Law:Title 3. Health Professions. Subtitle B. Physicians from Chapter 162. Regulation Of Practice Of Medicine (Texas)

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Subtitle B. Physicians

Contents

Chapter 162. Regulation Of Practice Of Medicine

Subchapter A. Regulation By Board Of Certain Nonprofit Health Corporations

Section  162.001.  Certification By Board.

(a) The board by rule shall certify a health organization that:

(1)  applies for certification on a form approved by the board; and

(2)  presents proof satisfactory to the board that the organization meets the requirements of Subsection (b) or (c).

(b)  The board shall approve and certify a health organization that:

(1)  is a nonprofit corporation under the Texas Non-Profit Corporation Act (Article 1396-1.01 et seq., Vernon's Texas Civil Statutes) organized to:

(A)  conduct scientific research and research projects in the public interest in the field of medical science, medical economics, public health, sociology, or a related area;

(B)  support medical education in medical schools through grants and scholarships;

(C)  improve and develop the capabilities of individuals and institutions studying, teaching, and practicing medicine;

(D)  deliver health care to the public; or

(E)  instruct the general public in medical science, public health, and hygiene and provide related instruction useful to individuals and beneficial to the community;

(2)  is organized and incorporated solely by persons licensed by the board; and

(3)  has as its directors and trustees persons who are:

(A)  licensed by the board; and

(B)  actively engaged in the practice of medicine.

(c)  The board shall certify a health organization to contract with or employ physicians licensed by the board if the organization:

(1)  is a nonprofit corporation under the Texas Non-Profit Corporation Act (Article 1396-1.01 et seq., Vernon's Texas Civil Statutes) and Section 501(c)(3), Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. Sec. 501(c)(3)); and

(2)  is organized and operated as:

(A)  a migrant, community, or homeless health center under the authority of and in compliance with 42 U.S.C. Section 254b or 254c; or

(B)  a federally qualified health center under 42 U.S.C. Section 1396d(l)(2)(B).

(c-4)  The board shall certify a health organization to contract with or employ physicians licensed by the board if the organization:

(1)  is a hospital district:

(A)  recognized by a federal agency as a public entity eligible to receive a grant related to a community or federally qualified health center described by Subdivision (2); and

(B)  created in a county with a population of more than 800,000 that was not included in the boundaries of a hospital district before September 1, 2003; and

(2)  is organized and operated as:

(A)  a migrant, community, or homeless health center under the authority of and in compliance with 42 U.S.C. Section 254b or 254c; or

(B)  a federally qualified health center under 42 U.S.C. Section 1396d(l)(2)(B).

(c-5)  This section applies to a hospital district described by Subsection (c-4) only in relation to the hospital district's operations as a community or federally qualified health center described by Subsection (c-4)(2).

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 601, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2005.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 164, Sec. 8, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section  162.002.  Limitation On Physician Fees. A P

hysician who provides professional medical services for a health organization certified under Section 162.001(c) shall provide those services free of charge, or at a reduced fee commensurate with the patient's ability to pay, in compliance with 42 U.S.C. Section 254b or 254c.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  162.003.  Refusal To Certify; Revocation.

On a determination that a health organization is established, organized, or operated in violation of or with the intent to violate this subtitle, the board:

(1)  may refuse to certify the health organization on application for certification by the organization under Section 162.001; and

(2)  shall revoke a certification made under Section 162.001 to that organization.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Subchapter B. Authority To Form Certain Entities

Section  162.051.  Authority To Form Certain Jointly Owned Entities.

(a) Except as provided by Section 165.155, a physician and an optometrist or therapeutic optometrist may, for a purpose described by Subsection (b), organize, jointly own, and manage any legal entity, including:

(1)  a partnership under the Texas Revised Partnership Act (Article 6132b-1.01 et seq., Vernon's Texas Civil Statutes);

(2)  a limited partnership under the Texas Revised Limited Partnership Act (Article 6132a-1, Vernon's Texas Civil Statutes); and

(3)  a limited liability company under the Texas Limited Liability Company Act (Article 1528n, Vernon's Texas Civil Statutes).

(b)  An entity authorized under Subsection (a) may:

(1)  own real property, other physical facilities, or equipment for the delivery of health care services or management;

(2)  lease, rent, or otherwise acquire the use of real property, other physical facilities, or equipment for the delivery of health care services or management; or

(3)  employ or otherwise use a person who is not a physician, optometrist, or therapeutic optometrist for the delivery of health care services or management.

(c)  Only a physician, optometrist, or therapeutic optometrist may own an interest in an entity authorized under Subsection (a). This subsection does not prohibit an entity from making one or more payments to an owner's estate following the owner's death under an agreement with the owner or as otherwise authorized or required by law.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section 162.052.  Notice Of Certain Ownership Interests. (a)

In this section, "niche hospital" has the meaning assigned by Section 105.002.

(b)  A physician shall notify the Department of State Health Services of any ownership interest held by the physician in a niche hospital.

(c)  Subsection (b) does not apply to an ownership interest in publicly available shares of a registered investment company, such as a mutual fund, that owns publicly traded equity securities or debt obligations issued by a niche hospital or an entity that owns the niche hospital.

(d)  The board, in consultation with the Department of State Health Services, shall adopt rules governing the form and content of the notice required by Subsection (b).

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 836, Sec. 2, eff. September 1, 2005.



Subchapter C. Anesthesia In Outpatient Setting

Section  162.101.  Definition.

In this subchapter, "outpatient setting" means a facility, clinic, center, office, or other setting that is not part of a licensed hospital or a licensed ambulatory surgical center.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  162.102.  Rules.

(a) The board by rule shall establish the minimum standards for anesthesia services provided in an outpatient setting by a person licensed by the board.

(b)  The rules adopted under this section must be designed to protect the health, safety, and welfare of the public and include requirements relating to:

(1)  general anesthesia, regional anesthesia, and monitored anesthesia care;

(2)  patient evaluation, diagnosis, counseling, and preparation;

(3)  patient monitoring to be performed and equipment to be used during a procedure and during post-procedure monitoring;

(4)  emergency procedures, drugs, and equipment, including education, training, and certification of personnel, as appropriate, and including protocols for transfers to a hospital;

(5)  the documentation necessary to demonstrate compliance with this subchapter; and

(6)  the period in which protocols or procedures covered by rules of the board shall be reviewed, updated, or amended.

(c)  The board shall cooperate with the Texas Board of Nursing in the adoption of rules under this subchapter to eliminate, to the extent possible, conflicts between the rules adopted by each board.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 889, Sec. 34, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section 162.103.  Applicability.

Rules adopted by the board under this subchapter do not apply to:

(1)  an outpatient setting in which only local anesthesia, peripheral nerve blocks, or both are used;

(2)   a licensed hospital, including an outpatient facility of the hospital that is located separate from the hospital;

(3)  a licensed ambulatory surgical center;

(4)  a clinic located on land recognized as tribal land by the federal government and maintained or operated by a federally recognized Indian tribe or tribal organization as listed by the United States secretary of the interior under 25 U.S.C. Section 479a-1 or as listed under a successor federal statute or regulation;

(5)  a facility maintained or operated by a state or local governmental entity;

(6)  a clinic directly maintained or operated by the United States; or

(7)  an outpatient setting accredited by:

(A)  the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations relating to ambulatory surgical centers;

(B)  the American Association for the Accreditation of Ambulatory Surgery Facilities; or

(C)  the Accreditation Association for Ambulatory Health Care.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 269, Sec. 1.31, eff. September 1, 2005.



Section  162.104.  Registration Required.

(a) The board shall require each physician who administers anesthesia or performs a surgical procedure for which anesthesia services are provided in an outpatient setting to register with the board on a form prescribed by the board and to pay a fee to the board in an amount established by the board.

(b)  The board shall coordinate the registration required under this section with the registration required under Chapter 156 so that the times of registration, payment, notice, and imposition of penalties for late payment are similar and provide a minimum of administrative burden to the board and to physicians.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001. Amended by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 202, Sec. 25, eff. June 10, 2003.



Section  162.105.  Compliance With Anesthesia Rules.

(a) A physician who practices medicine in this state and who administers anesthesia or performs a surgical procedure for which anesthesia services are provided in an outpatient setting shall comply with the rules adopted under this subchapter.

(b)  The board may require a physician to submit and comply with a corrective action plan to remedy or address any current or potential deficiencies with the physician's provision of anesthesia in an outpatient setting in accordance with this subtitle or rules of the board.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  162.106.  Inspections.

(a) The board may conduct inspections to enforce this subchapter, including inspections of an office site and of documents of a physician's practice that relate to the provision of anesthesia in an outpatient setting. The board may contract with another state agency or qualified person to conduct the inspections.

(b)  Unless it would jeopardize an ongoing investigation, the board shall provide at least five business days' notice before conducting an on-site inspection under this section.

(c)  This section does not require the board to make an on-site inspection of a physician's office.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  162.107.  Requests For Inspection And Advisory Opinion.

(a) The board may consider a request by a physician for an on-site inspection. The board, on payment of a fee established by the board, may conduct the inspection and issue an advisory opinion.

(b)  An advisory opinion issued by the board under this section is not binding on the board. Except as provided by Subsection (c), the board may take any action under this subtitle relating to the situation addressed by the advisory opinion that the board considers appropriate.

(c)  A physician who requests and relies on an advisory opinion of the board may use the opinion as mitigating evidence in an action or proceeding to impose an administrative penalty or assess a civil penalty under this subtitle. On receipt of proof of reliance on an advisory opinion, the board or court, as appropriate, shall consider the reliance and mitigate imposition of an administrative penalty or assessment of a civil penalty accordingly.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Subchapter D. Physician Credentialing

Section  162.151.  Definitions.

In this subchapter:

(1)  "Core credentials data" means:

(A)  name and other demographic data;

(B)  professional education;

(C)  professional training;

(D)  licenses; and

(E)  Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates certification.

(2)  "Credentials verification organization" means an organization that is certified or accredited and organized to collect, verify, maintain, store, and provide to health care entities a health care practitioner's verified credentials data, including all corrections, updates, and modifications to that data. For purposes of this subdivision, "certified" or "accredited" includes certification or accreditation by a nationally recognized accreditation organization.

(3)  "Health care entity" means:

(A)  a health care facility or other health care organization licensed or certified to provide approved medical and allied health services in this state;

(B)  an entity licensed by the Texas Department of Insurance as a prepaid health care plan or health maintenance organization or as an insurer to provide coverage for health care services through a network of providers; or

(C)  a health care provider entity accepting delegated credentialing functions from a health maintenance organization.

(4)  "Physician" means a holder of or applicant for a license under this subtitle as a medical doctor or doctor of osteopathy.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  162.152.  Associations. Eac

h provision of this subchapter that applies to a health care entity also applies to an association that represents federally qualified health centers. For purposes of this section, "federally qualified health center" has the meaning assigned by 42 U.S.C. Section 1396d(l)(2)(B), as amended.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  162.153.  Standardized Credentials Verification Program.

(a) The board shall develop standardized forms and guidelines for and administer:

(1)  the collection, verification, correction, updating, modification, maintenance, and storage of information relating to physician credentials; and

(2)  the release of that information to health care entities or designated credentials verification organizations authorized by the physician to receive that information.

(b)  Except as provided by Subsection (c), a physician whose core credentials data is submitted to the board is not required to resubmit the data when applying for practice privileges with a health care entity.

(c)  A physician shall:

(1)  provide to the board any correction, update, or modification of the physician's core credentials data not later than the 30th day after the date the data on file is no longer accurate; and

(2)  resubmit the physician's core credentials data annually if the physician did not submit a correction, update, or modification during the preceding year.

(d)  A health care entity that employs, contracts with, or credentials physicians must use the board to obtain core credentials data for items for which the board is designated or accepted as a primary source by a national accreditation organization. A health care entity may act through its designated credentials verification organization.

(e)  This section does not restrict the authority of a health care entity to approve or deny an original or renewal application for hospital staff membership, clinical privileges, or managed care network participation.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  162.154.  Furnishing Of Data To Health Care Entity.

Not later than the 15th business day after the date the board receives a request for the data, the board shall make available to a health care entity or its designated credentials verification organization all core credentials data it collects on a physician, including any correction, update, or modification of that data, if authorized by the physician.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  162.155.  Review Of Data By Physician.

(a) Before releasing a physician's core credentials data from its data bank for the first time, the board shall provide to the affected physician 15 business days to review the data and request reconsideration or resolution of errors in or omissions from the data. The board shall include with the data any change or clarification made by the physician.

(b)  The board shall notify a physician of any change to the physician's core credentials data when a change is made or initiated by a person other than the physician.

(c)  A physician may request to review the physician's core credentials data collected at any time after the initial release of information. The board is not required to hold, release, or modify any information because of the request.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  162.156.  Data Duplication Prohibited.

(a) A health care entity may not collect or attempt to collect duplicate core credentials data from a physician if the information is already on file with the board. This section does not restrict the right of a health care entity to request additional information not included in the core credentials data on file with the board that is necessary for the entity to credential the physician. A health care entity or its designated credentials verification organization may collect any additional information required by the health care entity's credentialing process from a primary source of that information.

(b)  A state agency may not collect or attempt to collect duplicate core credentials data from a physician if the information is already on file with the board. This section does not restrict the right of a state agency to request additional information not included in the core credentials data on file with the board that the agency considers necessary for its specific credentialing purposes.

(c)  The board by rule may except from Subsections (a) and (b) a request for core credentials data that is necessary for a health care entity to provide temporary privileges during the credentialing process.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  162.157.  Immunity.

A health care entity or its designated credentials verification organization is immune from liability arising from its reliance on data furnished by the board under this subchapter.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  162.158.  Rules.

The board shall adopt rules as necessary to develop and implement the standardized credentials verification program established by this subchapter.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  162.159.  Confidentiality.

The information collected, maintained, or stored by the board under this subchapter is privileged and confidential and not subject to discovery, subpoena, or other means of legal compulsion for its release or to disclosure under Chapter 552, Government Code, except as otherwise provided by this subchapter.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  162.160.  Use Of Independent Contractor.

The board may contract with an independent contractor to collect, verify, maintain, store, or release information. The contract must provide for board oversight and for the confidentiality of the information. If the board contracts with an independent entity that is not a governmental unit to carry out this subchapter, the independent entity is not immune from liability.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  162.161.  Fees.

(a) The board shall prescribe and assess fees in amounts necessary to cover its cost of operating under and administering this subchapter.

(b)  The board may waive a fee for a state agency that is required to obtain core credentials data from the board and that Section 162.156 prohibits from collecting duplicate data.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  162.162.  Gifts, Grants, And Donations.

In addition to any fees paid to the board or money appropriated to the board, the board may receive and accept a gift, grant, donation, or other thing of value from any source, including the United States or a private source.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Subchapter E. Employment Of Physician By Private Medical School

Section  162.201.  Employment Of Physician Permitted.

A private nonprofit medical school that is certified under Section 162.203, that is accredited by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education, and that was appropriated funds by the legislature in the 75th Legislature, Regular Session, 1997, may retain, in fulfilling its educational mission, all or part of the professional income generated by a physician for medical services if the physician is employed as a faculty member of the school and provides medical services as part of the physician's responsibilities.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  162.202.  Committee Established By School.

(a) A private medical school subject to this subchapter shall establish a committee consisting of at least five actively practicing physicians who provide care in the clinical program of the private medical school. The committee shall approve existing policies, or adopt new policies if none exist, to ensure that a physician whose professional income is retained under Section 162.201 is exercising the physician's independent medical judgment in providing care to patients in the school's clinical programs.

(b)  The policies adopted under this section must include policies relating to credentialing, quality assurance, utilization review, peer review, medical decision-making, governance of the committee, and due process.

(c)  Each member of a committee under this section shall provide to the board biennially a signed and verified statement indicating that the member:

(1)  is licensed by the board;

(2)  will exercise independent medical judgment in all committee matters, specifically in matters relating to credentialing, quality assurance, utilization review, peer review, medical decision-making, and due process;

(3)  will exercise the member's best efforts to ensure compliance with the private medical school's policies that are adopted or established by the committee; and

(4)  shall report immediately to the board any action or event that the member reasonably and in good faith believes constitutes a compromise of the independent judgment of a physician in caring for a patient in the private medical school's clinical program or in carrying out the member's duties as a committee member.

(d)  The board shall adopt rules requiring the disclosure of financial conflicts of interest by a committee member.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  162.203.  Certification Of School By Board.

(a) A private school that retains a physician's professional income under Section 162.201 must be certified by the board as being in compliance with this subchapter.

(b)  The board shall prescribe an application form to be provided to the school and may adopt rules as necessary to administer this subchapter.

(c)  The board may prescribe and assess a fee for the certification of a school and for investigation and review of the school in an amount not to exceed the fee assessed on an organization described by Section 162.001.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  162.204.  Biennial Report.

A private medical school certified under Section 162.203 shall provide to the board a biennial report certifying that the school is in compliance with this subchapter.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  162.205.  Suspension Or Revocation Of Certification.

If the board determines at any time that a private medical school certified under Section 162.203 has failed to comply with this subchapter, the board may suspend or revoke the school's certification.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  162.206.  Limitation On School's Authority.

A private medical school's authority to retain a physician's professional income does not apply to a physician providing care in a facility owned or operated by the school that is established outside the school's historical geographical service area as it existed June 19, 1999.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  162.207.

  APPLICATION OF

Subchapter

. This subchapter does not:

(1)  affect the reporting requirements under Section 160.003; or

(2)  apply to a private medical school certified under this subchapter if all or substantially all of the school's assets are sold.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.033(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.


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