106.  Cumulative Effect.

Authority under this subchapter is cumulative of other authority that a county has to regulate massage parlors and does not limit that other authority.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 932, Sec. 1, eff. June 19, 2009.



Section 234.107.  Effect On Other Laws.

(a) This subchapter does not legalize anything prohibited under the Penal Code or other state law.

(b)  A person who is subject to prosecution under this section and any other law may be prosecuted under either or both laws.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 932, Sec. 1, eff. June 19, 2009.


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