Law:Division 5. Weights And Measures (California)

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Contents

Chapter 1. General Provisions

Ca Codes (bpc:12001-12027) Business And Professions Code Section 12001-12027



12001. The definitions in this chapter apply to this division only and do not affect the provisions of any other division.


12002. "Department" means the Department of Food and Agriculture.


12003. "Director" or "Secretary" means the Secretary of Food and Agriculture.

12004. "State Sealer" means the chief of the division of the department charged with the enforcement of the provisions of this division.

12005. Whenever any provision of this division makes reference to the National Bureau of Standards, that reference shall be construed to include the National Institute of Standards and Technology.


12006. "County Sealer" means any sealer appointed by a county. A county may in its discretion refer to its sealer as the county director of weights and measures.


12008. "Sealer," when used without qualification, includes the State Sealer, county sealers and their deputies and inspectors.


12009. "Sell," in any of its variant forms, includes barter, exchange, trade, rent, lease, keep for sale, offer for sale, or expose for sale, in any of their variant forms.


12009.5. "Distribute," in any of its variant forms, includes keep for distribution, offer for distribution, or expose for distribution, in any of their variant forms.


12010. "Use," in any of its variant forms includes keep for use in any of its variant forms.


12011. "Person" includes person, firm, corporation or association.


12011.5. Wherever in this division the terms "copies" or "standards" or "copies of the standard weights and measures" are used, such terms shall refer to the original standards in the possession of the department or to true and accurate copies derived therefrom.


12011.6. "Container" means any receptacle or carton, whether lidded or unlidded, into which a commodity is packed or placed, or any wrappings with or into which any commodity is wrapped or put for sale.

12011.7. "Pallet" means any portable platform upon which containers or material is placed to facilitate handling.


12012. The director may exercise any power conferred upon the department or upon the State Sealer by this division through the State Sealer or otherwise.

12012.1. The director may bring an action to enjoin the violation, or the threatened violation, of any provision of this division, or of any regulation adopted pursuant thereto, in the superior court in the county in which such violation occurs or is about to occur. There may be joined in one proceeding any number of defendants alleged to be violating the same provisions or regulations, although their properties, interests, residence, or place of business, may be in several counties and the violations separate and distinct. Any proceeding which is brought pursuant to this section shall be governed in all other respects by the provisions of Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 525), Title 7, Part 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure. The county sealer of any county acting through the district attorney or county counsel of that county may bring an action to enjoin the violation in such county or the threatened violation in such county of any provision of this division or of any regulation adopted pursuant thereto in the same manner as may the director, and if the director joins as a party plaintiff, such actions shall not be limited to violations occurring within the county.

12013. (a) Any sealer shall have the authority, as a public officer, to arrest, without a warrant, any person whenever such officer has reasonable cause to believe that the person to be arrested has, in his presence, violated any provision of this division, the violation of which is declared to be a public offense. In any case in which an arrest is made pursuant to this authority for an offense declared to be a misdemeanor or an infraction, the arresting officer may, instead of taking the person arrested before a magistrate, follow the procedure prescribed by Chapter 5C (commencing with Section 853.5) of Title 3 of Part 2 of the Penal Code, unless the arrested person demands to be taken before a magistrate. The provisions of such chapter shall thereafter apply with respect to any proceeding based upon the issuance of a citation pursuant to this authority. This subdivision shall not be interpreted to prevent further restriction by the board of supervisors of a county of the authority of a county sealer or his deputies to make arrests. (b) There shall be no civil liability on the part of, and no cause of action shall arise against, any person, acting pursuant to subdivision (a) and within the scope of his authority, for false arrest or false imprisonment arising out of any arrest which is lawful or which the arresting officer, at the time of such arrest, had reasonable cause to believe was lawful. No such officer shall be deemed an aggressor or lose his right to self-defense by the use of reasonable force to effect the arrest or to prevent escape or to overcome resistance. (c) Any sealer may serve all processes and notices throughout the state; provided, that county sealers and their deputies are authorized to serve processes and notices only within the boundaries of the county which employs them.


12014. (a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), any sealer who seals any weight, measure, balance or weighing or measuring instrument or apparatus before first testing and making it conform with the standards of the state, or who condemns any weight, measure, balance or weighing or measuring instrument or apparatus without first testing it is guilty of a misdemeanor. (b) A sealer may engage in a planned program of probability sampling of devices, using methods approved by the director. The sealing of a device by a sealer pursuant to such sampling and testing program is exempt from the provisions of subdivision (a).


12015. Any sealer having knowledge of a violation of any of the provisions of any law relating to weights and measures shall cause the violator to be prosecuted.


12015.3. (a) The sealer may levy a civil penalty against a person violating any provision of this division or a regulation adopted pursuant to any of these provisions, of not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000) for each violation. It is a complete defense to a criminal prosecution for a violation of any provision of this division or a regulation adopted pursuant to any provision of this division that the defendant has been assessed and has paid a civil penalty under this section for the same act or acts constituting the violation. Any civil penalty under this section shall be cumulative to civil remedies or penalties imposed under any other law. (b) Before a civil penalty is levied, the person charged with the violation shall be given a written notice of the proposed action including the nature of the violation and the amount of the proposed penalty, and shall have the right to request a hearing. The request shall be made within 20 days after receiving notice of the proposed action. A notice of the proposed action that is sent by certified mail to the last known address of the person charged shall be considered received even if delivery is refused or the notice is not accepted at that address. If a hearing is requested, notice of the time and place of the hearing shall be given at least 10 days before the date set for the hearing. At the hearing, the person shall be given an opportunity to review the sealer's evidence and to present evidence on his or her own behalf. If a hearing is not timely requested, the sealer may take the action proposed without a hearing. (c) If the person upon whom the sealer levied a civil penalty requested and appeared at a hearing, the person may appeal the sealer' s decision to the secretary within 30 days of the date of receiving a copy of the sealer's decision. The following procedures apply to the appeal: (1) The appeal shall be in writing and signed by the appellant or his or her authorized agent, state the grounds for the appeal, and include a copy of the sealer's decision. The appellant shall file a copy of the appeal with the sealer at the same time it is filed with the secretary. (2) The appellant and the sealer may, at the time of filing the appeal or within 10 days thereafter or at a later time prescribed by the secretary, present the record of the hearing including written evidence that was submitted at the hearing and a written argument to the secretary stating grounds for affirming, modifying, or reversing the sealer's decision. (3) The secretary may grant oral arguments upon application made at the time written arguments are filed. (4) If an application to present an oral argument is granted, written notice of the time and place for the oral argument shall be given at least 10 days before the date set therefor. The times may be altered by mutual agreement of the appellant, the sealer, and the secretary. (5) The secretary shall decide the appeal on the record of the hearing, including the written evidence and the written argument described in paragraph (2), that he or she has received. If the secretary finds substantial evidence in the record to support the sealer's decision, the secretary shall affirm the decision. (6) The secretary shall render a written decision within 45 days of the date of appeal or within 15 days of the date of oral arguments or as soon thereafter as practicable. (7) On an appeal pursuant to this section, the secretary may affirm the sealer's decision, modify the sealer's decision by reducing or increasing the amount of the penalty levied so that it is within the secretary's guidelines for imposing civil penalties, or reverse the sealer's decision. Any civil penalty increased by the secretary shall not be higher than that proposed in the sealer's notice of proposed action given pursuant to subdivision (b). A copy of the secretary's decision shall be delivered or mailed to the appellant and the sealer. (8) Any person who does not request a hearing pursuant to subdivision (b) may not file an appeal pursuant to this subdivision. (9) Review of a decision of the secretary may be sought by the appellant within 30 days of the date of the decision pursuant to Section 1094.5 of the Code of Civil Procedure. (d) After the exhaustion of the appeal and review procedures provided in this section, the sealer, or his or her representative, may file a certified copy of a final decision of the sealer that directs the payment of a civil penalty and, if applicable, a copy of any decision of the secretary or his or her authorized representative rendered on an appeal from the sealer's decision and a copy of any order that denies a petition for a writ of administrative mandamus, with the clerk of the superior court of any county. Judgment shall be entered immediately by the clerk in conformity with the decision or order. No fees shall be charged by the clerk of the superior court for the performance of any official service required in connection with the entry of judgment pursuant to this section. (e) If the civil penalty is levied by the State Sealer, the revenues derived therefrom shall be deposited in the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund and, upon appropriation, shall be used by the State Sealer to carry out his or her responsibilities under this division. If the civil penalty is levied by the county sealer, the revenues shall be deposited in the general fund of the county and, upon appropriation by the board of supervisors, shall be used by the county sealer to carry out his or her responsibilities under this division. (f) This section does not apply to violations involving utility meters, or to violations involving the testing and inspection of utility meters, in mobilehome parks, recreational vehicle parks, or apartment complexes, where the owner of the park or complex owns and is responsible for the utility meters. (g) Upon the written request of the Attorney General of California, any district attorney, or any city prosecutor or city attorney described in subdivision (a) of Section 17206, the State Sealer or the county sealer within their respective jurisdictions, shall provide all reports and records regarding any actions that occurred within the four months prior to the date of the written request in which civil penalties were levied pursuant to this section or liability for costs incurred are determined pursuant to Section 12015.5. (h) No investigative costs shall be imposed pursuant to Section 12015.5 for violations for which civil penalties are imposed pursuant to this section.

12015.5. Any person convicted of violating any of the provisions of this division, or, except as provided in Section 12015.3, any person who is determined to be civilly liable for violating any of the provisions of this division, shall be liable for reasonable costs incurred in investigating the action.


12016. Any person who hinders or obstructs in any way any sealer, in the performance of his official duties, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

12017. All officers, directors and managers of corporations, whose respective corporations use or sell any weights, measures, or weighing or measuring instruments which are subject to inspection shall comply with the provisions of this division on behalf of their respective corporations; and all officers, directors and managers of corporations, whose respective corporations sell any commodity which is subject to inspection shall comply with the provisions of this division on behalf of their respective corporations. In case any corporation violates any of the provisions of this division, the corporation and the officers thereof directly concerned with the act or acts constituting such violation shall be severally guilty of a misdemeanor.


12018. Any person neglecting or refusing to exhibit any weight, measure, weighing or measuring instrument, or appliances and accessories connected therewith in his possession or under his control, to any sealer for inspection and examnation is guilty of a misdemeanor.


12019. A false weight or measure is one which does not conform to the standard established or recognized by this division.


12020. It shall be unlawful for any person, by himself or through or for another, to use for commercial purposes any weight or measure or weighing, measuring or counting instrument, knowing it to be "incorrect" as this term is defined in subdivision (d) of Section 12500. Every person who violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor.


12021. Every person who knowingly marks or stamps false or short weight or measure, or knowingly takes false tare, on any container, or knowingly sells any container so marked, is guilty of a misdemeanor.

12022. Every person who, in putting up in any container, goods usually sold by weight, puts in or conceals therein any other substance including moisture, except such moisture as may be included or absorbed by the goods or commodity contained therein during preparation for market or processing in accordance with ordinary commercial practice, for the purpose of increasing the weight of such container with intent thereby to sell the goods therein or to enable another to sell the same, for an increased weight, is punishable by fine of not less than twenty-five dollars ($25) for each offense. The amount of added moisture contained in poultry meat as defined in Section 380.20 of the Agricultural Code shall not exceed 4 percent by weight or any greater amount established by regulation of the director.


12022.5. Fresh meat or roasts of any kind or cut shall be exposed, advertised, offered for sale or sold on the basis of net weight of the fresh meat or roast only, and any added fat of any kind whatsoever either wrapped within or injected with a larding needle or otherwise inserted in such fresh meat or roast shall be considered as tare weight only. Notwithstanding the above provision, added fat shall not be considered tare weight if the meat package containing such added fat is clearly and prominently labeled in eight-point type or larger with the term "fat added."


12023. Except as provided elsewhere in this code any person who by himself or his employee or agent, or as the employee or agent of another, sells any commodity according to gross weight or measure is guilty of a misdemeanor.

12023.5. Notwithstanding any other provision of this code or any other law, jute cordage, hard fiber cordage, and hard fiber twine (whether covered or uncovered) may be marked and sold on a gross weight basis. The provisions of the fore-going sentence shall not apply to sales in retail stores for consumer use of any such product which has been removed from the wrapper or container in which it was received by the retailer.


12024. Every person, who by himself or herself, or through or for another, sells any commodity in less quantity than he or she represents it to be is guilty of a misdemeanor, except as provided in Section 12024.3.

12024.1. Every person, by himself, or through or for another, who willfully misrepresents a charge for service rendered on the basis of weight, time, measure, or count is guilty of a misdemeanor.


12024.2. (a) It is unlawful for any person, at the time of sale of a commodity, to do any of the following: (1) Charge an amount greater than the price, or to compute an amount greater than a true extension of a price per unit, that is then advertised, posted, marked, displayed, or quoted for that commodity. (2) Charge an amount greater than the lowest price posted on the commodity itself or on a shelf tag that corresponds to the commodity, notwithstanding any limitation of the time period for which the posted price is in effect. (b) A violation of this section is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less than twenty-five dollars ($25) nor more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), by imprisonment in the county jail for a period not exceeding one year, or by both, if the violation is willful or grossly negligent, or when the overcharge is more than one dollar ($1). (c) A violation of this section is an infraction punishable by a fine of not more than one hundred dollars ($100) when the overcharge is one dollar ($1) or less. (d) As used in subdivisions (b) and (c), "overcharge" means the amount by which the charge for a commodity exceeds a price that is advertised, posted, marked, displayed, or quoted to that consumer for that commodity at the time of sale. (e) Except as provided in subdivision (f), for purposes of this section, when more than one price for the same commodity is advertised, posted, marked, displayed, or quoted, the person offering the commodity for sale shall charge the lowest of those prices. (f) Pricing may be subject to a condition of sale, such as membership in a retailer-sponsored club, the purchase of a minimum quantity, or the purchase of multiples of the same item, provided that the condition is conspicuously posted in the same location as the price.

12024.3. (a) For commodities prepackaged and sold or offered for sale on the same premises, a violation of Section 12024 is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less than fifty dollars ($50) nor more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), by imprisonment in the county jail for a period not exceeding one year, or by both, if any of the following occurs: (1) The violation is willful. (2) The total monetary value of the shortage, calculated on the basis of the average error of an individual lot, exceeds two dollars ($2), as determined pursuant to regulations adopted pursuant to Section 12211. (3) The total monetary value of shortages, calculated on the basis of the average error of each individual lot, as determined from a sample of packages selected pursuant to regulations adopted pursuant to Section 12211, within all lots found to be in violation of Section 12024 at a single location, exceeds ten dollars ($10). (b) For commodities prepackaged and sold or offered for sale on the same premises, a violation of Section 12024 is an infraction, punishable by a fine of not more than one hundred dollars ($100), if the violation is of less monetary value than that specified in subdivision (a) and it is not willful.


12024.5. It is unlawful for any person to sell or advertise for sale any dressed poultry or any other fowl or rabbit in dressed form, either cooked or uncooked, or smoked, fresh, frozen, cooked, dried, or pickled meats or fish other than by weight determined at the time of sale on a scale properly sealed in accordance with this division. Any commodity specified in this section, however, need not be weighed at the time of sale if at that time it is packed in a package or container upon which appears the net weight of the commodity therein. Except as provided below, any person, including, but not limited to, a manufacturer, processor, packer, wholesaler, or jobber that packs any commodity specified in this section in any package which is intended for retail sale, shall mark the net weight of the commodity therein upon the package. Packages of these products intended for retail sale need not be marked by the packer with the net weight of the commodity if they are to be marked with the net weight of the commodity by the retailer who purchases or receives the packages from the packer. This section does not apply to any of the following ready-to-eat food items: (a) Items sold for consumption on the premises. (b) Items sold as one of three or more different elements, excluding condiments, comprising a ready-to-eat meal sold as a unit, for consumption elsewhere than on the premises where sold. (c) Ready-to-eat meat, poultry, or seafood cooked or heated on the premises but not packaged in advance of sale. (d) Sandwiches when offered or exposed for sale on the premises where packed or produced and not intended for resale.


12024.55. Packages of meat, fish, or poultry offered for sale by door-to-door salespersons shall display the price per pound for each type and cut in the package. The price per pound shall be separately and accurately stated and shall be preceded by the words "price per pound" on each principal display panel of the package, as the term "principal display panel" is defined by regulations of the director adopted pursuant to Section 12610. All numbers and letters of the price per pound shall be of uniform size, at least one-quarter inch (6.35 millimeters) in height, and shall be generally parallel to the net quantity statement. There shall in addition be an area surrounding the statement of price at least equal in width to the height of the letters and numbers in the statement of price which shall be free of any printed material.


12024.6. No person, firm, corporation, or association shall advertise, solicit, or represent by any means, a product for sale or purchase if it is intended to entice a consumer into a transaction different from that originally represented.


12024.7. Any person who sells meat directly to the consumer on the basis of primal cuts or carcass weight shall supply the buyer with an accurate statement of weight at time of sale of the carcass or primal cut purchased, and shall supply a complete and accurate statement which shall contain the weight of the meat delivered to the buyer and the number and type of cuts. When any fruits, vegetables, or other food products are sold as part of a combination sale with meat sold directly to the consumer on the basis of primal cuts or carcass weight, the seller shall supply an itemized statement showing the net quantity of any fruits, vegetables, and other food products delivered to the buyer. This section shall also apply to any person who custom cuts any meat animal carcass or part of such carcass for the owner, except the carcass of any game mammal taken as authorized by the Fish and Game Code.


12024.8. The provisions of Section 12024.5 shall not apply to fish not used for human consumption.


12024.9. (a) All terms contained in this section which are defined by the United States Department of Agriculture shall have the same meaning as defined by such department. (b) "Retail cuts" as used in this section shall mean a cut of meat from a primal cut for direct sale to the consumer. (c) "Freezer meat" as used in this section means any uncooked meat which is sold directly to the consumer on the basis of primal cuts, carcass weight or any specified portion of a carcass, other than retail cuts. (d) "Variety pack" as used in this section means freezer meat cut or packaged, or both, into retail cuts or other frozen food products, or both, sold for a stipulated total price. (e) "Consumer" as used in this section means any purchaser of freezer meat or variety pack meat. (f) Whenever any retail cuts of meat are sold in a variety pack the retailer shall furnish, at the time of sale, an itemization of the total net weight of each of the various retail cuts sold and the total net weight of the entire meat purchase, and a separate itemization shall be furnished for frozen food products other than meat indicating price and weight of each product. (g) Whenever freezer meat is sold directly to the consumer, the consumer shall be supplied at the time of sale with the weight of the carcass or primal cuts before cutting and a complete and accurate inventory which shall contain the net weight of meat delivered. The consumer shall also be supplied with complete cutting instructions for each cut of meat processed and an exact inventory of each such cut. The consumer shall also be furnished with the total weight of ground meat from carcass or primal cuts. (h) A half of beef shall consist of a forequarter and a hindquarter from the same animal. When beef is sold as a half of beef, the consumer shall be furnished an invoice listing the weight of each such quarter. Not more than 8 percent tolerance differential shall be allowed. (i) Whenever the consumer buys freezer meats or variety packs, the entire order shall be delivered to the consumer or held and maintained in storage and available for such consumer.


12024.10. A true and legible copy of each document issued pursuant to Section 12024.7 or 12024.9 shall be retained by the person, company, or corporation issuing the document for a period of one year and shall be made available for inspection by a sealer upon request. This section shall not apply to primal cuts of meat which are smaller than one quarter of a carcass.


12024.11. The director shall adopt necessary rules and regulations pertaining to the sale or advertisement of wood for fuel purposes in order to standardize quantities of measurement and to protect against deceptive marketing practices.

12025. Any person, who by himself, or his employee or agent, or as a proprietor or manager, refuses to exhibit any commodity being sold at a given weight or quantity, or ordinarily so sold, to a sealer for the purpose of allowing the same to be proved as to the quantity thereof is guilty of a misdemeanor.

12025.5. Whenever any commodity or any container is ordered off sale under the provisions of Section 12211 or Section 12607 of this division, the sealer shall cause the commodity or container affected by such off-sale order to be identified by a tag or other suitable device with the words "off sale." It shall be unlawful to remove or obliterate any such tag or device placed upon such commodity or container or in any way dispose of or commingle such commodity or container or prepare, pack, place, deliver for shipment, deliver for sale, sell, or cause to be loaded, shipped, or transported, any such commodity or container before it has been released by the sealer.


12026. (a) Except as otherwise specifically provided, any person violating any of the provisions of this division is guilty of a misdemeanor. (b) It is unlawful for any person to violate any of the rules, regulations, tolerances, specifications, or standards adopted under the provisions of this division.

12026.5. Except as otherwise specifically provided, the remedies or penalties provided by this division are cumulative to each other and to the remedies or penalties available under all other laws of this state.

12027. The director may make such rules and regulations as are reasonably necessary for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this division.


Chapter 2. Administration

Article 1. State Administration

Ca Codes (bpc:12100-12108) Business And Professions Code Section 12100-12108



12100. Where not otherwise provided by law, the Department of Food and Agriculture has general supervision of the weights and measures and weighing and measuring devices sold or used in the state.


12101. The department shall investigate conditions in the various counties and cities in respect to weights and measures, and to the sale of goods, wares and merchandise, commodities and foodstuffs in containers.

12102. The department shall annually report to the Governor, and shall prior to each regular session report to the Legislature the work under this division, and shall make such recommendations as may be proper and necessary.

12103. The department shall keep a complete record of all of its acts, a record of prosecutions, and the reports of the various sealers. These records and reports shall be open to the public.


12103.5. The duty of enforcing this division and carrying out its provisions and requirements is vested in the director and in each sealer acting under the supervision and direction of the director.


12104. (a) The department shall issue instructions and make recommendations to the county sealers, and the instructions and recommendations shall govern the procedure to be followed by these officers in the discharge of their duties. (b) Instructions and recommendations which are made to insure statewide weights and measures protection shall include a local administration cost analysis utilizing data provided by the county sealer. The cost analysis shall identify the joint programs or activities for which funds necessary to maintain adequate county administration and enforcement have not been provided. The director shall develop, jointly with the county sealers, county priorities for the enforcement programs and activities of the director. (c) The director shall, upon request, report to the Legislature his or her findings concerning the cost analysis with specific regard to programs where funds are inadequate for an efficient enforcement program, together with a listing of the priorities jointly established by the director and the county sealers that are contained in the formal instructions and recommendations.


12104.5. The director may allocate annually to each county an amount determined by the director not to exceed one-third of the amount expended by the county pursuant to this division during the previous fiscal year for weights and measures programs. The allocation shall be made from funds appropriated to the director for the administration and enforcement of this division at the local level.

12105. The department shall, at a frequency determined by the director, inspect the work of the local sealers and may inspect the weights, measures, balances or any other weighing or measuring devices of any person.

12106. The department shall, at least once annually and as often as requested by the Department of General Services or the executive officer of a state institution, test the scales, weights and measures used in checking the receipt and disbursement of supplies in any state institution, and shall report in writing its findings to the executive officer of the institution concerned.


12106.5. The director may accept the testing and sealing of weighing and measuring devices by another state upon a finding that the requirements of California for testing and sealing such devices have been met.

12107. The director shall establish tolerances and specifications and other technical requirements for commercial weighing and measuring. In doing so, the director shall adopt, by reference, the latest standards as recommended by the National Conference on Weights and Measures and published in the National Institute of Standards and Technology Handbook 44 "Specifications and Tolerances, and other Technical Requirements for Weighing and Measuring Devices," except as specifically modified, amended, or rejected by regulation adopted by the director. The director may, by regulation, establish tolerances and specifications for commercial weighing and measuring devices not included in Handbook 44. Any regulation shall be adopted, amended, or repealed in conformity with Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code. It shall be unlawful for any person to violate any of the rules, regulations, tolerances, specifications, or standards established under this section.

12107.1. The director, by regulation, may establish a standard or standards of net weight or net measure, or net count of any commodity, except any manufactured commodity consisting of four or more staple ingredients. These standards, whenever applicable, shall be based upon published, official federal or state specifications and requirements or, in the absence of any such published official specifications, upon established and accepted common usage. Any regulation shall be adopted, amended, or repealed in conformity with the provisions of Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code. Whenever a standard, net weight, net measure, or net count has been established for any commodity, it is unlawful to sell the commodity by, at, or for a quantity greater or less than the standard.

12108. The director may arrange for the services of a sealer employed in a county on a collaborative basis and allow reasonable compensation and expenses for the purpose of performing services not already within his duties and which are subject to administration or enforcement by the department under the provisions of this code or of the Agricultural Code.


Article 2. Local Administration

Ca Codes (bpc:12200-12214) Business And Professions Code Section 12200-12214



12200. There is in each county the office of county sealer of weights and measures. The county sealer shall be appointed by the board of supervisors, except in chartered counties where a different method of appointment is prescribed. The term of office of such sealer is four years from and after his appointment and until his successor is appointed but he may be removed as hereinafter provided. In addition to his salary each sealer is entitled to his necessary traveling and other expenses incurred in the performance of his duties. A county sealer may, with the consent of the power appointing him, appoint deputies or inspectors when necessary or expedient to carry out the duties of his office. Such deputies or inspectors shall serve at the pleasure of the county sealer. The sealer may employ such clerks and employees as may be approved by the appointing power. Any such clerk or employee shall not have authority to enforce the provisions of this chapter. A county may in its discretion refer to a deputy county sealer as a weights and measures inspector.


12201. If from any cause a vacancy occurs in the office of county sealer, the director upon learning of the vacancy shall immediately transmit to the board of supervisors or other appointing power a list of persons licensed by him or her for the position. If the appointing power fails to appoint a county sealer within 60 days after the receipt of the list, the director shall appoint a county sealer from that list. A person holding the position of Deputy State Sealer shall be appointed the county sealer of weights and measures for, and an employee of, the county to which he or she is assigned. The director shall issue to him or her a license which is valid only for the county he or she is serving. He or she shall become subject to this code.


12201.1. The salary and other compensation provided for the county sealer, deputy county sealers and inspectors and clerks shall be paid out of the county treasury in the same manner and at the same time as other county officers are paid. The county sealer, deputy county sealers and inspectors shall each be entitled to receive his traveling and incidental expenses incurred in the performance of his duties.


12201.2. If the position of sealer cannot be filled by the board of supervisors or other appointing power or by the director as provided in Section 12201, then it shall be the duty of the director to perform the duties of sealer in the same manner, to the same extent, and with the same authority as if he had been the duly appointed sealer therein. The board of supervisors of such county shall reimburse the department for all expenses incurred by the director in fulfilling his responsibilities under the provisions of this section.

12202. (a) The director shall cause to be examined persons desiring to become county sealers, deputy county sealers, or inspectors and shall adopt rules and regulations governing these examinations given for the purpose of determining the fitness, experience, and qualifications of candidates for these positions. The director may provide for inspectors qualified to be employed in designated categories. Successful candidates shall be given a license which shall be good for five years unless revoked. Licenses of incumbent county sealers, deputy county sealers, or inspectors shall be renewed upon expiration without further examination. (b) The director may charge each candidate a fee to cover the actual cost of providing the license examination.


12203. Except as provided in this section, no person shall hereafter be appointed to the office of county sealer, deputy county sealer or inspector unless he or she has a license issued by the director as provided in Section 12202. If there is no person available for the position of county sealer who holds a license, the appointing power may make a temporary appointment of a person recommended in writing by the director. If the appointing power does not make a temporary appointment and no person can be appointed from the eligible list by the director, then the director may make a temporary appointment of a person competent to carry on the duties of the office. Any such temporary appointment shall be for a period not exceeding six months or until the next license examination is held. If the position of deputy county sealer or inspector cannot be filled from the lists, a temporary appointment may be made, upon the written recommendation of the director for a period not exceeding six months.

12204. In chartered counties providing for the civil service examination of sealers, deputy sealers, or inspectors the director shall issue a license without further examination upon presentation of a certificate showing the candidate has passed the examination. In these counties the board or commission responsible for the civil service examination may require a license from the director as a minimum qualification.


12205. For the purpose of advising himself on the best and most efficacious methods of performing his duties and conducting his office, every county sealer serving in a county shall attend the annual meeting of the California Association of Weights and Measures Officials and such other meetings as the department or the board of supervisors requires. The county sealer shall be allowed all actual and necessary traveling expenses incurred while on any service that requires him to go outside the county. Those expenses shall be a charge against the county in which the county sealer is employed.


12206. The jurisdiction of a county sealer appointed by a county or the director extends over the entire territorial limits of the county.

12207. The department shall furnish an identification card to each sealer. The identification card shall be a form as prescribed by the department and shall be returned to the department by the sealer upon termination of his duties as a sealer.


12209. Every sealer shall: (a) Carefully preserve all copies of the standards of weights and measures in his possession; (b) Keep the copies in a safe and suitable place when not actually in use; (c) Annually and at such other times as the department requires file with the department a written report of the work done by him, of the weights, measures, weighing and measuring instruments inspected or tested by him, the result of such inspection, of all prosecutions instituted by him for violations of the provisions of this division and of all other matters and things pertaining to his duties or which may be required by the department.


12209.5. Each sealer may, when so directed by the board of supervisors, issue and cause to be distributed to such persons as he may deem proper illustrative material or statements best adapted to insure the correct use of weights and measures and weighing and measuring devices and may prepare exhibits designed to inform the public for its protection of the duties performed by weights and measures officials.


12209.6. (a) A county sealer may test and certify the accuracy of all parking meters located in the county in which the sealer has jurisdiction, including, but not limited to, parking meters owned or operated by a city, county, or a city and county. (b) If the county sealer determines that a specific parking meter is inaccurate, the sealer shall notify the owner or operator of the meter, may immediately close the meter, and any person may park a vehicle free of charge in the parking space to which the inaccurate meter corresponds until the owner or operator replaces or repairs the inaccurate parking meter. (c) For purposes of this section, an "inaccurate parking meter" means a parking meter that provides less time than is paid for by a person using the metered parking space.

12210. (a) Each sealer shall, within his or her county inspect, try and test all weights, scales, beams, measures of any kind, instruments or mechanical devices for weighing or measurements, and tools, appliances and accessories connected with any or all such instruments or measures, sold, or used by any proprietor, agent, lessee or employee for commercial purposes, as defined in subdivision (e) of Section 12500. (b) Each sealer shall, when so directed by the board of supervisors of his or her county, and only upon the written request of any person, firm or corporation, calibrate, test, weigh, and measure, and certify to the accuracy of, noncommercial weights and measures and weighing and measuring devices, and instruments, tools, and accessories connected therewith. The board of supervisors may authorize the sealer to establish from time to time a schedule of fees to cover the cost of such service and to charge and collect the fees.

12210.5. Any county which inspects or tests any weighing or measuring device or instrument used commercially, at the request of the owner or user of such device, when such inspection or testing of the device could legally be performed by a registered repairman, may, if authorized by the county board of supervisors, collect from the requesting owner or user thereof a fee. Such fee shall be based upon a uniform schedule of fees, which shall be prescribed by the director for use by the counties. The director shall prepare the schedule of fees to be comparable with the rates charged by the industry's registered repairmen. All fees collected shall be credited to the general fund of the county in which collected and used only for the administration and enforcement of laws pertaining to weights and measures.


12211. Each sealer shall, from time to time, weigh or measure packages, containers, or amounts of commodities sold, or in the process of delivery, in order to determine whether they contain the quantity or amount represented and whether they are being sold in accordance with law. The secretary shall adopt necessary regulations governing the procedures to be followed by sealers in connection with the weighing or measuring of amounts of commodities in individual packages, containers, or lots of packages or containers, including the procedures for sampling a lot, and for determining whether any package, container, or a lot of packages or containers complies with this section. In adopting those regulations, the secretary shall adopt by reference the package checking procedures recommended by the National Conference on Weights and Measures and published in the current edition of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Handbook 133, "Checking the Net Contents of Packaged Goods," and any subsequent amendments thereto, except insofar as those requirements are specifically modified, amended, or rejected by a regulation adopted by the secretary. Any lot, package, or container of any commodity that conforms to this section shall be deemed to be in conformity with this division relating to stated net weights or measures. Whenever a lot, package, or container of any commodity is found to contain, through the procedures authorized in this section, a less amount than that represented, the sealer shall order, in writing, that lot, package, or container of commodity off sale and require that an accurate statement of quantity be placed on each package or container before it may be released for sale by the sealer in writing. The sealer may seize as evidence any package or container that is found to contain a less amount than that represented.


12212. The director shall adopt necessary regulations governing the inspection frequency of all commercially used weights, measures and weighing and measuring apparatus in the state. The sealer of each county shall perform such inspections as may be required by the director. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit the sealer from inspecting a device more frequently than required if he deems such tests necessary. Any such regulation shall be adopted by the director in conformity with the provisions of Chapter 4.5 (commencing with Section 11371) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code. In counties where the director finds that the sealer, because of lack of equipment, is unable or fails to perform such tests as required herein, the director may enter into a contract with the board of supervisors of each of such counties to perform such tests. Such contracts shall provide that the county shall pay the cost of such services based upon a uniform schedule of fees developed by the director. Such fee schedule shall be based on the approximate cost of performing such services. Such contracts shall also provide that the director shall periodically render a bill to each county so served for the cost of services rendered, and the auditor of the county so billed shall pay such charge in the same manner in which other claims against the county are paid. All fees collected under the provisions of this section shall be credited to the General Fund.

12213. Each sealer may, in the general performance of his duty, without formal warrant, enter or go into or upon, any stand, place, building or premises or stop any vendor, peddler, junk-dealer, driver of a coal, ice, delivery, or other wagon or vehicle, containing commodities for sale or delivery and, if necessary, require him to proceed with the commodity to some place which the sealer may specify for the purpose of making the proper tests.


12214. (a) Upon satisfactory evidence presented to the director that the county sealer of any county is guilty of neglect of duty, incompetence, or misconduct in office, the trial board hereinafter provided for shall hold a hearing or hearings at times and places that it shall provide. (b) The director and the president of the voluntary association of the sealers of the state shall select an impartial third person who, with them, shall compose a county sealer's trial board to determine whether the sealer is guilty of the charges presented. (c) At least 10 days prior to the date of hearing, the director shall give notice in writing to the sealer of the time and place of hearing and any information as to the nature of the charges that will enable the sealer to make a defense thereto. (d) At the hearing or hearings, the trial board shall hear evidence that is offered and thereafter, within 30 days, make an order dismissing the charges or an order disqualifying the sealer. (e) In case the order disqualifies the sealer, the director shall forthwith revoke the sealer's license and declare the office vacant and a copy of the order shall be immediately transmitted by the director to the board of supervisors and the auditor of the county in which the sealer held office. (f) The license of a deputy sealer or inspector may be revoked in the same manner and for the same causes that a license of a sealer may be revoked.


Article 2.1. Fees And Charges

Ca Codes (bpc:12240-12246) Business And Professions Code Section 12240-12246



12240. (a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the board of supervisors, by ordinance, may charge an annual registration fee, not to exceed the county's total cost of actually inspecting or testing the devices as required by law, to recover the costs of inspecting or testing weighing and measuring devices required of the county sealer pursuant to Section 12210, and to recover the cost of carrying out Section 12211. (b) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the annual registration fee shall not exceed the amount set forth in subdivisions (f) to (n), inclusive. (c) The county may collect the fees biennially, in which case they shall not exceed twice the amount of an annual registration fee. The ordinance shall be adopted pursuant to Article 7 (commencing with Section 25120) of Chapter 1 of Part 2 of Division 2 of Title 2 of the Government Code. (d) Retail gasoline pump meters, for which the above-fees are assessed, shall be inspected as frequently as required by regulation, but not less than once every two years. (e) Livestock scales, animal scales and scales used primarily for weighing feed and seed, for which the above fees are assessed, shall be inspected as frequently as required by regulation. (f) For purposes of this section, the annual registration fee for a business that uses a commercial weighing or measuring device or devices shall consist of a business location fee, and a device fee, as specified in subdivisions (g) to (n), inclusive. The business location fee and device fee shall not exceed the following: (1) Beginning January 1, 2006, sixty dollars ($60) per business location, plus 60 percent of the maximum applicable device fee listed in subdivisions (h) to (n), inclusive. (2) Beginning January 1, 2007, eighty dollars ($80) per business location, plus 80 percent of the maximum applicable device fee listed in subdivisions (h) to (n), inclusive. (3) Beginning January 1, 2008, and thereafter, one hundred dollars ($100) per business location, plus 100 percent of the maximum applicable device fee listed in subdivisions (h) to (n), inclusive. (g) For marinas, mobilehome parks, recreational vehicle parks, and apartment complexes, where the owner of the marina, park, or complex owns and is responsible for the utility meters, the device fee shall not exceed two dollars ($2) per device per space or apartment. Marinas, mobilehome parks, recreational vehicle parks, and apartment complexes for which the above fees are assessed shall be inspected and tested as frequently as required by regulation. (h) For weighing devices, other than livestock, with capacities of 10,000 pounds or greater, the device fee shall not exceed two hundred fifty dollars ($250) per device; for weighing devices, other than livestock scales, with capacities of at least 2,000 pounds but less than 10,000 pounds, the device fee shall not exceed one hundred fifty dollars ($150) per device. (i) This section does not apply to farm milk tanks. (j) A scale or device used in a certified farmers' market, as defined by Section 113745 of the Health and Safety Code, is not required to be registered in the county where the market is conducted, if the scale or device has an unexpired seal for the current year, issued by a licensed California county sealer. (k) For livestock scales with capacities of 10,000 pounds or greater, the device fee shall not exceed one hundred fifty dollars ($150) per device; for livestock scales with capacities of at least 2,000 pounds but less than 10,000 pounds, the device fee shall not exceed one hundred dollars ($100) per device. (l) For liquified petroleum gas (LPG) meters, truck mounted or stationary, the device fee shall not exceed one hundred seventy-five dollars ($175) per device. (m) For wholesale and vehicle meters, the device fee shall not exceed twenty-five dollars ($25) per device. (n) For all other commercial weighing or measuring devices not listed in subdivisions (g) to (m), inclusive, the device fee shall not exceed twenty dollars ($20) per device. For the purposes of this subdivision, the total annual registration fee shall not exceed the sum of one thousand dollars ($1,000), for each business location. (o) For the purposes of this section, a single business location is defined as: (1) Each vehicle containing one or more commercial devices. (2) Each business location that uses different categories or types of commercial devices that require the use of specialized testing equipment and that necessitates not more than one inspection trip by a weights and measures official.

12242. The revenue from any fee charged pursuant to Section 12240 shall be deposited in the general fund of the county and used solely for the activities required by Sections 12210 and 12211.


12243. In addition to providing notice as otherwise required, before adopting an ordinance charging fees pursuant to Section 12240, the board of supervisors shall hold at least one public meeting, at which oral or written presentations can be made, as part of a regularly scheduled meeting. Notice of the time and place of the meeting, including a general explanation of the matter to be considered, and a statement that the information required by this section is available, shall be mailed at least 14 days prior to the meeting to any interested party who files a written request with the board of supervisors. Any written request for the mailed notices shall be valid for one year from the date on which it is filed unless a renewal request is filed. Renewal requests for the mailed notices shall be filed on or before April 1 of each year. The board of supervisors may establish a reasonable annual charge for sending the notices based on the estimated cost of providing that service. At least 10 days prior to the meeting, the board of supervisors shall make available to the public information indicating the amount of cost, or estimated cost, required to provide the service for which the fee is charged and the revenue sources anticipated to provide the service, including general fund revenues. If the fees create revenues in excess of actual cost, those revenues shall be used to reduce the fee creating the excess.

12244. Any costs incurred by the board of supervisors in conducting the required meeting may be recovered from fees charged for the services which were the subject of the meeting.


12246. This article shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2013, and as of that date is repealed, unless a later enacted statute that is enacted before January 1, 2013, deletes or extends that date.


Chapter 3. Standards Of Weights And Measures

Ca Codes (bpc:12300-12314) Business And Professions Code Section 12300-12314



12300. Contracts made within this State for work to be done or for anything to be sold or delivered by weight or measure shall be construed according to the common standards, or according to the weights and measures of the metric system authorized by Congress, as the contract provides.


12301. No contract or pleading is invalid or subject to objection because the weights or measures expressed or referred to therein are weights or measures of the metric system.


12303. The state standards of weights and measures by which all state and county standards of weights and measures shall be tried, proved, and sealed include the following standards, provided the standards have been certified relative to national standards under the direction of the National Bureau of Standards: (a) Metrological standards provided by the United States. (b) Metrological standards procured by the state. (c) Metrological standards in the possession of county sealers. (d) Metrological standards in the possession of laboratories certified to perform measurement services pursuant to Section 12500.7.

12304. The standards of the state shall be kept in a suitable laboratory location or, if transportable, shall be maintained under environmental conditions appropriate for maintaining the integrity of the unit of measure represented by the standard. The standards shall be directly certified by the National Bureau of Standards or by any measurement assurance procedures approved by the National Bureau of Standards.


12305. The standards of the state shall be used to certify similar standards and any dissimilar standards which are dependent on the values represented by the state standards. Copies of the standards which have been compared and certified against the state standards shall become working standards which shall be used in the certification, calibration, and sealing of county field standards, and in the certification, calibration, and sealing of measurement devices submitted by state and local government agencies or by industry.

12308. The legislative body of each county shall, upon the appointment of a sealer provide copies of the State's standards of weights and measures at county expense. These copies shall be verified and certified to by the department.


12309. The department shall, at the request of the legislative body of any county, furnish copies of the standard weights and measures of the State at the expense of the county requesting them. It shall upon request of the legislative body of any county or upon the request of a sealer of any such county test and approve copies of the State's standards of weights and measures procured by such county to be used by a county sealer. Copies furnished under the provisions of this section or copies tested and approved shall be true and correct; shall be sealed and certified to; and stamped with the letter "C." Such copies need not be of the same material or construction as the standards of the State and such copies may be furnished in any suitable materials or construction that the county requiring the same may specify, subject to the approval of the department.

12310. The department, or a laboratory designated by the department which has been certified pursuant to Section 12500.7, shall certify the standards of the county sealers as often as may be deemed by the director to be necessary, based upon a review of statistical data resulting from previous certifications, but in no event shall the period of time between certifications exceed 10 years. In the absence of statistical data, standards shall be certified at least every two years. Sealers shall, upon the request of the department, deliver for testing those standards in their possession which are used in the discharge of their duties. Direct expenses incurred in the certification process shall be borne by the state, while any incidental expense, such as the cost of transportation, shall be borne by the county whose standards have been certified.


12310.5. The department shall, upon request, certify and verify the various types of standards of weights and measures used by industry in accordance with the standards certified by the National Bureau of Standards, when such standards are submitted to the department for verification and certification. The department shall establish a schedule of fees sufficient to cover the cost of furnishing such services. All money received under the provisions of this section shall be paid into the State Treasury and credited to the Department of Agriculture Fund to be expended by the department for the administration of the provisions of this section.


12311. Every sealer having knowledge that a county standard may be incorrect, regardless of the cause, shall notify the department of the condition, and shall, if deemed by the department to be necessary, arrange to have the standard in question retested, adjusted, or replaced.


12312. In any prosecution for a violation of any of the provisions of this division any copy of the standards of weights and measures of the State furnished, procured, and certified to under the provisions of this division, shall be admitted in evidence upon the trial as prima facie true and correct.

12313. The definitions of basic units of weight and measure, and the tables of weight and measure and weights and measures equivalents, as published by the National Bureau of Standards are recognized and shall govern weighing and measuring equipment and transactions in this state.


12314. The department, by regulation, may establish criteria and procedures for certification of laboratories to perform measurement services which are determined by the director to be beyond the existing equipment capabilities of the department, or when warranted by financial or workload considerations. The department shall recover actual costs for the certification of any laboratory from that laboratory. The director may revoke or suspend any certification issued pursuant to this section for good cause. The director shall establish by regulation criteria to be used when revoking or suspending any certification on the basis of good cause. Any proceeding to revoke or suspend any certification shall be conducted pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code, and the director shall have all the powers granted therein. Measurements performed and standards certified by laboratories certified under the provisions of this section shall qualify as prima facie evidence.


Chapter 5. Weighing And Measuring Devices

Ca Codes (bpc:12500-12517) Business And Professions Code Section 12500-12517



12500. As used in this chapter the following terms mean: (a) "Weighing instrument" means any device, contrivance, apparatus, or instrument used, or designed to be used, for ascertaining weight and includes any tool, appliance, or accessory used or connected therewith. (b) "Measuring instrument" means any device, contrivance, apparatus, or instrument used, or designed to be used, for ascertaining measure and includes any tool, appliance, or accessory used or connected therewith. (c) "Correct" means any weight or measure or weighing, measuring, or counting instrument which meet all of the tolerance and specification requirements established by the director pursuant to Section 12107. (d) "Incorrect" means any instrument which fails to meet all of the requirements of Section 12107. (e) "Commercial purposes" include the determination of the weight, measure, or count of any commodity or thing which is sold on the basis of weight, measure, or count; or the determination of the weight, measure, or count of any commodity or thing upon which determination a charge for service is based. Devices used in a determination upon which a charge for service is based include, but are not limited to, taximeters, odometers, timing devices, parcel scales, shipping scales, and scales used in the payment of agricultural workers. "Commercial purposes" do not include the determination of the weight, measure, or count of any commodity or thing which is performed within a plant or business as a part of the manufacturing, processing, or preparing for market of that commodity or thing, or the determination of charges for the transmission of letters or parcels of less than 150 pounds, except when that determination is made in the presence of the customer charged for the service.


12500.5. The director by rules and regulations shall provide for submission for approval of types or designs of weights, measures, or weighing, measuring, or counting instruments or devices, used for commercial purposes, and shall issue certificates of approval of such types or designs as he shall find to meet the requirements of this code and the tolerances and specifications thereunder. It shall be unlawful to sell or use for commercial purposes any weight or measure, or any weighing, measuring, or counting instrument or device, of a type or design which has not first been so approved by the department; provided, however, that any such weight, measure, instrument, or device in use for commercial purposes prior to the effective date of this act may be continued in use unless and until condemned under the provisions of this code.


12500.6. Notwithstanding Section 12500.5, the director may prohibit the sale or installation of any previously approved type or design of weight or measure or weighing, measuring, or counting instrument if the director determines the weight, measure, or instrument does not fulfill the purpose for which it was approved or that the weight, measure, or instrument is not identical to the approved type or design. The director may initiate proceedings pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code to determine whether the approval should be revoked or modified, and to determine the period of time that the owner or user of any accurate device for which type approval has been revoked or modified may continue to use that device for commercial purposes, pending the replacement or modification of the device.


12500.8. The director may enter into an agreement with the Office of Weights and Measures of the National Bureau of Standards of the Department of Commerce, and other weights and measures jurisdictions, to accept the certifications of each other for prototype examination purposes.

12500.9. The director shall charge and collect fees from persons submitting weighing and measuring devices for approval as required by Section 12500.5. Such fees are due and shall be collected upon completion of all prototype-approval testing. The fees shall be based upon the following criteria: (a) The moneys collected are intended to compensate the director for the costs of time, mileage, and equipment expended in providing prototype-approval service. (b) The director may compensate county sealers of weights and measures, other weights and measures jurisdictions, or private laboratories for furnishing equipment and assisting the department in conducting prototype-approval activities. (c) The amount of compensation provided for in subdivision (b) shall be based upon actual time, mileage, and equipment costs, as determined by the director. (d) The director may adopt rules and regulations necessary to implement the provisions of this section. All fees collected under the provisions of this section shall be credited to the General Fund.


12500.10. (a) A sealer shall cause to be removed from commercial usage any weighing, measuring, or counting instrument or device sold or used in violation of Section 12500.5. The instrument or device may be either seized or marked with a tag or other suitable device with the words "unapproved device". (b) Upon proof of compliance with Section 12500.5, the sealer shall remove the tag or device bearing the words "unapproved device". (c) If the owner or user of any weighing, measuring, or counting instrument or device marked "unapproved device" refused or neglected to have it brought into compliance with Section 12500.5 within 30 days after the instrument or device was so marked, it shall be subject to seizure by the sealer. Any instrument or device which has been seized by the sealer pursuant to this section shall be subject to disposition as ordered by a court of competent jurisdiction upon petition for a disposition order by the owner or by any person claiming an interest in the seized instrument or device. If no disposition order is issued within four years after the date of the seizure, that instrument or device shall be defaced, destroyed, or otherwise disposed of by the sealer. The sealer shall, immediately following the defacing, destruction, or disposal of that instrument or device, notify, in writing, the board of supervisors of the county in which the sealer is serving of that fact together with the name and address of the owner or user of the instrument or device.


12501. Except as provided in Section 12502 and, with respect to odometers, as is provided in Section 12501.1, every person who, for commercial purposes, sells weights or measures or weighing instruments or measuring instruments shall, within one year before selling the same, cause such weights or measures or weighing instruments or measuring instruments to be sealed by a sealer.


12501.1. Every person who uses, or intends to use, any weight or measure, or weighing or measuring instrument for commercial purposes shall, before using the same, cause them to be sealed by a sealer, unless they have been sealed before sale, in which case they may be used by the purchaser for the remainder of such period as is authorized in the regulations adopted by the director pursuant to Section 12212, or until they become "incorrect," as defined in subdivision (d) of Section 12500. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an odometer which has been tested by the manufacturer may be used commercially without further test during the remainder of the inspection period adopted by the director for odometers, but shall not be used commercially thereafter until it has been sealed by a sealer.


12501.2. Notwithstanding other provisions of this division, a sealer shall not be required to inspect, test or seal any scales or other weighing or measuring instruments to be sold for use or being used for commercial purposes and so located that the testing standards, in the amount deemed necessary for the proper testing, cannot be brought to the instrument to be tested by customary means, whenever the owner or user thereof has not rendered the instrument in question more readily available for the purpose of permitting an accurate test to be made before the end of six months after notice in writing from the sealer requiring that better means of accessibility be provided for testing such instrument.


12501.3. Notwithstanding any other requirements or provisions of this division, a sealer may permit the use of an unsealed device pending repairs if the device is in error only to the disadvantage of the user and if the user is always the seller. Such an unsealed device shall be repaired within 30 days.


12502. Any weighing or measuring instrument, which, after being sold and before being used for weighing or measuring, it is necessary to assemble or set up, may be sold without first being tested and sealed but shall be tested and sealed before being used.


12503. Upon a written request of any resident of a county, there appearing reasonable ground therefor, the sealer shall test or cause to be tested, as soon thereafter as is practicable, the weights, measures, or weighing or measuring instruments used for commercial purposes by the person designated in that request.


12504. Upon the written request of any person who intends to use or sell for commercial purposes any weight or measure, or weighing or measuring instrument in any county, the sealer for such county shall test or cause to be tested, as soon thereafter as is practicable, the weight or measure, or weighing or measuring instrument referred to in the request. Such written request shall not relieve the person making it from any violation of the provisions of this division or of the responsibility for using or selling any incorrect or unsealed weight, measure, or weighing or measuring instrument.


12505. Whenever a sealer examines any weight or measure or weighing, measuring, or counting instrument used for commercial purposes, and finds it to be correct, he or she shall seal or mark the weight, measure, or instrument with an appropriate device approved by the department, placed so as to provide optimum visibility to the customer, showing that the weight, measure, or instrument was inspected and indicating the date of the inspection.


12506. A sealer shall condemn and seize and may destroy incorrect weights and measures and weighing and measuring instruments used for commercial purposes, which in his or her best judgment are not susceptible of repair, but any which the sealer finds susceptible of repair, he or she shall cause to be marked with a tag or other suitable device with the words "Out of order."


12507. The owners or users of any weights and measures or weighing or measuring instruments which have been marked "Out of Order," shall have them repaired or corrected within 30 days, but until they have been repaired or corrected and tested the owners or users thereof may neither use nor dispose of them in any way. In the event that the owner or user of any weights or measures or weighing or measuring instruments marked "Out of Order" shall have refused or neglected to have them repaired or corrected within thirty (30) days they shall be subject to seizure by the sealer. Any weights or measures or weighing or measuring instruments which have been seized by the sealer under the provisions of this section shall be subject to such disposition as shall be ordered by a court of competent jurisdiction upon petition for a disposition order by the owner or by any person claiming an interest in such seized equipment. If no such disposition order is issued within four years after the date of seizure, such equipment shall be defaced and destroyed or otherwise disposed of by the sealer. The sealer shall, immediately following the defacing, destruction or disposal of such weights or measures or weighing or measuring instruments, furnish the board of supervisors of the county in which the sealer is serving, with a list of the items so disposed of together with the name and address of the owner or user of each thereof.

12508. Except as provided in Section 12509, any person who removes or oblitereates any tag or device placed upon any weight, measure, or weighing or measuring instrument by a sealer is guilty of a misdemeanor.

12509. When any weight, measure, or weighing or measuring instrument has been repaired and corrected, and has been reinspected and found correct the sealer shall remove the tag or device with the words "out of order," and shall seal and mark such weight, measure, or weighing or measuring instrument in the manner provided for the marking of the same where, upon inspection, it is found correct. Upon completion of corrective repairs or adjustments, and with the authorization from the sealer, a repairman may remove an "out of order" tag or device, and the weight, measure, or weighing or measuring instrument may be placed in service pending reinspection by the sealer.


12510. (a) Any person, who by himself or herself, or through or for another, does any of the following is guilty of a misdemeanor: (1) Uses, for commercial purposes, or retains in his or her possession an incorrect weight or measure or weighing or measuring instrument. (2) Sells any weight or measure used for commercial purposes, or weighing or measuring instrument which has not been sealed within one year, except weighing or measuring instruments required to be assembled prior to use. (3) Uses any condemned weight or measure or weighing or measuring instrument contrary to law. (4) Uses, for commercial purposes, or for determining the charge for a service, any weight or measure or weighing or measuring instrument which is not kept at a fixed location, which does not bear a current or previous year's seal, and which, upon test by the sealer, is found to be incorrect, unless a written request for an inspection of the weighing or measuring instrument has been made to the county sealer. However, the use of any weight or measure or weighing or measuring instrument used by a public utility in connection with measuring gas, electricity, water, steam, or communication service subject to the jurisdiction of the Public Utilities Commission is exempt from this chapter. (5) Sells or uses any device or instrument to be used or calculated to falsify any weight or measure. (6) So locates or positions a weighing or measuring device used in retail trade, except as used exclusively in the preparation of packages put up in advance of sale, that its indications cannot be accurately read by the purchaser under ordinary circumstances. (7) Uses, for commercial purposes, a weighing or measuring device designed to automatically compute price unless the computed price is a true mathematical computation of the amount times the price per unit. (8) Willfully and knowingly uses, for commercial purposes, a measuring device designed to automatically compute price unless the indicators of quantity and the total computed price on the device has been returned to zero prior to the beginning of each delivery of that commodity or thing. (9) Fails to deliver for test to a designated location after receipt of a written notice from a weights and measure official, any device that is ordinarily tested at a central location. (10) Sells, rents, leases, loans, or knowingly installs an incorrect weighing or measuring instrument for commercial purposes. (b) The possession of an incorrect weight or measure or weighing or measuring instrument or records thereof is prima facie evidence of intention to violate the law.


12511. Any weight, measure, or weighing or measuring instrument tested and found correct by any sealer may be used within this state without any further test for such period as is authorized in the regulations adopted by the director pursuant to Section 12212. If tested and sealed and certified to as correct by the National Bureau of Standards, any weight, measure, or weighing or measuring instrument may be sold without being first tested and sealed by a sealer. In either case, it shall be subject to inspection and testing notwithstanding that it has been tested and sealed either by a sealer or by the National Bureau of Standards.


12511.1. Notwithstanding any other provisions of this division, any weight or measure, or weighing or measuring instrument, found correct or corrected by a repairman, authorized pursuant to Section 12509, may be used commercially pending reinspection by a sealer.


12512. When the sale of any commodity is based upon a quantity representation either furnished by the purchaser or obtained through the use of equipment supplied by him, the purchaser shall in no case buy the commodity according to any quantity which is less than the true quantity. Violation of this section is a misdemeanor.


12513. Any sealing or testing of any weight, measure, weighing or measuring instrument by any employee of the department authorized for the purpose shall have the same force and effect as a sealing or testing by a sealer or his deputy.

12514. No sealer shall sell or be interested directly or indirectly in the sale of any weighing or measuring instrument, nor shall he accept a fee, compensation, or gratuity of any kind for adjusting or repairing any weighing or measuring instrument.


12515. (a) Any person having made repairs or adjustments to any weighing instrument or to any measuring instrument, or any person having sold, rented, leased, loaned, or installed any such instrument, who within 24 hours after the instrument has been sold, rented, leased, loaned, installed, repaired, or adjusted, fails to notify the sealer of the county in which the instrument has been sold, rented, leased, loaned, installed, repaired, or adjusted, that the sale, rent, lease, loan, installation, repair, or adjustment has been made, is guilty of a misdemeanor. (b) This section does not require notification to the sealer for an adjustment to a weighing or measuring instrument only for the purpose of maintaining it in a zero or balance condition.


12516. It shall be unlawful for any person to locate or position any scale used in connection with the auctioning of livestock so that its indications are not readily and clearly readable to the buyer and seller, unless a state certificate of weights and measures, made at the time of weighing, attesting to the weight of the livestock, is issued upon request to the buyer and seller.


12517. Every owner of a coin-operated person weigher shall place on such weigher, in a prominent position, in letters at least three-sixteenths inches in height and in bold type, the following statement: "This scale may not have been checked for accuracy."


Chapter 5.5. Service Agencies For Weighing And Measuring Devices

Article 1. Definitions

Ca Codes (bpc:12531) Business And Professions Code Section 12531



12531. As used in this chapter, the following definitions are applicable: (a) "Service agency" means any person, as defined in Section 12011, that for hire, award, commission, or any other payment of any kind, repairs a commercial device. (b) "Service agent" means any person employed by a service agency to repair a commercial device. (c) "Device" means any weighing or measuring equipment, contrivance, or instrument used, or designed to be used, for determining weight or measure, and includes any tool, appliance, or accessory used in connection therewith, that is used for commercial purposes as defined in subdivision (e) of Section 12500. (d) "Placed in service" means to permit the use of a device that has been tested and found to be correct, as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 12500, and type approved, as provided for in Section 12500.5, or to submit a device to a sealer for verification prior to installation. (e) "Correct" means any device that meets all of the tolerance and specification requirements of Section 12107. (f) "Repair," in any of its variant forms, means to provide maintenance, or to install, adjust, recondition, or service a device.


Article 2. Registration

Ca Codes (bpc:12532-12534) Business And Professions Code Section 12532-12534



12532. (a) No person shall engage in business as a service agency unless registered by the Secretary of Food and Agriculture pursuant to this chapter and unless the current registration fee and any penalty has been paid. (b) Applications for registration shall be in writing on a form prescribed by the department, and shall be accompanied by the required fee. (c) A service agency shall forward to the department the name or names of service agents employed by them, with the appropriate fees required by Section 12535. (d) A device may only be placed in service by a sealer or a service agency. A device used by a public utility in connection with measuring gas, electricity, water, steam, or communication service subject to the jurisdiction of the Public Utility Commission is exempt from the requirements of this chapter. (e) Except as provided in subdivision (f), no person who repairs a device is required to be registered if the device is placed into service by a sealer or service agency. (f) Vapor measuring devices operating at greater than 11 inches water column shall be installed by a service agency. (g) In the event of any change in the legal status of a registered service agency, the new legal entity shall obtain a new registration prior to operating as a service agency. (h) A service agency may employ or designate a licensed service agent to act for the service agency and shall be responsible for all acts of that person.


12533. Prior to the issuance of its registration or in order to maintain its current registration, a service agency shall do all of the following: (a) (1) Possess, or have available for use, standards and testing equipment necessary to meet the minimum testing requirements contained in the "Notes" section of the specific device regulation set forth in Division 9 (commencing with Section 4000) of Title 4 of the California Code of Regulations, for each type of device for which the service agency is providing service. (2) When applicable, the standards and testing equipment shall meet the specifications and tolerances published in the most current National Institute of Standards and Technology 105 Series Handbooks for Field Standard Weights (NIST Class F), Field Standard Measuring Flasks, and Graduated Neck Type Volumetric Field Standards. (b) Ensure that every service agent in its employ has a current service agent license. (c) Possess a current copy of Division 9 (commencing with Section 4000) of Title 4 of the California Code of Regulations, Field Reference Manual.

12534. Commencing January 1, 2001, a service agency shall use suitable and sufficient standards that are permanently and uniquely identified, and have a current certificate of accuracy provided by the department or by a laboratory certified pursuant to Section 12314, in the determination of a correct device.


Article 3. Fees

Ca Codes (bpc:12535-12537) Business And Professions Code Section 12535-12537



12535. (a) An application for service agency registration shall be accompanied by an annual fee of two hundred dollars ($200) for a primary maintenance location, and one hundred dollars ($100) for each additional maintenance location of the applicant, and twenty-five dollars ($25) for every person employed by a service agency as a service agent. (b) Each registration required by this chapter shall be renewed annually, on or before the first day of the first month of the service agency's registration year, by application to the department, accompanied by the annual registration fee. "Registration year" means the period of time beginning with the first day of the month the service agency is required to be registered in this state, and ending one year from date of issuance of the registration.


12536. Fees received by the department pursuant to this chapter shall be paid into the State Treasury to the credit of the Food and Agriculture Fund to be used for the administration and enforcement of this chapter.

12537. Sixty percent of the funds derived pursuant to this chapter shall be allocated by the secretary to counties that employ a sealer or director of weights and measures. The payment to each county shall be in proportion to the funds expended by the county in the enforcement of Division 5 (commencing with Section 12001).



Article 4. Examinations

Ca Codes (bpc:12540) Business And Professions Code Section 12540



12540. (a) Commencing on January 1, 2001, no person shall be employed by a service agency as a service agent unless he or she possesses a current license. (b) Commencing on January 1, 2001, applicants for a service agent license shall pass a written examination on the laws and regulations governing weights and measures. A passing score of 70 percent or greater is required to qualify for a license pursuant to this chapter. Examinations developed by the department may be taken by appointment in any county sealer's office or at a location designated by the Division of Measurement Standards. (c) An application for the examination to obtain a service agent license shall be in a form prescribed by the department and shall be accompanied by a fee established by the secretary to recover costs of examination administration, payable to the county in which the examination is given, or to the Division of Measurement Standards, if the examination is given by the department. (d) Every service agent shall be reexamined every five years. To maintain a service agent license, the reexamination shall be taken and passed on or before the date on which the examination was last taken and passed.


Article 5. Advisory Committee

Ca Codes (bpc:12541) Business And Professions Code Section 12541



12541. (a) The department shall establish a seven-member advisory committee consisting of the following members: (1) Two members representing registered service agencies. (2) Two members representing county sealers or directors of weights and measures. (3) One member representing device manufacturers. (4) One member representing industry clients of service agencies. (5) One member representing the general public. (b) Except as provided in subdivision (c), the term of office of the members of the committee is three years. Vacancies shall be filled by the department for any unexpired term. (c) Initial appointments to the committee shall be made as follows: (1) One representative of registered service agencies, and one representative of county sealers or directors of weights and measures shall be appointed for one year. (2) One representative of device manufacturers, one representative of county sealers or directors of weights and measures, and one representative of industry clients of service agencies shall be appointed for two years. (3) One representative of registered service agencies, and one representative of the general public shall be appointed for three years. (d) The committee shall be advisory to the department in all matters concerning the registration of service agencies.


Article 6. Disciplinary Action

Ca Codes (bpc:12542-12544) Business And Professions Code Section 12542-12544



12542. A service agency registration may be suspended for the actions of its service agents in violation of this division. A service agency's registration may be revoked or suspended, or may be denied by the department, for any violation of this chapter. Proceedings for the denial, revocation, or suspension of a registration shall be in accordance with Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code. The department shall have all of the powers that are granted therein.

12543. A service agency's authorization to place devices into service, or to remove out-of-order notices may be suspended by a county sealer, within his or her county, pursuant to the notice and hearing provisions described in Section 12544 for violations of this division.


12544. (a) A county sealer intending to suspend the authorization of a service agency shall notify the service agency in writing of all of the following: (1) The alleged violations to be used as the basis for suspension. (2) The proposed duration of the suspension. (3) The date the suspension is to begin, which may not be sooner than 20 days after a notice is mailed. (4) The names of service agents to be affected by the suspension. (5) The fact that the service agency or service agent shall be provided the opportunity for an investigational hearing prior to the suspension. (6) The fact that the service agency or service agent may be represented by legal counsel. (7) The fact that the service agency or service agent may appeal to the department prior to imposition of a suspension. (b) A copy of the proposed action to the service agency shall be immediately forwarded to the department. (c) The department may, as a result of the investigative hearing, declare the suspension to be effective in additional counties.


Chapter 6. Fair Packaging And Labeling Act

Ca Codes (bpc:12601-12615.5) Business And Professions Code Section 12601-12615.5



12601. This chapter is designed to protect purchasers of any commodity within its provisions against deception or misrepresentation. Packages and their labels should enable consumers to obtain accurate information as to the quantity of the contents and should facilitate value comparisons. It is hereby declared to be the policy of the Legislature to assist in attaining these goals.

12602. (a) It is unlawful for any person engaged in the packaging or labeling of any commodity for distribution or sale, or for any person (other than a common carrier for hire, a contract carrier for hire, or a freight forwarder for hire) engaged in the distribution of any packaged or labeled commodity, to distribute or to cause to be distributed any such commodity if the commodity is contained in a package, or if there is affixed to that commodity a label, which does not conform to the provisions of this chapter or the regulations adopted under the authority of this chapter or the provisions of, or the regulations adopted under, Chapter 6.6 (commencing with Section 12665), Chapter 14 (commencing with Section 13400), or Chapter 15 (commencing with Section 13700). (b) The prohibition contained in subdivision (a) does not apply to persons engaged in business as wholesale or retail distributors of commodities, except to the extent that those persons (1) are engaged in the packaging or labeling of such commodities, (2) prescribe or specify by any means the manner in which such commodities are packaged or labeled, or (3) have knowledge of the violation of any provision of this chapter or of Chapter 6.6 (commencing with Section 12665), Chapter 14 (commencing with Section 13400), or Chapter 15 (commencing with Section 13700).

12603. No person subject to the prohibition in Section 12602 shall distribute any packaged commodity unless it is in conformity with regulations that shall be established by the director that shall provide: (a) The commodity shall bear a label specifying the identity of the commodity and the name and place of business of the manufacturer, packer, or distributor. (b) The net quantity of contents (in terms of weight or mass, measure, numerical count, or time) shall be separately and accurately stated in a uniform location upon the principal display panel of that label, using the most appropriate units of both the customary inch-pound system of measure, and except as provided in subdivisions (c) and (d), the SI (Systeme International d'Unites) metric system. (c) On a random package labeled in terms of pounds and decimal fractions of the pound, the statement may be carried out to not more than three decimal places and is not required to, but may include a statement in terms of the SI metric system carried out to not more than three decimal places. (d) The requirements of subdivision (b) concerning labeling using the metric system do not apply to nonconsumer packages, foods that are packaged at the retail store level, or to the sale or distribution of products whose labels have been printed prior to February 14, 1994. (e) This section shall become operative on February 14, 1994.


12605. No person subject to the prohibition contained in Section 12602 shall distribute or cause to be distributed in commerce any packaged commodity if any qualifying words or phrases appear in conjunction with the separate statement of the net quantity of contents required by Section 12603(b), but nothing in this chapter shall prohibit supplemental statements, at other places on the package describing in nondeceptive terms the net quantity of contents: provided, that such supplemental statements of net quantity of contents shall not include any term qualifying a unit of weight, measure, or count that tends to exaggerate the amount of the commodity contained in the package. In no case shall any declaration of quantity be qualified by the addition of the words "minimum," or "when packed," or words of similar import; nor shall any unit of weight, measure or count be qualified by any term (such as jumbo, giant, full, or the like) that tends to exaggerate the amount of the commodity in the package.


12606. (a) No container wherein commodities are packed shall have a false bottom, false sidewalls, false lid or covering, or be otherwise so constructed or filled, wholly or partially, as to facilitate the perpetration of deception or fraud. (b) No container shall be made, formed, or filled as to be misleading. A container that does not allow the consumer to fully view its contents shall be considered to be filled as to be misleading if it contains nonfunctional slack fill. Slack fill is the difference between the actual capacity of a container and the volume of product contained therein. Nonfunctional slack fill is the empty space in a package that is filled to less than its capacity for reasons other than the following: (1) Protection of the contents of the package. (2) The requirements of machines used for enclosing the contents of the package. (3) Unavoidable product settling during shipping and handling. (4) The need to utilize a larger than required package or container to provide adequate space for the legible presentation of mandatory and necessary labeling information, such as those based on the regulations adopted by the Food and Drug Administration or state or federal agencies under federal or state law, laws or regulations adopted by foreign governments, or under an industrywide voluntary labeling program. (5) The fact that the product consists of a commodity that is packaged in a decorative or representational container where the container is part of the presentation of the product and has value that is both significant in proportion to the value of the product and independent of its function to hold the product, such as a gift combined with a container that is intended for further use after the product is consumed, or durable commemorative or promotional packages. (6) An inability to increase the level of fill or to further reduce the size of the package, such as where some minimum package size is necessary to accommodate required labeling, discourage pilfering, facilitate handling, or accommodate tamper-resistant devices. (7) The product container bears a reasonable relationship to the actual amount of product contained inside, and the dimensions of the actual product container, the product, or the amount of product therein is visible to the consumer at the point of sale, or where obvious secondary use packaging is involved. (8) The dimensions of the product or immediate product container are visible through the exterior packaging, or where the actual size of the product or immediate product container is clearly and conspicuously depicted on the exterior packaging, accompanied by a clear and conspicuous disclosure that the representation is the "actual size" of the product or the immediate product container. (9) The presence of any headspace within an immediate product container necessary to facilitate the mixing, adding, shaking, or dispensing of liquids or powders by consumers prior to use. (10) The exterior packaging contains a product delivery or dosing device if the device is visible, or a clear and conspicuous depiction of the device appears on the exterior packaging, or it is readily apparent from the conspicuous exterior disclosures or the nature and name of the product that a delivery or dosing device is contained in the package. (11) The exterior packaging or immediate product container is a kit that consists of a system, or multiple components, designed to produce a particular result that is not dependent upon the quantity of the contents, if the purpose of the kit is clearly and conspicuously disclosed on the exterior packaging. (12) The exterior packaging of the product is routinely displayed using tester units or demonstrations to consumers in retail stores, so that customers can see the actual, immediate container of the product being sold, or a depiction of the actual size thereof prior to purchase. (13) The exterior packaging consists of single or multiunit presentation boxes of holiday or gift packages if the purchaser can adequately determine the quantity and sizes of the immediate product container at the point of sale. (14) The exterior packaging is for a combination of one purchased product, together with a free sample or gift, wherein the exterior packaging is necessarily larger than it would otherwise be due to the inclusion of the sample or gift, if the presence of both products and the quantity of each product are clearly and conspicuously disclosed on the exterior packaging. (15) The exterior packaging or immediate product container encloses computer hardware or software designed to serve a particular computer function, if the particular computer function to be performed by the computer hardware or software is clearly and conspicuously disclosed on the exterior packaging. (c) Any sealer may seize a container that facilitates the perpetration of deception or fraud and the contents of the container. By order of the superior court of the county within which a violation of this section occurs, the containers seized shall be condemned and destroyed or released upon conditions the court may impose to insure against their use in violation of this chapter. The contents of any condemned container shall be returned to the owner thereof if the owner furnishes proper facilities for the return. A proceeding under this section is a limited civil case if the value of the property in controversy is less than or equal to the maximum amount in controversy for a limited civil case under Section 85 of the Code of Civil Procedure.


12606.2. (a) This section applies to food containers subject to Section 403 (d) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. Sec. 343 (d)), and Section 100.100 of Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations. Section 12606 does not apply to food containers subject to this section. (b) No food containers shall be made, formed, or filled as to be misleading. (c) A container that does not allow the consumer to fully view its contents shall be considered to be filled as to be misleading if it contains nonfunctional slack fill. Slack fill is the difference between the actual capacity of a container and the volume of product contained therein. Nonfunctional slack fill is the empty space in a package that is filled to less than its capacity for reasons other than the following: (1) Protection of the contents of the package. (2) The requirements of the machines used for enclosing the contents in the package. (3) Unavoidable product settling during shipping and handling. (4) The need for the package to perform a specific function, such as where packaging plays a role in the preparation or consumption of a food, if that function is inherent to the nature of the food and is clearly communicated to consumers. (5) The fact that the product consists of a food packaged in a reusable container where the container is part of the presentation of the food and has value that is both significant in proportion to the value of the product and independent of its function to hold the food, such as a gift product consisting of a food or foods combined with a container that is intended for further use after the food is consumed or durable commemorative or promotional packages. (6) Inability to increase the level of fill or to further reduce the size of the package, such as where some minimum package size is necessary to accommodate required food labeling exclusive of any vignettes or other nonmandatory designs or label information, discourage pilfering, facilitate handling, or accommodate tamper-resistant devices. (d) This section shall be interpreted consistent with the comments by the United States Food and Drug Administration on the regulations contained in Section 100.100 of Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations, interpreting Section 403(d) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. Sec. 343(d)), as those comments are reported on pages 64123 to 64137, inclusive, of Volume 58 of the Federal Register. (e) If the requirements of this section do not impose the same requirements as are imposed by Section 403(d) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. Sec. 343(d)), or any regulation promulgated pursuant thereto, then this section is not operative to the extent that it is not identical to the federal requirements, and for this purpose those federal requirements are incorporated into this section and shall apply as if they were set forth in this section. (f) Any sealer may seize any container that is in violation of this section and the contents of the container. By order of the superior court of the county within which a violation of this section occurs, the containers seized shall be condemned and destroyed or released upon any conditions that the court may impose to ensure against their use in violation of this chapter. The contents of any condemned container shall be returned to the owner thereof if the owner furnishes proper facilities for the return. A proceeding under this section is a limited civil case if the value of the property in controversy is less than or equal to the maximum amount in controversy for a limited civil case under Section 85 of the Code of Civil Procedure.


12607. Whenever a packaged commodity is offered for sale, exposed for sale or sold without a statement of net quantity appearing thereon as required by this chapter, the sealer shall in writing order the commodity off sale and require that a correct statement of net quantity be placed on the commodity before the same may be released by the sealer.


12609. The director shall adopt necessary regulations to carry out the purpose of this division and for the testing of packages to verify the net quantity statements. In adopting these regulations, the director shall adopt by reference the packaging and labeling requirements recommended by the National Conference on Weights and Measures and published in the current edition of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Handbook 130, Uniform Packaging and Labeling Regulation, except insofar as those requirements are specifically modified, amended, or rejected by regulation by the director. The regulations shall include exemptions from full compliance with this chapter for good and sufficient reasons. Any exemptions affecting consumer commodities shall be in conformance with exemptions permitted by federal regulations. Any regulation, or amendment thereof, shall be adopted by the director in conformity with Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code. This section shall become operative on February 14, 1994.


12610. The director may promulgate regulations similar to those promulgated by the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare or the Federal Trade Commission pursuant to the Fair Packaging and Labeling Act (P.L. 89-755; 80 Stat. 1296; 15U.S.C. 1451-1461) effective to-- 1. Establish and define standards for characterization of the size of a package enclosing any commodity, which may be used to supplement the label statement of net quantity of contents of packages containing such commodity, but this paragraph shall not be construed as authorizing any limitation on the size, shape, weight, dimensions, or number of packages which may be used to enclose any commodity; 2. Require that the label on each package of a commodity (other than one which is a food within the meaning of Section 201(f) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act) bear the common or usual name of such consumer commodity, if any.


12611. It is unlawful to pack, ship, or sell any commodity in a container which does not conform to all the specifications of this chapter; or which is not conspicuously marked, branded, or otherwise labeled as required by this chapter; or on which any word, statement or other information required by this chapter is not prominently placed, in such terms and with such conspicuousness, as compared with other words, statements, designs or devices on the label or container, as to render it likely to be read and understood by ordinary persons under customary conditions of purchase and use.


12612. The sale of any commodity packaged in a container, wherein both the container and the contents thereof comply with any act of Congress or rules or regulations promulgated thereunder, appertaining to weight, measure or count, does not violate the provisions of this chapter; nor does the sale of malt beverages in containers complying with a rule, regulation or an approval of the United States Treasury Department, Internal Revenue Service or Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, or of the State Department of Public Health and pertaining to weight, measure or count constitute a violation of the provisions of this chapter.

12613. If any provision of this chapter is less stringent or requires information different from any requirement of Section 4 of the act of Congress entitled "Fair Packaging and Labeling Act" (P.L. 89-755; 80 Stat. 1296; 15 U.S.C. 1451-1461) or of any regulation promulgated pursuant to that act, the provision is inoperative to the extent that it is less stringent or requires information different from the federal requirement, in which event the federal requirement is a part of this chapter.


12615.5. The violation of any provision of this chapter, except the provisions of Section 12604.5, is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less than twenty-five dollars ($25) nor more than five hundred dollars ($500), or by imprisonment in the county jail for a term not to exceed six months, or by both such fine and imprisonment.



Chapter 6.5. Unit Pricing

Ca Codes (bpc:12655-12656) Business And Professions Code Section 12655-12656



12655. It is the intent of the Legislature to encourage the unit pricing of all canned, bottled, and packaged foods, packaged produce, and bakery goods; paper, plastic, wood, and metal products packaged in counts greater than 10; rolled paper, plastic, and metal products; canned, bottled, and packaged domestic, laundry and household cleansing, finishing, waxing, and polishing products; drug and first aid products canned, packaged, or bottled in counts greater than 10; and frozen fruits and vegetables, offered by merchants in their places of business for sale at retail to the public. The Legislature finds that unit pricing, the price per ounce, per pound, per gallon, or the metric equivalent thereof, or per 100 square feet, or per 100 count, for which those items are offered for sale at retail, effectively informs the consumer of the comparative prices and values of commodities, and is thus useful for the formulation of intelligent consumer choices. Reconstituted fluid ounce is the preferred unit of measure for unit pricing of powdered and concentrated infant formula.


12656. The department, in cooperation with the retail food industry, shall adopt a standardized format for unit pricing that shall be available to a retailer upon request. The format shall include, but not be limited to, an identification of the item, including the brand name, the total price of the item, the volume, weight, or number of units of which the item is composed, and the price per unit. For infant formula, unit price information may be expressed based on the reconstituted volume.


Chapter 7. Weighmasters

Ca Codes (bpc:12700-12736) Business And Professions Code Section 12700-12736



12700. A weighmaster is any person who, for hire or otherwise, weighs, measures, or counts any commodity and issues a statement or memorandum of the weight, measure, or count which is used as the basis for either the purchase or sale of that commodity or charge for service.


12700.5. (a) A weighmaster is not required to provide weighing services to the general public. (b) Weighing for hire is at the discretion of the weighmaster.


12701. The following persons are not weighmasters: (a) Retailers weighing, measuring, or counting commodities for sale by them in retail stores in the presence of, and directly to, consumers. (b) Except for persons subject to Section 12730, producers of agricultural commodities or livestock, who weigh commodities produced or purchased by them or by their producer neighbors, when no charge is made for the weighing, or when no signed or initialed statement or memorandum is issued of the weight upon which a purchase or sale of the commodity is based. (c) Common carriers issuing bills of lading on which are recorded, for the purpose of computing transportation charges, the weights of commodities offered for transportation, including carriers of household goods when transporting shipments weighing less than 1,000 pounds. (d) Milk samplers and weighers licensed pursuant to Article 8 (commencing with Section 35161) of Chapter 12 of Part 1 of Division 15 of the Food and Agricultural Code, when performing the duties for which they are licensed. (e) Persons who measure the amount of oil, gas, or other fuels for purposes of royalty computation and payment, or other operations of fuel and oil companies and their retail outlets. (f) Newspaper publishers weighing or counting newspapers for sale to dealers or distributors. (g) Textile maintenance establishments weighing, counting, or measuring any articles in connection with the business of those establishments. (h) County sanitation districts operating pursuant to Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 4700) of Part 3 of Division 5 of the Health and Safety Code, garbage and refuse disposal districts operating pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 49100) of Part 8 of Division 30 of the Public Resources Code, and solid waste facilities, as defined in Section 40194 of the Public Resources Code. (i) Persons who purchase scrap metal or salvage materials pursuant to a nonprofit recycling program, or recycling centers certified pursuant to Division 12.1 (commencing with Section 14500) of the Public Resources Code that purchase empty beverage containers from the public for recycling. (j) Pest control operators licensed pursuant to Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 11701) of Division 6 of the Food and Agricultural Code. (k) Retailers, or recycling centers established solely for the redemption of empty beverage containers, as that phrase is defined in Section 14512 of the Public Resources Code, who are weighing, measuring, or counting salvage or returnable materials for purchase or redemption by them in retail stores, or, in the case of recycling centers, on the retail store premises or on a parking lot immediately adjacent to a retail store which is used for the purpose of parking by the store customers, directly from and in the presence of the seller. "Retailer" means an entity which derives 90 percent or more of its income from the sale of small quantities of food or nonfood items, or both, directly to consumers. "Salvage materials" means used paper products and used containers made of aluminum, tin, glass, or plastic. (l) Any log scaler who performs log scaling functions, except weighing, as defined in the United States Forest Service Handbook, Supplement No. 4 of March 1987.


12702. "Weighmaster," when used without qualification, includes a deputy weighmaster.


12703. Except as provided in Section 12701, no person shall perform any acts described in Section 12700, unless licensed as a weighmaster pursuant to this chapter and unless the current license fee and any penalty has been paid. The weighmaster shall forward to the department the name or names of deputy weighmasters with the appropriate fees required by Section 12704.


12704. (a) A weighmaster shall pay to the department the following license fee for each license year as applicable to the operation: (1) Seventy-five dollars ($75) if the weighmaster is operating at a fixed location. (2) Thirty dollars ($30) for each additional fixed location the weighmaster is operating at. (3) Two hundred dollars ($200) if the weighmaster is operating at other than a fixed location. (4) Twenty dollars ($20) for each deputy weighmaster. (b) "License year" means the period of time beginning with the first day of the month the weighmaster is required to be licensed in this state, and ending on the date designated by the director for expiration of the license, or yearly intervals after the first renewal. (c) "Location" means a premise on which weighing, measuring, or counting devices are used.


12705. Any change in the legal entity of a licensed weighmaster requires the new legal entity to obtain a weighmaster license before operating as a weighmaster.


12706. (a) The director may assign or reassign dates for the expiration of licenses for any weighmaster. (b) The director may establish a license year for any weighmaster consisting of any period from one month to 11 months, inclusive, with subsequent renewals being required at yearly intervals thereafter. (c) Whenever the license year is less than 12 months by reason of the assignment or reassignment of the expiration date by the director, the license fee as designated in Section 12704 shall be decreased by one-twelfth of the annual fee for each month of the period less than 12 months.


12707. Each license required by this chapter shall be renewed annually, on or before the first day of the first month of the licensee's license year, by application to the director, accompanied by the annual license fee. An application and annual license fee sent by mail is not overdue if postmarked not later than the fifth day of the month in which it is due. To any fee not paid when due, there shall be added a penalty equal to 30 percent of the amount of the license fee, if it is paid within 30 days of becoming due. The penalty for a renewal fee more than 30 days after becoming due shall be 100 percent of the amount of the license fee. However, no penalty shall be applicable to the renewal of deputy weighmaster licenses.


12708. The director may refuse to grant any license provided for by this chapter, or may refuse to renew any license, and may revoke or suspend any license when, after a hearing conducted pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code, the director is satisfied that the applicant or licensee is not qualified to capably or reliably perform the duties of a weighmaster or has otherwise been found guilty of a misdemeanor as provided in this chapter.


12709. All license fees collected pursant to this chapter shall be deposited in the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund to be expended by the department for the administration and enforcement of this chapter.

12710. A weighmaster may employ or designate any person to act for the weighmaster as a deputy weighmaster and shall be responsible for all acts performed by that person.


12710.5. (a) At any time during the license year, any weighmaster may replace deputies without payment of additional fees by forwarding to the department the name of any replacement deputy and replaced deputy. (b) Any weighmaster who does not furnish to the department a deputy name as required by this section is guilty of an infraction, and, upon conviction, may be punished by a fine of not more than one hundred dollars ($100). (c) A weighmaster may increase the original number of deputies by submitting a new application accompanied by appropriate fees, for the additional number of deputy licenses requested, which shall expire on the date stated on the weighmaster license.


12711. A weighmaster shall issue a weighmaster certificate whenever payment for the commodity or service represented is dependent on a written or printed weight, measure, or count.


12712. (a) A weighmaster certificate may be signed and issued by a weighmaster other than the weighmaster actually determining the weight, measure, or count of any commodity, if both of the following conditions are met: (1) The weighmaster issuing the certificate does so based on information received from the weighmaster who actually determined the weight, measure, or count and both are on the same principal license. (2) The records and worksheets, signed by the weighmaster who actually weighed, measured, or counted the commodity, are maintained as a part of the weighmaster's records in a manner so as to ensure their identity with the certificate issued. (b) A weighmaster may transfer a weight, measure, or count appearing on a weighmaster certificate to another weighmaster certificate, if the original certificate number and name of the issuing weighmaster appear on the second certificate.


12713. (a) A weighmaster is responsible for ensuring that the weighmaster certificates issued by him or her, or a deputy acting for him or her, are complete and contain all the information required by Sections 12714, 12714.5, and 12715 that is applicable to each transaction. (b) It is unlawful to issue, or cause to be issued, a weighmaster certificate if the certificate does not contain all the information required by Sections 12714, 12714.5, and 12715 for the commodity weighed, measured, or counted. The issuance of a receipt showing the weight, measure, or count of fish, mollusks, or crustaceans pursuant to Article 6 (commencing with Section 8010) of Chapter 1 of Part 3 of Division 6 of the Fish and Game Code constitutes the issuance of a weighmaster certificate under this chapter when issued by a person who is a weighmaster pursuant to Section 12700.


12714. (a) There shall appear in an appropriate and conspicuous place on each certificate, and all copies thereof, the following legend: WEIGHMASTER CERTIFICATE THIS IS TO CERTIFY that the following described commodity was weighed, measured, or counted by a weighmaster, whose signature is on this certificate, who is a recognized authority of accuracy, as prescribed by Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 12700) of Division 5 of the California Business and Professions Code, administered by the Division of Measurement Standards of the California Department of Food and Agriculture. (b) There shall also appear on each certificate, and all copies thereof, the printed name of the principal weighmaster as it appears on the license.

12714.5. All information contained on the certificate shall be clear and legible. Each certificate shall be numbered consecutively.


12715. Each certificate shall provide for the following information as applicable to the transaction: (a) The date on which the weight, measure, or count was determined. (b) The street address or location description and the city or township where the weighing, measuring, or counting occurred. (c) The complete signature of the weighmaster who determined each weight, measure, or count. The name of a weighmaster may be imprinted electronically on the weighmaster certificate in lieu of a handwritten signature, if the electronically imprinted name is that of the weighmaster who weighed, measured, or counted the commodity or that of another weighmaster pursuant to Section 12712. (d) The kind of commodity and any other information that may be necessary to identify the product or distinguish it from a similar commodity. (e) The number of units of the commodity. If not personally determined by a weighmaster, the certificate shall contain the words "driver's count" or "loader's count," as appropriate, after the number of commodity units. The abbreviation "D.C." or "L.C." may be used in lieu of the complete words. (f) The name of the owner, or his or her agent, and the consignee. If the transaction involves hay or hay products, the name and address of the grower, and his or her agent, as provided by the driver of the vehicle. (g) At least one of the following: (1) The gross weight of the commodity and the vehicle or container, if only the gross weight was determined. (2) The tare weight of the unladen vehicle or container, if only the tare weight was determined. (3) The gross, tare, and net weights when a gross and tare are used in determining the net weight. (4) The true net weight, measure, or count when no gross and tare weights are involved in determining the net quantity of the product. (h) The tare weights, and the code identification or description of boxes, bins, pallets, or other containers. (i) The correct identification of the vehicle, combination of vehicles, or other means by which the commodity was delivered. If an equipment number is used to identify a vehicle or combination of vehicles, there shall be traceability to the registered vehicle license numbers through the weighmaster's records. (j) The unit of measure, such as pounds, tons, gallons, kilograms, or cubic yards, used to identify the quantity.


12716. All weighmasters shall keep and preserve, as records, for a period of four years, all copies of voided certificates, records, and worksheets required by this chapter and true copies of all weighmaster certificates issued. These records shall, at all times, be open for inspection by the director.


12716.5. A certificate on which a weight, measure, or count error is discovered after issuance shall be corrected by issuing a correction certificate to all parties who were issued the original certificate. The word "INCORRECT" shall be written across the face of the original certificate. The original certificate number and reason for the correction shall be recorded on the correction certificate.


12717. Any weighing, measuring, or counting instrument or device, as defined in Section 12500, which is used by a weighmaster and for which specifications and tolerances have been adopted by the director, shall be approved, tested, and sealed in accordance with this division.


12718. Any person who does any of the following acts is guilty of a misdemeanor: (a) Requests any person to weigh, measure, or count any commodity falsely or incorrectly. (b) Requests a false or incorrect weighmaster certificate. (c) Furnishes or gives false information to a weighmaster for use in the completion of a weighmaster certificate. (d) Knowingly presents for payment a false weighmaster certificate. (e) Knowingly issues a weighmaster certificate giving thereon a false weight, measure, or count. (f) Alters a weighmaster certificate resulting in giving thereon a false weight, measure, or count. (g) Possesses unfilled or unused weighmaster certificate forms, if he or she is not a weighmaster. (h) Issues a weighmaster certificate that contains alterations or omissions of gross or tare weights, net only weights, or measurements.

12718.5. Subdivision (g) of Section 12718 does not apply to any of the following: (a) Persons engaged in the business of printing, distributing, or selling weighmaster certificate forms. (b) Persons possessing or transporting combination grade and weight certificates to be used by employees of marketing order boards or grading inspection services of either the department or the United States Department of Agriculture.


12719. When the weight or measure of a vehicle, container, or pallet and its net contents has been recorded on a weighmaster certificate, it is unlawful for any person to remove a part of, or add to, the net contents, before the contents are delivered to the buyer or consignee, unless a correct weighmaster certificate is obtained.


12720. When the tare weight of a vehicle or the weight of the vehicle and its contents have been recorded on a weighmaster certificate, it is unlawful for any person to alter the tare weight of the vehicle prior to the time that the net weight of the commodity has been determined and recorded on the certificate.


12721. Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, the vehicle, container, pallet, or commodity for which the weight, measure, or count is being certified shall actually be weighed, measured, or counted at the time of, and for the purpose of, each certification.


12722. (a) In accordance with this chapter and regulations adopted by the director, any weighmaster may use a tare weight for a vehicle, container, or pallet which has been previously determined by a weighmaster. It is the responsibility of the party for whom the tare weight was established to maintain the tare weight within the variations prescribed by the director. (b) Any weighmaster weighing any vehicle moving earth, stone, rock, sand, gravel, or asphalt paving material may use a predetermined tare weight. The issuance of predetermined tare weights are exempt from the provisions of Subchapter 9 (commencing with Section 4400) of Chapter 9 of Title 4 of the California Administrative Code. It is the responsibility of the party for whom the tare weight was established to maintain the actual weight so that the actual tare weight of the vehicle shall at no time exceed the recorded tare weight.


12723. The director shall adopt regulations for the establishment of vehicle, container, and pallet tares, including, but not limited to, the adoption of conditions of use, certificate requirements, sample size, allowable variations, and procedure to be used to verify common tares.


12724. (a) Except as provided in this section, a weighmaster weighing a vehicle for certification shall determine both gross and tare weights with all persons off the scale and vehicle, unless both the gross and tare weights are determined without leaving the weighing location. (b) Predetermined tares for vehicles moving earth, stone, rock, sand, gravel, and asphalt paving material may be determined with the driver in the vehicle, if the gross weight is determined in the same manner and the weighmaster indicates on the weighmaster certificate that the driver was on the vehicle for both gross and tare weight.


12725. A weighmaster shall not certify to the gross weight of a vehicle whenever all of the following conditions prevail: (a) The scale is located at the site where the vehicle is loaded. (b) The vehicle is weighed before entering a highway. (c) The vehicle's gross weight exceeds 80,000 pounds, unless a special permit authorizing a greater gross weight for the vehicle has been issued pursuant to Section 35780 of the Vehicle Code.


12726. (a) If doubt or differences arise as to the accuracy of the weight, measure, or count of any amount or part of any commodity, unladen vehicle, or container for which a weighmaster certificate has been issued, a person having a financial interest may, upon complaint to the department, have the amount, or part thereof, verified by the department or a weighmaster designated by it, upon depositing a sufficient sum of money with the department to defray the actual cost of the verification. (b) If, when verified, a difference from the original certified weight, measure, or count is discovered as the result of fraud, carelessness, or faulty apparatus, the cost of the verification shall be borne by the weighmaster responsible for the issuance of the erroneous certificate.

12727. The director may, at any time, require a vehicle to proceed to the nearest vehicle scale for the purpose of weight verification.


12728. (a) No weighmaster shall weigh a vehicle, or combination of vehicles, for certification, when part of the vehicle, or connected combination, is not resting on the scale. (b) When weighing a combination of vehicles that will not rest on the scale platform at one time, the combination shall be disconnected and weighed separately. The weights so taken may be combined for the purpose of issuing a single certificate. (c) This section does not prohibit weighing of vehicles to determine compliance with the Vehicle Code. (d) This section does not apply to any of the following: (1) The weighing of seed cotton for purposes of ginning when the weights are obtained by weighing trailers not equipped with braking systems and are not used for the sale of the seed cotton. (2) Multiple draft or in-motion weighing operations that comply with the regulations adopted pursuant to Section 12107. (3) A combination of multiple railcars that contain grain or grain products if the consignor and the consignee to the transaction agree in writing to a multiple draft weighing operation.


12729. (a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, any person who violates any provision of this chapter is guilty of a misdemeanor. (b) Violations of Sections 12714, 12714.5, and 12715 are infractions, except as otherwise provided in Section 12718. Every person convicted of an infraction pursuant to this subdivision shall be punished as follows: (1) For the first conviction, a fine not exceeding one hundred dollars ($100). (2) For a second conviction within a period of one year, a fine not exceeding two hundred dollars ($200). (3) For a third or subsequent conviction within a period of one year, a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars ($500). (c) A violation of Section 12722 by a vehicle hauling bulk tomatoes is an infraction. Every person convicted of an infraction pursuant to this subdivision shall be punished as follows: (1) For a vehicle that exceeds the tolerance provided by regulations adopted pursuant to Section 12723 by less than 50 percent, a fine not exceeding two hundred dollars ($200). (2) For a vehicle that exceeds the tolerance provided by regulations adopted pursuant to Section 12723 by 50 to 100 percent, inclusive, a fine not exceeding four hundred dollars ($400). (3) For a vehicle that exceeds the tolerance provided by regulations adopted pursuant to Section 12723 by more than 100 percent, a fine not exceeding eight hundred dollars ($800).


12730. (a) Except as provided in subdivision (a) or (b) of Section 12701 or this section, farm products sold by bulk weight or delivered to a processing or conditioning establishment for processing, conditioning, or sale, shall be weighed by a weighmaster, and a weighmaster certificate of the weight shall be issued to the producer with a duplicate copy issued to the buyer, conditioner, or processor. (b) When the processing or conditioning charges or purchase is based on the bulk weight of the finished product, the finished product shall also be weighed by a weighmaster, and a second weighmaster certificate shall be issued to the producer with a duplicate copy issued to the buyer, conditioner, or processor. (c) A producer whose product is delivered, but is not sold, to a processor or conditioner for processing or conditioning, may waive, in writing, his or her right to have the product weighed when the processing or conditioning establishment is operated by a producer of farm products and the processing or conditioning is incidental to the production of farm products. As used in this subdivision, "incidental" means that the income derived from the processing or conditioning operation represents not more than 25 percent of the total income of the producer operating the processing or conditioning establishment. (d) This section does not apply to any nonprofit cooperative association that is organized and operating pursuant to Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 54001) of Division 20 of the Food and Agricultural Code, except as to that portion of activities that involves the handling or dealing in any farm product of any nonmember of the nonprofit cooperative association. (e) Subdivision (a), as it applies to tree nuts delivered for processing or conditioning, does not apply to tree nut hullers and shellers, if there is a written contract which waives the producer's right to have the unprocessed or unconditioned product weighed. Notwithstanding the waiver, the finished product shall be weighed by a weighmaster and a weighmaster certificate shall be issued to the grower, with a duplicate copy issued to the buyer, conditioner, or processor. (f) The term "farm products" includes all agricultural, horticultural, viticultural, and vegetable products of the soil, flaxseed, and cottonseed, but does not include timber, timber products, milk, and milk products.


12731. (a) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this code, where livestock is sold on the basis of weight at a public sales yard, or by or at any livestock market, market agency, or dealer which is subject to the Packers and Stockyards Act of 1921 (7 U.S.C. Sec. 181 et seq.), the livestock shall be weighed by a weighmaster, and a weighmaster certificate shall be issued to the buyer and seller. (b) The term "livestock" includes cattle, sheep, swine, horses, mules, and goats.


12732. In addition to the certificate requirements of Sections 12714, 12714.5, and 12715, all of the following information shall appear on weighmaster certificates issued when adjustments are made to the load and the weights are determined at other than the site where the vehicle was loaded: (a) The gross weight of the commodity and the vehicle at the time of the initial weighing. (b) The gross weight of the commodity and the vehicle after the adjustment. (c) The name and address of the seller and of either the purchaser or broker of the commodity as provided by the driver of the vehicle.


12733. In all cases where scrap metal and salvage materials are purchased or sold by dealers, brokers, or commission merchants on the basis of weight or measure, the quantity of the scrap metal and salvage material shall be determined by a weighmaster, and a weighmaster certificate shall be issued to the seller and buyer. Settlement for the materials shall be made on the quantity shown thereon. If the quantity indications are readily accessible and clearly readable to both the buyer and seller, at the time of determination, a weighmaster certificate is required to be issued only when requested by the buyer or seller.


12734. Notwithstanding any other provision of this division, the weight of squid, Pacific whiting, or anchovy, certified pursuant to this chapter, may be determined by computation based upon volumetric measurement of containers as prescribed by regulations adopted by the director. This section does not apply to squid, Pacific whiting, or anchovy delivered for the purpose of retorting or reducing.


12735. The director may adopt any rules and regulations that are reasonably necessary for the purpose of carrying out this chapter. Adoption of these rules and regulations shall be in accordance with Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code.


12736. The director may adopt necessary rules and regulations regarding the accuracy of automated systems for retail commodity price charging referred to as "scanners."


Chapter 9. Special Provisions Relating To Farm Products

Article 2. Wool Products

Ca Codes (bpc:12925) Business And Professions Code Section 12925



12925. No person purchasing wool from a producer shall make a specific deduction for tags, fribs, crutchings or other off-wools, either on a basis of the percentage of the weight or percentage of the value of the wool. Any provision in a contract to purchase wool from a producer, providing for such a deduction, is invalid. Violation of this section is a misdemeanor.


Article 3. Cotton

Ca Codes (bpc:12930) Business And Professions Code Section 12930



12930. As used in this article "cotton" includes raw cotton, cotton linters, and cotton batting. Notwithstanding any other provision of this code or any other law, cotton may be sold by gross weight so that the purchaser pays a like price for the cotton and the burlap, paper, or other material with which it is wrapped and the string, wire, or other material with which the wrapping is secured. When sold by gross weight cotton shall be wrapped and the wrapping secured in accordance with the usual customs of the trade or in accordance with the agreement of purchaser and seller. A weighmaster may use a tare weight for baled cotton specified by regulations of the United States Department of Agriculture for determining the net weight of cotton. The tare shall not exceed five percent (5%) of such gross weight. The provisions of this section shall not be construed to apply to the sale of cotton or cotton goods in any form packaged for distribution or sale at retail to the general public.


Chapter 13. Automatic Checkout Systems

Article 1. Point-of-sale Displays

Ca Codes (bpc:13300-13302) Business And Professions Code Section 13300-13302



13300. (a) The operator of a business establishment that uses a point-of-sale system to sell goods or services to consumers shall ensure that the price of each good or service to be paid by the consumer is conspicuously displayed to the consumer at the time that the price is interpreted by the system. In any instance in which the business advertises a price reduction or discount regarding an item offered for sale, the checkout system customer indicator shall display either the discounted price for that item, or alternatively, the regular price and a credit or reduction of the advertised savings. Any surcharges and the total value to be charged for the overall transaction also shall be displayed for the consumer at least once before the consumer is required to pay for the goods or services. The checkout system customer indicator shall be so positioned, and the prices and amounts displayed shall be of a size and form, as to be easily viewable from a typical and reasonable customer position at each checkout location. (b) For the purposes of this section, "point-of-sale system" means any computer or electronic system used by a retail establishment such as, but not limited to, Universal Product Code scanners, price lookup codes, or an electronic price lookup system as a means for determining the price of the item being purchased by a consumer. (c) All point-of-sale systems used by a business establishment on and after January 1, 2007, shall comply with the requirement of subdivision (a).

13301. Notwithstanding any other provision of this division, the Attorney General, the district attorney, or city attorney may enforce the provisions of this chapter in accordance with the provisions of Division 5 (commencing with Section 12001) or any other applicable provisions of law.

13302. (a) The sealer may levy a civil penalty against a person violating any provision of this chapter or a regulation adopted pursuant to any of these provisions, of not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000) for each violation. It is a complete defense to a criminal prosecution for a violation of any provision of this division or a regulation adopted pursuant to any provision of this division that the defendant has been assessed and has paid a civil penalty under this section for the same act or acts constituting the violation. Any civil penalty under this section shall be cumulative to civil remedies or penalties imposed under any other law. (b) Before a civil penalty is levied, the person charged with the violation shall be given a written notice of the proposed action including the nature of the violation and the amount of the proposed penalty, and shall have the right to request a hearing. The request shall be made within 20 days after receiving notice of the proposed action. A notice of the proposed action that is sent by certified mail to the last known address of the person charged shall be considered received even if delivery is refused or the notice is not accepted at that address. If a hearing is requested, notice of the time and place of the hearing shall be given at least 10 days before the date set for the hearing. At the hearing, the person shall be given an opportunity to review the sealer's evidence and to present evidence on his or her own behalf. If a hearing is not timely requested, the sealer may take the action proposed without a hearing. (c) If the person upon whom the sealer levied a civil penalty requested and appeared at a hearing, the person may appeal the sealer' s decision to the secretary within 30 days of the date of receiving a copy of the sealer's decision. The following procedures apply to the appeal: (1) The appeal shall be in writing and signed by the appellant or his or her authorized agent, state the grounds for the appeal, and include a copy of the sealer's decision. The appellant shall file a copy of the appeal with the sealer at the same time it is filed with the secretary. (2) The appellant and the sealer may, at the time of filing the appeal or within 10 days thereafter or at a later time prescribed by the secretary, present the record of the hearing including written evidence that was submitted at the hearing and a written argument to the secretary stating grounds for affirming, modifying, or reversing the sealer's decision. (3) The secretary may grant oral arguments upon application made at the time written arguments are filed. (4) If an application to present an oral argument is granted, written notice of the time and place for the oral argument shall be given at least 10 days before the date set therefor. The times may be altered by mutual agreement of the appellant, the sealer, and the secretary. (5) The secretary shall decide the appeal on the record of the hearing, including the written evidence and the written argument described in paragraph (2), that he or she has received. If the secretary finds substantial evidence in the record to support the sealer's decision, the secretary shall affirm the decision. (6) The secretary shall render a written decision within 45 days of the date of appeal or within 15 days of the date of oral arguments or as soon thereafter as practical. (7) On an appeal pursuant to this section, the secretary may affirm the sealer's decision, modify the sealer's decision by reducing or increasing the amount of the penalty levied so that it is within the secretary's guidelines for imposing civil penalties, or reverse the sealer's decision. Any civil penalty increased by the secretary shall not be higher than that proposed in the sealer's notice of proposed action given pursuant to subdivision (b). A copy of the secretary's decision shall be delivered or mailed to the appellant and the sealer. (8) Any person who does not request a hearing pursuant to subdivision (b) may not file an appeal pursuant to this subdivision. (9) Review of a decision of the secretary may be sought by the appellant within 30 days of the date of the decision pursuant to Section 1094.5 of the Code of Civil Procedure. (d) After the exhaustion of the appeal and review procedures provided in this section, the sealer, or his or her representative, may file a certified copy of a final decision of the sealer that directs the payment of a civil penalty and, if applicable, a copy of any decision of the secretary or his or her authorized representative rendered on an appeal from the sealer's decision and a copy of any order that denies a petition for a writ of administrative mandamus, with the clerk of the superior court of any county. Judgment shall be entered immediately by the clerk in conformity with the decision or order. No fees shall be charged by the clerk of the superior court for the performance of any official service required in connection with the entry of judgment pursuant to this section. (e) If the civil penalty is levied by the State Sealer, the revenues derived therefrom shall be deposited in the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund and, upon appropriation, shall be used by the State Sealer to carry out his or her responsibilities under this division. If the civil penalty is levied by the county sealer, the revenues shall be deposited in the general fund of the county and, upon appropriation by the board of supervisors, shall be used by the county sealer to carry out his or her responsibilities under this chapter.


Article 2. Point-of-sale System Accuracy Verification

Ca Codes (bpc:13350-13357) Business And Professions Code Section 13350-13357



13350. (a) The board of supervisors of any county or city and county that has adopted or that adopts an ordinance for the purposes of determining the pricing accuracy of a retail establishment using a point-of-sale (POS) system, shall base the initial standard inspection of the POS system on the following criteria: (1) The initial standard inspection shall be performed by collecting a random sample of items that shall include a maximum of 50 percent sale items from either: (i) One department of a retail store. (ii) Multiple areas of a retail store. (iii) The entire store. (2) The initial standard inspection shall be performed by testing a minimum random sample of 10 items for a retail establishment with three or fewer POS checkout registers. (3) The initial standard inspection shall be performed by testing a minimum random sample of 25 items for a retail establishment with 4 to 9 POS checkout registers. (4) The initial standard inspection shall be performed by testing a minimum random sample of 50 items for retail establishments with 10 or more POS checkout registers. (5) The sealer shall verify that the lowest advertised, posted, marked, displayed, or quoted price is the same as the price displayed or computed by the point-of-sale equipment or printed receipt. Only items computed at a higher price than the lowest advertised, posted, marked, displayed, or quoted price shall be considered not in compliance. (6) The minimum random sample size shall not apply to inspections of any establishment at which fewer items than the number specified as the minimum sample size are marked or displayed with a posted or advertised item price. (7) The maximum percentage of sale item restriction in paragraph (1) shall not apply to inspections of any establishment at which a marketing or promotional practice does not enable the sampling of the minimum required percentage of nonsale items, such as "Everything In Store 50 percent Off" or the like. (8) The compliance rate percentage of a retail establishment shall be determined by dividing the number of items in compliance by the sample size multiplied by 100. (b) Enforcement action may be taken for any item not in compliance. (c) The sealer may reinspect any retail facility that has a compliance rate of less than 98 percent. (d) The board of supervisors, by ordinance, may charge a point-of-sale system inspection fee or an annual registration fee, not to exceed the county's total cost of inspecting or testing the accuracy of prices accessed or generated by the system pursuant to this section. (e) The board of supervisors, by ordinance, may charge a reinspection fee for reinspections of a retail establishment that fails the prior inspection, not to exceed the county's total cost of reinspecting or testing the accuracy of prices accessed or generated by the system pursuant to this section.


13351. For purposes of this chapter, "random sample" of items means that the selection process shall be modeled after the National Institute of Standards and Technology Handbook 130, 2005 Edition (HB 130) - Examination Procedures for Price Verification, randomized sample collection; stratified sample collection.


13352. For purposes of this chapter, "point-of-sale" system means any computer or electronic system used by a retail establishment such as, but not limited to, Universal Product Code scanners, price lookup codes, or an electronic price lookup system as a means for determining the price of the item being purchased by a consumer.


13353. For the purposes of this chapter, "sale items" include any item that is represented or advertised to be lower in price from that which the item is normally offered for sale. A "sale item" includes but is not limited to, an item that is represented as "promotional," "limited time offer," a "manager special," "discount taken at register," or displayed with any other advertisements that offers or suggests a reduced price.


13354. For purposes of this chapter, "area" means an "entire store," a "department," "grouping of shelves or displays," or other "section" of a store as defined by the sealer from which samples are selected for verification. "Nonpublic" areas of a store, such as the area in a pharmacy in which controlled drugs are kept or product storage rooms, shall not be included.


13355. For the purposes of this chapter, "initial standard inspection" means an inspection made at the customary time interval used by an enforcement agency.

13356. All other inspections of the point-of-sale system are considered "special inspections," including, but not limited to, inspections pertaining to investigations, consumer complaints, complaints from competing businesses or a reinspection of a retail establishment at which one or more price accuracy violations have occurred within the previous six months.


13357. This article shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2014, and as of that date is repealed, unless a later enacted statute that is enacted before January 1, 2014, deletes or extends that date.


Chapter 14. Petroleum And Hydrogen Fuels

Article 1. General Provisions

Ca Codes (bpc:13400-13405) Business And Professions Code Section 13400-13405



13400. "Advertising medium," as used in this chapter, includes banner, sign, placard, poster, streamer, and card.


13401. (a) "Sell" or any of its variants means attempt to sell, offer for sale or assist in the sale of, permit to be sold or offered for sale or delivery, offer for delivery, trade, barter, or expose for sale. (b) "Manufacturer" means manufacturer, refiner, producer, or importer. (c) "Petroleum products" means gasoline, diesel fuel, liquefied petroleum gas only when used as a motor fuel, kerosene, thinner, solvent, liquefied natural gas, pressure appliance fuel, or white gasoline, or any motor fuel, or any oil represented as engine lubricant, engine oil, lubricating or motor oil, or any oil used to lubricate transmissions, gears, or axles. (d) "Barrel," when applied to petroleum products, consists of 42 gallons. (e) "Oil" means motor oil, engine lubricant, engine oil, lubricating oil, or oils used to lubricate transmissions, gears, or axles. (f) "Motor oil" means engine oil, engine lubricant, or lubricating oil. (g) "Gasoline" means a volatile mixture of liquid hydrocarbons, generally containing small amounts of additives, suitable for use as a fuel in spark-ignition internal combustion engines. (h) "Engine fuel" means any liquid or gaseous matter used for the generation of power in an internal combustion engine or fuel cell. "Motor fuel" means "engine fuel" when that term is used in this chapter. (i) "Motor vehicle fuel" means any product intended for consumption in an internal combustion engine or fuel cell to produce the power to self-propel a vehicle designed for transporting persons or property on a public street or highway. (j) "Diesel fuel" means any petroleum product offered for sale which meets the standards prescribed for diesel fuel by this chapter. (k) "Kerosene" means any petroleum product offered for sale which meets the standards prescribed for kerosene by this chapter. (l) "Fuel oil" means any petroleum product offered for sale which meets the standards prescribed for fuel oil by this chapter. (m) "Automotive spark-ignition engine fuel" means any product used for the generation of power in a spark-ignition internal combustion engine. (n) "Compression-ignition engine fuel" means any product used for the generation of power in a compression-ignition internal combustion engine. (o) "Gasoline-oxygenate blend" means a fuel consisting primarily of gasoline along with a substantial amount of one or more oxygenates. For purposes of this section, "substantial amount" means more than 0.35 mass percent oxygen or, if methanol is the only oxygenate, more than 0.15 mass percent oxygen. (p) "Oxygenate" means an oxygen-containing, ashless, organic compound such as an alcohol or ether, which can be used as a fuel or fuel supplement. (q) "Developmental engine fuel" means any experimental automotive spark-ignition engine fuel or compression-ignition fuel which does not meet current standards established by this chapter but has characteristics which may lead to an improved fuel standard or the development of an alternative fuel standard. (r) "Hydrogen" means a fuel composed of the chemical hydrogen intended for consumption in an internal combustion engine or fuel cell.

13402. "Standard test," as used in this chapter, means test conducted in accordance with the latest published standard adopted by the American Society for Testing and Materials.


13403. "Octane number" or "antiknock index number," when used in this chapter, means that number assigned to a spark ignition engine fuel which designates the antiknock quality. The "octane number" or "antiknock index number" shall be determined according to the American Society for Testing and Materials method or methods designated in the latest American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Standard Specification D-4814.


13404. The sale of compressed natural gas by persons who sell compressed natural gas at retail to the public for use only as a motor vehicle fuel, and who are exempted from public utility status by subdivision (f) of Section 216 of the Public Utilities Code, is a sale of a motor fuel for the purposes of this chapter.


13405. (a) The Department of Food and Agriculture may grant a variance from the specifications of this chapter for developmental engine fuels if all of the following conditions apply: (1) Variances may only be granted to provide for the development of information under controlled test conditions to assist in the creation of chemical and performance standards for engine fuels. (2) Developmental engine fuel shall only be distributed or sold to fleet-type centrally fueled vehicle and equipment users. (3) The applicant shall warn all parties in writing of any potential risk associated with the use of the developmental engine fuel. (4) The applicant shall report information when and as the department may prescribe in order for the department to monitor the progress of the developmental engine fuel technology evaluation. (b) The applicant for a variance shall comply with all other requirements, terms, and conditions that are contained in regulations adopted by the department to further the purposes and administration of this section. (c) (1) In granting a variance, the department expresses no opinion as to whether an applicant's developmental engine fuel will perform as represented by the applicant nor any opinion to the extent, if at all, that the developmental engine fuel may be safely and effectively used as a substitute for other spark-ignition or compression-ignition engine fuels without incident. (2) Damages caused by the sale, delivery, storage, handling, and usage of the developmental engine fuel shall be addressed in accordance with contractual provisions negotiated and agreed upon by the applicant and the user. (d) The department may withdraw a variance if the applicant does not adhere to the conditions required to obtain the variance or if the department recognizes a high probability of equipment harm with the continued use of the developmental engine fuel or to protect public safety.


Article 2. Sale Of Petroleum Products

Ca Codes (bpc:13410-13413) Business And Professions Code Section 13410-13413



13410. (a) No person who is engaged in the business of extracting oil or gas from lands within the state, or of refining gasoline for sale within the state, may refuse to sell to any city or county sufficient quantities of his or her petroleum products for the essential services provided by such city or county. (b) The board of supervisors of a county or its designated county agency, upon application for the purchase of petroleum products to perform essential services by a city within that county, by any agency of such city or county which performs an essential service, or by any transit district created pursuant to law, may arrange for such purchase and shall apportion the purchase among all persons specified in subdivision (a) who engage in the sale of petroleum products within that county. The board of supervisors or its designated county agency shall, to the extent possible, apportion the total purchase of the petroleum product on the basis of such persons' sales of such petroleum product in the county during the most recent 90-day period for which information is available. (c) For the purposes of this section, "essential services" means police, fire, health, and transportation services provided by public agencies.

13411. (a) Except as specified in subdivision (b), it is unlawful for any person to sell or offer to sell petroleum products for use in any vehicle, as the term vehicle is defined by the Vehicle Code, on the condition that the purchaser also must purchase or pay for any other products, merchandise, or services. (b) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), a person who operates a full service car wash facility may sell or offer to sell petroleum products for use in a vehicle on the condition that the purchaser also must purchase car wash services, provided that all of the following conditions are met: (1) The full service car wash facility, during the base period, as a normal business practice sold gasoline or other motor fuels only to customers who purchased car wash services. (2) The retail price for car wash services charged by the facility during any given month does not exceed the retail price for car wash services charged by the facility during the last month of the base period except by an amount equivalent to that which is produced by multiplying the retail price charged for car wash services during the last month of the base period by the percentage by which the figure representing the California Consumer Price Index as compiled and reported by the California Department of Industrial Relations has increased in the period beginning with the last month of the base period and ending with the given month. (3) The full service car wash facility sells or offers to sell in conjunction with the car wash services not less than ten gallons of gasoline with each purchase of such car wash services. (4) The full service car wash facility when conditioning the sale of gasoline upon the purchase of car wash services posts in a conspicuous manner as close to the entrance to the facility as is permitted by local ordinance a sign in letters not less than six inches in height which effectively states that the purchaser must purchase car wash services in order to purchase gasoline. (c) For the purposes of this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) "Base period" refers to either the year of 1977, 1978, or 1979, whichever year is selected by the current operator of a full service car wash facility subject to this section. Once the operator of a full service car wash facility has selected one of these years as a base period the operator or any subsequent purchaser of the facility may utilize no other year as a base period for the purposes of this section. If the full service car wash facility was not in operation during 1977, 1978, or 1979, the base period shall be the first full calendar year in which the facility is in operation. (2) "Full service car wash facility" means a facility which, during the base period, sold or offered to sell full service car wash services and the service of waxing the exterior of a vehicle by hand and at the same time and location sold or offered to sell gasoline. (3) "Full service car wash services" means the cleaning of the exterior of a vehicle, by means of mechanical devices or mechanical devices and individuals, the drying of the exterior of a vehicle, and the cleaning, including vacuuming, of the interior of a vehicle. (4) "Practice" means a repeated or customary action as verified by business records or other admissible evidence. (d) In any civil action brought pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 17200) of Part 2 of Division 7 of this code for a violation of this section by a person who operates a full service car wash facility or his or her employees or agents, the person who operates the full service car wash facility shall have the burden of proof with respect to establishing compliance with the provisions of this section. (e) Any person who elects to operate a full service car wash facility pursuant to subdivision (b) shall maintain records to substantiate that the person has complied with the provisions of paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) of subdivision (b) and shall permit the district attorney of the county in which the full service car wash facility is located and any authorized representative of a governmental agency which is authorized under state law to enforce the provisions of this section to inspect such records during normal business hours. (f) Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 13590, the district attorney of each county shall enforce the provisions of this section. (g) The provisions of subdivisions (b) to (e), inclusive, shall apply only during periods when the maximum retail price which may be charged for gasoline sold by any person in this state is established by the federal or state government, or any department, agency, board, or other entity thereof.


13413. It is unlawful for any person or other legal entity to make any deceptive, false, or misleading statement by any means whatever regarding quality, quantity, performance, price, discount, or saving used in the sale or selling of any commodity regulated pursuant to this chapter. The following misleading, unfair, or deceptive acts or practices committed or permitted by any person offering for sale any product which is regulated by this chapter are also a violation of this section: (a) Misrepresenting the brand, grade, quality, or price of a petroleum product. (b) Using false or deceptive representations or designations in connection with the sale of petroleum products. (c) Advertising petroleum products or services and not selling them as advertised. (d) Advertising petroleum products of a designated brand, grade, trademark, or tradename not actually sold or available for sale. (e) Making false, deceptive, or misleading statements concerning conditions of sale or price reductions. (f) Representing that the consumer will receive a rebate, discount, or other economic benefit and then failing to give that rebate, discount, or other economic benefit. (g) Except as otherwise permitted, selling a grade of motor fuel at more than one price and advertising only the lower price without advertising each of the higher prices in equal size numerals on the same advertising medium. (h) Placing letters, words, figures, or numerals on any advertising medium offering for sale any goods or merchandise, other than motor fuel, if the advertising medium may be construed by any reasonable person as advertising a price of motor fuel. (i) Forging or falsifying any records or documents required by this chapter or knowingly keeping, using, or displaying the false or forged records or documents.


Article 3. Hours Of Business

Ca Codes (bpc:13420-13422) Business And Professions Code Section 13420-13422



13420. Every person, firm, partnership, association, trustee, or corporation which owns, leases, or rents and operates a gasoline service station or other facility which offers gasoline or other motor vehicle fuel for sale to the public from such a facility abutting or adjacent to a street or highway shall accurately update all signs, banners, or other advertising media which indicate hours of such sale. Advertising media indicating hours of sale shall be updated on a monthly basis.


13421. Every person, firm, partnership, association, trustee, or corporation which owns, leases, or rents and operates a gasoline service station or other facility which offers gasoline or other motor vehicle fuel for sale to the public from such a facility abutting or adjacent to a street or highway shall turn off all outdoor lighted advertising media at their place of business when they are not open for business. This section shall only apply to the service station and not the retail business in a situation where gasoline service station or other facility is a part of and adjacent to a retail business provided the retail sale of gasoline or other motor vehicle fuel is not the primary purpose of that business.


13422. A violation of this article is an infraction punishable by a fine not to exceed one hundred dollars ($100).


Article 4. Motor Oil Fee

Ca Codes (bpc:13430-13434) Business And Professions Code Section 13430-13434



13430. As used in this article, "motor oil dealer" means any person, firm, or corporation engaged in the business of producing, packaging, or otherwise preparing motor oil for market, or selling or distributing motor oil. Notwithstanding any other provision of this division, and for the purpose of this article, "motor oil" means any product used to lubricate the moving parts of an internal combustion engine.


13431. The following persons shall pay to the secretary a maximum fee of five cents ($0.05) for each gallon of motor oil sold or purchased on or after January 1, 2010, as hereinafter provided: (a) The first person who produced the motor oil shall pay the fee when the motor oil is sold to any retail establishment or motor oil dealer including any sold to the federal government, or its agencies. (b) A retailer shall pay the fee for motor oil received when he or she transports or causes to be transported motor oil into this state from out of state. (c) On any other sale of motor oil the dealer shall pay the fee except that this subdivision shall not apply to any person selling motor oil at retail. (d) The assessment provided for in this section shall only be paid once on any particular motor oil. The secretary may apply a fee of three cents ($0.03) for each gallon of motor oil sold or purchased, as provided in subdivisions (a) to (d), inclusive, prior to the adoption of regulations. The provisions of this section shall not apply to motor oil exported for sale outside this state.

13432. The fees provided in Section 13431 are maximum fees and may be established at a lower rate by the director at any time the funds derived from such assessment are more than reasonably necessary to cover the cost of administration and enforcement of this chapter, including the maintenance of a reasonable reserve fund for such purposes.


13433. The director may, by regulation, prescribe the frequency of payments of such assessments, the procedures for such payment, the procedures for refunds of payment, and penalties for late payment.


13434. The moneys which are received by the director pursuant to this chapter shall be deposited in the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund and shall be used only for the administration and enforcement of this chapter and Chapter 15 (commencing with Section 13700).


Article 5. Standards For Gasoline

Ca Codes (bpc:13440-13443) Business And Professions Code Section 13440-13443



13440. (a) The department shall establish specifications for automotive spark-ignition engine fuels. The department shall adopt by reference the latest standards established by a recognized consensus organization or standards writing organization such as the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) or the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), for automotive spark-ignition engine fuel, except that no specification shall be less stringent than required by any California state law. (b) Any gasoline-oxygenate blend containing methanol shall also contain an alcohol cosolvent (butanol or higher molecular weight alcohol) in an amount equal to or greater than the volume percentage of methanol except those blends previously granted a waiver by the Environmental Protection Agency. (c) Any gasoline-oxygenate blend containing ethanol that complies with Section 2258 of Title 13 of the California Code of Regulations, as it reads on the effective date of the act amending this section during the 1993-94 Regular Session, or as amended, may exceed the Reid vapor pressure limits of ASTM D 4814 for the area and season in which the blend is sold at retail by not more than 6.9 kilopascals (1.0 pounds per square inch), except the total Reid vapor pressure shall not exceed 103 kilopascals (15 pounds per square inch). (d) The antiknock index as defined in Section 13403 for gasoline and gasoline-oxygenate blends shall not be less than 87. (e) Gasoline and gasoline-oxygenate blends shall meet the latest specifications set forth in ASTM D 4814, except that no specification shall be less stringent than required by any California state law. (f) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, gasoline sold for use in Inyo or Mono County, or the portion of Kern County lying east of the Los Angeles County Aqueduct, shall comply with the latest specification set forth in ASTM D 4814 relating to volatility class standards for the season during which the gasoline is sold for either the interior region or the southeast region of California, except that no specification shall be less stringent than is required by any California state law.


13440.5. For purposes of determining the percentage of a motor fuel (including gasohol) which consists of alcohol, the volume of alcohol includes the volume of any denaturant (including gasoline) which is added to the extent that these denaturants do not exceed 5 percent of the volume of the alcohol (including denaturants).


13441. It is unlawful for any person to sell any product as, or purporting to be, gasoline or automotive spark-ignition engine fuel, unless the product conforms to the specifications of this article.


13442. It is unlawful for any person to sell, offer for sale, or cause or permit to be sold or offered for sale, or deliver or offer for delivery, any petroleum product as a fuel for internal combustion engines at any place where petroleum products are kept or stored for sale, which does not conform to the requirements of this article, unless and until there shall be firmly attached to or painted upon each container, receptacle, pump, and inlet end of the fill pipe of each underground storage tank, from which or into which such petroleum product is drawn or poured for sale or delivery, a sign or label, plainly visible, comprising the brand, trademark, or trade name of such fuel, or the words "no brand," which words shall be in letters of gothic type with a stroke of not less than one-eighth inch in width and not less than one inch in height, and also the words "not gasoline" in red letters of gothic type with a stroke of not less than one-half inch in width and not less than three inches in height, on a white background and not less than twice the size of any other letters or words appearing on or near the label or sign. The provisions of this article, as to the words "not gasoline," shall not apply to signs or labels used in connection with the sale or delivery of kerosene, jet or turbine fuel, diesel fuel, liquefied petroleum gas, or motor fuel comprised of a mixture of gasoline and lubricating oil properly labeled in accordance with the provisions of Article 9 (commencing with Section 13480).


13443. The sign or label required by this article to be attached to the inlet end of the fill-pipe of an underground storage tank shall consist of a tag or plate firmly attached or affixed and plainly visible while the tank is being filled. The letters on such sign or label may be of any convenient size.


Article 5.5. Standards For Hydrogen

Ca Codes (bpc:13446) Business And Professions Code Section 13446



13446. On or before January 1, 2008, the department, with the concurrence of the State Air Resources Board, shall establish specifications for hydrogen fuels for use in internal combustion engines and fuel cells in motor vehicles until a standards development organization accredited by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) formally adopts standards for hydrogen fuels for use in internal combustion engines and fuel cells in motor vehicles. The department shall then adopt by reference the latest standards established by the ANSI-accredited standards development organization for hydrogen fuel for use in internal combustion engines and fuel cells in motor vehicles, except that no specification or standard shall be less stringent than is required by state law.


Article 6. Standards For Diesel Fuel, Kerosene, And Fuel Oils 13450-13451

Ca Codes (bpc:13450-13451) Business And Professions Code Section 13450-13451



13450. The department shall establish specifications for compression-ignition engine fuel, kerosene, and fuel oil. The department shall adopt by reference the latest standards established by a recognized consensus organization or standards writing organization such as the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) or the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), for compression-ignition engine fuels, kerosene, and fuel oil, except that no specification shall be less stringent than required by any California state law. (a) Diesel fuel shall meet the specifications set forth in ASTM D-975, except that sulfur specifications shall not exceed the maximum specified by any California state law. (b) Kerosene shall meet the specifications set forth in ASTM D-3699. (c) Fuel oil shall meet the specifications set forth in ASTM D-396, except that sulfur specifications shall not exceed the maximum specified by any California state law.


13451. It is unlawful for any person to sell or deliver to any premises for the purpose of sale, any product as or purported to be "compression-ignition engine fuel," "diesel fuel," "kerosene," or "fuel oil," unless the product conforms to the specifications of this article.


Article 7. Standards For Lubricating Oils And Oils Used To Lubricate Transmissions, Gears, Or Axles

Ca Codes (bpc:13460-13462) Business And Professions Code Section 13460-13462



13460. Engine oil shall not be sold or distributed for use in an internal combustion engine unless the product conforms to the following specifications: (a) It shall meet the engine oil requirements established by the latest revision of the Society of Automotive Engineers Standard SAE J183 for engine oil performance and engine service classification. (b) The flashpoints for the various Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) classifications shall not be less than the following when tested in accordance with the latest ASTM standard method of test for flash and fire points by means of the Cleveland open cup (ASTM D-92): Kinematic Viscosity (centistoke) Minimum Viscosity by ASTM D445 Flash Degrees Classification at 100* C Fahrenheit SAE 5W 305 SAE 10W 335 SAE 20W 345 SAE 20 345 SAE 30 355 SAE 40 375 SAE 50 400 SAE 60 435 Grade 70 26.1 to less 470 than 31.7 (c) It shall be free from water and suspended matter when tested by means of centrifuge, in accordance with the standard test ASTM D-2273. (d) Any engine oil that is represented to meet SAE engine oil performance and engine service classification SA must have a neutralization number as measured by ASTM method D-974 of 0.20 maximum. (e) Any engine oil represented as "energy conserving" shall meet the requirements established by the latest revision of the Society of Automotive Engineers Recommended Practice SAE J-1423.


13461. Lubricating oil shall not be sold or distributed for use in lubricating manual transmissions, gears, or axles unless the product conforms to the following specifications: (a) It meets the service requirements contained in the latest revision of the SAE Information Report on axle and manual transmission lubricants SAE J308. (b) The viscosity grade classification number shall be the same as the latest published Society of Automotive Engineers Standard SAE J306 when tested in accordance with the latest method published by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). (c) It shall be free from water and suspended matter when tested by means of centrifuge, in accordance with the standard test ASTM D-2273.


13462. Any manufacturer or packager of any product subject to this article and sold in this state shall provide, upon request to duly authorized representatives of the department, documentation of any claim made upon their products' label.


Article 8. Price Indications On Petroleum Dispensing Apparatus

Ca Codes (bpc:13470-13477) Business And Professions Code Section 13470-13477



13470. No person shall sell at retail to the general public, any motor fuel from any place of business in this state unless there is displayed on the dispensing apparatus in a conspicuous place at least one sign or price indicator showing the actual total price per gallon or liter of all motor fuel sold therefrom. The actual total price per gallon, or liter, shall include fuel taxes and all sales taxes. When a discount for cash is offered from a dispenser computing only at the credit price, at least one sign or label shall be conspicuously displayed on the dispenser indicating that the dispenser is computing at the credit price and indicating the amount of the discount per gallon or liter in letters and numerals not less than one-half inch high. If motor fuel is sold by the liter, the word "liter" shall be conspicuously displayed on the side of the dispensing apparatus from which service can be made.


13470.1. (a) No person shall sell at retail to the general public any motor vehicle fuel from any place of business in this state unless such person shall post and maintain in legible form the maximum lawful selling price of each type and grade of gasoline. The maximum lawful selling price shall be posted on each pump used to dispense gasoline at retail outlets in numbers not less than 1/2 inch high facing each direction from which the pumps are generally viewed by customers. The posting of the actual selling price is not considered to be the posting of the maximum lawful selling price as required by this paragraph. Whenever an adjustment is made to the maximum lawful selling price, each retail seller must post the new adjusted maximum lawful selling price, and remove the prior posted price. (b) For the purposes of this section, "maximum lawful selling price" means the maximum lawful selling price as defined under the Emergency Petroleum Allocation Act, 15 USC 751 et seq., and any regulations promulgated pursuant thereto. (c) Enforcement by the Division of Measurement Standards and each county sealer of weights and measures may consist of referring complaints and information regarding possible violations to the appropriate federal agency.

13470.5. Any person selling, offering for sale, or advertising for sale, at retail to the general public, any gasoline or other motor fuel from any place of business in this state by use of or through or from any dispensing apparatus and displaying any sign showing the actual total price per liter, shall, in addition, display in a conspicuous fashion in full view of the retail purchaser and in accordance with provisions of this chapter, a gallon-to-liter conversion table showing quantity and price equivalents.


13471. Each sign required by this article shall be placed in a conspicuous place on the dispensing apparatus and if service of gasoline or other motor fuel may be made from more than one side of such dispensing apparatus the sign shall be so placed as to be visible from at least two sides of the dispensing apparatus.


13472. When a sign is used in addition to a price indicator as defined in Section 13470, and if the same grade of motor fuel is sold at a different price from any other dispenser on the same premises, it shall be unlawful to display such sign on a dispenser unless a sign with price numerals of equal size is displayed upon each dispenser from which the same grade of motor fuel is dispensed at higher prices.


13473. Unless otherwise provided, all letters, figures, or numerals on each sign required by this article, however affixed, marked, imprinted, placed, or embossed, shall be at least three-fourths of an inch in height and all lines or marks used in the making or forming of all the letters, figures, or numerals which are a part of the sign shall be at least one-eighth of an inch in width.


13474. All letters, figures, or numerals which are part of any sign or price indicator required by this article shall be plainly legible. The color or tint shall contrast with the background and other parts of the sign.

13475. For the purpose of this article, a fraction is considered one numeral.

13477. The provisions of this article do not apply to the sale of motor fuel for aircraft through or from any portable dispensing device.


Article 9. Labeling

Ca Codes (bpc:13480-13490) Business And Professions Code Section 13480-13490



13480. (a) It is unlawful for any person to sell any petroleum product referred to in this chapter at any place where petroleum products are kept or stored for sale, unless there is affixed to each container, receptacle, pump, dispenser, and inlet end of the fill pipe of each underground storage tank, from which or into which that product is drawn or poured out for sale or delivery, a sign or label plainly visible consisting of the name of the product, the brand, trademark, or trade name of the product, and, in the case of engine fuel and kerosene, the grade or brand name designation. (b) When the product is oil, as defined by Section 13401, each sign or label shall also have in letters or numerals, plainly visible, the viscosity grade classification as determined in accordance with the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) latest standard for engine oil viscosity classification SAE J300 or manual transmission and axle lubricants viscosity classification SAE J306, as applicable, and shall be preceded by the letters "SAE." (c) When the product is automotive spark-ignition engine fuel, except M-85 and M-100 methanol fuel, there shall be conspicuously displayed on the dispensing device at least one sign or label showing the minimum octane number or antiknock index, as defined in Section 13403, of the product sold therefrom. (d) When the product is a motor fuel consisting of a mixture or premixture of gasoline and oil or gasoline-oxygenate blend and motor oil, there shall be conspicuously displayed on the dispensing device at least one sign or label stating the ratio of gasoline to motor oil or gasoline-oxygenate blend to motor oil. (e) All signs or labels required by this section for retail motor fuel dispensers and containers of more than one gallon capacity shall be in letters and numerals not less than one-half inch (12.70 mm) in height. On containers of one gallon or less, the signs or labels shall be in letters and numerals not less than one-fourth inch (6.35 mm) in height and one-sixteenth inch (1.59 mm) in width. (f) The provisions of this section pertaining to octane numbers or antiknock index and motor oil SAE viscosity number grade shall not apply to products sold for aviation purposes. (g) This section shall apply, with respect to thinners or solvents, only to the sale, delivery, or offer for sale of the products through service stations, garages, and other retail outlets.


13481. If any petroleum product is offered for sale, but not under any brand, trademark, or tradename, the words "no brand" shall be used as the brand, trademark, or tradename designation. The words "No Brand" shall be in letters of gothic type with a stroke of not less than one-half inch in width, not less than three inches in height, and shall consist of red letters on a white background.


13482. It is unlawful for any person to sell or distribute engine oil or axle and manual transmission lubricant unless the SAE/API service classification is conspicuously marked on each container. Each container of engine oil with a volume of one gallon or less shall bear a plainly visible statement indicating generally the automobile model years or condition of service for which the engine oil is suitable for gasoline engines as described in SAE J183.


13483. The provisions of this article as to size of letters shall not apply to signs or labels at the inlet end of any underground storage tank, which letters may be of any convenient size but such letters shall be plainly visible while such underground storage tank is being filled.


13484. Whenever any pump, receptacle, or other container is maintained or used to serve more than one driveway, the signs or labels required by this chapter shall be placed upon both sides of such pump, receptacle, or other container so that one set of signs or labels shall be clearly visible from each such driveway. Wherever any pump, receptacle, or other container is maintained or used to serve only one driveway, the signs or labels required by this chapter shall be upon the side of such pump, receptacle, or other container adjacent to such driveway.


13485. Small hand measures used for delivery of petroleum products, and filled in the presence of the customer, need not be labeled in accordance with this chapter if the receptacle, container, or pump from which petroleum products are drawn or poured into such hand measures is properly labeled as required by this chapter.


13486. (a) It is unlawful, at any place of business where petroleum products are sold, for any person to do either of the following: (1) Deliver into a storage tank or container any petroleum product other than the product identified on the label attached to the storage tank or container. (2) Sell by means of, or through, a pump or other device, any petroleum product other than the product identified on the required label, tag, or sign attached to the pump or other device. (b) This section does not prohibit the delivery of motor fuel into a storage tank labeled with the authorized rebrand as provided in Article 14 (commencing with Section 13560).


13489. The use of pumps or other devices which are capable of withdrawing gasoline from each of two tanks containing different qualities of the same petroleum product and dispensing them as a single combined product shall be authorized when the department determines that all of the following conditions exist: (a) The device mechanism accurately measures the quantities of the gasoline being simultaneously withdrawn from each of the two tanks and the quantity dispensed. (b) The device mechanism accurately and visibly records and displays the resulting combined quality, the total quantity, the price per gallon or liter for the particular quality combination being dispensed, and the total price of the quantity of gasoline dispensed at the particular sale. (c) The device has a locking selector mechanism which prevents the changing of the proportion of the two qualities being combined during the dispensing of the desired quantity. The provisions of this section shall not supersede any other provisions in this chapter, except that they shall supersede the provisions of Sections 13442, 13443, 13480, 13483, 13486, 13487, and 13488 to the extent necessary to authorize the operation of a blending type of pump connected to two tanks containing two different products, or two different grades of the same product, which, when blended together in different proportions, will produce gasolines of different octane rating, each blend of which shall meet the specifications for gasoline as required by this chapter.


13490. The use of pumps or other devices which are capable of withdrawing gasoline from one tank and motor oil, or a premixture of gasoline and motor oil in a known ratio, from another tank, and dispensing them as a single combined product, or of withdrawing gasoline alone from the tank containing gasoline and of withdrawing a premixture of gasoline and motor oil alone from the tank containing a premixture of gasoline and motor oil shall be authorized when the department determines that all the following conditions exist: (a) The device mechanism accurately measures the quantities being simultaneously withdrawn for dispensing as a combined product from each of the two tanks when the combined product is dispensed, the quantity being dispensed from the gasoline tank when gasoline alone is dispensed, or the quantity being dispensed from the tank containing a premixture of gasoline and motor oil when the premixture alone is dispensed. (b) The device mechanism accurately and visibly records and displays: (1) the ratio of gasoline to motor oil or premixture, the quantity of each ingredient being dispensed, the price per gallon or liter for the gasoline being dispensed, and the price per quart or liter for any motor oil or premixture being dispensed or (2) the ratio of gasoline to motor oil or premixture and the price per gallon or liter for the product being dispensed. (c) The device mechanism prevents the changing of the ratio of gasoline to motor oil or premixture during dispensing. The provisions of this section shall supersede Sections 13442, 13443, 13480, 13483, 13486, 13487, and 13488 to the extent necessary to authorize the operation of the above-described blending type of pump connected to two tanks, one containing motor oil, or a premixture of motor oil and gasoline in a known ratio, and the other gasoline, provided that the motor oil shall in its separate state meet the specifications for motor oil as required by Section 13460 and that the gasoline shall in its separate state meet the specifications for gasoline as required by Section 13440.


Article 10. Tank Vehicles

Ca Codes (bpc:13500-13503) Business And Professions Code Section 13500-13503



13500. (a) It is unlawful for any person to transport in any tank vehicle, for the purpose of sale or for delivery to any place where petroleum products are stored for sale, any petroleum product referred to in this chapter unless there is firmly affixed at each outlet or valve of the tank vehicle, a metal tag, plate, or label. The tag, plate, or label shall display, in letters not less than one-half inch in height, the name and grade of the product in the tank compartment of the tank vehicle. In the case of motor oil, the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) viscosity number shall also be displayed on the tag, plate, or label. (b) If the product is gasoline intended to be sold as unleaded gasoline, the grade designation shall contain a designation of unleaded.

13501. It is unlawful for any person, when delivering for the purpose of sale, or delivering to any place where petroleum products are kept for sale, to commingle any product with another product or to commingle grades of a product, if as a result of the commingling the product delivered does not meet the specifications adopted or established by the department.


13502. It is unlawful for any person to deliver into a storage tank or container at any place where petroleum products are stored for sale, any product other than the product identified on the label attached to the storage tank or container.


13503. It is unlawful to deliver aviation gasolines to the fuel tank of any aircraft through the same meter used for deliveries of gasolines not specifically refined or manufactured for aviation use.


Article 11. Basis Of Settlement

Ca Codes (bpc:13520) Business And Professions Code Section 13520



13520. It is unlawful for any distributor or for any broker to sell any product to a retailer or to any person, when the quantity distributed in any single delivery to a single location is 5,000 or more gallons, as, or purporting to be, gasoline or diesel fuel, unless the distributor or broker, as the case may be, offers to invoice the purchaser for such gasoline or diesel fuel on the basis of temperature-corrected gallonage to 60 degrees Fahrenheit for all such deliveries to the purchaser over a period of 12 consecutive months and settles his accounts with the purchaser on the same basis.


Article 12. Price Sign Advertising

Ca Codes (bpc:13530-13540) Business And Professions Code Section 13530-13540



13530. (a) Nothing in this article applies to price indicators and signs referred to in Article 8 (commencing with Section 13470). However, any numerals designating the price per gallon or liter for a particular brand and grade of motor fuel permitted or required under Article 8 (commencing with Section 13470) shall, unless otherwise stated, be identical in numerical value with the price per gallon or liter for the same brand and grade of motor fuel permitted or required under this article. (b) Nothing in this chapter requires that the cash or merchandise value of trading stamps be stated on any advertising media which either advertises the stamps or advertises the price of motor fuel. (c) Unless otherwise prohibited, any person selling motor fuel by the liter shall be authorized to advertise its price by displaying on the advertising medium either the price per liter or the price per gallon.


13531. (a) Every person offering for sale or selling any motor vehicle fuel to the public from any place of business shall display on the premises an advertising medium which complies with the requirements of this article and which advertises the prices of the three major grades of motor vehicle fuel offered for sale. The advertising medium shall be clearly visible from the street or highway adjacent to the premises. When the place of business is situated at an intersection, the advertising medium shall be clearly visible from each street of the intersection. For the purposes of this subdivision, motor vehicle fuel does not include propane. (b) The governing body of any city, county, or city and county may, by ordinance, exempt specified geographic areas from the provisions of this section if, pursuant to Article 5 (commencing with Section 65300) of Chapter 3 of Title 7 of the Government Code, the areas are designated on the local general plan as scenic corridors or historic preservation areas. (c) (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), any person who violates the provisions of subdivision (a) is guilty of an infraction and, upon conviction, is punishable by a fine not to exceed five hundred dollars ($500). (2) Any person who violates the provisions of subdivision (a) and who has been previously convicted two or more times of a violation of subdivision (a) is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, is punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding six months, by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by both. (d) Notwithstanding Section 13590, the district attorney of each county, or pursuant to Section 41803.5 of the Government Code, the city attorney of any general law city or chartered city within each county, or the county sealer, shall, upon complaint or upon his or her own motion, enforce the provisions of this section and, in addition, may bring an action for injunctive relief in accordance with Section 13611.


13532. (a) It is unlawful for any person to display any advertising medium which indicates the price of motor fuel unless the advertising medium displays all of the following: (1) The price per gallon or liter, including all taxes, in numerals, and fractions when applicable, not less than six inches in height and of uniform size and color. For the purpose of this article, fractions are considered one numeral. (2) The trademark or brand of the motor fuel in letters, figures, or numerals not less than one-third the size of the numerals designating the price. (3) The word "gasoline" or the name of other motor fuel in letters not less than one-third the size of the numerals designating the price, but these words need not be more than four inches in height. (4) The grade designation of the motor fuel in letters or numerals not less than one-sixth the size of the numerals designating the price, but this designation need not be more than four inches in height. (5) If motor fuel prices are advertised by the liter, the word "liter" shall be displayed on the advertising medium in letters not less than one-third the size of the numerals designating the price. (b)(1) It is unlawful for any person to display an advertising medium which advertises a discount or price reduction for motor fuel, unless the advertising medium contains all the following: (A) The price per gallon or liter from which the discount or price reduction is to be taken. (B) The amount of the discount or price reduction in cents per gallon or liter using numerals which do not exceed the height of the numerals in the advertised price. (C) The conditions of the discount or price reduction using words whose letters are not less than one-third the size of the price numerals. (2) Any limitations under which the discount or price reduction is offered shall be explained in words whose letters are not less than one-third the size of the numerals indicating the prices. (3) There shall be available for each customer's reference, a chart showing the amount of discount for each type unit being sold (gallon/liter) or fraction thereof in one cent ($0.01) increments, or the retail dispensers used to dispense fuel at the discount price shall be set to compute the total sale at the discounted price per gallon or liter and shall be clearly labeled "Includes Cash Discount" in letters not less than one inch in height. (4) For purposes of this subdivision, the motor fuel shall be sold in the same unit of measure (e.g., gallons or liters) in which the discount and the price from which the discount is taken are advertised. (c) In the event that the same grade of motor fuel is sold at different prices from any single place of business, it is unlawful for any person to display any advertising medium which advertises a price of a grade of motor fuel unless the advertising medium advertises in numerals of equal size each of the higher prices, including all taxes for which the grade is sold or offered for sale, and unless the advertising medium explains the conditions, and any limitations, under which that grade is sold or offered for sale at different prices. The words of explanation shall be clearly shown in letters at least one-third the size of the numerals indicating the prices. The different prices at which the same grade of motor fuel is sold or offered for sale shall be advertised in the same unit of measure (either price per gallon or price per liter) as permitted or required by law. (d) Nothing in this section prohibits any person who has posted or displayed a sign or advertising medium in compliance with this chapter from displaying additional signs or advertising media which state either (1) the amount of discount in cents per gallon or liter, or (2) the price of one or more brands or grades of motor fuel sold or offered for sale, provided the conditions and any limitations of the discount or price of the brand or grade of motor fuel are included in the additional advertising media in letters not less than one-third the size of the numerals indicating the discount or price.


13533. It shall be unlawful for any person to display on or near the premises of any place of business in this state any advertising medium which advertises the price of motor oil offered for sale without conspicuously showing on the same advertising medium the brand of the motor oil and the name of the product. The letters, figures and numerals used to designate the brand and the name of the product shall not be less than one-half the size of the numerals designating the price.


13534. (a) Except as provided by subdivision (b), and subdivisions (b), (c), and (d) of Section 13532, it is unlawful for any person to place any additional advertising matter on any advertising medium referred to in this article except: (1) A description of the products offered for sale in letters or numerals not larger than the price numerals. (2) Methods of sale, such as self-serve or full-serve, in letters not less than one-third the size of the price numerals. (3) Words describing the type of services offered at the place of business, such as food market, carwash, tune up, and the registered trademark or trade name of the service, but not the price of the service. (b) Subdivision (a) does not apply to electronic changeable message centers when the advertising content includes both the product offered for sale and its price in a single advertising message, or when the product and price components of the advertising message clearly relate to one another and the price neither starts nor ends the message.

13535. If any motor fuel or motor oil is advertised for sale, but not under any brand designation, the words "no brand" shall be used on the advertising medium as a brand designation.


13536. All letters, words, figures, or numerals which are part of the advertising media referred to in this article shall have a heavy type face or stroke, shall be clearly visible, and of a color or tint that will contrast the letters, words, figures, or numerals with the background of the advertising media. The height of the letters, figures, and numerals, except the letter "l" and numeral one, shall not be more than twice the width.


13540. Nothing in this article shall be construed to prohibit the governing body of any city, county, or city and county from enacting ordinances, including, but not limited to, land use and zoning ordinances, which impose restrictions on the advertising medium referred to in this article, so long as any provisions of the ordinances dealing with matters specifically covered in this article are identical to this article.


Article 13. Inducements For The Sale Of Gasoline Or Motor Fuel

Ca Codes (bpc:13550) Business And Professions Code Section 13550



13550. No petroleum corporation or distributor shall compel or unduly or unreasonably influence any retail gasoline dealer to participate in the giveaway or offer to give away free of charge any item of value, including trading stamps or any kind of merchandise or goods, whether or not such giveaway is conditional upon the purchase of gasoline, motor fuel, or petroleum products. The decision to participate in such giveaways shall be solely that of the retail gasoline dealer. Nothing in this section shall prohibit a retail gasoline dealer from entering into an agreement to participate in any such giveaway program.


Article 14. Passing Off

Ca Codes (bpc:13561-13571) Business And Professions Code Section 13561-13571



13561. This article does not prohibit any person from selling under his or her own trademarks, trade names, brands, or the words "no brand," the product of any manufacturer if such person has first obtained the written authorization of the true manufacturer so to sell such product.


13562. No person other than the true manufacturer who purchases any petroleum product shall change the designation under which the product is purchased by him or her, without a written authorization.


13568. Copies of the written authorizations required by this article shall be furnished the department upon request.


13570. (a) A manufacturer, blender, agent, jobber, consignment agent, or distributor who distributes motor fuel products that contain at least 1 percent alcohol by volume, shall state on an invoice, bill of lading, shipping paper, or other documentation used in normal and customary business practices, the percentage of alcohol, the type of alcohol, and, except in documentation certifying the octane rating of gasoline as required by federal law, the minimum antiknock index number, as defined in Section 13403, of the products distributed. (b) If a motor vehicle fuel product contains less than 10 percent alcohol, a statement in the documentation that the product "contains up to 10% ethanol" meets the requirement of subdivision (a) that it state the percentage of alcohol. (c) This section, as it relates to certification of the minimum antiknock index number, applies to all motor vehicle gasoline distributed.

13571. Copies of the documentation specified in Section 13570 shall be available for inspection during business hours by duly authorized representatives of the department.


Article 16. Enforcement

Ca Codes (bpc:13590-13600) Business And Professions Code Section 13590-13600



13590. It is the duty of the department acting through the Division of Measurement Standards to enforce the provisions of this chapter, and to appoint and employ such inspectors as may be necessary therefor.

13591. The department, its inspectors, and each sealer, are hereby authorized and empowered to inspect the petroleum products referred to in this chapter and to enter, for the purpose of such inspection, any place where petroleum products are kept or stored for sale. All such officers shall enforce the provisions of this chapter.


13592. The department, each sealer, and any person now or hereafter authorized or empowered by law to inspect the petroleum products referred to in this chapter, may take such sample or samples as may be necessary of any petroleum or petroleum product kept or stored for the purpose of sale.

13593. It is unlawful for any person, or any member, officer, agent, or employee of a firm, association, or corporation, to refuse to permit any person authorized by this article to take such sample or samples permitted by this chapter, or to prevent or to attempt to prevent the taking of such sample or samples.


13594. If the owner or person in possession of the product of which a sample is taken under this article shall at the time of the taking, demand payment for the commodity taken, then the person taking the sample shall pay therefor the reasonable market price.


13595. (a) It is unlawful for any person to sell or deliver any petroleum product referred to in this chapter which fails to meet the specifications required by this chapter. (b) It is unlawful for any person to sell or deliver any petroleum product referred to in this chapter into, from, or through an unlabeled or mislabeled container or device. (c) The department, each county sealer, deputy county sealer, and inspector may close and seal outlets and inlets of any receptacles, containers, pumps, dispensers, or storage tanks connected to the outlets and inlets, containing any petroleum product referred to in this chapter which fails to meet the requirements of this chapter. The person so sealing shall post in a conspicuous place on the premises, where a receptacle, container, pump, dispenser, or storage tank connected to the outlets and inlets has been sealed, a notice stating that the action of sealing has been taken in accordance with this chapter, and giving warning that it is unlawful to break, mutilate, or destroy the seal or seals of the outlets and inlets, to move the container, or to remove the contents from the container, under the penalty provided in this division. (d) If a container or lot of containers of any commodity subject to this chapter is found to contain a commodity not in conformity with this chapter, the director or sealer representing the director may take a sample or samples reasonably necessary for enforcement purposes and may in writing order the containers off sale. Any lot or container ordered off sale pursuant to this section shall be subject to a disposal order by the enforcing officer and shall not be sold, offered for sale, or transported, except in accordance with that disposal order. Any action pursuant to this section shall not affect any rights of a retailer under a warranty of merchantability or warranty of fitness.

13596. Upon at least 24 hours' written notice from the owner, manager, or operator of the container, receptacle, pump, or storage tank which has been sealed, to the department or to the sealer of the county in which the premises are situated stating that the contents of such container, receptacle, pump, or storage tank will be removed or that such container, receptacle, pump, or storage tank or inlet end of the fill-pipe thereof will be properly labeled as provided in this chapter, at a specified time, between the hours of 9 a.m. and 4 p.m. of a day specified in the notice, other than a holiday, such officer shall, at the time specified, break the seal or seals for the purpose of permitting the removal by such manager, owner, or operator, of the contents of such container, receptacle, pump, or storage tank connected thereto, or the use thereof after proper labeling. The removal of contents or proper labeling of the container, receptacle, pump, storage tank, or inlet end of the fill-pipe thereof, as the case may be, shall be made at the time specified and in the presence of the officer removing the seal.


13597. If for any reason at the time specified in the written notice the contents are not removed, or the container, receptacle, pump, storage tank, or inlet end of the fill-pipe thereof is not properly labeled, then the container, receptacle, pump, or storage tank connected thereto and the inlet end of the fill-pipe of such storage tank shall be again sealed as provided in this article and the contents may not thereafter be removed or the container, receptacle, pump, or storage tank connected thereto, or inlet end of the fill-pipe thereof, be again used, except upon the giving of a new notice and proper labeling.

13598. Upon removal of the contents or proper labeling as provided in this article, the notice previously posted shall be removed and the container, receptacle, pump, or storage tank may be restored to lawful use.

13599. No container, receptacle, pump, or storage tank connected thereto, or the inlet end of the fill-pipe of such storage tank, shall, however, be relabeled by the owner, manager, or operator, whether under the provisions of this article or otherwise, without first removing from such container, receptacle, pump, or storage tank connected thereto, or the inlet end of the fill-pipe thereof, all distinctive colors, brands, trademarks, or trade names thereon of any manufacturer, refiner, producer, distributor, or marketer, indicative of any product not actually contained therein and sold therefrom.

13600. It is unlawful for any person, or any member, officer, agent, or employee of a firm, association, or corporation, other than the department or any of the officers mentioned in this article, to break, mutilate, or destroy any seal or seals placed upon a container, receptacle, pump, or storage tank connected thereto, or any other storage tank containing a petroleum product, when placed thereon as provided by this article, or to move a container so sealed, or remove the contents therefrom, or to cover, deface, or remove the notice of sealing required by this article.


Article 17. Penalties

Ca Codes (bpc:13610-13611) Business And Professions Code Section 13610-13611



13610. Each person is guilty of a separate offense for each day during any portion of which any violation of this chapter is committed, continued, or permitted by the person, and the person shall be punishable therefor as provided in this division.


13611. The department or any sealer may bring an action to enjoin the violation or the threatened violation of any provision of this chapter or of any regulation made pertaining to the provisions of this chapter. The action may be brought in the county in which such violation occurs or is about to occur. There may be enjoined in one proceeding any number of defendants alleged to be violating the same provisions or regulations, although their properties, interests, residences, or places of business may be in several counties and the violations separate and distinct. Any proceeding brought pursuant to this section shall be governed in all other respects by the provisions of Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 525) of Title 7 of Part 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure.


Article 18. Disposition And Use Of Moneys

Ca Codes (bpc:13620) Business And Professions Code Section 13620



13620. Any moneys in the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund derived under Chapters 14 (commencing with Section 13400) and 15 (commencing with Section 13700) may be expended for the administration and enforcement of any or all of the provisions of those chapters, notwithstanding any other provision of law limiting the expenditure of any of those moneys to the specific purposes or to the administration or enforcement of each of the chapters separately.


Article 19. Fuel Delivery Temperature Study

Ca Codes (bpc:13630) Business And Professions Code Section 13630



13630. (a) The California Energy Commission in partnership with the Department of Food and Agriculture and the State Air Resources Board shall conduct a comprehensive survey and cost-benefit analysis, as follows: (1) The department shall conduct a survey on the effect of temperatures on fuel deliveries. The survey shall be conducted during routine dispenser inspections by determining the accuracy of fuel delivery, and recording fuel temperature, air temperature, and storage tank temperature at fuel stations and other fuel facilities subject to inspection. It is the intent of the Legislature that the department use data collected by the survey that the department started on April 1, 2007, and will complete on March 31, 2008. (2) The department shall transmit the results of the survey to the California Energy Commission, which shall conduct a cost-benefit analysis and comparison of various options relative to temperature-corrected gallonage temperatures for the following: (A) Retaining the current reference temperature of 60 degrees Fahrenheit. (B) Establishing a different statewide reference temperature. (C) Establishing different regional reference temperatures for the state. (D) Requiring the installation of temperature correction or compensation equipment at the pump. (b) The commission shall evaluate how different reference temperatures or temperature correction devices apply to alternative fuels and low-carbon fuel standards. (c) The California Energy Commission shall convene an advisory group no later than January 25, 2008, including, but not limited to, equipment manufacturers, consumer groups, fuel industry representatives, agricultural commissioners, appropriate government agencies, and other interested parties to provide guidance on the study pursuant to this section and provide guidance on the analysis and recommendations. (d) The California Energy Commission, in partnership with the Department of Food and Agriculture and the State Air Resources Board, shall conduct public hearings on the results of the cost-benefit analysis and report to the Legislature regarding recommended legislation and regulations based on the results of the study not later than December 31, 2008.


Chapter 14.5. Service Stations

Ca Codes (bpc:13650-13702) Business And Professions Code Section 13650-13702



13650. "Service station," as used in this chapter, means any establishment which offers for sale or sells gasoline or other motor vehicle fuel to the public.

13651. (a) (1) On and after January 1, 2000, every service station in this state shall provide, during operating hours, and make available at no cost to customers who purchase motor vehicle fuel, water, compressed air, and a gauge for measuring air pressure, to the public for use in servicing any passenger vehicle, as defined in Section 465 of the Vehicle Code, or any commercial vehicle, as defined in Section 260 of the Vehicle Code, with an unladen weight of 6,000 pounds or less. (2) Every service station in this state shall display, at a conspicuous place on, at, or near the dispensing apparatus, at least one clearly visible sign which shall read as follows: "CALIFORNIA LAW REQUIRES THIS STATION TO PROVIDE FREE AIR AND WATER FOR AUTOMOTIVE PURPOSES TO ITS CUSTOMERS WHO PURCHASE MOTOR VEHICLE FUEL. IF YOU HAVE A COMPLAINT NOTIFY THE STATION ATTENDANT AND/OR CALL THIS TOLL-FREE TELEPHONE NUMBER: 1 (800) ___ ____." This sign shall meet the requirements of Sections 13473 and 13474 with regard to letter size and contrast. As used in this paragraph, automotive purposes does not include the washing of vehicles. (b) (1) On and after January 1, 1990, every service station in this state located within 660 feet of an accessible right-of-way of an interstate or primary highway, as defined in Sections 5215 and 5220, shall provide, during business hours public restrooms for use by its customers. Service stations shall not charge customers separately for the use of restroom facilities. (2) The public restroom shall not be temporary or portable but shall be permanent and shall include separate facilities for men and women, each with toilets and sinks suitable for use by disabled persons in accordance with Section 19955.5 of the Health and Safety Code and Title 24 of the California Code of Regulations. However, a service station not located along an interstate highway and in a rural area, as defined by Section 101 of Title 23 of the United States Code, and where the annualized average daily traffic count is 2,500 vehicles or less, is only required to provide a single restroom to be used by both men and women unless the local legislative body or, upon designation by the local legislative body, the local building official determines and finds, based upon traffic studies and local or seasonal tourist patterns, that a single restroom would be inadequate to serve the public. In that event, the single restroom exemption shall not apply. The single restroom shall contain a toilet, urinal, and sink suitable for use by disabled persons as required by the Americans With Disabilities Act and Title 24 of the California Code of Regulations. The single restroom shall be equipped with a locking mechanism to be operated by the user of the restroom and the restroom shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary manner. (3) This subdivision does not apply to service stations that are operational prior to January 1, 1990, and that would be obligated to construct permanent restroom facilities to comply with this subdivision. (4) For the purposes of this subdivision, "customer" means a person who purchases any product available for sale on the premises of the service station, including items not related to the repairing or servicing of a motor vehicle. (c) Every service station in this state shall display, at a conspicuous place on, at, or near the dispensing apparatus or at or near the point of sale, at least one clearly visible sign showing a list of applicable state and federal fuel taxes per gallon of motor vehicle fuel sold from the dispensing apparatus. The sign may display the federal excise tax rate as "up to $.184." (d) (1) The Division of Measurement Standards of the Department of Food and Agriculture shall, no later than January 1, 2001, establish a toll-free customer complaint telephone number. The toll-free telephone number thereby established shall be printed on the sign required pursuant to paragraph (2) of subdivision (a). (2) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, employees of the Division of Measurement Standards, upon inspection, or upon notice of a complaint forwarded pursuant to this section, are empowered to investigate a complaint against a service station for lack of free air and water and issue a citation to the station, and to collect a fine of two hundred fifty dollars ($250) per valid complaint, unless the citation is challenged in court. No citation shall be issued if the air and water equipment is in good working order upon initial inspection, or if they are repaired to the satisfaction of the inspecting entity within 10 working days of the initial inspection. In addition, no citation based on nonfunctional air and water equipment shall be issued if the service station can establish that the equipment has been the target of repeated vandalism, substantiated by three or more police reports within six months detailing the vandalism.

13652. (a) Any person who intentionally violates any provision of this chapter or any regulation promulgated pursuant thereto is guilty of an infraction, and, upon conviction, shall be punished by a fine not to exceed fifty dollars ($50) for each day that the person violates the provision or regulation. (b) The failure of an owner or manager of a service station to have adequate water and air facilities available for use by the public, or to provide permanent public restrooms for use by its customers, as required by subdivision (b) of Section 13651, for five consecutive working days, constitutes a rebuttable presumption affecting the burden of proof that the owner or manager has intentionally violated this chapter. This subdivision does not apply to restrooms rendered inoperable as a result of vandalism or plumbing problems that may not be readily repaired. (c) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, no person shall be guilty of the infraction specified in subdivision (a) if that person, within seven days after receiving notification from the city attorney, district attorney, or Attorney General of any violation of this chapter, makes whatever changes are necessary to comply with the requirements of this chapter.


13653. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, this chapter may be enforced by the city attorney, district attorney, or Attorney General.

13660. (a) Every person, firm, partnership, association, trustee, or corporation that operates a service station shall provide, upon request, refueling service to a disabled driver of a vehicle that displays a disabled person's plate or placard, or a disabled veteran' s plate, issued by the Department of Motor Vehicles. The price charged for the motor vehicle fuel shall be no greater than that which the station otherwise would charge the public generally to purchase motor vehicle fuel without refueling service. (b) Any person or entity specified in subdivision (a) that operates a service station shall be exempt from this section during hours when: (1) Only one employee is on duty. (2) Only two employees are on duty, one of whom is assigned exclusively to the preparation of food. As used in this subdivision, the term "employee" does not include a person employed by an unrelated business that is not owned or operated by the entity offering motor vehicle fuel for sale to the general public. (c) (1) Every person, firm, partnership, association, trustee, or corporation required to provide refueling service for persons with disabilities pursuant to this section shall post the following notice, or a notice with substantially similar language, in a manner and single location that is conspicuous to a driver seeking refueling service: "Service to Disabled Persons Disabled individuals properly displaying a disabled person's plate or placard, or a disabled veteran's plate, issued by the Department of Motor Vehicles, are entitled to request and receive refueling service at this service station for which they may not be charged more than the self-service price." (2) If refueling service is limited to certain hours pursuant to an exemption set forth in subdivision (b), the notice required by paragraph (1) shall also specify the hours during which refueling service for persons with disabilities is available. (3) Every person, firm, partnership, association, trustee, or corporation that, consistent with subdivision (b), does not provide refueling service for persons with disabilities during any hours of operation shall post the following notice in a manner and single location that is conspicuous to a driver seeking refueling service: "No Service for Disabled Persons This service station does not provide refueling service for disabled individuals." (4) The signs required by paragraphs (1) and (3) shall also include a statement indicating that drivers seeking information about enforcement of laws related to refueling services for persons with disabilities may call one or more toll-free telephone numbers specified and maintained by the Department of Rehabilitation. By January 31, 1999, the Director of the Department of Rehabilitation shall notify the State Board of Equalization of the toll-free telephone number or numbers to be included on the signs required by this subdivision. At least one of these toll-free telephone numbers shall be accessible to persons using telephone devices for the deaf. The State Board of Equalization shall publish information regarding the toll-free telephone numbers as part of its annual notification required by subdivision (i). In the event that the toll-free telephone number or numbers change, the Director of the Department of Rehabilitation shall notify the State Board of Equalization of the new toll-free telephone number or numbers to be used. (d) During the county sealer's normal petroleum product inspection of a service station, the sealer shall verify that a sign has been posted in accordance with subdivision (c). If a sign has not been posted, the sealer shall issue a notice of violation to the owner or agent. The sealer shall be reimbursed, as prescribed by the department, from funds provided under Chapter 14. If substantial, repeated violations of subdivision (c) are noted at the same service station, the sealer shall refer the matter to the appropriate local law enforcement agency. (e) The local law enforcement agency shall, upon the verified complaint of any person or public agency, investigate the actions of any person, firm, partnership, association, trustee, or corporation alleged to have violated this section. If the local law enforcement agency determines that there has been a denial of service in violation of this section, or a substantial or repeated failure to comply with subdivision (c), the agency shall levy the fine prescribed in subdivision (f). (f) Any person who, as a responsible managing individual setting service policy of a service station, or as an employee acting independently against the set service policy, acts in violation of this section is guilty of an infraction punishable by a fine of one hundred dollars ($100) for the first offense, two hundred dollars ($200) for the second offense, and five hundred dollars ($500) for each subsequent offense. (g) In addition to those matters referred pursuant to subdivision (e), the city attorney, the district attorney, or the Attorney General, upon his or her own motion, may investigate and prosecute alleged violations of this section. Any person or public agency may also file a verified complaint alleging violation of this section with the city attorney, district attorney, or Attorney General. (h) Enforcement of this section may be initiated by any intended beneficiary of the provisions of this section, his or her representatives, or any public agency that exercises oversight over the service station, and the action shall be governed by Section 1021.5 of the Code of Civil Procedure. (i) An annual notice setting forth the provisions of this section shall be provided by the State Board of Equalization to every person, firm, partnership, association, trustee, or corporation that operates a service station. (j) A notice setting forth the provisions of this section shall be printed on each disabled person's placard issued by the Department of Motor Vehicles on and after January 1, 1999. A notice setting forth the provisions of this section shall be provided to each person issued a disabled person's or disabled veteran's plate on and after January 1, 1998. (k) For the purposes of this action "refueling service" means the service of pumping motor vehicle fuel into the fuel tank of a motor vehicle.

13700. (a) "Automotive product" means engine coolant or antifreeze, prediluted engine coolant or prediluted antifreeze, brake fluid, and automatic transmission fluid. (b) "Automatic transmission fluid" means a product intended for use in a passenger vehicle, other than a bus, as either a lubricant, coolant, or liquid medium in any type of fluid automatic transmission, or any other type of unit through which, or by which, force, energy, or power is transferred from a motor vehicle engine by hydraulic means to the driving assembly. (c) "Brake fluid" means the fluid intended for use as the liquid medium through which force is transmitted in the hydraulic brake system of a vehicle operated upon the highways. (d) "Carton" means the package or wrapping in which a number of containers are shipped or stored. (e) "Container" means any receptacle in which a commodity is immediately contained when sold, but does not mean a carton or wrapping in which a number of receptacles are shipped or stored, or a tank car or truck. (f) "Engine coolant" or "antifreeze" means any substance or preparation, regardless of its origin, intended to be diluted before use as the cooling medium in the cooling system of an internal combustion engine to provide protection against freezing, overheating, and corrosion of the cooling system, or any product intended to be diluted before use which is labeled to indicate or imply that it will prevent freezing or overheating of the cooling system of an internal combustion engine. (g) "Label" means all written, printed, or graphic representations, in any form whatsoever, imprinted upon or affixed to any container or accompanying any product referred to in this chapter. (h) "Prediluted engine coolant" or "prediluted antifreeze" means any substance or preparation, regardless of its origin, intended or labeled for use full strength as the cooling medium or as a top off in the cooling system of an internal combustion engine to provide or supplement protection against freezing, overheating, or corrosion of the cooling system. (i) "Principal display panel" means that part of the label that is designed to most likely be displayed, presented, shown, or examined under normal and customary conditions of display and purchase.


13701. Any material offered for sale or sold as an additive to automatic transmission fluids shall be compatible with the automatic transmission fluid to which it is added, and the resulting mixture shall not fall below the minimum specifications for automatic transmission fluids, as established by the department.


13702. Any words and letters required to be displayed on a container by this chapter shall be in legible type.


Chapter 15. Automotive Products

Article 1. General Provisions

Article 2. Specifications And Labeling

Ca Codes (bpc:13710-13713) Business And Professions Code Section 13710-13713



13710. (a) (1) The department shall establish specifications for engine coolants and antifreeze, and prediluted engine coolants and prediluted antifreeze that promote the public safety in the operation of motor vehicles. (2) In addition to paragraph (1), if the American Society for Testing and Materials adopts standards for recycled engine coolants and antifreeze, the department, on or before January 1, 2002, shall establish specifications for recycled engine coolants and antifreeze, and recycled prediluted engine coolants and antifreeze that promote the public safety in the operation of motor vehicles. (3) The chemical, physical, and performance specifications for engine coolants and antifreeze and prediluted engine coolants and prediluted antifreeze under paragraphs (1) and (2) shall not fall below the minimum specifications, if any, established by the American Society for Testing and Materials. Engine coolant and antifreeze shall not contain, after dilution with 30 percent water and subsequent mixing, visually identifiable suspended matter or sediment. Prediluted engine coolant and prediluted antifreeze shall not contain, after mixing, visually identifiable suspended matter or sediment. (4) For purposes of this subdivision, the department shall adopt testing procedures and shall specify a virgin reference coolant that it finds is recognized as standard in the industry. Alcohol-based coolants and antifreeze, excluding glycols, are not suitable for use in automotive engines and shall not be sold or distributed for automotive use. (b) Any automatic transmission fluid sold without limitation as to type of transmission for which it is intended, shall meet all automotive manufacturers' recommended requirements for transmissions in general use in the state. Automatic transmission fluids that are intended for use only in certain transmissions, as disclosed on the label of its container, shall meet the latest automotive manufacturers' recommended requirements for those transmissions. (c) The department shall establish specifications for brake fluid that promote the public safety in the operation of automotive vehicles. The specifications for brake fluid shall not fall below the minimum specifications established by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration of the United States Department of Transportation. (d) Any manufacturer or packager of any product regulated by this chapter and sold in the state shall provide, upon request to duly authorized representatives of the department, documentation of any claim made upon their products' label.


13711. (a) An engine coolant or antifreeze is mislabeled if any of the following occurs: (1) The container does not bear a label on which is printed the brand name, principal ingredient, intended application of the coolant or antifreeze, name and place of business of the manufacturer, packer, seller, or distributor, and an accurate statement of the quantity of the contents in terms of liquid measure. (2) The container does not bear a chart on the label showing appropriate amounts of engine coolant or antifreeze and water in terms of liquid measure to be used to provide protection from freezing at temperatures to at least 30 degrees below zero Fahrenheit. (3) The container does not bear a statement on the label showing the boiling point of a 50 percent by volume mixture of engine coolant or antifreeze and water in degrees Fahrenheit. (4) The container is one quart or less and does not bear a label on which is printed the words "engine coolant" or "antifreeze" in letters at least 1/8 inch high on the principal display panel. The container is greater than one quart and does not bear a label on which is printed the words "engine coolant" or "antifreeze" in letters at least 1/4 inch high on the principal display panel. (5) The principal ingredient is propylene glycol and the container does not bear a statement on the label not to use an ethylene glycol hydrometer concentration tester for propylene glycol coolants. (6) The container and carton do not bear a lot or batch number on the label identifying the container lot and date of packaging. (b) A prediluted engine coolant or prediluted antifreeze is mislabeled if any of the following occurs: (1) The container does not bear a label on which is printed the brand name, principal ingredient, intended application of the coolant or antifreeze, name and place of business of the manufacturer, packer, seller, or distributor, and an accurate statement of the quantity of the contents in terms of liquid measure. (2) The container does not bear a statement on the label showing the protection from freezing in degrees Fahrenheit. (3) The container does not bear a statement on the label showing the boiling point in degrees Fahrenheit. (4) The container is one quart or less and does not bear a label on which is printed the words "prediluted engine coolant" or "prediluted antifreeze" in letters at least 1/8 inch high on the principal display panel. The container is greater than one quart and does not bear a label on which is printed the words "prediluted engine coolant" or "prediluted antifreeze" in letters at least 1/4 inch high on the principal display panel. (5) The container is one quart or less and does not bear a label on which is printed the words "DO NOT ADD WATER" in letters at least 1/8 inch high. The container is greater than one quart and does not bear a label on which is printed the words "DO NOT ADD WATER" in letters at least 1/4 inch high. (6) The principal ingredient is propylene glycol and the container does not bear a statement on the label not to use an ethylene glycol hydrometer concentration tester for propylene glycol coolants. (7) The container and carton do not bear a lot or batch number on the label identifying the container lot and date of packaging. (c) Automatic transmission fluid shall be deemed to be mislabeled if any of the following occurs: (1) The container does not bear a label on which is printed the brand name, the name and place of business of the manufacturer, packer, seller, or distributor, the words "Automatic Transmission Fluid," and the duty type classification. (2) The container does not bear a label on which is printed an accurate statement of the quantity of the contents in terms of liquid measure. (3) The labeling on the container is false or misleading. (d) Brake fluid is mislabeled if any of the following occurs: (1) The container does not bear a label which conforms to the requirements of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, United States Department of Transportation, and upon which is printed the brand name. (2) The container does not bear an accurate statement on the label of the quantity of the contents in terms of liquid measure. (3) The labeling on the container is false or misleading.


13712. A brake fluid receptacle or dispensing device, including "bleeders," pressurized containers, or any container used to fill a brake system or to expel air from the system after servicing, are exempt from the container labeling requirements in this chapter except for designation of the contents as "DOT____Motor Vehicle Brake Fluid" with the appropriate identification number filled in. The smallest letter and numeral shall not be less than one-eighth inch in height.

13713. Any product referred to in this chapter is adulterated if its characteristics fall below the specifications for that product established by the department as minimum standards.


Article 3. Container Requirements

Ca Codes (bpc:13720) Business And Professions Code Section 13720



13720. Each brake fluid container with a capacity of six fluid ounces or more shall be provided with a resealable closure that has an inner seal impervious to the packaged brake fluid. The container closure shall include a tamper-proof feature that will either be destroyed or substantially altered when the container closure is initially opened.


Article 4. Enforcement Of The Chapter

Ca Codes (bpc:13730-13731) Business And Professions Code Section 13730-13731



13730. The department and each county sealer shall enforce the provisions of this chapter, and may sample, inspect, analyze, and test any product referred to in this chapter manufactured, packed, stored, sold, or distributed within this state. The department, through its agents, has free access by all legal means during business hours to all premises, buildings, vehicles, cars, and vessels used in the manufacture, packing, storage, sale, or transportation of, and may, by legal means, open any box, carton, parcel, or container of, any product referred to in this chapter and take therefrom samples for analysis or for evidence.


13731. The department and each county sealer is authorized to order off-sale any product referred to in this chapter which is adulterated or mislabeled. The off-sale order shall be given in writing to the retail seller and the distributor or manufacturer of the product.


Article 5. Unlawful Acts

Ca Codes (bpc:13740-13741) Business And Professions Code Section 13740-13741



13740. It is unlawful to sell or distribute any product referred to in this chapter which is adulterated or mislabeled.


13741. It is unlawful for any person or other legal entity to make any deceptive, false, or misleading statement by any means whatever regarding quality, quantity, performance, price, discount, or saving in the sale or selling of any commodity regulated pursuant to this chapter.


Chapter 16. Rental Vehicles

Ca Codes (bpc:13800) Business And Professions Code Section 13800



13800. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of this division, a rental vehicle's fuel gauge installed by the vehicle's manufacturer may be used in a rental transaction by a rental company to calculate an optional charge for fueling when any of the following occurs: (1) The customer could have avoided incurring the charge by returning the rental vehicle with the same amount of fuel as was in the fuel tank at the commencement of the rental. (2) The customer chose to purchase the amount of fuel inside the fuel tank at the commencement of the rental. (b) Nothing in this section shall be interpreted to preclude a rental company from offering additional fueling options to customers besides those described in subdivision (a).


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