Law:Title 10. Occupations Related To Law Enforcement And Security (Texas)

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Contents

Chapter 1701. Law Enforcement Officers

Subchapter A. General Provisions

Section  1701.001.  Definitions.

In this chapter:

(1)  "Commission" means the Commission on Law Enforcement Officer Standards and Education.

(2)  "County jailer" means a person employed as a county jail guard under Section 85.005, Local Government Code.

(3)  "Officer" means a peace officer or reserve law enforcement officer.

(4)  "Peace officer" means a person elected, employed, or appointed as a peace officer under Article 2.12, Code of Criminal Procedure, or other law.

(5)  "Public security officer" means a person employed or appointed as an armed security officer by this state or a political subdivision of this state. The term does not include a security officer employed by a private security company that contracts with this state or a political subdivision of this state to provide security services for the entity.

(6)  "Reserve law enforcement officer" means a person designated as a reserve law enforcement officer under Section 85.004, 86.012, or 341.012, Local Government Code, or Section 60.0775, Water Code.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 173, Sec. 2, eff. May 27, 2005.



Section 1701.002.  Application Of Sunset Act.

The Commission on Law Enforcement Officer Standards and Education is subject to Chapter 325, Government Code (Texas Sunset Act).  Unless continued in existence as provided by that chapter, the commission is abolished and this chapter expires September 1, 2021.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1701.003.  Application Of Chapter.

(a) Except as expressly provided by this chapter, this chapter does not:

(1)  limit the powers or duties of a municipality or county; or

(2)  affect Chapter 143, Local Government Code.

(b)  This chapter does not affect a constable or other officer or county jailer elected under the Texas Constitution before September 1, 1985, and does not affect a person who held the office of sheriff before January 1, 1994.

(c)  This chapter does not prevent an employing agency from establishing qualifications and standards for hiring or training officers and county jailers that exceed the commission's minimum standards.

(d)  A provision of this chapter applying to issuance or revocation of a peace officer license applies to issuance or revocation of a public security officer license.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Subchapter B. Commission On Law Enforcement Officer Standards And Education

Section  1701.051.  Commission Membership.

(a) The Commission on Law Enforcement Officer Standards and Education is an agency of this state and consists of nine members appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate as follows:

(1)  three members who are sheriffs, constables, or chiefs of police;

(2)  three members who:

(A)  are licensed under this chapter, two of whom are peace officers who, at the time of appointment, hold nonsupervisory positions with a law enforcement agency; and

(B)  have been licensed under this chapter for the five years preceding the date of appointment; and

(3)  three members who represent the public.

(b)  Appointments to the commission shall be made without regard to the race, color, disability, sex, religion, age, or national origin of the appointees.

(c)  A public officer appointed to the commission serves on the commission as an additional duty of the office.

(1) Expired.

(2) Expired.

(3) Expired.

(4) Expired.

(5) Expired.

(d)  Repealed by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 35(1), eff. September 1, 2009.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 35(1), eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1701.052.  Eligibility Of Public Members.

A person is not eligible for appointment as a public member of the commission if the person or the person's spouse:

(1)  is registered, certified, or licensed by an occupational regulatory agency in the field of law enforcement;

(2)  is employed by or participates in the management of a business entity or other organization regulated by the commission or receiving funds from the commission;

(3)  owns or controls, directly or indirectly, more than a 10 percent interest in a business entity or other organization regulated by the commission or receiving funds from the commission;

(4)  uses or receives a substantial amount of tangible goods, services, or funds from the commission, other than compensation or reimbursement authorized by law for commission membership, attendance, or expenses; or

(5)  is an officer, employee, or paid consultant of a law enforcement labor union.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section 1701.053.  Membership And Employee Restrictions.

(a) In this section, "Texas trade association" means a cooperative and voluntarily joined statewide association of business or professional competitors in this state designed to assist its members and its industry or profession in dealing with mutual business or professional problems and in promoting their common interest.

(b)  A person may not be a commission member and may not be an employee of the commission employed in a "bona fide executive, administrative, or professional capacity," as that phrase is used for purposes of establishing an exemption to the overtime provisions of the federal Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. Section 201 et seq.), if:

(1)  the person is an officer, employee, or paid consultant of a Texas trade association in the field of law enforcement or county corrections; or

(2)  the person's spouse is an officer, manager, or paid consultant of a Texas trade association in the field of law enforcement or county corrections.

(c)   A person may not be a member of the commission or act as the general counsel to the commission or the agency if the person is required to register as a lobbyist under Chapter 305, Government Code, because of the person's activities for compensation on behalf of a profession related to the commission's operation.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 2, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1701.054.  Terms; Vacancy.

(a) Appointed commission members serve staggered six-year terms. Every two years:

(1)  the term of one of the members appointed under Section 1701.051(a)(1) expires;

(2)  the term of one of the members appointed under Section 1701.051(a)(2) expires; and

(3)  the term of one of the members appointed under Section 1701.051(a)(3) expires.

(b)  A vacancy in an office of a member of the commission shall be filled for the unexpired term.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.055.  Officers; Quorum; Voting.

(a) The governor shall designate a commission member to serve as the commission's presiding officer. The presiding officer serves in that capacity at the will of the governor.

(b)  At its first meeting after appointment of members to serve regular terms, the commission shall elect an assistant presiding officer and a secretary from its appointed members.

(c)  Five members, excluding ex officio members, constitute a quorum.

(d)  An ex officio member may not vote.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.056.  Grounds For Removal.

(a) It is a ground for removal from the commission that a member:

(1)  does not have at the time of taking office the qualifications required by Section 1701.051(a) or 1701.052;

(2)  does not maintain during service on the commission the qualifications required by Section 1701.051(a) or 1701.052;

(3)  is ineligible for membership under Section 1701.053;

(4)  cannot, because of illness or disability, discharge the member's duties for a substantial part of the member's term; or

(5)  is absent from more than half of the regularly scheduled commission meetings that the member is eligible to attend during a calendar year without an excuse approved by a majority vote of the commission.

(b)  The validity of an action of the commission is not affected by the fact that it is taken when a ground for removal of a commission member exists.

(c)  If the executive director has knowledge that a potential ground for removal exists, the executive director shall notify the commission's presiding officer of the potential ground. The presiding officer shall then notify the governor and the attorney general that a potential ground for removal exists. If the potential ground for removal involves the presiding officer, the executive director shall notify the next highest ranking officer of the commission, who shall notify the governor and the attorney general that a potential ground for removal exists.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 3, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1701.057.  Compensation; Reimbursement.

(a) A commission member may not receive compensation for service on the commission.

(b)  A commission member is entitled to reimbursement for actual and necessary expenses incurred in performing functions under this chapter.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.058.  Meetings.

(a) The commission shall meet at least once during each biennium to receive public comment on training and standards for officers and county jailers. Within a reasonable time after the meeting, the commission shall report to the governor and legislature findings and recommendations resulting from the meeting.

(b)  The commission may meet at other times and places in this state that the commission considers proper. The presiding officer may call a meeting on the officer's own motion and shall call a meeting on the written request of five members.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section 1701.059.  Training.

(a) A person who is appointed to and qualifies for office as a member of the commission may not vote, deliberate, or be counted as a member in attendance at a meeting of the commission until the person completes a training program that complies with this section.

(b)  The training program must provide the person with information regarding:

(1)  the legislation that created the commission;

(2)  the programs, functions, rules, and budget of the commission;

(3)  the results of the most recent formal audit of the commission;

(4)  the requirements of laws relating to open meetings, public information, administrative procedure, and conflicts of interest; and

(5)   any applicable ethics policies adopted by the commission or the Texas Ethics Commission.

(c)  A person appointed to the commission is entitled to reimbursement, as provided by the General Appropriations Act, for travel expenses incurred in attending the training program regardless of whether the attendance at the program occurs before or after the person qualifies for office.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 4, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1701.060.  Application Of Open Records Law And Administrative Procedure Law.

Except as provided by Sections 1701.502 and 1701.503, the commission is subject to Chapters 551 and 2001, Government Code.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Subchapter C. Executive Director And Personnel

Section  1701.101.  Executive Director.

The commission may employ an executive director.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.102.  Personnel.

The commission may employ personnel necessary to perform commission functions.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.103.  Division Of Responsibilities.

The commission shall develop and implement policies that clearly define the policy-making responsibilities of the commission and the management responsibilities of the executive director and the staff of the commission.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.104.  Qualifications And Standards Of Conduct Information.

The executive director or the executive director's designee shall provide, as often as necessary, to the commission's members and employees information regarding their:

(1)  qualifications for office or employment under this chapter; and

(2)  responsibilities under applicable laws relating to standards of conduct for state officers or employees.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.105.  Career Ladder Program; Performance Evaluations.

(a) The executive director or the executive director's designee shall develop an intra-agency career ladder program that addresses opportunities for mobility and advancement for employees within the agency. The program must require intra-agency posting of all positions concurrently with any public posting.

(b)  The executive director or the executive director's designee shall develop a system of annual performance evaluations that are based on documented employee performance. All merit pay for commission employees must be based on this system.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.106.  Equal Employment Opportunity Policy; Report.

(a) The executive director or the executive director's designee shall prepare and maintain a written policy statement to ensure implementation of an equal employment opportunity program under which all personnel transactions are made without regard to race, color, disability, sex, religion, age, or national origin. The policy statement must include:

(1)  personnel policies, including policies related to recruitment, evaluation, selection, appointment, training, and promotion of personnel that are in compliance with requirements of Chapter 21, Labor Code;

(2)  a comprehensive analysis of the commission workforce that meets federal and state laws, rules, and regulations and instructions promulgated directly from those laws, rules, and regulations;

(3)  procedures by which a determination can be made of underuse in the commission workforce of all persons for whom federal or state laws, rules, and regulations and instructions promulgated directly from those laws, rules, and regulations encourage a more equitable balance; and

(4)  reasonable methods to appropriately address those areas of underuse.

(b)  A policy statement prepared under Subsection (a) must:

(1)  cover an annual period;

(2)  be updated annually;

(3)  be reviewed by the Commission on Human Rights for compliance with Subsection (a)(1); and

(4)  be filed with the governor.

(c)  The governor shall deliver a biennial report to the legislature based on the information received under Subsection (b). The report may be made separately or as a part of other biennial reports to the legislature.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Subchapter D. Powers And Duties Of Commission

Section  1701.151.  General Powers Of Commission; Rulemaking Authority.

The commission may:

(1)  adopt rules for the administration of this chapter and for the commission's internal management and control;

(2)  establish minimum standards relating to competence and reliability, including education, training, physical, mental, and moral standards, for licensing as an officer, county jailer, or public security officer;

(3)  report to the governor and legislature on the commission's activities, with recommendations on matters under the commission's jurisdiction, and make other reports that the commission considers desirable;

(4)  require a state agency or a county, special district, or municipality in this state that employs officers or county jailers to submit reports and information;

(5)  contract as the commission considers necessary for services, facilities, studies, and reports required for:

(A)  cooperation with municipal, county, special district, state, and federal law enforcement agencies in training programs; and

(B)  performance of the commission's other functions; and

(6)  conduct research and stimulate research by public and private agencies to improve law enforcement and police administration.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.152.  Rules Relating To Hiring Date Of Peace Officer.

The commission may not adopt or enforce a rule that sets the date of appointment of a peace officer at a later date than the date that appears on employment records of the hiring law enforcement agency.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section 1701.1521.  Use Of Technology.

The commission shall implement a policy requiring the commission to use appropriate technological solutions to improve the commission's ability to perform its functions.  The policy must ensure that the public is able to interact with the commission on the Internet.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 7, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1701.1522.  Alternative Dispute Resolution.

(a) The commission shall develop and implement a policy to encourage the use of:

(1)  negotiated rulemaking procedures under Chapter 2008, Government Code, for the adoption of commission rules; and

(2)  appropriate alternative dispute resolution procedures under Chapter 2009, Government Code, to assist in the resolution of internal and external disputes under the commission's jurisdiction.

(b)  The commission's procedures relating to alternative dispute resolution must conform, to the extent possible, to any model guidelines issued by the State Office of Administrative Hearings for the use of alternative dispute resolution by state agencies.

(c)  The commission shall designate a trained person to:

(1)  coordinate the implementation of the policy adopted under Subsection (a);

(2)  serve as a resource for any training needed to implement the procedures for negotiated rulemaking or alternative dispute resolution; and

(3)  collect data concerning the effectiveness of those procedures, as implemented by the commission.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 7, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1701.1523.  Electronic Submission Of Forms, Data, And Documents.

The commission by rule shall:

(1)  develop and establish a system for the electronic submission of forms, data, and documents required to be submitted to the commission under this chapter; and

(2)  once that system is established, require law enforcement agencies to submit to the commission electronically any form, data, or document required to be submitted to the commission under this chapter.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 7, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1701.1524.  Rules Relating To Consequences Of Criminal Conviction Or Deferred Adjudication.

(a) The commission by rule shall establish guidelines consistent with this chapter that are necessary to comply with Chapter 53 to the extent that chapter applies to persons licensed under this chapter.

(b)  In its rules under this section, the commission shall list the offenses for which a conviction would constitute grounds for the commission to take action under Section 53.021 or for which placement on deferred adjudication community supervision would constitute grounds for the commission to take action under this chapter.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 7, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1701.153.  Reports From Agencies And Schools.

(a) The commission shall establish reporting standards and procedures for:

(1)  appointment and termination of officers and county jailers by law enforcement agencies;

(2)  the activities of licensed training schools; and

(3)  other matters the commission considers necessary for the administration of this chapter.

(b)  The commission shall furnish each agency and licensed training school with the required reporting forms, including access to electronic submission forms when the system under Section 1701.1523 is established.

(c)  The chief administrative officer of a law enforcement agency or licensed training school is responsible for compliance with the reporting standards and procedures prescribed by the commission.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 5, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1701.154.  Fees. The

commission may establish reasonable and necessary fees for the administration of this chapter, including reasonable and necessary fees for the administration of Section 1701.257.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.155.  Gifts And Grants.

The commission may accept grants or gifts from private individuals, foundations, or the federal government.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.156.  Law Enforcement Officer Standards And Education Fund.

(a) The law enforcement officer standards and education fund account is in the general revenue fund.

(b)  The commission shall use the account in administering this chapter and performing other commission duties established by law.

(c)  Repealed by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 35(2), eff. September 1, 2009.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1158, Sec. 87, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 35(2), eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1701.157.  Money Allocated And Used For Continuing Education.

(a) Not later than March 1 of each calendar year, the comptroller shall allocate money deposited during the preceding calendar year in the general revenue fund to the credit of the law enforcement officer standards and education fund account for expenses related to the continuing education of persons licensed under this chapter as follows:

(1)  20 percent of the money is allocated to all local law enforcement agencies in this state in equal shares; and

(2)  80 percent of the money is allocated to all local law enforcement agencies in this state in a share representing a fixed amount for each position in the agency, as of January 1 of the preceding calendar year, that is reserved to a person who:

(A)  is licensed under this chapter;

(B)  works as a peace officer on the average of at least 32 hours a week; and

(C)  is compensated by a political subdivision of this state at least at the minimum wage and is entitled to all employee benefits offered to a peace officer by the political subdivision.

(b)  To provide the necessary information for an allocation of money under Subsection (a), a local law enforcement agency must report to the comptroller not later than November 1 of the preceding calendar year:

(1)  the number of agency positions described by Subsection (a)(2) authorized as of January 1 of the year the report is due;

(2)  the number of agency positions described by Subsection (a)(2) filled as of January 1 of the year the report is due;

(3)  the percentage of the money received by the agency under Subsection (a) pursuant to the allocation made by the comptroller on or before March 1 of the year preceding the year in which the report is due that was used by the agency before the date of the allocation made by the comptroller under Subsection (a) on or before March 1 of the year the report is due;

(4)  the number of training hours received during the 12-month or approximately 12-month period described by Subdivision (3) that were funded by money received by the agency pursuant to the allocation made by the comptroller on or before March 1 of the year preceding the year in which the report is due; and

(5)  that the agency has complied with the requirements of this section regarding the use of any money received by the agency pursuant to the allocation made by the comptroller on or before March 1 of the year preceding the year in which the report is due.

(c)  The head of a law enforcement agency shall maintain a complete and detailed record of money received and spent by the agency under this section.  Money received under this section is subject to audit by the comptroller.  Money spent under this section is subject to audit by the state auditor.

(d)  A local law enforcement agency shall use money received under Subsection (a) only as necessary to ensure the continuing education of persons licensed under this chapter or to provide necessary training, as determined by the agency head, to full-time fully paid law enforcement support personnel in the agency.

(e)  A local law enforcement agency may not use money received under Subsection (a) to replace funds that are provided to the agency by the county or municipality having jurisdiction over the agency on a recurring basis for training law enforcement officers and support personnel.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 6, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1701.158.  Annual Report.

(a) The commission shall prepare annually a complete and detailed written report accounting for all funds received and disbursed by the commission during the preceding fiscal year.

(b)  The report must meet the reporting requirements applicable to financial reporting provided by the General Appropriations Act.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section 1701.159.  Active And Inactive Peace Officers.

(a) The commission shall establish a list of active licensed peace officers and a list of inactive licensed peace officers who leave the employment of a law enforcement agency.

(b)  A retired peace officer as defined by Section 1701.3161 continues to hold as an inactive license the license the retired officer held at the time the retired officer last served as an elected, appointed, or employed peace officer unless the license was revoked for cause under Section 1701.501.

(c)  A retired peace officer who holds an inactive license may not serve as a peace officer unless the person reactivates the license as provided by Section 1701.316 or 1701.3161.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 878, Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.



Section  1701.160.  Authority To Commission Investigators As Peace Officers.

The commission may commission certified peace officers as investigators employed by the commission for the limited purpose of assisting the commission in administering this chapter.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.501(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  1701.161.  Provision Of State Flag To Next Of Kin Of Deceased Peace Officer.

(a) If the next of kin of a deceased peace officer requests a state flag, the commission shall:

(1)  provide a state flag, at no cost to the next of kin, if the peace officer was:

(A)  a current peace officer at the time of the officer's death; or

(B)  an honorably retired peace officer who voluntarily terminated employment with a law enforcement agency of this state or a political subdivision of this state; and

(2)  notify the office of the governor of the death of the peace officer.

(b)  The commission may apply for and accept gifts and grants from public and private entities on behalf of the Texas peace officer flag account.

(c)  The commission shall deposit any gift or grant accepted by the commission under Subsection (b) to the credit of the Texas peace officer flag account. The Texas peace officer flag account is a special account in the general revenue fund. Money in the account may be appropriated only to the commission for the purpose of implementing this section. Interest earned on money in the Texas peace officer flag account shall be credited to the account.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 476, Sec. 5, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 744, Sec. 4, eff. September 1, 2005.



Section 1701.162.  Records And Audit Requirements. (a) The

commission is entitled to access records maintained under Sections 1701.303, 1701.306, and 1701.310 by an agency hiring a person to be an officer or county jailer, including records that relate to age, education, physical standards, citizenship, experience, and other matters relating to competence and reliability, as evidence of qualification for licensing of an officer or county jailer.

(b)  The commission shall audit the records described by Subsection (a) of each law enforcement agency at least once every five years.

(c)  The commission by rule shall develop and establish a framework for the audits conducted by the commission under Subsection (b) that:

(1)  addresses the types of documents subject to audit;

(2)  provides a schedule for additional risk-based inspections based on:

(A)  whether there has been a prior violation by the law enforcement agency;

(B)  the inspection history of the agency; and

(C)  any other factor the commission by rule considers appropriate;

(3)  provides timelines for complying with an audit request or correcting a violation found during the audit process; and

(4)  establishes sanctions for failing to comply with an audit request or to correct a violation found during the audit process.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 7, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1701.163.  Information Provided By Commissioning Entities.

(a) This section applies only to an entity authorized by statute or by the constitution to create a law enforcement agency or police department and commission, appoint, or employ officers that first creates a law enforcement agency or police department and first begins to commission, appoint, or employ officers on or after September 1, 2009.

(b)  The entity shall submit to the commission on creation of the law enforcement agency or police department information regarding:

(1)  the need for the law enforcement agency or police department in the community;

(2)  the funding sources for the law enforcement agency or police department;

(3)  the physical resources available to officers;

(4)  the physical facilities that the law enforcement agency or police department will operate, including descriptions of the evidence room, dispatch area, and public area;

(5)  law enforcement policies of the law enforcement agency or police department, including policies on:

(A)  use of force;

(B)  vehicle pursuit;

(C)  professional conduct of officers;

(D)  domestic abuse protocols;

(E)  response to missing persons;

(F)  supervision of part-time officers; and

(G)  impartial policing;

(6)  the administrative structure of the law enforcement agency or police department;

(7)  liability insurance; and

(8)  any other information the commission requires by rule.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 7, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1701.164.  Collection Of Certain Incident-based Data Submitted By Law Enforcement Agencies. Th

e commission shall collect and maintain incident-based data submitted to the commission under Article 2.134, Code of Criminal Procedure, including incident-based data compiled by a law enforcement agency from reports received by the law enforcement agency under Article 2.133 of that code.  The commission in consultation with the Department of Public Safety, the Bill Blackwood Law Enforcement Management Institute of Texas, the W. W. Caruth, Jr., Police Institute at Dallas, and the Texas Police Chiefs Association shall develop guidelines for submitting in a standard format the report containing incident-based data as required by Article 2.134, Code of Criminal Procedure.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 8, eff. September 1, 2009.



Subchapter E. Public Interest Information And Complaint Procedures

Section  1701.201.  Public Interest Information.

(a) The commission shall prepare information of public interest describing the regulatory functions of the commission and the procedures by which public complaints are filed with and resolved by the commission.

(b)  The commission shall make the information available to the public and appropriate state agencies.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section 1701.202.  Complaints.

(a) The commission by rule shall establish a comprehensive procedure for each phase of the commission's jurisdictional complaint enforcement process, including:

(1)  complaint intake;

(2)  investigation;

(3)  adjudication and relevant hearings;

(4)  appeals;

(5)  the imposition of sanctions; and

(6)  public disclosure.

(b)  On request, a license holder may obtain information regarding a complaint made against the license holder under this chapter, including a complete copy of the complaint file.  On receipt of a request under this subsection, the commission shall provide the requested information in a timely manner to allow the license  holder time to respond to the complaint.

(c)  The commission shall ensure that detailed information regarding the commission's complaint enforcement process described by this section is available on any publicly accessible Internet website and in any appropriate printed materials maintained by the commission.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 9, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1701.203.  Records Of Complaints.

(a) The commission shall maintain a system to promptly and efficiently act on jurisdictional complaints filed with the commission. The commission shall maintain information about parties to the complaint,  the subject matter of the complaint,  a summary of the results of the review or investigation of the complaint, and its disposition.

(b)  The commission shall make information available describing its procedures for complaint investigation and resolution.

(c)  The commission shall periodically notify the parties to the complaint of the status of the complaint until final disposition.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 10, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1701.2035.  Tracking And Analysis Of Complaint And Violation Data.

(a) The commission shall develop and implement a method for:

(1)  tracking complaints filed with the commission through their final disposition, including:

(A)  the reason for each complaint;

(B)  how each complaint was resolved; and

(C)  the subject matter of each complaint that was not within the jurisdiction of the commission and how the commission responded to the complaint; and

(2)  tracking and categorizing the sources and types of complaints filed with the commission and of violations of this chapter or a rule adopted under this chapter.

(b)  The commission shall analyze the complaint and violation data maintained under Subsection (a) to identify trends and areas that may require additional regulation or enforcement.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 11, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1701.204.  Public Participation.

(a) The commission shall develop and implement policies that provide the public with a reasonable opportunity to appear before the commission and to speak on any issue under the commission's jurisdiction.

(b)  The commission shall prepare and maintain a written plan that describes how a person who does not speak English may be provided reasonable access to the commission's programs and services.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Subchapter F. Training Programs And Schools

Section  1701.251.  Training Programs; Instructors.

(a) The commission shall establish and maintain training programs for officers and county jailers. The training shall be conducted by the commission staff or by other agencies and institutions the commission considers appropriate.

(b)  The commission may authorize reimbursement for a political subdivision or state agency as authorized by the legislature for expenses incurred in attending a training program.

(c)  The commission may:

(1)  issue or revoke the license of a school operated by or for this state or a political subdivision of this state specifically for training officers, county jailers, or recruits;

(2)  operate schools and conduct preparatory, in-service, basic, and advanced courses in the schools, as the commission determines appropriate, for officers, county jailers, and recruits;

(3)  issue a license to a person to act as a qualified instructor under conditions that the commission prescribes; and

(4)  consult and cooperate with a municipality, county, special district, state agency or other governmental agency, or a university, college, junior college, or other institution, concerning the development of schools and training programs for officers and county jailers.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.252.  Program And School Requirements; Advisory Board.

(a) Unless a school has created an advisory board for developing a curriculum, the commission may not issue a license to the school or approve a training program or course for officers or county jailers other than a program created by the Bill Blackwood Law Enforcement Management Institute of Texas.

(b)  At least one-third of the members of an advisory board under Subsection (a) must be public members who meet the qualifications required of a public member of the commission.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.253.  School Curriculum.

(a) The commission shall establish minimum curriculum requirements for preparatory and advanced courses and programs for schools subject to approval under Section 1701.251(c)(1).

(b)  In establishing requirements under this section, the commission shall require courses and programs to provide training in:

(1)  the investigation and documentation of cases that involve:

(A)  child abuse or neglect;

(B)  family violence; and

(C)  sexual assault;

(2)  issues concerning sex offender characteristics; and

(3)  crime victims' rights under Chapter 56, Code of Criminal Procedure, and Chapter 57, Family Code, and the duty of law enforcement agencies to ensure that a victim is afforded those rights.

(c)  As part of the minimum curriculum requirements, the commission shall establish a statewide comprehensive education and training program on civil rights, racial sensitivity, and cultural diversity for persons licensed under this chapter.

(d)  Training in documentation of cases required by Subsection (b) shall include instruction in:

(1)  making a written account of the extent of injuries sustained by the victim of an alleged offense;

(2)  recording by photograph or videotape the area in which an alleged offense occurred and the victim's injuries; and

(3)  recognizing and recording a victim's statement that may be admissible as evidence in a proceeding concerning the matter about which the statement was made.

(e)  As part of the minimum curriculum requirements relating to the vehicle and traffic laws of this state, the commission shall require an education and training program on laws relating to the operation of motorcycles and to the wearing of protective headgear by motorcycle operators and passengers. In addition, the commission shall require education and training on motorcycle operator profiling awareness and sensitivity training.

(f)  Training for officers and recruits in investigation of cases required by Subsection (b)(1)(B) shall include instruction in preventing dual arrest whenever possible and conducting a thorough investigation to determine which person is the predominant aggressor when allegations of family violence from two or more opposing persons are received arising from the same incident.

(g)  As part of the minimum curriculum requirements, the commission shall establish a statewide comprehensive education and training program on asset forfeiture under Chapter 59, Code of Criminal Procedure, for officers licensed under this chapter. An officer shall complete a program established under this subsection not later than the second anniversary of the date the officer is licensed under this chapter or the date the officer applies for an intermediate proficiency certificate, whichever date is earlier.

(h)  As part of the minimum curriculum requirements, the commission shall establish a statewide comprehensive education and training program on racial profiling for officers licensed under this chapter. An officer shall complete a program established under this subsection not later than the second anniversary of the date the officer is licensed under this chapter or the date the officer applies for an intermediate proficiency certificate, whichever date is earlier.

(i)  As part of the minimum curriculum requirements, the commission shall establish a statewide comprehensive education and training program on identity theft under Section 32.51, Penal Code, for officers licensed under this chapter. An officer shall complete a program established under this subsection not later than the second anniversary of the date the officer is licensed under this chapter or the date the officer applies for an intermediate proficiency certificate, whichever date is earlier.

(j)  As part of the minimum curriculum requirements, the commission shall require an officer to complete a statewide education and training program on de-escalation and crisis intervention techniques to facilitate interaction with persons with mental impairments.  An officer shall complete the program not later than the second anniversary of the date the officer is licensed under this chapter or the date the officer applies for an intermediate proficiency certificate, whichever date is earlier.  An officer may not satisfy the requirements of this section or Section 1701.402(g) by taking an online course on de-escalation and crisis intervention techniques to facilitate interaction with persons with mental impairments.

(k)  As part of the minimum curriculum requirements, the commission shall establish a statewide comprehensive education and training program for officers licensed under this chapter that covers the laws of this state and of the United States pertaining to peace officers.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 657, Sec. 4, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 897, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 929, Sec. 5, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 947, Sec. 4, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1034, Sec. 14, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1276, Sec. 14.007, eff. Sept. 1, 2003; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1326, Sec. 8, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 393, Sec. 3, eff. September 1, 2005.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 12, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1701.254.  Risk Assessment And Inspections.

(a) The commission may visit and inspect a school conducting a training course for officers, county jailers, or recruits and make necessary evaluations to determine if the school complies with this chapter and commission rules.

(b)  The commission shall develop a risk assessment method to determine the relative performance of schools conducting training courses for officers, county jailers, or recruits. The commission shall base its schedule for inspection of schools on the results of the risk assessment.

(c)  The risk assessment method must:

(1)  consider the scores of students enrolled in a school on the basic peace officer examination;

(2)  consider the past inspection records of a school;

(3)  consider a self-assessment performed by a school in a noninspection year; and

(4)  include a random element to ensure periodic inspection of each school.

(d)  The commission by rule shall establish a system for placing a training provider on at-risk probationary status.  The rules must prescribe:

(1)  the criteria to be used by the commission in determining whether to place a training provider on at-risk probationary status;

(2)  a procedure and timeline for imposing corrective conditions on a training provider placed on at-risk probationary status and for notifying the provider regarding those conditions; and

(3)  a procedure for tracking a training provider's progress toward compliance with any corrective conditions imposed on the provider by the commission under this subsection.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 13, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1701.255.  Enrollment Qualifications.

(a) The commission by rule shall establish minimum qualifications for a person to enroll in a training program under Section 1701.251(a) that provides instruction in defensive tactics, arrest procedures, firearms, or use of a motor vehicle for law enforcement purposes.

(b)  A person who is disqualified by law to be an officer or county jailer may not enroll in a training program described by Subsection (a).

(c)  A person may not enroll in a peace officer training program under Section 1701.251(a) unless the person has received:

(1)  a high school diploma;

(2)  a high school equivalency certificate; or

(3)  an honorable discharge from the armed forces of the United States after at least 24 months of active duty service.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1441, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 14, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1701.256.  Instruction In Weapons Proficiency Required.

A peace officer training program under Section 1701.251(a) must provide instruction in weapons proficiency.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.257.  Firearms Training Program For Supervision Officers.

(a) The commission and the Texas Department of Criminal Justice by rule shall adopt a memorandum of understanding that establishes each agency's respective responsibilities in developing a basic training program in the use of firearms by community supervision and corrections department officers and parole officers. The program established under the memorandum of understanding must provide instruction in:

(1)  legal limitations on the use of firearms and on the powers and authority of the officers;

(2)  range firing and procedure;

(3)  firearms safety and maintenance; and

(4)  other topics determined by each agency to be necessary for the responsible use of firearms by the officers.

(b)  The commission shall administer the training program and shall issue a certificate of firearms proficiency to each community supervision and corrections department officer or parole officer the commission determines has successfully completed the program.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Text of section as added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 794, Sec. 5

For text of section as added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1002, Sec. 5, see other Sec. 1701.258.

Section 1701.258.  Firearms Training Program For Juvenile Probation Officers.

(a) The commission and the Texas Juvenile Probation Commission by rule shall adopt a memorandum of understanding that establishes a training program in the use of firearms by juvenile probation officers.  The memorandum of understanding must establish a program that provides instruction in:

(1)  legal limitations on the use of firearms and on the powers and authority of juvenile probation officers;

(2)  range firing and procedure, and firearms safety and maintenance; and

(3)  other topics determined by the commission and the Texas Juvenile Probation Commission to be necessary for the responsible use of firearms by juvenile probation officers.

(b)  The commission shall administer the training program and shall issue a certificate of firearms proficiency to each juvenile probation officer the commission determines has successfully completed the program described by Subsection (a).

(c)  The commission may establish reasonable and necessary fees for the administration of this section.

(d)  This section does not affect the sovereign immunity of the state, an agency of the state, or a political subdivision of the state.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 794, Sec. 5, eff. June 19, 2009.



Text of section as added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1002, Sec. 5

For text of section as added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 794, Sec. 5, see other Sec. 1701.258.

Section 1701.258.  Education And Training Programs On Trafficking Of Persons.

(a) The commission by rule shall require an officer first licensed by the commission on or after January 1, 2011, to complete within a reasonable time after obtaining the license a one-time basic education and training program on the trafficking of persons.  The program must:

(1)  consist of at least four hours of training; and

(2)  include a review of the substance of Sections 20A.02 and 43.05, Penal Code.

(b)  The commission shall make available to each officer a voluntary advanced education, instruction, and training program on the trafficking of persons and compelling prostitution prohibited under Sections 20A.02 and 43.05, Penal Code.

(c) Expired.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1002, Sec. 5, eff. September 1, 2009.



Subchapter G. License Requirements; Disqualifications And Exemptions

Section  1701.301.  License Required.

Except as provided by Sections 1701.310 and 1701.311, a person may not appoint a person to serve as an officer, county jailer, or public security officer unless the person appointed holds an appropriate license issued by the commission.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.302.  Certain Elected Law Enforcement Officers; License Required.

(a) An officer, including a sheriff, elected under the Texas Constitution or a statute or appointed to fill a vacancy in an elective office must obtain a license from the commission not later than the second anniversary of the date the officer takes office.

(b)  The commission shall establish requirements for issuing the license and for revocation, suspension, or denial of the license.

(c)  An officer to whom this section applies who does not obtain the license by the required date or does not remain licensed is incompetent and is subject to removal from office under Section 665.052, Government Code, or another removal statute.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.303.  License Application; Duties Of Appointing Entity.

(a) A law enforcement agency or governmental entity that hires a person for whom a license is sought must file an application with the commission as provided by commission rule.

(b)  A person who appoints an officer or county jailer licensed by the commission shall notify the commission not later than the 30th day after the date of the appointment. If the person appoints an individual who previously served as an officer or county jailer and the appointment occurs after the 180th day after the last date of service as an officer or county jailer, the person must have on file for the officer or county jailer in a form readily accessible to the commission:

(1)  new criminal history record information;

(2)  a new declaration of psychological and emotional health and lack of drug dependency or illegal drug use; and

(3)  two completed fingerprint cards.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.304.  Examination.

(a) The commission shall conduct an examination for each type of license issued by the commission at least four times each year at times and places designated by the commission. The commission shall:

(1)  prescribe the content of an examination for each type of license;

(2)  include in each examination a written examination that tests the applicant's knowledge of the appropriate occupation; and

(3)  prescribe standards for acceptable performance on each examination.

(b)  The commission by rule shall establish minimum qualifications for a person to be examined under this section. A person who is disqualified by law to be an officer or county jailer may not take an examination under this section.

(c)  A law enforcement agency may request the commission to conduct examinations required by this chapter in the jurisdiction served by the agency. The commission may conduct the examinations in the jurisdiction if:

(1)  the commission determines that doing so will not place a significant hardship on the commission's resources; and

(2)  the requesting law enforcement agency reimburses the commission for additional costs incurred in conducting the examination in the agency's jurisdiction.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.305.  Examination Results.

(a) The commission shall notify each examinee of the examination results not later than the 30th day after the date the examination is administered. If an examination is graded or reviewed by a national testing service, the commission shall notify each examinee of the examination results not later than the 14th day after the date the commission receives the results from the testing service.

(b)  If notice of the results of an examination graded or reviewed by a national testing service will be delayed for longer than 90 days after the examination date, the commission shall notify each examinee of the reason for the delay before the 90th day.

(c)  If requested in writing by a person who fails an examination, the commission shall provide to the person an analysis of the person's performance on the examination.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.306.  Psychological And Physical Examination.

(a) The commission may not issue a license to a person as an officer or county jailer unless the person is examined by:

(1)  a licensed psychologist or by a psychiatrist who declares in writing that the person is in satisfactory psychological and emotional health to serve as the type of officer for which a license is sought; and

(2)  a licensed physician who declares in writing that the person does not show any trace of drug dependency or illegal drug use after a physical examination, blood test, or other medical test.

(b)  An agency hiring a person for whom a license as an officer or county jailer is sought shall select the examining physician and the examining psychologist or psychiatrist. The agency shall prepare a report of each declaration required by Subsection (a) and shall maintain a copy of the report on file in a format readily accessible to the commission. A declaration is not public information.

(c)  The commission shall adopt rules that:

(1)  relate to appropriate standards and measures to be used by a law enforcement agency in reporting the declarations made under Subsection (a); and

(2)  provide for exceptional circumstances in the administration of the examination of the applicant's psychological and emotional health, including permitting the examination to be made by a qualified licensed physician instead of a psychologist or psychiatrist.

(d)  The commission may order an applicant to submit to an examination described by Subsection (a) by a psychologist, psychiatrist, or physician appointed by the commission if the commission:

(1)  has cause to believe that a law enforcement agency failed to follow commission rules relating to an examination; or

(2)  discovers that the applicant has submitted a false declaration.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.307.  Issuance Of License.

(a) The commission shall issue an appropriate license to a person who, as required by this chapter:

(1)  submits an application;

(2)  completes the required training;

(3)  passes the required examination;

(4)  is declared to be in satisfactory psychological and emotional health and free from drug dependency or illegal drug use; and

(5)  demonstrates weapons proficiency.

(b)  The commission may issue a permanent license to a person who meets the requirements of this chapter and the rules prescribed by the commission to serve as an officer.

(c)  The commission may issue a temporary or permanent license to a person to serve as a county jailer.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 878, Sec. 2, eff. June 15, 2007.



Section 1701.3075.  Qualified Applicant Awaiting Appointment.

(a) A person who meets the requirements set forth in Section 1701.307(a) has the same reporting responsibilities toward the commission under rules adopted by the commission as a license holder who has already been appointed as a peace officer.

(b)  The commission may determine that a person who meets the requirements under Section 1701.307(a) is ineligible for appointment as a peace officer based on events that occur after the person meets the requirements in Section 1701.307(a) but before the person is appointed.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 701, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1701.308.  Weapons Proficiency.

The commission shall require a person applying for a peace officer license to demonstrate weapons proficiency.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.309.  Age Requirement.

The commission by rule shall set 21 years of age as the minimum age for obtaining a license as an officer. The rules must provide that a person at least 18 years of age may be issued a license as an officer if the person has:

(1)  completed and received credit for at least 60 hours of study at an accredited college or university or received an associate degree from an accredited college or university; or

(2)  received an honorable discharge from the United States armed forces after at least two years of service.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.310.  Appointment Of County Jailer; Training Required.

(a) Except as provided by Subsection (e), a person may not be appointed as a county jailer, except on a temporary basis, unless the person has satisfactorily completed a preparatory training program, as required by the commission, in the operation of a county jail at a school operated or licensed by the commission.

(b)  A county jailer appointed on a temporary basis who does not satisfactorily complete the preparatory training program before the first anniversary of the date that the person is appointed shall be removed from the position. A temporary appointment may not be renewed, except that not earlier than the first anniversary of the date that a person is removed under this subsection, the sheriff may petition the commission for reinstatement of the person to a temporary appointment.

(c)  A county jailer serving under permanent appointment before September 1, 1979, regardless of whether the person's employment was terminated before that date because of failure to satisfy standards adopted under Chapter 511, Government Code, is not required to meet a requirement of this section as a condition of continued employment or promotion unless:

(1)  in an attempt to meet the standards the person took an examination and failed or was not allowed to finish the examination because the person acted dishonestly in regard to the examination;

(2)  the person forged a document purporting to show that the person meets the standards; or

(3)  the person seeks a new appointment as a county jailer on or after September 1, 1984.

(d)  A county jailer serving under permanent appointment before September 1, 1979, is eligible to attend training courses in the operation of a county jail, subject to commission rules.

(e)  A person trained and certified by the Texas Department of Criminal Justice to serve as a corrections officer in that agency's correctional institutions division is not required to complete the training requirements of this section to be appointed a part-time county jailer.  Examinations under Section 1701.304 and psychological and physical examinations under Section 1701.306 apply.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.502(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 87, Sec. 25.142, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1701.311.  Provisional License For Workforce Shortage.

(a) The commission shall adopt rules to allow a law enforcement agency to petition for issuance of a provisional license for an officer if the agency proves that it has a workforce shortage.

(b)  Except in an emergency, a peace officer holding a provisional license may not be required to work at the peace officer's employing agency and attend a commission-approved basic preparatory school for more than a total of 40 hours a week.

(c)  An agency employing a peace officer who holds a provisional license may contract with the peace officer for reimbursement of the cost of a basic preparatory training course if the peace officer voluntarily resigns from the agency before a date specified in the contract that is not later than the first anniversary of the date the officer is appointed. The contract must state the cost of the course.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.312.  Disqualification: Felony Conviction Or Placement On Community Supervision.

(a) A person who has been convicted of a felony is disqualified to be an officer, public security officer, or county jailer, and the commission may not issue a license to, and a law enforcement agency may not appoint or employ, the person.

(b)  For purposes of this section and Section 1701.502, a person is convicted of a felony if a court enters an adjudication of guilt against the person on a felony offense under the laws of this or another state or the United States, regardless of whether:

(1)  the sentence is subsequently probated and the person is discharged from community supervision;

(2)  the accusation, complaint, information, or indictment against the person is dismissed and the person is released from all penalties and disabilities resulting from the offense; or

(3)  the person is pardoned for the offense, unless the pardon is granted expressly for subsequent proof of innocence.

(c)  The commission, on receipt of a certified copy of a court's judgment under Article 42.011, Code of Criminal Procedure, shall note on the person's licensing records the conviction or community supervision indicated by the judgment.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.313.  Disqualification: Conviction Of Barratry.

(a) A person who has been convicted of barratry under Section 38.12, Penal Code, is disqualified to be an officer or county jailer, and the commission may not issue a license to the person.

(b)  For purposes of this section and Section 1701.503, a person is convicted of barratry if a court enters an adjudication of guilt against the person regardless of whether:

(1)  the sentence is subsequently probated and the person is discharged from community supervision;

(2)  the accusation, complaint, information, or indictment against the person is dismissed following community supervision; or

(3)  the person is pardoned for the offense, unless the pardon is granted expressly for subsequent proof of innocence.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.314.  Exemption: Officer Appointed Before September 1, 1970.

A peace officer serving under a permanent appointment before September 1, 1970, is not required to obtain a license as a condition of tenure, continued employment, or promotion unless the officer seeks a new appointment. The officer is eligible to attend peace officer training courses subject to commission rules.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.316.  Reactivation Of Peace Officer License.

(a) The commission shall adopt rules establishing requirements for reactivation of a peace officer's license after a break in employment.

(b)  The commission may consider employment as a peace officer in another state in determining whether the person is required to obtain additional training or testing.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section 1701.3161.  Reactivation Of Peace Officer License: Retired Peace Officers.

(a) In this section, "retired peace officer" means a person who served as a peace officer in this state who:

(1)  is not currently serving as an elected, appointed, or employed peace officer under Article 2.12, Code of Criminal Procedure, or other law;

(2)  was eligible to retire from a law enforcement agency in this state or was ineligible to retire only as a result of an injury received in the course of the officer's employment with the law enforcement agency; and

(3)  is eligible to receive a pension or annuity for service as a law enforcement officer in this state or is ineligible to receive a pension or annuity only because the law enforcement agency that employed the officer does not offer a pension or annuity to its employees.

(b)  The commission shall adopt rules for the reactivation of a retired peace officer's license after a break in employment. The rules must allow a retired peace officer to reactivate the officer's license by completing the continuing education requirements prescribed by Section 1701.351 and completing any other continuing education requirement imposed by law in lieu of successfully completing any examination required by the commission for reactivation.

(c)  The commission may waive the reinstatement fee established for the reactivation of a peace officer's license for a retired peace officer who is eligible for reactivation as provided by Subsection (b).

Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 878, Sec. 3, eff. June 15, 2007.



Section 1701.317.  Limitation On Information Required For License Renewal.

The requirements and procedures adopted by the commission for the renewal of a license issued under this chapter:

(1)  may not require an applicant to provide unchanged criminal history information already included in one or more of the applicant's previous applications for licensure or for license renewal filed with the commission; and

(2)  may require the applicant to provide only information relevant to the period occurring since the date of the applicant's last application for licensure or for license renewal, as applicable, including information relevant to any new requirement applicable to the license held by the applicant.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 332, Sec. 2, eff. September 1, 2009.



Subchapter H. Continuing Education And Yearly Weapons Proficiency

Section  1701.351.  Continuing Education Required For Peace Officers.

(a) Each peace officer shall complete at least 40 hours of continuing education programs once every 24 months. The commission may suspend the license of a peace officer who fails to comply with this requirement.

(a-1)  As part of the continuing education programs under Subsection (a), a peace officer must complete a training and education program that covers recent changes to the laws of this state and of the United States pertaining to peace officers.

(b)  The commission by rule shall provide for waiver of the requirements of this section when mitigating circumstances exist.

(c)  The commission shall credit a peace officer with meeting the continuing education requirements of this section if during the relevant 24-month period the peace officer serves on active duty as a member of the United States military for at least 12 months or serves as an elected member of the legislature.  Credit for continuing education under this subsection does not affect any requirement to demonstrate continuing weapons proficiency under Section 1701.355.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1157, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1236, Sec. 1, eff. June 18, 2005.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 15, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1701.352.  Continuing Education Programs.

(a) The commission shall recognize, prepare, or administer continuing education programs for officers and county jailers.

(b)  The commission shall require a state, county, special district, or municipal agency that appoints or employs peace officers to provide each peace officer with a training program at least once every 48 months that is approved by the commission and consists of:

(1)  topics selected by the agency; and

(2)  for an officer holding only a basic proficiency certificate, not more than 20 hours of education and training that contain curricula incorporating the learning objectives developed by the commission regarding:

(A)  civil rights, racial sensitivity, and cultural diversity;

(B)  de-escalation and crisis intervention techniques to facilitate interaction with persons with mental impairments; and

(C)  unless determined by the agency head to be inconsistent with the officer's assigned duties:

(i)  the recognition and documentation of cases that involve child abuse or neglect, family violence, and sexual assault; and

(ii)  issues concerning sex offender characteristics.

(c)  A course provided under Subsection (b) may use instructional materials developed by the agency or its trainers or by entities having training agreements with the commission in addition to materials included in curricula developed by the commission.

(d)  A peace officer appointed to the officer's first supervisory position must receive in-service training on supervision as part of the course provided for the officer under Subsection (b) during the 24-month period after the date of that appointment.

(e)  The commission may require a state, county, special district, or municipal agency that appoints or employs a reserve law enforcement officer, county jailer, or public security officer to provide each of those persons with education and training in civil rights, racial sensitivity, and cultural diversity at least once every 48 months.

(f)  Training in documentation of cases required by Subsection (b) shall include instruction in:

(1)  making a written account of the extent of injuries sustained by the victim of an alleged offense;

(2)  recording by photograph or videotape the area in which an alleged offense occurred and the victim's injuries; and

(3)  recognizing and recording a victim's statement that may be admissible as evidence in a proceeding concerning the matter about which the statement was made.

(g)  The training and education program on de-escalation and crisis intervention techniques to facilitate interaction with persons with mental impairments under Subsection (b)(2)(B) may not be provided as an online course.  The commission shall:

(1)  determine best practices for interacting with persons with mental impairments, in consultation with the Bill Blackwood Law Enforcement Management Institute of Texas; and

(2)  review the education and training program under Subsection (b)(2)(B) at least once every 24 months.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1157, Sec. 2, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 16, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1701.353.  Continuing Education Procedures.

(a) The commission by rule shall adopt procedures to:

(1)  ensure the timely and accurate reporting by agencies and peace officers of information related to training programs offered under this subchapter, including procedures for creating training records for individual peace officers; and

(2)  provide adequate notice to agencies and peace officers of impending noncompliance with the training requirements of this subchapter so that the agencies and peace officers may comply within the 24-month period.

(b)  The commission shall require agencies to report to the commission in a timely manner the reasons that a peace officer is in noncompliance after the agency receives notice by the commission of the peace officer's noncompliance.  The commission shall, following receipt of an agency's report or on a determination that the agency has failed to report in a timely manner, notify the peace officer by certified mail of the reasons the peace officer is in noncompliance and that the commission at the request of the peace officer will hold a hearing as provided by this subsection if the peace officer fails to obtain the required training within 60 days after the date the peace officer receives notice under this subsection.  The commission shall conduct a hearing consistent with Section 1701.504 if the peace officer claims that:

(1)  mitigating circumstances exist; or

(2)  the peace officer failed to complete the required training because the peace officer's employing agency did not provide an adequate opportunity for the peace officer to attend the required training course.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1236, Sec. 2, eff. June 18, 2005.



Section 1701.354.  Continuing Education For Deputy Constables.

(a) If the commission requires a state, county, special district, or municipal agency that employs a deputy constable to provide the deputy constable with a training program under Section 1701.352, the commission shall require the deputy constable to attend at least 20 hours of instruction in civil process.

(b)  The commission shall adopt rules and procedures concerning a civil process course, including rules providing for:

(1)  approval of course content and standards; and

(2)  issuance of course credit.

(c)  The commission may waive the instruction requirements for a deputy constable under this section:

(1)  if a constable requests a waiver for the deputy constable based on a representation that the deputy constable's duty assignment does not involve civil process responsibilities; or

(2)  if the deputy constable requests a waiver because of hardship and the commission determines that a hardship exists.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 735, Sec. 1, eff. June 17, 2005.

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 954, Sec. 3, eff. June 18, 2005.

Reenacted by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 921, Sec. 12.001, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section 1701.3545.  Initial Training And Continuing Education For Constables.

(a) A public institution of higher education selected by the commission shall establish and offer a program of initial training and a program of continuing education for constables.  The curriculum for each program must relate to law enforcement management and civil process issues.  The institution selected under this subsection shall develop the curriculum for the programs.  The curriculum must be approved by the commission.

(b)  Each constable must complete at least 40 hours of continuing education provided by the selected institution under this section each 48-month period.  The commission by rule shall establish a uniform 48-month continuing education training period.

(c)  An individual appointed or elected to that individual's first position as constable must complete at least 40 hours of initial training for new constables in accordance with Subsections (d) and (e).

(d)  A newly appointed or elected constable shall complete the initial training program for new constables not later than the second anniversary of that individual's appointment or election as constable.  The initial training program for new constables is in addition to the initial training required by this chapter.  The commission by rule shall establish that the first continuing education training period for an individual under Subsection (b) begins on the first day of the first uniform continuing education training period that follows the date the individual completed the initial training program.

(e)  The institution selected under Subsection (a) by rule may provide for the waiver of:

(1)  all or part of the required 40 hours of initial training for new constables to the extent the new constable has satisfactorily completed equivalent training during the 24 months preceding the individual's appointment or election; or

(2)  the continuing education requirements of Subsection (b) for an individual who has satisfactorily completed equivalent continuing education during the preceding 24 months.

(f)  An individual who is subject to the continuing education requirements of Subsection (b) is exempt from other continuing education requirements under this subchapter.

(g)  The commission shall establish procedures to annually determine the status of the peace officer license of each elected constable and to ensure that constables comply with this section.  The commission shall forward to the attorney general's office documentation for each constable who does not comply with this section.  A constable who does not comply with this section forfeits the office and the attorney general shall institute a quo warranto proceeding under Chapter 66, Civil Practice and Remedies Code, to remove the constable from office.

(h)  To the extent of a conflict between this section and any other law, this section controls.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 954, Sec. 2, eff. June 18, 2005.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 622, Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.



Section  1701.355.  Continuing Demonstration Of Weapons Proficiency.

(a) An agency that employs one or more peace officers shall designate a firearms proficiency officer and require each peace officer the agency employs to demonstrate weapons proficiency to the firearms proficiency officer at least annually.  The agency shall maintain records of the weapons proficiency of the agency's peace officers.

(b)  On request, the commission may waive the requirement that a peace officer demonstrate weapons proficiency on a determination by the commission that the requirement causes a hardship.

(c)  The commission by rule shall define weapons proficiency for purposes of this section.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 222, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2009.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 18, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1701.356.  Certain Officers: Reactivation And Continuing Education Not Required.

(a) An honorably retired commissioned officer of the Department of Public Safety who is a special ranger under Section 411.023, Government Code, may not be required to undergo training under Section 1701.352(b).

(b)  An honorably retired commissioned officer of the Department of Public Safety who is a special ranger under Section 411.023, Government Code, or a retired state employee and who holds a permanent license issued before January 1981 and that was current on January 1, 1995:

(1)  has the same rights and privileges as any other peace officer of this state;

(2)  holds, notwithstanding Section 1701.316, an active license unless the license is revoked, suspended, or probated by the commission for a violation of this chapter; and

(3)  is not subject to Section 1701.351.

(c)  An honorably retired commissioned officer of the Department of Public Safety who is a special ranger under Section 411.023, Government Code, or who is a special Texas Ranger under Section 411.024, Government Code, may not be required to undergo training under Section 1701.253(j).

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1276, Sec. 14.009, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 920, Sec. 2, eff. June 19, 2009.



Section 1701.357.  Weapons Proficiency For Certain Retired Peace Officers And Federal Law Enforcement Officers.

(a) This section applies only to:

(1)  a peace officer;

(2)  a federal criminal investigator designated as a special investigator under Article 2.122, Code of Criminal Procedure; and

(3)  a qualified retired law enforcement officer who is entitled to carry a concealed firearm under 18 U.S.C. Section 926C and is not otherwise described by Subdivision (1) or (2).

(b)  The head of a state or local law enforcement agency may allow an honorably retired peace officer an opportunity to demonstrate weapons proficiency if the retired officer provides to the agency a sworn affidavit stating that:

(1)  the officer honorably retired after not less than a total of 15 years of service as a commissioned officer with one or more state or local law enforcement agencies;

(2)  the officer's license as a commissioned officer was not revoked or suspended for any period during the officer's term of service as a commissioned officer; and

(3)  the officer has no psychological or physical disability that would interfere with the officer's proper handling of a handgun.

(c)  The agency shall establish written procedures for the issuance or denial of a certificate of proficiency under this section.  The agency shall issue the certificate to a retired officer who satisfactorily demonstrates weapons proficiency under Subsection (b), provides proof that the officer is entitled to receive a pension or annuity for service with a state or local law enforcement agency or is not entitled to receive a pension or annuity only because the law enforcement agency that employed the retired officer does not offer a pension or annuity to its retired employees, and satisfies the written procedures established by the agency.  The agency shall maintain records of any retired officer who holds a certificate issued under this section.  For purposes of this subsection, proof that a retired officer is entitled to receive a pension or annuity or is not entitled to receive a pension or annuity only because the agency that last employed the retired officer does not offer a pension or annuity may include a retired peace officer identification card issued under Subchapter H, Chapter 614, Government Code.

(d)  A certificate issued under this section expires on the second anniversary of the date the certificate was issued.  A retired officer to whom this section applies may request an annual evaluation of weapons proficiency and issuance of a certificate of proficiency as needed to comply with applicable federal or other laws.

(e)  The head of a state or local law enforcement agency may set and collect fees to recover the expenses the agency incurs in performing duties under this section.

(f)  The amount of a fee set by a county law enforcement agency under Subsection (e) is subject to the approval of the commissioners court of the county. A county law enforcement agency that collects a fee under Subsection (e) shall deposit the amounts collected to the credit of the general fund of the county.

(g)  A county law enforcement agency must obtain approval of the program authorized by this section from the commissioners court of the county before issuing a certificate of proficiency under this section.

(h)  The head of a state law enforcement agency may allow an honorably retired federal criminal investigator or a qualified retired law enforcement officer to whom this section applies an opportunity to demonstrate weapons proficiency in the same manner as, and subject to the same requirements applicable to, an honorably retired peace officer as described by this section.  The agency shall issue a certificate of proficiency to an honorably retired federal criminal investigator or a qualified retired law enforcement officer who otherwise meets the requirements of this section and shall maintain records regarding the issuance of that certificate.

(i)  On request of an honorably retired officer who holds a certificate of  proficiency under this section, the head of the state or local law enforcement agency from which the officer retired shall issue to the retired officer identification that indicates that the officer honorably retired from the agency.  An identification under this subsection must include a photograph of the retired officer.

Added by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 325, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1093, Sec. 2, eff. September 1, 2005.

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1179, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2005.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1187, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1187, Sec. 2, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 428, Sec. 1, eff. June 19, 2009.



Subchapter I. Professional Training And Recognition

Section  1701.401.  Professional Achievement.

(a) In this section:

(1)  "Professional achievement" includes an instance in which an individual through personal initiative, fixity of purpose, persistence, or endeavor creates a program or system that has a significant positive impact on the law enforcement profession that exceeds the normal expectations of job performance.

(2)  "Public service" includes an instance in which an individual through initiative creates or participates in a program or system that has a significant positive impact on the general population of a community that exceeds the normal expectations of job performance.

(3)  "Valor" includes an act of personal heroism or bravery that exceeds the normal expectations of job performance, including placing one's own life in jeopardy to save another person's life, to prevent serious bodily injury to another, or to prevent the consequences of a criminal act.

(b)  The commission shall issue certificates that recognize professional achievement. For this purpose the commission shall use the employment records of the employing agency.

(c)  The commission shall adopt rules for issuing achievement awards to peace officers, reserve peace officers, jailers, or custodial officers who are licensed by the commission. The commission's rules shall require recommendations from an elected official of this state or a political subdivision, an administrator of a law enforcement agency, or a person holding a license issued by the commission.

(d)  The awards shall be given in the name of this state and presented at the State Capitol during May of each year. At a minimum the award shall consist of a document, an appropriate medal, and a ribbon suitable for wearing on a uniform.

(e)  The awards shall be issued in three areas: valor, public service, and professional achievement.

(f)  The commission may present awards relating to not more than a total of 20 incidents and accomplishments each year.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 174, Sec. 1, eff. May 27, 2009.



Section  1701.402.  Proficiency Certificates.

(a) The commission shall issue certificates that recognize proficiency based on law enforcement training, education, and experience. For this purpose the commission shall use the employment records of the employing agency.

(b)  As a requirement for a basic proficiency certificate, the commission shall require completion of local courses or programs of instruction on federal and state statutes that relate to employment issues affecting peace officers and county jailers, including:

(1)  civil service;

(2)  compensation, including overtime compensation, and vacation time;

(3)  personnel files and other employee records;

(4)  management-employee relations in law enforcement organizations;

(5)  work-related injuries;

(6)  complaints and investigations of employee misconduct; and

(7)  disciplinary actions and the appeal of disciplinary actions.

(c)  An employing agency is responsible for providing the training required by this section.

(d)  As a requirement for an intermediate proficiency certificate, an officer must complete an education and training program on asset forfeiture established by the commission under Section 1701.253(g).

(e)  As a requirement for an intermediate proficiency certificate, an officer must complete an education and training program on racial profiling established by the commission under Section 1701.253(h).

(f)  As a requirement for an intermediate proficiency certificate, an officer must complete an education and training program on identity theft established by the commission under Section 1701.253(i).

(g)  As a requirement for an intermediate proficiency certificate or an advanced proficiency certificate, an officer must complete the education and training program described by Section 1701.253 regarding de-escalation and crisis intervention techniques to facilitate interaction with persons with mental impairments.

 

Text of subsection as added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1002, Sec. 6

 

(h)  As a requirement for an intermediate or advanced proficiency certificate issued by the commission on or after January 1, 2011, an officer must complete the basic education and training program on the trafficking of persons described by Section 1701.258(a).

 

Text of subsection as added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 17

 

(h)  As a requirement for an intermediate proficiency certificate, an officer must complete an education and training program on investigative topics established by the commission under Section 1701.253(b).

(i)  As a requirement for an intermediate proficiency certificate, an officer must complete an education and training program on civil rights, racial sensitivity, and cultural diversity established by the commission under Section 1701.253(c).

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 929, Sec. 6, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 947, Sec. 5, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1276, Sec. 14.008, eff. Sept. 1, 2003; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1326, Sec. 9, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 393, Sec. 4, eff. September 1, 2005.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1002, Sec. 6, eff. September 1, 2009.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 17, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1701.403.  Investigative Hypnosis.

(a) The commission may establish minimum requirements for the training, testing, and certification of peace officers who use investigative hypnosis.

(b)  A peace officer may not use a hypnotic interview technique unless the officer:

(1)  completes a training course approved by the commission; and

(2)  passes an examination administered by the commission that is designed to test the officer's knowledge of investigative hypnosis.

(c)  The commission may issue a professional achievement or proficiency certificate to an officer who meets the requirements of Subsection (b).

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section 1701.404.  Certification Of Officers For Mental Health Assignments.

(a) The commission by rule may establish minimum requirements for the training, testing, and certification of special officers for offenders with mental impairments.

(b)  The commission may certify a sheriff, sheriff's deputy, constable, other peace officer, county jailer, or justice of the peace as a special officer for offenders with mental impairments if the person:

(1)  completes a training course in emergency first aid and lifesaving techniques approved by the commission;

(2)  completes a training course administered by the commission on mental health issues and offenders with mental impairments; and

(3)  passes an examination administered by the commission that is designed to test the person's:

(A)  knowledge and recognition of the characteristics and symptoms of mental illness, mental retardation, and mental disabilities; and

(B)  knowledge of mental health crisis intervention strategies for people with mental impairments.

(c)  The commission may issue a professional achievement or proficiency certificate to an officer, county jailer, or justice of the peace who meets the requirements of Subsection (b).

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1131, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1701.405.  Telecommunicators.

(a) In this section:

(1)  "Communication" means any type of system in which electric or electromagnetic signals are used to transmit information, including a system transmitting information by means of:

(A)  radio, light, or waves in other portions of the electromagnetic spectrum;

(B)  wire or cable; or

(C)  any other medium.

(2)  "Emergency" means the occurrence or imminent threat of damage, injury, or loss of life or property resulting from an extraordinary natural or man-made cause.

(3)  "Telecommunicator" means a person acknowledged by the commission and employed by or serving a law enforcement agency who receives, processes, and transmits public safety information and criminal justice data for the agency using a base radio station on a public safety frequency regulated by the Federal Communications Commission or by teletype or other communications system.

(b)  This state or a political subdivision of this state may not appoint or employ a person to act as a telecommunicator unless the person has had at least 40 hours of telecommunicator training as determined by the commission.

(c)  The commission shall accredit telecommunicator training programs that fulfill the minimum requirements for a telecommunicator. The commission shall adopt rules providing for the accreditation of telecommunicator training programs developed and taught by the Department of Public Safety, an institution of higher education, including a junior college, community college, or technical school, or any other entity approved by the commission.

(d)  A person who completes an accredited training program under this section may, by letter to the commission, request a written acknowledgment from the commission that the person has met the minimum requirements for a telecommunicator as determined by the commission. The request must be accompanied, in accordance with commission rules, by evidence of satisfactory completion of an accredited telecommunicator training program. On a determination by the commission that the person meets the minimum requirements for a telecommunicator, the commission shall issue the written acknowledgment to the person.

(e)  This section does not apply to a person who:

(1)  performs the duties of a telecommunicator; and

(2)  is employed by a law enforcement agency that:

(A)  employs 20 or fewer employees; or

(B)  does not perform law enforcement services on a 24-hour basis.

(f)  A person performing the duties of a telecommunicator and serving under permanent appointment on and before September 1, 1987, is not required to meet the requirements of this section as a condition of continued employment.

(g)  Notwithstanding this section, a person may be appointed or serve as a telecommunicator on a temporary or probationary basis or may perform the duties of a telecommunicator in an emergency.

(h)  A person appointed on a temporary or probationary basis after September 1, 1987, who does not satisfactorily complete an accredited telecommunicator training program before the first anniversary of the date the person is originally appointed shall be removed from the position. The person's temporary or probationary appointment may not be extended for more than one year except that not earlier than the first anniversary of the date the person is removed under this subsection, the employing agency may petition the commission for reinstatement of the person to temporary or probationary employment.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Subchapter J. Employment Records

Section 1701.451.  Preemployment Request For Employment Termination Report And Submission Of Background Check Confirmation Form.

(a) Before a law enforcement agency may hire a person licensed under this chapter, the agency head or the agency head's designee must:

(1)  make a request to the commission for any employment termination report regarding the person that is maintained by the commission under this subchapter; and

(2)  submit to the commission on the form prescribed by the commission confirmation that the agency:

(A)  conducted in the manner prescribed by the commission a criminal background check regarding the person;

(B)  obtained the person's written consent on a form prescribed by the commission for the agency to view the person's employment records;

(C)  obtained from the commission any service or education records regarding the person maintained by the commission; and

(D)  contacted each of the person's previous law enforcement employers.

(a-1)  A law enforcement agency that obtains a consent form described by Subsection (a)(2)(B) shall make the person's employment records available to a hiring law enforcement agency on request.

(b)  The commission by rule shall establish a system for verifying an electronically submitted request required by Subsection (a)(1).

(c)  If the commission receives from a law enforcement agency a request that complies with Subsections (a)(1) and (b), the commission employee having the responsibility to maintain any employment termination report regarding the person who is the subject of the request shall release the report to the agency.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1298, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2005.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1068, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 19, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1701.452.  Employment Termination Report.

(a) The head of a law enforcement agency or the head's designee shall submit a report to the commission on a form prescribed by the commission regarding a person licensed under this chapter who resigns or retires from employment with the law enforcement agency, whose appointment with the law enforcement agency is terminated, or who separates from the law enforcement agency for any other reason.  The report must be submitted by the head or the designee not later than the seventh business day after the date the license holder:

(1)  resigns, retires, or separates from the agency; or

(2)  exhausts all administrative appeals available to the license holder if the license holder was terminated based on an allegation of misconduct.

(b)  The head of a law enforcement agency or the head's designee shall include in the report required under Subsection (a) a statement on whether the license holder was honorably discharged, generally discharged, or dishonorably discharged and, as required by the commission, an explanation of the circumstances under which the person resigned, retired, or was terminated.  For purposes of this subsection:

(1)  "Honorably discharged" means a license holder who, while in good standing and not because of pending or final disciplinary actions or a documented performance problem, retired, resigned, or separated from employment with or died while employed by a law enforcement agency.

(2)  "Generally discharged" means a license holder who:

(A)  was terminated by, retired or resigned from, or died while in the employ of a law enforcement agency and the separation was related to a disciplinary investigation of conduct that is not included in the definition of dishonorably discharged; or

(B)  was terminated by or retired or resigned from a law enforcement agency and the separation was for a documented performance problem and was not because of a reduction in workforce or an at-will employment decision.

(3)  "Dishonorably discharged" means a license holder who:

(A)  was terminated by a law enforcement agency or retired or resigned in lieu of termination by the agency in relation to allegations of criminal misconduct; or

(B)  was terminated by a law enforcement agency or retired or resigned in lieu of termination by the agency for insubordination or untruthfulness.

(c)  The commission by rule may further specify the circumstances that constitute honorably discharged, dishonorably discharged, and generally discharged within the definitions provided by Subsection (b).

(d)  The head of the law enforcement agency from which a license holder resigns, retires, is terminated, or separates for reasons other than death, or the head's designee, shall provide to the license holder a copy of the report.  The report must be provided to the license holder not later than the seventh business day after the date the license holder:

(1)  resigns, retires, or separates from the agency; or

(2)  exhausts all administrative appeals available to the license holder if the license holder was terminated based on an allegation of misconduct.

(e)  If the person who is the subject of the employment termination report is deceased, the head of the law enforcement agency or the head's designee on request shall provide a copy of the report to the person's next of kin not later than the seventh business day after the date of the request.

(f)  The head of a law enforcement agency or the head's designee satisfies the obligation to provide the report required under Subsection (d) or (e) by sending by certified mail:

(1)  the report required under Subsection (d) to the last known address of the license holder if the license holder is not otherwise available; or

(2)  the report required under Subsection (e) to the last known address of the next of kin if the next of kin who requested the report is not otherwise available.

(g)  The head of a law enforcement agency or the head's designee must submit a report under this section each time a person licensed under this chapter resigns, retires, is terminated, or separates for any other reason from the agency.  The report is an official government document.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1298, Sec. 2, eff. September 1, 2005.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1068, Sec. 2, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section 1701.4521.  License Suspension For Officer Dishonorably Discharged.

(a) The commission shall suspend the license of an officer licensed under this chapter on notification that the officer has been dishonorably discharged if the officer has previously been dishonorably discharged from another law enforcement agency.

(b)  An officer whose license is suspended under this section may appeal the suspension in writing to the commission not later than the 30th day after the date the officer is suspended.

(c)  After a commission determination, the commission may revoke or reinstate the officer's license in accordance with rules or procedures adopted by the commission under this chapter related to revocation or reinstatement of a license.  The commission shall revoke the officer's license if the officer does not appeal the suspension before the 30th day after the date the officer is suspended.

(d)  The commission's decision does not affect:

(1)  the employment relationship between an officer licensed under this chapter and a law enforcement agency; or

(2)  any disciplinary action taken against an officer licensed under this chapter by a law enforcement agency.

Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1068, Sec. 3, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section 1701.4525.  Request For Correction Of Report; Administrative Penalty; Hearing; Appeal.

(a) A person who is the subject of an employment termination report maintained by the commission under this subchapter may contest information contained in the report by submitting to the law enforcement agency and to the commission a written request for a correction of the report and any evidence contesting the information contained in the report not later than the 30th day after the date the person receives a copy of the report.  The commission shall allow the head of the law enforcement agency to submit to the commission any evidence rebutting the evidence submitted by the person who is the subject of the report.

(b)  The commission may order the head of a law enforcement agency to correct a person's report in a timely manner based on information submitted to the law enforcement agency and to the commission by the person under Subsection (a).  An agency head ordered to correct a person's report shall correct the person's report or request a hearing conducted by the State Office of Administrative Hearings.  The commission may assess an administrative penalty against an agency head who fails to make a correction or request a hearing under this subsection in a timely manner.

(c)  If the commission refuses to order the head of a law enforcement agency to correct the person's report, the person is entitled to a hearing conducted by the State Office of Administrative Hearings.

(d)  A proceeding under Subsection (b) to contest the commission's order or under Subsection (c) to correct an employment termination report is a contested case under Chapter 2001, Government Code.

(e)  In a proceeding under Subsection (b) to contest the commission's order or under Subsection (c) to correct an employment termination report for an order or report based on alleged misconduct, an administrative law judge shall determine if the alleged misconduct occurred by a preponderance of the evidence regardless of whether the person who is the subject of the report was terminated or the person resigned, retired, or separated in lieu of termination.  If the alleged misconduct is not supported by a preponderance of the evidence, the administrative law judge shall order the report to be changed.

(f)  The commission shall adopt rules for the administration of this section.

(g)  The commission is not considered a party in a proceeding conducted by the State Office of Administrative Hearings under this section.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1298, Sec. 3, eff. September 1, 2005.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1068, Sec. 4, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 20, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1701.453.  Maintenance Of Reports And Statements.

The commission shall maintain a copy of each report and statement submitted to the commission under this subchapter until at least the 10th anniversary of the date on which the report or statement is submitted.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 21, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1701.454.  Confidentiality.

(a) A report or statement submitted to the commission under this subchapter is confidential and is not subject to disclosure under Chapter 552, Government Code, unless the person resigned or was terminated due to substantiated incidents of excessive force or violations of the law other than traffic offenses.

(1) Expired.

(2) Expired.

(b)  Except as provided by this subchapter, a commission member or other person may not release the contents of a report or statement submitted under this subchapter.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 182, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1298, Sec. 4, eff. September 1, 2005.



Section  1701.455.  Subpoena.

A report or statement submitted to the commission under this subchapter is subject to subpoena only in a judicial proceeding.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.456.  Immunity From Liability.

(a) The commission is not liable for civil damages for providing information contained in a report or statement maintained by the commission under this subchapter if the commission released the information as provided by this subchapter.

(b)  A law enforcement agency, agency head, or other law enforcement official is not liable for civil damages for a report made by that agency or person if the report is made in good faith.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1298, Sec. 5, eff. September 1, 2005.



Section  1701.457.  Limitation On Commission Authority.

This subchapter does not authorize the commission to review disciplinary action taken by a law enforcement agency against a person licensed under this chapter or to issue a subpoena to compel the production of a document prepared or maintained by the agency in connection with a disciplinary matter.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section 1701.458.  Venue.

Venue for the prosecution of an offense under Section 37.10, Penal Code, that arises from a report required under this subchapter lies in the county where the offense occurred or in Travis County.

Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1068, Sec. 5, eff. September 1, 2007.



Subchapter K. Disciplinary Procedures

Section  1701.501.  Disciplinary Action.

(a) Except as provided by Subsection (d), the commission shall revoke or suspend a license, place on probation a person whose license has been suspended, or reprimand a license holder for a violation of:

(1)  this chapter;

(2)  the reporting requirements provided by Articles 2.132 and 2.134, Code of Criminal Procedure; or

(3)  a commission rule.

(b)  The commission may establish procedures for the revocation of a license issued under this chapter.

(c)  The commission by rule may adopt other necessary enforcement procedures.

(d)  The commission may revoke a license issued under this chapter to an officer elected under the Texas Constitution only if the officer is convicted of:

(1)  a felony; or

(2)  a criminal offense directly involving the person's duties as an officer.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 279, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 22, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1701.502.  Felony Conviction Or Placement On Community Supervision.

(a) The commission shall immediately revoke the license of a person licensed under this chapter who is convicted of a felony.

(b)  The commission shall immediately suspend the license of a person licensed under this chapter who is charged with a felony and is placed on community supervision regardless of whether the court defers further proceedings without entering an adjudication of guilt.

(c)  The commission may reinstate, as provided by commission rules, a license that is suspended under Subsection (b) when the license holder is released from community supervision.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.503.  Barratry Conviction.

The commission shall immediately revoke the license of a person licensed under this chapter who is convicted of barratry under Section 38.12, Penal Code.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.504.  Hearing.

(a) Except as provided by Sections 1701.502 and 1701.503, if the commission proposes to suspend or revoke a person's license, the person is entitled to a hearing conducted by the State Office of Administrative Hearings.

(b)  If the commission proposes to refuse to renew a person's license, the person is entitled to a hearing conducted by the State Office of Administrative Hearings.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.505.  Administrative Procedure.

(a) Proceedings for a disciplinary action are governed by Chapter 2001, Government Code.

(b)  Rules of practice adopted by the commission under Section 2001.004, Government Code, applicable to the proceedings for a disciplinary action may not conflict with rules adopted by the State Office of Administrative Hearings.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.506.  Appeal.

(a) A person dissatisfied with an action of the commission may appeal the action under Chapter 2001, Government Code. The court shall set the matter for hearing not earlier than 10 days after written notice of the appeal is given to the commission and the commission's attorney.

(b)  The court may suspend an action of the commission pending a hearing. The order suspending the action takes effect when served on the commission. The commission shall provide its attorney a copy of the petition and order.

(c)  The attorney general or the district or county attorney shall represent the commission in the appeal.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section 1701.507.  Administrative Penalties.

(a) In addition to other penalties imposed by law, a law enforcement agency or governmental entity that violates this chapter or a rule adopted under this chapter is subject to an administrative penalty in an amount set by the commission not to exceed $1,000 per day per violation.  The administrative penalty shall be assessed in a proceeding conducted in accordance with Chapter 2001, Government Code.

(b)  The amount of the penalty shall be based on:

(1)  the seriousness of the violation;

(2)  the respondent's history of violations;

(3)  the amount necessary to deter future violations;

(4)  efforts made by the respondent to correct the violation; and

(5)  any other matter that justice may require.

(c)  The commission by rule shall establish a written enforcement plan that provides notice of the specific ranges of penalties that apply to specific alleged violations and the criteria by which the commission determines the amount of a proposed administrative penalty.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 23, eff. September 1, 2009.



Subchapter L. Criminal Penalty

Section  1701.551.  Criminal Penalty For Appointment Or Retention Of Certain Persons. (a) A Person

commits an offense if the person appoints or retains another person as an officer or county jailer in violation of Section 1701.301, 1701.303, or 1701.306.

(b)  An offense under Subsection (a) is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less than $100 and not more than $1,000.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.552.  Criminal Penalty For Appointment Of Person Not Certified For Investigative Hypnosis. (a)

A person commits an offense if the person appoints or retains another person in violation of Section 1701.403.

(b)  An offense under Subsection (a) is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less than $100 and not more than $1,000.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1701.553.  Criminal Penalty For Appointment Or Retention Of Persons With Certain Convictions. (a)

A person commits an offense if the person appoints or retains an individual as an officer, public security officer, or county jailer in violation of Section 1701.312 or 1701.313.

(b)  An offense under Subsection (a) is a state jail felony.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section 1701.554.  Venue.

Venue for the prosecution of an offense that arises from a violation of this chapter or in connection with the administration of this chapter lies in the county where the offense occurred or in Travis County.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1172, Sec. 24, eff. September 1, 2009.



Subchapter M. Visiting Resource Officer In Public School

Section  1701.601.  Definition.

In this subchapter, "school resource officer" means a peace officer who is assigned by the officer's employing political subdivision to provide:

(1)  a police presence at a public school;

(2)  safety or drug education to students of a public school; or

(3)  other similar services.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 923, Sec. 2, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  1701.602.  License Required.

A peace officer who is a visiting school resource officer in a public school must be licensed as provided by this chapter.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 923, Sec. 2, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  1701.603.  Firearms Accident Prevention Program.

(a) A peace officer who is a visiting school resource officer in a public elementary school shall at least once each school year offer to provide instruction to students in a firearms accident prevention program, as determined by the school district.

(b)  A firearms accident prevention program must include the safety message, "Stop! Don't Touch. Leave the Area. Tell an Adult.", and may include instructional materials from the National Rifle Association Eddie Eagle GunSafe Program, including animated videos and activity books.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 923, Sec. 2, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Chapter 1702. Private Security

Subchapter A. General Provisions

Section  1702.001.  Short Title.

This chapter may be cited as the Private Security Act.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.551(b), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  1702.002.  Definitions.

In this chapter:

(1)  "Alarm system" means:

(A)  electronic equipment and devices designed to detect or signal:

(i)  an unauthorized entry or attempted entry of a person or object into a residence, business, or area monitored by the system; or

(ii)  the occurrence of a robbery or other emergency;

(B)  electronic equipment and devices using a computer or data processor designed to control the access of a person, vehicle, or object through a door, gate, or entrance into the controlled area of a residence or business; or

(C)  a television camera or still camera system that:

(i)  records or archives images of property or individuals in a public or private area of a residence or business; or

(ii)  is monitored by security personnel or services.

(1-a)  For purposes of Subdivision (1), the term "alarm system" does not include a telephone entry system, an operator for opening or closing a residential or commercial gate or door, or an accessory used only to activate a gate or door, if the system, operator, or accessory is not connected to an alarm system.

(1-a)  For purposes of Subdivision (1), the term "alarm system" does not include a telephone entry system, an operator for opening or closing a residential or commercial gate or door, or an accessory used only to activate a gate or door, if the system, operator, or accessory is not connected to a computer or data processor that records or archives the voice, visual image, or identifying information of the user.

(1-b)  "Board" means the Texas Private Security Board.

(2)  "Branch office" means an office that is:

(A)  identified to the public as a place from which business is conducted, solicited, or advertised; and

(B)  at a place other than the principal place of business as shown in board records.

(3)  "Branch office license" means a permit issued by the board that entitles a person to operate at a branch office as a security services contractor or investigations company.

(4)  Repealed by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.102(1), eff. September 1, 2009.

(5)  "Commissioned security officer" means a security officer to whom a security officer commission has been issued by the board.

(5-a)  "Department" means the Department of Public Safety of the State of Texas.

(6)  "Detection device" means an electronic device used as a part of an alarm system, including a control, communications device, motion detector, door or window switch, sound detector, vibration detector, light beam, pressure mat, wiring, or similar device.

(6-a)  "Electronic access control device" means an electronic, electrical, or computer-based device, including a telephone entry system, that allows access to a controlled area of a business, but that is not monitored by security personnel or services and does not send a signal to which law enforcement or emergency services respond.  The term does not include:

(A)  a mechanical device, such as a deadbolt or lock; or

(B)  an operator for opening or closing a commercial gate or door or an accessory, such as a fixed or portable transmitter, card-reader, or keypad, if the operator or accessory is used only to activate the gate or door and is not connected to an alarm system.

(6-b)  "Endorsement" means a permit entitling an individual holding a registration to perform a service regulated by this chapter for an appropriately licensed company.

(7)  "Extra job coordinator" means a peace officer who:

(A)  is employed full-time by the state or a political subdivision of the state; and

(B)  schedules other peace officers to provide guard, patrolman, or watchman services in a private capacity who are:

(i)  employed full-time by the state or a political subdivision of the state; and

(ii)  not employed by the extra job coordinator.

(8)  "Firearm" has the meaning assigned by Section 46.01, Penal Code.

(9)  "Insurance agent" means:

(A)  a person licensed under Subchapter B, C, D, or E, Chapter 4051, or Chapter 981, Insurance Code;

(B)  a salaried, state, or special agent; or

(C)  a person authorized to represent an insurance fund or pool created by a local government under Chapter 791, Government Code.

(10)  "Investigations company" means a person who performs the activities described by Section 1702.104.

(11)  "Letter of authority" means a permit issued by the board that entitles the security department of a private business or a political subdivision to employ a commissioned security officer.

(12)  "License" means a permit issued by the board that entitles a person to operate as a security services contractor or investigations company.

(13)  "License holder" means a person to whom the board issues a license.

(14)  "Manager" means an officer or supervisor of a corporation or a general partner of a partnership who has the experience required by Section 1702.119 to manage a security services contractor or an investigations company.

(15)  "Peace officer" means a person who is a peace officer under Article 2.12, Code of Criminal Procedure.

(16)  "Person" includes an individual, firm, association, company, partnership, corporation, nonprofit organization, institution, or similar entity. Section 311.005(2), Government Code, does not apply to this subdivision.

(16-a)  "Personal protection officer" means a person who performs the activities described by Section 1702.202.

(17)  "Personal protection officer endorsement" means a permit issued by the board that entitles an individual to act as a personal protection officer.

(18)  "Private investigator" means an individual who performs one or more services described by Section 1702.104.

(19)  "Registrant" means an individual who has registered with the board under Section 1702.221.

(20)  "Registration" means a permit issued by the board to an individual described by Section 1702.221.

(20-a)  "Security officer" means a person who performs the activities described by Section 1702.222.

(21)  "Security officer commission" means an authorization issued by the board that entitles a security officer to carry a firearm.

(22)  "Security services contractor" means a person who performs the activities described by Section 1702.102.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.552, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 898, Sec. 1, eff. June 20, 2003; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 936, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2003; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1276, Sec. 10A.545, eff. Sept. 1, 2003; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., 3rd C.S., ch. 10, Sec. 2.01, eff. Oct. 20, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 728, Sec. 11.151, eff. September 1, 2005.

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1155, Sec. 1, eff. June 18, 2005.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 921, Sec. 17.001(58-a), eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.01, eff. September 1, 2009.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.102(1), eff. September 1, 2009.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4B.01, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.004.  General Scope Of Regulation.

(a) The board, in addition to performing duties required by other law or exercising powers granted by other law:

(1)  licenses investigations companies and security services contractors;

(2)  issues commissions to certain security officers;

(3)  issues endorsements to certain security officers engaged in the personal protection of individuals;

(4)  registers and endorses:

(A)  certain individuals connected with a license holder; and

(B)  certain individuals employed in a field connected to private investigation or private security; and

(5)  regulates license holders, security officers, registrants, and endorsement holders under this chapter.

(b)  The board shall adopt rules necessary to comply with Chapter 53.  In its rules under this section, the board shall list the specific offenses for each category of regulated persons for which a conviction would constitute grounds for the board to take action under Section 53.021.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.554, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.02, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.005.  Department Of Public Safety.

(a) The board created under Section 1702.021 is a part of the department. The department shall administer this chapter through the board.

(b)  A reference in this chapter or another law to the Texas Commission on Private Security means the board.

Added by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., 3rd C.S., ch. 10, Sec. 2.02, eff. Oct. 20, 2003.



Section 1702.006.  Foreign Entity Registration.

Licensure under this chapter does not exempt a foreign entity from the registration requirements of Chapter 9, Business Organizations Code.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4B.04, eff. September 1, 2009.



Subchapter B. Texas Private Security Board

Section 1702.021.  Board Membership.

(a) The Texas Private Security Board consists of seven members appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate as follows:

(1)  four public members, each of whom is a citizen of the United States;

(2)  one member who is licensed under this chapter as a private investigator;

(3)  one member who is licensed under this chapter as an alarm systems company; and

(4)  one member who is licensed under this chapter as the owner or operator of a guard company.

(b)  Appointments to the board shall be made without regard to the race, color, disability, sex, religion, age, or national origin of the appointee.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.556, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1170, Sec. 34.01, eff. Sept. 1, 2003; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., 3rd C.S., ch. 10, Sec. 2.03, eff. Oct. 20, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.04, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.023.  Eligibility Of Public Members.

The board's public members must be representatives of the general public.  A person may not be a public member of the board if the person or the person's spouse:

(1)  is registered, commissioned, certified, or licensed by a regulatory agency in the field of private investigations or private security;

(2)  is employed by or participates in the management of a business entity or other organization regulated by or receiving money from the board;

(3)  owns or controls, directly or indirectly, more than a 10 percent interest in a business entity or other organization regulated by or receiving money from the board; or

(4)  uses or receives a substantial amount of tangible goods, services, or money from the board other than compensation or reimbursement authorized by law for board membership, attendance, or expenses.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.558, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.05, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.024.  Membership And Employee Restrictions.

(a) In this section, "Texas trade association" means a cooperative and voluntarily joined association of business or professional competitors in this state designed to assist its members and its industry or profession in dealing with mutual business or professional problems and in promoting their common interests.

(b)  A person may not be a board member, and may not be a department employee whose primary duties include private security regulation and who is employed in a "bona fide executive, administrative, or professional capacity," as that phrase is used for purposes of establishing an exemption to the overtime provisions of the federal Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29 U.S.C. Section 201 et seq.), and its subsequent amendments, if:

(1)  the person is an officer, employee, or paid consultant of a Texas trade association in the field of private investigation or private security; or

(2)  the person's spouse is an officer, manager, or paid consultant of a Texas trade association in the field of private investigation or private security.

(c)  A person may not be a board member or act as general counsel to the board or agency if the person is required to register as a lobbyist under Chapter 305, Government Code, because of the person's activities for compensation on behalf of a profession related to the operation of the agency.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.559, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.06, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.025.  Terms; Vacancies.

(a) The board members serve staggered six-year terms, with the terms of two or three members expiring on January 31 of each odd-numbered year.

(b)  If a vacancy occurs during the term of a board member, the governor shall appoint a new member to fill the unexpired term.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.560(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1170, Sec. 34.02, eff. Sept. 1, 2003; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., 3rd C.S., ch. 10, Sec. 2.04, eff. Oct. 20, 2003.



Section  1702.026.  Officers.

(a) The governor shall designate one board member as presiding officer to serve in that capacity at the will of the governor. The governor shall designate the presiding officer without regard to race, creed, color, disability, sex, religion, age, or national origin.

(b)  The board shall elect from among its members an assistant presiding officer and a secretary to serve two-year terms beginning on September 1 of each odd-numbered year.

(c)  The presiding officer of the board or, in the absence of the presiding officer, the assistant presiding officer shall preside at each board meeting and perform the other duties prescribed by this chapter.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.561(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., 3rd C.S., ch. 10, Sec. 2.04, eff. Oct. 20, 2003.



Section 1702.027.  Grounds For Removal.

(a) It is a ground for removal from the board that a member:

(1)  does not have the qualifications required by Section 1702.021 at the time of taking office;

(2)  does not maintain the qualifications required by Section 1702.021 during service on the board;

(3)  is ineligible for membership under Section 1702.023 or 1702.024;

(4)  cannot, because of illness or disability, discharge the member's duties for a substantial part of the member's term; or

(5)  is absent from more than half of the regularly scheduled board meetings that the member is eligible to attend during a calendar year without an excuse approved by a majority vote of the board.

(b)  The validity of an action of the board is not affected by the fact that it is taken when a ground for removal of a board member exists.

(c)  If the chief administrator has knowledge that a potential ground for removal exists, the chief administrator shall notify the presiding officer of the board of the potential ground.  The presiding officer shall then notify the governor and the attorney general that a potential ground for removal exists.  If the potential ground for removal involves the presiding officer, the chief administrator shall notify the next highest ranking officer of the board, who shall then notify the governor and the attorney general that a potential ground for removal exists.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.562, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.07, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.028.  Per Diem; Reimbursement.

(a) A board member is entitled to a per diem as set by legislative appropriation for each day the member engages in the business of the board.

(b)  A member is entitled to reimbursement for travel expenses incurred while conducting board business, including expenses for transportation, meals, and lodging, as prescribed by the General Appropriations Act.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.563, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.08, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.029.  Meetings.

The board shall meet at regular intervals to be decided by the board.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.564, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.09, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.030.  Training.

(a) A person who is appointed to and qualifies for office as a board member may not vote, deliberate, or be counted as a member in attendance at a board meeting until the person completes a training program that complies with this section.

(b)  The training program must provide the person with information regarding:

(1)  this chapter;

(2)  the programs operated by the board;

(3)  the role and functions of the board;

(4)  the rules of the board, with an emphasis on the rules that relate to disciplinary and investigatory authority;

(5)  the current budget for the board;

(6)  the results of the most recent formal audit of the board;

(7)  the requirements of:

(A)  the open meetings law, Chapter 551, Government Code;

(B)  the public information law, Chapter 552, Government Code;

(C)  the administrative procedure law, Chapter 2001, Government Code; and

(D)  other laws relating to public officials, including conflict of interest laws; and

(8)  any applicable ethics policies adopted by the board or the Texas Ethics Commission.

(c)  A person appointed to the board is entitled to reimbursement, as provided by the General Appropriations Act, for the travel expenses incurred in attending the training program regardless of whether the attendance at the program occurs before or after the person qualifies for office.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.565(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.10, eff. September 1, 2009.



Subchapter C. Chief Administrator And Personnel

Section 1702.041.  Chief Administrator.

(a) The chief administrator is responsible for the administration of this chapter under the direction of the board. The chief administrator shall perform duties as prescribed by the board and the department.

(b)  The chief administrator is a full-time employee of the department. A board member may not serve as chief administrator.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.566, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.12, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.042.  Personnel; Conflict Of Interest.

An employee of the department whose primary duties include private security regulation may not:

(1)  have a financial or business interest, contingent or otherwise, in a security services contractor or investigations company; or

(2)  be licensed under this chapter.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.567, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.13, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.043.  Division Of Responsibilities.

The board shall develop and implement policies that clearly separate the policy-making responsibilities of the board and the management responsibilities of the chief administrator and staff of the department.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.568, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.14, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.044.  Qualifications And Standards Of Conduct Information.

The chief administrator or the chief administrator's designee shall provide to board members and to agency employees, as often as necessary, information regarding the requirements for office or employment under this chapter, including information regarding a person's responsibilities under applicable laws relating to standards of conduct for state officers or employees.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.569, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.15, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.047.  Administrative Staff.

The department shall designate a department employee who shall report directly to the board.  The employee designated under this section shall provide administrative assistance to the board in the performance of the board's duties.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1278, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2005.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4B.02, eff. September 1, 2009.



Subchapter D. Powers And Duties Of Board

Section 1702.061.  General Powers And Duties Of Board.

(a) The board shall perform the functions and duties provided by this chapter.

(b)  The board shall adopt rules and general policies to guide the agency in the administration of this chapter.

(c)  The rules and policies adopted by the board under Subsection (b) must be consistent with this chapter and other board rules adopted under this chapter and with any other applicable law, state rule, or federal regulation.

(d)  The board has the powers and duties to:

(1)  determine the qualifications of license holders, registrants, endorsement holders, and commissioned security officers;

(2)  investigate alleged violations of this chapter and of board rules;

(3)  adopt rules necessary to implement this chapter; and

(4)  establish and enforce standards governing the safety and conduct of each person licensed, registered, or commissioned under this chapter.

(e)  The board shall have a seal in the form prescribed by the board.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.573(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.17, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.0611.  Rulemaking Procedures.

(a) The board may only adopt rules under this chapter on the approval of the Public Safety Commission as provided by this section.

(b)  Before adopting a rule under this chapter, the board must:

(1)  determine the need for the proposed rule;

(2)  work with persons who will be affected by the rule to ensure consideration of all relevant issues regarding the proposed rule;

(3)  consult with an attorney in the department's regulatory licensing service to draft the rule and ensure that the proposed rule complies with statutory requirements regarding administrative rules; and

(4)  submit the proposed rule to the department's general counsel, director, and chief accountant for consideration of the proposed rule's impact on the department and to ensure that the proposed rule is within the board's authority.

(c)  On the completion of the required publication and comment periods under Chapter 2001, Government Code, the Public Safety Commission shall:

(1)  return the proposed rule to the board if:

(A)  the commission identifies a problem with the rule that must be resolved before the rule is approved; or

(B)  a comment requiring resolution is received during the comment period; or

(2)  place the rule on the commission's agenda for final approval during the commission's next regularly scheduled meeting.

(d)  On approval of the proposed rule by the Public Safety Commission, the department shall comply with the requirements of Chapter 2001, Government Code, for final adoption of the rule.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1278, Sec. 2, eff. September 1, 2005.



Section 1702.0612.  Negotiated Rulemaking And Alternative Dispute Resolution.

(a) The board shall develop and implement a policy to encourage the use of:

(1)  negotiated rulemaking procedures under Chapter 2008, Government Code, for the adoption of board rules; and

(2)  appropriate alternative dispute resolution procedures under Chapter 2009, Government Code, to assist in the resolution of internal and external disputes under the board's jurisdiction.

(b)  The board's procedures relating to alternative dispute resolution must conform, to the extent possible, to any model guidelines issued by the State Office of Administrative Hearings for the use of alternative dispute resolution by state agencies.

(c)  The board shall designate a trained person to:

(1)  coordinate the implementation of the policy adopted under Subsection (a);

(2)  serve as a resource for any training needed to implement the procedures for negotiated rulemaking or alternative dispute resolution; and

(3)  collect data concerning the effectiveness of those procedures, as implemented by the board.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.18, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.062.  Fees.

(a) The board by rule shall establish reasonable and necessary fees that produce sufficient revenue to administer this chapter.  The fees may not produce unnecessary fund balances.

(b)  The board may charge a fee each time the board requires a person regulated under this chapter to resubmit a set of fingerprints for processing by the board during the application process for a license, registration, endorsement, or commission.  The board shall set the fee in an amount that is reasonable and necessary to cover the administrative expenses related to processing the fingerprints.

(c)  A person whose pocket card has not expired is not eligible to receive from the board another pocket card in the same classification in which the pocket card is held.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.574, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 593, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1278, Sec. 3, eff. September 1, 2005.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.19, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.063.  Board Use Of Fines.

The fines collected under this chapter may not be used to administer this chapter.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.575, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.20, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.0635.  Restrictions On Certain Rules.

The board may not adopt rules or establish unduly restrictive experience or education requirements that limit a person's ability to be licensed as an electronic access control device company or be registered as an electronic access control device installer.

Added by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 936, Sec. 2, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.21, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.064.  Rules Restricting Advertising Or Competitive Bidding.

(a) The board may not adopt rules restricting advertising or competitive bidding by a person regulated by the board except to prohibit false, misleading, or deceptive practices by the person.

(b)  The board may not include in its rules to prohibit false, misleading, or deceptive practices by a person regulated by the board a rule that:

(1)  restricts the person's use of any medium for advertising;

(2)  restricts the person's personal appearance or use of the person's personal voice in an advertisement;

(3)  relates to the size or duration of an advertisement by the person; or

(4)  restricts the person's advertisement under a trade name.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.576, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.22, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.0645.  Payment Of Fees And Fines.

(a) The board may adopt rules regarding the method of payment of a fee or a fine assessed under this chapter.

(b)  Rules adopted under this section may:

(1)  authorize the use of electronic funds transfer or a valid credit card issued by a financial institution chartered by a state or the federal government or by a nationally recognized credit organization approved by the board; and

(2)  require the payment of a discount or a reasonable service charge for a credit card payment in addition to the fee or the fine.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.577(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.23, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.066.  Service Of Process; Service Of Documents On Board.

Legal process and documents required by law to be served on or filed with the board must be served on or filed with the chief administrator at the designated office of the board.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.579, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.24, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.067.  Board Records; Evidence.

An official record of the board or an affidavit by the chief administrator as to the content of the record is prima facie evidence of a matter required to be kept by the board.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.580, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.25, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.068.  Appeal Bond Not Required.

The board is not required to give an appeal bond in any cause arising under this chapter.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.581, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.26, eff. September 1, 2009.



Subchapter E. Public Interest Information And Complaint Procedures

Section 1702.081.  Public Interest Information.

(a) The board shall prepare information of interest to consumers or recipients of services regulated under this chapter describing the board's regulatory functions and the procedures by which complaints are filed with and resolved by the board.

(b)  The board shall make the information available to the public and appropriate state agencies.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.583, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.27, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.082.  Complaints.

(a) The board shall maintain a system to promptly and efficiently act on complaints filed with the board.  The board shall maintain information about parties to the complaint,  the subject matter of the complaint,  a summary of the results of the review or investigation of the complaint, and its disposition.

(b)  The board shall make information available describing its procedures for complaint investigation and resolution.

(c)  The board shall periodically notify the complaint parties of the status of the complaint until final disposition.

(d)  Repealed by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.28, eff. September 1, 2009.

(e)  On written request, the department shall inform the person filing the complaint and each person who is a subject of the complaint of the status of the investigation unless the information would jeopardize an ongoing investigation.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.584(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.28, eff. September 1, 2009.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4B.03, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.083.  Public Participation.

The board shall develop and implement policies that provide the public with a reasonable opportunity to appear before the board and to speak on any issue under the board's jurisdiction.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.585, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.29, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.084.  Public Access To Certain Records Of Disciplinary Actions.

(a) The board shall make available to the public through a toll-free telephone number, Internet website, or other easily accessible medium determined by the board the following information relating to a disciplinary action taken during the preceding three years regarding a person regulated by the board:

(1)  the identity of the person;

(2)  the nature of the complaint that was the basis of the disciplinary action taken against the person; and

(3)  the disciplinary action taken by the board.

(b)  In providing the information, the board shall present the information in an impartial manner, use language that is commonly understood, and, if possible, avoid jargon specific to the security industry.

(c)  The board shall update the information on a monthly basis.

(d)  The board shall maintain the confidentiality of information regarding the identification of a complainant.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.586(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.30, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.085.  Confidentiality Of Records.

Records maintained by the department under this chapter on the home address, home telephone number, driver's license number, or social security number of an applicant or a license holder, registrant, or security officer commission holder are confidential and are not subject to mandatory disclosure under Chapter 552, Government Code.

Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 2, eff. September 1, 2007.



Subchapter F. Licensing And Duties Of Investigations Companies And Security Services Contractors

Section  1702.101.  Investigations Company License Required.

Unless the person holds a license as an investigations company, a person may not:

(1)  act as an investigations company;

(2)  offer to perform the services of an investigations company; or

(3)  engage in business activity for which a license is required under this chapter.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1702.102.  Security Services Contractor License Required; Scope Of License.

(a) Unless the person holds a license as a security services contractor, a person may not:

(1)  act as an alarm systems company, armored car company, courier company, guard company, guard dog company, locksmith company, or private security consultant company;

(2)  offer to perform the services of a company in Subdivision (1); or

(3)  engage in business activity for which a license is required under this chapter.

(b)  A person licensed only as a security services contractor may not conduct an investigation other than an investigation incidental to the loss, misappropriation, or concealment of property that the person has been engaged to protect.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 3, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section  1702.1025.  Electronic Access Control Device Company License Required; Scope Of License.

(a) Unless the person holds a license as an electronic access control device company, a person may not:

(1)  act as an electronic access control device company;

(2)  offer to perform the services of an electronic access control device company; or

(3)  engage in business activity for which a license is required under this chapter.

(b)  A person licensed as an electronic access control device company may not install alarm systems unless otherwise licensed or registered to install alarm systems under this chapter.

Added by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 936, Sec. 3, eff. Jan. 1, 2004.



Section 1702.103.  Classification And Limitation Of Licenses.

(a) The license classifications are:

(1)  Class A: investigations company license, covering operations of an investigations company;

(2)  Class B: security services contractor license, covering operations of a security services contractor;

(3)  Class C: covering the operations included within Class A and Class B;

(4)  Class F: level III training school license;

(5)  Class O: alarm level I training school license;

(6)  Class P: private business letter of authority license;

(7)  Class X: government letter of authority license; and

(8)  Class T: telematics license.

(b)  A license described by this chapter does not authorize the license holder to perform a service for which the license holder has not qualified.  A person may not engage in an operation outside the scope of that person's license.  The board shall indicate on the license the services the license holder is authorized to perform.  The license holder may not perform a service unless it is indicated on the license.

(c)  A license is not assignable unless the assignment is approved in advance by the board.

(d)  The board shall prescribe by rule the procedure under which a license may be terminated.

(e)  The board by rule may establish other license classifications for activities expressly regulated by this chapter and may establish qualifications and practice requirements consistent with this chapter for those license classifications.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.587, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 936, Sec. 4, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.31, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.104.  Investigations Company.

(a) A person acts as an investigations company for the purposes of this chapter if the person:

(1)  engages in the business of obtaining or furnishing, or accepts employment to obtain or furnish, information related to:

(A)  crime or wrongs done or threatened against a person, state, or the United States;

(B)  the identity, habits, business, occupation, knowledge, efficiency, loyalty, movement, location, affiliations, associations, transactions, acts, reputation, or character of a person;

(C)  the location, disposition, or recovery of lost or stolen property; or

(D)  the cause or responsibility for a fire, libel, loss, accident, damage, or injury to a person or to property;

(2)  engages in the business of securing, or accepts employment to secure, evidence for use before a court, board, officer, or investigating committee;

(3)  engages in the business of securing, or accepts employment to secure, the electronic tracking of the location of an individual or motor vehicle other than for criminal justice purposes by or on behalf of a governmental entity; or

(4)  engages in the business of protecting, or accepts employment to protect, an individual from bodily harm through the use of a personal protection officer.

(b)  For purposes of Subsection (a)(1), obtaining or furnishing information includes information obtained or furnished through the review and analysis of, and the investigation into the content of, computer-based data not available to the public.  The repair or maintenance of a computer does not constitute an investigation for purposes of this section and does not require licensing under this chapter if:

(1)  the review or analysis of computer-based data is performed only to diagnose a computer or software problem;

(2)  there is no intent to obtain or furnish information described by Subsection (a)(1); and

(3)  the discovery of any information described by Subsection (a)(1) is inadvertent.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 4, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.32, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.1045.  Private Security Consulting Company.

A person acts as a private security consulting company for purposes of this chapter if the person:

(1)  consults, advises, trains, or specifies or recommends products, services, methods, or procedures in the security or loss prevention industry;

(2)  provides a service described by Subdivision (1) on an independent basis and without being affiliated with a particular service or product;  and

(3)  meets the experience requirements established by the board.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.626(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Redesignated from Occupations Code, Section 1702.226 and amended by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 11, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section  1702.105.  Alarm Systems Company.

A person acts as an alarm systems company for the purposes of this chapter if the person sells, installs, services, monitors, or responds to an alarm system or detection device.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1702.1055.  Electronic Access Control Device Company.

A person acts as an electronic access control device company for the purposes of this chapter if the person installs or maintains an electronic access control device.

Added by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 936, Sec. 5, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.



Section 1702.1056.  Locksmith Company.

(a) A person acts as a locksmith company for the purposes of this chapter if the person:

(1)  sells, installs, services, or maintains, or offers to sell, install, service, or maintain, mechanical security devices, including deadbolts and locks;

(2)  advertises services offered by the company using the term "locksmith"; or

(3)  includes the term "locksmith" in the company's name.

(b)  This section does not apply to a hotel, as that term is defined by Section 156.001, Tax Code.

Added by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 936, Sec. 5, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1102, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2005.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4B.05, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.106.  Armored Car Company.

A person acts as an armored car company for the purposes of this chapter if the person provides secured and protected transportation of valuables, including money, coins, bullion, securities, bonds, or jewelry.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1702.107.  Courier Company.

A person acts as a courier company for purposes of this chapter if the person transports or offers to transport under armed guard an item that requires expeditious delivery, including a document, map, stock, bond, or check.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1702.108.  Guard Company.

A person acts as a guard company for the purposes of this chapter if the person employs an individual described by Section 1702.323(d) or engages in the business of or undertakes to provide a private watchman, guard, or street patrol service on a contractual basis for another person to:

(1)  prevent entry, larceny, vandalism, abuse, fire, or trespass on private property;

(2)  prevent, observe, or detect unauthorized activity on private property;

(3)  control, regulate, or direct the movement of the public, whether by vehicle or otherwise, only to the extent and for the time directly and specifically required to ensure the protection of property;

(4)  protect an individual from bodily harm including through the use of a personal protection officer; or

(5)  perform a function similar to a function listed in this section.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.588, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  1702.109.  Guard Dog Company.

A person acts as a guard dog company for the purposes of this chapter if the person places, rents, sells, or trains a dog used to:

(1)  protect an individual or property; or

(2)  conduct an investigation.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section 1702.110.  Application For License.

(a) An application for a license under this chapter must be in the form prescribed by the board and include:

(1)  the full name and business address of the applicant;

(2)  the name under which the applicant intends to do business;

(3)  a statement as to the general nature of the business in which the applicant intends to engage;

(4)  a statement as to the classification for which the applicant requests qualification;

(5)  if the applicant is an entity other than an individual, the full name and residence address of each partner, officer who oversees the security-related aspects of the business, and director of the applicant, and of the applicant's manager;

(6)  if the applicant is an individual, two classifiable sets of fingerprints of the applicant or, if the applicant is an entity other than an individual, of each officer who oversees the security-related aspects of the business and of each partner or shareholder who owns at least a 25 percent interest in the applicant;

(7)  a verified statement of the applicant's experience qualifications in the particular classification in which the applicant is applying;

(8)  a report from the department stating the applicant's record of any convictions for a Class B misdemeanor or equivalent offense or a greater offense;

(9)  the social security number of the individual making the application; and

(10)  other information, evidence, statements, or documents required by the board.

(b)  An applicant for a license as a security services contractor shall maintain a physical address within this state and provide that address to the board.  The board shall adopt rules to enable an out-of-state license holder to comply with this subsection.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.589, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4B.06, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.111.  Issuance Of Branch Office License.

(a) A license holder, in accordance with Section 1702.129, shall notify the board in writing of the establishment of a branch office and file in writing with the board the address of the branch office.

(b)  On application by a license holder, the board shall issue a branch office license.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.590, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.33, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.112.  Form Of License.

The board shall prescribe the form of a license, including a branch office license.  The license must include:

(1)  the name of the license holder;

(2)  the name under which the license holder is to operate;

(3)  the license number and the date the license was issued; and

(4)  a photograph of the license holder, affixed to the license at the time the license is issued by the board.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.591, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4B.07, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.113.  General Qualifications For License, Certificate Of Registration, Or Security Officer Commission.

(a) An applicant for a license, certificate of registration, endorsement, or security officer commission or the applicant's manager must be at least 18 years of age and must not:

(1)   at the time of application be charged with the commission of a Class A misdemeanor or felony offense, under an information or indictment;

(2)  have been found by a court to be incompetent by reason of a mental defect or disease and not have been restored to competency;

(3)  have been dishonorably discharged from the United States armed services, discharged from the United States armed services under other conditions determined by the board to be prohibitive, or dismissed from the United States armed services if a commissioned officer in the United States armed services; or

(4)  be required to register in this or any other state as a sex offender, unless the applicant is approved by the board under Section 1702.3615.

(b)  An applicant is ineligible for a license, certificate of registration, or commission if the applicant has charges pending for or has been convicted in any jurisdiction of a Class B misdemeanor for an offense determined by the board to be disqualifying if the fifth anniversary of the date of conviction has not occurred before the date of application, unless a full pardon has been granted for reasons relating to a wrongful conviction.

(c)  For purposes of this section, an offense under the laws of this state, another state, or the United States is considered  a Class B misdemeanor if the offense is not a felony or Class A misdemeanor and the offense:

(1)  at the time of conviction was designated by a law of this state as a Class B misdemeanor;

(2)  contains all the elements of an offense designated by a law of this state as a Class B misdemeanor; or

(3)  provides as a possible punishment confinement in a jail other than a state jail felony facility.

(d)  For purposes of this section, "convicted" has the meaning provided in Section 1702.371.

(e)  Repealed by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.102(7), eff. September 1, 2009.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.592(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 5, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.34, eff. September 1, 2009.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.102(7), eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.114.  Additional Qualifications For Investigations Company License.

(a) An applicant for a license to engage in the business of an investigations company or the applicant's manager must have, before the date of the application, three consecutive years' experience in the investigative field as an employee, manager, or owner of an investigations company or satisfy other requirements set by the board.

(b)  The applicant's experience must be:

(1)  reviewed by the board or the chief administrator; and

(2)  determined to be adequate to qualify the applicant to engage in the business of an investigations company.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.593, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.35, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.115.  Additional Qualifications For Security Services Contractor License.

(a) An applicant for a license to engage in the business of a security services contractor or the applicant's manager must have, before the date of the application, two consecutive years' experience in each security services field for which the person applies as an employee, manager, or owner of a security services contractor or satisfy other requirements set by the board.

(b)  The applicant's experience must have been obtained legally and must be:

(1)  reviewed by the board or the chief administrator; and

(2)  determined to be adequate to qualify the applicant to engage in the business of a security services contractor.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.594, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.36, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.116.  Qualifications For Guard Dog Company License; Inspections.

(a) An applicant for a license to engage in the business of a guard dog company must:

(1)  meet the requirements of Sections 1702.113 and 1702.115; and

(2)  present evidence satisfactory to the board that the applicant will comply with the rules adopted under this section.

(b)  After consulting the Department of State Health Services, the board shall adopt rules to ensure that the areas in which a guard dog company houses, exercises, or trains its animals are securely enclosed by a six-foot chain-link fence or made equally secure.

(c)  The board shall conduct regular inspections to ensure compliance with the rules adopted under this section.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.595, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.37, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.117.  Examination.

(a) The board shall require an applicant for a license under this chapter or the applicant's manager to demonstrate qualifications in the person's license classification, including knowledge of applicable state laws and board rules, by taking an examination to be determined by the board.

(b)  Payment of the application fee entitles the applicant or the applicant's manager to take one examination without additional charge. A person who fails the examination must pay a reexamination fee to take a subsequent examination.

(c)  The board shall set the reexamination fee in an amount not to exceed the amount of the renewal fee for the license classification for which application was made.

(d)  The board shall develop and provide to a person who applies to take the examination under Subsection (a) material containing all applicable state laws and board rules.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.596(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.38, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.118.  Examination Results.

(a) Not later than the 30th day after the date a person takes a licensing examination under this chapter, the board shall notify the person of the examination results.

(b)  If an examination is graded or reviewed by a testing service:

(1)  the board shall notify the person of the examination results not later than the 14th day after the date the board receives the results from the testing service; and

(2)  if notice of the examination results will be delayed for longer than 90 days after the examination date, the board shall notify the person of the reason for the delay before the 90th day.

(c)  The board may require a testing service to notify a person of the results of the person's examination.

(d)  If requested in writing by a person who fails a licensing examination administered under this chapter, the board shall furnish the person with an analysis of the person's performance on the examination.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.597, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.39, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.1183.  Reciprocal License For Certain Foreign Applicants.

(a) The board may waive any prerequisite to obtaining a license for an applicant who holds a license issued by another jurisdiction with which this state has a reciprocity agreement.

(b)  The board may make an agreement, subject to the approval of the governor, with another state to allow for licensing by reciprocity.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.598, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.40, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.1186.  Provisional License.

(a) The board may issue a provisional license to an applicant currently licensed in another jurisdiction who seeks an equivalent license in this state and who:

(1)  has been licensed in good standing as an investigations company or security services contractor for at least two years in another jurisdiction, including a foreign country, that has licensing requirements substantially equivalent to the requirements of this chapter;

(2)  has passed a national or other examination recognized by the board relating to the practice of private investigations or security services contracting; and

(3)  is sponsored by a person licensed by the board under this chapter with whom the provisional license holder will practice during the time the person holds a provisional license.

(b)  A provisional license is valid until the date the board approves or denies the provisional license holder's application for a license.  The board shall issue a license under this chapter to the provisional license holder if:

(1)  the provisional license holder is eligible to be licensed under Section 1702.1183; or

(2)  the provisional license holder:

(A)  passes the part of the examination under Section 1702.117(a) that relates to the applicant's knowledge and understanding of the laws and rules relating to the practice of an investigations company or security services contractor in this state;

(B)  is verified by the board as meeting the academic and experience requirements for a license under this chapter; and

(C)  satisfies any other licensing requirements under this chapter.

(c)  The board must approve or deny a provisional license holder's application for a license not later than the 180th day after the date the provisional license is issued.  The board may extend the 180-day period if the results of an examination have not been received by the board before the end of that period.

(d)  The board may establish a fee for provisional licenses in an amount reasonable and necessary to cover the cost of issuing the license.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.598, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.41, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.119.  Manager Required.

(a) A license holder's business shall be operated under the direction and control of one manager. A license holder may not apply to designate more than one individual to serve as manager of the license holder's business.

(b)  An individual may not act as a manager until the individual has:

(1)  demonstrated the individual's qualifications by passing the written examination required by Section 1702.117(a); and

(2)  made a satisfactory showing to the department that the individual:

(A)  satisfies the requirements of Section 1702.113 and meets all qualification and experience requirements set by rule for a manager of the type of company for which the individual is applying; and

(B)  has not engaged in conduct regarding a violation or conviction that is grounds for disciplinary action under Section 1702.361(b) or 1702.3615(a).

(c)  If a manager lacks the experience to qualify to manage each category of service included in a license or application, the license holder must designate a supervisor qualified under Subsection (b) who is responsible for each service for which the manager is not qualified.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.599(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 6, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section  1702.120.  False Application Of Manager.

(a) An individual may not:

(1)  serve as manager of an investigations company, guard company, alarm systems company, armored car company, courier company, or guard dog company; and

(2)  fail to maintain that supervisory position on a daily basis for that company.

(b)  An individual may not apply to the board to serve as manager of an investigations company, guard company, alarm systems company, armored car company, courier company, or guard dog company without the intent to maintain that supervisory position on a daily basis for that company.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.600, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.42, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.121.  Termination Of Manager.

(a) A license holder shall notify the board in writing not later than the 14th day after the date a manager ceases to be manager of the license holder's business.  The license remains in effect for a reasonable period after notice is given as provided by board rule pending the board's determination of the qualification of another manager under this subchapter.

(b)  A manager shall be immediately terminated on the effective date of any summary action taken against the manager.  Any period of temporary operation authorized under this section or Section 1702.122 starts on the date of termination.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.601, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4B.08, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.122.  Temporary Continuation Of License Holder's Business.

Under the terms provided by board rule, a license holder's business may continue for a temporary period if the individual on the basis of whose qualifications a license under this chapter has been obtained ceases to be connected with the license holder.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.602, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.43, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.123.  Insurance; Bond.

(a) A license holder shall maintain on file with the board at all times the surety bond and certificate of insurance required by this chapter.

(b)  The board shall immediately suspend the license of a license holder who violates Subsection (a).

(c)  The board may rescind the license suspension if the license holder provides proof to the board that the bond or the insurance coverage is still in effect.  The license holder must provide the proof in a form satisfactory to the board not later than the 10th day after the date the license is suspended.

(d)  After suspension of the license, the board may not reinstate the license until an application, in the form prescribed by the board, is filed accompanied by a proper bond, insurance certificate, or both.  The board may deny the application notwithstanding the applicant's compliance with this section:

(1)  for a reason that would justify suspending, revoking, or denying a license; or

(2)  if, during the suspension, the applicant performs a practice for which a license is required.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.603, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.44, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.124.  Insurance Requirement.

(a) An applicant is not eligible for a license unless the applicant provides as part of the application:

(1)  a certificate of insurance or other documentary evidence of a general liability insurance policy countersigned by an insurance agent licensed in this state; or

(2)  a certificate of insurance for surplus lines coverage obtained under Chapter 981, Insurance Code, through a licensed Texas surplus lines agent resident in this state.

(b)  The general liability insurance policy must be conditioned to pay on behalf of the license holder damages that the license holder becomes legally obligated to pay because of bodily injury, property damage, or personal injury, caused by an event involving the principal, or an officer, agent, or employee of the principal, in the conduct of any activity or service for which the license holder is licensed under this chapter.

(c)  The insurance policy must contain minimum limits of:

(1)  $100,000 for each occurrence for bodily injury and property damage;

(2)  $50,000 for each occurrence for personal injury; and

(3)  a total aggregate amount of $200,000 for all occurrences.

(d)  A person who is licensed to install and service fire alarms under Article 5.43-2, Insurance Code, complies with the insurance requirements of this section by complying with the insurance requirement of that article if the insurance held by the applicant complies with the requirements of this section in amounts and types of coverage.

(e)  An insurance certificate executed and filed with the department under this chapter remains in effect until the insurer terminates future liability by providing to the department at least 10 days' notice of the intent to terminate liability.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.604, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 936, Sec. 6, eff. Sept. 1, 2003; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1276, Sec. 10A.546, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 7, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section 1702.125.  Bond Requirement.

A bond executed and filed with the board under this chapter remains in effect until the surety terminates future liability by providing to the board at least 30 days' notice of the intent to terminate liability.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.605, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.45, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.127.  License Holder Employees; Records.

(a) A license holder may be legally responsible for the conduct in the license holder's business of each employee of the license holder while the employee is performing assigned duties for the license holder.

(b)  A license holder shall maintain a record containing information related to the license holder's employees as required by the board.

(c)  A license holder shall maintain for inspection by the department at the license holder's principal place of business or branch office two recent color photographs, of a type required by the board, of each applicant, registrant, commissioned security officer, and employee of the license holder.

(d)  A license holder shall maintain records required under this chapter at a physical address within this state and provide that address to the board.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.607, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4B.09, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.128.  Posting Of License Required.

A license holder shall at all times post:

(1)  the person's license in a conspicuous place in the principal place of business of the license holder; and

(2)  each branch office license in a conspicuous place in each branch office of the license holder.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section 1702.129.  Notice Of Certain Changes; Branch Offices.

(a) A license holder shall notify the board not later than the 14th day after the date of:

(1)  a change of address for the license holder's principal place of business;

(2)  a change of a name under which the license holder does business; or

(3)  a change in the license holder's officers or partners.

(b)  A license holder shall notify the board in writing not later than the 14th day after the date a branch office:

(1)  is established;

(2)  is closed; or

(3)  changes address or location.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.608, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.46, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.130.  Use Of Certain Titles, Uniforms, Insignia, Or Identifications Prohibited.

(a) A license holder, or an officer, director, partner, manager, or employee of a license holder, may not:

(1)  use a title, an insignia, or an identification card, wear a uniform, or make a statement with the intent to give an impression that the person is connected with the federal government, a state government, or a political subdivision of a state government; or

(2)  use a title, an insignia, or an identification card or wear a uniform containing the designation "police."

(b)  Subsection (a) does not prohibit a commissioned security officer employed by a political subdivision of this state from using a title, insignia, or identification card, wearing a uniform, or making a statement indicating the employment of that individual by the political subdivision.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section 1702.131.  Advertising.

An advertisement by a license holder soliciting or advertising business must contain the license holder's company name and address as stated in board records.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.609, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.47, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.132.  Reports To Employer Or Client.

(a) A written report submitted to a license holder's employer or client may only be submitted by the license holder or manager or a person authorized by a license holder or manager. The person submitting the report shall exercise diligence in determining whether the information in the report is correct.

(b)  A license holder or an officer, director, partner, manager, or employee of a license holder may not knowingly make a false report to the employer or client for whom information is obtained.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1702.133.  Confidentiality; Information Relating To Criminal Offense.

(a) A license holder or an officer, director, partner, or manager of a license holder may not disclose to another information obtained by the person for an employer or client except:

(1)  at the direction of the employer or client; or

(2)  as required by state law or court order.

(b)  A license holder or an officer, director, partner, or manager of a license holder shall disclose to a law enforcement officer or a district attorney, or that individual's representative, information the person obtains that relates to a criminal offense.  A private investigator who is working under the direct supervision of a licensed attorney satisfies this requirement by disclosing the information to the supervising attorney.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 8, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section  1702.134.  License Holder Exemptions From Certain Local Regulations.

(a) A license holder or an employee of a license holder is not required to obtain an authorization, permit, franchise, or license from, pay another fee or franchise tax to, or post a bond in a municipality, county, or other political subdivision of this state to engage in business or perform a service authorized under this chapter.

(b)  A municipality, county, or other political subdivision of this state may not require a payment for the use of municipal, county, or other public facilities in connection with a business or service provided by a license holder, except that a municipality may impose and collect:

(1)  a reasonable charge for the use of a central alarm installation located in a police office that is owned, operated, or monitored by the municipality; and

(2)  reasonable inspection and reinspection fees in connection with a device that causes at least five false alarms in a 12-month period.

(c)  A municipality may require, until the device is repaired to the satisfaction of the appropriate municipal official, discontinuation of service of an alarm signal device that, because of mechanical malfunction or faulty equipment, causes at least five false alarms in a 12-month period.

(d)  For the purposes of Subsection (c), a false alarm caused by human error or an act of God is not considered a mechanical malfunction or faulty equipment.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Subchapter G. Security Officer Commission Requirements

Section  1702.161.  Security Officer Commission Required.

(a) An individual may not accept employment as a security officer to carry a firearm in the course and scope of the individual's duties unless the individual holds a security officer commission.

(b)  An individual employed as a security officer may not knowingly carry a firearm during the course of performing duties as a security officer unless the board has issued a security officer commission to the individual.

(c)  A person may not hire or employ an individual as a security officer to carry a firearm in the course and scope of the individual's duties unless the individual holds a security officer commission.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.610, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.48, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.162.  Employer's Application For Security Officer Commission.

The employer of a security officer who applies for a security officer commission for the officer must submit an application to the board on a form provided by the board.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.611, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.49, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.163.  Qualifications For Security Officer Commission.

(a) An applicant employed by a license holder is not eligible for a security officer commission unless the applicant submits as part of the application satisfactory evidence that the applicant has:

(1)  completed the basic training course at a school or under an instructor approved by the board;

(2)  met each qualification established by this chapter and administrative rule;

(3)  achieved the score required by the board on the examination under Section 1702.1685; and

(4)  demonstrated to the satisfaction of the firearm training instructor that the applicant has complied with other board standards for minimum marksmanship competency with a handgun.

(b)  An individual is not eligible for a security officer commission if the individual:

(1)  is disqualified by state or federal law from owning or possessing a firearm;

(2)  is incapable of exercising sound judgment in the proper use and storage of a handgun;

(3)  is a fugitive from justice for a felony or a Class A or Class B misdemeanor;

(4)  is a chemically dependent person; or

(5)  is currently restricted under a court protective order or subject to a restraining order affecting the spousal relationship, other than a restraining order solely affecting property interests.

(c)  An individual who has been convicted twice in the 10-year period preceding the date on which the person applies for a security officer commission of an offense of the grade of Class B misdemeanor or greater that involves the use of alcohol or a controlled substance as a statutory element of the offense is a chemically dependent person for purposes of this section and is not qualified to receive a security officer commission under this subchapter.  This subsection does not preclude the disqualification of an individual for being a chemically dependent person if other evidence exists to demonstrate that the person is a chemically dependent person.

(d)  For purposes of Subsection (b)(2), a person is incapable of exercising sound judgment with respect to the proper use and storage of a handgun if the person:

(1)  has been diagnosed by a licensed physician as suffering from a psychiatric disorder or condition that causes or is likely to cause substantial impairment in judgment, mood, perception, impulse control, or intellectual ability;

(2)  suffers from a psychiatric disorder or condition described by Subdivision (1) that:

(A)  is in remission but is reasonably likely to redevelop at a future time; or

(B)  requires continuous medical treatment to avoid redevelopment;

(3)  has been diagnosed by a licensed physician or declared by a court as incompetent to manage the person's own affairs; or

(4)  has entered a plea of not guilty by reason of insanity in a criminal proceeding.

(d-1)  For the purposes of determining eligibility under Subsection (b)(2), the department may require the applicant to authorize the release to the department of any relevant medical records.

(e)  The following constitutes evidence that a person has a psychiatric disorder or condition described by Subsection (d)(1):

(1)  involuntary psychiatric hospitalization in the five years preceding the date of the application;

(2)  psychiatric hospitalization in the two years preceding the date of the application;

(3)  inpatient or residential substance abuse treatment in the five years preceding the date of the application;

(4)  diagnosis in the five years preceding the date of the application by a licensed physician that the person is dependent on alcohol, a controlled substance, or a similar substance; or

(5)  diagnosis at any time by a licensed physician that the person suffers or has suffered from a psychiatric disorder or condition consisting of or relating to:

(A)  schizophrenia or delusional disorder;

(B)  bipolar disorder;

(C)  chronic dementia, whether caused by illness, brain defect, or brain injury;

(D)  dissociative identity disorder;

(E)  intermittent explosive disorder; or

(F)  antisocial personality disorder.

(f)  Notwithstanding Subsection (d), a person who has previously been diagnosed as suffering from a psychiatric disorder or condition described by Subsection (d) or listed in Subsection (e) is not because of that disorder or condition incapable of exercising sound judgment with respect to the proper use and storage of a handgun if the person provides the department with a certificate from a licensed physician whose primary practice is in the field of psychiatry stating that the psychiatric disorder or condition is in remission and is not reasonably likely to develop at a future time.

(g)  An individual's eligibility under this section is not affected by a relationship or lack of relationship between the nature of a criminal charge or conviction and the regulated occupation.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.612, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1035, Sec. 1.01, eff. September 1, 2005.

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1278, Sec. 4, eff. September 1, 2005.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 9, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4B.10, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.165.  Issuance Of Security Officer Commission; Pocket Card.

(a) The board, with the concurrence of the department:

(1)  may issue a security officer commission to an individual employed as a uniformed security officer; and

(2)  shall issue a security officer commission to a qualified employee of an armored car company that is a carrier conducting the armored car business under a federal or state permit or certificate.

(b)  A security officer commission issued under this section must be in the form of a pocket card designed by the board that identifies the security officer.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.614, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.50, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.167.  Termination Of Employment As Commissioned Security Officer; Transfer Of Commission.

The holder of a security officer commission who terminates employment with one employer may transfer the individual's commission to a new employer if, not later than the 14th day after the date the individual begins the new employment, the new employer notifies the board of the transfer of employment on a form prescribed by the board, accompanied by payment of the employee information update fee.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.616(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.51, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.1675.  Training Programs.

(a) The board shall establish a basic training course for commissioned security officers.  The course must include, at a minimum:

(1)  general security officer training issues;

(2)  classroom instruction on handgun proficiency; and

(3)  range instruction on handgun proficiency.

(b)  The course must be offered and taught by schools and instructors approved by the board.  To receive board approval, a school or an instructor must submit an application to the board on a form provided by the board.

(c)  The basic training course approved by the board must consist of a minimum of 30 hours.

(d)  The general security officer training portion of the course must include instruction on:

(1)  board rules and applicable state laws;

(2)  field note taking and report writing; and

(3)  any other topics of security officer training curriculum the board considers necessary.

(e)  The board shall develop a commissioned security officer training manual that contains applicable state laws and board rules to be used in the instruction and training of commissioned security officers.

(f)  The board shall adopt rules necessary to administer the provisions of this section concerning the training requirements of this chapter.

(g)  The handgun proficiency course must include at least 10 hours and not more than 15 hours of instruction on:

(1)  the laws that relate to weapons and to the use of deadly force;

(2)  handgun use, proficiency, and safety;

(3)  nonviolent dispute resolution; and

(4)  proper storage practices for handguns, with an emphasis on storage practices that eliminate the possibility of accidental injury to a child.

(h)  The range instruction on handgun proficiency must include an actual demonstration by the applicant of the applicant's ability to safely and proficiently use a handgun. The applicant must demonstrate, at a minimum, the degree of proficiency that is required to effectively operate a 9-millimeter or .38-caliber handgun.

(i)  The board by rule shall establish minimum standards for handgun proficiency that are at least as stringent as the standards for handgun proficiency developed by the public safety director under Section 411.188, Government Code.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.617, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.52, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.168.  Firearm Requirements.

(a) In addition to the requirements of Section 1702.163(a), the board by rule shall establish other qualifications for individuals who are employed in positions requiring the carrying of firearms.  The qualifications may include:

(1)  physical and mental standards;

(2)  standards of good moral character; and

(3)  other requirements that relate to the competency and reliability of individuals to carry firearms.

(b)  The board shall prescribe appropriate forms and adopt rules by which evidence is presented that the requirements are fulfilled.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.618, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.53, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.1685.  Handgun Proficiency Examination.

(a) The proficiency examination required to obtain or renew a security officer commission must include:

(1)  a written section on the subjects listed in Section 1702.1675(g); and

(2)  a physical demonstration of handgun proficiency that meets the minimum standards established under Section 1702.1675(h) or (i).

(b)  Only a board-approved instructor may administer the handgun proficiency examination.

(c)  An applicant for a security officer commission must demonstrate the required proficiency within the 90-day period before the date the security officer commission is issued.

(d)  The school shall maintain the records of the required proficiency and make the records available for inspection by the board.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.619, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.54, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.169.  Firearm Restrictions.

A commissioned security officer other than a person acting as a personal protection officer may not carry a firearm unless:

(1)  the security officer is:

(A)  engaged in the performance of duties as a security officer; or

(B)  traveling to or from the place of assignment;

(2)  the security officer wears a distinctive uniform indicating that the individual is a security officer;  and

(3)  the firearm is in plain view.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1048, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section  1702.170.  Nonapplicability Of Firearm Restrictions. Sections

1702.161, 1702.169, and 1702.206 do not apply to the holder of a temporary security officer commission who:

(1)  is in uniform;

(2)  possesses only one firearm; and

(3)  is performing the individual's duties.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section 1702.171.  Security Officer Commission Records.

The board shall adopt rules for the maintenance of records relating to an individual to whom the board has issued a security officer commission.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.620, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.55, eff. September 1, 2009.



Subchapter H. Employment Of Commissioned Security Officer By Certain Persons; Letter Of Authority Requirements

Section  1702.181.  Letter Of Authority Required.

The security department of a private business or a political subdivision may not employ a commissioned security officer unless the security department holds a letter of authority.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section 1702.182.  Security Department Of Private Business.

(a) A security department acts as the security department of a private business if it:

(1)  has as its general purpose the protection and security of its own property and grounds; and

(2)  does not offer or provide security services to another person.

(b)  For purposes of this subchapter, a hospital licensed under Chapter 241 or 577, Health and Safety Code, may provide security services to:

(1)  buildings, grounds, and tenants located on the hospital's property or campus, regardless of who owns the building; and

(2)  a parent entity or member entity of the hospital or hospital corporation, or an affiliated entity or business with whom the hospital shares common ownership or control.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1278, Sec. 5, eff. September 1, 2005.



Section 1702.183.  Application For Letter Of Authority.

A security department of a private business or of a political subdivision that applies for a security officer commission for an individual employed by the security department must submit an application to the board for a letter of authority on a form provided by the board.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.621, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.56, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.184.  Local Regulation Of Certain Security Services For Private Businesses.

(a) Except as provided by Subsection (b), a political subdivision of this state may not require a private business to contract with or employ a peace officer to provide security services for the business.

(b)  This section does not apply to:

(1)  a requirement that a private business contract with or employ a peace officer to:

(A)  provide security services for a public event;

(B)  provide security services for a private event held at a public facility that is owned or leased by a political subdivision of this state;

(C)  conduct a public escort; or

(D)  direct traffic on a public roadway; or

(2)  an order or determination made by a court under Chapter 125, Civil Practice and Remedies Code.

Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 408, Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.



Subchapter I. Personal Protection Officer Endorsement Requirements

Section 1702.201.  Personal Protection Officer Endorsement Required.

An individual may not act as a personal protection officer unless the individual holds a personal protection officer endorsement.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4B.11, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.202.  Personal Protection Officer.

An individual acts as a personal protection officer if the individual, while carrying a firearm,  provides to another individual personal protection from bodily harm.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4B.12, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.203.  Application For Personal Protection Officer Endorsement.

An applicant for a personal protection officer endorsement must submit a written application on a form prescribed by the board.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.622, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.58, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.204.  Personal Protection Officer Endorsement; Qualifications.

(a) An applicant for a personal protection officer endorsement must be at least 21 years of age and must provide:

(1)  a certificate of completion of the basic security officer training course;

(2)  proof that the applicant:

(A)  has been issued a security officer commission;

(B)  is employed at the time of application by an investigations company or guard company licensed by the board; and

(C)  has completed the required training in nonlethal self-defense or defense of a third person; and

(3)  proof of completion and the results of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory psychological testing.

(b)  The board by rule shall require an applicant for a personal protection officer endorsement to complete the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory test. The board may use the results of the test to evaluate the applicant's psychological fitness.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.623, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.59, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.205.  Personal Protection Officer Training.

(a) The board shall establish a 15-hour course for a personal protection officer consisting of training in nonlethal self-defense or defense of a third person.

(b)  The training required by this section is in addition to the basic training course for security officers.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.624, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.60, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.206.  Limited Authority To Carry Firearms.

(a) An individual acting as a personal protection officer may not carry a firearm unless the officer:

(1)  is either:

(A)  engaged in the exclusive performance of the officer's duties as a personal protection officer for the employer under whom the officer's personal protection officer endorsement is issued; or

(B)  traveling to or from the officer's place of assignment; and

(2)  carries the officer's security officer commission and personal protection officer endorsement on the officer's person while performing the officer's duties or traveling as described by Subdivision (1) and presents the commission and endorsement on request.

(b)  An individual who is acting as a personal protection officer and is wearing the uniform of a security officer, including any uniform or apparel described by Section 1702.323(d), may not conceal any firearm the individual is carrying and shall carry the firearm in plain view.  An individual who is acting as a personal protection officer and is not wearing the uniform of a security officer shall conceal the firearm.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1048, Sec. 2, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4B.13, eff. September 1, 2009.



Subchapter J. Registration And Endorsement Requirements; Duties Of Registrant And Endorsement Holder

Section 1702.221.  Registration And Endorsement Required.

(a) To perform any activity regulated by this chapter, the individual must:

(1)  register in accordance with the requirements of this chapter and related administrative rules;

(2)  obtain the proper endorsement under Subsection (b); and

(3)  be employed by a company licensed under this chapter.

(b)  An individual must obtain the appropriate endorsement in accordance with the requirements of this chapter and related administrative rules if the individual:

(1)  is employed as:

(A)  an alarm instructor;

(B)  an alarm systems installer;

(C)  an alarm systems monitor;

(D)  an electronic access control device installer;

(E)  a level 3 classroom or firearm instructor;

(F)  a locksmith;

(G)  a dog trainer;

(H)  a manager or branch office manager;

(I)  a noncommissioned security officer;

(J)  a level 4 personal protection instructor;

(K)  a private investigator;

(L)  a private security consultant;

(M)  a security salesperson; or

(N)  an individual whose duties include performing another activity for which an endorsement is required under Subsection (e); or

(2)  is an owner who oversees the security-related aspects of the business, officer, partner, or shareholder of a license holder.

(c)  Registration and endorsement under this chapter does not preclude an individual from performing additional duties or services authorized by the individual's employer that are not regulated by this chapter.  An individual who performs more than one of the services that require an endorsement under this section must obtain an endorsement for each service.

(d)  In addition to the services listed in Subsection (b), a person holding a security officer commission must also obtain an endorsement for personal protection if the individual performs the services described by Section 1702.202.

(e)  The board by rule may require a person to hold an endorsement for performing other activity expressly regulated by this chapter.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.625, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 936, Sec. 7, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 10, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.61, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.222.  Security Officer.

An individual acts as a security officer for purposes of this chapter if the individual is:

(1)  employed by a security services contractor or the security department of a private business; and

(2)  employed to perform the duties of an alarm systems response runner who responds to the first signal of entry, a security guard, security watchman, security patrolman, armored car guard, or courier guard.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1702.2226.  Electronic Access Control Device Installer.

(a) An individual acts as an electronic access control device installer for purposes of this chapter if the individual installs, maintains, or repairs an electronic access control device.

(b)  A person registered as an electronic access control device installer may not install alarm systems unless the person holds an endorsement under this chapter as an alarm systems installer.

Added by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 936, Sec. 9, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.62, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.2227.  Locksmith.

(a) An individual acts as a locksmith for the purposes of this chapter if the person:

(1)  sells, installs, services, or maintains mechanical security devices, including deadbolts and locks; or

(2)  advertises or offers services to the public or represents to the public that the person is a locksmith.

(b)  This section does not apply to a hotel, as that term is defined by Section 156.001, Tax Code.

Added by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 936, Sec. 9, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1102, Sec. 2, eff. September 1, 2005.



Section  1702.223.  Alarm Systems Installer.

(a) An individual acts as an alarm systems installer for purposes of this chapter if the individual installs, maintains, or repairs an alarm system or detection device.

(b)  An alarm systems installer may install, maintain, or repair an electronic access control device.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 936, Sec. 11, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.



Section  1702.224.  Alarm Systems Monitor.

(a) An individual acts as an alarm systems monitor for purposes of this chapter if the individual monitors an alarm system or detection device.

(b)  This section does not apply to an individual employed exclusively and regularly by an employer, other than a license holder, in connection with the affairs of that employer and with whom the individual has an employee-employer relationship.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1702.225.  Dog Trainer.

An individual acts as a dog trainer for purposes of this chapter if the individual, as the employee of a licensed guard dog company or investigations company, trains a dog used to protect persons or property or to conduct investigations.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1702.227.  Security Salesperson.

An individual acts as a security salesperson for purposes of this chapter if the individual is employed by a security services contractor to sell services offered by the contractor.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section 1702.228.  Employee Of License Holder; Registration Permitted.

An employee of a license holder who is employed in a capacity that is not subject to mandatory registration under this subchapter may register with the board.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.627, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.64, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.229.  Qualifications For Registration.

(a) An applicant for registration must meet the qualifications required under Section 1702.113 for a license applicant.

(b)  In accordance with the requirements of Section 1702.0611, the board by rule may adopt additional qualifications for an individual to be registered under this subchapter.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.628, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 12, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section 1702.230.  Application For Registration Or Endorsement.

(a) An application for registration or endorsement must be verified and include:

(1)  the applicant's full name, residence address, residence telephone number, date and place of birth, and social security number;

(2)  a statement that:

(A)  lists each name used by the applicant, other than the name by which the applicant is known at the time of application, and an explanation stating each place where each name was used, the date of each use, and a full explanation of the reasons the name was used; or

(B)  states that the applicant has never used a name other than the name by which the applicant is known at the time of application;

(3)  the name and address of the applicant's employer and, if applicable, the applicant's consulting firm;

(4)  the date the employment commenced;

(5)  a letter from the license holder requesting that the applicant be registered or endorsed;

(6)  the title of the position occupied by the applicant and a description of the applicant's duties; and

(7)  any other information, evidence, statement, or document required by the board.

(b)  The employer of the applicant shall make a reasonable attempt to verify the information required under Subsection (a)(1) before the earlier of:

(1)  the date the application is submitted; or

(2)  the date the applicant begins to perform the duties of employment that require registration.

(c)  An applicant must submit an application that substantially meets the requirements of this section before employment in a capacity for which registration is required.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.629, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.65, eff. September 1, 2009.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.66, eff. September 1, 2009.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4B.14, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.2305.  Provisional Registration.

(a) The board may issue a provisional registration to an applicant currently registered in another jurisdiction who seeks an equivalent registration in this state and who:

(1)  has been registered in good standing in the field in which the registration is sought for at least two years in another jurisdiction, including a foreign country, that has registration requirements substantially equivalent to the requirements of this chapter;

(2)  has passed a national or other examination recognized by the board relating to practice in the field in which the registration is sought; and

(3)  is employed by a person licensed by the board under this chapter with whom the provisional registration holder will practice during the time the person holds a provisional registration.

(b)  A provisional registration is valid until the date the board approves or denies the provisional registration holder's application for a registration.  The board shall issue a registration under this chapter to the provisional registration holder if the provisional registration holder is eligible to be registered under this chapter.

(c)  The board must approve or deny a provisional registration holder's application for a registration not later than the 180th day after the date the provisional registration is issued.  The board may extend the 180-day period if the results of an examination have not been received by the board before the end of that period.

(d)  The board may establish a fee for provisional registration in an amount reasonable and necessary to cover the cost of issuing the registration.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.630(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.67, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.232.  Pocket Cards.

(a) The board shall issue a pocket card for each registrant under this chapter.  A pocket card for an owner, officer, partner, or shareholder of a license holder shall be issued to the license holder.

(b)  The board shall determine the size, design, and content of the pocket card.

(c)  The pocket card must:

(1)  state the name of the registrant;

(2)  contain a color photograph, affixed to the pocket card by the board at the time the card is issued, and the signature of the registrant;

(3)  state the date the card was issued and the card's expiration date; and

(4)  state each endorsement held by the registrant and the date the endorsement expires.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.632, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.68, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.233.  Duration Of Pocket Cards.

A pocket card issued for a registrant is valid for two years and expires on the date the registration expires under Section 1702.301(d), (e), or (f).

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.633, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section 1702.234.  Registration And Endorsement Transfer.

A registrant may transfer the registrant's registration and endorsements from one employer to another employer if, not later than the 14th day after the date the registrant begins the new employment, the new employer notifies the board of the transfer of employment on a form prescribed by the board accompanied by payment of the employee information update fee.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.634(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.69, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.235.  Preemployment Check For Noncommissioned Security Officers.

A person may not hire a noncommissioned security officer unless the person conducts a preemployment check as required by board rule.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.635, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.70, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.236.  Examination And Training Requirements For Electronic Access Control Device Installers.

(a) The board shall require an individual who applies for an endorsement as an electronic access control device installer to pass an examination given by the board or a person approved by the board.  The examination must cover material related to access control.

(b)  On and after September 1, 2005, the board by rule may allow an electronic access control device installer to obtain or renew an endorsement by fulfilling the requirements of a board-approved, industry-based educational training program.

Added by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 936, Sec. 10, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.71, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.239.  Training Requirements For Alarm Systems Installer And Security Salesperson; Examination.

(a) The board may require that an individual employed as an alarm systems installer or security salesperson hold a certification by a board-approved training program to renew an endorsement.  The board may approve only nationally recognized training programs that consist of at least 16 hours of classroom study in the areas of work allowed by the endorsement.  To be approved, a training program must offer at least two certification programs each year, sufficient to complete the requirements of this subsection, within 100 miles of each county in the state that has a population of more than 500,000.

(b)  The board may require an individual who has completed a training program under Subsection (a) to pass an examination given by the board or by a person approved by the board. The board may approve examinations in conjunction with training programs approved under Subsection (a).  The individual's performance on the examination must demonstrate the individual's qualifications to perform the duties allowed by the individual's endorsement.

(c)  An individual who holds a registration on September 30, 1993, is not required to comply with requirements adopted under Subsections (a) and (b) during the time the individual maintains the registration with the individual's current license holder.

(d)  If the board requires certification or examination under this section, the board shall implement rules to require that to renew an endorsement, an individual who is employed as an alarm systems installer or a security salesperson and who has already once renewed the endorsement must obtain continuing education credits related to the line of work for which the individual is licensed.  If the board requires the continuing education, the chief administrator must approve classes offered by nationally recognized organizations, and participants in the classes must qualify according to board rules.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.639, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 936, Sec. 12, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.72, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.240.  Registration Exemptions For Undercover Agent.

(a) For the purposes of this section, "undercover agent" means an individual hired by a person to perform a job in or for that person, and while performing that job, to act as an undercover agent, an employee, or an independent contractor of a license holder, but supervised by a license holder.

(b)  An employee of a license holder who is employed exclusively as an undercover agent is not required to register with the board.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.640, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.73, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.241.  Jurisprudence Examination.

(a) The board may develop and administer at least twice each calendar year a jurisprudence examination to determine the knowledge that an applicant for an endorsement has of this chapter, board rules, and any other applicable laws of this state affecting the applicant's activities regulated under this chapter.

(b)  Before the board may administer a jurisprudence examination under this section, the board shall adopt rules to implement this section, including rules related to the development and administration of the examination, examination fees, guidelines for reexamination, grading the examination, and providing notice of examination results.  The board may design different examinations for different types of endorsements.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.74, eff. September 1, 2009.



Subchapter L. General Provisions Applicable To Regulated Persons

Section  1702.282.  Criminal History Check.

(a) The board shall conduct a criminal history check, including a check of any criminal history record information maintained by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, in the manner provided by Subchapter F, Chapter 411, Government Code, on each applicant for a license, registration, security officer commission, letter of approval, permit, endorsement, or certification.  As part of its criminal history check, the board may request that the applicant provide certified copies of relevant court documents or other records.  The failure to provide the requested records within a reasonable time as determined by the board may result in the application being considered incomplete.  An applicant is not eligible for a license, registration, commission, letter of approval, permit, endorsement, or certification if the check reveals that the applicant has committed an act that constitutes grounds for the denial of the license, registration, commission, letter of approval, permit, endorsement, or certification.  Except as provided by Subsection (d), each applicant shall include in the application two complete sets of fingerprints on forms prescribed by the board accompanied by the fee set by the board.

(b)  Before beginning employment as a commissioned security officer, the applicant must be approved by the board based on the results of the check under Subsection (a).  To continue employment in a capacity regulated under this chapter other than as a commissioned security officer, the applicant must be approved by the board based on the results of the check under Subsection (a) not later than the 120th day after the date the applicant begins employment in that capacity.

(c)  A license, registration, security officer commission, letter of approval, permit, endorsement, or certification issued by the board is conditional on the board's receipt of criminal history record information.

(d)  An applicant who is a peace officer is not required to submit fingerprints with the applicant's application.  On request, the law enforcement agency or other entity that employs the peace officer or the entity that maintains the peace officer's fingerprints shall provide the fingerprints for the peace officer to the board.  The applicant shall provide sufficient information to the board to enable the board to obtain the fingerprints under this subsection.

(e)  On receipt of notice that a check of the applicant's criminal record has uncovered an unresolved and potentially disqualifying arrest that occurred before the 10th anniversary of the date the application is filed, the applicant must provide a letter of reference from the county sheriff, prosecuting attorney, or judge of the county in which the applicant was arrested stating that a record of a disposition related to the arrest does not exist, and to the best of the county sheriff's, prosecuting attorney's, or judge's knowledge the applicant is free of any disqualifying convictions.  If the applicant fails to provide either the letter of reference or documentary proof of the final disposition of the arrest, the application is considered incomplete and the applicant may not be issued a license, commission, endorsement, or certificate of registration under this chapter.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.645(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1035, Sec. 1.02, eff. September 1, 2005.

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1278, Sec. 6, eff. September 1, 2005.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 13, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.75, eff. September 1, 2009.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4B.15, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.283.  Cruelty To Animals.

A person who has been convicted of cruelty to animals under Section 42.09 or 42.092, Penal Code:

(1)  is ineligible for a license as a guard dog company or for endorsement as a dog trainer; and

(2)  may not be employed to work with dogs as a security officer by a security services contractor or security department of a private business that uses dogs to protect individuals or property or to conduct investigations.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 886, Sec. 6, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.76, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.284.  Alarm Systems Records Confidential.

(a) Information contained in alarm systems records maintained by a governmental body that concerns the location of an alarm system, the name of the occupant of an alarm system location, or the type of alarm system used is confidential and may be disclosed only to the board, to the alarm company to which the confidential records relate, or as otherwise required by state law or court order.

(b)  Information described by Subsection (a) may be used by the governmental body to inform the occupant of:

(1)  the governmental body's alarm system response policy and any proposed change to that policy; and

(2)  the option of the occupant to contract with a security services provider to respond to the occupant's alarm.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.646, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 232, Sec. 2, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 14, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section 1702.285.  False Representation.

A person may not represent falsely that the person:

(1)  is employed by a license holder; or

(2)  is licensed, registered, endorsed, or commissioned under this chapter.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.77, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.286.  Duties Of Alarm Systems Company.

(a) On the installation or activation of an alarm system, an alarm systems company shall distribute to the occupant of the alarm system location information summarizing:

(1)  the applicable law relating to false alarms, including the potential for penalties and revocation or suspension of a permit;

(2)  how to prevent false alarms; and

(3)  how to operate the alarm system.

(b)  An alarm systems company shall notify the municipality in which the alarm system is located of an installation or activation of an alarm system not later than the 30th day after the date of the installation or activation.  The alarm systems company shall provide to the municipality:

(1)  the alarm systems company name;

(2)  the alarm systems company license number;

(3)  the name of the occupant of the alarm system location;

(4)  the address of the alarm system location; and

(5)  the date of installation or activation.

(c)  Information provided to a governmental body under this section is confidential and subject to disclosure only as provided under Section 1702.284.

(d)  An alarm systems company commits an offense if the company violates Subsection (a) or (b).  An offense under this subsection is a Class C misdemeanor.

(e)  The duties imposed by this section on an alarm systems company do not apply to the installation or activation of a personal emergency response system, as defined under Section 1702.331.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 808, Sec. 7, eff. September 1, 2005.



Section 1702.2865.  Customer Authorization Required For Certain Locksmith Services.

(a) A locksmith company or locksmith may not perform services for a customer who seeks entry to a structure, motor vehicle, or other property unless the customer, in the course of the transaction:

(1)  shows the locksmith company or locksmith a government-issued identification; and

(2)  provides a signed authorization stating that the customer owns or is otherwise entitled to legal access to the structure, motor vehicle, or other property.

(b)  A locksmith company or locksmith is exempt from Subsection (a) if the locksmith is requested to perform services in a case of imminent threat to a person or property.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1102, Sec. 3, eff. September 1, 2005.

Renumbered from Occupations Code, Section 1702.286 by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 87, Sec. 27.001(73), eff. September 1, 2009.

Renumbered from Occupations Code, Section 1702.286 by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4B.16, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.287.  Detection Device Control Panels; Minimum Standards.

An alarm systems company may not install any alarm system on or after January 1, 2007, that includes a detection device control panel unless the control panel meets or exceeds the standards of the American National Standards Institute for false alarm reduction.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 808, Sec. 7, eff. September 1, 2005.



Section 1702.288.  Notice Of Certain Information To Recipient Of Alarm System Services.

(a) The board shall adopt rules in accordance with this section that require a license holder acting as an alarm systems company under this chapter to inform each of the license holder's clients that the client is entitled to receive a written contract for alarm system services that contains the client's fee arrangement and other relevant information about services to be rendered.

(b)  The rules shall require that a written contract for alarm system services shall be furnished to a client in accordance with Subsection (a) not later than the seventh day after the date the client requests the written contract.

(c)  The rules shall require that the written contract for services shall be dated and signed by the owner or manager of an alarm systems company or a person expressly authorized by the owner or manager to sign written contracts on behalf of the company.

(d)  The rules shall require that, not later than the seventh day after the date of entering into a contract for services regulated by the board with another alarm systems company or alarm systems monitor, an alarm systems company shall:

(1)  notify the recipient of those services of the name, address, and telephone number and individual to contact at the company that purchased the contract;

(2)  notify the recipient of services at the time the contract is negotiated that another licensed company may provide any of the services requested by subcontracting or outsourcing those services; and

(3)  if any of the services are subcontracted or outsourced to a licensed third party, notify the recipient of services, by mail, of the name, address, phone number, and license number of the company providing those services.

(e)  The rules shall require that notice provided to a recipient of services under Subsection (d) shall:

(1)  be mailed to the recipient in a written form that emphasizes the required information; and

(2)  include stickers or other materials to be affixed to an alarm system indicating the alarm systems company's or alarm systems monitor's new telephone number.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 808, Sec. 7, eff. September 1, 2005.



Subchapter M. Expiration; Renewal

Section  1702.301.  Expiration.

(a) A license is valid for one year from the date of issuance. A license expires at midnight on the last day of the 11th month after the month in which it is issued.

(b)  A security officer commission expires on the second anniversary of the date the commission is issued.

(c)  A personal protection officer endorsement expires on the expiration date of the security officer commission under which the individual's endorsement is issued.

(d)  Endorsement as a private investigator, manager, branch office manager, alarm systems installer, security consultant, security salesperson, alarm systems monitor, or dog trainer expires on the second anniversary of the date of endorsement.

(e)  Endorsement as an owner, officer, partner, or shareholder of a license holder expires on the second anniversary of the date of endorsement.

(f)  Endorsement as a noncommissioned security officer expires on the second anniversary of the date of endorsement.

(g)  A letter of authority, or a school approval or school instructor approval letter issued by the board, expires on the first anniversary of the date of issuance.

(h)  A license, registration, or endorsement issued under this chapter, other than one specified in this section, expires on the date specified by this chapter or by board rule.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.647(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.78, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.302.  License Renewal.

(a) A person who is otherwise eligible to renew a license may renew an unexpired license by paying the required renewal fee to the board before the expiration date of the license.  A person whose license has expired may not engage in activities that require a license until the license has been renewed.

(b)  A person whose license has been expired for 90 days or less may renew the license by paying to the board a renewal fee that is equal to 1-1/2 times the normally required renewal fee.

(c)  A person whose license has been expired for longer than 90 days but less than one year may renew the license by paying to the board a renewal fee that is equal to two times the normally required renewal fee.

(d)  A person whose license has been expired for one year or more may not renew the license.  The person may obtain a new license by complying with the requirements and procedures, including the examination requirements, for obtaining an original license.

(e)  Not later than the 30th day before the date a person's license is scheduled to expire, the board shall send written notice of the impending expiration to the person at the person's last known address according to the board's records.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.648, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.79, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.303.  Renewal Of Expired License By Out-of-state Practitioner.

A person who was licensed in this state, moved to another state, and is currently licensed and has been in practice in the other state for the two years preceding the date the person applies for renewal may obtain a new license without reexamination.  The person must pay to the board a fee that is equal to two times the normally required renewal fee for the license.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.649(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.80, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.304.  Staggered Renewal; Proration Of License Fee.

The board by rule may adopt a system under which licenses expire on various dates during the year.  For the year in which the expiration date of a license is changed, the board shall prorate license fees on a monthly basis so that each license holder pays only that portion of the license fee that is allocable to the number of months during which the license is valid.  On renewal of the license on the new expiration date, the total license renewal fee is payable.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.650(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.81, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.305.  Effect Of License Renewal On Disciplinary Action.

Renewal of a license does not prohibit the bringing of disciplinary proceedings for an act committed before the effective date of the renewal.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1702.306.  Effect Of Suspension On License Renewal Requirements.

A suspended license expires on the license's expiration date and may be renewed as provided by this chapter, but the renewal does not entitle the license holder, while the license remains suspended and until the license is reinstated, to engage in the licensed activity or in conduct in violation of the order or judgment by which the license was suspended.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section 1702.307.  Registration Renewal.

(a) An individual who is otherwise eligible to renew a registration may renew an unexpired registration by paying the required renewal fee to the board before the expiration date of the registration.  An individual whose registration has expired may not engage in activities that require a registration until the registration has been renewed.

(b)  An individual whose registration has been expired for 90 days or less may renew the registration by paying to the board a renewal fee that is equal to 1-1/2 times the normally required renewal fee.

(c)  An individual whose registration has been expired for more than 90 days but less than one year may renew the registration by paying to the board a renewal fee that is equal to two times the normally required renewal fee.

(d)  An individual whose registration has been expired for one year or more may not renew the registration.  The individual may obtain a new registration by complying with the requirements and procedures, including any examination required by the board, for obtaining an original registration.

(e)  An individual who was registered in this state, moved to another state, and is currently registered and has been in practice in the other state for the two years preceding the date of application may obtain a new registration without reexamination.  The individual must pay to the board a fee that is equal to two times the normally required renewal fee for the registration.

(f)  Not later than the 30th day before the expiration date of an individual's registration, the board shall send written notice of the impending expiration to the individual at the individual's last known address according to board records.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.651(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.82, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.308.  Continuing Education.

(a) This section does not apply to a noncommissioned security officer.

(b)  The board shall recognize, prepare, or administer continuing education programs for license holders, commissioned security officers, and endorsement holders.  The board shall set the minimum number of hours that must be completed and the types of programs that may be offered.

(c)  A license holder, commissioned security officer, or endorsement holder must participate in the programs to the extent required by the board to keep the person's license, commission, or endorsement.  A license holder, commissioned security officer, or endorsement holder shall submit evidence of compliance with the board's continuing education requirements in a manner prescribed by the board.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.652(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.83, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.309.  Security Officer Commission Renewal.

(a) The board by rule shall develop a continuing education course required for renewal of a security officer commission.  Only a board-approved instructor may administer the continuing education course.  The course must include at least six hours of instruction determined by the chief administrator of the board.

(b)  A commissioned security officer must demonstrate the proficiency required under Section 1702.1685 within the 90-day period before the date the commission is renewed.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.652(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001. Amended by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 593, Sec. 2, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.84, eff. September 1, 2009.



Subchapter N. Exceptions

Section  1702.321.  Government Employees.

(a) Except as provided by this section, this chapter does not apply to an officer or employee of the United States, this state, or a political subdivision of this state while the employee or officer is performing official duties.

(b)  The provisions of this chapter relating to security officer commissions apply to a person employed by a political subdivision whose duties include serving as a security guard, security watchman, or security patrolman on property owned or operated by the political subdivision if the governing body of the political subdivision files a written request with the board for the board to issue a commission to the political subdivision's employees with those duties.

(c)  The board may not charge a fee for issuing a commission to an officer under Subsection (b).  The board shall issue to the officer a pocket card designating the political subdivision that employs the officer.

(d)  The commission expires at the time the officer's employment as a security officer by the political subdivision is terminated.

(e)  The board may approve a security officer training program conducted by the political subdivision in accordance with Sections 1702.1675 and 1702.168.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.653, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.85, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.322.  Law Enforcement Personnel.

This chapter does not apply to:

(1)  a person who has full-time employment as a peace officer and who receives compensation for private employment on an individual or an independent contractor basis as a patrolman, guard, extra job coordinator, or watchman if the officer:

(A)  is employed in an employee-employer relationship or employed on an individual contractual basis directly by the recipient of the services;

(B)  is not in the employ of another peace officer;

(C)  is not a reserve peace officer; and

(D)  works as a peace officer on the average of at least 32 hours a week, is compensated by the state or a political subdivision of the state at least at the minimum wage, and is entitled to all employee benefits offered to a peace officer by the state or political subdivision;

(2)  a reserve peace officer while the reserve officer is performing guard, patrolman, or watchman duties for a county and is being compensated solely by that county;

(3)  a peace officer acting in an official capacity in responding to a burglar alarm or detection device; or

(4)  a person engaged in the business of electronic monitoring of an individual as a condition of that individual's community supervision, parole, mandatory supervision, or release on bail, if the person does not perform any other service that requires a license under this chapter.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.654, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4B.17, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.323.  Security Department Of Private Business.

(a) Except as provided by Subsections (b) and (d), this chapter does not apply to an individual employed in an employee-employer relationship exclusively and regularly by one employer in connection with the affairs of the employer.

(b)  An individual described by Subsection (a) who carries a firearm in the course of employment must obtain a private security officer commission under this chapter.

(c)  The security department of a private business may not hire or employ an individual to perform a duty described by Section 1702.222 if the individual has been convicted of a crime that would otherwise preclude the individual from being registered under this chapter.  The private business shall maintain the individual's criminal history record on file at the business and shall make the record available for inspection by the Department of Public Safety.

(c-1)  Although the security department of a private business that hires or employs an individual as a private security officer to possess a firearm in the course and scope of the individual's duties is required to apply for a security officer commission for the individual under this chapter, the security department of a private business is not required to apply to the board for any license under this chapter.

(d)  This chapter applies to an individual described by Subsection (a) who in the course of employment:

(1)  comes into contact with the public;

(2)  wears:

(A)  a uniform commonly associated with security personnel or law enforcement;

(B)  any type of badge commonly associated with security personnel or law enforcement; or

(C)  a patch or apparel containing the word "security" or a substantially similar word that is intended to or is likely to create the impression that the individual is performing security services; and

(3)  performs a duty described by Section 1702.108 or 1702.222.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.655, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 593, Sec. 3, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 65, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2005.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 663, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 15, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 87, Sec. 17.003, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.324.  Certain Occupations.

(a) For the purposes of this section, "landman" means an individual who, in the course and scope of the individual's business:

(1)  acquires or manages petroleum or mineral interests; or

(2)  performs title or contract functions related to the exploration, exploitation, or disposition of petroleum or mineral interests.

(b)  This chapter does not apply to:

(1)  a manufacturer or a manufacturer's authorized distributor while selling equipment intended for resale;

(2)  a person engaged exclusively in the business of obtaining and providing information to:

(A)  determine creditworthiness;

(B)  collect debts; or

(C)  ascertain the reliability of information provided by an applicant for property, life, or disability insurance or an indemnity or surety bond;

(3)  a person engaged exclusively in the business of repossessing property that is secured by a mortgage or other security interest;

(4)  a person who  is engaged in the business of psychological testing or other testing and interviewing services, including services to determine attitudes, honesty, intelligence, personality, and skills, for preemployment purposes;

(5)  a person who:

(A)  is engaged in obtaining information that is a public record under Chapter 552, Government Code, regardless of whether the person receives compensation;

(B)  is not a full-time employee, as defined by Section 61.001, Labor Code, of a person licensed under this chapter; and

(C)  does not perform any other act that requires a license under this chapter;

(6)  a licensed engineer practicing engineering or directly supervising engineering practice under Chapter 1001, including forensic analysis, burglar alarm system engineering, and necessary data collection;

(7)  an employee of a cattle association who inspects livestock brands under the authority granted to the cattle association by the Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration of the United States Department of Agriculture;

(8)  a landman performing activities in the course and scope of the landman's business;

(9)  an attorney while engaged in the practice of law;

(10)  a person who obtains a document for use in litigation under an authorization or subpoena issued for a written or oral deposition;

(11)  an admitted insurer, insurance adjuster, agent, or insurance broker licensed by the state, performing duties in connection with insurance transacted by that person;

(12)  a person who on the person's own property or on property owned or managed by the person's employer:

(A)  installs, changes, or repairs a mechanical security device;

(B)  repairs an electronic security device; or

(C)  cuts or makes a key for a security device;

(13)  security personnel, including security contract personnel, working at a commercial nuclear power plant licensed by the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission;

(14)  a person or firm licensed as an accountant or accounting firm under Chapter 901, an owner of an accounting firm, or an employee of an accountant or accounting firm while performing services regulated under Chapter 901;

(15)  a retailer, wholesaler, or other person who sells mechanical security devices, including locks and deadbolts, but who does not:

(A)  service mechanical security devices for the public outside of the person's premises; or

(B)  claim to act as a locksmith; or

(16)  an employee while performing investigative services that would otherwise be subject to this chapter for an entity regulated by the:

(A)  Texas Department of Insurance;

(B)  Office of Thrift Supervision;

(C)  Securities and Exchange Commission;

(D)  Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation;

(E)  National Association of Securities Dealers; or

(F)  Financial Industry Regulatory Authority.

(c)  The exemptions provided by Subsection (b) apply only to a person described in that subsection while the person is performing services directly related to and dependent on the provision of the exempted service that does not otherwise require licensing under this chapter.  The exemptions do not apply to activities or services that are independent of the service or profession that is the basis for the exemption.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.656, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 936, Sec. 13, eff. Sept. 1, 2003; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1237, Sec. 2, eff. June 20, 2003; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1276, Sec. 14A.801, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 518, Sec. 1, eff. June 17, 2005.

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1102, Sec. 4, eff. September 1, 2005.

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1155, Sec. 2, eff. June 18, 2005.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 16, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.86, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.325.  Common Carriers.

This chapter does not apply to:

(1)  a common carrier by rail engaged in interstate commerce, regulated by state and federal authorities, and transporting commodities essential to the national defense and to the general welfare and safety of the community; or

(2)  an officer, employee, or agent of a common carrier, as defined by Section 153 of the federal Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. Section 153), and its subsequent amendments, while protecting the carrier or a user of the carrier's long-distance services from a fraudulent, unlawful, or abusive use of those long-distance services.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.657, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  1702.326.  Medical Alert Services.

(a) This chapter does not apply to an entity that:

(1)  provides medical alert services for persons who are sick or disabled;

(2)  does not provide any other service that requires a license under this chapter; and

(3)  is:

(A)  a hospital or a wholly owned subsidiary or an affiliate of a hospital licensed under Chapter 241, Health and Safety Code; or

(B)  a charitable or a nonprofit entity that provides the services in the manner required by Subsection (b) and that is exempt from the payment of federal income taxes under Section 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and its subsequent amendments by being listed as an exempt entity under Section 501(c)(3) of that code.

(b)  A charitable or nonprofit entity that provides medical alert services must provide those services through a licensed person, licensed nurse, licensed physician assistant or by a hospital, subsidiary, or affiliate described by Subsection (a)(3)(A).

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1702.327.  Nonprofit And Civic Organizations.

This chapter does not apply to:

(1)  a nonprofit business or civic organization that:

(A)  employs a peace officer who meets the qualifications of Section 1702.322(1) as a patrolman, guard, or watchman;

(B)  provides the services of the peace officer only to:

(i)  the organization's members; or

(ii)  if the organization does not have members, the members of the communities served by the organization as described in the organization's articles of incorporation or other organizational documents;

(C)  devotes the net receipts from all charges for the services exclusively to the cost of providing the services or to the costs of other services for the enhancement of the security or safety of:

(i)  the organization's members; or

(ii)  if the organization does not have members, the members of the communities served by the organization as described in the organization's articles of incorporation or other organizational documents; and

(D)  does not perform any other service that requires a license under this chapter; or

(2)  a charitable, nonprofit organization that maintains a system of records to aid in the location of missing children and that:

(A)  is exempt from the payment of federal income taxes under Section 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and its subsequent amendments by being listed as an exempt entity under Section 501(c)(3) of that code;

(B)  exclusively provides services related to locating missing children; and

(C)  does not perform any other service that requires a license under this chapter.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section 1702.328.  Security Systems Sales And Installation.

This chapter does not apply to:

(1)  a person who owns and installs a burglar detection or alarm device on the person's own property or, if the person does not charge for the device or the installation, installs the device for the protection of the person's personal property located on another person's property and does not, as a normal business practice, install the devices on the property of another;

(2)  a person in the business of building construction that installs electrical wiring and devices that may include in part the installation of a burglar alarm or detection device if:

(A)  the person is a party to a contract that provides that:

(i)  the installation will be performed under the direct supervision of, and inspected and certified by, a person licensed to install and certify the alarm or detection device; and

(ii)  the license holder assumes full responsibility for the installation of the alarm or detection device; and

(B)  the person does not service or maintain alarm systems, electronic access control devices, locks, or detection devices;

(3)  a person who sells or installs automobile burglar alarm devices and who does not perform any other act that requires a license under this chapter; or

(4)  a person who sells exclusively by e-commerce, over the counter transactions, or mail order, alarm systems, electronic access control devices, locks, or detection devices.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 936, Sec. 14, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1155, Sec. 3, eff. June 18, 2005.



Section  1702.329.  Fire Alarm And Detection Sales And Installation.

This chapter does not apply to:

(1)  a person whose activities are regulated under Article 5.43-2, Insurance Code, except to the extent those activities are specifically regulated under this chapter; or

(2)  a person who holds a license or other credential issued by a municipality to practice as an electrician and who installs fire or smoke detectors only in single-family or multifamily residences.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1702.330.  Security Personnel Of Private Institution Of Higher Education.

This chapter does not apply to:

(1)  a person who is employed full-time by and is commissioned as a campus security personnel employee by a private institution of higher education under Section 51.212, Education Code; or

(2)  a peace officer commissioned by an incorporated municipality who is hired under Section 51.212, Education Code, on a regular basis by a private institution of higher education while that peace officer is operating within the scope of the peace officer's employment with the institution of higher education.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.658(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section 1702.331.  Personal Emergency Response Systems.

(a) In this section, "personal emergency response system" means an alarm system that is:

(1)  installed in the residence of a person;

(2)  monitored by an alarm systems company;

(3)  designed only to permit the person to signal the occurrence of a medical or personal emergency on the part of the person so that the company may dispatch appropriate aid; and

(4)  not part of a combination of alarm systems that includes a burglar alarm or fire alarm.

(b)  This chapter does not apply to:

(1)  an alarm systems company that sells, installs, services, monitors, or responds to only personal emergency response systems;

(2)  an alarm systems installer who installs, maintains, or repairs only personal emergency response systems;

(3)  a manager or branch office manager of an alarm systems company described by Subdivision (1);

(4)  a security salesperson who is employed by an alarm systems company described by Subdivision (1) to sell services offered by the company; and

(5)  an owner, officer, partner, or shareholder of an alarm systems company described by Subdivision (1).

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 808, Sec. 8, eff. September 1, 2005.



Section 1702.332.  Telematics Service Providers.

(a) In this section, "telematics service" means:

(1)  a service that:

(A)  is provided to owners, operators, and occupants of consumer vehicles or commercial fleet vehicles through the remote access of in-vehicle data that may rely on global positioning system satellite data to fix the exact location of the vehicle, including:

(i)  location-specific emergency and roadside vehicle breakdown assistance;

(ii)  automatic collision notification;

(iii)  real-time traffic and navigation information;

(iv)  remote vehicle diagnostics; and

(v)  stolen vehicle recovery;

(B)  is enabled through the two-way communication of voice or data, often with an interactive voice response technology interface, between a service subscriber's vehicle and a telematics company's response center; and

(C)  is provided to:

(i)  enhance vehicle service, safety, and convenience while driving for vehicle owners;

(ii)  enable automakers and automobile dealerships to achieve greater service and customer management efficiencies and to increase customer retention; and

(iii)  enable fleet operators to remotely manage their vehicles and other mobile assets; and

(2)  a related service provided to consumers, automakers, automobile dealerships, and commercial fleet operators by a telematics company as part of the emerging technology industry that delivers telematics services on a national basis to service subscribers.

(b)  Except as otherwise provided by this section, this chapter does not apply to a person who provides a telematics service in this state.

(c)  To qualify for the exemption provided by Subsection (b), a telematics service provider shall:

(1)  establish business practices and procedures that are at least as stringent as the guidelines established by the Association of Public Safety Communications Officials International regarding the communication of information from telematics service providers to public safety agencies; and

(2)  pay an annual fee of $2,500 to the department.

(d)  The department may adopt rules necessary to carry out the purposes of this section, including rules to determine whether a telematics service provider is complying with Subsection (c).

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 207, Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2005.

Renumbered from Occupations Code, Section 1702.331 by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 921, Sec. 17.001(59), eff. September 1, 2007.



Subchapter O. Prohibited Practices And Grounds For Denial And Disciplinary Action

Section 1702.361.  Denial And Disciplinary Actions; Grounds.

(a) The department, for conduct described by Subsection (b), may:

(1)  deny an application or revoke, suspend, or refuse to renew a license, registration, endorsement, or security officer commission;

(2)  reprimand a license holder, registrant, or commissioned security officer; or

(3)  place on probation a person whose license, registration, endorsement, or security officer commission has been suspended.

(b)  The department shall take disciplinary action described by Subsection (a) on proof:

(1)  that the applicant, license holder, registrant, endorsement holder, or commissioned security officer has:

(A)  violated this chapter or a rule adopted under this chapter;

(B)  become ineligible for licensure, registration, or endorsement under Section 1702.113, or a commission under Section 1702.163, if applicable, other than an action for which the department has taken summary action under Section 1702.364;

(C)  engaged in fraud, deceit, or misrepresentation;

(D)  made a material misstatement in an application for or renewal of a license, registration, endorsement,

or commission;

(E)  failed to pay in full an administrative penalty assessed under Subchapter Q, for which the board has issued a final order; or

(F)  performed any service for which an endorsement is required under this chapter and either:

(i)  was not employed with a company licensed under this chapter at the time the service was performed; or

(ii)  performed the service for a company licensed under this chapter that was not listed on the individual's registration without informing the board of the individual's employment with the company within a reasonable period; or

(2)  that the license holder of a registrant or commissioned security officer has submitted to the department sufficient evidence that the registrant or commissioned security officer:

(A)  engaged in fraud or deceit while employed by the license holder; or

(B)  committed theft while performing work as a registrant or commissioned security officer.

(c)  The department may place on probation a person whose license is suspended.  If a person's suspension of a license is probated, the department may require the person:

(1)  to report regularly to the department on matters that are the basis of the suspension;

(2)  to limit practice to the areas prescribed by the department; or

(3)  to continue or review professional education until the person attains a degree of skill satisfactory to the department in those areas that are the basis of the probation.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.659, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 17, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.87, eff. September 1, 2009.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4B.18, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.3615.  Direct Appeal In Limited Cases.

(a) An applicant may appeal directly to the board the denial of a license, registration, or security officer commission application if:

(1)  the sole basis of the denial is the applicant's status as a registered sex offender;

(2)  the applicant's status as a sex offender is not based on a criminal conviction that would make the applicant ineligible under Section 1702.113 or 1702.163; and

(3)  the applicant waives the applicant's right to a hearing before the State Office of Administrative Hearings.

(b)  A proceeding under Subsection (a) is governed by Chapter 2001, Government Code.  A hearing must be held at a regular meeting of the board.

(c)  In a proceeding held as provided by Subsection (a), the board may approve the application if the board determines the circumstances surrounding the applicant's registration as a sex offender warrant approval based on factors previously established by rule.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.660(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 18, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section 1702.362.  Failure To File Required Notice.

The board may suspend or revoke a license if the license holder fails to notify the board as required by Section 1702.121 that a manager has ceased to be the manager of the license holder.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.661, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.88, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.363.  Application Of Administrative Procedure Act.

Except as provided by Sections 1702.3615(b) and 1702.364, a person regulated under this chapter against whom the board has taken action is entitled to a hearing before the State Office of Administrative Hearings.  A proceeding under this section is a contested case that is governed by Chapter 2001, Government Code.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.662, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.89, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.364.  Summary Actions.

(a) On receiving written notice from a law enforcement agency that a person has been charged with or convicted of an offense that would make the person ineligible for a license, certificate of registration, endorsement, or security officer commission under Section 1702.113 or 1702.163, the department shall:

(1)  summarily deny the person's application for a license, registration, endorsement, or security officer commission;

(2)  in the event of pending charges, summarily suspend the person's license, certificate of registration, endorsement, or security officer commission; or

(3)  in the event of a conviction, summarily revoke the person's license, certificate of registration, endorsement, or security officer commission.

(b)  To initiate a proceeding to take action under Subsection (a), the department must serve notice to the person.  The notice must:

(1)  inform the person of the right to a preliminary hearing before the department;

(2)  state the basis for the summary action; and

(3)  be personally served on the person or the person's authorized representative, or sent to the person by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested, to the person's mailing address as it appears in the department's records.

(c)  The action is effective at the time notice is served.  The person shall immediately surrender to the department any certificate of registration, security officer commission, pocket card, or other form of identification issued by the department.

(d)  At a preliminary hearing, the person must show cause why:

(1)  the application should not have been denied;

(2)  the registration, license, endorsement, or security officer commission should not have been suspended; or

(3)  the registration, license, endorsement, or commission should not have been revoked.

(e)   Chapter 2001, Government Code, does not apply to the department's initial action under this section or to a preliminary hearing before the department under this section.

(f)  The dismissal of a complaint, information, or indictment or an acquittal releases the person from automatic grounds for a summary denial of an application or summary suspension of a registration, endorsement, or security officer commission under this section.  A conviction for the offense giving rise to a summary suspension is automatic grounds for immediate, summary revocation.

(g)  The results of the preliminary hearing may be appealed by requesting, in writing, a hearing before an administrative law judge of the State Office of Administrative Hearings.  On receipt of the request, the department shall set a hearing and give written notice of the hearing to the person.

(h)  The administrative law judge shall make findings of fact and conclusions of law regarding the person's eligibility for a license, registration, or endorsement under this section and promptly issue to the board a proposal for a decision.

(i)  At its earliest possible quarterly meeting, the board shall consider the proposal for decision and promptly issue a final order.

(j)  Repealed by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.102(8), eff. September 1, 2009.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.663, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 19, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.90, eff. September 1, 2009.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.102(8), eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.365.  Abduction Of Child.

The board shall revoke a person's license, registration, endorsement, or security officer commission or deny a person's application for, or renewal of, a license, registration, endorsement, or security officer commission on proof that the person or an agent of the person has, after the date of application for a license, registration, endorsement, or security officer commission, abducted or attempted to abduct by force or the threat of force or by misrepresentation, stealth, or unlawful entry a child who at the time of the abduction or attempt is under the care and control of a person who:

(1)  has custody or physical possession of the child under a court order; or

(2)  is exercising the care and control with the consent of a person who has custody or physical possession of the child under a court order.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.664, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.91, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.367.  Complaint Investigation; Subpoena; Witness.

(a) For an investigation conducted under this chapter, if necessary to enforce this chapter or the board's rules, the department may issue an administrative subpoena to any person in this state compelling:

(1)  the production of information or documents; or

(2)  the attendance and testimony of a witness.

(b)  A witness is not privileged to refuse to testify to a fact or to produce a record or document with respect to which the witness is properly examined by the hearings officer.

(c)  A person required to testify or to produce a record or document on any matter properly under inquiry by the board who refuses to testify or to produce the record or document on the ground that the testimony or the production of the record or document would incriminate or tend to incriminate the person is nonetheless required to testify or to produce the record or document.  A person who is required to testify or to produce a record or document under this subsection is not subject to indictment or prosecution for a transaction, matter, or thing concerning which the person truthfully testifies or produces evidence.

(d)  If a witness refuses to obey a subpoena or to give evidence relevant to proper inquiry by the board, the board may petition a district court of the county in which the hearing is held to compel the witness to obey the subpoena or to give the evidence.  The court shall immediately issue process to the witness and shall hold a hearing on the petition as soon as possible.

(e)  An investigator employed by the board may take statements under oath in an investigation of a matter covered by this chapter.

(f)  A person licensed or otherwise regulated under this chapter who fails without good cause to comply with a subpoena issued under this section may be subject to suspension of a license under Section 1702.361.

(g)  If a subpoena issued under this section relates to an ongoing criminal investigation by the department and the department determines that disclosure could significantly impede the investigation, the subpoena may provide that the person to whom the subpoena is directed may not:

(1)  disclose that the subpoena has been issued;

(2)  identify or describe any records requested by the subpoena; or

(3)  disclose whether records have been furnished in response to the subpoena.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.666, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.92, eff. September 1, 2009.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4B.19, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.368.  Notification Of Conviction For Certain Offenses.

The department shall notify the board and the police department of the municipality and the sheriff's department of the county in which a person licensed, registered, or commissioned under this chapter resides of the conviction of the person for a Class B misdemeanor or equivalent offense or a greater offense.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.667(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.93, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.369.  No Reinstatement After Revocation.

A revoked license may not be reinstated.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1702.370.  Effect Of Suspension; Monitoring Of Existing Alarm Contracts.

Subject to expiration of the license under Section 1702.306, a license holder may continue to monitor under an existing alarm contract or contract to monitor under an existing alarm contract for 30 days after the date of suspension of the person's license.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1702.3705.  Prohibition Against Certain Political Subdivisions Acting As Alarm Systems Company.

(a) Except as provided by Subsection (b), a political subdivision may not offer residential alarm system sales, service, installation, or monitoring unless it has been providing monitoring services to residences within the boundaries of the political subdivision as of September 1, 1999. Any fee charged by the political subdivision may not exceed the cost of the monitoring.

(b)  A political subdivision may:

(1)  offer service, installation, or monitoring for property owned by the political subdivision or another political subdivision;

(2)  allow for the response of an alarm or detection device by a law enforcement agency or by a law enforcement officer acting in an official capacity;

(3)  offer monitoring in connection with a criminal investigation; or

(4)  offer monitoring to a financial institution, as defined by Section 59.301, Finance Code, that requests, in writing, that the political subdivision provide monitoring service to the financial institution.

(c)  The limitations of Subsection (a) do not apply to a political subdivision in a county with a population of less than 80,000 or in a political subdivision where monitoring is not otherwise provided or available.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.668(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section 1702.371.  Conviction Of Certain Crimes.

For purposes of this chapter, a person is considered to be convicted of an offense if a court enters a judgment against the person for committing an offense under the laws of this state, another state, or the United States, including a conviction:

(1)  in which a person is placed on and subsequently discharged from community supervision;

(2)  that has been set aside or dismissed following the completion of probation; or

(3)  for which a person is pardoned, unless the pardon was granted for reasons relating to a wrongful conviction.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.669(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 20, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section 1702.372.  Recusal Of Board Member.

(a) A board member who participated in the investigation of a complaint or in informal settlement negotiations regarding the complaint:

(1)  may not vote on the matter at a board meeting related to the complaint; and

(2)  shall state at the meeting the reason for which the member is prohibited from voting on the matter.

(b)  A statement under Subsection (a)(2) shall be entered into the minutes of the meeting.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.94, eff. September 1, 2009.



Subchapter P. Penalties And Enforcement Provisions

Section 1702.381.  Civil Penalty.

(a) A person who is not licensed under this chapter, who does not have a license application pending, and who violates this chapter may be assessed a civil penalty to be paid to the state not to exceed $10,000 for each violation.

(b)  A person who contracts with or employs a person who is required to hold a license, registration, endorsement, or security officer commission under this chapter knowing that the person does not hold the required license, registration, endorsement, or commission or who otherwise, at the time of contract or employment, is in violation of this chapter may be assessed a civil penalty to be paid to the state in an amount not to exceed $10,000 for each violation.

(c)  A civil penalty under this section may be assessed against a person on proof that the person has received at least 30 days' notice of the requirements of this section.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.670, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 21, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.95, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.382.  Injunction.

(a) An attorney for the department, the attorney general's office, or any criminal prosecutor in this state may institute an action against a person to enjoin a violation by the person of this chapter or an administrative rule.

(b)  An injunction action instituted under this section does not require an allegation or proof that an adequate remedy at law does not exist or that substantial or irreparable damage would result from the continued violation to sustain an action under this section.  A bond is not required for an injunction action instituted under this section.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.671, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 22, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section 1702.383.  Action For Civil Penalty Or Injunction.

If a person has violated a provision of this chapter for which a penalty is imposed under Section 1702.381, an attorney for the department, the attorney general's office, or any criminal prosecutor in this state may institute a civil suit in a Travis County district court or in a district court in the county in which the violation occurred for injunctive relief under Section 1702.382 or for assessment and recovery of the civil penalty.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.672, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 23, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section 1702.3835.  Deceptive Trade Practice.

(a) A person who performs or offers to perform an activity regulated under this chapter, but who is not licensed or otherwise authorized under this chapter to perform the activity, commits a false, misleading, or deceptive act or practice within the meaning of Section 17.46, Business & Commerce Code.

(b)  A public or private right or remedy under Chapter 17, Business & Commerce Code, may be used to enforce this chapter.

Added by Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4B.20, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.384.  Falsification Of Certain Documents; Offense. (a)

A person commits an offense if the person knowingly falsifies fingerprints or photographs submitted under Section 1702.110.

(b)  An offense under this section is a felony of the third degree.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1702.385.  Neglect By Guard Dog Company; Offense.

(a) A license holder commits an offense if the license holder:

(1)  operates a guard dog company; and

(2)  fails to provide necessary food, care, or shelter for an animal used by the guard dog company.

(b)  An offense under this section is a Class A misdemeanor.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Section  1702.386.  Unauthorized Employment; Offense.

(a) A person commits an offense if the person contracts with or employs a person who is required to hold a license, registration, endorsement, or commission under this chapter knowing that the person does not hold the required license, registration, endorsement, or commission or who otherwise, at the time of contract or employment, is in violation of this chapter.

(b)  An offense under Subsection (a) is a Class A misdemeanor.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.96, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.3863.  Unauthorized Contract With Bail Bond Surety; Offense.

(a) A person commits an offense if the person contracts with or is employed by a bail bond surety as defined by Chapter 1704 to secure the appearance of a person who has violated Section 38.10, Penal Code, unless the person is:

(1)  a peace officer;

(2)  an individual endorsed or licensed as a private investigator or the manager of a licensed investigations company; or

(3)  a commissioned security officer employed by a licensed guard company.

(b)  An offense under Subsection (a) is a state jail felony.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.673(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.97, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.3867.  Execution Of Capias Or Arrest Warrant; Offense.

(a) A private investigator executing a capias or an arrest warrant on behalf of a bail bond surety may not:

(1)  enter a residence without the consent of the occupants;

(2)  execute the capias or warrant without written authorization from the surety;

(3)  wear, carry, or display any uniform, badge, shield, or other insignia or emblem that implies that the private investigator is an employee, officer, or agent of the federal government, the state, or a political subdivision of the state; or

(4)  notwithstanding Section 9.51, Penal Code, use deadly force.

(b)  Notwithstanding Subsection (a)(3), a private investigator may display identification that indicates that the person is acting on behalf of a bail bond surety.

(c)  A private investigator executing a capias or an arrest warrant on behalf of a bail bond surety shall immediately take the person arrested to:

(1)  if the arrest is made in the county in which the capias or warrant was issued:

(A)  the county jail for that county if:

(i)  the offense is a Class A or Class B misdemeanor or a felony; or

(ii)  the offense is a Class C misdemeanor and the capias or warrant was issued by a magistrate of that county; or

(B)  the municipal jail for the appropriate municipality if the offense is a Class C misdemeanor and the capias or warrant was issued by a magistrate of the municipality; or

(2)  if the arrest is made in a county other than the county in which the capias or warrant was issued, the county jail for the county in which the arrest is made.

(d)  A person commits an offense if the person violates this section. An offense under this section is a state jail felony.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.674(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  1702.387.  Failure To Surrender Certain Documents; Offense. (a)

A person commits an offense if the person fails to surrender or immediately return to the board the person's registration, commission, pocket card, or other identification issued to the person by the board on notification of a summary suspension or summary denial under Section 1702.364.

(b)  An offense under this section is a Class A misdemeanor.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.675, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.98, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.3875.  Impersonating Security Officer; Offense.

(a) A person commits an offense if the person:

(1)  impersonates a commissioned or noncommissioned security officer with the intent to induce another to submit to the person's pretended authority or to rely on the person's pretended acts of a security officer; or

(2)  knowingly purports to exercise any function that requires registration as a noncommissioned security officer or a security officer commission.

(b)  An offense under this section is a Class A misdemeanor.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 822, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.



Section  1702.388.  Violation Of Chapter; Offense.

(a) A person commits an offense if the person violates a provision of this chapter for which a specific criminal penalty is not prescribed.

(b)  An offense under this section is a Class A misdemeanor, except that the offense is a felony of the third degree if the person has previously been convicted under this chapter of failing to hold a license, registration, endorsement, certificate, or commission that the person is required to hold under this chapter.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Amended by:

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.99, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.389.  Venue.

An offense under this chapter may be prosecuted in Travis County or in the county in which the offense occurred.

Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 388, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.



Subchapter Q. Administrative Penalty

Section 1702.401.  Imposition Of Penalty.

In addition to any other disciplinary action taken by the department, and subject to the board's final order in a hearing under this subchapter, the department may impose an administrative penalty on a person licensed, commissioned, or registered under this chapter who violates this chapter or a rule or order adopted under this chapter.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.676(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 24, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section  1702.402.  Amount Of Penalty.

(a) Each day a violation continues or occurs is a separate violation for purposes of imposing a penalty.  The amount of each separate violation may not exceed $5,000.

(b)  The amount of a violation shall be based on:

(1)  the seriousness of the violation, including the nature, circumstances, extent, and gravity of the violation;

(2)  the economic harm to property or the public caused by the violation;

(3)  the history of previous violations;

(4)  the amount necessary to deter a future violation;

(5)  efforts to correct the violation; and

(6)  any other matter that justice may require.

(c)  The board by rule shall develop a standardized penalty schedule based on the criteria listed in Subsection (b).

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.676(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 25, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.100, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section 1702.403.  Notice Of Violation And Penalty.

(a) If the department determines that a violation has occurred, the department shall give written notice to the person.

(b)  The notice must:

(1)  include a brief summary of the alleged violation;

(2)  state the amount of the recommended penalty; and

(3)  inform the person of the person's right to a hearing on the occurrence of the violation, the amount of the penalty, or both.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.676(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 26, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section 1702.404.  Penalty To Be Paid Or Hearing Requested.

(a) Not later than the 20th day after the date the person receives the notice, the person in writing may:

(1)  accept the determination and recommended penalty; or

(2)  make a request for a hearing on the occurrence of the violation, the amount of the penalty, or both.

(b)  If the person accepts the determination and recommended penalty, the person shall pay the penalty in a timely manner.

(c)  The department may initiate suspension proceedings under Section 1702.361 against a person who, before the 21st day after the day the person receives the notice, either:

(1)  accepts the penalty but fails to pay; or

(2)  fails to respond to the notice.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.676(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 27, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section 1702.405.  Hearing.

(a) If the person requests a hearing, the department shall set a hearing and give written notice of the hearing to the person.  An administrative law judge of the State Office of Administrative Hearings shall hold the hearing.

(b)  The administrative law judge shall make findings of fact and conclusions of law and promptly issue to the board a proposal for a decision about the occurrence of the violation and the amount of a proposed penalty.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.676(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 28, eff. September 1, 2007.



Section 1702.406.  Decision By Board.

(a) Based on the findings of fact, conclusions of law, and proposal for a decision, the board by order may:

(1)  find that a violation occurred and impose a penalty; or

(2)  find that a violation did not occur.

(b)  The notice of the board's order given to the person must include a statement of the right of the person to judicial review of the order.  Judicial review is under the substantial evidence rule as provided by Subchapter G, Chapter 2001, Government Code.

(c)  If the person does not file a petition in the appropriate civil court for judicial review of the board's order not later than the 30th day after the date of the order, the board's order is final for purposes of Section 1702.361.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.676(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 906, Sec. 29, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1146, Sec. 4.101, eff. September 1, 2009.



Section  1702.413.  Administrative Procedure.

A proceeding to impose the penalty is considered to be a contested case under Chapter 2001, Government Code.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 14.676(a), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.


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