Law:Division 5. Safety In Employment (California)

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Contents

Part 1. Occupational Safety And Health

Chapter 1. Jurisdiction And Duties

Ca Codes (lab:6300-6332) Labor Code Section 6300-6332



6300. The California Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1973 is hereby enacted for the purpose of assuring safe and healthful working conditions for all California working men and women by authorizing the enforcement of effective standards, assisting and encouraging employers to maintain safe and healthful working conditions, and by providing for research, information, education, training, and enforcement in the field of occupational safety and health.


6301. The definitions set forth in this chapter shall govern the construction and interpretation of this part.


6302. As used in this division: (a) "Director" means the Director of Industrial Relations. (b) "Department" means the Department of Industrial Relations. (c) "Insurer" includes the State Compensation Insurance Fund and any private company, corporation, mutual association, and reciprocal or interinsurance exchange, authorized under the laws of this state to insure employers against liability for compensation under this part and under Division 4 (commencing with Section 3201), and any employer to whom a certificate of consent to self-insure has been issued. (d) "Division" means the Division of Occupational Safety and Health. (e) "Standards board" means the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board, within the department. (f) "Appeals board" means the Occupational Safety and Health Appeals Board, within the department. (g) "Aquaculture" means a form of agriculture as defined in Section 17 of the Fish and Game Code. (h) "Serious injury or illness" means any injury or illness occurring in a place of employment or in connection with any employment which requires inpatient hospitalization for a period in excess of 24 hours for other than medical observation or in which an employee suffers a loss of any member of the body or suffers any serious degree of permanent disfigurement, but does not include any injury or illness or death caused by the commission of a Penal Code violation, except the violation of Section 385 of the Penal Code, or an accident on a public street or highway. (i) "Serious exposure" means any exposure of an employee to a hazardous substance when the exposure occurs as a result of an incident, accident, emergency, or exposure over time and is in a degree or amount sufficient to create a substantial probability that death or serious physical harm in the future could result from the exposure.


6303. (a) "Place of employment" means any place, and the premises appurtenant thereto, where employment is carried on, except a place where the health and safety jurisdiction is vested by law in, and actively exercised by, any state or federal agency other than the division. (b) "Employment" includes the carrying on of any trade, enterprise, project, industry, business, occupation, or work, including all excavation, demolition, and construction work, or any process or operation in any way related thereto, in which any person is engaged or permitted to work for hire, except household domestic service. (c) "Employment," for purposes of this division only, also includes volunteer firefighting when covered by Division 4 (commencing with Section 3200) pursuant to Section 3361. (d) Subdivision (c) shall become operative on January 1, 2004.


6303.5. Nothing in this division shall be construed to limit the jurisdiction of the state over any employmment or place of employment by reason of the exercise of occupational safety and health jurisdiction by any federal agency if federal jurisdiction is being exercised under a federal law which expressly authorizes concurrent state jurisdiction over occupational safety or health issues.


6304. "Employer" shall have the same meaning as in Section 3300.


6304.1. (a) "Employee" means every person who is required or directed by any employer to engage in any employment or to go to work or be at any time in any place of employment. (b) "Employee" also includes volunteer firefighters covered by Division 4 (commencing with Section 3200) pursuant to Section 3361. (c) Subdivision (b) shall become operative on January 1, 2004. (d) This act does not affect claims that arose pursuant to Division 5 of this code between January 1, 2002, and the effective date of this act.


6304.2. Notwithstanding Section 6413, and except as provided in Sections 6304. 3 and 6304.4, any state prisoner engaged in correctional industry, as defined by the Department of Corrections, shall be deemed to be an "employee," and the Department of Corrections shall be deemed to be an "employer," with regard to such prisoners for the purposes of this part.


6304.3. (a) A Correctional Industry Safety Committee shall be established in accordance with Department of Corrections administrative procedures at each facility maintaining a correctional industry, as defined by the Department of Corrections. The Division of Occupational Safety and Health shall promulgate, and the Department of Corrections shall implement, regulations concerning the duties and functions which shall govern the operation of each such committee. (b) All complaints alleging unsafe or unhealthy working conditions in a correctional industry shall initially be directed to the Correctional Industry Safety Committee of the facility prison. The committee shall attempt to resolve all complaints. If a complaint is not resolved by the committee within 15 calendar days, the complaint shall be referred by the committee to the division where it shall be reviewed. When the division receives a complaint which, in its determination, constitutes a bona fide allegation of a safety or health violation, the division shall summarily investigate the same as soon as possible, but not later than three working days after receipt of a complaint charging a serious violation, as defined in Section 6309, and not later than 14 calendar days after receipt of a complaint charging a nonserious violation. (c) Except as provided in subdivision (b) and in Section 6313, the inspection or investigation of a facility maintaining a correctional industry, as defined by the Department of Corrections, shall be discretionary with the division. (d) Notwithstanding Section 6321, the division may give advance notice of an inspection or investigation and may postpone the same if such action is necessary for the maintenance of security at the facility where the inspection or investigation is to be held, or for insuring the safety and health of the division's representative who will be conducting such inspection or investigation.


6304.4. A prisoner engaged in correctional industry, as defined by the Department of Corrections, shall not be considered an employee for purposes of the provisions relating to appeal proceedings set forth in Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 6600).


6304.5. It is the intent of the Legislature that the provisions of this division, and the occupational safety and health standards and orders promulgated under this code, are applicable to proceedings against employers for the exclusive purpose of maintaining and enforcing employee safety. Neither the issuance of, or failure to issue, a citation by the division shall have any application to, nor be considered in, nor be admissible into, evidence in any personal injury or wrongful death action, except as between an employee and his or her own employer. Sections 452 and 669 of the Evidence Code shall apply to this division and to occupational safety and health standards adopted under this division in the same manner as any other statute, ordinance, or regulation. The testimony of employees of the division shall not be admissible as expert opinion or with respect to the application of occupational safety and health standards. It is the intent of the Legislature that the amendments to this section enacted in the 1999-2000 Regular Session shall not abrogate the holding in Brock v. State of California (1978) 8l Cal.App.3d 752.


6305. (a) "Occupational safety and health standards and orders" means standards and orders adopted by the standards board pursuant to Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 140) of Division 1 and general orders heretofore adopted by the Industrial Safety Board or the Industrial Accident Commission. (b) "Special order" means any order written by the chief or the chief's authorized representative to correct an unsafe condition, device, or place of employment which poses a threat to the health or safety of an employee and which cannot be made safe under existing standards or orders of the standards board. These orders shall have the same effect as any other standard or order of the standards board, but shall apply only to the employment or place of employment described in the written order of the chief's authorized representative.


6306. (a) "Safe," "safety," and "health" as applied to an employment or a place of employment mean such freedom from danger to the life, safety, or health of employees as the nature of the employment reasonably permits. (b) "Safety device" and "safeguard" shall be given a broad interpretation so as to include any practicable method of mitigating or preventing a specific danger, including the danger of exposure to potentially injurious levels of ionizing radiation or potentially injurious quantities of radioactive materials.


6307. The division has the power, jurisdiction, and supervision over every employment and place of employment in this state, which is necessary adequately to enforce and administer all laws and lawful standards and orders, or special orders requiring such employment and place of employment to be safe, and requiring the protection of the life, safety, and health of every employee in such employment or place of employment.


6307.1. The State Department of Health Services shall assist the division in the enforcement of Section 25910 of the Health and Safety Code in the manner prescribed by a written agreement between the State Department of Health Services and the Department of Industrial Relations, pursuant to Section 144.


6308. The division, in enforcing occupational safety and health standards and orders and special orders may do any of the following: (a) Declare and prescribe what safety devices, safeguards, or other means or methods of protection are well adapted to render the employees of every employment and place of employment safe as required by law or lawful order. (b) Enforce Section 25910 of the Health and Safety Code and standards and orders adopted by the standards board pursuant to Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 140) of Division 1 of the Labor Code, for the installation, use, maintenance, and operation of reasonable uniform safety devices, safeguards, and other means or methods of protection, which are necessary to carry out all laws and lawful standards or special orders relative to the protection of the life and safety of employees in employments and places of employment. (c) Require the performance of any other act which the protection of the life and safety of the employees in employments and places of employment reasonably demands. An employer may request a hearing on a special order or action ordered pursuant to this section, at which the employer, owner, or any other person may appear. The appeals board shall conduct the hearing at the earliest possible time. All orders, rules, regulations, findings, and decisions of the division made or entered under this part, except special orders and action orders, may be reviewed by the Supreme Court and the courts of appeal as may be provided by law.


6308.5. Hearings conducted by the division pursuant to this part shall give any affected employer or other affected person the opportunity to submit facts or arguments, but may be conducted informally, either orally or in writing.

6309. If the division learns or has reason to believe that an employment or place of employment is not safe or is injurious to the welfare of an employee, it may, on its own motion, or upon complaint, summarily investigate the same with or without notice or hearings. However, if the division receives a complaint from an employee, an employee's representative, including, but not limited to, an attorney, health or safety professional, union representative, or government agency representative, or an employer of an employee directly involved in an unsafe place of employment, that his or her employment or place of employment is not safe, it shall, with or without notice or hearing, summarily investigate the complaint as soon as possible, but not later than three working days after receipt of a complaint charging a serious violation, and not later than 14 calendar days after receipt of a complaint charging a nonserious violation. The division shall attempt to determine the period of time in the future that the complainant believes the unsafe condition may continue to exist, and shall allocate inspection resources so as to respond first to those situations in which time is of the essence. For purposes of this section, a complaint is deemed to allege a serious violation if the division determines that the complaint charges that there is a substantial probability that death or serious physical harm could result from a condition which exists, or from one or more practices, means, methods, operations, or processes which have been adopted or are in use in a place of employment. When a complaint charging a serious violation is received from a state or local prosecutor, or a local law enforcement agency, the division shall summarily investigate the employment or place of employment within 24 hours of receipt of the complaint. All other complaints are deemed to allege nonserious violations. The division may enter and serve any necessary order relative thereto. The division is not required to respond to a complaint within this period where, from the facts stated in the complaint, it determines that the complaint is intended to willfully harass an employer or is without any reasonable basis. The division shall keep complete and accurate records of all complaints, whether verbal or written, and shall inform the complainant, whenever his or her identity is known, of any action taken by the division in regard to the subject matter of the complaint, and the reasons for the action, within 14 calendar days of taking any action. The records of the division shall include the dates on which any action was taken on the complaint, or the reasons for not taking any action on the complaint. The division shall, pursuant to authorized regulations, conduct an informal review of any refusal by a representative of the division to issue a citation with respect to an alleged violation. The division shall furnish the employee or the representative of employees requesting the review a written statement of the reasons for the division's final disposition of the case. The name of a person who submits to the division a complaint regarding the unsafe condition of an employment or place of employment shall be kept confidential by the division, unless that person requests otherwise. The division shall annually compile and release on its Web site data pertaining to complaints received and citations issued. The requirements of this section do not relieve the division of its requirement to inspect and assure that all places of employment are safe and healthful for employees. The division shall maintain the capability to receive and act upon complaints at all times.


6310. (a) No person shall discharge or in any manner discriminate against any employee because the employee has done any of the following: (1) Made any oral or written complaint to the division, other governmental agencies having statutory responsibility for or assisting the division with reference to employee safety or health, his or her employer, or his or her representative. (2) Instituted or caused to be instituted any proceeding under or relating to his or her rights or has testified or is about to testify in the proceeding or because of the exercise by the employee on behalf of himself, herself, or others of any rights afforded him or her. (3) Participated in an occupational health and safety committee established pursuant to Section 6401.7. (b) Any employee who is discharged, threatened with discharge, demoted, suspended, or in any other manner discriminated against in the terms and conditions of employment by his or her employer because the employee has made a bona fide oral or written complaint to the division, other governmental agencies having statutory responsibility for or assisting the division with reference to employee safety or health, his or her employer, or his or her representative, of unsafe working conditions, or work practices, in his or her employment or place of employment, or has participated in an employer-employee occupational health and safety committee, shall be entitled to reinstatement and reimbursement for lost wages and work benefits caused by the acts of the employer. Any employer who willfully refuses to rehire, promote, or otherwise restore an employee or former employee who has been determined to be eligible for rehiring or promotion by a grievance procedure, arbitration, or hearing authorized by law, is guilty of a misdemeanor.


6311. No employee shall be laid off or discharged for refusing to perform work in the performance of which this code, including Section 6400, any occupational safety or health standard or any safety order of the division or standards board will be violated, where the violation would create a real and apparent hazard to the employee or his or her fellow employees. Any employee who is laid off or discharged in violation of this section or is otherwise not paid because he or she refused to perform work in the performance of which this code, any occupational safety or health standard or any safety order of the division or standards board will be violated and where the violation would create a real and apparent hazard to the employee or his or her fellow employees shall have a right of action for wages for the time the employee is without work as a result of the layoff or discharge.


6312. Any employee who believes that he or she has been discharged or otherwise discriminated against by any person in violation of Section 6310 or 6311 may file a complaint with the Labor Commissioner pursuant to Section 98.7.

6313. (a) The division shall investigate the causes of any employment accident that is fatal to one or more employees or that results in a serious injury or illness, or a serious exposure, unless it determines that an investigation is unnecessary. If the division determines that an investigation of an accident is unnecessary, it shall summarize the facts indicating that the accident need not be investigated and the means by which the facts were determined. The division shall establish guidelines for determining the circumstances under which an investigation of these accidents and exposures is unnecessary. (b) The division may investigate the causes of any other industrial accident or occupational illness which occurs within the state in any employment or place of employment, or which directly or indirectly arises from or is connected with the maintenance or operation of the employment or place of employment, and shall issue any orders necessary to eliminate the causes and to prevent reoccurrence. The orders may not be admitted as evidence in any action for damages, or any proceeding to recover compensation, based on or arising out of injury or death caused by the accident or illness.


6313.5. The division shall transmit to the Registrar of Contractors copies of any reports made in any investigation conducted pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 6313, and may, upon its own motion or at the request of the Registrar of Contractors, transmit copies of any other reports made in any investigation conducted pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 6313 involving a contractor licensed pursuant to the Contractors License Law (Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 7000) of Divison 3 of the Business and Professions Code).


6314. (a) To make an investigation or inspection, the chief of the division and all qualified divisional inspectors and investigators authorized by him or her shall, upon presenting appropriate credentials to the employer, have free access to any place of employment to investigate and inspect during regular working hours, and at other reasonable times when necessary for the protection of safety and health, and within reasonable limits and in a reasonable manner. The chief or his or her authorized representative may, during the course of any investigation or inspection, obtain any statistics, information, or any physical materials in the possession of the employer that are directly related to the purpose of the investigation or inspection, conduct any tests necessary to the investigation or inspection, and take photographs. Photographs taken by the division during the course of any investigation or inspection shall be considered to be confidential information pursuant to the provisions of Section 6322, and shall not be deemed to be public records for purposes of the California Public Records Act. (b) If permission to investigate or inspect the place of employment is refused, or the facts or circumstances reasonably justify the failure to seek permission, the chief or his or her authorized representative may obtain an inspection warrant pursuant to the provisions of Title 13 (commencing with Section 1822.50) of the Code of Civil Procedure. Cause for the issuance of a warrant shall be deemed to exist if there has been an industrial accident, injury, or illness reported, if any complaint that violations of occupational safety and health standards exist at the place of employment has been received by the division, or if the place of employment to be inspected has been chosen on the basis of specific neutral criteria contained in a general administrative plan for the enforcement of this division. (c) The chief and his or her authorized representatives may issue subpoenas to compel the attendance of witnesses and the production of books, papers, records, and physical materials, administer oaths, examine witnesses under oath, take verification or proof of written materials, and take depositions and affidavits for the purpose of carrying out the duties of the division. (d) In the course of any investigation or inspection of an employer or place of employment by an authorized representative of the division, a representative of the employer and a representative authorized by his or her employees shall have an opportunity to accompany him or her on the tour of inspection. Any employee or employer, or their authorized representatives, shall have the right to discuss safety and health violations or safety and health problems with the inspector privately during the course of an investigation or inspection. Where there is no authorized employee representative, the chief or his or her authorized representatives shall consult with a reasonable number of employees concerning matters of health and safety of the place of employment. (e) During any investigation of an industrial accident or occupational illness conducted by the division pursuant to the provisions of Section 6313, the chief or his or her authorized representative may issue an order to preserve physical materials or the accident site as they were at the time the accident or illness occurred if, in the opinion of the division, it is necessary to do so in order to determine the cause or causes of the accident or illness, and the evidence is in potential danger of being removed, altered, or tampered with. Under these circumstances, the division shall issue that order in a manner that will avoid, to the extent possible, any interference with normal business operations. A conspicuous notice that an order has been issued shall be prepared by the division and shall be posted by the employer in the area or on the article to be preserved. The order shall be limited to the immediate area and the machines, devices, apparatus, or equipment directly associated with the accident or illness. Any person who knowingly violates an order issued by the division pursuant to this subdivision shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not more than five thousand dollars ($5,000).


6314.1. (a) The division shall establish a program for targeting employers in high hazardous industries with the highest incidence of preventable occupational injuries and illnesses and workers' compensation losses. The employers shall be identified from any or all of the following data sources: the California Work Injury and Illness program, the Occupational Injuries and Illness Survey, the federal hazardous employers' list, experience modification and other relevant data maintained and furnished by all rating organizations as defined in Section 11750.1 of the Insurance Code, histories of violations of Occupational Safety and Health Act standards, and any other source deemed to be appropriate that identifies injury and illness rates. (b) The division shall establish procedures for ensuring that the highest hazardous employers in the most hazardous industries are inspected on a priority basis. The division may send a letter to the high hazard employers who are identified pursuant to this section informing them of their status and directing them to submit a plan, including the establishment of joint labor-management health and safety committees, within a time determined by the division for reducing their occupational injury and illness rates. Employers who submit plans that meet the requirements of the division may be placed on a secondary inspection schedule. Employers on that schedule shall be inspected on a random basis as determined by the division. Employers who do not submit plans meeting the requirements of the division within the time specified by the division shall be placed on the primary inspection list. Every employer on the primary inspection list shall be subject to an inspection. The division shall employ sufficient personnel to meet minimum federal targeted inspection standards. (c) The division shall establish and maintain regional plans for allocating the division's resources for the targeted inspection program in addition to the inspections required or authorized in Sections 6309, 6313, and 6320. Each regional plan shall focus on industries selected from the targeted inspection program as well as any other scheduled inspections that the division determines to be appropriate to the region, including the cleanup of hazardous waste sites. All targeted inspections shall be conducted on a priority basis, targeting the worst employers first. (d) In order to maximize the impact of the regional plans, the division shall coordinate its education, training, and consulting services with the priorities established in the regional plans.


6314.5. (a) Every inspection conducted by the division shall include an evaluation of the employer's injury prevention program established pursuant to Section 6401.7. The division shall evaluate injury prevention programs using the criteria for substantial compliance determined by the standards board. The evaluation shall include interviews with a sample of employees and the members of any employer-employee occupational safety and health committee. In any inspection which includes work for which a permit is required pursuant to Section 6500 and for which a permit has been issued pursuant to Section 6502, the evaluation of the employer's injury prevention program shall be limited to the implementation of the plan approved by the division in the issuance of the permit. Before any inspection is concluded, the division shall notify the employer of the services available from the department to assist the employer to establish, maintain, improve, and evaluate the employer's injury prevention program. (b) Inspections also shall include an evaluation of the following: (1) The condition or conditions alleged in the complaint if the inspection is conducted pursuant to Section 6309. (2) The condition or conditions involved in the accident if the inspection is conducted pursuant to Section 6313. (3) The condition or conditions involving work for which a permit is required pursuant to Section 6500, for which notification of asbestos related work is required pursuant to Section 6501.5, or for which a report of use of a carcinogen is required pursuant to Section 9030. (4) The condition or conditions related to significant safety or health hazards in the industries identified in the regional plans developed pursuant to Section 6314.1. (5) The condition or conditions involved in abatement of previous violations, special orders, or action orders if the inspection is conducted pursuant to Section 6320. (c) The scope of any inspection may be expanded beyond the evaluations specified in subdivisions (a) and (b) whenever, in the opinion of the division, a more complete inspection is warranted.


6315. (a) There is within the division a Bureau of Investigations. The bureau is responsible for directing accident investigations involving violations of standards, orders, special orders, or Section 25910 of the Health and Safety Code, in which there is a serious injury to five or more employees, death, or request for prosecution by a division representative. The bureau shall review inspection reports involving a serious violation where there have been serious injuries to one to four employees or a serious exposure, and may investigate those cases in which the bureau finds criminal violations may have occurred. The bureau is responsible for preparing cases for the purpose of prosecution, including evidence and findings. (b) The division shall provide the bureau with all of the following: (1) All initial accident reports. (2) The division's inspection report for any inspection involving a serious violation where there is a fatality, and the reports necessary for the bureau's review required pursuant to subdivision (a). (3) Any other documents in the possession of the division requested by the bureau for its review or investigation of any case or which the division determines will be helpful to the bureau in its investigation of the case. (c) The supervisor of the bureau is the administrative chief of the bureau, and shall be an attorney. (d) The bureau shall be staffed by as many attorneys and investigators as are necessary to carry out the purposes of this chapter. To the extent possible, the attorneys and investigators shall be experienced in criminal law. (e) The supervisor of the bureau and bureau representatives designated by the supervisor have a right of access to all places of employment necessary to the investigation, may collect any evidence or samples they deem necessary to an investigation, and have all of the powers enumerated in Section 6314. (f) The supervisor of the bureau and bureau representatives designated by the supervisor may serve all processes and notices throughout the state. (g) In any case where the bureau is required to conduct an investigation, and in which there is a serious injury or death, the results of the investigation shall be referred in a timely manner by the bureau to the appropriate prosecuting authority having jurisdiction for appropriate action, unless the bureau determines that there is legally insufficient evidence of a violation of the law. If the bureau determines that there is legally insufficient evidence of a violation of the law, the bureau shall notify the appropriate prosecuting authority, if the prosecuting authority requests notice. (h) The bureau may communicate with the appropriate prosecuting authority at any time the bureau deems appropriate. (i) Upon the request of a county district attorney, the department may develop a protocol for the referral of cases that may involve criminal conduct to the appropriate prosecuting authority in lieu of or in cooperation with an investigation by the bureau. The protocol shall provide for the voluntary acceptance of referrals after a review of the case by the prosecuting authority. In cases accepted for investigation by the prosecuting authority, the protocol shall provide for cooperation between the prosecuting authority, the division, and the bureau. Where a referral is declined by the prosecuting authority, the bureau shall comply with subdivisions (a) to (h), inclusive.


6315.3. The bureau shall, not later than February 15, annually submit to the division for submission to the director a report on the activities of the bureau, including, but not limited to, the following: (a) Totals of each type of report provided the bureau under each category in subdivision (b) of Section 6315. (b) Totals of each type of case reflecting the number of investigations and court cases in progress at the start of the calendar year being reported, investigations completed in the calendar year, cases referred to appropriate prosecuting authorities in the calendar year, and investigations and court cases in progress at the end of the calendar year. The types of cases shall include the following: (1) Those that the bureau is required to investigate, divided into fatalities, serious injuries to five or more employees, and requests for prosecution from a division representative. (2) Those that were initiated by the bureau following the review required in subdivision (a) of Section 6315, divided into serious injuries to fewer than five employees and serious exposures. (c) A summary of the dispositions in the calendar year of cases referred by the bureau to appropriate prosecuting authorities. The summary shall be divided into the types of cases, as described in subdivision (b), and shall show at least the violation, the statute for which the case was referred for prosecution, and the dates of referral to the bureau for investigation, referral from the bureau for prosecution, and the final court action if the case was prosecuted. (d) A summary of investigations completed in the calendar year that did not result in a referral for prosecution, divided into the types of cases as described in subdivision (b), showing the violation and the reasons for nonreferral. (e) A summary of the use of the bureau's resources in accomplishing the bureau's mission.

6315.5. All occupational safety and health standards and orders, rules, regulations, findings, and decisions of the division made and entered pursuant to this part are admissible as evidence in any prosecution for the violation of any provision of this part, and shall, in every such prosecution, be presumed to be reasonable and lawful and to fix a reasonable and proper standard and requirement of safety unless, prior to the institution of the prosecution for such violation, proceedings for a hearing on a special order are instituted, or a petition is filed under Section 11426 of the Government Code.

6316. Except as limited by Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 140) of Division 1, nothing in this part shall deprive the governing body of any county, city, or public corporation, board, or department, of any power or jurisdiction over or relative to any place of employment.


6317. If, upon inspection or investigation, the division believes that an employer has violated Section 25910 of the Health and Safety Code or any standard, rule, order, or regulation established pursuant to Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 140) of Division 1 of the Labor Code, or any standard, rule, order, or regulation established pursuant to this part, it shall with reasonable promptness issue a citation to the employer. Each citation shall be in writing and shall describe with particularity the nature of the violation, including a reference to the provision of the code, standard, rule, regulation, or order alleged to have been violated. In addition, the citation shall fix a reasonable time for the abatement of the alleged violation. The period specified for abatement shall not commence running until the date the citation or notice is received by certified mail and the certified mail receipt is signed, or if not signed, the date the return is made to the post office. If the division officially and directly delivers the citation or notice to the employer, the period specified for abatement shall commence running on the date of the delivery. A "notice" in lieu of citation may be issued with respect to violations found in an inspection or investigation which meet either of the following requirements: (1) The violations do not have a direct relationship upon the health or safety of an employee. (2) The violations do not have an immediate relationship to the health or safety of an employee, and are of a general or regulatory nature. A notice in lieu of a citation may be issued only if the employer agrees to correct the violations within a reasonable time, as specified by the division, and agrees not to appeal the finding of the division that the violations exist. A notice issued pursuant to this paragraph shall have the same effect as a citation for purposes of establishing repeat violations or a failure to abate. Every notice shall clearly state the abatement period specified by the division, that the notice may not be appealed, and that the notice has the same effect as a citation for purposes of establishing a repeated violation or a failure to abate. The employer shall indicate agreement to the provisions and conditions of the notice by his or her signature on the notice. Under no circumstances shall a notice be issued in lieu of a citation if the violations are serious, repeated, willful, or arise from a failure to abate. The director shall prescribe guidelines for the issuance of these notices. The division may impose a civil penalty against an employer as specified in Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 6423) of this part. A notice in lieu of a citation may not be issued if the number of first instance violations found in the inspection (other than serious, willful, or repeated violations) is 10 or more violations. No citation or notice shall be issued by the division for a given violation or violations after six months have elapsed since occurrence of the violation. The director shall prescribe procedures for the issuance of a citation or notice. The division shall prepare and maintain records capable of supplying an inspector with previous citations and notices issued to an employer.

6317.5. (a) If, upon inspection or investigation, the division finds that an employer has falsified any materials posted in the workplace or distributed to employees related to the California Occupational Safety and Health Act, the division shall issue a citation to the employer. (b) Each citation issued pursuant to this section, or a copy or copies thereof, shall be prominently posted, as prescribed in regulations issued by the director. (c) Any employer served with a citation pursuant to subdivision (a) may appeal to the appeals board pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 6600). The appeal shall be subject to the timeframes and procedures set forth in that chapter. (d) The provisions of this section are in addition to, and not in lieu of, all other criminal penalties and civil remedies that may be applicable to any act leading to issuance of a citation pursuant to this section.

6317.7. If, upon inspection or investigation, the division finds no violations pursuant to this chapter, the division with reasonable promptness shall issue a written notice to the employer specifying the areas inspected and stating that no violations were found. The director shall prescribe procedures for the issuance of this notice.


6318. (a) Each citation issued under Section 6317, and each special order or action ordered pursuant to Section 6308, or a copy or copies thereof, shall be prominently posted, as prescribed in regulations issued by the director, at or near each place a violation referred to in the citation or order occurred. All postings shall be maintained for three working days, or until the unsafe condition is abated, whichever is longer. Following each investigation of an industrial accident or occupational illness, if no violations are found, the employer shall post a notice prepared by the division so indicating for three working days. (b) When the division verifies abatement of a serious violation or an order at the time of inspection or upon reinspection, the employer shall post a notice prepared by the division so indicating for three working days. In all other cases of abatement of serious violations, the employer shall post the signed statement confirming abatement prepared pursuant to Section 6320.


6319. (a) If, after an inspection or investigation, the division issues a citation pursuant to Section 6317 or an order pursuant to Section 6308, it shall, within a reasonable time after the termination of the inspection or investigation, notify the employer by certified mail of the citation or order, and that the employer has 15 working days from receipt of the notice within which to notify the appeals board that he or she wishes to contest the citation or order for any reason set forth in Section 6600 or 6600.5. (b) Any employer served by certified mail with a notice of civil penalty may appeal to the appeals board within 15 working days from receipt of that notice for any reason set forth in Section 6600. If the citation is issued for a violation involving the condition or operation of any machine, device, apparatus, or equipment, and a person other than the employer is obligated to the employer to repair the machine, device, apparatus, or equipment and to pay any penalties assessed against the employer, the other person may appeal to the appeals board within 15 working days of the receipt of the citation by the employer for any reasons set forth in Section 6600. (c) The director shall promulgate regulations covering the assessment of civil penalties under this chapter which give due consideration to the appropriateness of the penalty with respect to the following factors: (1) The size of the business of the employer being charged. (2) The gravity of the violation. (3) The good faith of the employer, including timely abatement. (4) The history of previous violations. (d) Notwithstanding subdivision (c), if serious injury, illness, exposure, or death is caused by any serious, willful, or repeated violation, or by any failure to correct a serious violation within the time permitted for its correction, the penalty shall not be reduced for any reason other than the size of the business of the employer being charged. Whenever the division issues a citation for a violation covered by this subdivision, it shall notify the employer of its determination that serious injury, illness, exposure or death was caused by the violation and shall, upon request, provide the employer with a copy of the inspection report. (e) The employer shall not be liable for a civil penalty under this part for any citation issued by a division representative providing consulting services pursuant to Sections 6354 and 6355. (f) Whenever a citation of a self-insured employer for a willful, or repeat serious violation of the standard adopted pursuant to Section 6401.7 becomes final, the division shall notify the director so that a hearing may be held to determine whether good cause exists to revoke the employer's certificate of consent to self-insure as provided in Section 3702. (g) Based upon the evidence, the division may propose appropriate modifications concerning the characterization of violations and corresponding modifications to civil penalties as a result thereof.


6319.3. (a) Except as provided in subdivision (b) of this section and subdivision (j) of Section 6401.7, no civil penalty shall be assessed against any new employer in the state for a violation of any standard developed pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 6401.7 for a period of one year after the date the new employer establishes a business in the state. (b) Subdivision (a) shall only apply to an employer who has made a good faith effort to comply with any standard developed pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 6401.7, but shall not apply if the employer is found to have committed a serious, willful, or repeated violation of that standard, or fails to abate the violation and is assessed a penalty pursuant to Section 6430.


6319.5. Upon a showing by an employer of a good-faith effort to comply with the abatement requirement of a citation, and that abatement has not been completed because of factors beyond his reasonable control, the division, after an opportunity for a hearing, shall issue an order affirming or modifying the abatement requirements in such citation.


6320. (a) If, after inspection or investigation, the division issues a special order, order to take special action, or a citation for a serious violation, and if at the time of inspection the order is not complied with or the violation is not abated, the division shall conduct a reinspection in the following cases: (1) All inspections or investigations involving a serious violation of a standard adopted pursuant to Section 6401.7, a special order or order to take special action, serious violations of those orders, and serious violations characterized as repeat or willful or with abatement periods of less than six days. These reinspections shall be conducted at the end of the period fixed for compliance with the order or abatement of the violation or within 30 days thereafter. (2) At least 20 percent of the inspections or investigations involving a serious violation not otherwise scheduled for reinspection. These inspections shall be randomly selected and shall be conducted at the end of the period fixed for abatement of the violation or within a reasonable time thereafter. (b) Whenever a serious violation is not abated at the time of the initial or subsequent inspection, the division shall require the employer to submit a signed statement under penalty of perjury that he or she has complied with the abatement terms within the period fixed for abatement of the violation. If the statement is not received by the division within 10 working days after the end of the period fixed for abatement, the division shall revoke any adjustments to the civil penalty based on abatement of the violation. The division shall include on the initial notice of civil penalty a clear warning of reinspection and automatic revocation of any civil penalty adjustments based on abatement for failure to submit the required statement in the time allotted, and of an additional, potentially substantial monetary penalty for failure to abate the violation. If the division fails to receive evidence of abatement or the statement within 10 working days after the end of the abatement period, the division shall notify the employer that the additional civil penalty for failure to abate, as provided in Section 6430, will be assessed retroactive to the end of the abatement period unless the employer can provide sufficient evidence that the violation was abated prior to that date. The division shall conduct a reinspection of serious violations within 45 days following the end of the abatement period whenever it still has no evidence of abatement.


6321. No person or employer shall be given advance warning of an inspection or investigation by any authorized representative of the division unless authorized under provisions of this part. Only the chief or, in the case of his absence, his authorized representatives shall have the authority to permit advance notice of an inspection or investigation. The director shall, as soon as practicable, set down limitations under which an employer may be granted advance notice by the chief. In no case, except an imminent danger to the health or safety of an employee or employees, is advance notice to be authorized when the investigation or inspection is to be made as a result of an employee complaint. Any person who gives advance notice of any inspection to be conducted, without authority from the chief or his designees, is guilty of a misdemeanor and shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000) or by imprisonment for not more than six months, or by both.


6322. All information reported to or otherwise obtained by the chief or his representatives in connection with any inspection or proceeding of the division which contains or which might reveal a trade secret referred to in Section 1905 of Title 18 of the United States Code, or other information that is confidential pursuant to Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 6250) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code, shall be considered confidential, except that such information may be disclosed to other officers or employees of the division concerned with carrying out the purposes of the division or when relevant in any proceeding of the division. The appeals board, standards board, the courts, or the director shall in any such proceeding issue such orders as may be appropriate to protect the confidentiality of trade secrets. Violation of this section is a misdemeanor.


6323. If the condition of any employment or place of employment or the operation of any machine, device, apparatus, or equipment constitutes a serious menace to the lives or safety of persons about it, the division may apply to the superior court of the county in which such place of employment, machine, device, apparatus, or equipment is situated, for an injunction restraining the use or operation thereof until such condition is corrected.


6324. The application to the superior court accompanied by affidavit showing that such place of employment, machine, device, apparatus, or equipment is being operated in violation of a safety order or standard, or in violation of Section 25910 of the Health and Safety Code, and that such use or operation constitutes a menace to the life or safety of any person employed thereabout and accompanied by a copy of the order or standard applicable thereto is a sufficient prima facie showing to warrant, in the discretion of the court, the immediate granting of a temporary restraining order. No bond shall be required from the division as a prerequisite to the granting of any restraining order.

6325. When, in the opinion of the division, a place of employment, machine, device, apparatus, or equipment or any part thereof is in a dangerous condition, is not properly guarded or is dangerously placed so as to constitute an imminent hazard to employees, entry therein, or the use thereof, as the case may be, shall be prohibited by the division, and a conspicuous notice to that effect shall be attached thereto. Such prohibition of use shall be limited to the immediate area in which the imminent hazard exists, and the division shall not prohibit any entry in or use of a place of employment, machine, device, apparatus, or equipment, or any part thereof, which is outside such area of imminent hazard. Such notice shall not be removed except by an authorized representative of the division, nor until the place of employment, machine, device, apparatus, or equipment is made safe and the required safeguards or safety appliances or devices are provided. This section shall not prevent the entry or use with the division's knowledge and permission for the sole purpose of eliminating the dangerous conditions.


6325.5. If the division has reasonable cause to believe that any workplace contains friable asbestos, and if there appears to be inadequate protection for employees at that workplace to the hazards from airborne asbestos fibers, the division may issue an order prohibiting use.


6326. Every person who, after such notice is attached as provided in Section 6325, enters any such place of employment, or uses or operates any such place of employment, machine, device, apparatus, or equipment before it is made safe and the required safeguards or safety appliances or devices are provided, or who defaces, destroys or removes any such notice without the authority of the division, is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of up to one thousand dollars ($1,000), or up to one year in the county jail, or both.


6327. Once an authorized representative of the division has prohibited entry in or use of a place of employment, machine, device, apparatus, or equipment, as specified in Section 6325, the employer may contest the order and shall be granted, upon request, a hearing by the division to review the validity of the representative's order. The hearing shall be held within 24 hours following the employer's request.


6327.5. If the division arbitrarily or capriciously fails to take action to prevent or prohibit any conditions or practices in any employment or place of employment which are such that danger exists which could reasonably be expected to cause death or serious physical harm immediately or before the imminence of such danger can be eliminated through other available means, any employee who may be injured by reason of such failure, or the representatives of such employees, may bring an action against the chief of the division in any appropriate court for a writ of mandate to compel the division to prevent or prohibit the condition. Nothing contained in this section shall be deemed to prevent the bringing of a writ of mandate against any appropriate person or entity as may be provided by law.


6328. The division shall prepare a notice containing pertinent information regarding safety rules and regulations. The notice shall contain the address and telephone number of the nearest division office; a clear explanation of an employee's right to report any unsafe working conditions; the right to request a safety inspection by the division for unsafe conditions; the right to refuse to work under conditions which endanger his life or health; the right to receive information under the Hazardous Substances Information and Training Act (Ch. 2.5 (commencing with Section 6360)); posting and notice requirements of employers and the division; and any other information the division deems necessary. It shall be supplied to employers as soon as practical. The division shall promulgate regulations on the content and the required location and number of notices which must be posted by employers. Sufficient posters in both English and Spanish shall be printed to supply employers in this state.

6329. All money collected for violation of standards, orders, or special orders of, or for fees paid pursuant to this division shall be paid into the state treasury to the credit of the General Fund. The Department of Industrial Relations shall account to the Department of Finance and the State Controller for all moneys so received and furnish proper vouchers therefor.


6330. The director shall prepare and submit to the Legislature, not later than March 1, an annual report on the division activities. The report shall include, but need not be limited to, the following information for the previous calendar year: (a) The amount of funds allocated and spent in enforcement, education and research, and administration by the division. (b) Total inspections made, and citations issued by the division. (c) The number of civil penalties assessed, total amount of fines collected and the number of appeals heard. (d) The number of contractors referred to the Contractor's State License Board for hearing, pursuant to Section 7109.5 of the Business and Professions Code, and the total number of these cases resulting in suspension or revocation of a license. (e) The report from the division prepared by the Bureau of Investigations for submission to the director pursuant to Section 6315.3. (f) Recommendations for legislation which improves the ability of the division to provide safety in places of employment. The report shall be made to the Speaker of the Assembly and the Chairman of the Rules Committee of the Senate, for assignment to the appropriate committee or committees for evaluation.


6331. The division shall enter into a contract for the development and execution of tests to define safety standards for the use of positive pressure, closed circuit, breathing apparatus in interior structural fires. The testing shall define numerically what constitutes positive pressure in breathing apparatus. The testing shall also address the issues of the heat of the oxygen coming into the mask, the condensation inside the mask, the possibility of, and effect of, moisture condensation in the lungs of the wearer of the mask, and the risks associated with a dislodgement of the mask in an interior structural fire situation. The development of these tests shall utilize the resources of recognized specialists in fire research to design, conduct, and execute the tests and develop the standards. The standards board shall adopt or revise safety standards based on the results of these tests. The test parameters, the location where the testing will take place, and the level of expertise required shall be determined by the Cal-OSHA Self Contained Breathing Apparatus Advisory Committee.


6332. (a) For purposes of this section, the following terms have the following meanings: (1) "Community health care worker" means an individual who provides health care or health care-related services to clients in home settings. (2) "Employer" means a person or entity that employs a community health care worker. "Employer" does not include an individual who is a recipient of home-based services and who is responsible for hiring his or her own community health care worker. (3) "Violence" means a physical assault or a threat of a physical assault. (b) Every employer shall keep a record of any violence committed against a community health care worker and shall file a copy of that record with the Division of Labor Statistics and Research in the form and detail and within the time limits prescribed by the Division of Labor Statistics and Research.


Chapter 2. Education And Research

Ca Codes (lab:6350-6359) Labor Code Section 6350-6359



6350. The division shall maintain an education and research program for the purpose of providing in-service training of division personnel, safety education for employees and employers, research and consulting safety services.

6351. The division shall be responsible for preparation and distribution of information concerning occupational safety and health programs, methods, techniques or devices. Such information may include but is not limited to safety publications, films and audiovisual material, speeches and conferences on safety.


6352. The division shall provide safety training programs, upon request, for employees and employers. Priority for the development of safety training programs shall be in those occupations which pose the greatest hazard to the safety and health of employees.


6353. The division shall conduct continuing research into methods, means, operations, techniques, processes and practices necessary for improvement of occupational safety and health of employees.


6354. The division shall, upon request, provide a full range of occupational safety and health consulting services to any employer or employee group. These consulting services shall include: (a) A program for identifying categories of occupational safety and health hazards causing the greatest number and most serious preventable injuries and illnesses and workers' compensation losses and the places of employment where they are occurring. The hazards, industries, and places of employment shall be identified from the data system that is used in the targeted inspection program pursuant to Section 6314.1. The division shall develop procedures for offering consultation services to high hazard employers who are identified pursuant to this section. The services may include the development of educational material and procedures for reducing or eliminating safety and health hazards, conducting workplace surveys to identify health and safety problems, and development of plans to improve employer health and safety loss records. The program shall include a component for reducing the number of work-related, repetitive motion injuries, including, but not limited to, back injuries. The division may formulate recommendations for reducing repetitive motion injuries after conducting a survey of the workplace of the employer who accepts services of the division. The recommendations shall include, wherever appropriate, the application of generally accepted ergonomic and engineering principles to eliminate repetitive motions that are generally expected to result in injuries to workers. The recommendations shall also include, wherever appropriate, training programs to instruct workers in methods for performing job-related movements, such as lifting heavy objects, in a manner that minimizes strain and provides safeguards against injury. The division shall establish model injury and illness prevention training programs to prevent repetitive motion injuries, including recommendations for the minimum qualifications of instructors. The model programs shall be made available to employers, employer associations, workers' compensation insurers, and employee organizations on request. (b) A program for providing assistance in the development of injury prevention programs for employees and employers. The highest priority for the division's consulting services shall be given to development of these programs for businesses with fewer than 250 employees in industries identified in the regional plans developed pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 6314.1. (c) A program for providing employers or employees with information, advice, and recommendations on maintaining safe employment or place of employment, and on applicable occupational safety and health standards, techniques, devices, methods, practices, or programs.

6354.5. (a) Any insurer desiring to write workers' compensation insurance shall maintain or provide occupational safety and health loss control consultation services. The insurer may employ qualified personnel to provide these services or provide the services through another entity. (b) The program of an insurer for furnishing loss control consultation services shall be adequate to meet minimum standards prescribed by this section. Required loss control consultation services shall be adequate to identify the hazards exposing the insured to, or causing the insured, significant workers' compensation losses, and to advise the insured of steps needed to mitigate the identified workers' compensation losses or exposures. The program of an insurer for furnishing loss control consultation services shall provide all of the following: (1) A workplace survey, including discussions with management and, where appropriate, nonmanagement personnel with permission of the employer. (2) A review of injury records with appropriate personnel. (3) The development of a plan to improve the employer's health and safety loss control experience, which shall include, where appropriate, modifications to the employer's injury and illness prevention program established pursuant to Section 6401.7. At the time that an insurance policy is issued and annually thereafter, and again when notified by Cal-OSHA that an insured employer has been identified as a targeted employer pursuant to Section 6314.1, the insurer shall provide each insured employer with a written description of the consultation services together with a notice that the services are available at no additional charge to the employer. These notices to the employer shall appear in at least 10-point bold type. (c) The insurer shall not charge any fee in addition to the insurance premium for safety and health loss control consultation services. (d) Nothing in this section shall be construed to require insurers to provide loss control services to places of employment that do not pose significant preventable hazards to workers. (e) The director shall establish an insurance loss control services coordinator position in the Department of Industrial Relations. The coordinator shall provide information to employers about the availability of loss control consultation services and respond to employers' questions and complaints about loss control consultation services provided by their insurer. The coordinator shall notify the insurer of every complaint concerning loss control consultation services. If the employer and the insurer are unable to agree on a mutually satisfactory solution to the complaint, the coordinator shall investigate the complaint. Whenever the coordinator determines that the loss control consultation services provided by the insurer are inadequate or inappropriate, he or she shall recommend to the employer and the insurer the actions required to bring the loss control program into compliance. If the employer and the insurer are unable to agree on a mutually satisfactory solution to the complaint, the coordinator shall forward his or her recommendations to the director. The cost of providing the coordinator services shall be paid out of the Workers' Occupational Safety and Health Education Fund created by subdivision (a) of Section 6354.7. However, no more than 20 percent of that fund may be expended for this purpose each year.


6354.7. (a) The Workers' Occupational Safety and Health Education Fund is hereby created as a special account in the State Treasury. Proceeds of the fund may be expended, upon appropriation by the Legislature, by the Commission on Health and Safety and Workers' Compensation for the purpose of establishing and maintaining a worker occupational safety and health training and education program and insurance loss control services coordinator. The director shall levy and collect fees to fund these purposes from insurers subject to Section 6354.5. However, the fee assessed against any insurer shall not exceed the greater of one hundred dollars ($100) or 0.0286 percent of paid workers' compensation indemnity claims as reported for the previous calendar year to the designated rating organization for the analysis required under subdivision (b) of Section 11759.1 of the Insurance Code. All fees shall be deposited in the fund. (b) The commission shall establish and maintain a worker safety and health training and education program. The purpose of the worker occupational safety and health training and education program shall be to promote awareness of the need for prevention education programs, to develop and provide injury and illness prevention education programs for employees and their representatives, and to deliver those awareness and training programs through a network of providers throughout the state. The commission may conduct the program directly or by means of contracts or interagency agreements. (c) The commission shall establish an employer and worker advisory board for the program. The advisory board shall guide the development of curricula, teaching methods, and specific course material about occupational safety and health, and shall assist in providing links to the target audience and broadening the partnerships with worker-based organizations, labor studies programs, and others that are able to reach the target audience. (d) The program shall include the development and provision of a needed core curriculum addressing competencies for effective participation in workplace injury and illness prevention programs and on joint labor-management health and safety committees. The core curriculum shall include an overview of the requirements related to injury and illness prevention programs and hazard communication. (e) The program shall include the development and provision of additional training programs for any or all of the following categories: (1) Industries on the high hazard list. (2) Hazards that result in significant worker injuries, illnesses, or compensation costs. (3) Industries or trades where workers are experiencing numerous or significant injuries or illnesses. (4) Occupational groups with special needs, such as those who do not speak English as their first language, workers with limited literacy, young workers, and other traditionally underserved industries or groups of workers. Priority shall be given to training workers who are able to train other workers and workers who have significant health and safety responsibilities, such as those workers serving on a health and safety committee or serving as designated safety representatives. (f) The program shall operate one or more libraries and distribution systems of occupational safety and health training material, which shall include, but not be limited to, all material developed by the program pursuant to this section. (g) The advisory board shall annually prepare a written report evaluating the use and impact of programs developed. (h) The payment of administrative costs incurred by the commission in conducting the program shall be made from the Workers' Occupational Safety and Health Education Fund.


6354.7. (a) The Workers' Occupational Safety and Health Education Fund is hereby created as a special account in the State Treasury. Proceeds of the fund may be expended, upon appropriation by the Legislature, by the Commission on Health and Safety and Workers' Compensation for the purpose of establishing and maintaining a worker occupational safety and health training and education program and an insurance loss control services coordinator. The director shall levy and collect fees to fund these purposes from insurers subject to Section 6354.5. However, the fee assessed against any insurer shall not exceed the greater of one hundred dollars ($100) or 0.0286 percent of paid workers' compensation indemnity amounts for claims as reported for the previous calendar year to the designated rating organization for the analysis required under subdivisions (b) and (c) of Section 11759.1 of the Insurance Code. All fees shall be deposited in the fund. (b) The commission shall establish and maintain a worker safety and health training and education program. The purpose of the worker occupational safety and health training and education program shall be to promote awareness of the need for prevention education programs, to develop and provide injury and illness prevention education programs for employees and their representatives, and to deliver those awareness and training programs through a network of providers throughout the state. The commission may conduct the program directly or by means of contracts or interagency agreements. (c) The commission shall establish an employer and worker advisory board for the program. The advisory board shall guide the development of curricula, teaching methods, and specific course material about occupational safety and health, and shall assist in providing links to the target audience and broadening the partnerships with worker-based organizations, labor studies programs, and others that are able to reach the target audience. (d) The program shall include the development and provision of a needed core curriculum addressing competencies for effective participation in workplace injury and illness prevention programs and on joint labor-management health and safety committees. The core curriculum shall include an overview of the requirements related to injury and illness prevention programs and hazard communication. (e) The program shall include the development and provision of additional training programs for any or all of the following categories: (1) Industries on the high hazard list. (2) Hazards that result in significant worker injuries, illnesses, or compensation costs. (3) Industries or trades in which workers are experiencing numerous or significant injuries or illnesses. (4) Occupational groups with special needs, such as those who do not speak English as their first language, workers with limited literacy, young workers, and other traditionally underserved industries or groups of workers. Priority shall be given to training workers who are able to train other workers and workers who have significant health and safety responsibilities, such as those workers serving on a health and safety committee or serving as designated safety representatives. (f) The program shall operate one or more libraries and distribution systems of occupational safety and health training material, which shall include, but not be limited to, all material developed by the program pursuant to this section. (g) The advisory board shall annually prepare a written report evaluating the use and impact of programs developed. (h) The payment of administrative costs incurred by the commission in conducting the program shall be made from the Workers' Occupational Safety and Health Education Fund.


6355. If the employer requests or accepts consulting services offered pursuant to Section 6354, the division in providing such services at the employer's employment or place of employment shall neither institute any prosecution under Section 6423 nor issue any citations for a violation of any standard or order adopted pursuant to Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 140) of Division 1. In any instance in which the division representative providing the consulting service finds that the conditions of employment, place of employment, any work procedure, or the operation of any machine, device, apparatus, or equipment constitutes an imminent hazard or danger, within the meaning of Section 6325, to the lives, safety, or health of employees, entry therein, or the use thereof, as the case may be, shall be prohibited by the division pursuant to Section 6325. The employer shall not, however, be liable to prosecution under Section 6423, nor shall the division issue any citations or assess any civil penalties, except in any case where the employer fails to comply with the division's prohibition of entry or use, or in any case where the provisions of Section 6326 apply.


6356. (a) There is hereby created, in the General Fund, the Worker Safety Bilingual Investigative Support, Enforcement, and Training Account. The moneys in the account may be expended by the department, upon appropriation by the Legislature, for the purposes of this part. (b) The department may receive and accept a contribution of funds from an individual or private organization, including the proceeds from a judgment in a state or federal court, if the contribution is made to carry out the purposes of this part. The department shall immediately deposit the contribution in the account established by subdivision (a). (c) The department may not receive or accept a contribution of funds under this section made from the proceeds of a judgment in a criminal action filed pursuant to Section 6423 or 6425 of the Labor Code.


6357. On or before January 1, 1995, the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board shall adopt standards for ergonomics in the workplace designed to minimize the instances of injury from repetitive motion.

6359. (a) The Legislature finds and declares the following: (1) Every year 70 adolescents die from work injuries in the United States and 200,000 are injured, 70,000 seriously enough to require hospital treatment. Most of these injuries are preventable. (2) A recent report by the Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council has brought national attention to the need for better education and interventions to aid injury and illness prevention efforts aimed at young workers. (3) Since 1996, the California Study Group on Young Workers' Health and Safety, consisting of 30 representatives from key agencies and organizations involved with California youth employment and education issues, including representatives from government agencies, business, labor, parent and teacher organizations, and others, has met to develop recommendations to better protect and educate California's young workers. (4) The study group recommended the establishment of a Resource Network on Young Workers' Health and Safety, to assist in increasing the ability of young workers and their communities to identify and address workplace hazards in order to prevent young workers from becoming injured or ill on the job. (b) It is the intent of the Legislature that the Department of Industrial Relations, the University of California, the State Department of Education, the State Department of Health Services, and the Employment Development Department cooperatively and individually conduct activities aimed at the prevention of occupational injuries and illnesses among young workers. (c) The Department of Industrial Relations shall contract with a coordinator to establish a statewide young worker health and safety resource network. The primary function of the resource network shall be to assist in increasing the ability of young workers and their communities statewide to identify and address workplace hazards in order to prevent young workers from becoming injured or ill on the job. The network shall coordinate and augment existing outreach and education efforts and provide technical assistance, education materials and other support to schools, job training programs, employers and other organizations working to educate students and their communities about workplace health and safety and child labor laws. (d) The resource network shall provide, and the lead center shall coordinate, services to all key groups throughout the state involved in education and protecting young workers, including, but not limited to: (1) Teachers. (2) Schools. (3) Job training programs. (4) Employers of youth. (5) Parent groups. (6) Youth organizations. (7) Work permit issuers. (e) The resource network shall be advised by a statewide advisory group, including, but not limited to, representatives from the Department of Industrial Relations, the Commission on Health and Safety and Worker's Compensation, the University of California, the State Department of Education, the Department of Health Services, and the Employment Development Department, as well as business, labor, parents, and others experienced in working with youth doing agricultural and nonagricultural work. The advisory group shall represent diverse geographic regions of the state. (f) This section shall be implemented subject to the availability of funding for the purposes of this section in the 2000-01 Budget Act.


Chapter 2.5. Hazardous Substances Information And Training

Article 1. General Provisions

Ca Codes (lab:6360-6363) Labor Code Section 6360-6363



6360. This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the Hazardous Substances Information and Training Act.


6361. (a) The Legislature finds and declares the following: (1) Hazardous substances in the workplace in some forms and concentrations pose potential acute and chronic health hazards to employees who are exposed to these substances. (2) Employers and employees have a right and a need to know the properties and potential hazards of substances to which they may be exposed, and such knowledge is essential to reducing the incidence and cost of occupational disease. (3) Employers do not always have available adequate data on the contents and properties of specific hazardous substances necessary for the provision of a safe and healthful workplace and the provision of information and training to employees as is the responsibility of the employer under existing law. (4) Many effective employee information and training programs now exist, and with the increased availability of basic information and with the extension of such programs to all affected employees, preventable health risks in the workplace would be further reduced. (b) The Legislature, therefore, intends by this chapter to ensure the transmission of necessary information to employees regarding the properties and potential hazards of hazardous substances in the workplace.

6362. The rights and duties set forth in this chapter apply to all employers who use hazardous substances in this state, to any person who sells a hazardous substance to any employer in this state, and to manufacturers who produce or sell hazardous substances in this state. The provisions of this chapter apply to hazardous substances which are present in the workplace as a result of workplace operations in such a manner that employees may be exposed under normal conditions of work or in a reasonably foreseeable emergency resulting from workplace operations. For purposes of this chapter, an emergency includes, but is not limited to, equipment failure, rupture of containers, or failure of control equipment, which may or do result in a release of a hazardous substance into the workplace.


6363. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to require a manufacturer or employer to conduct studies to develop new information.


Article 2. Definitions

Ca Codes (lab:6365-6374) Labor Code Section 6365-6374



6365. Unless the context otherwise requires, the definitions in this article and the provisions of Article 1 shall govern the construction of provisions of this chapter.


6366. "CAS number" means the unique identification number assigned by the Chemical Abstracts Service to specific chemical substances.


6367. "Chemical name" is the scientific designation of a substance in accordance with the nomenclature system developed by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry or the system developed by the Chemical Abstracts Service.

6368. "Common name" means any designation or identification such as code name, code number, trade name, or brand name used to identify a substance other than by its chemical name.


6370. "Expose" or "exposure" means any situation arising from work operation where an employee may ingest, inhale, absorb through the skin or eyes, or otherwise come into contact with a hazardous substance; provided, that such contact shall not be deemed to constitute exposure if the hazardous substance present is in a physical state, volume, or concentration for which it has been determined pursuant to Sections 6382 and 6390 that there is no valid and substantial evidence that any adverse acute or chronic risk to human health may occur from such contact.


6371. "Impurity" means a hazardous substance which is unintentionally present with another substance or mixture.


6372. "Manufacturer" means a person who produces, synthesizes, extracts, or otherwise makes a hazardous substance.


6373. "Mixture" means any solution or intimate admixture of two or more substances, at least one of which is present as a hazardous substance, as designated pursuant to Sections 6382 and 6383, which do not react chemically with each other.


6374. "MSDS" means a material safety data sheet prepared pursuant to Section 6390. A label in 8-point or larger type, prepared pursuant to Section 6390, shall constitute an MSDS for the purposes of this chapter.


Article 3. Hazardous Substances

Ca Codes (lab:6380-6386) Labor Code Section 6380-6386



6380. For the purposes of this chapter, the director, pursuant to Section 6382, shall establish a list of hazardous substances and shall make the list available to manufacturers, employers, and the public. Substances on the list shall be designated by their chemical and common name or names. The director shall adopt, amend, and repeal regulations for the establishment of the list of hazardous substances pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code.

6380.5. (a) Prior to the director's adoption of the list of hazardous substances, the director shall submit the list to the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board for its approval. Within 90 days of receiving the list from the director, the board, after holding a hearing and considering the recommendations of the employers and employees who may be affected, shall do the following: (1) Determine whether the substances listed are properly listed as hazardous substances pursuant to the criteria of Section 6382. (2) Modify the list as necessary to achieve compliance with Section 6382. (3) Approve the list of hazardous substances. Upon receipt of the list approved by the board, the director shall adopt the list as a regulation pursuant to the procedures set forth in Section 6380. The inclusion or exclusion of any individual substance on the list of hazardous substances shall not be subject to Section 11346.2 or 11346.9 of the Government Code. (b) Prior to the director's adoption of any additions to the list of hazardous substances pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 6382, the director shall submit the additions to the board for its approval. Within 60 days of receiving the additions from the director, the board, after holding a hearing and considering the recommendations of the employers and employees who may be affected, shall do the following: (1) Determine whether the substances listed are properly listed as hazardous substances pursuant to the criteria of Section 6382. (2) Modify the additions as necessary to achieve compliance with Section 6382. (3) Approve the list of hazardous substances. Upon receipt of the additions approved by the board, the director shall adopt the additions as a regulation pursuant to the procedures set forth in Section 6380. The inclusion or exclusion of any individual substance on the list of hazardous substances shall not be subject to Section 11346.2 or 11346.9 of the Government Code.


6381. Substances not present on the list of hazardous substances adopted pursuant to Section 6380 shall not be subject to the provisions of this chapter. However, the absence of designation as a hazardous substance in the list adopted pursuant to Section 6380 shall not in any way affect any other liability of an employer with regard to safeguarding the health and safety of an employee or other persons exposed to a toxic or hazardous substance; nor shall it affect any other duty or responsibility of a manufacturer, producer, or other maker to warn ultimate users of a substance pursuant to other provisions of law.

6382. The director shall prepare and amend the list of hazardous substances according to the following procedure: (a) Any substance designated in any of the following listings in subdivision (b) shall be presumed by the director to be potentially hazardous and shall be included on the list; provided, that the director shall not list a substance or form of the substance from the listings in subdivision (b) if he or she finds, upon a showing pursuant to the procedures set forth in Section 6380, that the substance as present occupationally is not potentially hazardous to human health; and provided further, that a substance, mixture, or product shall not be considered hazardous to the extent that the hazardous substance present is in a physical state, volume, or concentration for which there is no valid and substantial evidence that any adverse acute or chronic risk to human health may occur from exposure. (b) The listings referred to in subdivision (a) are as follows: (1) Substances listed as human or animal carcinogens by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). (2) Those substances designated by the Environmental Protection Agency pursuant to Section 307 (33 U.S.C. Sec. 1317) and Section 311 (33 U.S.C. Sec. 1321) of the federal Clean Water Act of 1977 (33 U.S.C. Sec. 1251 et seq.) or as hazardous air pollutants pursuant to Section 112 of the federal Clean Air Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. Sec. 7412) which have known, adverse human health risks. (3) Substances listed by the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board as an airborne chemical contaminant pursuant to Section 142.3. (4) Those substances designated by the Director of Food and Agriculture as restricted materials pursuant to Section 14004.5 of the Food and Agricultural Code which have known, adverse human health risks. (5) Substances for which an information alert has been issued by the repository of current data established pursuant to Section 147.2. (c) The director shall at least every two years review the listings in subdivision (b) and shall revise the list to include new substances so listed or exclude substances no longer on the listings, pursuant to the standards set forth in subdivision (a). (d) Notwithstanding Section 6381, in addition to those substances on the director's list of hazardous substances, any substance within the scope of the federal Hazard Communication Standard (29 C.F.R. Sec. 1910.1200) is a hazardous substance subject to this chapter.


6383. (a) For the purposes of this chapter, a hazardous substance is present in any mixture or product if it is present in any of the following concentrations: (1) One percent or more of the mixture or product. (2) Two percent of the mixture or product if the hazardous substance exists as an impurity in the mixture. (3) One-tenth of 1 percent of the mixture or product if the hazardous substance in the mixture or product is designated as a carcinogen pursuant to the Occupational Carcinogens Control Act of 1976 (Ch. 2 (commencing with Section 24200), Div. 20, H.& S.C.) or the federal Hazard Communication Standard (29 C.F.R. Sec. 1910.1200). The director may, by regulation, raise the concentration requirement for a hazardous substance which the director finds is not hazardous at the threshold levels; and, lower the concentration requirement for a hazardous substance for which there is valid and substantial evidence that the substance is extraordinarily hazardous. (b) The manufacturer of a hazardous substance shall notify the director of any valid evidence which indicates that the concentration requirement for a hazardous substance established pursuant to subdivision (a) is higher than what is necessary to protect employees who work with, or may be exposed to, the substance.


6384. This chapter does not apply to impurities which develop as intermediate materials during chemical processing but are not present in the final product, and to which employee exposure is unlikely.


6385. The provisions of this chapter do not apply to hazardous substances contained in either of the following: (a) Products intended for personal consumption by employees in the workplace, or consumer products packaged for distribution to, and use by, the general public. (b) Retail food sale establishments and all other retail trade establishments, exclusive of processing and repair work areas.


6386. (a) A laboratory in which a hazardous substance is used by or under the direct supervision of a technically qualified individual is not an employer or manufacturer for the purposes of this chapter. (b) This exemption does not excuse a laboratory from any of the following duties: (1) A laboratory employer shall ensure that labels of incoming containers of hazardous substances are not removed or defaced. (2) A laboratory employer shall maintain any material safety data sheets that are received with incoming shipments of hazardous substances and ensure that they are readily available to laboratory employees. (c) This exemption does not include a laboratory that primarily provides a quality control analysis for a manufacturing process or produces hazardous substances for commercial purposes. (d) "Technically qualified individual" means a person who, because of education, training, or experience, understands the risks associated with the use of the particular hazardous substance or mixture involved, and who conveys this knowledge to employees in terms of safe work practices.


Article 4. Duties

Ca Codes (lab:6390-6399.2) Labor Code Section 6390-6399.2



6390. The manufacturer of any hazardous substance listed pursuant to the provisions of Section 6380 shall prepare and provide its direct purchasers of the hazardous substance with an MSDS containing the information specified in Section 6391 which, to the best of the manufacturer's knowledge, is current, accurate, and complete, based on information then reasonably available to the manufacturer. For purposes of this section, a substance, mixture, or product shall not be considered a hazardous substance if present in a physical state, volume, or concentration for which there is no valid and substantial evidence that any adverse acute or chronic risk to human health may occur from exposure. The manufacturer shall revise an MSDS on a timely basis as appropriate to the importance of any new information which would affect the contents of the existing MSDS, and in any event within one year of such information becoming available to the manufacturer. If the new information indicates significantly increased risks to, or measures necessary to protect, employee health, as compared to those stated on the MSDS previously provided, the manufacturer shall provide such new information to persons who have purchased the product directly from the manufacturer within the last year.


6390.5. The manufacturer, importer, and distributor of any hazardous substance, and the employer, shall label each container of a hazardous substance in a manner consistent with the federal Hazard Communication Standard (29 C.F.R. Sec. 1910.1200) and as set forth in applicable occupational safety and health standards adopted by the standards board.


6391. The information which manufacturers shall provide to their purchasers pursuant to the provisions of Section 6390 shall include the following, if pertinent: (a) The chemical name, any common names, and the CAS number of the hazardous substance. (b) The hazards or other risks in the use of the hazardous substance, including all of the following: (1) The potential for fire, explosion, and reactivity. (2) The acute and chronic health effects or risks from exposure. (3) The potential routes of exposure and symptoms of overexposure. (c) The hazards or other risks of exposure to the combustion products of the hazardous substance. (d) The proper precautions, handling practices, necessary personal protective equipment, and other safety precautions in the use of or exposure to the hazardous substance, and its combustion products. (e) The emergency procedures for spills, fire, disposal, and first aid. (f) A description in lay terms, if not otherwise provided, on either a separate sheet or with the body of the information specified in this section, of the specific potential health risks posed by the hazardous substance and its combustion products intended to alert any person reading the information. (g) The month and year that the information was compiled and, for an MSDS issued after January 1, 1981, the name and address of the manufacturer responsible for preparing the information.


6392. Provision of a federal Material Safety Data Sheet or equivalent shall constitute prima facie proof of compliance with Section 6390.

6393. The manufacturer shall be relieved of the obligation to provide a specific purchaser of a hazardous substance with an MSDS pursuant to Section 6390 if the manufacturer has a record of having provided the specific purchaser with the most current version of the MSDS, or if the product is one sold at retail and is incidentally sold to an employer or the employer's employees, in the same form, approximate amount, concentration, and manner as it is sold to consumers, and, to the seller's knowledge, employee exposure to the product is not significantly greater than the consumer exposure occurring during the principal consumer use of the product. Except for products so labeled, this section does not relieve the manufacturer of the requirement to provide direct purchasers with new, revised, or later information or an MSDS pursuant to Section 6390.

6394. The preparer of an MSDS shall provide the department with a copy of the MSDS on each hazardous substance it manufactures. The preparer may transmit the MSDS to the department in either paper or electronic form. In the electronic filing of an MSDS, it is the responsibility of the preparer to protect any trade secret information contained in the MSDS during transmission to the department. Upon receipt by the department of the MSDS, it is the responsibility of the department to protect any trade secret information.

6395. (a) The manufacturer may provide the information required by Section 6390 on an entire product mixture, instead of on each hazardous substance in it, when all of the following conditions exist: (1) Hazard test information exists on the mixture itself, or adequate information exists to form a valid judgment of the hazardous properties of the mixture itself and the MSDS indicates that the information presented and the conclusions drawn are from some source other than direct test data on the mixture itself, and that an MSDS on each constituent hazardous substance identified on the MSDS is available upon request. (2) Provision of information on the mixture will be as effective in protecting employee health as information on the ingredients. (3) The hazardous substances in the mixture are identified on the MSDS unless it is either unfeasible to describe all the ingredients in the mixture or the identity of the ingredients is itself a valid trade secret, in either case the reason why the hazardous substances in the mixture are not identified shall be stated on the MSDS. (b) A single mixture MSDS may be provided for more than one formulation of a product mixture if the information provided pursuant to Section 6390 does not vary for the formulation.


6396. (a) The Director of Industrial Relations shall protect from disclosure any and all trade secrets coming into his or her possession, as defined in subdivision (d) of Section 6254.7 of the Government Code, when requested in writing or by appropriate stamping or marking of documents by the manufacturer or producer of a mixture. (b) Any information reported to or otherwise obtained by the Director of Industrial Relations, or any of his or her representatives or employees, which is exempt from disclosure under subdivision (a), shall not be disclosed to anyone except an officer or employee of the state or of the United States of America, in connection with the official duties of that officer or employee under any law for the protection of health, or to contractors with the state and their employees if in the opinion of the director the disclosure is necessary and required for the satisfactory performance of a contract for performance of work in connection with this act. (c) Any officer or employee of the state, or former officer or employee, who by virtue of that employment or official position has obtained possession of or has access to material the disclosure of which is prohibited by this section, and who, knowing that disclosure of the material is prohibited, knowingly and willfully discloses the material in any manner to any person not entitled to receive it, is guilty of a misdemeanor. Any contractor with the state and any employee of that contractor, who has been furnished information as authorized by this section, shall be considered to be an employee of the state for purposes of this section. (d) Information certified to by appropriate officials of the United States, as necessarily kept secret for national defense purposes, shall be accorded the full protections against disclosure as specified by that official or in accordance with the laws of the United States. (e) (1) The director, upon his or her own initiative, or upon receipt of a request pursuant to the California Public Records Act, (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 6250) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code) for the release of data submitted and designated as a trade secret by an employer, manufacturer, or producer of a mixture, shall determine whether any or all of the data so submitted are a properly designated trade secret. (2) If the director determines that the data is not a trade secret, the director shall notify the employer, manufacturer, or producer of a mixture by certified mail. (3) The employer, manufacturer, or producer of a mixture shall have 15 days after receipt of notification to provide the director with a complete justification and statement of the grounds on which the trade secret privilege is claimed. This justification and statement shall be submitted by certified mail. (4) The director shall determine whether the data are protected as a trade secret within 15 days after receipt of the justification and statement, or if no justification and statement is filed, within 30 days of the original notice, and shall notify the employer or manufacturer and any party who has requested the data pursuant to the California Public Records Act of that determination by certified mail. If the director determines that the data are not protected as a trade secret, the final notice shall also specify a date, not sooner than 15 days after the date of mailing of the final notice, when the data shall be available to the public. (5) Prior to the date specified in the final notice, an employer, manufacturer, or producer of a mixture may institute an action in an appropriate superior court for a declaratory judgment as to whether the data are subjected to protection under subdivision (a). (f) This section does not authorize a manufacturer to refuse to disclose information required pursuant to this chapter to the director.

6397. (a) Any person other than a manufacturer who sells a mixture or any hazardous substance shall provide its direct purchasers of the mixture or hazardous substance at the time of sale with a copy of the most recent MSDS or equivalent information prepared and supplied to the person pursuant to either Section 6390 or subdivision (b) whenever it is foreseeable that the provisions of this chapter may apply to the purchaser. (b) Any person who produces a mixture may, for the purposes of this section, prepare and use a mixture MSDS, subject to the provisions of Section 6395. (c) Any person subject to the provisions of subdivision (a) shall be relieved of the obligation to provide a specific purchaser of a hazardous substance with an MSDS if he or she has a record of having provided the specific purchaser with the most recent version of the MSDS, or if the product is one sold at retail and is incidentally sold to an employer or the employer's employees, in the same form, approximate amount, concentration, and manner as it is sold to consumers, and, to the seller's knowledge, employee exposure to the product is not significantly greater than the consumer exposure occurring during the principal consumer use of the product.


6398. The Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board shall adopt a standard setting forth an employer's duties toward its employees under this chapter, on or before July 1, 1981, consistent with the following guidelines: (a) An MSDS shall be available to an employee, collective bargaining representative, or the employee's physician, on a timely and reasonable basis, on substances in the workplace. (b) Employers shall furnish employees who may be exposed to a hazardous substance with information on the contents of the MSDS for the hazardous substances or equivalent information, either in written form or through training programs, which may be generic to the extent appropriate and related to the job. (c) Provision shall be made for employees to be informed of their rights under this chapter and under the standard to be adopted.


6399. Upon request, the manufacturer of a hazardous substance or the producer of a mixture who has produced a mixture MSDS pursuant to the provisions of subdivision (b) of Section 6397 shall make available to any employer, whose employees may be exposed to its product in the workplace, an MSDS on its product. If the employer does not already have an MSDS and has not already made written inquiry within 12 months as to whether a substance or product is subject to the requirements of this chapter or if the employer has not already made written inquiry within 6 months as to whether any new, revised, or later information has been issued for a hazardous substance, the employer shall do so within seven working days of a request to do so by an employee or employee's collective bargaining representative or physician. The employer may adopt reasonable procedures for acting upon such employee requests to avoid interruption of normal work operations. The manufacturer or the producer of a mixture MSDS pursuant to the provisions of Section 6397 shall answer such inquiries within 15 working days of their receipt, stating that the substance or product is subject to the requirements of this chapter and furnishing the most current MSDS or a statement that the MSDS is under development and the estimated completion date, or stating that it is not subject to the requirements of this chapter, with a brief explanation of why the chapter is not applicable. If an employer has not received a response from a manufacturer within 25 working days of the date the request was made, the employer shall send a copy of the request made of the manufacturer to the director with the notation that no response has been received.


6399.1. Compliance with regulations of the Director of Food and Agriculture issued pursuant to Section 12981 of the Food and Agricultural Code shall be deemed compliance with the obligations of an employer toward his or her employees under this chapter.


6399.2. This article shall become operative 180 days after adoption of the initial list of hazardous substances pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 6380).


Article 5. Liability And Remedies

Ca Codes (lab:6399.5-6399.7) Labor Code Section 6399.5-6399.7



6399.5. The provisions of this chapter regarding manufacturers, employers, and persons subject to the provisions of Section 6397, shall be enforced pursuant to the provisions of this division pertaining to enforcement of standards adopted under Section 142.3.


6399.6. The provision of information to an employee pursuant to the provisions of this chapter shall not in any way affect any other liability of an employer with regard to safeguarding the health and safety of an employee or other persons exposed to a toxic or hazardous substance; nor shall it affect any other duty or responsibility of a manufacturer, producer, or other maker to warn ultimate users of a substance pursuant to other provisions of law.


6399.7. No person shall discharge or in any manner discriminate against, any employee because such employee has filed any complaint or has instituted, or caused to be instituted, any proceeding under or related to the provisions of this chapter, or has testified, or is about to testify, in any such proceeding, or because of the exercise of any right afforded pursuant to the provisions of this chapter on such employee's behalf or on behalf of others, nor shall any pay, seniority, or other benefits be lost for exercise of any such right. A violation of the provisions of this section shall be a violation of the provisions of Section 6310.


Chapter 3. Responsibilities And Duties Of Employers And Employees

Ca Codes (lab:6400-6413.5) Labor Code Section 6400-6413.5



6400. (a) Every employer shall furnish employment and a place of employment that is safe and healthful for the employees therein. (b) On multiemployer worksites, both construction and nonconstruction, citations may be issued only to the following categories of employers when the division has evidence that an employee was exposed to a hazard in violation of any requirement enforceable by the division: (1) The employer whose employees were exposed to the hazard (the exposing employer). (2) The employer who actually created the hazard (the creating employer). (3) The employer who was responsible, by contract or through actual practice, for safety and health conditions on the worksite, which is the employer who had the authority for ensuring that the hazardous condition is corrected (the controlling employer). (4) The employer who had the responsibility for actually correcting the hazard (the correcting employer). The employers listed in paragraphs (2) to (4), inclusive, of this subdivision may be cited regardless of whether their own employees were exposed to the hazard. (c) It is the intent of the Legislature, in adding subdivision (b) to this section, to codify existing regulations with respect to the responsibility of employers at multiemployer worksites. Subdivision (b) of this section is declaratory of existing law and shall not be construed or interpreted as creating a new law or as modifying or changing an existing law.


6401. Every employer shall furnish and use safety devices and safeguards, and shall adopt and use practices, means, methods, operations, and processes which are reasonably adequate to render such employment and place of employment safe and healthful. Every employer shall do every other thing reasonably necessary to protect the life, safety, and health of employees.


6401.5. No salvage of materials shall be permitted while demolition is in progress on any building, structure, falsework, or scaffold more than three stories high or the equivalent height for which a permit is required under subdivision (c) of Section 6500. For this purpose salvage does not include removal of material from premises solely for the purpose of clearing the area to facilitate the continuation of the demolition.


6401.7. (a) Every employer shall establish, implement, and maintain an effective injury prevention program. The program shall be written, except as provided in subdivision (e), and shall include, but not be limited to, the following elements: (1) Identification of the person or persons responsible for implementing the program. (2) The employer's system for identifying and evaluating workplace hazards, including scheduled periodic inspections to identify unsafe conditions and work practices. (3) The employer's methods and procedures for correcting unsafe or unhealthy conditions and work practices in a timely manner. (4) An occupational health and safety training program designed to instruct employees in general safe and healthy work practices and to provide specific instruction with respect to hazards specific to each employee's job assignment. (5) The employer's system for communicating with employees on occupational health and safety matters, including provisions designed to encourage employees to inform the employer of hazards at the worksite without fear of reprisal. (6) The employer's system for ensuring that employees comply with safe and healthy work practices, which may include disciplinary action. (b) The employer shall correct unsafe and unhealthy conditions and work practices in a timely manner based on the severity of the hazard. (c) The employer shall train all employees when the training program is first established, all new employees, and all employees given a new job assignment, and shall train employees whenever new substances, processes, procedures, or equipment are introduced to the workplace and represent a new hazard, and whenever the employer receives notification of a new or previously unrecognized hazard. Beginning January 1, 1994, an employer in the construction industry who is required to be licensed under Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 7000) of Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code may use employee training provided to the employer's employees under a construction industry occupational safety and health training program approved by the division to comply with the requirements of subdivision (a) relating to employee training, and shall only be required to provide training on hazards specific to an employee's job duties. (d) The employer shall keep appropriate records of steps taken to implement and maintain the program. Beginning January 1, 1994, an employer in the construction industry who is required to be licensed under Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 7000) of Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code may use records relating to employee training provided to the employer in connection with an occupational safety and health training program approved by the division to comply with the requirements of this subdivision, and shall only be required to keep records of those steps taken to implement and maintain the program with respect to hazards specific to an employee' s job duties. (e) (1) The standards board shall adopt a standard setting forth the employer's duties under this section, on or before January 1, 1991, consistent with the requirements specified in subdivisions (a), (b), (c), and (d). The standards board, in adopting the standard, shall include substantial compliance criteria for use in evaluating an employer's injury prevention program. The board may adopt less stringent criteria for employers with few employees and for employers in industries with insignificant occupational safety or health hazards. (2) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), for employers with fewer than 20 employees who are in industries that are not on a designated list of high hazard industries and who have a workers' compensation experience modification rate of 1.1 or less, and for any employers with fewer than 20 employees who are in industries that are on a designated list of low hazard industries, the board shall adopt a standard setting forth the employer's duties under this section consistent with the requirements specified in subdivisions (a), (b), and (c), except that the standard shall only require written documentation to the extent of documenting the person or persons responsible for implementing the program pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (a), keeping a record of periodic inspections pursuant to paragraph (2) of subdivision (a), and keeping a record of employee training pursuant to paragraph (4) of subdivision (a). To any extent beyond the specifications of this subdivision, the standard shall not require the employer to keep the records specified in subdivision (d). (3) The division shall establish a list of high hazard industries using the methods prescribed in Section 6314.1 for identifying and targeting employers in high hazard industries. For purposes of this subdivision, the "designated list of high hazard industries" shall be the list established pursuant to this paragraph. For the purpose of implementing this subdivision, the Department of Industrial Relations shall periodically review, and as necessary revise, the list. (4) For the purpose of implementing this subdivision, the Department of Industrial Relations shall also establish a list of low hazard industries, and shall periodically review, and as necessary revise, that list. (f) The standard adopted pursuant to subdivision (e) shall specifically permit employer and employee occupational safety and health committees to be included in the employer's injury prevention program. The board shall establish criteria for use in evaluating employer and employee occupational safety and health committees. The criteria shall include minimum duties, including the following: (1) Review of the employer's (A) periodic, scheduled worksite inspections, (B) investigation of causes of incidents resulting in injury, illness, or exposure to hazardous substances, and (C) investigation of any alleged hazardous condition brought to the attention of any committee member. When determined necessary by the committee, the committee may conduct its own inspections and investigations. (2) Upon request from the division, verification of abatement action taken by the employer as specified in division citations. If an employer's occupational safety and health committee meets the criteria established by the board, it shall be presumed to be in substantial compliance with paragraph (5) of subdivision (a). (g) The division shall adopt regulations specifying the procedures for selecting employee representatives for employer-employee occupational health and safety committees when these procedures are not specified in an applicable collective bargaining agreement. No employee or employee organization shall be held liable for any act or omission in connection with a health and safety committee. (h) The employer's injury prevention program, as required by this section, shall cover all of the employer's employees and all other workers who the employer controls or directs and directly supervises on the job to the extent these workers are exposed to worksite and job assignment specific hazards. Nothing in this subdivision shall affect the obligations of a contractor or other employer that controls or directs and directly supervises its own employees on the job. (i) When a contractor supplies its employee to a state agency employer on a temporary basis, the state agency employer may assess a fee upon the contractor to reimburse the state agency for the additional costs, if any, of including the contract employee within the state agency's injury prevention program. (j) (1) The division shall prepare a Model Injury and Illness Prevention Program for Non-High-Hazard Employment, and shall make copies of the model program prepared pursuant to this subdivision available to employers, upon request, for posting in the workplace. An employer who adopts and implements the model program prepared by the division pursuant to this paragraph in good faith shall not be assessed a civil penalty for the first citation for a violation of this section issued after the employer's adoption and implementation of the model program. (2) For purposes of this subdivision, the division shall establish a list of non-high-hazard industries in California. These industries, identified by their Standard Industrial Classification Codes, as published by the United States Office of Management and Budget in the Manual of Standard Industrial Classification Codes, 1987 Edition, are apparel and accessory stores (Code 56), eating and drinking places (Code 58), miscellaneous retail (Code 59), finance, insurance, and real estate (Codes 60-67), personal services (Code 72), business services (Code 73), motion pictures (Code 78) except motion picture production and allied services (Code 781), legal services (Code 81), educational services (Code 82), social services (Code 83), museums, art galleries, and botanical and zoological gardens (Code 84), membership organizations (Code 86), engineering, accounting, research, management, and related services (Code 87), private households (Code 88), and miscellaneous services (Code 89). To further identify industries that may be included on the list, the division shall also consider data from a rating organization, as defined in Section 11750.1 of the Insurance Code, the Division of Labor Statistics and Research, and all other appropriate information. The list shall be established by June 30, 1994, and shall be reviewed, and as necessary revised, biennially. (3) The division shall prepare a Model Injury and Illness Prevention Program for Employers in Industries with Intermittent Employment, and shall determine which industries have historically utilized seasonal or intermittent employees. An employer in an industry determined by the division to have historically utilized seasonal or intermittent employees shall be deemed to have complied with the requirements of subdivision (a) with respect to a written injury prevention program if the employer adopts the model program prepared by the division pursuant to this paragraph and complies with any instructions relating thereto. (k) With respect to any county, city, city and county, or district, or any public or quasi-public corporation or public agency therein, including any public entity, other than a state agency, that is a member of, or created by, a joint powers agreement, subdivision (d) shall not apply. (l) Every workers' compensation insurer shall conduct a review, including a written report as specified below, of the injury and illness prevention program (IIPP) of each of its insureds with an experience modification of 2.0 or greater within six months of the commencement of the initial insurance policy term. The review shall determine whether the insured has implemented all of the required components of the IIPP, and evaluate their effectiveness. The training component of the IIPP shall be evaluated to determine whether training is provided to line employees, supervisors, and upper level management, and effectively imparts the information and skills each of these groups needs to ensure that all of the insured's specific health and safety issues are fully addressed by the insured. The reviewer shall prepare a detailed written report specifying the findings of the review and all recommended changes deemed necessary to make the IIPP effective. The reviewer shall be or work under the direction of a licensed California professional engineer, certified safety professional, or a certified industrial hygienist.


6402. No employer shall require, or permit any employee to go or be in any employment or place of employment which is not safe and healthful.

6403. No employer shall fail or neglect to do any of the following: (a) To provide and use safety devices and safeguards reasonably adequate to render the employment and place of employment safe. (b) To adopt and use methods and processes reasonably adequate to render the employment and place of employment safe. (c) To do every other thing reasonably necessary to protect the life, safety, and health of employees.


6404. No employer shall occupy or maintain any place of employment that is not safe and healthful.


6404.5. (a) The Legislature finds and declares that regulation of smoking in the workplace is a matter of statewide interest and concern. It is the intent of the Legislature in enacting this section to prohibit the smoking of tobacco products in all (100 percent of) enclosed places of employment in this state, as covered by this section, thereby eliminating the need of local governments to enact workplace smoking restrictions within their respective jurisdictions. It is further the intent of the Legislature to create a uniform statewide standard to restrict and prohibit the smoking of tobacco products in enclosed places of employment, as specified in this section, in order to reduce employee exposure to environmental tobacco smoke to a level that will prevent anything other than insignificantly harmful effects to exposed employees, and also to eliminate the confusion and hardship that can result from enactment or enforcement of disparate local workplace smoking restrictions. Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, it is the intent of the Legislature that any area not defined as a "place of employment" pursuant to subdivision (d) or in which the smoking of tobacco products is not regulated pursuant to subdivision (e) shall be subject to local regulation of smoking of tobacco products. (b) No employer shall knowingly or intentionally permit, and no person shall engage in, the smoking of tobacco products in an enclosed space at a place of employment. "Enclosed space" includes lobbies, lounges, waiting areas, elevators, stairwells, and restrooms that are a structural part of the building and not specifically defined in subdivision (d). (c) For purposes of this section, an employer who permits any nonemployee access to his or her place of employment on a regular basis has not acted knowingly or intentionally in violation of this section if he or she has taken the following reasonable steps to prevent smoking by a nonemployee: (1) Posted clear and prominent signs, as follows: (A) Where smoking is prohibited throughout the building or structure, a sign stating "No smoking" shall be posted at each entrance to the building or structure. (B) Where smoking is permitted in designated areas of the building or structure, a sign stating "Smoking is prohibited except in designated areas" shall be posted at each entrance to the building or structure. (2) Has requested, when appropriate, that a nonemployee who is smoking refrain from smoking in the enclosed workplace. For purposes of this subdivision, "reasonable steps" does not include (A) the physical ejection of a nonemployee from the place of employment or (B) any requirement for making a request to a nonemployee to refrain from smoking, under circumstances involving a risk of physical harm to the employer or any employee. (d) For purposes of this section, "place of employment" does not include any of the following: (1) Sixty-five percent of the guestroom accommodations in a hotel, motel, or similar transient lodging establishment. (2) Areas of the lobby in a hotel, motel, or other similar transient lodging establishment designated for smoking by the establishment. An establishment may permit smoking in a designated lobby area that does not exceed 25 percent of the total floor area of the lobby or, if the total area of the lobby is 2,000 square feet or less, that does not exceed 50 percent of the total floor area of the lobby. For purposes of this paragraph, "lobby" means the common public area of an establishment in which registration and other similar or related transactions, or both, are conducted and in which the establishment's guests and members of the public typically congregate. (3) Meeting and banquet rooms in a hotel, motel, other transient lodging establishment similar to a hotel or motel, restaurant, or public convention center, except while food or beverage functions are taking place, including setup, service, and cleanup activities, or when the room is being used for exhibit purposes. At times when smoking is not permitted in a meeting or banquet room pursuant to this paragraph, the establishment may permit smoking in corridors and prefunction areas adjacent to and serving the meeting or banquet room if no employee is stationed in that corridor or area on other than a passing basis. (4) Retail or wholesale tobacco shops and private smokers' lounges. For purposes of this paragraph: (A) "Private smokers' lounge" means any enclosed area in or attached to a retail or wholesale tobacco shop that is dedicated to the use of tobacco products, including, but not limited to, cigars and pipes. (B) "Retail or wholesale tobacco shop" means any business establishment the main purpose of which is the sale of tobacco products, including, but not limited to, cigars, pipe tobacco, and smoking accessories. (5) Cabs of motortrucks, as defined in Section 410 of the Vehicle Code, or truck tractors, as defined in Section 655 of the Vehicle Code, if no nonsmoking employees are present. (6) Warehouse facilities. For purposes of this paragraph, "warehouse facility" means a warehouse facility with more than 100,000 square feet of total floorspace, and 20 or fewer full-time employees working at the facility, but does not include any area within a facility that is utilized as office space. (7) Gaming clubs, in which smoking is permitted by subdivision (f). For purposes of this paragraph, "gaming club" means any gaming club, as defined in Section 19802 of the Business and Professions Code, or bingo facility, as defined in Section 326.5 of the Penal Code, that restricts access to minors under 18 years of age. (8) Bars and taverns, in which smoking is permitted by subdivision (f). For purposes of this paragraph, "bar" or "tavern" means a facility primarily devoted to the serving of alcoholic beverages for consumption by guests on the premises, in which the serving of food is incidental. "Bar or tavern" includes those facilities located within a hotel, motel, or other similar transient occupancy establishment. However, when located within a building in conjunction with another use, including a restaurant, "bar" or "tavern" includes only those areas used primarily for the sale and service of alcoholic beverages. "Bar" or "tavern" does not include the dining areas of a restaurant, regardless of whether alcoholic beverages are served therein. (9) Theatrical production sites, if smoking is an integral part of the story in the theatrical production. (10) Medical research or treatment sites, if smoking is integral to the research and treatment being conducted. (11) Private residences, except for private residences licensed as family day care homes, during the hours of operation as family day care homes and in those areas where children are present. (12) Patient smoking areas in long-term health care facilities, as defined in Section 1418 of the Health and Safety Code. (13) Breakrooms designated by employers for smoking, provided that all of the following conditions are met: (A) Air from the smoking room shall be exhausted directly to the outside by an exhaust fan. Air from the smoking room shall not be recirculated to other parts of the building. (B) The employer shall comply with any ventilation standard or other standard utilizing appropriate technology, including, but not limited to, mechanical, electronic, and biotechnical systems, adopted by the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board or the federal Environmental Protection Agency. If both adopt inconsistent standards, the ventilation standards of the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board shall be no less stringent than the standards adopted by the federal Environmental Protection Agency. (C) The smoking room shall be located in a nonwork area where no one, as part of his or her work responsibilities, is required to enter. For purposes of this subparagraph, "work responsibilities" does not include any custodial or maintenance work carried out in the breakroom when it is unoccupied. (D) There are sufficient nonsmoking breakrooms to accommodate nonsmokers. (14) Employers with a total of five or fewer employees, either full time or part time, may permit smoking where all of the following conditions are met: (A) The smoking area is not accessible to minors. (B) All employees who enter the smoking area consent to permit smoking. No one, as part of his or her work responsibilities, shall be required to work in an area where smoking is permitted. An employer who is determined by the division to have used coercion to obtain consent or who has required an employee to work in the smoking area shall be subject to the penalty provisions of Section 6427. (C) Air from the smoking area shall be exhausted directly to the outside by an exhaust fan. Air from the smoking area shall not be recirculated to other parts of the building. (D) The employer shall comply with any ventilation standard or other standard utilizing appropriate technology, including, but not limited to, mechanical, electronic, and biotechnical systems, adopted by the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board or the federal Environmental Protection Agency. If both adopt inconsistent standards, the ventilation standards of the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board shall be no less stringent than the standards adopted by the federal Environmental Protection Agency. This paragraph shall not be construed to (i) supersede or render inapplicable any condition or limitation on smoking areas made applicable to specific types of business establishments by any other paragraph of this subdivision or (ii) apply in lieu of any otherwise applicable paragraph of this subdivision that has become inoperative. (e) Paragraphs (13) and (14) of subdivision (d) shall not be construed to require employers to provide reasonable accommodation to smokers, or to provide breakrooms for smokers or nonsmokers. (f) (1) Except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, smoking may be permitted in gaming clubs, as defined in paragraph (7) of subdivision (d), and in bars and taverns, as defined in paragraph (8) of subdivision (d), until the earlier of the following: (A) January 1, 1998. (B) The date of adoption of a regulation (i) by the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board reducing the permissible employee exposure level to environmental tobacco smoke to a level that will prevent anything other than insignificantly harmful effects to exposed employees or (ii) by the federal Environmental Protection Agency establishing a standard for reduction of permissible exposure to environmental tobacco smoke to an exposure level that will prevent anything other than insignificantly harmful effects to exposed persons. (2) If a regulation specified in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1) is adopted on or before January 1, 1998, smoking may thereafter be permitted in gaming clubs and in bars and taverns, subject to full compliance with, or conformity to, the standard in the regulation within two years following the date of adoption of the regulation. An employer failing to achieve compliance with, or conformity to, the regulation within this two-year period shall prohibit smoking in the gaming club, bar, or tavern until compliance or conformity is achieved. If the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board and the federal Environmental Protection Agency both adopt regulations specified in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1) that are inconsistent, the regulations of the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board shall be no less stringent than the regulations of the federal Environmental Protection Agency. (3) If a regulation specified in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1) is not adopted on or before January 1, 1998, the exemptions specified in paragraphs (7) and (8) of subdivision (d) shall become inoperative on and after January 1, 1998, until a regulation is adopted. Upon adoption of such a regulation on or after January 1, 1998, smoking may thereafter be permitted in gaming clubs and in bars and taverns, subject to full compliance with, or conformity to, the standard in the regulation within two years following the date of adoption of the regulation. An employer failing to achieve compliance with, or conformity to, the regulation within this two-year period shall prohibit smoking in the gaming club, bar, or tavern until compliance or conformity is achieved. If the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board and the federal Environmental Protection Agency both adopt regulations specified in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1) that are inconsistent, the regulations of the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board shall be no less stringent than the regulations of the federal Environmental Protection Agency. (4) From January 1, 1997, to December 31, 1997, inclusive, smoking may be permitted in gaming clubs, as defined in paragraph (7) of subdivision (d), and in bars and taverns, as defined in paragraph (8) of subdivision (d), subject to both of the following conditions: (A) If practicable, the gaming club or bar or tavern shall establish a designated nonsmoking area. (B) If feasible, no employee shall be required, in the performance of ordinary work responsibilities, to enter any area in which smoking is permitted. (g) The smoking prohibition set forth in this section shall constitute a uniform statewide standard for regulating the smoking of tobacco products in enclosed places of employment and shall supersede and render unnecessary the local enactment or enforcement of local ordinances regulating the smoking of tobacco products in enclosed places of employment. Insofar as the smoking prohibition set forth in this section is applicable to all (100-percent) places of employment within this state and, therefore, provides the maximum degree of coverage, the practical effect of this section is to eliminate the need of local governments to enact enclosed workplace smoking restrictions within their respective jurisdictions. (h) Nothing in this section shall prohibit an employer from prohibiting smoking in an enclosed place of employment for any reason. (i) The enactment of local regulation of smoking of tobacco products in enclosed places of employment by local governments shall be suspended only for as long as, and to the extent that, the (100-percent) smoking prohibition provided for in this section remains in effect. In the event this section is repealed or modified by subsequent legislative or judicial action so that the (100-percent) smoking prohibition is no longer applicable to all enclosed places of employment in California, local governments shall have the full right and authority to enforce previously enacted, and to enact and enforce new, restrictions on the smoking of tobacco products in enclosed places of employment within their jurisdictions, including a complete prohibition of smoking. Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, any area not defined as a "place of employment" or in which smoking is not regulated pursuant to subdivision (d) or (e), shall be subject to local regulation of smoking of tobacco products. (j) Any violation of the prohibition set forth in subdivision (b) is an infraction, punishable by a fine not to exceed one hundred dollars ($100) for a first violation, two hundred dollars ($200) for a second violation within one year, and five hundred dollars ($500) for a third and for each subsequent violation within one year. This subdivision shall be enforced by local law enforcement agencies, including, but not limited to, local health departments, as determined by the local governing body. (k) Notwithstanding Section 6309, the division shall not be required to respond to any complaint regarding the smoking of tobacco products in an enclosed space at a place of employment, unless the employer has been found guilty pursuant to subdivision (j) of a third violation of subdivision (b) within the previous year. (l) If any provision of this act or the application thereof to any person or circumstances is held invalid, that invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of the act that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this act are severable.


6405. No employer, owner, or lessee of any real property shall construct or cause to be constructed any place of employment that is not safe and healthful.

6406. No person shall do any of the following: (a) Remove, displace, damage, destroy or carry off any safety device, safeguard, notice, or warning, furnished for use in any employment or place of employment. (b) Interfere in any way with the use thereof by any other person. (c) Interfere with the use of any method or process adopted for the protection of any employee, including himself, in such employment, or place of employment. (d) Fail or neglect to do every other thing reasonably necessary to protect the life, safety, and health of employees.


6407. Every employer and every employee shall comply with occupational safety and health standards, with Section 25910 of the Health and Safety Code, and with all rules, regulations, and orders pursuant to this division which are applicable to his own actions and conduct.


6408. All employers shall provide information to employees in the following ways, as prescribed by authorized regulations: (a) Posting of information regarding protections and obligations of employees under occupational safety and health laws. (b) Posting prominently each citation issued under Section 6317, or a copy or copies thereof, at or near each place a violation referred to in the notice of violation occurred. (c) The opportunity for employees or their representatives to observe monitoring or measuring of employee exposure to hazards conducted pursuant to standards promulgated under Section 142.3. (d) Allow access by employees or their representatives to accurate records of employee exposures to potentially toxic materials or harmful physical agents. (e) Notification of any employee who has been or is being exposed to toxic materials or harmful physical agents in concentrations or at levels exceeding those prescribed by an applicable standard, order, or special order, and informing any employee so exposed of corrective action being taken.


6409. (a) Every physician as defined in Section 3209.3 who attends any injured employee shall file a complete report of every occupational injury or occupational illness to the employee with the employer, or if insured, with the employer's insurer, on forms prescribed for that purpose by the Division of Labor Statistics and Research. A portion of the form shall be completed by the injured employee, if he or she is able to do so, describing how the injury or illness occurred. The form shall be filed within five days of the initial examination. Inability or failure of an injured employee to complete his or her portion of the form shall not affect the employee' s rights under this code, and shall not excuse any delay in filing the form. The employer or insurer, as the case may be, shall file the physician's report with the Department of Industrial Relations, through its Division of Labor Statistics and Research, within five days of receipt. Each report of occupational injury or occupational illness shall indicate the social security number of the injured employee. If the treatment is for pesticide poisoning or a condition suspected to be pesticide poisoning, the physician shall also file a complete report, which need not include the affidavit required pursuant to this section, with the Division of Labor Statistics and Research, and within 24 hours of the initial examination shall file a complete report with the local health officer by facsimile transmission or other means. If the treatment is for pesticide poisoning or a condition suspected to be pesticide poisoning, the physician shall not be compensated for the initial diagnosis and treatment unless the report is filed with the employer, or if insured, with the employer's insurer, and includes or is accompanied by a signed affidavit which certifies that a copy of the report was filed with the local health officer pursuant to the requirements of this section. (b) As used in this section, "occupational illness" means any abnormal condition or disorder caused by exposure to environmental factors associated with employment, including acute and chronic illnesses or diseases which may be caused by inhalation, absorption, ingestion, or direct contact.

6409.1. (a) Every employer shall file a complete report of every occupational injury or occupational illness, as defined in subdivision (b) of Section 6409, to each employee which results in lost time beyond the date of the injury or illness, or which requires medical treatment beyond first aid. An insured employer shall file the report with the insurer on a form prescribed by the Administrative Director of the Division of Workers' Compensation for that purpose within five days after the employer obtains knowledge of the injury or illness that has, or is alleged to have, arisen out of and in the course of employment. A self-insured employer, the state, or the insurer of an insured employer shall file the report in the electronic form prescribed for that purpose by the administrative director pursuant to Section 138.6 within the time prescribed by the administrative director. The administrative director shall ensure that the report required by this subdivision contains necessary information to continue to be acceptable as substitute documentation for purposes of recordkeeping required under the federal Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (29 U.S.C. Sec. 651 et seq.). Each report of occupational injury or occupational illness shall indicate the social security number of the injured employee. In the event an employer has filed a report of injury or illness pursuant to this subdivision and the employee subsequently dies as a result of the reported injury or illness, the employer shall file an amended report indicating the death with the Department of Industrial Relations, through its Division of Workers' Compensation or, if an insured employer, with the insurer, within five days after the employer is notified or learns of the death. A copy of any amended reports received by the insurer shall be filed with the Division of Workers' Compensation in electronic form as prescribed by the administrative director. (b) In every case involving a serious injury or illness, or death, in addition to the report required by subdivision (a), a report shall be made immediately by the employer to the Division of Occupational Safety and Health by telephone or telegraph. An employer who violates this subdivision may be assessed a civil penalty of not less than five thousand dollars ($5,000). Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to increase the maximum civil penalty, pursuant to Sections 6427 to 6430, inclusive, that may be imposed for a violation of this section.


6409.2. Whenever a state, county, or local fire or police agency is called to an accident involving an employee covered by this part in which a serious injury or illness, or death occurs, the responding agency shall immediately notify the nearest office of the Division of Occupational Safety and Health by telephone. Thereafter, the division shall immediately notify the appropriate prosecuting authority of the accident.


6409.3. In no case shall the treatment administered for pesticide poisoning or a condition suspected as pesticide poisoning be deemed to be first aid treatment.


6409.5. (a) Whenever any local public fire agency has knowledge that a place of employment where garment manufacturing operations take place contains fire or safety hazards for which fire and injury prevention measures have not been taken in accordance with local fire and life safety ordinances, the agency may notify the Division of Occupational Safety and Health. This referral shall be made only after the garment manufacturing employer has been given a reasonable amount of time to correct violations. (b) Whenever the Division of Occupational Safety and Health has knowledge or reasonable suspicion that a place of employment where garment manufacturing operations take place contains fire or safety hazards for which fire and injury prevention measures have not been taken in accordance with local fire and life safety ordinances, the division shall notify the appropriate local public fire agency. (c) Whenever the Division of Occupational Safety and Health receives a referral by a local public fire agency pursuant to subdivision (a) which informs the division that a place of employment where garment manufacturing operations take place is not safe or is injurious to the welfare of any employee, it shall constitute a complaint for purposes of Section 6309 and shall be investigated. (d) Whenever a local public fire agency receives a referral by the Division of Occupational Safety and Health pursuant to subdivision (b) which informs the local public fire agency that a place of employment where garment manufacturing operations take place is not safe or is injurious to the welfare of any employee, the local public fire agency may investigate the referral at its discretion. (e) (1) If the Division of Occupational Safety and Health acquires knowledge that the garment manufacturing employer is not currently registered, it shall notify the Division of Labor Standards Enforcement. (2) Local public fire agencies may make referrals of individuals not registered as garment manufacturers to the Division of Labor Standards Enforcement. (3) Whenever the Division of Labor Standards Enforcement is informed by the Division of Occupational Safety and Health or by a local public fire agency that a garment manufacturing employer is unregistered, the Division of Labor Standards Enforcement shall take measures it deems appropriate to obtain compliance.


6410. The reports required by subdivision (a) of Section 6409 and Section 6413 shall be made in the form and detail and within the time limits prescribed by reasonable rules and regulations adopted by the Division of Labor Statistics and Research in accordance with Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code. Nothing in this chapter requiring recordkeeping and reporting by employers shall relieve the employer of maintaining records and making reports to the assistant secretary, United States Department of Labor, as required under the Federal Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (P.L. 91-596). The Division of Labor Statistics and Research shall prescribe and provide the forms necessary for maintenance of the required records, and the Division of Occupational Safety and Health shall enforce by citation and penalty assessment any violation of the recordkeeping requirements of this chapter. All state and local government employers shall maintain records and make reports in the same manner and to the same extent as required of other employers by this section.


6410.5. The reports required by subdivision (a) of Section 6409, subdivision (a) of Section 6409.1, and Section 6413 shall contain, prominently stated, the statement set forth in Section 5401.7.


6411. Every employer or insurer receiving forms with directions from the Division of Labor Statistics and Research to complete them shall cause them to be properly filled out so as to answer fully and correctly each question propounded therein. In case of inability to answer any such questions, a good and sufficient reason shall be given for such failure.


6412. No report of injury or illness required by subdivision (a) of Section 6409.1 shall be open to public inspection or made public, nor shall those reports be admissible as evidence in any adversary proceeding before the Workers' Compensation Appeals Board. However, the reports required of physicians by subdivision (a) of Section 6409 shall be admissible as evidence in the proceeding, except that no physician's report shall be admissible as evidence to bar proceedings for the collection of compensation, and the portion of any physician' s report completed by an employee shall not be admissible as evidence in any proceeding before the Workers' Compensation Appeals Board.


6413. (a) The Department of Corrections, and every physician or surgeon who attends any injured state prisoner, shall file with the Division of Labor Statistics and Research a complete report, on forms prescribed under Sections 6409 and 6409.1, of every injury to each state prisoner, resulting from any labor performed by the prisoner unless disability resulting from such injury does not last through the day or does not require medical service other than ordinary first aid treatment. (b) Where the injury results in death a report, in addition to the report required by subdivision (a), shall forthwith be made by the Department of Corrections to the Division of Labor Statistics and Research by telephone or telegraph. (c) Except as provided in Section 6304.2, nothing in this section or in this code shall be deemed to make a prisoner an employee, for any purpose, of the Department of Corrections. (d) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), no physician or surgeon who attends any injured state prisoner outside of a Department of Corrections institution shall be required to file the report required by subdivision (a), but the Department of Corrections shall file the report.

6413.2. (a) The Division of Labor Statistics and Research shall, within five working days of their receipt, transmit to the Division of Occupational Safety and Health copies of all reports received by the Division of Labor Statistics and Research pursuant to Section 6413. (b) With regard to any report required by Section 6413, the Division of Occupational Safety and Health may make recommendations to the Department of Corrections of ways in which the department might improve the safety of the working conditions and work areas of state prisoners, and other safety matters. The Department of Corrections shall not be required to comply with these recommendations. (c) With regard to any report required by Section 6413, the Division of Occupational Safety and Health may, in any case in which the Department of Corrections has not complied with recommendations made by the division pursuant to subdivision (b), or in any other case in which the division deems the safety of any state prisoner shall require it, conduct hearings and, after these hearings, adopt special orders, rules, or regulations or otherwise proceed as authorized in Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 6300) of this part as it deems necessary. The Department of Corrections shall comply with any order, rule, or regulation so adopted by the Division of Occupational Safety and Health.


6413.5. Any employer or physician who fails to comply with any provision of subdivision (a) of Section 6409, or Section 6409.1, 6409.2, 6409.3, or 6410 may be assessed a civil penalty of not less than fifty dollars ($50) nor more than two hundred dollars ($200) by the director or his or her designee if he or she finds a pattern or practice of violations, or a willful violation of any of these provisions. Penalty assessments may be contested in the manner provided in Section 3725. Penalties assessed pursuant to this section shall be deposited in the General Fund.


Chapter 4. Penalties

Ca Codes (lab:6423-6436) Labor Code Section 6423-6436



6423. (a) Except where another penalty is specifically provided, every employer and every officer, management official, or supervisor having direction, management, control, or custody of any employment, place of employment, or of any other employee, who does any of the following is guilty of a misdemeanor: (1) Knowingly or negligently violates any standard, order, or special order, or any provision of this division, or of any part thereof in, or authorized by, this part the violation of which is deemed to be a serious violation pursuant to Section 6432. (2) Repeatedly violates any standard, order, or special order, or provision of this division, or any part thereof in, or authorized by, this part, which repeated violation creates a real and apparent hazard to employees. (3) Knowingly fails to report to the division a death, as required by subdivision (b) of Section 6409.1. (4) Fails or refuses to comply, after notification and expiration of any abatement period, with any such standard, order, special order, or provision of this division, or any part thereof, which failure or refusal creates a real and apparent hazard to employees. (5) Directly or indirectly, knowingly induces another to commit any of the acts in paragraph (1), (2), (3), or (4) of subdivision (a). (b) Any violation of paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) is punishable by imprisonment in the county jail for a period not to exceed six months, or by a fine not to exceed five thousand dollars ($5,000), or by both that imprisonment and fine. (c) Any violation of paragraph (3) of subdivision (a) is punishable by imprisonment in county jail for up to one year, or by a fine not to exceed fifteen thousand dollars ($15,000), or by both that imprisonment and fine. If the violator is a corporation or a limited liability company, the fine prescribed by this subdivision may not exceed one hundred fifty thousand dollars ($150,000). (d) Any violation of paragraph (2), (4), or (5) of subdivision (a) is punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for a term not exceeding one year, or by a fine not exceeding fifteen thousand dollars ($15,000), or by both that imprisonment and fine. If the defendant is a corporation or a limited liability company, the fine may not exceed one hundred fifty thousand dollars ($150,000). (e) In determining the amount of fine to impose under this section, the court shall consider all relevant circumstances, including, but not limited to, the nature, circumstance, extent, and gravity of the violation, any prior history of violations by the defendant, the ability of the defendant to pay, and any other matters the court determines the interests of justice require.


6425. (a) Any employer and any employee having direction, management, control, or custody of any employment, place of employment, or of any other employee, who willfully violates any occupational safety or health standard, order, or special order, or Section 25910 of the Health and Safety Code, and that violation caused death to any employee, or caused permanent or prolonged impairment of the body of any employee, is guilty of a public offense punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for a term not exceeding one year, or by a fine not exceeding one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000), or by both that imprisonment and fine; or by imprisonment in the state prison for 16 months, or two or three years, or by a fine of not more than two hundred fifty thousand dollars ($250,000), or by both that imprisonment and fine; and in either case, if the defendant is a corporation or a limited liability company, the fine may not exceed one million five hundred thousand dollars ($1,500,000). (b) If the conviction is for a violation committed within seven years after a conviction under subdivision (b), (c), or (d) of Section 6423 or subdivision (c) of Section 6430, punishment shall be by imprisonment in state prison for a term of 16 months, two, or three years, or by a fine not exceeding two hundred fifty thousand dollars ($250,000), or by both that fine and imprisonment, but if the defendant is a corporation or limited liability company, the fine may not be less than five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000) or more than two million five hundred thousand dollars ($2,500,000). (c) If the conviction is for a violation committed within seven years after a first conviction of the defendent for any crime involving a violation of subdivision (a), punishment shall be by imprisonment in the state prison for two, three, or four years, or by a fine not exceeding two hundred fifty thousand dollars ($250,000), or by both that fine and imprisonment, but if the defendant is a corporation or a limited liability company, the fine shall not be less than one million dollars ($1,000,000) but may not exceed three million five hundred thousand dollars ($3,500,000). (d) In determining the amount of fine to be imposed under this section, the court shall consider all relevant circumstances, including, but not limited to, the nature, circumstance, extent, and gravity of the violation, any prior history of violations by the defendant, the ability of the defendant to pay, and any other matters the court determines the interests of justice require. (e) As used in this section, "willfully" has the same definition as it has in Section 7 of the Penal Code. This subdivision is intended to be a codification of existing law. (f) This section does not prohibit a prosecution under Section 192 of the Penal Code.


6425. (a) Any employer and any employee having direction, management, control, or custody of any employment, place of employment, or of any other employee, who willfully violates any occupational safety or health standard, order, or special order, or Section 25910 of the Health and Safety Code, and that violation caused death to any employee, or caused permanent or prolonged impairment of the body of any employee, is guilty of a public offense punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for a term not exceeding one year, or by a fine not exceeding one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000), or by both that imprisonment and fine; or by imprisonment in the state prison for 16 months, or two or three years, or by a fine of not more than two hundred fifty thousand dollars ($250,000), or by both that imprisonment and fine; and in either case, if the defendant is a corporation or a limited liability company, the fine may not exceed one million five hundred thousand dollars ($1,500,000). (b) If the conviction is for a violation committed within seven years after a conviction under subdivision (b), (c), or (d) of Section 6423 or subdivision (c) of Section 6430, punishment shall be by imprisonment in state prison for a term of 16 months, two, or three years, or by a fine not exceeding two hundred fifty thousand dollars ($250,000), or by both that fine and imprisonment, but if the defendant is a corporation or limited liability company, the fine may not be less than five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000) or more than two million five hundred thousand dollars ($2,500,000). (c) If the conviction is for a violation committed within seven years after a first conviction of the defendant for any crime involving a violation of subdivision (a), punishment shall be by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 of the Penal Code for two, three, or four years, or by a fine not exceeding two hundred fifty thousand dollars ($250,000), or by both that fine and imprisonment, but if the defendant is a corporation or a limited liability company, the fine shall not be less than one million dollars ($1,000,000) but may not exceed three million five hundred thousand dollars ($3,500,000). (d) In determining the amount of fine to be imposed under this section, the court shall consider all relevant circumstances, including, but not limited to, the nature, circumstance, extent, and gravity of the violation, any prior history of violations by the defendant, the ability of the defendant to pay, and any other matters the court determines the interests of justice require. (e) As used in this section, "willfully" has the same definition as it has in Section 7 of the Penal Code. This subdivision is intended to be a codification of existing law. (f) This section does not prohibit a prosecution under Section 192 of the Penal Code.

6426. Whoever knowingly makes any false statement, representation, or certification in any application, record, report, plan, or other document filed or required to be maintained pursuant to this division shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not more than seventy thousand dollars ($70,000), or by imprisonment for not more than six months, or by both.


6427. Any employer who violates any occupational safety or health standard, order, or special order, or Section 25910 of the Health and Safety Code, and the violation is specifically determined not to be of a serious nature, may be assessed a civil penalty of up to seven thousand dollars ($7,000) for each violation.

6428. Any employer who violates any occupational safety or health standard, order, or special order, or Section 25910 of the Health and Safety Code, if that violation is a serious violation, shall be assessed a civil penalty of up to twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000) for each violation. Employers who do not have an operative injury prevention program shall receive no adjustment for good faith of the employer or history of previous violations as provided in paragraphs (3) and (4) of subdivision (c) of Section 6319.


6428.5. An employer's injury prevention program shall be deemed to be operative for the purposes of Sections 6427 and 6428 if it meets the criteria for substantial compliance established by the standards board pursuant to Section 6401.7.

6429. (a) Any employer who willfully or repeatedly violates any occupational safety or health standard, order, or special order, or Section 25910 of the Health and Safety Code, may be assessed a civil penalty of not more than seventy thousand dollars ($70,000) for each violation, but in no case less than five thousand dollars ($5,000) for each willful violation. (b) Any employer who repeatedly violates any occupational safety or health standard, order, or special order, or Section 25910 of the Health and Safety Code, shall not receive any adjustment of a penalty assessed pursuant to this section on the basis of the regulations promulgated pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 6319 pertaining to the good faith of the employer or the history of previous violations of the employer. (c) The division shall preserve and maintain records of its investigations and inspections and citations for a period of not less than seven years.

6430. (a) Any employer who fails to correct a violation of any occupational safety or health standard, order, or special order, or Section 25910 of the Health and Safety Code, within the period permitted for its correction shall be assessed a civil penalty of not more than fifteen thousand dollars ($15,000) for each day during which the failure or violation continues. (b) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), for any employer who submits a signed statement affirming compliance with the abatement terms pursuant to Section 6320, and is found upon a reinspection not to have abated the violation, any adjustment to the civil penalty based on abatement shall be rescinded and the additional civil penalty assessed for failure to abate shall not be adjusted for good faith of the employer or history of previous violations as provided in paragraphs (3) and (4) of subdivision (c) of Section 6319. (c) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), any employer who submits a signed statement affirming compliance with the abatement terms pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 6320, and is found not to have abated the violation, is guilty of a public offense punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for a term not exceeding one year, or by a fine not exceeding thirty thousand dollars ($30,000), or by both that fine and imprisonment; but if the defendant is a corporation or a limited liability company the fine shall not exceed three hundred thousand dollars ($300,000). In determining the amount of the fine to be imposed under this section, the court shall consider all relevant circumstances, including, but not limited to, the nature, circumstance, extent, and gravity of the violation, any prior history of violations by the defendant, the ability of the defendant to pay, and any other matters the court determines the interests of justice require. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent prosecution under any law that may apply.


6431. Any employer who violates any of the posting or recordkeeping requirements as prescribed by regulations adopted pursuant to Sections 6408 and 6410, or who fails to post any notice required by Section 3550, shall be assessed a civil penalty of up to seven thousand dollars ($7,000) for each violation.


6432. (a) There shall be a rebuttable presumption that a "serious violation" exists in a place of employment if the division demonstrates that there is a realistic possibility that death or serious physical harm could result from the actual hazard created by the violation. The demonstration of a violation by the division is not sufficient by itself to establish that the violation is serious. The actual hazard may consist of, among other things: (1) A serious exposure exceeding an established permissible exposure limit. (2) The existence in the place of employment of one or more unsafe or unhealthful practices, means, methods, operations, or processes that have been adopted or are in use. (b) (1) Before issuing a citation alleging that a violation is serious, the division shall make a reasonable attempt to determine and consider, among other things, all of the following: (A) Training for employees and supervisors relevant to preventing employee exposure to the hazard or to similar hazards. (B) Procedures for discovering, controlling access to, and correcting the hazard or similar hazards. (C) Supervision of employees exposed or potentially exposed to the hazard. (D) Procedures for communicating to employees about the employer's health and safety rules and programs. (E) Information that the employer wishes to provide, at any time before citations are issued, including, any of the following: (i) The employer's explanation of the circumstances surrounding the alleged violative events. (ii) Why the employer believes a serious violation does not exist. (iii) Why the employer believes its actions related to the alleged violative events were reasonable and responsible so as to rebut, pursuant to subdivision (c), any presumption established pursuant to subdivision (a). (iv) Any other information that the employer wishes to provide. (2) The division shall satisfy its requirement to determine and consider the facts specified in paragraph (1) if, not less than 15 days prior to issuing a citation for a serious violation, the division delivers to the employer a standardized form containing the alleged violation descriptions ("AVD") it intends to cite as serious and clearly soliciting the information specified in this subdivision. The director shall prescribe the form for the alleged violation descriptions and solicitation of information. Any forms issued pursuant to this section shall be exempt from the rulemaking provisions of the Administrative Procedure Act (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code). (c) If the division establishes a presumption pursuant to subdivision (a) that a violation is serious, the employer may rebut the presumption and establish that a violation is not serious by demonstrating that the employer did not know and could not, with the exercise of reasonable diligence, have known of the presence of the violation. The employer may accomplish this by demonstrating both of the following: (1) The employer took all the steps a reasonable and responsible employer in like circumstances should be expected to take, before the violation occurred, to anticipate and prevent the violation, taking into consideration the severity of the harm that could be expected to occur and the likelihood of that harm occurring in connection with the work activity during which the violation occurred. Factors relevant to this determination include, but are not limited to, those listed in subdivision (b). (2) The employer took effective action to eliminate employee exposure to the hazard created by the violation as soon as the violation was discovered. (d) If the employer does not provide information in response to a division inquiry made pursuant to subdivision (b), the employer shall not be barred from presenting that information at the hearing and no negative inference shall be drawn. The employer may offer different information at the hearing than what was provided to the division and may explain any inconsistency, but the trier of fact may draw a negative inference from the prior inconsistent factual information. The trier of fact may also draw a negative inference from factual information offered at the hearing by the division that is inconsistent with factual information provided to the employer pursuant to subdivision (b), or from a failure by the division to provide the form setting forth the descriptions of the alleged violation and soliciting information pursuant to subdivision (b). (e) "Serious physical harm," as used in this part, means any injury or illness, specific or cumulative, occurring in the place of employment or in connection with any employment, that results in any of the following: (1) Inpatient hospitalization for purposes other than medical observation. (2) The loss of any member of the body. (3) Any serious degree of permanent disfigurement. (4) Impairment sufficient to cause a part of the body or the function of an organ to become permanently and significantly reduced in efficiency on or off the job, including, but not limited to, depending on the severity, second-degree or worse burns, crushing injuries including internal injuries even though skin surface may be intact, respiratory illnesses, or broken bones. (f) Serious physical harm may be caused by a single, repetitive practice, means, method, operation, or process. (g) A division safety engineer or industrial hygienist who can demonstrate, at the time of the hearing, that his or her division-mandated training is current shall be deemed competent to offer testimony to establish each element of a serious violation, and may offer evidence on the custom and practice of injury and illness prevention in the workplace that is relevant to the issue of whether the violation is a serious violation.


6433. The civil penalties set forth in Sections 6427 to 6431, inclusive, shall not be considered as other penalties specifically provided within the meaning of Section 6423.


6434. (a) Any civil or administrative penalty assessed pursuant to this chapter against a school district, county board of education, county superintendent of schools, charter school, community college district, California State University, University of California, or joint powers agency performing education functions shall be deposited with the Workplace Health and Safety Revolving Fund established pursuant to Section 78. (b) Any school district, county board of education, county superintendent of schools, charter school, community college district, California State University, University of California, or joint powers agency performing education functions may apply for a refund of their civil penalty, with interest, if all conditions previously cited have been abated, they have abated any other outstanding citation, and if they have not been cited by the division for a serious violation at the same school within two years of the date of the original violation. Funds not applied for within two years and six months of the time of the original violation shall be expended as provided for in Section 78 to assist schools in establishing effective occupational injury and illness prevention programs.


6434.5. (a) Any civil or administrative penalty assessed pursuant to this chapter against a public police or city, county, or special district fire department or the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection shall be deposited into the Workers' Compensation Administration Revolving Fund established pursuant to Section 62.5. (b) Any public police or city, county, or special district fire department or the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection may apply for a refund of any civil or administrative penalty assessed pursuant to this chapter, with interest, if all conditions previously cited have been abated, the department has abated any other outstanding citation, and the department has not been cited by the division for a serious violation within two years of the date of the original violation. Funds received as a result of a penalty, for which a refund is not applied for within two years and six months of the time of the original violation, shall be expended in accordance with Section 78 as follows: (1) Funds received as a result of a civil or administrative penalty imposed on a city, county, or special district fire department or the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection shall be allocated to the California Firefighter Joint Apprenticeship Program for the purpose of establishing and maintaining effective occupational injury and illness prevention programs. (2) Funds received as a result of a civil or administrative penalty imposed on a police department shall be allocated to the Office of Criminal Justice Planning, or any succeeding agency, for the purpose of establishing and maintaining effective occupational injury and illness prevention programs. (c) This section does not apply to that portion of any civil or administrative penalty that is distributed directly to an aggrieved employee or employees pursuant to the provisions of Section 2699.


6435. (a) Any employer who violates any of the requirements of Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 6500) of this part shall be assessed a civil penalty under the appropriate provisions of Sections 6427 to 6430, inclusive. (b) This section shall become inoperative on January 1, 1987, and shall remain inoperative until January 1, 1991, at which time it shall become operative, unless a later enacted statute, which becomes effective on or before January 1, 1991, deletes or extends that date.


6436. The criminal complaint regarding a violation of Section 6505.5 may be brought by the Attorney General or by the district attorney or prosecuting attorney of any city, in the superior court of any county in the state with jurisdiction over the contractor or employer, by reason of the contractor's or employer's act or failure to act within that county. Any penalty assessed by the court shall be paid to the office of the prosecutor bringing the complaint, but if the case was referred to the prosecutor by the division, or some other governmental unit, one-half of the civil or criminal penalty assessed shall be paid to that governmental unit.


Chapter 5. Temporary Variances

Ca Codes (lab:6450-6457) Labor Code Section 6450-6457



6450. (a) Any employer may apply to the division for a temporary order granting a variance from an occupational safety or health standard. Such temporary order shall be granted only if the employer files an application which meets the requirements of Section 6451, and establishes that (1) he is unable to comply with a standard by its effective date because of unavailability of professional or technical personnel or of materials and equipment needed to come into compliance with the standard or because necessary construction or alteration of facilities cannot be completed by the effective date, (2) he is taking all available steps to safeguard his employees against the hazards covered by the standard, and (3) he has an effective program for coming into compliance with the standard as quickly as practicable. (b) Any temporary order issued under this section shall prescribe the practices, means, methods, operations, and processes which the employer must adopt and use while the order is in effect and state in detail his program for coming into compliance with the standard. Such a temporary order may be granted only after notice to employees and an opportunity for a hearing. However, the division may issue one interim order for a temporary variance upon submission of an application showing that the employment or place of employment will be safe for employees pending a hearing on the application for a temporary variance. No temporary order may be in effect for longer than the period needed by the employer to achieve compliance with the standard or one year, whichever is shorter, except that such an order may be renewed not more than twice provided that the requirements of this section are met and an application for renewal is filed prior to the expiration date of the order. No single renewal of an order may remain in effect for longer than 180 days.


6451. An application for a temporary order under Section 6450 shall contain all of the following: (a) A specification of the standard or portion thereof from which the employer seeks a variance. (b) A representation by the employer, supported by representations from qualified persons having firsthand knowledge of the facts represented, that he is unable to comply with the standard or portion thereof and a detailed statement of the reasons therefor. (c) A statement of the steps he has taken and will take, with specific dates, to protect employees against the hazard covered by the standard. (d) A statement of when he expects to be able to comply with the standard and what steps he has taken and what steps he will take, with dates specified, to come into compliance with the standard. (e) A certification that he has informed his employees of the application by giving a copy thereof to their authorized representative, posting a statement giving a summary of the application and specifying where a copy may be examined at the place or places where notices to employees are normally posted, and by other appropriate means. A description of how employees have been informed shall be contained in the certification. The information to employees shall also inform them of their right to petition the division for a hearing.

6452. The division is authorized to grant a temporary variance from any standard or portion thereof whenever it determines such variance is necessary to permit an employer to participate in an experiment approved by the director designed to demonstrate or validate new and improved techniques to safeguard the health or safety of workers.


6454. The division may, in accordance with Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code, make such rules and regulations as are reasonably necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter and to establish rules and regulations relating to the granting or denial of temporary variances.


6455. Any employer or other person adversely affected by the granting or denial of a temporary variance may appeal to the standards board within 15 working days from receipt of the notice granting or denying the variance. The 15-day period may be extended by the standards board for good cause.


6456. A decision of the standards board on a variance appeal is binding on the director and the division with respect to the parties involved in the particular appeal. The director shall have the right to seek judicial review of a standards board decision irrespective of whether he appeared or participated in the appeal to the standards board.


6457. The standards board shall conduct hearings and render decisions on appeals of decisions of the division relating to allowance or denial of temporary variances. All board decisions on such variance appeals shall be in writing and shall be final except for any rehearing or judicial review.


Chapter 6. Permit Requirements

Ca Codes (lab:6500-6510) Labor Code Section 6500-6510



6500. (a) For those employments or places of employment that by their nature involve a substantial risk of injury, the division shall require the issuance of a permit prior to the initiation of any practices, work, method, operation, or process of employment. The permit requirement of this section is limited to employment or places of employment that are any of the following: (1) Construction of trenches or excavations that are five feet or deeper and into which a person is required to descend. (2) The construction of any building, structure, falsework, or scaffolding more than three stories high or the equivalent height. (3) The demolition of any building, structure, falsework, or scaffold more than three stories high or the equivalent height. (4) The underground use of diesel engines in work in mines and tunnels. This subdivision does not apply to motion picture, television, or theater stages or sets, including, but not limited to, scenery, props, backdrops, flats, greenbeds, and grids. (b) On or after January 1, 2000, this subdivision shall apply to motion picture, television, or theater stages or sets, if there has occurred within any one prior calendar year in any combination at separate locations three serious injuries, fatalities, or serious violations related to the construction or demolition of sets more than 36 feet in height for the motion picture, television, and theatrical production industry. An annual permit shall be required for employers who construct or dismantle motion picture, television, or theater stages or sets that are more than three stories or the equivalent height. A single permit shall be required under this subdivision for each employer, regardless of the number of locations where the stages or sets are located. An employer with a currently valid annual permit issued under this subdivision shall not be required to provide notice to the division prior to commencement of any work activity authorized by the permit. The division may adopt procedures to permit employers to renew by mail the permits issued under this subdivision. For purposes of this subdivision, "motion picture, television, or theater stages or sets" include, but are not limited to, scenery, props, backdrops, flats, greenbeds, and grids.


6501. Any employer subject to Section 6500 shall apply to the division for a permit pursuant to Section 6500. Such application for a permit shall contain such information as the division may deem necessary to evaluate the safety of the proposed employment or place of employment. An application by an employer shall include a provision that the applicant has knowledge of applicable occupational safety and health standards and will comply with such standards and any other lawful order of the division.


6501.5. Effective January 1, 1987, any employer or contractor who engages in asbestos-related work, as defined in Section 6501.8, and which involves 100 square feet or more of surface area of asbestos-containing material, shall register with the division. The division may grant registration based on a determination that the employer has demonstrated evidence that the conditions, practices, means, methods, operations, or processes used, or proposed to be used, will provide a safe and healthful place of employment. This section is not intended to supersede existing laws and regulations under Title 8, California Administrative Code, Section 5208. An application for registration shall contain such information and attachments, given under penalty of perjury, as the division may deem necessary to evaluate the safety and health of the proposed employment or place of employment. It shall include, but not be limited to, all of the following: (a) Every employer shall meet each of the following criteria: (1) If the employer is a contractor, the contractor shall be certified pursuant to Section 7058.5 of the Business and Professions Code. (2) Provide health insurance coverage to cover the entire cost of medical examinations and monitoring required by law and be insured for workers' compensation, or provide a five hundred dollar ($500) trust account for each employee engaged in asbestos-related work. The health insurance coverage may be provided through a union, association, or employer. (3) Train and certify all employees in accordance with all training required by law and Title 8 of the California Administrative Code. (4) Be proficient and have the necessary equipment to safely do asbestos-related work. (b) Provide written notice to the division of each separate job or phase of work, where the work process used is different or the work is performed at noncontiguous locations, noting all of the following: (1) The address of the job. (2) The exact physical location of the job at that address. (3) The start and projected completion date. (4) The name of a certified supervisor with sufficient experience and authority who shall be responsible for the asbestos-related work at that job. (5) The name of a qualified person, who shall be responsible for scheduling any air sampling, laboratory calibration of air sampling equipment, evaluation of sampling results, and conducting respirator fit testing and evaluating the results of those tests. (6) The type of work to be performed, the work practices that will be utilized, and the potential for exposure. Should any change be necessary, the employer or contractor shall so inform the division at or before the time of the change. Any oral notification shall be confirmed in writing. (c) Post the location where any asbestos-related work occurs so as to be readable at 20 feet stating, "Danger--Asbestos. Cancer and Lung Hazard. Keep Out." (d) A copy of the registration shall be provided before the start of the job to the prime contractor or other employers on the site and shall be posted on the jobsite beside the Cal-OSHA poster. (e) The division shall obtain the services of three industrial hygienists and one clerical employee to implement and to enforce the requirements of this section unless the director makes a finding that these services are not necessary or that the services are not obtainable due to a lack of qualified hygienists applying for available positions. Funding may, at the director's discretion, be appropriated from the Asbestos Abatement Fund. (f) Not later than January 1, 1987, the Division of Occupational Safety and Health shall propose to the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board for review and adoption a regulation concerning asbestos-related work, as defined in Section 6501.8, which involves 100 square feet or more of surface area of asbestos-containing material. The regulation shall protect most effectively the health and safety of employees and shall include specific requirements for certification of employees, supervisors with sufficient experience and authority to be responsible for asbestos-related work, and a qualified person who shall be responsible for scheduling any air sampling, for arranging for calibration of the air sampling equipment and for analysis of the air samples by a NIOSH approved method, for conducting respirator fit testing, and for evaluating the results of the air sampling. The Division of Occupational Safety and Health shall also propose a regulation to the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board for review and adoption specifying sampling methodology for use in taking air samples.

6501.7. "Asbestos" means fibrous forms of various hydrated minerals, including chrysotile (fibrous serpentine), crocidolite (fibrous riebecktite), amosite (fibrous cummingtonite--grunerite), fibrous tremolite, fibrous actinolite, and fibrous anthophyllite.


6501.8. (a) For purposes of this chapter, "asbestos-related work" means any activity which by disturbing asbestos-containing construction materials may release asbestos fibers into the air and which is not related to its manufacture, the mining or excavation of asbestos-bearing ore or materials, or the installation or repair of automotive materials containing asbestos. (b) For purposes of this chapter, "asbestos containing construction material" means any manufactured construction material that contains more than one-tenth of 1 percent asbestos by weight. (c) For purposes of this chapter, "asbestos-related work" does not include the installation, repair, maintenance, or nondestructive removal of asbestos cement pipe used outside of buildings, if the installation, repair, maintenance, or nondestructive removal of asbestos cement pipe does not result in asbestos exposures to employees in excess of the action level determined in accordance with Sections 1529 and 5208 of Title 8 of the California Code of Regulations, and if the employees and supervisors involved in the operation have received training through a task-specific training program, approved pursuant to Section 9021.9, with written certification of completion of that training by the training entity responsible for the training.


6501.9. The owner of a commercial or industrial building or structure, employer, or contractor who engages in, or contracts for, asbestos-related work shall make a good faith effort to determine if asbestos is present before the work is begun. The contractor or employer shall first inquire of the owner if asbestos is present in any building or structure built prior to 1978.


6502. The division may issue a permit based on a determination the employer has demonstrated evidence that the conditions, practices, means, methods, operations or processes used or proposed to be used will provide a safe and healthful place of employment. The division may issue a single permit for two or more projects to be performed by a single employer if similar conditions exist on each project and the chief or his representative is satisfied an adequate safety program has been developed for all the projects. The division may, upon its motion, conduct any investigation or hearing it deems necessary for the purpose of this section, and may require a safety conference prior to the start of actual work.


6503. A safety conference shall include representatives of the owner or contracting agency, the contractor, the employer, employees and employee representatives. The safety conference shall include a discussion of the employer's safety program and such means, methods, devices, processes, practices, conditions or operations as he intends to use in providing safe employment and a safe place of employment.


6503.5. A safety conference shall be held for all asbestos handling jobs prior to the start of actual work. It shall include representatives of the owner or contracting agency, the contractor, the employer, employees, and employee representatives. It shall include a discussion of the employer's safety program and such means, methods, devices, processes, practices, conditions, or operations as the employer intends to use in providing a safe place of employment.


6504. Any employer issued a permit pursuant to this chapter shall post a copy or copies of the permit pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 6408.

6505. The division may at any time, upon good cause being shown therefor, and after notice and an opportunity to be heard revoke any permit issued pursuant to this chapter.


6505.5. (a) The division may, upon good cause shown, and after notice to the employer or contractor by the division and an opportunity to be heard, revoke or suspend any registration issued to the employer or contractor to do asbestos-related work until certain specified written conditions are met. (b) Any person who owns a commercial or industrial building or structure, any employer who engages in or contracts for asbestos-related work, any contractor, public agency, or any employee acting for any of the foregoing, who, contracts for, or who begins, asbestos-related work in any commercial or industrial building or structure built prior to 1978 without first determining if asbestos-containing material is present, and thereby fails to comply with the applicable laws and regulations, is subject to one of the following penalties: (1) For a knowing or negligent violation, a fine of not more than five thousand dollars ($5,000) or imprisonment in the county jail for not more than six months, or both the fine and imprisonment. (2) For a willful violation which results in death, serious injury or illness, or serious exposure, a fine of not more than ten thousand dollars ($10,000) or imprisonment in the county jail for not more than one year, or both the fine and imprisonment. A second or subsequent conviction under this paragraph may be punishable by a fine of not more than twenty thousand dollars ($20,000) or by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than one year, or by both the fine and imprisonment. (3) A civil penalty of not more than two thousand dollars ($2,000) for each violation, to be imposed pursuant to the procedures set forth in Sections 6317, 6318, and 6319. (4) For a willful or repeat violation, a civil penalty of not more than twenty thousand dollars ($20,000) for each violation. (c) It is a defense to an action for violation of this section if the owner, contractor, employer, public agency, or agent thereof, proves, by a preponderance of the evidence, that he or she made a reasonable effort to determine whether asbestos was present.


6506. (a) Any employer denied a permit upon application, or whose permit is revoked, may appeal such denial or revocation to the director. (b) The filing of an appeal to the director from a permit revocation by the division shall not stay the revocation. Upon application by the employer with proper notice to the division, and after an opportunity for the division to respond to the application, the director may issue an order staying the revocation while the appeal is pending.


6507. The division shall set a fee to be charged for such permits in an amount reasonably necessary to cover the costs involved in investigating and issuing such permits.


6508. No permit shall be required of the State of California, a city, city and county, county, district, or public utility subject to the jurisdiction of the Public Utilities Commission.


6508.5. No entity shall be exempt from registration. The State of California, a city, city and county, county, district, or public utility subject to the jurisdiction of the Public Utilities Commission, shall be required to apply for a registration through the designated chief executive officer of that body. No registration fees shall be required of any public agencies.


6509. Any person, or agent or officer thereof, who violates this chapter is guilty of a misdemeanor.


6509.5. (a) If an asbestos consultant has made an inspection for the purpose of determining the presence of asbestos or the need for related remedial action with knowledge that the report has been required by a person as a condition of making a loan of money secured by the property, or is required by a public entity as a condition of issuing a permit concerning the property, the asbestos consultant or any employee, subsidiary, or any company with common ownership, shall not require, as a condition of performing the inspection, that the consultant also perform any corrective work on the property that was recommended in the report. (b) This section does not prohibit an asbestos consultant that has contracted to perform corrective work after the report of another company has indicated the presence of asbestos or the need for related remedial action from making its own inspection prior to performing that corrective work or from making an inspection to determine whether the corrective measures were successful and, if not, thereafter performing additional corrective work. (c) A violation of this section is grounds for disciplinary action against any asbestos consultant who engages in that work pursuant to any license from a state agency. (d) A violation of this section is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less than three thousand dollars ($3,000) and not more than five thousand dollars ($5,000), or by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than one year, or both. (e) For the purpose of this section: (1) "Asbestos consultant" means any person who, for compensation, inspects property to identify asbestos containing materials, determining the risks, or the need for related remedial action. (2) "Asbestos" has the meaning set forth in Section 6501.7.


6510. (a) If, after inspection or investigation, the division finds that an employer, without a valid permit, is engaging in activity for which a permit is required, it may, through its attorneys, apply to the superior court of the county in which such activity is taking place for an injunction restraining such activity. (b) The application to the superior court, accompanied by an affidavit showing that the employer, without a valid permit, is engaging in activity for which a permit is required, is a sufficient prima facie showing to warrant, in the discretion of the court, the immediate granting of a temporary restraining order. No bond shall be required of the division as a prerequisite to the granting of any restraining order.


Chapter 7. Appeal Proceedings

Ca Codes (lab:6600-6633) Labor Code Section 6600-6633



6600. Any employer served with a citation or notice pursuant to Section 6317, or a notice of proposed penalty under this part, or any other person obligated to the employer as specified in subdivision (b) of Section 6319, may appeal to the appeals board within 15 working days from the receipt of such citation or such notice with respect to violations alleged by the division, abatement periods, amount of proposed penalties, and the reasonableness of the changes required by the division to abate the condition.


6600.5. Any employer served with a special order or any action order by the division pursuant to Section 6308, or any other person obligated to the employer as specified in subdivision (b) of Section 6319, may appeal to the appeals board within 15 working days from the receipt of the order with respect to the action ordered by the division, abatement periods, the reasonableness of the changes required by the division to abate the condition.


6601. If within 15 working days from receipt of the citation or notice of civil penalty issued by the division, the employer fails to notify the appeals board that he intends to contest the citation or notice of proposed penalty, and no notice contesting the abatement period is filed by any employee or representative of the employee within such time, the citation or notice of proposed penalty shall be deemed a final order of the appeals board and not subject to review by any court or agency. The 15-day period may be extended by the appeals board for good cause.


6601.5. If, within 15 working days from receipt of a special order, or action order by the division, the employer fails to notify the appeals board that he or she intends to contest the order, and no notice contesting the abatement period is filed by any employee or representative of the employee within that time, the order shall be deemed a final order of the appeals board and not subject to review by any court or agency. The 15-day period may be extended by the appeals board for good cause.


6602. If an employer notifies the appeals board that he or she intends to contest a citation issued under Section 6317, or notice of proposed penalty issued under Section 6319, or order issued under Section 6308, or if, within 15 working days of the issuance of a citation or order any employee or representative of an employee files a notice with the division or appeals board alleging that the period of time fixed in the citation or order for the abatement of the violation is unreasonable, the appeals board shall afford an opportunity for a hearing. The appeals board shall thereafter issue a decision, based on findings of fact, affirming, modifying or vacating the division's citation, order, or proposed penalty, or directing other appropriate relief.


6603. (a) The rules of practice and procedure adopted by the appeals board shall be consistent with Article 8 (commencing with Section 11435.05) of Chapter 4.5 of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of, and Sections 11507, 11507.6, 11507.7, 11513, 11514, 11515, and 11516 of, the Government Code, and shall provide affected employees or representatives of affected employees an opportunity to participate as parties to a hearing under Section 6602. (b) The superior courts shall have jurisdiction over contempt proceedings, as provided in Article 12 (commencing with Section 11455.10) of Chapter 4.5 of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code.


6604. The appeals board may, in accordance with rules of practice and procedure which it shall adopt, direct and order a hearing officer: (a) To try the issues in any proceeding before it, whether of fact or of law, and make and file a finding, order, or decision based thereon. (b) To hold hearings and ascertain facts necessary to enable the appeals board to determine any proceeding or to make any order or decision that the appeals board is authorized to make, or necessary for the information of the appeals board.


6605. The appeals board may appoint one or more hearing officers in any proceeding, as it may deem necessary or advisable, and may defer, remove to itself, or transfer to a hearing officer the proceedings on any appeal. Any hearing officer appointed by the appeals board has the powers, jurisdiction, and authority granted by law, by the order of appointment, and by the rules of the appeals board.


6606. Any party to the proceeding may object to the reference of the proceeding to a particular hearing officer upon any one or more of the grounds specified in Section 641 of the Code of Civil Procedure and such objection shall be heard and disposed of by the appeals board. Affidavits may be read and witnesses examined as to such objections.


6607. Before entering upon his duties, the hearing officer shall be sworn, before an officer authorized to administer oaths, faithfully and fairly to hear and determine the matters and issues referred to him, to make just findings and to report according to his understanding. In any proceedings under this chapter, the hearing officer shall have the power to administer oaths and affirmations and to certify official acts.


6608. The appeals board or a hearing officer shall, within 30 days after the case is submitted, make and file findings upon all facts involved in the appeal and file an order or decision. Together with the findings or the decision, there shall be served upon all the parties to the proceedings a summary of the evidence received and relied upon and the reasons or grounds upon which the decision was made.


6609. Within 30 days after the filing of the findings, decision, or order, the appeals board may confirm, adopt, modify or set aside the findings, order, or decision of a hearing officer and may, with or without further proceedings, and with or without notice, enter its order, findings, or decision based upon the record in the case.


6610. Any notice, order, or decision required by this part to be served upon any person either before, during, or after the institution of any proceeding before the appeals board, shall be served in the manner provided by Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 1010) of Title 14 of Part 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure, unless otherwise directed by the appeals board. In the latter event the document shall be served in accordance with the order or direction of the appeals board. The appeals board may, in the cases mentioned in the Code of Civil Procedure, order service to be made by publication of notice of time and place of hearing. Where service is ordered to be made by publication the date of the hearing shall be fixed at more than 30 days from the date of filing the application.


6611. (a) If the employer fails to appear, the appeals board may dismiss the appeal or may take action upon the employer's express admissions or upon other evidence, and affidavits may be used without any notice to the employer. Where the burden of proof is upon the employer to establish the appeals board action sought, the appeals board may act without taking evidence. Nothing in this section shall be construed to deprive the employer of the right to make any showing by way of mitigation. (b) The appeal may be reinstated by the appeals board upon a showing of good cause by the employer for his failure to appear.


6612. No informality in any proceeding or in the manner of taking testimony shall invalidate any order, decision, or finding made and filed as specified in this division. No order, decision, or finding shall be invalidated because of the admission into the record, and use as proof of any fact in dispute of any evidence not admissible under the common law or statutory rules of evidence and procedure.


6613. The appeals board, a hearing officer, or any party to the action or proceeding, may, in any investigation or hearing before the appeals board, cause the deposition of witnesses residing within or without the state to be taken in the manner prescribed by law for like depositions in civil actions in the superior courts of this state under Title 4 (commencing with Section 2016.010) of Part 4 of the Code of Civil Procedure. To that end the attendance of witnesses and the production of records may be required. Depositions may be taken outside the state before any officer authorized to administer oaths. The appeals board or a hearing officer in any proceeding before the appeals board may cause evidence to be taken in other jurisdictions before the agency authorized to hear similar matters in such other jurisdictions.


6614. (a) At any time within 30 days after the service of any final order or decision made and filed by the appeals board or a hearing officer, any party aggrieved directly or indirectly by any final order or decision, made and filed by the appeals board or a hearing officer under any provision contained in this division, may petition the appeals board for reconsideration in respect to any matters determined or covered by the final order or decision and specified in the petition for reconsideration. Such petition shall be made only within the time and in the manner specified in this chapter. (b) At any time within 30 days after the filing of an order or decision made by a hearing officer and the accompanying report, the appeals board may, on its own motion, grant reconsideration.


6615. No cause of action arising out of any final order or decision made and filed by the appeals board or a hearing officer shall accrue in any court to any person until and unless the appeals board on its own motion sets aside such final order or decision and removes such proceeding to itself or such person files a petition for reconsideration, and such reconsideration is granted or denied. Nothing herein contained shall prevent the enforcement of any such final order or decision, in the manner provided in this division.


6616. The petition for reconsideration shall set forth specifically and in full detail the grounds upon which the petitioner considers the final order or decision made and filed by the appeals board or a hearing officer to be unjust or unlawful, and every issue to be considered by the appeals board. The petition shall be verified upon oath in the manner required for verified pleadings in courts of record and shall contain a general statement of any evidence or other matters upon which the applicant relies in support thereof.


6617. The petition for reconsideration may be based upon one or more of the following grounds and no other: (a) That by such order or decision made and filed by the appeals board or hearing officer, the appeals board acted without or in excess of its powers. (b) That the order or decision was procured by fraud. (c) That the evidence does not justify the findings of fact. (d) That the petitioner has discovered new evidence material to him, which he could not, with reasonable diligence, have discovered and produced at the hearing. (e) That the findings of fact do not support the order or decision.

6618. The petitioner for reconsideration shall be deemed to have finally waived all objections, irregularities, and illegalities concerning the matter upon which the reconsideration is sought other than those set forth in the petition for reconsideration.


6619. A copy of the petition for reconsideration shall be served forthwith upon all parties by the person petitioning for reconsideration. Any party may file an answer thereto within 30 days thereafter. Such answer shall likewise be verified. The appeals board may require the petition for reconsideration to be served on other persons designated by it.


6620. Upon the filing of a petition for reconsideration, or having granted reconsideration upon its own motion, the appeals board may, with or without further proceedings and with or without notice affirm, rescind, alter, or amend the order or decision made and filed by the appeals board or hearing officer on the basis of the evidence previously submitted in the case, or may grant reconsideration and direct the taking of additional evidence. Notice of the time and place of any hearing on reconsideration shall be given to the petitioner and adverse parties and to such other persons as the appeals board orders.

6621. If at the time of granting reconsideration, it appears to the satisfaction of the appeals board that no sufficient reason exists for taking further testimony, the appeals board may affirm, rescind, alter or amend the order or decision made and filed by the appeals board or hearing officer and may, without further proceedings, without notice, and without setting a time and place for further hearing, enter its findings, order or decision based upon the record in the case.


6622. After the taking of additional evidence and a consideration of all of the facts the appeals board may affirm, rescind, alter, or amend the original order or decision. An order or decision made following reconsideration which affirms, rescinds, alters, or amends the original order or decision shall be made by the appeals board but shall not affect any right or the enforcement of any right arising from or by virture of the original order or decision unless so ordered by the appeals board.


6623. Any decision of the appeals board granting or denying a petition for reconsideration or affirming, rescinding, altering, or amending the original findings, order, or decision following reconsideration shall be made by the appeals board and not by a hearing officer and shall be in writing, signed by a majority of the appeals board members assigned thereto, and shall state the evidence relied upon and specify in detail the reasons for the decision.


6624. A petition for reconsideration is deemed to have been denied by the appeals board unless it is acted upon within 45 days from the date of filing. The appeals board may, upon good cause being shown therefor, extend the time within which it may act upon that petition for not exceeding 15 days.

6625. The filing of a petition for reconsideration shall suspend for a period of 10 days the order or decision affected, insofar as it applies to the parties to the petition, unless otherwise ordered by the appeals board. The appeals board upon the terms and conditions which it by order directs, may stay, suspend, or postpone the order or decision during the pendency of the reconsideration.


6626. Nothing contained in this chapter shall be construed to prevent the appeals board, on petition of an aggrieved party or on its own motion, from granting reconsideration of an original order or decision made and filed by the appeals board within the same time specified for reconsideration of an original order or decision.


6627. Any person affected by an order or decision of the appeals board may, within the time limit specified in this section, apply to the superior court of the county in which he resides, for a writ of mandate, for the purpose of inquiring into and determining the lawfulness of the original order or decision or of the order or decision following reconsideration. The application for writ of mandate must be made within 30 days after a petition for reconsideration is denied, or, if a petition is granted or reconsideration is had on the appeals board's own motion, within 30 days after the filing of the order or decision following reconsideration.


6628. The writ of mandate shall be made returnable at a time and place then or thereafter specified by court order and shall direct the appeals board to certify its record in the case to the court within the time therein specified. No new or additional evidence shall be introduced in such court, but the cause shall be heard on the record of the appeals board, as certified to by it.


6629. The review by the court shall not be extended further than to determine, based upon the entire record which shall be certified by the appeals board, whether: (a) The appeals board acted without or in excess of its powers. (b) The order or decision was procured by fraud. (c) The order or decision was unreasonable. (d) The order or decision was not supported by substantial evidence. (e) If findings of fact are made, such findings of fact support the order or decision under review. Nothing in this section shall permit the court to hold a trial de novo, to take evidence, or to exercise its independent judgment on the evidence.


6630. The findings and conclusions of the appeals board on questions of fact are conclusive and final and are not subject to review. Such questions of fact shall include ultimate facts and the findings and conclusions of the appeals board. The appeals board and each party to the action or proceeding before the appeals board shall have the right to appear in the mandate proceeding. Upon the hearing, the court shall enter judgment either affirming or annulling the order or decision, or the court may remand the case for further proceedings before the appeals board.


6631. The provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure relating to writs of mandate shall, so far as applicable, apply to proceedings in the courts under the provisions of this part. A copy of every pleading filed pursuant to the terms of this part shall be served on the appeals board and upon every party who entered an appearance in the action before the appeals board and whose interest therein is adverse to the party filing such pleading.


6632. No court of this state, except the Supreme Court, the courts of appeal, and the superior court to the extent herein specified, has jurisdiction to review, reverse, correct, or annul any order or rule, or decision of the appeals board, or to suspend or delay the operation or execution thereof, or to restrain, enjoin, or interfere with the appeals board in the performance of its duties.


6633. The filing of a petition for, or the pendency of, a writ of mandate shall not of itself stay or suspend the operation of any order, rule or decision of the appeals board, but the court before which the petition is filed may stay or suspend, in whole or in part, the operation of the order or decision of the appeals board subject to review, upon the terms and conditions which it by order directs.



Chapter 8. Enforcement Of Civil Penalties

Ca Codes (lab:6650-6652) Labor Code Section 6650-6652



6650. (a) After the expiration of the period during which a penalty may be appealed, no appeal having been filed, the department may file with the clerk of the superior court in any county a certified copy of the citation and notice of civil penalty, the certification by the department that the penalty remains unpaid, and the division's proof of service on the employer of the items filed with the clerk of the court. (b) After the exhaustion of the review procedures provided for in Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 6600), an appeal having been filed, the department may file with the clerk of the superior court in any county a certified copy of the citation and notice of civil penalty, a certified copy of the order, findings or decision of the appeals board, the certification of the department that the penalty remains unpaid, and proof of service on the employer at the employer' s address as shown on the official address record by the appeals board. (c) The clerk, immediately upon the filing of a notice of civil penalty by the department pursuant to subdivision (a) or (b), shall enter judgment for the state against the person assessed the civil penalty in the amount of the penalty, plus interest due for each day from the date of issuance of the notice of civil penalty that the penalty remains unpaid. (d) The department shall serve the notice of entry of judgment provided by Section 664.5 of the Code of Civil Procedure on the employer. (e) A judgment entered pursuant to this section shall bear the same rate of interest, have the same effect as other judgments, and be given the same preference allowed by law on other judgments rendered for claims for taxes pursuant to Section 7170 of the Government Code. (f) No fees shall be charged by the clerk of any court for the performance of any official service required by this chapter.


6651. (a) Notwithstanding Section 340 of the Code of Civil Procedure, an action to collect any civil penalty, fee, or penalty fee under this division shall be commenced within three years from the date the penalty or fee became final. (b) The amendments made to this section by the act adding this subdivision shall only apply to penalty assessments or fees for which the three-year period prescribed in this section for the commencement of an action to collect a civil penalty or fee has not expired on the effective date of the act adding this subdivision.


6652. The division shall provide the Contractors' State License Board with a certified copy of every notice of civil penalty deemed to be a final order pursuant to Section 6601 or after the exhaustion of all other review procedures pursuant to Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 6600) when both of the following have occurred: (a) The employer served with the notice of civil penalty is, or is thought to be, a licensee licensed by the Contractors' State License Board. (b) The employer referred to in subdivision (a) has failed to pay the civil penalty after a period of 60 days following that employer's receipt of the notice of civil penalty. (c) When the employer has paid the civil penalty referenced in the certified copy of notice of civil penalty that was provided to the Contractors' State License Board, including all interest owed thereon, then the division shall provide to the employer who was the subject of the certified copy of notice a written confirmation or receipt stating that the employer has paid the amount owed that was the subject of the certified notice provided to the board.


Chapter 9. Miscellaneous Safety Provisions

Ca Codes (lab:6700-6719) Labor Code Section 6700-6719



6700. (a) Any employer who causes or allows the use of any flammable or combustible material for the installation acceptance pressure test of any gas houseline or piping shall be conclusively presumed to be maintaining an unsafe place of employment. (b) Any employer who causes or allows gas pipelines to be tested with gas at pressures in excess of that permitted by applicable sections of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Code for Pressure Piping shall be conclusively presumed to be maintaining an unsafe place of employment.

6701. It shall be the duty of the standards board to determine by the maximum allowable standards of emissions of contaminants from portable and from mobile internal combustion engines used inside factories, manufacturing plants, warehouses, buildings and other enclosed structures, which standards are compatible with the safety and health of employees.


6702. All portable and all mobile internal combustion engines that are used inside factories, manufacturing plants, warehouses, buildings and other enclosed structures shall be equipped with a certified exhaust purifier device after the certification of the device by the State Air Resources Board. The Division of Occupational Safety and Health shall be responsible for the enforcement of the provisions of this section.


6703. Sections 6701 and 6702 shall apply to all portable and all mobile internal combustion engines used inside factories, manufacturing plants, warehouses, buildings and other enclosed structures unless the operation of such an engine used inside a particular factory, plant, warehouse, building or enclosed structure does not result in harmful exposure to concentrations of dangerous gases or fumes in excess of maximum acceptable concentrations as determined by the standards board.


6704. All crawler and wheel cranes with cable-controlled booms and with rated lifting capacity of more than 10 tons sold or operated in this state shall be equipped with boomstops that meet standards that shall be established therefor by the standards board.


6705. No contract for public works involving an estimated expenditure in excess of twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000), for the excavation of any trench or trenches five feet or more in depth, shall be awarded unless it contains a clause requiring submission by the contractor and acceptance by the awarding body or by a registered civil or structural engineer, employed by the awarding body, to whom authority to accept has been delegated, in advance of excavation, of a detailed plan showing the design of shoring, bracing, sloping, or other provisions to be made for worker protection from the hazard of caving ground during the excavation of such trench or trenches. If such plan varies from the shoring system standards, the plan shall be prepared by a registered civil or structural engineer. Nothing in this section shall be deemed to allow the use of a shoring, sloping, or protective system less effective than that required by the Construction Safety Orders. Nothing in this section shall be construed to impose tort liability on the awarding body or any of its employees. The terms "public works" and "awarding body", as used in this section, shall have the same meaning as in Sections 1720 and 1722, respectively, of the Labor Code.


6705.5. Regulations of the department requiring the shoring, bracing, or sloping of excavations, or which contain similar requirements for excavations, shall only apply to the excavation of swimming pools where a reasonable examination by a qualified person reveals recognizable conditions which would expose employees to injury from possible moving ground. If these conditions are found to exist with respect to a swimming pool excavation, employees shall not be permitted to enter the excavation until the condition is abated or otherwise no longer exists.


6706. For the purposes of subdivision (a) of Section 6500, only one permit shall be required for a project involving several trenches or excavations. The provisions of Section 6500 shall not apply to the construction of trenches or excavations for the purpose of performing emergency repair work to underground facilities, or the construction of swimming pools, or the construction of "graves" as defined in Section 7014 of the Health and Safety Code or to the construction or final use of excavations or trenches where the construction or final use does not require a person to descend into the excavations or trenches.

6707. Whenever the state, a county, city and county, or city issues a call for bids for the construction of a pipeline, sewer, sewage disposal system, boring and jacking pits, or similar trenches or open excavations, which are five feet or deeper, such call shall specify that each bid submitted in response thereto shall contain, as a bid item, adequate sheeting, shoring, and bracing, or equivalent method, for the protection of life or limb, which shall conform to applicable safety orders. Nothing in this section shall be construed to impose tort liability on the body awarding the contract or any of its employees. This section shall not apply to contracts awarded pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 14250) of Part 5 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code.


6708. Every contractor on a construction project, including but not limited to any public works, shall maintain adequate emergency first aid treatment for his employees. As used in this section, "adequate" shall be construed to mean sufficient to comply with the Federal Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (P.L. 91-596).


6710. (a) At every place of employment where explosives are used in the course of employment, there shall be a person licensed pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 7990) of Part 9 of Division 5, to supervise and visually direct the blasting operation. (b) For the purposes of this section, "explosives" shall include, but not be limited to, class A and B explosives, blasting caps, detonating cord, and charges or projectiles used in the control of avalanches. For the purposes of this section, "explosives" shall not include small arms ammunition or class C explosives such as explosive powerpacks in the form of explosive cartridges or explosive-charged construction devices, explosive rivets, bolts, and charges for driving pins and studs, and cartridges for explosive-actuated power devices. (c) This section shall not apply to persons, firms, or corporations licensed pursuant to Part 2 (commencing with Section 12500) of Division 11 of the Health and Safety Code.


6711. (a) The division shall develop and administer an oral and written examination for persons using explosives, as defined in Section 6710, while engaged in snow avalanche blasting. Any person engaged in snow avalanche blasting shall pass this examination prior to being licensed by the division. (b) The division shall select an advisory committee to assist the division in preparing the data and information for the written and oral qualifying examination. The advisory committee shall consist of not less than seven members, nor more than nine members, with at least one representative from explosives manufacturers, snow avalanche blasting consultants, the recreational snow ski industry, a public recreation area, the California Department of Transportation, and the division.

6712. (a) The standards board shall, no later than December 1, 1991, adopt an occupational safety and health standard for field sanitation. The standard shall comply with all of the following: (1) The standard shall be at least as effective as the federal field sanitation standard contained in Section 1928.110 of Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations. (2) The standard shall be at least as effective as California field sanitation requirements in effect as of July 1, 1990, pursuant to Article 4 (commencing with Section 113310) of Chapter 11 of Part 6 of Division 104 of the Health and Safety Code, Article 1 (commencing with Section 118375) of Chapter 1 of Part 15 of Division 104 of the Health and Safety Code, and Section 2441 of this code. (3) The standard shall apply to all agricultural places of employment. (4) The standard shall require that toilets are serviced and maintained in a clean, sanitary condition and kept in good repair at all times, including written records of that service and maintenance. (b) Consistent with its mandatory investigation and reinspection duties under Sections 6309, 6313, and 6320, the division shall develop and implement a special emphasis program for enforcement of the standard for at least two years following its adoption. Not later than March 15, 1995, the division shall also develop a written plan to coordinate its enforcement program with other state and local agencies. The division shall be the lead enforcement agency. Other state and local agencies shall cooperate with the division in the development and implementation of the plan. The division shall report to the Legislature, not later than January 1, 1994, on its enforcement program. The plan shall provide for coordination between the division and local officials in counties where the field sanitation facilities required by the standard adopted pursuant to subdivision (a) are registered by the county health officer or other appropriate official of the county where the facilities are located. The division shall establish guidelines to assist counties that choose to register sanitation facilities pursuant to this section, for developing service charges, fees, or assessments to defray the costs of registering the facilities, taking into consideration the differences between small and large employers. (c) (1) Past violations by a fixed-site or nonfixed-site employer, occurring anywhere in the state within the previous five years, of one or more field sanitation regulations established pursuant to this section, or of Section 1928.110 of Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations, shall be considered for purposes of establishing whether a current violation is a repeat violation under Section 6429. (2) Past violations by a fixed-site or nonfixed-site employer, occurring anywhere in the state within the previous five years, of one or more field sanitation regulations established pursuant to this section, Article 4 (commencing with Section 113310) of Chapter 11 of Part 6 of Division 104 of the Health and Safety Code, Article 1 (commencing with Section 118375) of Part 15 of Division 104 of the Health and Safety Code, or Section 2441 of this code, or of Section 1928.110 of Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations, shall constitute evidence of willfulness for purposes of Section 6429. (d) (1) Notwithstanding Sections 6317 and 6434, any employer who fails to provide the facilities required by the field sanitation standard shall be assessed a civil penalty under the appropriate provisions of Sections 6427 to 6430, inclusive, except that in no case shall the penalty be less than seven hundred fifty dollars ($750) for each violation. (2) Abatement periods fixed by the division pursuant to Section 6317 for violations shall be limited to one working day. However, the division may, pursuant to Section 6319.5, modify the period in cases where a good faith effort to comply with the abatement requirement is shown. The filing of an appeal with the appeals board pursuant to Sections 6319 and 6600 shall not stay the abatement period. (3) An employer cited pursuant to paragraph (1) of this subdivision shall be required to annually complete a field sanitation compliance form which shall list the estimated peak number of employees, the toilets, washing, and drinking water facilities to be provided by the employer, any rental and maintenance agreements, and any other information considered relevant by the division for a period of five years following the citation. The employer shall be required to annually submit the completed form, subscribed under penalty of perjury, to the division, or to an agency designated by the division. (e) The division shall notify the State Department of Health Services and the appropriate local health officers whenever a violation of the standard adopted pursuant to this section may result in the adulteration of food with harmful bacteria or other deleterious substances within the meaning of Article 5 (commencing with Section 110545) of Chapter 5 of Part 5 of Division 104 of the Health and Safety Code. (f) Pending final adoption and approval of the standard required by subdivision (a), the division may enforce the field sanitation standards prescribed by Section 1928.110 of Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations, except subdivision (a) of Section 1928.110, in the same manner as other standards contained in this division.


6716. For the purposes of this division, "lead-related construction work" means any of the following: (a) Any construction, alteration, painting, demolition, salvage, renovation, repair, or maintenance of any building or structure, including preparation and cleanup, that, by using or disturbing lead-containing material or soil, may result in significant exposure of employees to lead as determined by the standard adopted pursuant to Section 6717. (b) The transportation, disposal, storage, or containment of materials containing lead on site or at a location at which construction activities are performed. "Lead-related construction work" does not include any activity related to the manufacture or mining of lead or the installation or repair of automotive materials containing lead.

6717. (a) On or before February 1, 1994, the division shall propose to the standards board for its review and adoption, a standard that protects the health and safety of employees who engage in lead-related construction work and meets all requirements imposed by the federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration. The standards board shall adopt the standard on or before December 31, 1994. The standard shall at least prescribe protective measures appropriate to the work activity and the lead content of materials to be disturbed by the activity, and shall include requirements and specifications pertaining to the following: (1) Sampling and analysis of surface coatings and other materials that may contain significant amounts of lead. (2) Concentrations and amounts of lead in surface coatings and other materials that may constitute a health hazard to employees engaged in lead-related construction work. (3) Engineering controls, work practices, and personal protective equipment, including respiratory protection, fit-testing requirements, and protective clothing and equipment. (4) Washing and showering facilities. (5) Medical surveillance and medical removal protection. (6) Establishment of regulated areas and appropriate posting and warning requirements. (7) Recordkeeping. (8) Training of employees engaged in lead-related construction work and their supervisors, that shall consist of current certification as required by regulations adopted under subdivision (c) of Section 105250 of the Health and Safety Code and include training with respect to at least the following: (A) Health effects of lead exposure, including symptoms of overexposure. (B) The construction activities, methods, processes, and materials that can result in lead exposure. (C) The requirements of the lead standard promulgated pursuant to this section. (D) Appropriate engineering controls, work practices, and personal protection for lead-related work. (E) The necessity for fit-testing for respirator use and how fit-testing is conducted.

6718. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any test procedures adopted by a state agency to determine compliance with vapor emission standards, by vapor recovery systems of cargo tanks on tank vehicles used to transport gasoline, shall not require any person to climb upon the cargo tank during loading operations.


6719. The Legislature reaffirms its concern over the prevalence of repetitive motion injuries in the workplace and reaffirms the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board's continuing duty to carry out Section 6357.


Part 2. Safeguards On Railroads

Chapter 1. Jurisdiction

Ca Codes (lab:6800-6802) Labor Code Section 6800-6802



6800. The division has jurisdiction over: (a) The safety and health of railroad employees employed in offices and in shops devoted to the construction, maintenance or repair of railroad equipment, and all other railroad employees with respect to occupational health, including, but not limited to, air contaminants, noise, sanitation and availability of drinking water. (b) The occupational safety and health of employees of rail rapid transit systems, electric interurban railroads, or street railroads. (c) The safety of employees of all other public utilities as defined in the Public Utilities Act.


6801. The jurisdiction vested in the division shall in no instance, except those affecting exclusively the safety of employees, impair, diminish, or in any way affect the jurisdiction of the Public Utilities Commission over the construction, reconstruction, replacement, maintenance, or operation of the properties of public utilities or over any matter affecting the relationship between public utilities and their customers or the general public.


6802. If the division makes or issues any order, decision, ruling or direction under this chapter which, in the judgment of the Public Utilities Commission, unduly and prejudicially interferes with the construction or operation of any public utility affected thereby, or with the public, or with a consumer or other patron of a public utility affected thereby, the Public Utilities Commission, of its own motion, or upon application of any utility or person so affected, may suspend, modify, alter, or annul such order, decision, ruling, or direction of the commission. The action of the Public Utilities Commission shall supersede and control the order, decision, ruling, or direction of the division previously made.


Chapter 2. Operation Personnel

Ca Codes (lab:6900-6910) Labor Code Section 6900-6910



6900. Notwithstanding Section 6800, the Public Utilities Commission shall enforce the provisions of this chapter.


6900.1. This Act shall be known and cited as the Railroad Anti-Featherbedding Law of 1964.


6900.5. It is the policy of the people of the State of California that featherbedding practices in the railroad industry should be eliminated and that national settlement of labor controversies relating to the manning of trains should be made effective in California. Accordingly the award of the Federal Arbitration Board No. 282 appointed by President John F. Kennedy pursuant to Congressional Public Law 88-108 of August 28, 1963, providing for the elimination of excess firemen and brakemen on diesel powered freight trains, or awards made pursuant thereto, shall be made effective in this State. Said award was the culmination of the proceedings originating with the Presidential Railroad Commission which was appointed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower at the request of both railroad labor and management and reported to President Kennedy on February 26, 1962. Nothing contained in the laws of this State or in any order of any regulatory agency of this State shall prevent a common carrier by railroad from manning its trains in accordance with said award, in accordance with any federal legislation or awards pursuant thereto, or in accordance with any agreement between a railroad company and its employees or their representatives.


6901. (a) No common carrier operating more than four trains each way per day of 24 hours on any main track or branch line of railroad within this state, or on any part of a main track or branch line, shall run or permit to be run, on any part of a main track or branch line, any passenger, mail, or express train on which there is not employed at least one conductor, one brakeman, and the following: (1) One engineer and one fireman for each diesel locomotive. (2) One electric motorman for each train propelled or run by electricity. (3) One motor or power control man for each train propelled by motive power other than diesel or electricity. (4) Two brakemen, where four or more cars, exclusive of railroad officers' private cars, are hauled. (5) One baggageman, except on a train upon which baggage is not hauled, and on gasoline motorcars. (b) This section does not apply to any diesel locomotive weighing 45 tons or less. (c) Paragraph (4) of subdivision (a) does not apply where its application would conflict with the terms of a collective bargaining agreement. (d) Subdivision (a) does not apply to the San Diego Metropolitan Transit Development Board or the North San Diego County Transit Development Board. (e) With respect to commuter train service provided by the San Diego Metropolitan Transit Development Board or the North San Diego County Transit Development Board, there shall be at least one qualified crewmember inside a train car set during revenue service. For the purpose of this subdivision, "revenue service" means service during which passengers are carried or are scheduled to be carried.


6902. (a) For purposes of this section, "revenue service" means passenger train service during which passengers are carried or are scheduled to be carried. (b) For purposes of this section, "local agency" means any city, county, special district, or other public entity in the state, including a charter city or a charter county. (c) Except as otherwise provided by subdivision (e) of Section 6901, during revenue service provided by a local agency, or by any entity under contract with a local agency, there shall be in addition to the train operator at least one qualified employee inside a train car set of six or fewer coaches and at least two qualified employees inside a train car set of seven or more coaches. (d) (1) A request for proposal or request for bid to provide revenue service issued by a local agency shall require compliance with subdivision (c). (2) A contract to provide revenue service awarded by a local agency shall require compliance with subdivision (c). (3) If a court of competent jurisdiction determines that an entity receiving a request for proposal or request for bid from a local agency for revenue service is exempt from the requirements of this section, all other entities that received the same request for proposal or request for bid shall also be exempt from the requirements of this section in responding to that request for proposal or request for bid. (e) This section does not apply to heavy rail transit systems that are owned or operated by a public entity, or to light rail public transit systems.


6904. Nothing in this chapter shall apply to a locomotive or locomotives without cars, except that each locomotive shall have one engineer and one fireman when being moved in train under steam, unless the engine is disabled.

6905. This chapter shall not apply to any relief or wrecking train in any case where a number of employees sufficient to comply with this chapter is not available for service on such relief or wrecking train.

6906. No common carrier shall employ any person as: (a) A locomotive engineer who has not had at least three years' actual service as a locomotive fireman or one year's actual service as a locomotive engineer. (b) A conductor who has not had at least two years' actual service as a railroad brakeman in road service on steam or electric railroad other than street railway, or one year's actual service as a railroad conductor in road service. (c) A brakeman who has not passed the regular examination required by transcontinental railroads.

6907. Nothing in this chapter shall apply to the running or operating of locomotives or motor power cars to and from trains at terminals by hostlers or of steam locomotives or motive power cars to and from engine houses or to the doing of work on steam locomotives or motive power cars at shops or engine-houses.


6908. Any violation of this chapter is a misdemeanor.


6909. Nothing in this chapter shall apply to the operation of any train by a common carrier during times of strikes or walkouts, participated in by any of the employees mentioned in this chapter.


6910. Nothing in this chapter shall apply to gasoline motor cars operated exclusively on branch lines or to trains of less than three cars propelled by electricity.


Chapter 3. Safety Devices

Ca Codes (lab:6950-6956) Labor Code Section 6950-6956



6950. On any railroad train where the engine is accompanied by a tender of the Vanderbilt or similar type of construction and where the clearance between the overhang of the roof of the cab of the engine and the top of the tender accompanying the engine is less than twenty-eight inches, an opening not less than twenty-four inches square shall be cut out in the overhang of the roof of the cab, for the purpose of enabling an engineman with safety to go from the cab of the engine to the top of the tender.


6951. Any railroad company operating a line in whole or in part within this state, or any receiver of any railroad, that fails to comply with any provision of section 6950 is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars ($100) for each offense. Each day that such failure continues is a separate offense.


6952. Every railroad company operating engines within any part of this state shall provide each engine cab with a substantial and safe handrail along the top on each side of the cab extending from the front to the rear of the cab. Every engine cab other than one having front windows of not less than 14 inches in width and 42 inches in height shall be provided and equipped with a substantial and safe footboard, of not less than one and one-half inches, projecting outward from each side of the cab level with the floor and extending from the front to the rear of the cab. Any railroad company, or receiver thereof, which fails to comply with any provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine of two hundred dollars ($200) for each offense. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any railroad company which issued in writing before July 2, 1921, and maintains in force, an order forbidding the engine or train crew to go from the engine cab to that portion of the engine in front of the cab while the cab is in motion.


6953. Any electric car operated in interurban service and any electric locomotive shall be equipped exclusively with laminated safety glass in the compartment of the motorman or engineer, or if there is no compartment, the window in front of the motorman shall be so equipped, if the following conditions concur: (a) The car or locomotive is built after the effective date of this section. (b) The car or locomotive is operated by an overhead wire. (c) The car or locomotive can exceed a speed of 45 miles per hour.


6954. On and after the first day of September, 1946, it shall be unlawful to operate any electric car in interurban service or any electric locomotive which is not so equipped with laminated safety glass.

6955. Laminated safety glass is glass so treated or combined with other materials as to reduce, in comparison with ordinary sheet glass or plate glass, the likelihood of injury to persons, by objects from external sources, or by glass when the glass is cracked or broken.


6956. Any common carrier violating Sections 6953 or 6954 is guilty of a misdemeanor for each violation, punishable by a fine of not less than two hundred dollars ($200) for each offense. Each day that any electric car is operated in interurban service or that any electric locomotive is operated, is a separate offense.


Chapter 4. Trains

Ca Codes (lab:7000) Labor Code Section 7000



7000. As used in this section "caboose" means a caboose forming a part of a train and occupied by employees or caretakers, or both. If conditions warrant it for the safety of the occupants of a caboose the conductor, in using a pusher engine, may place it ahead of the caboose. This section applies only to main line movements of over five miles. This section shall not prevent the use of an electric locomotive at the rear of any train. This section shall not apply in any case of casualty, unavoidable accident, or act of God; nor under circumstances which are the result of a cause not known to, and which could not have been foreseen by, the railroad corporation, or its officer or agent in charge of a train. This section shall not apply to the operation of wrecking, or relief trains.


Part 3. Safety On Buildings

Chapter 1. Buildings Under Construction Or Repair

Article 1. Floors And Walls

Ca Codes (lab:7100-7110) Labor Code Section 7100-7110



7100. As used in this article, "building" means any multifloor building, other than structural steel framed building, more than two stories high in the course of construction.


7101. Every building shall have the joists, beams, or girders of floors below the floor or level where any work is being done, or about to be done, covered with flooring laid close together, or with other suitable material to protect workmen engaged in such building from falling through joists or girders, and from falling substances, whereby life or safety is endangered.


7102. Every building which is of reinforced concrete construction, with reinforced concrete floors, shall have the floor filled in, either with forms or concrete, on each floor before the commencement of work upon the walls of the second floor above or the commencement of work upon the floor of the next floor above.

7103. Every building having wooden floors other than a steel frame building shall have the underflooring, if double flooring is to be used, laid on each floor within the time prescribed above for reinforced concrete floors. Where single wooden floors are to be used, each floor shall be planked over within the time prescribed above for reinforced concrete floors.


7104. If a span of a floor on a building exceeds 13 feet, an intermediate beam shall be used to support the temporary flooring, but spans not to exceed 16 feet may be covered by three-inch planks without an intermediate beam. The intermediate beam shall be of a sufficient strength to sustain a live load of 50 pounds per square foot of the area supported.


7105. If building operations are suspended and the temporary flooring required by this article is removed, the building shall be replanked upon the resumption of work so that every man at work has a covered floor not more than two stories below.


7106. Where a building is being constructed in sections each section constitutes a building for the purpose of this article.


7107. Planked floors on buildings shall be tightly laid together of proper thickness, grade and span to carry the working load; such working load to be assumed as at least 25 pounds per square foot.


7108. Safety belts and nets shall be required in accordance with Article 24 (commencing with Section 1669) of subchapter 4 of Chapter 4 of Part 1 of Title 8 of the California Administrative Code, Construction Safety Orders of the Division of Occupational Safety and Health.


7109. No person shall proceed with any work assigned to or undertaken by him, or require or permit any other person to proceed with work assigned to or undertaken by either, unless the planking or nets required by this article are in place. Violation of this section is a misdemeanor.


7110. The Division of Occupational Safety and Health shall enforce this article.


Article 2. Scaffolding

Ca Codes (lab:7150-7158) Labor Code Section 7150-7158



7150. As used in this article, "scaffolding" includes scaffolding and staging.


7151. If the working platform of any scaffolding swung or suspended from an overhead support is more than 10 feet above the ground, floor or area to which an employee on the scaffolding might fall, it shall have a safety rail of wood or other equally rigid material of adequate strength. The rail shall comply with the applicable orders of the Division of Occupational Safety and Health. Suspended scaffolding shall be fastened so as to prevent the scaffolding from swaying from the building, or structure, or other object being worked on from the scaffolding. All parts of the scaffolding shall be of sufficient strength to support, bear, or withstand with safety any weight of persons, tools, appliances, or materials which might reasonably be placed on it or which are to be supported by it.

7152. In addition to the duties imposed by any law regulating or relating to scaffolding, an employer who uses or permits the use of scaffolding described in Section 7151 in connection with construction, alteration, repairing, painting, cleaning or doing of any work upon any building or structure, shall: (a) Furnish safety lines to tie all hooks and hangers back on the roof of such building or structure. (b) Provide safety lines hanging from the roof, securely tied thereto, for all swinging scaffolds which rely upon stirrups of the single point suspension type to support the working platform. One such line shall be provided for each workman with a minimum of one line between each pair of hangers or falls. The standards board may adopt occupational safety and health standards different from the requirements of this section or grant variances from these requirements if the standards or variances provide equivalent or superior safety for employees.


7153. Platforms or floors of such scaffolding shall be not less than 14 inches in width and shall be free from knots or fractures impairing their strength.

7154.1. The use of lean-to scaffolds, sometimes known as jack scaffolds, as support for scaffolds is hereby prohibited.


7155. Violation of any provision of section 7151 to 7154 inclusive is a misdemeanor.


7156. Any person employing or directing another to do or perform any labor in the construction, alteration, repairing, painting, or cleaning of any house, building, or structure within this state is guilty of a misdemeanor who does any of the following: (a) Knowingly or negligently furnishes or erects, or causes to be furnished or erected for the performance of that labor, unsafe or improper scaffolding, slings, hammers, blocks, pulleys, stays, braces, ladders, irons, ropes, or other mechanical contrivances. (b) Hinders or obstructs any officer or inspector of the Division of Occupational Safety and Health attempting to inspect such equipment under the provisions of this article or any law or safety order of this state. (c) Destroys or defaces, or removes any notice posted thereon by any division officer or inspector, or permits the use thereof, after the equipment has been declared unsafe by the officer or inspector.


7157. The division may make and enforce safety orders in the manner prescribed by law, to supplement and carry into effect the purposes and provisions of this article.


7158. The division shall enforce the provisions of this article.


Article 3. Construction Elevators

Ca Codes (lab:7200-7205) Labor Code Section 7200-7205



7200. As used in this article: (a) "Construction elevator" includes any means used to hoist persons or material of any kind on a building under course of construction, when operated by any power other than muscular power. (b) "Building" includes structures of all kinds during the course of construction, regardless of the purposes for which they are intended and whether such construction be below or above the level of the ground.


7201. Every construction elevator used in buildings shall have a system of signals for the purpose of signaling the person operating or controlling the machinery which operates or controls the construction elevator.

7202. The person in charge of a building shall appoint one or more persons to give such signals. Such person shall be selected from those most familiar with the work for which the construction elevator is being used. The signaling devices provided shall be protected against unauthorized or accidental operation.


7203. The board shall make, and may from time to time amend, general safety orders in the manner prescribed by law. Such orders shall specify and fix the nature and methods of signals and signaling devices and uniform signals to be used in this State under this article.


7204. The division shall inspect all construction elevators. If any part of the construction or system of signals used on a construction elevator is defective or endangers the lives of the persons working in the immediate vicinity of the construction elevator, the division shall direct the person in charge thereof to remedy such defect. Such construction elevator shall not be used again until the order of the division is complied with.


7205. Any person, or the agent or officer thereof, who violates any provision of this article is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars ($100) and not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), or imprisonment in the county jail for not less than 30 days and not more than six months, or both.


Article 4. Structural Steel Framed Buildings

Ca Codes (lab:7250-7267) Labor Code Section 7250-7267



7250. As used in this article "building" means any multifloor structural steel framed building more than two stories high in the course of construction.

7251. As defined above, these provisions shall apply to buildings erected in tiers or stories and shall not apply to steel framed buildings having large open spans or areas such as, mill buildings, gymnasiums, auditoriums, hangars, arenas, or stadiums.


7252. The derrick or working floor of every building shall be solidly decked over its entire surface except for access openings.


7253. There shall be a tight and substantial temporary floor within two floors below and directly under that portion of each tier of beams on which erection, riveting, bolting, welding or painting is being done. For operations of short duration of exposure to falling, safety belts shall be required as set forth in Section 7265.


7254. Temporary floors shall be wood planking of proper thickness, grade and span to carry the working load, but shall not be less than two inches thick, full size undressed.


7255. Provision shall be made to secure temporary flooring against displacement by strong winds or other forces.


7256. Planks shall extend a minimum of 12 inches beyond centerline of their supports at each end.


7257. Wire mesh or plywood (exterior grade) shall be used to cover openings adjacent to columns where planks do not fit tightly.


7258. Metal decking where used in lieu of wood planking shall be of equivalent strength and shall be laid tightly and secured to prevent movement.

7259. Floor planks that are temporarily removed for any reason whatsoever shall be replaced as soon as work requiring their removal is completed or the open area shall be properly guarded.


7260. Prior to removal of temporary floor plank, employees shall be instructed by assigned supervision the steps to be taken to perform the work safely and in proper sequence.


7261. When gathering and stacking temporary floor plank on a lower floor, in preparation for transferring such plank for use on an upper working floor, the steel erector's personnel shall remove such plank successively, working toward the last panel of such floor, so that the work is always being done from the planked floor.


7262. When gathering and stacking temporary floor planks from the last panel, the steel erector's personnel assigned to such work shall be protected by safety belts with life lines attached to a catenary line or other substantial anchorage.


7263. The sequence of erection, bolting, temporary guying, riveting and welding shall be such as to maintain the stability of the structural frame at all times during construction. This applies to the dead weight of the structure, plus weight and working reactions of all construction equipment placed thereon plus any external forces that may be applied.


7264. Where a building is being constructed in sections, each section constitutes a building as defined in Section 7250.


7265. Safety belts and nets shall be required in accordance with Article 24 (commencing with Section 1669) of subchapter 4 of Chapter 4 of Part 1 of Title 8 of the California Administrative Code, Construction Safety Orders of the Division of Occupational Safety and Health.


7266. No person shall proceed with any work assigned to or undertaken by him, or require or permit any other person to proceed with work assigned to or undertaken by either, unless the planking or nets required by this article are in place. Violation of this section is a misdemeanor.


7267. The Division of Occupational Safety and Health shall enforce this article.


Chapter 2. Elevators, Escalators, Platform And Stairway Chair Lifts, Dumbwaiters, Moving Walks,

Automated People Movers, And Other Conveyances Ca Codes (lab:7300-7324.2) Labor Code Section 7300-7324.2



7300. The Legislature finds and declares all of the following: (a) It is the purpose of this chapter to promote public safety awareness and to assure, to the extent feasible, the safety of the public and of workers with respect to conveyances covered by this chapter. (b) The use of unsafe or defective conveyances imposes a substantial probability of serious and preventable injury to employees and the public. The prevention of these injuries and protection of employees and the public from unsafe conditions is in the best interest of the people of this state. Therefore, this chapter also establishes minimum standards for persons operating or maintaining conveyances covered by this chapter. These standards include familiarity with the operation and safety functions of the components and equipment, and documented training or experience or both, which shall include, but not be limited to, recognizing the safety hazards and performing the procedures to which they are assigned in conformance with all legal requirements. (c) This chapter is not intended to prevent the division from implementing regulations, nor to prevent the use of systems, methods, or devices of equivalent or superior quality, strength, fire resistance, code effectiveness, durability, and safety to those required by the law, provided that there is technical documentation to demonstrate that the equivalency of the system, method, or device, is at least as effective as that prescribed in ASME A17.1, ASME A17.3, ASME A18.1, or ASCE 21.


7300.1. As used in this chapter: (a) "ASCE 21" means the Automated People Mover Standards, as adopted by the American Society of Civil Engineers. (b) "ASME A17.1" means the Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators, an American National Standard, as adopted by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. (c) "ASME A17.3" means the Safety Code for Existing Elevators and Escalators, an American National Standard, as adopted by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. (d) "ASME A18.1" means the Safety Standard for Platform Lifts and Stairway Chairlifts, an American National Standard, as adopted by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. (e) "Automated people mover" has the same meaning as defined in ASCE 21. (f) "Board" or "standards board" means the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board. (g) "Certified qualified conveyance company" means any person, firm, or corporation that (1) possesses a valid contractor's license if required by Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 7000) of Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code and (2) is certified as a qualified conveyance company by the division in accordance with this chapter. (h) "Certified competent conveyance mechanic" means any person who has been determined by the division to have the qualifications and ability of a competent journey-level conveyance mechanic and is so certified by the division in accordance with this chapter. (i) "Conveyance" means any elevator, dumbwaiter, escalator, moving platform lift, stairway chairlift, material lift or dumbwaiter with automatic transfer device, automated people mover, or other equipment subject to this chapter. (j) "Division" means the Division of Occupational Safety and Health. (k) "Dormant elevator, dumbwaiter, or escalator" means an installation placed out of service as specified in ASME A17.1 and ASME A18.1. (l) "Elevator" means an installation defined as an "elevator" in ASME A17.1. (m) "Conveyance inspector" means any conveyance safety inspector of the division or other conveyance inspector determined by the division to be qualified pursuant to this chapter. (n) "Escalator" means an installation defined as an "escalator" in ASME A17.1. (o) "Existing installation" means an installation defined as an "installation, existing" in ASME A17.1. (p) "Full maintenance service contract" means an agreement by a certified competent conveyance company and the person owning or having the custody, management, or control of the operation of the conveyance, if the agreement provides that the certified competent conveyance company is responsible for effecting repairs necessary to the safe operation of the equipment and will provide services as frequently as is necessary, but no less often than monthly. (q) "Material alteration" means an alteration as defined in ASME A17.1 or A18.1. (r) "Moving walk" or "moving sidewalk" means an installation defined as a "moving walk" in ASME A17.1. (s) "Permit" means a document issued by the division that indicates that the conveyance has had the required safety inspection and tests and fees have been paid as set forth in this chapter. (t) "Temporary permit" means a document issued by the division which permits the use of a noncompliant conveyance by the general public for a limited time while minor repairs are being completed or until permit fees are paid. (u) "Repair" has the same meaning as defined in ASME A17.1 or A18.1. A "repair" does not require a permit. (v) "Temporarily dormant elevator, dumbwaiter, or escalator" means a conveyance, the power supply of which has been disconnected by removing fuses and placing a padlock on the mainline disconnect switch in the "off" position. In the case of an elevator or dumbwaiter, the car shall be parked and the hoistway doors shall be in the closed and latched position. A wire seal shall be installed on the mainline disconnect switch by a conveyance inspector of the division. The wire seal and padlock shall not be removed for any purpose without permission from a conveyance inspector of the division. A temporarily dormant elevator, dumbwaiter, or escalator shall not be used again until it has been put in safe running order and is in condition for use. Annual inspections by a conveyance inspector shall continue for the duration of the temporarily dormant status. Temporarily dormant status may be renewed annually, but shall not exceed five years. After each inspection, the conveyance inspector shall file a report with the chief of the division describing the current condition of the conveyance. (w) The meanings of building transportation terms not otherwise defined in this section shall be as defined in the latest editions of ASME A17.1 and ASME A18.1.

7300.2. Except as provided in Section 7300.3, this chapter covers the design, erection, construction, installation, material alteration, inspection, testing, maintenance, repair, service, and operation of the following conveyances and their associated parts and hoistways: (a) Hoisting and lowering mechanisms equipped with a car or platform which move between two or more landings. This equipment includes, but is not limited to, the following: (1) Elevators. (2) Platform lifts and stairway chair lifts. (b) Power-driven stairways and walkways for carrying persons between landings. This equipment includes, but is not limited to, the following: (1) Escalators. (2) Moving walks. (c) Hoisting and lowering mechanisms equipped with a car which serve two or more landings and are restricted to the carrying of material by limited size or limited access to the car. This equipment includes, but is not limited to, the following: (1) Dumbwaiters. (2) Material lifts and dumbwaiters with automatic transfer devices. (d) Automatic guided transit vehicles on guideways with an exclusive right-of-way. This equipment includes, but is not limited to, automated people movers.


7300.3. Equipment not covered by this chapter includes the following: (a) Material hoists within the scope of standard A10.5 as adopted by the American National Standards Institute. (b) Mobile scaffolds, towers, and platforms within the scope of standard A92 as adopted by the American National Standards Institute. (c) Powered platforms and equipment for exterior and interior maintenance within the scope of standard 120.1 as adopted by the American National Standards Institute. (d) Cranes, derricks, hoists, hooks, jacks, and slings within the scope of standard B30 as adopted by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. (e) Industrial trucks within the scope of standard B56 as adopted by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. (f) Portable equipment, except for portable escalators that are covered by standard A17.1 as adopted by the American National Standards Institute. (g) Tiering or piling machines used to move materials to and from storage located and operating entirely within one story. (h) Equipment for feeding or positioning materials, including that equipment used with machine tools or printing presses. (i) Skip or furnace hoists. (j) Wharf ramps. (k) Railroad car lifts or dumpers. (l) Line jacks, false cars, shafters, moving platforms, and similar equipment used for installing a conveyance by a contractor licensed in this state.


7300.4. This chapter does not apply to work that is not related to standards for conveyances that are (a) incorporated in codes promulgated by the American National Standards Institute or the American Society of Mechanical Engineers or (b) included in regulations of the division, in effect immediately prior to January 1, 2003, prescribing conveyance safety orders. Work exempted pursuant to this section includes, but is not limited to, routine nonmechanical maintenance, such as cleaning panels and changing light fixtures.

7301. No conveyance shall be operated in this state unless a permit for its operation is issued by or in behalf of the division, and unless the permit remains in effect and is kept posted conspicuously on the conveyance. Operation of a conveyance without a permit or failure to post the permit conspicuously shall constitute cause for the division to prohibit use of the conveyance, unless it can be shown that a request for issuance or renewal of a permit has been made and the request has not been acted upon by the division.


7301.1. (a) On and after June 30, 2003, no conveyance may be erected, constructed, installed, or materially altered, as defined by regulation of the division, unless a permit has been obtained from the division before the work is commenced. A copy of the permit shall be kept at the construction site at all times while the work is in progress and shall be made available for inspection upon request. This section shall not apply to platform lifts and stairway chairlifts installed in a private residence as provided in paragraph (2) or (3) of subdivision (a) of Section 7317. (b) Before March 1, 2003, the division shall establish an application procedure and all requirements for a permit under this section, which shall include the following: (1) At a minimum, the applicant for a permit under this section shall meet all of the following requirements: (A) The applicant shall hold a current elevator contractor's license issued pursuant to Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 7000) of Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code. (B) The applicant shall be a certified qualified conveyance company. (C) The applicant shall submit proof of the following types of insurance coverage, in the form of certified copies of policies or certificates of insurance: (i) Liability insurance to provide general liability coverage of not less than one million dollars ($1,000,000) for the injury or death of any one person or persons in any one occurrence, with coverage of not less than five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000) for property damage in any one occurrence. (ii) Workers' compensation insurance coverage. (D) In the event of any material alteration, nonrenewal, or cancellation of any insurance required by this subparagraph, the applicant or permitholder shall submit written notice thereof to the division within five working days. (2) At a minimum, each application for a permit under this section shall include all of the following: (A) Copies of specifications and accurately scaled and fully dimensioned plans showing the location of the installation in relation to the plans and elevation of the building; the location of the machinery room and the equipment to be installed, relocated, or altered; and all structural supporting members thereof, including foundations. The plans and specifications shall identify all materials to be employed and all loads to be supported or conveyed. The plans and specifications shall be sufficiently complete to illustrate all details of construction and design. (B) The name, residence, and business address of the applicant and each partner, or for a corporation, the principal officers and anyone who is authorized to accept service of process or official notices; the number of years the applicant has engaged in the business of constructing, erecting, installing, or altering conveyances; and the approximate number of persons to be employed on the permitted job. (C) The permit fee. (3) The division shall establish, and may from time to time amend, a fee for a permit under this section in an amount sufficient to defray the division's actual costs in administering the permit process, including the costs of investigation, revocation, or other associated costs. Permit fees collected by the division are nonrefundable. (c) (1) The permit shall expire when the work authorized by that permit is not commenced within six months after the date of issuance, or within a shorter period as the division may specify at the time the permit is issued. (2) The permit shall expire following commencement of work, if the permitholder suspends or abandons the work for a period of 60 days, or for a shorter period of time as the division may specify at the time the permit is issued. (3) Upon application and for good cause shown, the division may extend a permit that would otherwise expire under this subdivision. (d) The division may revoke any permit at any time, upon good cause, and after notice and an opportunity to be heard.


7301.5. (a) The standards board shall adopt regulations pertaining to conveyances, including, but not limited to, conveyance emergency and signal devices, and the operation of conveyances under fire and other emergency conditions. (b) Before January 1, 2003, the division shall establish an application procedure and all requirements for certification under this subdivision as an emergency certified competent conveyance mechanic. To ensure the safety of the public when a disaster or other emergency exists within the state and the number of certified competent conveyance mechanics in the state is insufficient to cope with the emergency, any certified qualified conveyance company may, within five business days after commencing work requiring certified competent conveyance mechanics, apply to the division, on behalf of all persons performing the work who are not certified competent conveyance mechanics, for certification as emergency certified competent conveyance mechanics. Any person for whom emergency certification is sought under this subdivision shall be certified by a certified qualified conveyance company to have an acceptable combination of documented experience and education to perform work covered by this chapter without direct and immediate supervision. The certified qualified conveyance company shall furnish proof of competency as the division may require. The division shall issue an emergency certified competent conveyance mechanic certificate upon receipt of acceptable documentation and payment of the required fee. Each certificate issued pursuant to this subdivision shall recite that it is valid for a period of 30 days from the date of issuance and for those particular conveyances and geographical areas as the division may designate, and otherwise shall entitle the person being certified to the rights and privileges of a certified competent conveyance mechanic as set forth in this chapter. The division shall renew an emergency certified competent conveyance mechanic certificate during the existence of the emergency. (c) Before January 1, 2004, the division shall establish an application procedure and all requirements for certification under this subdivision as a temporary certified competent conveyance mechanic. If there are no certified qualified conveyance mechanics available to perform elevator work, a certified qualified conveyance company may apply to the division for certification of one or more temporary certified competent conveyance mechanics. Any person seeking to work as a temporary certified competent conveyance mechanic shall, before beginning work, be approved by the division as having an acceptable combination of documented experience and education to perform work covered by this chapter without direct and immediate supervision. The certified qualified conveyance company shall furnish proof of competency as the division may require. The division may issue a temporary certified competent conveyance mechanic certificate upon acceptable documentation and payment of the required fee. Each certificate issued pursuant to this subdivision shall recite that it is valid for a period of 30 days from the date of issuance and while the certificate holder is employed by the certified qualified conveyance company that certified the individual as competent. The certificate shall be renewable as long as the shortage of certified competent conveyance mechanics continues.


7302. The operation of a conveyance without a permit by any person owning or having the custody, management, or control of the operation of the conveyance, is a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), imprisonment in the county jail for not more than 10 days, or by both that fine and imprisonment. Each day of operation for each conveyance without a permit is a separate offense. Any person who has requested the issuance or renewal of a permit if the request has not been acted upon by the division may not be prosecuted for a violation of this section.


7302.1. (a) Any person who contracts for or authorizes the erection, construction, installation, or material alteration of a conveyance without a permit in violation of Section 7301.1 is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than seventy thousand dollars ($70,000), imprisonment in the county jail for not more than one year, or by both that fine and imprisonment. (b) Any employer or contractor who contracts for or engages in the erection, construction, installation, or material alteration of a conveyance without a permit in violation of Section 7301.1 is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than seventy thousand dollars ($70,000), imprisonment in the county jail for not more than one year, or by both that fine and imprisonment.


7302.2. The division may assess a civil penalty of not more than seventy thousand dollars ($70,000) against any person, and against any employer or contractor, who contracts for or authorizes the erection, construction, installation, or material alteration of a conveyance without a permit issued pursuant to Section 7301.1.


7303. (a) Whenever any conveyance is operated without a current valid permit issued pursuant to Section 7304, and is in a condition that its use is dangerous to the life or safety of any person, the division or any affected person may apply to the superior court of the county in which the conveyance is located for an injunction restraining the operation of the conveyance until the condition is corrected. Proof by certification of the division that a permit has not been issued, has expired, or has been revoked, together with the affidavit of any safety inspector of the division or other expert that the operation of the conveyance is dangerous to the life or safety of any person, is sufficient ground, in the discretion of the court, for the immediate granting of a temporary restraining order. (b) No bond shall be required from the division as a prerequisite for the division to seek or obtain any restraining order under subdivision (a). (c) Any person who intentionally violates any injunction prohibiting the operation of the conveyance issued pursuant to subdivision (a) shall be liable for a civil penalty, to be assessed by the division, not to exceed seven thousand dollars ($7,000) for each violation. Each day of operation for each conveyance is a separate violation.


7304. (a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), the division shall cause all conveyances to be inspected at least once each year. If a conveyance is found upon inspection to be in a safe condition for operation, a permit for operation for not longer than one year shall be issued by the division. (b) If a conveyance is subject to a full maintenance service contract, the division may, after investigation and inspection, issue a permit for operation for not longer than two years.


7305. If inspection shows that a conveyance is in an unsafe condition, the division may issue a preliminary order requiring repairs or alterations to be made to the conveyance that are necessary to render it safe, and may prohibit its operation or use until the repairs or alterations are made or the unsafe conditions are removed.


7306. Unless the preliminary order is complied with, a hearing before the division shall be allowed, upon request, at which the owner, operator, or other person in charge of the conveyance may appear and show cause why he or she should not comply with the order.


7307. (a) If it thereafter appears to the division that the conveyance is unsafe and that the requirements contained in the preliminary order should be complied with, or that other things should be done to make the conveyance safe, the division may order or confirm the withholding of the permit and may impose requirements as it deems proper for the repair or alteration of the conveyance or for the correction of the unsafe condition. The order may thereafter be reheard by the division or reviewed by the courts in the manner specified for safety orders by Part 1 (commencing with Section 6300) of this division, and not otherwise. (b) The operation of a conveyance by any person owning or having the custody, management, or control of the operation thereof, while an order to repair is outstanding pursuant to subdivision (a), is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than seven thousand dollars ($7,000), by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than 30 days, or by both that fine and imprisonment. Each day of operation for each conveyance without a permit is a separate offense.


7308. If the operation of a conveyance during the making of repairs or alterations is not immediately dangerous to the safety of persons, the division may issue a temporary permit for its operation for a period not to exceed 30 days during the making of repairs or alterations.


7309. The division may cause the inspection herein provided for to be made either by its safety inspectors or by any qualified elevator inspector employed by an insurance company.


7309.1. (a) On and after June 30, 2003, no conveyance subject to this chapter shall be reinspected by any person unless the person is a conveyance inspector employed by the division or certified as qualified by the division. (b) Before March 1, 2003, the division shall establish an application procedure and all requirements for the certification of conveyance inspectors. Each application for certification shall include information as the division may require and the applicable fee. At a minimum, the applicant shall present proof of certification as a qualified conveyance inspector by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers or proof of education and experience equivalent to what is required to obtain that certification from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

7310. The division may also issue its permit or a permit may be issued on its behalf based upon a certificate of inspection issued by a conveyance inspector of any municipality, upon proof to the satisfaction of the division that the safety requirements of the municipality are equal to the minimum safety requirements for conveyances adopted by the board.


7311. All persons inspecting conveyances shall first secure from the division a certificate of competency to make those inspections. The division may determine the competency of any applicant for the certificate, either by examination or by other satisfactory proof of qualifications. The division may rescind at any time, upon good cause being shown therefor, and after hearing, if requested, any certificate of competency issued by it to a conveyance inspector.


7311.1. (a) On and after June 30, 2003, no conveyance subject to this chapter shall be erected, constructed, installed, materially altered, tested, maintained, repaired, or serviced by any person, firm, or corporation unless the person, firm, or corporation is certified by the division as a certified qualified conveyance company. A copy of the certificate shall be kept at the site of the conveyance at all times while any work is in progress, and shall be made available for inspection upon request. However, certification under this section is not required for removing or dismantling conveyances that are destroyed as a result of the complete demolition of a secured building or structure or where the hoistway or wellway is demolished back to the basic support structure and no access is permitted that would endanger the safety of any person. This section does not apply to platform lifts and stairway chairlifts installed in a private residence as provided in paragraph (2) or (3) of subdivision (a) of Section 7317. (b) Before March 1, 2003, the division shall establish an application procedure and all requirements for certification under this section as a certified qualified conveyance company, consistent with this section. At a minimum, the individual qualifying on behalf of a corporation, the owner on behalf of a sole ownership, or the partners on behalf of a partnership, shall meet either of the following requirements: (1) Five years' work experience at a journeyperson level in the conveyance industry in construction, installation, alteration, testing, maintenance, and service and repair of conveyances covered by this chapter. This experience shall be verified by current and previously licensed elevator contractors or by current and previously certified qualified conveyance companies. (2) Satisfactory completion of a written examination administered by the division on the most recent applicable codes and standards. (c) At a minimum, each application for certification as a certified qualified conveyance company shall include: (1) The name, residence and business address, and telephone numbers and other means to contact the sole owner or each partner, or for a corporation of the principal officers and the individual qualifying for the corporation; the number of years the applicant business has engaged in the business of constructing, maintaining, and service and repair of conveyances; and other information as the division may require. (2) The fee required by this chapter. (d) Before bidding for or engaging in any work covered by this chapter, a certified qualified conveyance company shall submit proof to the division by certified copies of policies or certificates of insurance, of all of the following: (1) Liability insurance providing general liability coverage of not less than one million dollars ($1,000,000) for injury or death of any one person or persons in any one occurrence, with coverage of not less than five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000) for property damage of any one person or persons in any one occurrence. (2) Workers' compensation insurance coverage. (3) In the event of any material alteration or cancellation of any policy specified in paragraph (1) or (2), the certified qualified conveyance company shall provide written notice thereof to the division within five working days. (e) An elevator company subject to this chapter shall disclose its status as a certified qualified conveyance company prior to bidding on a project or prior to contracting for services. The disclosure shall be in writing and located in a conspicuous place on the bid documents or contract in at least 10-point type.


7311.2. (a) On and after June 30, 2003, except as provided in subdivisions (b) and (c) of Section 7301.5, any person who, without supervision, erects, constructs, installs, alters, tests, maintains, services or repairs, removes, or dismantles any conveyance covered by this chapter, shall be certified as a certified competent conveyance mechanic by the division. This section does not apply to platform lifts and stairway chairlifts installed in a private residence as provided in paragraph (2) or (3) of subdivision (a) of Section 7317. (b) Before March 1, 2003, the division shall establish an application procedure and all requirements for certification under this section as a certified competent conveyance mechanic, consistent with all of the following: (1) At a minimum, a certified competent conveyance mechanic applicant shall meet both of the following requirements: (A) Three years' work experience in the conveyance industry in construction, maintenance, and service and repair of conveyances covered by this chapter. This experience shall be verified by current and previously licensed elevator contractors or by current and previously certified qualified conveyance companies, as required by the division. (B) One of the following: (i) Satisfactory completion of a written examination administered by the division on the most recent applicable codes and standards. (ii) A certificate of completion and successfully passing the mechanic examination of a nationally recognized training program for the conveyance industry, such as the National Elevator Industry Educational Program or its equivalent. (iii) A certificate of completion of an apprenticeship program for elevator mechanic, having standards substantially equal to those of this chapter, and which program shall be registered with the Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training of the United States Department of Labor or a state apprenticeship council. (iv) A certificate or license from another state having standards substantially equal to or more comprehensive than those of this chapter. (v) The applicant applies on or before December 31, 2003, and within the three years immediately prior to January 1, 2003, has documented at least three years of actual work experience in the conveyance industry in construction, maintenance, and service and repair of conveyances covered by this chapter. This experience shall be as a journey-level mechanic working without direct and immediate supervision, and shall be verified by currently and previously licensed conveyance contractors or by current and previously certified qualified conveyance companies, as required by the division. (2) At a minimum, each application for certification as a certified competent conveyance mechanic shall include the information required by the division and the fee required by this chapter.


7311.25. (a) The following meanings apply for purposes of this section: (1) "Agricultural production, processing, and handling facilities" includes grain elevators, feed mills, flour mills, rice mills, rice dryers, and other similar facilities. (2) "Applicable Elevator Safety Orders" means the Elevator Safety Orders referenced in Subchapter 6 (commencing with Section 3000) of Chapter 4 of Division 1 of Title 8 of the California Code of Regulations, and any successors to those orders. (b) Notwithstanding Section 7311.2 or any other provision of this chapter, an owner or operator of agricultural production, processing, and handling facilities may designate a competent person in his or her employ to maintain, repair, service, lubricate, or test manlifts installed and used at the facilities if the manlifts are maintained and inspected in accordance with applicable Elevator Safety Orders. The designated competent person need not be a certified competent conveyance mechanic.


7311.3. (a) A certificate issued by the division to the certified qualified conveyance inspector, certified qualified conveyance company, or certified competent conveyance mechanic as set forth in Sections 7309.1, 7311.1, and 7311.2, shall have a term of two years. The fee for biennial renewal shall be established by the division in an amount sufficient to defray the division's costs of administering this chapter. (b) The renewal of all certificates issued under this chapter shall be conditioned upon the submission of a certificate of completion of a course designed to ensure the continuing education of certificate holders on new and existing provisions of the regulations of the board. This continuing education course shall consist of not less than eight hours of instruction that shall be attended and completed within one year immediately preceding any certificate renewal. (c) The courses shall be taught by instructors through continuing education providers that may include, but not be limited to, division programs, association seminars, and joint labor-management apprenticeship and journeyman upgrade training programs. The division shall approve the continuing education providers and curriculum. All instructors shall be approved by the division and shall be exempt from the requirements of subdivision (b), provided that the applicant is qualified as an instructor at any time during the one-year period immediately preceding the scheduled date for renewal. (d) A certificate holder who is unable to complete the continuing education course required under this section prior to the expiration of his or her certificate due to a temporary disability may apply for a waiver from the division. Waiver applications shall be submitted to the division on a form provided by the division. Waiver applications shall be signed and accompanied by a declaration signed by a competent physician attesting to the applicant's temporary disability. Upon the termination of the temporary disability, the certificate holder shall submit to the division a declaration from the same physician, if practicable, attesting to the termination of the temporary disability, and a waiver sticker, valid for 90 days, shall be issued to the certificate holder and affixed to his or her certificate. (e) Continuing education providers approved by the division shall keep uniform records, for a period of 10 years, of attendance of certificate holders, following a format approved by the division. These records shall be available for inspection by the division at its request. Approved continuing education providers shall keep secure all attendance records and certificates of completion. Falsifying or knowingly allowing another to falsify attendance records or certificates of completion of continuing education provided pursuant to this section shall constitute grounds for suspension or revocation of the approval required under this section.


7311.4. (a) The division shall establish fees for initial and renewal applications for certification under this chapter as a certified qualified conveyance inspector, certified qualified conveyance company, or certified competent conveyance mechanic based upon the actual costs involved with the certification process, including the cost of developing and administering any tests as well as any costs related to continuing education, investigation, revocation, or other associated costs. (b) Fees collected pursuant to this chapter are nonrefundable.


7311.5. (a) A person, firm, or corporation that maintains and repairs solely special purpose personnel elevators on cranes that utilize a rack and pinion system in marine terminals as part of crane maintenance activities qualifies as a certified qualified conveyance company under Section 7311.1 if the individual qualifying individually or on behalf of the firm or corporation has five years' work experience at a journeyperson level in the crane maintenance industry, including experience in the maintenance and repair of crane elevators. This experience shall be verified by a person, firm, or corporation in the business of maintaining and repairing cranes in marine terminals. (b) A person qualifies as a certified competent conveyance mechanic under Section 7311.2 if the person has three years' work experience in the crane maintenance industry, including experience in the maintenance and repair of crane elevators, as a journey-level mechanic without direct and immediate supervision. This experience shall be verified by a crane maintenance company approved as a certified qualified conveyance company pursuant to subdivision (a). (c) The certifications obtained pursuant to this section may only be used for the limited purposes of maintaining and repairing special purpose personnel elevators on cranes that utilize a rack and pinion system in marine terminals. (d) A person, firm, or corporation that qualifies for certification as a certified qualified conveyance company or certified competent conveyance mechanic is not authorized to perform any of the following procedures: (1) Any work on a conveyance other than a special purpose personnel elevator on cranes that utilize a rack and pinion system in marine terminals. (2) Any work related to new elevator installations. (3) Any modifications or alterations of existing elevator systems. (4) Testing or replacing of emergency brakes, centrifugal brakes, emergency safety devices, or electrical systems. (5) Annual certifications of any type of conveyance or elevator. (e) The certifications authorized by this section require experience but do not require an examination because the general examination given pursuant to this chapter is inapplicable to the work described in this section. The division is not required to set up specialty examinations to certify persons pursuant to this chapter. (f) For purposes of this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings: (1) "Special purpose personnel elevators" shall have the same meaning as defined in Section 3085 of Title 8 of the California Code of Regulations. (2) "Marine terminal" shall have the same meaning as used in Section 3460 of Title 8 of the California Code of Regulations. (g) Nothing in this section exempts a person, firm, or corporation applying for certification as a certified qualified conveyance company or a certified competent conveyance mechanic under this section from paying the administration fees required under this chapter.

7312. The division may at any time, upon good cause being shown therefor, and after notice and an opportunity to be heard, revoke any permit to operate a conveyance.


7313. Each conveyance inspector shall, within 21 days after he or she makes an inspection, forward to the division on forms provided by it, a report of the inspection. Failure to comply with this section shall be grounds for the division to cancel his or her certificate.


7314. (a) The division may fix and collect fees for the inspection of conveyances as it deems necessary to cover the actual costs of having the inspection performed by a division safety engineer, including administrative costs, and the costs related to regulatory development as required by Section 7323. An additional fee may, in the discretion of the division, be charged for necessary subsequent inspections to determine if applicable safety orders have been complied with. The division may fix and collect fees for field consultations regarding conveyances as it deems necessary to cover the actual costs of the time spent in the consultation by a division safety engineer, including administrative and travel expenses. (b) Notwithstanding Section 6103 of the Government Code, the division may collect the fees authorized by subdivision (a) from the state or any county, city, district, or other political subdivision. (c) Whenever a person owning or having the custody, management, or operation of a conveyance fails to pay the fees required under this chapter within 60 days after the date of notification, he or she shall pay, in addition to the fees required under this chapter, a penalty fee equal to 100 percent of the fee. Failure to pay fees within 60 days after the date of notification constitutes cause for the division to prohibit use of the conveyance. (d) Any fees required pursuant to this section shall be set forth in regulations that shall be adopted as emergency regulations. These emergency regulations shall not be subject to the review and approval of the Office of Administrative Law pursuant to the provisions of the Administrative Procedure Act provided for in Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code. These regulations shall become effective immediately upon filing with the Secretary of State. (e) For purposes of this section, the date of the invoice assessing a fee pursuant to this section shall be considered the date of notification.


7315. Fees shall be paid before the issuance of any permit to operate a conveyance, but a temporary permit may be issued pending receipt of fee payment. No fee may be charged by the division where an inspection has been made by an inspector of an insurance company or municipality if that inspector holds a certificate as a conveyance inspector and an inspection report is filed with the division within 21 days after inspection is made.


7316. All fees collected by the division under this chapter shall be paid into the Elevator Safety Account which is hereby created for the administration of the division's conveyance safety program. The division shall establish criteria upon which fee charges are based and prepare an annual report concerning revenues obtained and expenditures appropriated for the conveyance safety program. The division shall file the report with the Legislative Analyst, the Joint Legislative Audit Committee, and the Department of Finance.


7317. (a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), the following conveyances are exempt from this chapter: (1) Conveyances under the jurisdiction of the United States government. (2) Conveyances located in a single-unit private home and not accessible to the public. (3) Conveyances located in a multiunit residential building serving no more than two dwelling units and not accessible to the public. (b) Conveyances otherwise exempted pursuant to paragraph (3) of subdivision (a) shall be inspected by the division upon completion of installation prior to being placed in service or after major alterations. The inspection shall be for safety and compliance with orders or regulations applicable to the type of conveyance installed.


7318. Nothing in this chapter limits the authority of the division to prescribe or enforce general or special safety orders.


7319. All elevators used for the carriage of passengers shall be provided with a suitable seat for the operator in charge. Failure to comply with this section is a misdemeanor punishable by a fine not exceeding fifty dollars ($50) for each offense.


7320. The division may assess a civil penalty not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000) against any person owning or having custody, management, or control of the operation of a conveyance, who operates the conveyance without a permit or who fails to conspicuously post the permit in the conveyance. No penalty shall be assessed against any person who has requested the issuance or renewal of a permit and the request has not been acted upon by the division.


7321. (a) The division may assess a civil penalty not to exceed seventy thousand dollars ($70,000) against any person owning or having custody, management, or control of the operation of a conveyance, who operates or permits the operation of the conveyance in a condition that is dangerous to the life or safety of any person, or who operates or permits the operation of the conveyance in violation of an order prohibiting use issued pursuant to Section 7301, 7305, or 7314. (b) The division shall issue an order prohibiting use and may assess a civil penalty not to exceed seventy thousand dollars ($70,000) against any person who constructs, installs, or materially alters a conveyance without a permit issued pursuant to Section 7301.1 that is dangerous to the life or safety of any person.


7321.5. The division shall enforce Sections 7320 and 7321 by issuance of a citation and notice of civil penalty in a manner consistent with Sections 6317 and 6319. Any person owning or having custody, management, or control of the operation of a conveyance who receives a citation and notice of civil penalty may appeal to the Occupational Safety and Health Appeals Board in a manner consistent with Section 6319.


7322. (a) Once an authorized representative of the division has issued an order prohibiting the use of a conveyance as specified in Sections 7301, 7305, 7314, or subdivision (b) of Section 7321, the person owning or having custody, management, or operation of the conveyance may contest the order and shall be granted, upon request, a hearing to review the validity of the order. The hearing shall be held no later than 10 working days following receipt of the request for hearing. (b) After a notice is attached as provided in Section 7305 or subdivision (b) of Section 7321, every person who enters or uses, or directs or causes another to enter or use, any conveyance before it is made safe, or who defaces, destroys, or removes the notice without the authority of the division, is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than seventy thousand dollars ($70,000), by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than one year, or by both that fine and imprisonment. (c) After a notice is attached for failure to comply with the requirements of Section 7301 or 7314, every person who enters or uses, or directs or causes another to enter or use, any conveyance before it is made safe, or who defaces, destroys, or removes the notice without the authority of the division, is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than seven thousand dollars ($7,000), imprisonment in the county jail for not more than six months, or by both that fine and imprisonment.


7323. The division shall propose to the standards board for review, and the standards board shall adopt, regulations for the equipment covered by this chapter. Not later than December 31, 2003, the division shall propose final rulemaking proposals to the standards board for review and adoption, which shall include provisions at least as effective as ASME A17.1, ASME A17.3, ASME A18.1, and ASCE 21, as in effect prior to September 30, 2002. Not later than nine months after the effective date of any revision or any substantive revision to any addendum to these codes, the division shall propose additional final rulemaking proposals to the standards board for review and adoption at least as effective as those in the revised code or addendum. The standards board shall notice the division's final rulemaking proposals for public hearing within three months of their receipt and shall adopt the proposed regulations promptly and in accordance with subdivision (b) of Section 11346.4 of the Government Code.

7324. Individuals, firms, or companies certified as described in this chapter shall ensure that installation, service, and maintenance of conveyances are performed in compliance with the provisions contained in the State Fire Prevention and Building Code and with generally accepted standards referenced in that code.


7324.1. This chapter shall not be construed to relieve or lessen the responsibility or liability of any person, firm, or corporation owning, operating, controlling, maintaining, erecting, constructing, installing, altering, testing, or repairing any conveyance or other related mechanisms covered by this chapter for damages to any person or property caused by any defect therein.


7324.2. The provisions of this chapter added or amended by the act enacting this section shall not be applied retroactively. Equipment subject to this chapter shall be required to comply with the applicable standards in effect on the date of its installation or within the period determined by the board for compliance with ASME A17.3, whichever is more stringent.


Chapter 3. Safety Devices Upon Buildings To Safeguard Window Cleaners

Ca Codes (lab:7325-7332) Labor Code Section 7325-7332



7325. "Building," as used in this chapter, means any building three stories or more in height, and whether heretofore constructed or hereafter to be constructed, including commercial buildings of all types, office buildings, apartment houses, hotels and buildings used for manufacturing purposes, but excluding dwelling houses occupied by not more than three families, and excluding all buildings constructed with windows that may be, and are, entirely washed and cleaned from inside the building or from a sitting position on the window sill in the manner provided by safety orders issued, or which may be issued from time to time, by the division.


7326. There shall be securely attached to the outside window sills or frames of the window of any building, rings, bolts, lugs, fittings, or other devices to which may be fastened safety belts or other devices to be used, or which may hereafter be used by persons engaged in cleaning windows. The division shall, prior to the installation of any such bolts, lugs, rings, fittings, or other devices, approve such bolts, lugs, rings, fittings, or other devices as to their design, durability, and safety. Except as provided in Section 18930 of the Health and Safety Code, the division shall by appropriate rules and orders designate the manner in which said safety devices are to be attached, installed, and used.


7327. In lieu of the safety devices enumerated in Section 7326, the division may approve the installation or use of any other devices or means which will effectively safeguard persons engaged in cleaning windows.

7328. Any person employing, directing or permitting another to do or perform any labor upon any windows which have not the safety devices as provided for in Sections 7326 and 7327 shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

7329. Every person owning or entitled to possession, under any lease, sublease, or agreement for a longer period than one year, or under any renewal lease, sublease, or agreement for a period of less than one year, of any building heretofore constructed shall, within six months following the effective date of this chapter, install and provide the safety devices as provided for in this chapter, and thereafter maintain such safety devices in good condition. Any person failing to install or provide and maintain said safety devices as provided for in this chapter shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.


7330. Every person who fails to provide the safety devices as set forth in this chapter upon any building hereafter to be constructed, and who thereafter fails to maintain such devices in good condition, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

7331. The division may make and enforce such safety orders and rules as it considers necessary and proper to carry into effect the purposes and provisions of this chapter. The division shall give notice to the owner or person entitled to possession of any building that is existing in violation of this chapter or of any rules issued under this chapter. Failure of the person so notified to comply with this chapter and rules issued under it, within 15 days, shall be authority for the division to proceed against such person as authorized in this chapter.


7332. The division shall enforce the provisions of this chapter.


Chapter 4. Aerial Passenger Tramways

Ca Codes (lab:7340-7357) Labor Code Section 7340-7357



7340. As used in this chapter: (a) "Aerial passenger tramway" includes any method or device used primarily for the purpose of transporting persons by means of cables or ropes suspended between two or more points or structures. (b) "Permit" means a permit issued by the division to operate an aerial passenger tramway in any place.


7341. No aerial passenger tramway shall be operated in any place in this state unless a permit for the operation thereof is issued by the division, and unless such permit remains in effect and is kept posted conspicuously in the main operating terminal of the tramway.


7342. The operation of an aerial passenger tramway by any person owning or having the custody, management, or operation thereof without a permit is a misdemeanor, and each day of operation without a permit is a separate offense. No prosecution shall be maintained where the issuance or renewal of a permit has been requested and remains unacted upon.


7343. Whenever an aerial passenger tramway in any place is being operated without the permit herein required, and is in such condition that its use is dangerous to the life or safety of any person, the division, or any person affected thereby, may apply to the superior court of the county in which the aerial passenger tramway is located for an injunction restraining the operation of the aerial passenger tramway until the condition is corrected. Proof by certification of the division that a permit has not been issued, together with the affidavit of any safety engineer of the division that the operation of the aerial passenger tramway is dangerous to the life or safety of any person, is sufficient ground, in the discretion of the court, for the immediate granting of a temporary restraining order.


7344. (a) The division shall cause all aerial passenger tramways to be inspected at least two times each year. (b) At least one of the inspections required by subdivision (a) shall take place between November 15 of each year and March 15 of the succeeding year. (c) If an aerial passenger tramway is found upon inspection to be in a safe condition for operation, a permit for operation for not longer than one year shall be issued by the division.


7345. If inspection shows an aerial passenger tramway to be in an unsafe condition, the division may issue a preliminary order requiring repairs or alterations to be made to the aerial passenger tramway which are necessary to render it safe, and may order the operation or use thereof discontinued until the repairs or alterations are made or the unsafe conditions are removed.


7346. Unless the preliminary order is complied with, a hearing before the division shall be allowed, upon request, at which the owner, operator, or other person in charge of the aerial passenger tramway may appear and show cause why he should not comply with the order.


7347. If it thereafter appears to the division that the aerial passenger tramway is unsafe and that the requirements contained in the preliminary order should be complied with, or that other things should be done to make such aerial passenger tramway safe, the division may order or confirm the withholding of the permit and may make such requirements as it deems proper for its repair or alteration or for the correction of such unsafe condition. Such order may thereafter be reheard by the division or reviewed by the courts in the manner specified for safety orders by Part 1 of this division and not otherwise.

7348. If the operation of an aerial passenger tramway during the making of repairs or alterations is not immediately dangerous to the safety of employees or others, the division may issue a temporary permit for the operation thereof for not to exceed 30 days during the making of repairs or alterations.


7349. The inspection herein provided for shall be made by a division safety engineer or, on ski lifts, by a certified tramway inspector qualified under Section 7354.5 and employed by a licensed insurance company. A temporary permit for operation may be issued by a division engineer or by the qualified insurance inspector, on a form furnished by the division, under conditions of Sections 7348 and 7351.


7350. (a) The division may fix and collect fees for the inspection of aerial passenger tramways as it deems necessary to cover the actual cost of having the inspection performed by a division safety engineer. The division may not charge for inspections performed by certified insurance inspectors, but may charge a fee of not more than ten dollars ($10) to cover the cost of processing the permit when issued by the division as a result of the inspection. Notwithstanding Section 6103 of the Government Code, the division may collect the fees authorized by this section from the state or any county, city, district, or other political subdivision. (b) Whenever a person owning or having custody, management, or operation of an aerial passenger tramway fails to pay any fee required under this chapter within 60 days after the date of notification by the division, the division shall assess a penalty fee equal to 100 percent of the initial fee. For purposes of this section, the date of the invoice fixing the fee shall be considered the date of notification.


7351. Fees shall be paid before issuance of a permit to operate an aerial passenger tramway, except that the division, at its own discretion, may issue a temporary operating permit not to exceed 30 days, pending receipt of payment of fees.


7352. All fees collected by the division under this chapter shall be deposited into the Elevator Safety Account to support the division' s aerial passenger tramway inspection program.


7353. No aerial passenger tramway shall be constructed or altered until the plans and design information have been properly certified to the division by an engineer qualified under the Civil and Professional Engineers Act (Chapter 7, commencing with Section 6700, of Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code). Any person who owns, has custody of, manages, or operates an aerial passenger tramway shall notify the division prior to any major repair of such tramway.

7354. The division shall not issue an operating permit to operate an aerial passenger tramway until it receives certification in writing by an engineer qualified under the Civil and Professional Engineers Act (Chapter 7, commencing with Section 6700, of Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code) that the erection work on such tramway has been completed in accordance with the design and erection plans for such tramway.


7354.5. Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, in any case in which an insurer admitted to transact insurance in this state has inspected or caused to be inspected, by a qualified, licensed professional engineer who is registered in California pursuant to Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 6700) of Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code, any aerial passenger tramway used as a ski lift, the division may, if it finds such inspections were made according to the provisions of subdivisions (a) and (b) of Section 7344, accept such inspections in lieu of any other inspections for that year, except that the initial inspection of a new ski lift or of a major alteration to an existing ski lift shall be performed by a division safety engineer. Such private inspector shall, before commencing his duties therein, secure from the division a certificate of competency to make such inspections. The division may determine the competency of any applicant for such certificate, either by examination or by other satisfactory proof of qualification. The division may rescind at any time, upon good cause being shown therefor, and after hearing, if requested, any certificate of competency issued by it to a ski lift inspector. The inspection reports made to the division shall be in such form and content as the division may find necessary for acceptance as a proper inspection made by such private inspector.

7355. Nothing in the foregoing sections of this chapter shall limit the authority of the division to prescribe or enforce general or special safety orders.

7356. The division shall, under the authority of Section 7355, promulgate and cause to be published safety orders directing each owner or operator of an aerial passenger tramway to report to the division each known incident where the maintenance, operation, or use of such tramway results in injury to any person, unless such injury does not require medical service other than ordinary first aid treatment.


7357. The division shall establish standards for the qualification of persons engaged in the operation of aerial passenger tramways, whether as employees or otherwise. The standards shall be consistent with the general objective of this chapter in providing for the safety of members of the public who use aerial passenger tramways and those engaged in their operation.


Chapter 5. Cranes

Article 1. Permits For Tower Cranes

Ca Codes (lab:7370-7374) Labor Code Section 7370-7374



7370. (a) The Legislature finds and declares that recent statewide spot inspections of cranes have uncovered a pattern of numerous safety violations so serious and pervasive that safety inspections shall be a continuing priority with regard to all tower cranes in the state.


7371. As used in this chapter, the following definitions shall apply: (a) "Crane" means a machine for lifting or lowering a load and moving it horizontally, in which the hoisting mechanism is an integral part of the machine. It may be driven manually or by power and may be a fixed or a mobile machine, but does not include stackers, lift trucks, power shovels, backhoes, excavators, concrete pumping equipment, or straddle type mobile boat hoists. (b) "Straddle type mobile boat hoist" means a straddle type carrier supported by four wheels with pneumatic tires capable of straddling and carrying boats with high masts and superstructure. (c) "Tower crane" means a crane in which a boom, swinging jib, or other structural member is mounted on a vertical mast or tower. (d) "Mobile tower crane" means a tower crane which is mounted on a crawler, truck, or similar carrier for travel or transit. (e) "Crane employer" means an employer who is responsible for the maintenance and operation of a tower crane. (f) "Certificating agency" shall have the same definition as in Section 4885 of Title 8 of the California Code of Regulations.


7372. (a) The division shall employ safety engineers trained to inspect tower cranes. (b) The division shall establish a safety inspection program for all tower cranes operated in the state. This safety program shall include: (1) Safety inspection of tower cranes twice a year. (2) Increased penalties for the violation of tower crane safety orders and standards. (3) Permit fees as described in Section 7373.


7373. (a) No tower crane shall be operated at any worksite unless an employer obtains a permit from the division. The division shall conduct an investigation for purposes of issuing a permit in an expeditious manner. If the division does not issue a permit within 10 days after being requested to do so by a crane employer, the crane employer may operate the crane without a permit. (b) The division shall set a fee to be charged for these permits in an amount sufficient to cover the cost of funding the issuance of the permits and the safety engineers as provided by subdivision (a) of Section 7372. (c) The permit for a fixed tower crane shall be valid for the period of time that the tower crane is fixed to the site. (d) The permit for a mobile tower crane shall be valid for one calendar year.


7374. (a) The division may suspend or revoke the permit of a crane where the employer engages in gross negligence, gross incompetence, or willful or repeated disregard of any occupational safety standard or order involving the crane. (b) The permit of the crane shall be suspended or revoked for a six-month period for first-time suspensions or revocations, and for a one-year period for each subsequent suspension or revocation. The division shall establish a suspension and revocation hearing procedure and appeal process.


Article 2. Certification

Ca Codes (lab:7375-7384) Labor Code Section 7375-7384



7375. (a) The division shall adopt regulations for the certification of all cranes and derricks used in lifting service, exceeding three tons rated capacity. Tower cranes shall be certified annually and whenever they are erected on a new site. (b) These regulations shall specify the procedure for licensing the certificating agencies or agents to conduct certification inspections, and shall establish specific criteria for licensure as a certifier, including a written examination. (c) No individual may certify a crane in which the individual or his or her employer has a direct or indirect financial interest, nor may an individual certify equipment that belongs to his or her employer. An individual may not certify equipment or devices that he or she has manufactured or helped to manufacture, if the equipment is owned by his or her employer. However, this subdivision shall not prohibit any of the following: (1) The licensure of certifiers who are employed by insurance carriers that insure the specific crane. (2) Except with respect to certification of tower cranes, the licensure of certifiers who are employed by an electrical, gas, or telephone corporation, as defined in Sections 218, 222, and 234, respectively, of the Public Utilities Code, or a municipal utility serving a city having a population of 3,000,000 or more, that is issued a certificate of self-insurance pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 16050) of Chapter 1 of Division 7 of the Vehicle Code and that is a self-insured employer under Article 1 (commencing with Section 3700) of Chapter 4 of Division 4 of this code. (d) The certificating agency shall attest that it tested or examined the device or equipment and found it to meet the requirements of the division. (e) The certificating agency shall notify the division of any deficiencies found during the crane certification inspection. A certificate shall not be issued until all deficiencies are corrected.


7376. (a) The division shall suspend or revoke a license to certify for the following reasons: (1) Gross negligence, gross incompetency, a pattern of incompetence, or fraud in the certification of a crane. (2) Willful or deliberate disregard of any occupational safety standard while certifying a crane. (3) Misrepresentation of a material fact in applying for, or obtaining, a license to certify under this chapter. (4) Upon a showing of good cause. (b) The period of suspension or revocation shall be for six months for a first suspension or revocation, and one year for each subsequent suspension or revocation. The certificating agency shall obtain a new license from the division following a suspension or revocation. The division shall establish a hearing procedure and an appeal process for license suspensions and revocations.


7377. Revocation of a license to certify may be appealed to the Director of Industrial Relations.


7378. A licensed certifier who fraudulently certifies that a crane is in compliance with the criteria established by the division under subdivision (a) of Section 7375 is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in the county jail for a period not to exceed six months, or by a fine not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000), or both.


7379. It shall be a misdemeanor for an individual to engage in the certification of a crane as specified in this chapter if that individual is not licensed pursuant to this chapter. Any violation of this section shall be punishable by imprisonment in the county jail for a period not to exceed six months, or by a fine not to exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000), or both.


7380. The division may collect fees for the examination and licensing of crane certifiers as necessary to cover the actual costs, including administrative costs. All fees collected by the division under this chapter shall be paid into the General Fund.


7381. (a) Notwithstanding Sections 6319 and 6425, if serious injury or death is caused by any serious or willful repeated violation of a crane standard, order, or special order, or by any failure to correct a serious violation of a crane standard, order, or special order within the time specified for its correction, the employer shall be assessed a civil penalty in an amount equal to double the maximum penalty allowable for each violation contributing to the injury or death. (b) Notwithstanding any provision of this division, any employer who violates any tower crane standard, order, or special order, if that violation is a serious violation, shall be assessed a civil penalty of not less than one thousand dollars ($1,000) nor more than two thousand dollars ($2,000) for each serious violation. The penalty shall not be reduced for any of the reasons listed in Section 6319.


7382. No person shall install or dismantle a tower crane, or increase the height of a crane, known in the construction trade as "jumping or climbing a crane," without a safety representative of the crane manufacturer, distributor, or a representative of a licensed crane certifier being present on site for consultation during the procedure. The standards board shall adopt a regulation making failure to provide the designated safety representative a serious violation of a safety order. Local governmental entities may restrict the hours during which these procedures may be performed.


7383. (a) The division shall require all crane employers to disclose all of their previous business identities within the previous 10 years. The disclosure shall be made to the division on forms provided by the division. The division shall maintain the confidentiality of this information. (b) The division shall consider the violations of safety and health orders and standards of the previous business identities when assessing penalties against a crane employer for current violations. (c) For purposes of this section "business identities" means current and previous business affiliations in the construction industry which involve the use of cranes. These shall include, but not be limited to, fictitious business names and corporate names. (d) The purpose of this section is to enable the division to get a complete safety record of crane employers when assessing penalties for the violation of safety orders.


7384. The division shall prepare an annual report concerning revenues obtained from all funding sources and expenditures. The division shall file the report with the Legislative Analyst, the Joint Legislative Audit Committee, the Department of Finance, and the appropriate policy committees of the Legislature.


Part 4. Mining Industries

Chapter 3. Underground Telephones

Ca Codes (lab:7500-7501) Labor Code Section 7500-7501



7500. In all mines operated in the State where a depth of more than five hundred feet underground has been reached, a telephone system shall be established, equipped and maintained by the owners or lessees of the mine with stations at each working level below the depth aforesaid, communicating with a station on the surface of the mine.


7501. The failure or refusal of any owner or lessee to install or maintain such telephone system is a misdemeanor.


Part 5. Ships And Vessels

Ca Codes (lab:7600-7611) Labor Code Section 7600-7611



7600. Every person who is engaged in the business of loading or unloading ships or vessels, or who is authorized or contracts to load or unload a ship or vessel, or who is in charge of a ship or vessel while it is being loaded or unloaded, and such ship or vessel has a carrying capacity of 50 tons or greater, shall employ and supply upon every ship or vessel while being loaded or unloaded, a person over the age of 18 years to act as signalman or hatch-tender whose sole duty it shall be to observe the operations of loading or unloading of each working hatch on such ship or vessel, and to warn all persons engaged in the operation of loading or unloading of any possibility of injury to any of the articles of which the cargo is composed, or of danger to any person in or about the ship or vessel while it is being loaded or unloaded.


7601. Handtrucks shall be maintained in a safe condition by the employer. Handles shall be maintained free of hazardous burrs, splinters, cracks or splits.

7602. Handtools shall be kept in good condition and be safely stored by the employer. Unsafe handtools shall not be used.


7603. The maximum weight of materials stored on building floors or load-carrying platforms, except those built directly on the ground, shall not exceed their safe carrying capacity. Material, when stored, shall be piled, stacked, or racked in a manner designed to prevent it from tipping, falling, collapsing, rolling or spreading. Racks, bins, planks, sleepers, bars, strips, blocks, sheets, shall be used when necessary to make the piles stable.

7604. Adequate and substantial bull rails, stringer rails or curbs shall be installed at the waterside of all flush aprons on such wharves, docks or piers as are in active service for movement of cargo therefrom to vessels. This section shall not apply to any pier designed with depressed spur tracks on at least one side, on which cargo is worked between rail cars and ships but not in the narrow wharf area between depressed tracks and pier edge.


7605. The employer shall require that tools, machinery, gear and other equipment subject to wear be inspected at adequate intervals and unsafe conditions corrected. If tools, machinery, gear or equipment are found to be defective or otherwise unsafe, employees shall report the same to the person in charge of work who shall have it discarded, marked and so placed that it cannot be used again until made safe.


7606. Every dock plate shall be constructed and maintained with strength sufficient to support the load carried thereon. Dock plates shall be secured in position when spanning the space between the dock or the unloading platform and the vehicle. The dock plate, together with its securing devices, where used over spans of different lengths, shall be of such construction as will readily obtain rigid security over such spans. The dock plates shall be so constructed and maintained that when they are secured in position the end edges of the plate shall be in substantial contact with dock or loading platform, and with the vehicle bed in such manner as to prevent rocking or sliding.


7607. Internal combustion engine-driven equipment shall be operated inside of buildings or enclosed structures only when such operation does not result in harmful exposure to concentration of dangerous gases or fumes in excess of maximum acceptable concentrations. Exhaust pipes shall be installed in such a manner that the exhaust products shall be discharged so as not to be a hazard to the operators.


7608. Any person who violates any provisions of this part is guilty of a misdemeanor.


7609. The provisions of Sections 7601 to 7607, inclusive, shall be applicable to longshore and stevedore operations.


7611. Nothing in the foregoing sections of this part shall limit the authority of the division to prescribe or enforce general or special safety orders.


Part 6. Tanks And Boilers

Chapter 1. Scope Of Chapter And General Provisions

Ca Codes (lab:7620-7626) Labor Code Section 7620-7626



7620. "Division," as used in this part, means the Division of Occupational Safety and Health.


7621. "Boiler" as used in this part means any fired or unfired pressure vessel used to generate steam pressure by the application of heat subject to this part.


7622. "Tank" as used in this part, means any unfired pressure vessel, subject to this part, used for the storage of air pressure or liquefied petroleum gases; provided, however, that for the purpose of shop inspection, "tank" shall mean any unfired pressure vessel built according to the rules of any nationally recognized pressure vessel code.


7623. This part applies to all boilers and tanks which are not specifically exempted in this chapter, or by the general safety orders of the division now in effect or which may be hereafter adopted.

7624. The following tanks are not subject to this part: (a) Tanks under the jurisdiction or inspection of the United States government. (b) Air pressure tanks used in household domestic services. (c) Tanks of 1 1/2 cubic feet or less which are not subject to a pressure of more than 150 pounds per square inch. (d) Air pressure tanks supplied with air by the same air compressor which supplies air for the brakes of any motor vehicle or streetcar, which units of transportation are operated by any person, firm, or corporation subject to the jurisdiction of the United States Department of Transportation or the California Highway Patrol. (e) Tanks not subject to an internal or external pressure or more than 15 pounds per square inch, irrespective of size.


7625. The following steam boilers are not subject to this part: (a) Boilers under the jurisdiction or inspection of the United States Government, and all other boilers operated by employers not subject to Division 4 of this code. (b) Boilers on which the pressure does not exceed 15 pounds per square inch. (c) Automobile boilers and boilers on road motor vehicles.


7626. This part does not limit the authority of the division to prescribe or enforce general or special safety orders.


Chapter 2. Administration

Ca Codes (lab:7650-7655) Labor Code Section 7650-7655



7650. Inspections required by this part shall be made either by qualified safety engineers employed by the division or by certified inspectors; provided, however, that shop inspections shall be made by the division, acting through its qualified safety engineers when request therefor is made by any manufacturer of tanks or boilers. (a) As used in this chapter a "certified inspector" is one who is qualified to make inspections or examinations of boilers or tanks according to the rules under which the vessel is constructed, who has an unrevoked certificate of competency issued pursuant to this part, and who is employed by any one of the following: (1) A county. (2) A city. (3) An insurer. (4) An employer, for the purpose of inspecting only tanks and boilers under his jurisdiction. (b) As used in this chapter a "qualified safety engineer" is one who is qualified to make inspections or examinations of boilers or tanks according to the rules under which the vessel is constructed. Such qualification is to be determined by a written examination prescribed by the division.

7651. A certificate of competency may be obtained by application made to the division.


7652. The division may determine by examination the competency of an applicant for a certificate of competency.


7652.5. Notwithstanding any other provision of the law, a certified inspector employed by an insurer or by an employer for the purpose of inspecting only tanks and boilers under his jurisdiction need not be a citizen or an elector.

7653. Upon good cause being shown therefor, the division may revoke a certificate of competency.


7654. Where serious conditions are found by certified inspectors that would jeopardize the life, limb, or safety of employees, the reports of inspection shall be made forthwith to the division by telegraph or telephone within twenty-four hours. Within twenty-one days after each routine inspection, every certified inspector shall forward a report of his inspection, on prescribed forms, to the division. His certificate of competency may be suspended or revoked by the division for failure to comply with this section.


7655. The division shall prepare and adopt regulations in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Act provided for in Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code, designed to promote safety with respect to the installation and operation of vendor facilities for the storage and pumping of compressed or liquefied natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas into vehicles.


Chapter 3. Operation Of Tanks And Boilers

Ca Codes (lab:7680-7692) Labor Code Section 7680-7692



7680. No tank or boiler shall be operated unless a permit for its operation has been issued by or in behalf of the division.


7681. (a) The division shall inspect or cause to be inspected each installed tank at least every five years, except for any tank specified in subdivision (b). (b) Any air pressure tank which contains 25 cubic feet or less and is not subject to pressure of more than 150 pounds per square inch and any liquefied petroleum gas tank used for storage, except a tank used for dispensing purposes as part of a dispensing unit, which contains 575 gallons or less shall be inspected or caused to be inspected by the division when the tank is initially placed into service if the tank is constructed, inspected and stamped in compliance with the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Code, or the design, material, and construction of the tank is approved by the division as equivalent to the ASME Code. (c) "Dispensing unit," as used in this section, means a stationary liquefied petroleum gas installation, other than a bulk plant, from which a product is dispensed, for final utilization, into mobile fuel tanks or portable cylinders.


7682. The division shall inspect or cause to be inspected each installed fired boiler internally and externally at least every year, except that the division may grant extensions to permit the interval between internal inspections to be increased to a maximum interval of 36 months where operating experience and design of the boiler has demonstrated to the satisfaction of the division that equivalent safety will be maintained. For other classes of boilers, the division shall establish internal inspection intervals which will ensure the safety of people working in the vicinity of the boiler. In determining the intervals, the division shall consider such factors as the design and construction of the boilers and the conditions under which they operate. External inspection shall be made of all boilers at the time of the internal inspection and at any other intervals as are deemed necessary by the division acting through qualified safety engineers and certified inspectors.


7683. (a) If a tank or boiler is found to be in a safe condition for operation, a permit shall be issued by or on behalf of the division for its operation. (b) In the case of a tank, the permit shall continue in effect for not longer than five years, except for any tank specified in subdivision (b) of Section 7681. (c) In the case of a tank specified in subdivision (b) of Section 7681, the permit shall remain in effect as long as the tank is in compliance with applicable provisions of this part and regulations contained in Title 8 of the California Administrative Code. A new inspection and permit for operation shall be required whenever there is a change in ownership and permanent location of the tank or there is an alteration or change in the tank which affects the tank's safety. This subdivision applies to any permit in effect on the effective date of this subdivision as well as to any permit issued after such date. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, an insurer is not liable for any permit issued prior to the effective date of this subdivision for any tank specified in subdivision (b) of Section 7681 for any period of time exceeding the period for which the last permit was issued. (d) In the case of a boiler, the permit shall continue in effect for a period which is not longer than one year.


7684. Each permit or a clear reproduced copy thereof shall be posted in a protective container in a conspicuous place on or near the tank or boiler covered by it.


7685. The division may issue and renew temporary permits for not to exceed 30 days each, pending the making of replacements or repairs.


7686. Upon good cause being shown therefor, and after notice and an opportunity to be heard, the division may revoke any permit.


7687. If the inspection shows a tank or boiler to be in an unsafe or dangerous condition, the division may issue a preliminary order requiring such repairs or alterations to be made to it as are necessary to render it safe, and may order its use discontinued until the repairs or alterations are made or the dangerous or unsafe condition is remedied.


7688. Unless the preliminary order is complied with, a hearing before the division shall be allowed, upon request, at which the owner, operator, or other person in charge of the tank or boiler may appear and show cause why he should not comply with the order.


7689. If it thereafter appears to the division that the tank or boiler is unsafe and that the requirements contained in the preliminary order should be complied with, or that other things should be done to make the tank or boiler safe, the division may order or confirm the withholding of the permit and may make such requirements as it deems proper for the repair or alteration of the tank or boiler, or the correction of the dangerous and unsafe conditions.

7690. The order may be reheard by the division, or reviewed by the courts, in the manner specified by this code for safety orders, and not otherwise.

7691. If the operation of a tank or boiler constitutes a serious menace to the life or safety of any person employed about it, the division or any of its safety engineers or any person affected thereby, may apply to the superior court of the county in which the tank or boiler is situated for an injunction restraining its operation until the condition has been corrected.


7692. The certification of the division that no valid permit exists for the operation of a tank or boiler, and the affidavit of any safety engineer of the division that its operation constitutes a menace to the life or safety of any person employed about it, is sufficient proof to warrant the immediate granting of a temporary restraining order.


Chapter 4. Inspection Fees

Ca Codes (lab:7720-7728) Labor Code Section 7720-7728



7720. No fee shall be charged by the division where an inspection is made by a certified inspector; provided, the inspection has been made and reports have been submitted within the time limits specified in this part.

7721. (a) The division may fix and collect fees for the shop, field, and resale inspection of tanks and boilers and for consultations, surveys, audits, and other activities required or related to national standards concerning the design or construction of boilers or pressure vessels or for evaluating fabricator's plant facilities when these services are requested of the division by entities desiring these services. The division may fix and collect the fees for the inspection of pressure vessels as it deems necessary to cover the actual costs of having the inspection performed by a division safety engineer, including administrative costs. An additional fee may, in the discretion of the division, be charged for necessary subsequent inspections to determine if applicable safety orders have been complied with. (b) The division may charge a fee of not more than fifteen dollars ($15) to cover the cost of processing a permit. (c) The division may fix and collect fees for field consultations regarding pressure vessels as it deems necessary to cover the actual costs of the time spent in the consultation by a division safety engineer, including administrative expenses. (d) Whenever a person owning or having the custody, management, or operation of a pressure vessel fails to pay the fees required under this chapter within 60 days after notification, he or she shall pay, in addition to the fees required under this chapter, a penalty fee equal to 100 percent of the fee. (e) Any fees required pursuant to this section shall be embodied in regulations which shall be adopted as emergency regulations. These emergency regulations shall not be subject to the review and approval of the Office of Administrative Law pursuant to the provisions of the Administrative Procedure Act provided for in Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code. These regulations shall become effective immediately upon filing with the Secretary of State.


7722. The inspection fees collected under this chapter shall be paid into the Pressure Vessel Account, which is hereby created, to be used for the administration of the division pressure vessel safety program. The division shall establish criteria upon which fee charges are based and prepare an annual report concerning revenues obtained and expenditures appropriated for the pressure vessel safety program. The division shall file the report with the Legislative Analyst, the Joint Legislative Audit Committee, and the Department of Finance.


7725. As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the meaning therein given them. (a) "Small tank" shall mean any tank 1,200 gallons water capacity or less. (b) "Large tank" shall mean any tank of more than 1,200 gallons water capacity. (c) "Shop inspection" shall mean the inspection and testing of tanks or boilers, manufactured, or in the process of manufacture, repair, or alteration, in the manufacturer's shops, or at the jobsite, in accordance with the applicable rules of the respective codes under which they are manufactured. (d) "Field inspection" shall mean the inspection and testing of installed tanks or boilers or both tanks and boilers, regardless of location. (e) "Resale inspection" shall mean the inspection of boilers or tanks in the possession of a dealer or vendor at the request of a user who contemplates the purchase thereof.


7726. All inspection fees shall be paid before the issuance of a permit.

7728. Whenever an owner or user of any apparatus or equipment fails to pay the fees required under this chapter within 60 days after notification, said owner or user shall pay, in addition to the fees required under this chapter, a penalty fee equal to 100 percent of such fee. For the purposes of this section, the date of the invoice shall be considered the date of notification.


Chapter 5. Offenses

Ca Codes (lab:7750) Labor Code Section 7750



7750. Except during the time that a request for a permit remains unacted upon, every person owning or having the custody, management, or operation of a tank or boiler who operates it without a permit issued pursuant to this part is guilty of a misdemeanor. The operation of a tank or boiler without a permit constitutes a separate offense for each day that it is so operated.


Chapter 6. Mismanagement Of Steam Boilers

Ca Codes (lab:7770-7771) Labor Code Section 7770-7771



7770. Every engineer or other person having charge of any steam-boiler, steam-engine, or other apparatus for generating or employing steam, used in any manufactory, railway, or other mechanical works, who wilfully, or from ignorance or from gross neglect, creates, or allows to be created, such an undue quantity of steam as to burst or break the boiler, engine or apparatus, or to cause any other accident whereby human life is endangered, is guilty of a felony.

7771. Every person having charge of any steam boiler, steam engine, or other apparatus for generating or employing steam, used in any manufactory, railroad, vessel, or other mechanical works, who willfully, or from ignorance or neglect, creates, or allows to be created, such an undue quantity of steam as to burst or break the boiler, engine, or apparatus, or to cause any other accident whereby the death of a human being is caused, is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison for two, three, or four years.


7771. Every person having charge of any steam boiler, steam engine, or other apparatus for generating or employing steam, used in any manufactory, railroad, vessel, or other mechanical works, who willfully, or from ignorance or neglect, creates, or allows to be created, such an undue quantity of steam as to burst or break the boiler, engine, or apparatus, or to cause any other accident whereby the death of a human being is caused, is punishable by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 of the Penal Code for two, three, or four years.


Part 7. Volatile Flammable Liquids

Ca Codes (lab:7800-7803) Labor Code Section 7800-7803



7800. "Volatile flammable liquids" as used in this part means any petroleum or liquid product of petroleum or natural gas having a flash point below 100 degrees Fahrenheit, and includes any petroleum or liquid product of petroleum or natural gas while at a temperature above its flash point. Flash points shall be as determined by means of the Tag Closed Tester, Designation D56-36 American Society for Testing Materials, or the Pensky-Martens Closed Tester, Designation D93-42 American Society for Testing Materials.


7801. "Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board" as used in this part means the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board of the Division of Occupational Safety and Health, Department of Industrial Relations, State of California.


7802. The Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board shall adopt general orders pursuant to Section 6500, to make effective the provisions of this part.

7803. Every employer who engages in any business requiring any employee to handle or use any volatile flammable liquid or to work in the close proximity of any such liquid in sufficient quantity and under conditions affording opportunity for the person or clothing becoming ignited shall provide adequate means of extinguishment whereby such employee may extinguish flames on his person or clothing.


Part 7.5. Refinery And Chemical Plants

Chapter 1. General

Ca Codes (lab:7850-7853) Labor Code Section 7850-7853



7850. This part shall be known and cited as the California Refinery and Chemical Plant Worker Safety Act of 1990.


7851. The Legislature finds and declares that because of the potentially hazardous nature of handling large quantities of chemicals and recent disasters involving chemical handling in other states, a greater state effort is required to assure worker safety. The Legislature also recognizes that a key element for assuring workplace safety is adequate employee training. The potential consequences of explosions, fires, and releases of dangerous chemicals may be catastrophic; thus immediate and comprehensive government action must be taken to ensure that workers in petroleum refineries, chemical plants, and other related facilities are thoroughly trained and that adequate process safety management practices are implemented.


7852. (a) It is the intent of the Legislature, in enacting this part, that the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board and the Division of Occupational Health and Safety (OSHA) promote worker safety through implementation of training and process safety management practices in petroleum refineries and chemical plants and other facilities deemed appropriate. (b) To the maximum extent practicable, the board and the division shall minimize duplications with other state statutory programs and business reporting requirements when developing standards pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 7855). (c) It is further the intent of the Legislature, in enacting this part, that in the interest of promoting worker safety, standards be adopted at the earliest reasonably possible date, but in no case later than July 1, 1992.


7853. For the purposes of this part, "process safety management" means the application of management programs, which are not limited to engineering guidelines, when dealing with the risks associated with handling or working near hazardous chemicals. Process safety management is intended to prevent or minimize the consequences of catastrophic releases of acutely hazardous, flammable, or explosive chemicals.


Chapter 2. Process Safety Management Standards

Ca Codes (lab:7855-7870) Labor Code Section 7855-7870



7855. The purpose of this chapter is to prevent or minimize the consequences of catastrophic releases of toxic, flammable, or explosive chemicals. The establishment of process safety management standards are intended to eliminate, to a substantial degree, the risks to which workers are exposed in petroleum refineries, chemical plants, and other related manufacturing facilities.


7856. No later than July 1, 1992, the board shall adopt process safety management standards for refineries, chemical plants, and other manufacturing facilities, as specified in Codes 28 (Chemical and Allied Products) and 29 (Petroleum Refining and Related Industries) of the Manual of Standard Industrial Classification Codes, published by the United States Office of Management and Budget, 1987 Edition, that handle acutely hazardous material as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 25532 and subdivision (a) of Section 25536 of the Health and Safety Code and pose a significant likelihood of accident risk, as determined by the board. Alternately, upon making a finding that there is a significant likelihood of risk to employees at a facility not included in Codes 28 and 29 resulting from the presence of acutely hazardous materials or explosives as identified in Part 172 (commencing with Section 172.1) of Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations, the board may require that these facilities be subject to the jurisdiction of the standards provided for in this section. When adopting these standards, the board shall give priority to facilities and areas of facilities where the potential is greatest for preventing severe or catastrophic accidents because of the size or nature of the process or business. The standards adopted pursuant to this section shall require that injury prevention programs of employers subject to this part and implemented pursuant to Section 6401.7 include the requirements of this part.


7857. The process safety management standards shall include provisions dealing with the items prescribed by Sections 7858 to 7868, inclusive, of this chapter.


7858. The employer shall develop and maintain a compilation of written safety information to enable the employer and the employees operating the process to identify and understand the hazards posed by processes involving acutely hazardous and flammable material. The employer shall provide for employee participation in this process. This safety information shall be communicated to employees involved in the processes, and shall include information pertaining to hazards of acutely hazardous and flammable materials used in the process, information pertaining to the technology of the process, and information pertaining to the equipment in the process. A copy of this information and communication shall be accessible to all workers who perform any duties in or near the process area.


7859. The employer shall perform a hazard analysis for identifying, evaluating, and controlling hazards involved in the process. The employer shall provide for the participation of knowledgeable operating employees in these analyses. The final report containing the results of the hazardous analysis for each process shall be available, in the respective work area, for review by any person working in that area. Upon request of any worker or any labor union representative of any worker in the area, the employer shall provide or make available a copy of any risk management prevention program prepared for that facility pursuant to Article 2 (commencing with Section 25531) of Chapter 6.95 of Division 20 of the Health and Safety Code. The board, when adopting a standard or standards pertaining to this section, may authorize employers to submit risk management prevention programs prepared pursuant to Article 2 (commencing with Section 25531) of Chapter 6.95 of Division 20 of the Health and Safety Code to satisfy related requirements in whole or in part.


7860. (a) The employer shall develop and implement written operating procedures that provide clear instructions for safely conducting activities involved in each process consistent with the process safety information. (b) A copy of the operating procedures shall be readily accessible to employees or to any other person who works in or near the process area. (c) The operating procedures shall be reviewed as often as necessary to assure that they reflect current operating practice, including changes that result from changes in process chemicals, technology, and equipment, and changes to facilities.


7861. (a) Each employee whose primary duties include the operating or maintenance of a process, and each employee prior to assuming operations and maintenance duties in a newly assigned process, shall be trained in an overview of the process and in the operating procedures as specified in Section 7860. The training shall include emphasis on the specific safety and health hazards, procedures, and safe practices applicable to the employee's job tasks. (b) Refresher and supplemental training shall be provided to each operating or maintenance employee, or both, and other worker necessary to ensure safe operation of the facility and on a recurring regular schedule as determined adequate by the board. (c) The employer shall ensure that each worker necessary to ensure safe operation of the facility has received and successfully completed training as specified by this section. The employer, after the initial or refresher training shall prepare a certification record which contains the identity of the employee, the date of training, and the signature of the person conducting the training. Testing procedures shall be established by each employer to ensure competency in job skill levels and safe and healthy work practices.


7862. (a) The employer shall inform contractors performing work on, or near, a process of the known potential fire, explosion, or toxic release hazards related to the contractor's work and the process, and require that contractors have trained their employees to a level adequate to safely perform their job. The employer shall also inform contractors of any applicable safety rules of the facility, and assure that the contractors have so informed their employees. (b) The employer shall explain to contractors the applicable provisions of the emergency action plan required by Section 7868. (c) Contractors shall assure that their employees have received training to safely perform their jobs and that these employees will adhere to all applicable work practices and safety rules of the facility.


7863. The employer shall perform a prestartup safety review for new facilities and for modified facilities for which the modification necessitates a change in the process safety information. These reviews shall include knowledgeable operating employees.


7864. The employer shall establish and implement written procedures and inspection and testing programs to maintain the ongoing integrity of process equipment. These programs shall include a process for allowing employees to identify and report potentially faulty or unsafe equipment, and to record their observations and suggestions in writing. The employer shall respond regarding the disposition of the employee's concerns contained in the reports in a timely manner.

7865. The employer shall develop and implement a written procedure governing the issuance of "hot work" permits. "Hot work" includes electric or gas welding, cutting, brazing, or similar flame- or spark-producing operations.

7866. The employer shall establish and implement written procedures to manage changes, except for replacements in kind, to process chemicals, technology, and equipment, and to make changes to facilities.

7867. The employer shall establish a written procedure for investigating every incident which results in, or, as determined by board criteria, could reasonably have resulted in, a major accident in the workplace. The procedure shall, at a minimum, require that a written report be prepared and be provided to all employees whose work assignments are within the facility where the incident occurred at the time the incident occurred and shall also include establishing a method for dealing with findings and recommendations.


7868. The employer shall establish and implement an emergency action plan. The employer may use the business plan for emergency response submitted pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 25503.5 and subdivision (b) of Section 25505 of the Health and Safety Code if it meets the standards adopted by the board.


7870. Notwithstanding the availability of federal funds to carry out the purposes of this part, the division may fix and collect reasonable fees for consultation, inspection, adoption of standards, and other duties conducted pursuant to this part. The expenditure of these funds shall be subject to appropriation by the Legislature in the annual Budget Act.


Part 8. Amusement Rides Safety Law

Ca Codes (lab:7900-7919) Labor Code Section 7900-7919



7900. This part shall be known and may be cited as the Amusement Rides Safety Law.


7901. As used in this part: (a) "Amusement ride" means a mechanical device which carries or conveys passengers along, around, or over a fixed or restricted route or course for the purpose of giving its passengers amusement, pleasure, thrills, or excitement. "Amusement ride" includes the business of operating bungee jumping services or providing services to facilitate bungee jumping, but does not include slides, playground equipment, coin-operated devices or conveyances which operate directly on the ground or on the surface or pavement directly on the ground or the operation of amusement devices of a permanent nature. The division shall determine the specific devices which are amusement rides for the purposes of this part. This determination shall be made to apply equally to all operators of similar or identical rides and shall be made pursuant to a procedure promulgated by the standards board. (b) "Operator" or "owner" means a person who owns or controls or has the duty to control the operation of an amusement ride. It includes the state and every state agency, and each county, city, district, and all public and quasi-public corporations and public agencies therein. (c) "Permit" means a document issued by the division which indicates that an inspection of the ride has been performed pursuant to rules and regulations adopted by the division.


7902. The division shall promulgate and formulate rules and regulations for adoption by the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board for the safe installation, repair, maintenance, use, operation, and inspection of all amusement rides as the division finds necessary for the protection of the general public using amusement rides. The rules and regulations shall be in addition to the existing applicable safety orders and will be concerned with engineering force stresses, safety devices, and preventative maintenance. Nothing in this chapter shall limit the authority of the division to prescribe or enforce general or special safety orders.


7903. The division or a public entity shall not issue the original certificate of inspection for an amusement ride until it receives certification in writing by an engineer qualified under the Civil and Professional Engineers Act (Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 6700) of Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code) that such amusement ride meets the requirements established by the division for amusement rides.


7904. (a) The division may fix and collect fees for the inspection of amusement rides that it deems necessary to cover the actual cost of having the inspection performed by a division safety engineer. The division may not charge for inspections performed by certified insurance inspectors or an inspector for a public entity, but may charge a fee of not more than ten dollars ($10) to cover the cost of processing the permit when issued by the division as a result of the inspection. All fees collected by the division under this section shall be deposited into the Elevator Safety Account to support the division's portable amusement ride inspection program. (b) The division shall annually prepare and submit to the Division of Fairs and Expositions within the Department of Food and Agriculture, a report summarizing all inspections of amusement rides and accidents occurring on amusement rides. This annual report shall also contain all route location information submitted to the division by permit applicants.

7905. The division may hire inspectors to inspect amusement rides. The division shall cause the inspection provided by this part to be made by its safety inspectors, or by a qualified inspector who is approved by the division and employed by an insurance company or a public entity.


7906. No person shall operate an amusement ride without a permit issued by the division or a public entity. On or before March 1 of each year an operator shall apply for a permit to the division or a public entity on a form furnished by the division and containing such information as the division may require. Each application shall specifically include a route list for the ride for the permit year, which shall include the name of each town or city, street location, and dates of operation of the ride at each location. A route list may be revised at any time, but a ride may not be operated at a particular location unless notification of the revision has been given previously to the division or public entity issuing the permit. All amusement rides shall be inspected before they are originally put into operation for the public's use and thereafter at least once every year, unless authorized to operate on a temporary permit. Amusement rides may also be inspected each time they are disassembled and reassembled.

7907. If, after inspection, an amusement ride is found to comply with the rules and regulations of the division, the division or a public entity shall issue a permit to operate.


7908. Before a new amusement ride is erected, or whenever any additions or alterations are made which change the structure, mechanism, classification, or capacity of any amusement ride, the operator shall file with the division or a public entity a notice of his intention and any plans or diagrams requested by the division.


7909. The division may order cessation of operation of an amusement ride and permit revocation if it has been determined after inspection to be hazardous or unsafe. Operation shall not resume until such conditions are corrected to the satisfaction of the division


7910. This part shall not be construed to prevent the use of any existing installation which upon inspection is found to be in a safe condition and in conformance with the rules and regulations of the division.

7911. If there are practical difficulties or unnecessary hardships for an operator to comply with the rules and regulations under this part, the division may modify the application of such rules or regulations if the spirit of the rules and regulations shall be observed and the public safety is secure. Any operator may make a written request to the division stating his grounds and applying for such modification. Any authorization by the division shall be in writing and shall describe the conditions under which the modifications are permitted. A record of all modifications shall be kept in the division and open to the public.


7912. No person shall operate an amusement ride unless there is in existence and on file with the division a policy of insurance, issued by a company licensed by the Department of Insurance to do business in the state, or by a nonadmitted insurer employed by a surplus lines broker licensed by the Department of Insurance, in an amount of not less than five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000) until January 1, 2009, and, effective on and after January 1, 2009, one million dollars ($1,000,000) per occurrence insuring the owner or operator against liability for injury suffered by persons riding the amusement ride.

7913. Nothing contained in this part shall prevent cities, counties, and cities and counties from regulating carnivals or amusement rides, nor prevent them from enacting legislation more restrictive than this part with respect to carnivals or amusement rides.


7914. (a) An operator of an amusement ride shall report or cause to be reported to the division immediately by telephone each known incident where the maintenance, operation, or use of the amusement ride results in any of the following: (1) A fatality. (2) A loss of consciousness or other injury to a person which requires medical service other than ordinary first aid treatment. (3) Major mechanical failure. For purposes of this section, "major mechanical failure" means the stoppage of operation resulting from or in a structural failure, a mechanical or electrical failure of a drive or control system component, or a failure of a restraint system that significantly compromises ride safety. "Major mechanical failure" does not include a foreseeable malfunction that activates a safety system. (4) A patron falling from a moving ride or from a ride that has temporarily stopped in an elevated position. (b) If a fatality, reportable injury, or major mechanical failure, as defined in subdivision (a),is caused by the failure, malfunction, or operation of an amusement ride, the equipment or conditions that caused the accident shall be preserved for the purpose of investigation by the division. (c) In addition to the report by telephone required under subdivision (a), an operator of an amusement ride shall submit a written accident report to the division within 24 hours of an incident on a form designated by the division. (d) A division inspector may inspect an amusement ride upon receipt of the report of an incident. (e) Whenever a state, county, or local fire or police agency is called to an accident involving an amusement ride covered by this part in which a serious injury or illness, or death occurs, the nearest office of the division shall be notified by telephone immediately by the responding agency.


7915. (a) Any owner or operator of any amusement ride who fails to comply with any provision of this part or any rule, regulation, or safety order adopted pursuant to this part shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. (b) Whenever an owner or operator of any amusement ride fails to pay any fee required under Section 7904 within 60 days after notification, the owner or operator shall pay, in addition to the fee required, a penalty fee equal to 100 percent of the required fee. For purposes of this section, the date of the invoice shall be considered the date of notification. (c) The division shall not issue any permit to any owner or operator of any amusement ride who fails to pay any fee until the fee is paid.


7916. (a) An owner of an amusement ride shall provide training for its employees in the safe operation and maintenance of amusement rides, as required by Sections 4, 6, 7, and 8 of ASTM F770-06, Standard Practice for Ownership and Operation of Amusement Rides and Devices, adopted by the American Society for Testing and Materials, as amended or as may be amended from time to time and as the division deems appropriate, and the injury prevention program required under Section 6401.7. (b) The owner of an amusement ride shall maintain all of the records necessary to demonstrate that the requirements of subdivision (a) have been met, including employee training records and maintenance, repair, inspection, and injury and illness records for each amusement ride, as specified in ASTM F770-06 referenced in subdivision (a). On and after January 1, 2009, the owner of an amusement ride shall make the records available to a division inspector upon request.


7917. If the division determines that an owner or operator of an amusement ride subject to this part has willfully or intentionally violated this part or a rule or regulation promulgated under this part, and that the violation resulted in a death or reportable injury as specified in Section 7914, the division shall impose on that owner or operator a civil penalty of not less than five thousand dollars ($5,000) and not more than twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000).

7918. The division shall enforce this part by the issuance of a citation and notice of civil penalty in a manner consistent with that specified in Section 6317 or in some other manner as deemed appropriate by the division. An owner or operator who receives a citation and penalty may appeal the citation and penalty to the Occupational Safety and Health Appeals Board in a manner consistent with that specified in Section 6319.


7919. The division shall adopt rules and regulations necessary for the administration of this part, including, the reporting requirements established under Section 7914.


Part 8.1. Permanent Amusement Ride Safety Inspection Program

Ca Codes (lab:7920-7932) Labor Code Section 7920-7932



7920. It is the intent of the Legislature in enacting this part to create a state system for the inspection of permanent amusement rides. This part shall be known and may be cited as the Permanent Amusement Ride Safety Inspection Program.


7921. As used in this part: (a) "Permanent amusement ride" means a mechanical device, aquatic device, or combination of devices, of a permanent nature that carries or conveys passengers along, around, or over a fixed or restricted route or course for the purpose of giving its passengers amusement, pleasure, thrills, or excitement. "Permanent amusement ride" includes the business of operating bungee jumping services or providing services to facilitate bungee jumping, but does not include slides, playground equipment, coin-operated devices or conveyances that operate directly on the ground or on a surface or pavement directly on the ground. The division shall determine the specific devices that are permanent amusement rides for the purposes of this part. This determination shall be made to apply equally to all operators of similar or identical rides and shall be made pursuant to a procedure promulgated by the standards board. (b) "Operator" or "owner" means a person who owns or controls or has the duty to control the operation of an amusement ride. It includes the state and every state agency, and each county, city, district, and all public and quasi-public corporations and public agencies therein. (c) "Qualified safety inspector" means either of the following: (1) A person who holds a valid professional engineer license issued by this state or issued by an equivalent licensing body in another state, and who has been approved by the division as a qualified safety inspector for permanent amusement rides. (2) A person who documents to the satisfaction of the division that he or she meets all of the following requirements: (A) The person has a minimum of five years experience in the amusement ride field, at least two years of which were involved in actual amusement ride inspection with a manufacturer, government agency, amusement park, carnival, or insurance underwriter. (B) The person completes not less than 15 hours per year of continuing education at a school approved by the division, which education shall include inservice industry or manufacturer updates and seminars. (C) The person has completed at least 80 hours of formal education during the past five years from a school approved by the division for amusement ride safety. Nondestructive-testing training, as determined by the division, may be substituted for up to one-half of the 80 hours of education.


7922. This part does not apply to any of the following: (a) Any playground operated by a school or local government if the playground is an incidental amenity and the operating entity is not primarily engaged in providing amusement, pleasure, thrills, or excitement. (b) Museums or other institutions principally devoted to the exhibition of products of agriculture, industry, education, science, religion, or the arts. (c) Skating rinks, arcades, laser or paint ball war games, indoor interactive arcade games, bowling alleys, miniature golf courses, mechanical bulls, inflatable rides, trampolines, ball crawls, exercise equipment, jet skis, paddle boats, air boats, helicopters, airplanes, parasails, hot air balloons, whether tethered or untethered, theaters, amphitheaters, batting cages, stationary spring-mounted fixtures, rider-propelled merry-go-rounds, games, slide shows, live animal rides, or live animal shows. (d) Permanent amusement rides operated at a private event that are not open to the general public and not subject to a separate admission charge.


7923. (a) The division shall formulate and propose rules and regulations for adoption by the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board for the safe installation, repair, maintenance, use, operation, and inspection of all permanent amusement rides as the division finds necessary for the protection of the general public using permanent amusement rides. The rules and regulations shall be in addition to the existing applicable safety orders and will be concerned with engineering force stresses, safety devices, and preventative maintenance. Nothing in this part shall limit the authority of the division to prescribe or enforce general or special safety orders. (b) It is the Legislature's intent that the rules and regulations adopted pursuant to this part be consistent with those adopted by the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board for traveling amusement rides, to the extent that those rules and regulations are found to be appropriate.


7924. (a) On an annual basis, each owner of a permanent amusement ride shall submit to the division a certificate of compliance on a form prescribed by the division, which shall include the following: (1) The legal name and address of the owner and his or her representative, if any, and the primary place of business of the owner. (2) A description of, the name of the manufacturer of, and, if given by the manufacturer, the serial number and model number of, the permanent amusement ride. (3) A written declaration, executed by a qualified safety inspector, stating that, within the preceding 12-month period, the permanent amusement ride was inspected by the qualified safety inspector and that the permanent amusement ride is in material conformance with the requirements of this section and all applicable rules and regulations adopted by the division and standards board. (b) The owner of multiple permanent amusement rides at a single site may submit a single certificate of compliance that provides the information required by subdivision (a) for each permanent amusement ride at that site. (c) A certificate of compliance shall not be required until one year following the promulgation of any rules or regulations by the division governing the submission of the certificates. (d) No person shall operate a permanent amusement ride that has been inspected by a qualified safety inspector or division inspector and found to be unsafe, unless all necessary repairs or modifications, or both, to the ride have been completed and certified as completed by a qualified safety inspector. (e) For the purposes of satisfying this section, a qualified safety inspector shall meet the requirements in subdivision (c) of Section 7921 and shall be certified by the division. Each qualified safety inspector shall be recertified every two years following his or her initial certification. A qualified safety inspector may be an in-house, full-time safety inspector of the owner of the permanent amusement ride, an employee or agent of the insurance underwriter or insurance broker of the permanent amusement ride, an employee or agent of the manufacturer of the amusement ride, or an independent consultant or contractor. (f) The owner of a permanent amusement ride shall maintain all of the records necessary to demonstrate that the requirements of this section have been met, including, but not limited to, employee training records, maintenance, repair, and inspection records for each permanent amusement ride, and records of accidents of which the operator has knowledge, resulting from the failure, malfunction, or operation of a permanent amusement ride, requiring medical service other than ordinary first aid, and shall make them available to a division inspector upon request. The owner shall make those records available for inspection by the division during normal business hours at the owner's permanent place of business. The owner, or representative of the owner, may be present when the division inspects the records. In conjunction with an inspection of records conducted pursuant to this subdivision, the division shall conduct an inspection of the operation of the rides at the permanent amusement park. (g) Upon receipt of a certificate of compliance, the division shall notify the owner of the permanent amusement ride or rides for which a certificate is submitted whether the certificate meets all the requirements of this section, and if not, what requirements must still be met. (h) The division shall, in addition to the annual inspection performed by the division pursuant to subdivision (f), inspect the records for a permanent amusement ride or the ride, or both, under either of the following circumstances: (1) The division finds that the certificate of compliance submitted pursuant to this section for the ride is fraudulent. (2) The division determines, pursuant to regulations it has adopted, that a permanent amusement ride has a disproportionately high incidence of accidents required to be reported pursuant to Section 7925. (i) The division shall conduct its inspections with the least disruption to the normal operation of the permanent park.


7925. (a) Each operator of a permanent amusement ride shall report or cause to be reported to the division immediately by telephone each known accident where maintenance, operation, or use of the permanent amusement ride results in a death or serious injury to any person unless the injury does not require medical service other than ordinary first aid. If a death or serious injury results from the failure, malfunction, or operation of a permanent amusement ride, the equipment or conditions that caused the accident shall be preserved for the purpose of an investigation by the division. (b) A division inspector may inspect any permanent amusement ride after the report of an accident to the division. The division may order a cessation of operation of a permanent amusement ride if it is determined after inspection to be hazardous or unsafe. Operation shall not resume until these conditions are corrected to the satisfaction of the division. (c) Whenever a state, county, or local fire or police agency is called to an accident involving a permanent amusement ride covered by this part where a serious injury or death occurs, the nearest office of the division shall be notified by telephone immediately by the responding agency.


7926. (a) A person may operate a permanent amusement ride only if, at the time of operation, one of the following is in existence: (1) The owner of the permanent amusement ride provides an insurance policy in an amount not less than one million dollars ($1,000,000) per occurrence insuring the owner or operator against liability for injury or death to persons arising out of the use of the permanent amusement ride. (2) The owner of the permanent amusement ride provides a bond in an amount not less than one million dollars ($1,000,000), except that the aggregate liability of the surety under that bond shall not exceed the face amount of the bond. (3) The owner of a permanent amusement ride meets a financial test of self-insurance, as prescribed by rules and regulations promulgated by the division, to demonstrate financial responsibility covering liability for injury suffered by patrons riding the permanent amusement ride. (b) The insurance policy or bond shall be obtained from one or more insurers or sureties licensed by the Department of Insurance to do business in this state, or by a nonadmitted insurer employed by a surplus lines broker licensed by the Department of Insurance.


7927. Each owner of a permanent amusement ride shall provide training for its employees in the safe operation and maintenance of amusement rides, as required by the standards adopted by the American Society for Testing Materials, Committee F770-03, Section 4.1.3, and Committee F853-93, Section 6.2, as amended or as may be amended from time to time, and the injury prevention program required under Section 6401.7.


7928. The division shall adopt rules and regulations necessary for the administration of this part. The division may employ qualified safety inspectors as necessary for the purposes of this part.


7929. (a) The division may fix and collect all fees necessary to cover the cost of administering this part. Fees shall be charged to a person or entity receiving the division's services as provided by this part or by regulations adopted pursuant to this part, including, but not limited to, approvals, determinations, certifications and recertifications, receipt and review of certificates, and inspections. In fixing the amount of these fees, the division may include a reasonable percentage attributable to the general cost of the division for administering this part. Notwithstanding Section 6103 of the Government Code, the division may collect these fees from the state or any county, city, district, or other political subdivision. (b) Effective June 30, 2007, all fees collected pursuant to this section shall be deposited into the Elevator Safety Account to support the Permanent Amusement Ride Safety Inspection Program. All moneys in the Permanent Amusement Ride Safety Inspection Fund as of that date shall be transferred to the Elevator Safety Account to be used for the same purpose, and any outstanding liabilities and encumbrances of the fund shall become liabilities and encumbrances payable from the Elevator Safety Account.


7930. If the division determines that any owner or operator of a permanent amusement ride subject to this part has willfully or intentionally violated this part or any rule or regulation promulgated under this part, and that violation results in a death or serious injury as specified in Section 7925, the division shall impose on that owner or operator a civil penalty of not less than twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000) and not more than seventy thousand dollars ($70,000).


7931. The division shall enforce this part by the issuance of a citation and notice of civil penalty in a manner consistent with Section 6317. Any owner or operator who receives a citation and penalty may appeal the citation and penalty to the Occupational Safety and Health Appeals Board in a manner consistent with Section 6319.


7932. (a) The provisions of this part relating to annual division inspections shall not apply to any permanent amusement ride located within a county or other political subdivision of the state that, as of April 1, 1998, has adopted the provisions of Chapter 66 (commencing with Section 6601.1) of the 1994 Uniform Building Code providing for the routine inspection of permanent amusement rides by the county or other political subdivision of the state, provided that the division determines that these inspections meet or exceed the inspection standards set forth in this part. (b) If the county or other political subdivision suspends, revokes, or otherwise vacates its standards for permanent amusement rides, any permanent amusement ride located within the county or other political subdivision shall be subject to the inspection standards set forth in this part.


Part 9. Tunnel And Mine Safety

Chapter 1. Tunnels And Mines

Ca Codes (lab:7950-7964.5) Labor Code Section 7950-7964.5



7950. This part shall be known and may be cited as "The Tom Carrell Memorial Tunnel and Mine Safety Act of 1972."


7951. As used in this part: (a) Tunnel shall include excavation, construction, alteration, repairing, renovating, or demolishing of any tunnel except tunnel work covered under the compressed air safety orders adopted by the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board and manhole construction. (b) "Tunnel" means an underground passageway, excavated by men and equipment working below the earth's surface, that provides a subterranean route along which men, equipment, or substances can move. (c) "Mine" means any excavation or opening above or below ground used for removal of ore, minerals, gravel, sand, rock, or other materials intended for manufacturing or sale. It shall include quarries and open pit operations, other than a gravel pit or other pit where material is removed by a contractor or other person for his own use and not for sale to others. The term "mine" shall not include a mine that is operated exclusively by persons having a proprietary interest in such mine or by persons who are paid only a share of the profits from the mine, nor shall it include during any calendar year, any mine that produced less than five thousand dollars ($5,000) in ore, minerals, sand, rock, or other material during the preceding calendar year. (d) "Access shaft" means a vertical shaft used as a regular means of worker access to underground mines and tunnels under construction, renovation, or demolition. (e) "Lower explosive limit" means the lowest concentration at which a gas or vapor can be ignited or will explode. (f) "Face" means the head of the tunnel where soil is being removed, or that area in a mine where digging is underway. (g) "Muck" means excavated dirt, rock, or other material. (h) "Permissible equipment" means equipment tested and approved by the U.S. Bureau of Mines or acceptable to other authorities recognized by the division, and acceptable by the division, which is safe for use in gassy or extrahazardous tunnels or underground mines. (i) "Division" means the Division of Occupational Safety and Health. (j) "Board" means the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board. (k) "Underground mine" means a mine that consists of a subterranean excavation.

7952. There shall be within the division a separate unit of safety engineers trained to inspect all tunnel construction and mine operations.

7953. Sufficient manpower shall be maintained to provide for four annual inspections of underground mines, one inspection of surface mines or quarries annually, and six inspections of tunnels under construction annually.

7954. To assist the unit of safety engineers in determining the safety of tunnel construction and mine operation, the division shall make available at least one industrial hygiene engineer and one chemist. A laboratory for analysis of dust, gas, vapors, soil, or other materials shall be available to members of this unit. Contracts to provide for geological and other services may be signed by the division whenever it is necessary to assure safety for employees engaged in mining or tunnel work.


7955. The division and the owner of a mine, if he is not the operator of the mine, shall be notified before any initial mining operation or construction may be started at any mines or tunnels. A prejob safety conference shall be held with an authorized representative of the division for all underground operations. Representatives of the tunnel or mine owner, the employer, and employees shall be included in the prejob safety conference. The division shall classify all tunnels or underground mines operating on the effective date of this section, or which commence operation thereafter, as one of the classifications set forth in subdivisions (a) to (d), inclusive. Such classification shall be made prior to the request for bids on all public works projects, whenever possible. This shall not, however, prevent the division from reclassifying such mines or tunnels when conditions warrant it. (a) Nongassy, which classification shall be applied to tunnels or underground mines where there is little likelihood of encountering gas during the construction of the tunnel or operation of an underground mine. Such tunnels shall be constructed or underground mines operated under regulations, rules, and orders developed by the division and board and approved by the board. This subdivision shall not prohibit the division chief or his representatives from establishing any special orders that they feel are necessary for safety. (b) Potentially gassy, which classification shall be applied to tunnels or underground mines where there exists a possibility gas will be encountered. (c) Gassy, which classification shall be applied to tunnels or underground mines where it is likely gas will be encountered. Special safety measures, including those set forth in Sections 7965 to 7976, inclusive, those established by the division and board and adopted by the board, or special orders written by the chief or his representatives shall be observed in construction of gassy tunnels in addition to regular rules, orders, special orders, or regulations. (d) Extrahazardous, which classification may, when the division finds that there is a serious danger to the safety of the employees, be applied to tunnels or underground mines where gas or vapors have caused an explosion or fire, where the likelihood of encountering petroleum vapors exists, or where tests show, with normal ventilation, a concentration of hydrocarbon petroleum vapors in excess of 20 percent of the lower explosive limit within three inches of the roof, face, floor, or walls of any open workings. Construction in extrahazardous tunnels or operation in extrahazardous underground mines shall conform to safety measures set forth in Sections 7977 to 7985, inclusive, any rules, regulations, orders, or special orders of the division, or any special rules, orders, or regulations adopted by the board. The division shall not be required to reclassify any tunnel or underground mine that is shut down seasonally, when such tunnel or underground mine is put back into operation in not less than six months after date of the shutdown.

7956. All personnel, including both employees working above ground and those in the tunnel or underground mine, shall be informed of the classification designated by the division for that job. A notice of the classification and any special orders, rules, or regulations to be used in construction, remodeling, demolition, or operation of the tunnel or underground mine shall be prominently posted at the site.


7957. An emergency rescue plan shall be developed by the employer for every tunnel or underground mine. Such plan, including a current map of the tunnel or underground mine, shall be provided to local fire and rescue units, to the division, and to every employee at the place of employment.

7958. A trained rescue crew of at least five men shall be provided at underground mines with more than 25 men or tunnels with 10 or more men underground at any one time. Smaller mines shall have one man for each 10 men underground who receives annual training in the use of breathing apparatus. Two trained crews shall be provided at mines with more than 50 men underground and at tunnels with more than 25 men underground.


7959. Rescue crews shall be familiar with all emergency equipment necessary to effect a rescue or search for missing employees in case of an accident or explosion. Such rescue crews shall hold practices with equipment and using emergency rescue plan procedures at least once monthly during construction or operation of the tunnel or underground mines. At least one rescue crew shall be maintained above ground at all times and within 30 minutes travel of the tunnel or underground mine site classified as gassy or extrahazardous.


7960. In any tunnel or underground mine classified as potentially gassy, tests for gas or vapors shall be made prior to start of work at each shift. If any concentration of gas at or above 10 percent of the lower explosive limit is recorded, the division shall be notified immediately.

7961. The division shall investigate immediately any notification of a gas reading 10 percent of the lower explosive limit or higher by an employer in a tunnel or underground mine classified as potentially gassy. If the inspection determines the likelihood of encountering more gas or vapor, the division may halt operations until the tunnel or mine can be reclassified.


7962. A safety representative qualified to recognize hazardous conditions and certified by the division shall be designated by the employer in any tunnel or underground mine. He shall have the authority to correct unsafe conditions and unsafe practices, and shall be responsible for directing the required safety programs.


7963. All underground mines and tunnels with more than five men underground at one time shall have telephone or other communication systems to the surface in operation at any time there are persons underground. Such systems shall be installed in such a manner that destruction or removal of one phone or communication device does not make other phones or communication devices inoperative.


7964. Whenever an access shaft is used as the normal means of entrance or exit to an underground mine or tunnel, it shall be constructed of fireproof material or fireproofed by chemical or other means.

7964.5. Nothing contained in this part shall restrict the division in contracting with the Secretary of the Interior for an approved state plan for mines under P.L. 89-577 (30 U.S.C. 721 et seq.).


Chapter 2. Gassy And Extrahazardous Tunnels

Ca Codes (lab:7965-7985) Labor Code Section 7965-7985



7965. Any tunnel or underground mine classified by the division as gassy shall operate under special procedures adopted by the board, as well as rules, regulations, special orders, or general orders for nongassy underground mines and tunnels.


7966. In any tunnel classified as gassy by the division, there shall be tests for gas or vapors taken prior to each shift and at least hourly during actual operation. If a mechanical excavator is used, gas tests shall be made prior to removal of muck or material and before any cutting or drilling in tunnels or underground mines where explosives are used. A log shall be maintained for inspection by the division showing results of each test. Whenever a tunnel excavation or underground mine operation approaches a geologic formation in which there is a likelihood of encountering gas or water, a probe hole at least 20 feet ahead of the tunnel face or area where material is being mined shall be maintained.


7967. Whenever gas levels in excess of 10 percent of the lower explosive limit are encountered initially in a tunnel or underground mine classified as gassy, the division shall be notified immediately by telephone or telegraph. The chief of the division or his authorized representative may waive subsequent notification for gas readings less than 20 percent of the lower explosive limits upon a finding that adequate ventilation and other safety measures are provided to assure employee safety.


7968. In any gassy tunnel or underground mine, the division may order work halted until adequate testing can be completed to determine the level of hazard from gases or vapors. A notice of such shutdown shall be filed by the division inspector with his superiors as soon as practicable. Any overruling of such order must be made by the chief or his designated representative and must be in writing. An onsite inspection must be made by the person overruling an inspector' s order prior to resumption of work.


7969. In any gassy tunnel or underground mine the division shall review plans for electrical lighting and power for equipment. When it is necessary for safety, the inspector may require changes in the amount and type of lighting, and may require permissive-type wiring, switches, tools, and equipment.

7970. In any tunnel or underground mine classified gassy, smoking shall be prohibited and the employer shall be responsible for collecting all personal sources of ignition such as lighters and matches from employees entering the tunnel.

7971. Whenever there is any ignition of gas or vapor in a tunnel or underground mine, all work shall cease, employees shall be removed, and reentry except for rescue purposes shall be prohibited until the division has conducted an inspection and authorized reentry for maintenance or production in writing.


7972. If the level of gas in any tunnel or underground mine reaches 20 percent of its lower explosive limit at any time all men shall be removed, the division notified immediately by telephone or telegram, and no one shall reenter the tunnel or underground mine until approval is given by the division.


7973. In any tunnel or underground mine classified as gassy, all employees shall be informed of any special orders made by the division following an inspection. Such notice shall be given before entering the tunnel or underground mine. A copy of any orders subsequently written by the division shall be posted and all employees shall be notified at a safety meeting called by the safety representative before they are permitted to start work.


7974. In any tunnel classified as gassy by the division, ventilation shall include continuous exhausting of fumes and air, unless an alternative ventilation plan which is as effective or better is approved by the division. Fans for this purpose shall be located at the surface, and shall be reversible from a single switch at the portal or shaft. These requirements shall not preclude the use of auxiliary fans to supply more air or greater exhaust to a tunnel or underground mine.


7975. A "kill" button capable of cutting off all electrical equipment shall be maintained in any gassy tunnel or underground mine. The safety representative or his designated representative shall cut off power at any time gas or vapor levels reach 20 percent of the lower explosive limit or more. Before work is restarted every employee underground shall be informed of the level of gas or vapor recorded, and a permanent record shall be called to the surface and retained in a special log.


7976. In any tunnel or underground mine classified as gassy, the division shall determine the number of fire extinguishers necessary and their locations.

7977. Any tunnel or underground mine classified as extrahazardous by the division shall comply with the provisions for gassy tunnels in this chapter, as well as regulations, rules, special orders, and general orders of the division or board.


7978. In any extrahazardous tunnel or underground mine smoking by employees or open flame shall be prohibited. Welding or cutting with arc or flame underground in other than fresh air shall be done under the direct supervision of qualified persons who shall test for gas and vapors before welding or cutting starts and continuously during such an operation. No cutting or welding shall be permitted in atmospheres where any concentration of gas or vapor reaches 20 percent of the lower explosive limit or more while a probe hole is being drilled or when the tunnel face or material from a mine is being excavated.

7979. In tunnels or underground mines classified extrahazardous, sufficient air shall be supplied to maintain an atmosphere of all of the following conditions: (a) Not less than 19 percent oxygen. (b) Not more than 0.5 percent carbon dioxide. (c) Not more than 5 parts per million nitrogen dioxide. (d) No petroleum vapors or other toxic gases in concentrations exceeding the threshold limit values established annually by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists.


7980. All electrical equipment and machines, including diesel engines, used in tunnels or underground mines classified extrahazardous shall be permissible equipment. The division may, however, permit the use of nonpermissive equipment in a tunnel or underground mine in areas where it finds there is no longer danger from gas or other hazards.


7981. An escape chamber or alternate escape route shall be maintained within 5,000 feet of the tunnel face or areas being used to excavate material in an underground mine classified as gassy or extrahazardous. Workers shall be provided with emergency rescue equipment and trained in its use.


7982. Records of air flow and air sample tests to assure compliance with required standards shall be maintained by the employer at the site of any tunnel or underground mine classified extrahazardous. Such records shall be made available to any division representative upon request.


7983. The main fan line used for ventilation in any tunnel or underground mine classified extrahazardous shall contain a cutoff switch capable of halting all machinery underground automatically should the fan fail or its performance fall below minimum power needed to maintain a safe atmosphere.


7984. In any tunnel or underground mine classified extrahazardous a device or devices which automatically and continuously test the atmosphere for gases or vapors shall be maintained. Such device or devices shall be placed as near the face or area of operation as practical, but never more than 50 feet from such point. The division shall determine if additional monitors are necessary and where they should be located. This requirement shall apply only to tunnels or underground mines where excavation of material is by mechanical means.

7985. All such testing device or devices shall be U.S. Bureau of Mines approved or acceptable to other authorities recognized by the division and shall automatically sound an alarm and activate flashing red signals visible to employees underground whenever the concentration of gases or vapors reaches or exceeds permissible levels. Permissible levels may be established lower than the limits set in division rules, regulations, or general orders whenever a division inspector considers such action necessary to make the operation safe for employees.


Chapter 3. Licensing And Penalties

Ca Codes (lab:7990-8004) Labor Code Section 7990-8004



7990. In any tunnel or mine under jurisdiction of the division, the use of explosives shall be limited to persons licensed by the division.

7991. To obtain a license under Section 7990, and to renew such a license, a person shall pass an oral and written examination given by the division. The division shall offer such examination in Spanish, or any other language, when requested by the applicant. The division shall administer such examination orally when requested by an applicant who cannot write. Application for such license shall cost fifteen dollars ($15), which is nonreturnable. Licenses shall be renewable every five years at a fee of fifteen dollars ($15).


7992. The board shall determine qualifications for persons seeking an "explosive blaster's license" and rules and regulations for use of explosives in tunnels or mines.


7993. Any person holding an "explosive blaster's license" who is convicted of violating any safety order involving the use or handling of explosives shall have his license suspended for not less than 30 days upon hearing by the division, in addition to any other penalties he may be assessed.

7994. Any person holding an "explosive blaster's license" who is convicted of violating safety orders involving use or handling of explosives in which the violation is judged to be responsible for an accident involving serious injury or death shall have his or her license revoked for at least one year, in addition to any other penalties he or she may be assessed. Any person who has had his or her "explosive blaster's license" revoked may apply for a new license after the minimum period of revocation expires. He or she shall be required to pass all examinations before a new license is granted.


7995. Any person who has had his "explosive blaster's license" revoked who is subsequently convicted of violations of a safety order involving the use or handling of explosives shall have his license permanently revoked in addition to other penalties he may be assessed.


7996. All safety equipment required to provide safe employment in tunnels or underground mines shall be U.S. Bureau of Mines approved, or acceptable to other authorities recognized by the division, and acceptable by the division.

7997. The board shall review and update general orders for tunnels and mines at least every two years. Representatives of the unit inspecting tunnels and mines shall be consulted during each review and shall be permitted to submit suggested changes to the general orders at any time.


7998. The division shall also develop tests, available in English, Spanish, or other languages where a sufficient portion of employees exists to show need, to qualify gas testers and safety representatives in tunnels and mines.

7999. No person shall be qualified to operate as a gas tester, or serve as a safety representative in a tunnel or underground mine unless he holds a certificate issued by the division. No certificate may be issued or renewed unless the applicant or licensee, as the case may be, has passed an examination given by the division.


8000. Requirements established by the board shall preempt local government rules, regulations, and laws requiring certification or licensing as gas testers or safety representatives. However, local governments may contract with the division for testing applicants and issuing certifications.


8001. A fee sufficient to cover costs of examination and certification of gas testers and safety representatives for tunnels and mines, but not more than fifteen dollars ($15) for original applications and fifteen dollars ($15) for renewals, may be charged by the division. Renewals shall be made every five years.


8002. All fees from such applications shall be nonrefundable. Such fees shall be paid into the State Treasury by the division to the credit of the General Fund.


8003. Violation of regulations, rules, orders, or special orders adopted by the board or division as a condition of certification shall be punishable by suspension or revocation of certification, unless such violation is responsible for death or injury to employees, in which case it shall be punishable as a misdemeanor.


8004. The provisions of this part shall not apply to the normal operation, maintenance, or repair of any completed tunnels owned or operated by a utility as defined in Section 229 of the Public Utilities Code. However, it shall apply to the initial construction or substantial modification of such a tunnel.


Part 10. Use Of Carcinogens

Chapter 1. General Provisions And Definitions

Ca Codes (lab:9000-9009) Labor Code Section 9000-9009



9000. This part shall be known and may be cited as the Occupational Carcinogens Control Act of 1976.


9001. The purpose of this part is to clarify and strengthen the provisions of state law applicable to the use of carcinogens in California. It is the intent of the Legislature to provide for effective implementation of the provisions of this part.


9002. The following definitions shall govern the construction of this part. Additionally, except where the context otherwise requires, the definitions contained in Part 1 (commencing with Section 6300) shall also be applicable to this part.


9003. "Affected employee" means an employee who, as part of his or her employment, is involved in the use of a carcinogen, or an employee with respect to whom there is a substantial probability that he or she will become so involved as the result of his or her employer's use of a carcinogen.


9004. "Carcinogen" means and includes the following recognized cancer-causing substances for which standards have been adopted pursuant to Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 9020): (a) Any of the following substances and any compound, mixture, or product containing these substances: (1) 2-acetylaminofluorene. (2) 4-aminodiphenyl. (3) Benzidine and its salts. (4) Bis(chloromethyl) ether. (5) 3,3�-dichlorobenzidine and its salts. (6) 4-dimethylaminoazobenzene. (7) Beta-naphthylamine. (8) 4-nitrodiphenyl. (9) N-nitrosodimethylamine. (10) Beta-propriolactone. (11) Methyl chloromethyl ether. (12) Alpha-naphthylamine. (13) 4,4�-methylene-(bis)2-chloroaniline. (14) Ethyleneimine. (b) Asbestos, including chrysotile, amosite, crocidolite, tremolite, anthophyllite, and actinolite. (c) Vinyl chloride. (d) Any other substance for which standards are adopted and in effect due to cancer-causing properties and any compound, mixture, or product containing such a substance, except as specifically exempted from the standards.


9005. "Division" means the Division of Occupational Safety and Health.

9006. "Employer" means any of the following: (a) The state and every state agency. (b) Each county, city, district, and all public and quasi-public corporations and public agencies therein. (c) Every person, including any public service corporation, which has any natural person in service. (d) The legal representative of any deceased employer.


9007. "Standards" means standards and orders adopted by the standards board pursuant to Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 140) of Division 1.

9008. "Standards board" means the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board.


9009. "Use" means any use of a carcinogen by an employer, including, but not limited to, the following: (a) Manufacture of a carcinogen, industrial uses thereof, or formation of a carcinogen as a result of a chemical reaction. (b) Sale or other transfer of a carcinogen. (c) Storage or disposal of a carcinogen. (d) Utilization of a carcinogen for research. (e) Transport of a carcinogen. The State Department of Health Services and the division shall have concurrent jurisdiction with any federal agency to protect affected employees of interstate carriers, including rail carriers, while in this state, as provided in this part or as authorized by other provisions of state law.


Chapter 2. Exemptions

Ca Codes (lab:9015) Labor Code Section 9015



9015. Except where in conflict with Section 142.3, or other applicable provisions of law, the standards board may exempt from the provisions of this part and its standards uses of carcinogens which it determines have been shown by a preponderance of the evidence to present no substantial threat to employee health and which may include, but need not be limited to, any of the following: (a) Use of carcinogens specified in subdivision (a) of Section 9004 in operations involving the destructive distillation of carbonaceous materials, such as occurs in coke ovens. (b) Use of asbestos, except where there is a material risk of substantial and repeated exposure of employees to this carcinogen. Except as provided in Section 18930 of the Health and Safety Code, the standards board shall adopt regulations for the implementation of the provisions of this section.


Chapter 3. Standards And Administration

Ca Codes (lab:9020-9022) Labor Code Section 9020-9022



9020. (a) Pursuant to Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 140) of Division 1, the standards board shall adopt standards for carcinogens at least as restrictive as the federal requirements for use of carcinogens promulgated under Section 6 of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (P.L. 91-596), as these federal requirements may be revised from time to time. Within six months after the effective date of any change in the federal requirements, the standards board shall amend its standards as necessary to comply with this subdivision. (b) It is the intent of the Legislature that the state shall exercise strong leadership in preventing employees, employers, and other persons from being exposed to carcinogens. In this connection, it is the further intent of the Legislature that the standards board adopt standards for substances as to which there exists a preponderance of evidence of carcinogenicity, but for which the federal government has not yet promulgated requirements specified in subdivision (a). The division shall determine the necessity for the standards and shall develop and present the proposed standards to the standards board pursuant to Section 147.1.


9021. All standards relating to the use of carcinogens which are in effect on January 1, 1986, including standards set forth in Sections 5208, 5209, and 5210 of Title 8 of the California Administrative Code, shall remain in effect until amended or repealed by the standards board.


9021.5. (a) Not later than January 1, 1987, the Division of Occupational Safety and Health shall propose a regulation concerning asbestos-related work, as defined in Section 6501.8, to the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board for review and adoption so as to protect most effectively the health and safety of employees. The regulation shall also include, but not be limited to, specific work practices and specific requirements for certification of all employees engaged in asbestos-related work. (b) (1) Not later than July 1, 1991, the Division of Occupational Safety and Health shall propose regulations for the certification of asbestos consultants and site surveillance technicians to the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board for consideration and action. By January 1, 1992, the board shall adopt regulations regarding certification. The regulations shall address and encompass procedures to determine the requirements for the certification provided for by Article 11 (commencing with Section 7180) of Chapter 9 of Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code. The division shall prepare and administer an examination to determine qualifications for certification pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 7184 and subdivision (c) of Section 7185 of the Business and Professions Code. The examination shall be administered on a periodic, regularly scheduled basis. (2) The division may, in lieu of preparing and administering its own certification examination, approve one or more public or private institutions which offer programs in asbestos abatement training to prepare and administer the examination described in subdivision (b) of Section 7184 and subdivision (c) of Section 7185 of the Business and Professions Code. However, the division shall not approve any institution, organization, individual, or other entity for administering a certification examination if that institution, organization, individual or other entity engages, for compensation, in any aspect of asbestos abatement work. For purposes of developing or approving a certification examination pursuant to this section, the division shall consult with an advisory committee of individuals who have academic and professional experience in asbestos abatement work, including a certified industrial hygienist, representatives of asbestos abatement workers, and asbestos abatement contractors. (c) This section does not exempt any employer from complying with the Hazardous Substances Information and Training Act (Chapter 2.5 (commencing with Section 6360) of Part 1 of Division 5 of this code) and regulations adopted thereunder, nor does it exempt any employer from complying with Section 5208 of Title 8 of the California Administrative Code. For products not requiring contractor certification pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 7058.5 of the Business and Professions Code, training and certification of employees shall be done by the employer.


9021.6. The division may charge a fee to each asbestos consultant and site surveillance technician who applies for certification pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 9021.5 and Article 11 (commencing with Section 7180) of Chapter 9 of Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code. The fee shall be sufficient to cover the division's cost for administering the certification process, including preparation and administration of the examination. The fees collected shall be deposited in the Asbestos Consultant Certification Account. Establishment of any fee pursuant to this section shall be accomplished through the regulatory process required by subdivision (b) of Section 9021.5.


9021.7. (a) There is hereby created the Asbestos Training and Consultant Certification Fund, which shall consist of the Asbestos Training Approval Account and the Asbestos Consultant Certification Account. Moneys in the Asbestos Training Approval Account shall consist of the fees collected pursuant to Section 9021.9. Moneys in the Asbestos Consultant Certification Account shall consist of the fees collected pursuant to Section 9021.6. (b) Moneys in the Asbestos Training Approval Account shall be available, upon appropriation by the Legislature, for expenditure only for administering the training entity approval process provided for in Section 9021.9. Moneys in the Asbestos Consultant Certification Account shall be available, upon appropriation by the Legislature, only for administering the certification process provided for in Section 9021.6.


9021.8. All asbestos consultant and site surveillance technician certifications shall be renewed annually. The division shall require asbestos consultants and site surveillance technicians to complete the annual refresher courses as required under the Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act (Subchapter II (commencing with Section 2641) of Chapter 53 of Title 15 of the United States Code) or the equivalent, as determined by the division.


9021.9. (a) The division shall establish an advisory committee to develop and recommend by September 30, 1994, for action by the standards board in accordance with Section 142.3, specific requirements for hands-on, task-specific training programs for all craft employees who may be exposed to asbestos-containing construction materials and all employees and supervisors involved in operations pertaining to asbestos cement pipe, as specified in subdivision (c) of Section 6501.8. The training programs shall include, but not be limited to, the following information: (1) The physical characteristics and health hazards of asbestos. (2) The types of asbestos cement pipe or asbestos-containing construction materials an employee may encounter in his or her specific work assignments. (3) Safe practices and procedures for minimizing asbestos exposures from operations involving asbestos cement pipe or asbestos-containing construction materials. (4) A review of general industry and construction safety orders relating to asbestos exposure. (5) Hands-on instruction using pipe or other construction materials and the tools and equipment employees will use in the workplace. (b) The division shall approve training entities to conduct task-specific training programs that include the requirements prescribed by the standards board pursuant to this section for employees and supervisors involved in operations pertaining to asbestos cement pipe or asbestos-containing construction materials. (c) The division shall charge a fee to each asbestos training entity approved by the division pursuant to subdivision (b). The fee shall be sufficient to cover the division's cost for administering the approval process provided for in subdivision (b). The fees collected shall be deposited in the Asbestos Training Approval Account. Establishment of any fee pursuant to this section shall be accomplished through the regulatory process required by subdivision (b) of Section 9021.5.

9022. The division shall have primary responsibility for enforcement of standards relating to carcinogens. However, the State Department of Health Services shall assist the division in the enforcement of the standards, in the manner prescribed by this chapter, and as shall be further defined by a written agreement between the State Department of Health Services and the department, pursuant to Section 144.


Chapter 4. Reporting

Ca Codes (lab:9030-9032) Labor Code Section 9030-9032



9030. The standards board shall adopt one or more standards requiring each employer which uses any carcinogen, including asbestos and vinyl chloride, to submit a written report regarding the use or any incident which results in the release of a potentially hazardous amount of a carcinogen into any area where employees may be exposed. The reporting requirements set forth in Sections 5209 and 5210 of Title 8 of the California Administrative Code on January 1, 1986, shall remain in effect until amended or repealed by the standards board, and any subsequent reporting requirements shall provide for reports which are at least as detailed as those required on that date. For asbestos and vinyl chloride, the standards board shall adopt a standard which requires each employer who uses vinyl chloride or asbestos to report in a manner similar to the reporting required pursuant to Section 5209 of Title 8 of the California Administrative Code.

9031. The division shall transmit a copy of each report specified in Section 9030 to any bargaining representatives, and other representatives known to the division, of affected employees of the reporting employer. A copy of each report shall be posted by the employer in the location or locations where the carcinogen is used, which shall be conspicuous to affected employees, as shall be provided in the standards.


9032. The division shall make every effort to ascertain the identities of existing users of carcinogens and to notify, inform, and educate them about the requirements of this part. The division shall utilize all appropriate means of communication and education, including direct mailings to employers, the use of courses, workshops, and seminars, advertising in mass media, trade and employee publications, and professional and scientific journals, contact with trade associations, employee representatives, and professional and scientific societies, and cooperation with other governmental agencies to inform affected employees, employers, and the public of the requirements of this part.


Chapter 5. Medical Examinations

Ca Codes (lab:9040) Labor Code Section 9040



9040. Every employer using carcinogens shall provide for medical examinations of affected employees where required by standards adopted pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 142.3. The standards board shall continue to require medical examinations in at least as effective a manner as provided in Sections 5208, 5209, and 5210 of Title 8 of the California Administrative Code on January 1, 1986.


Chapter 6. Inspections

Ca Codes (lab:9050-9052) Labor Code Section 9050-9052



9050. The division shall establish priorities for the performance of inspections of premises for which uses have been reported pursuant to Section 9030 and shall perform as many of these inspections as possible within the limits of the resources available to it for that purpose.

9051. If an authorized representative of the division determines on the basis of an inspection that an employer is using a carcinogen in violation of the standards pertaining to its use, he or she shall immediately notify the employer and affected employees.


9052. Upon request of any employer or any employee, or upon its own initiative, the OSHA Consultation Unit of the department shall provide consultation services regarding the use of a carcinogen and may offer educational programs to inform employers and employees of the provisions of this part.


Chapter 7. Penalties

Ca Codes (lab:9060-9061) Labor Code Section 9060-9061



9060. The civil penalties prescribed by Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 6423) of Part 1 shall be applicable to violations of standards and special orders regulating the use of carcinogens, except as modified by the following: (a) A civil penalty assessed against an employer because of failure to report, as required by standards specified in Section 9030, shall be not less than five hundred dollars ($500). (b) A civil penalty assessed against an employer for a serious violation, as defined in Section 9061, involving use of a carcinogen in violation of standards or special orders, except as provided by subdivision (d) and by Section 6429, shall be in the amount of two thousand dollars ($2,000). (c) A civil penalty assessed pursuant to Section 6429 for repeated violations of standards or special orders specified in subdivision (a) shall be not less than five thousand dollars ($5,000). (d) A civil penalty assessed pursuant to Section 6429 for repeated serious violations of standards or special orders specified in subdivision (b) shall be not less than ten thousand dollars ($10,000). The maximum limitations on civil penalties specified in Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 6423) of Part 1 shall be applicable to civil penalties for which the minimum amount is prescribed by subdivision (a), (c), or (d). Nothing in this section shall supersede any provision of law prescribing criminal offenses or penalties.


9061. (a) For purposes of this part, "serious violation" shall have the meaning specified in Section 6432 and, except as provided in subdivision (b), shall additionally include any violation of a standard or special order respecting the use of a carcinogen. (b) A violation of a standard or special order respecting the use of a carcinogen shall not, be a "serious violation" if the employer did not, and could not, with the exercise of reasonable diligence, know of the presence of the violation or if the violation is minor and resulted in no substantial health hazard, as determined by the division.


Part 11. Commercial Establishments

Chapter 1. Working Warehouses

Ca Codes (lab:9100-9104) Labor Code Section 9100-9104



9100. For purposes of this chapter, "sales floor" means any area where the public is invited to shop, whether indoors or outdoors.


9101. For purposes of this chapter, "working warehouse" means a wholesale or retail establishment in which both of the following occur: (a) Heavy machinery, including, but not limited to, forklifts, is used in any area where the public shops while customers are on the premises. (b) Merchandise is stored on shelves higher than 12 feet above the sales floor.

9102. (a) The owner, manager, or operator of a working warehouse shall secure merchandise stored on shelves higher than 12 feet above the sales floor. Methods of securing merchandise shall include rails, fencing, netting, security doors, gates, cables, or the binding of items on a pallet into one unit by shrink-wrapping, metal or plastic banding, or by tying items together with a cord. (b) All working warehouses shall comply with the provisions of this section on or before July 1, 2002.


9103. (a) When heavy machinery is used to move merchandise from a shelf, there shall be a safety zone established to temporarily block customers from entering areas where merchandise could fall during removal from a shelf. (b) All working warehouses shall comply with the provisions of this section on or before July 1, 2002.


9104. An owner, manager, or operator of a working warehouse who employs more than 50 employees shall submit to the division, a report of all known injuries requiring hospitalization, including emergency room medical treatment, or deaths occurring to customers as the result of falling merchandise. The report shall be filed within 30 days of December 31, 2002, and within 30 days of December 31, 2003. Each year, a corporation owning, managing, or operating more than one working warehouse may submit a single report on behalf of all of the corporation's working warehouses in the state, provided that the report identifies the location of the warehouse where each reportable incident occurred.


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