Law:Division 26. Santa Clara County Open-space Authority (California)
From Law Delta
Chapter 1. General Provisions
Ca Codes (prc:35100-35106) Public Resources Code Section 35100-35106
35100. This division shall be known and may be cited as the Santa Clara County Open-Space Authority Act.
35101. The Legislature hereby finds and declares all of the following: (a) In Santa Clara County, open-space preservation and creation of a greenbelt are immediate high priorities needed to counter the continuing and serious conversion of these lands to urban uses, to preserve the quality of life in the county, and to encourage agricultural activities. (b) In order to deal in an expeditious manner with the current serious loss of these properties, the county needs to develop and implement a local funding program involving properties occupied for urban purposes which give rise to the need for open-space preservation that goes significantly beyond current existing funding which is not adequate to resolve these losses. (c) It is in the public interest to create the Santa Clara County Open-Space Authority so that local open-space preservation and greenbelting decisions can be implemented in a timely manner to provide for the acquisition and maintenance of these properties. (d) All persons owning developed parcels enjoy the privilege of using, and benefit from, the availability of open space.
35102. "Agricultural activity" has the same meaning as "agricultural activity, operation, or facility, or appurtenances thereof" as defined in subdivision (e) of Section 3482.5 of the Civil Code.
35103. "Authority" means the Santa Clara County Open-Space Authority created pursuant to this division in the County of Santa Clara.
35105. "County" means the County of Santa Clara.
35106. "Governing board" means the governing body of the authority.
Chapter 2. Creation Of The Open-space Authority
Ca Codes (prc:35120-35124) Public Resources Code Section 35120-35124
35120. The Santa Clara County Open-Space Authority is hereby created on February 1, 1993. The maximum jurisdiction of the authority shall include all areas within the county, except those areas of the county presently within the boundaries, including the sphere of influence, of the midpeninsula Regional Open-Space District. Each city situated within the maximum jurisdictional boundaries shall pass a resolution stating its intent to be included within the authority's jurisdiction by January 15, 1993. These resolutions shall be transmitted to the board of supervisors. Any city which fails to pass that resolution or which formally states its intent to not participate shall be excluded from the authority's jurisdiction. The creation of the authority is not subject to review by the Santa Clara County Local Agency Formation Commission.
35121. (a) If, after the establishment of the authority's boundaries pursuant to Section 35120, territory within the authority is annexed to a city which is outside the authority, that territory may be detached from the authority pursuant to the Cortese-Knox-Hertzberg Local Government Reorganization Act of 2000 (Division 3 (commencing with Section 56000) of Title 5 of the Government Code). (b) If, after the establishment of the authority's boundaries pursuant to Section 35120, a city which is outside the authority's jurisdiction desires to be included within the authority's jurisdiction, the city shall adopt a resolution as provided in Section 35120. Following the adoption of the resolution, the territory within the city may be annexed to the authority pursuant to the Cortese-Knox-Hertzberg Local Government Reorganization Act of 2000 (Division 3 (commencing with Section 56000) of Title 5 of the Government Code). If the authority levies a special tax or an assessment and proposes to extend that special tax or assessment to the territory proposed to be annexed, the annexation shall not be complete until the authority complies with the procedures for levying the special tax or the assessment in that territory, including notice, hearing, and an election, in that territory, when required.
35123. (a) Commencing in 2008, the elections of members of the governing board shall be held during the statewide election in November of the year that the term expires. (b) The elections and the terms of office of the members of the governing board shall be determined pursuant to the Uniform District Election Law (Part 4 (commencing with Section 10500) of Division 10 of the Elections Code). (c) Any vacancy in the office of a member of the governing board shall be filled pursuant to Section 1780 of the Government Code.
35124. Each member of the governing board may receive compensation in the amount of seventy-five dollars ($75) for attending each meeting of the governing board, not to exceed two meetings in any calendar month, together with any actual and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of his or her official duties required or authorized by the governing board. The determination of whether a member's activities on any specific day are compensable shall be made pursuant to Article 2.3 (commencing with Section 53232) of Chapter 2 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code. Reimbursement for expenses is subject to Section 53232.2 and 53232.3 of the Government Code.
Chapter 3. Administration
Ca Codes (prc:35130-35137) Public Resources Code Section 35130-35137
35130. At the first governing board meeting in January of each year, the governing board shall select a chairperson who shall preside at all meetings, and a vice chairperson, who shall preside in the absence of the chairperson. In the event of the absence of the chairperson and the vice chairperson, the members present, by an order entered into the minutes, shall select one of the members present to act as chairperson pro tempore, who, while so acting, has all of the authority of the chairperson.
35131. The governing board shall adopt rules for its proceedings consistent with state law.
35132. A majority of the members of the governing board constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. All official acts of the authority require the affirmative vote of a majority of the members of the governing board, unless otherwise provided in this division.
35133. The acts of the authority shall be expressed by motion, resolution, or ordinance of its governing board.
35134. All meetings of the governing board shall be conducted pursuant to Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 54950) of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code.
35135. The governing board shall do all of the following: (a) Adopt an annual budget following the public hearing required under Section 35136, hire an independent staff of its own, and fix the compensation of its officers and employees. (b) Adopt an administrative code, by ordinance, which prescribes the powers and duties of the authority officers, the method of appointment of the authority's employees, and methods, procedures, and systems of operation and management of the authority. (c) Cause a postaudit of the financial transactions and records of the authority to be made at least annually by a certified public accountant. (d) Do any and all things necessary to carry out the purposes of this division.
35136. (a) Notice of the time and place of the public hearing for the adoption of the annual budget shall be published pursuant to Section 6061 of the Government Code, and shall be published not later than 30 days prior to the date of the hearing. (b) The proposed annual budget shall be available for public inspection at least 30 days prior to the hearing.
35137. The authority may enter into a contract with the Board of Administration of the Public Employees' Retirement System to include the employees of the authority in that retirement system who are eligible for membership therein, and the employees shall be entitled to the same benefits as state employees pursuant to Part 5 (commencing with Section 22750) of Division 5 of Title 2 of the Government Code.
Chapter 4. Powers And Functions
Ca Codes (prc:35150-35159) Public Resources Code Section 35150-35159
35150. The authority may adopt a seal and alter it at its pleasure.
35151. The authority may sue and be sued, except as otherwise provided by law, in all actions and proceedings, in all courts and tribunals of competent jurisdiction.
35152. The authority may take by grant, appropriation, purchase, gift, devise, condemnation, or lease, and may hold, use, enjoy, and lease or dispose of real and personal property of every kind, and rights in real and personal property, within the authority's jurisdiction, necessary to the full exercise of its powers. The authority may accept and hold open-space easements and purchase development credits. Priority for open-space acquisition should be focused on those lands closest, most accessible, and visible to the urban area. The remote ranchlands east of the westernmost ridgeline of the Diablo Range shall be acquired as permanent open space only through conservation easement purchases or the granting of lands or conservation easements by owners to the authority. Lands subject to the grant of an open space easement executed and accepted by the authority in accordance with this division are enforceably restricted within the meaning of Section 8 of Article XIII of the California Constitution. An easement or other interest in real property may be dedicated for open-space purposes by the adoption of a resolution by the governing board, and any interest so dedicated may be conveyed only as provided in this section. The authority may not validly convey any interest in any real property actually dedicated and used for open-space purposes without the consent of a majority of the voters of the authority voting at a special election called by the governing board and held for that purpose. Consent need not first be obtained for a lease of any real property for a period not exceeding 25 years if that real property remains in open-space or agricultural use for the entire duration of the lease.
35153. The authority may exercise the right of eminent domain to take any property necessary or convenient to accomplish the purposes of this division, except that it shall not take lands in active ranching, lands in agricultural production, or lands in timberland production zones which are not threatened by imminent conversion to developed uses. Furthermore, the authority shall not acquire any interest in real property by eminent domain unless the real property is contiguous to real property which is already owned by a public agency for open-space use. For purposes of this section, "owned" includes any lease or other contractual commitment to which the public agency is a party, to maintain the property in open-space use for a term of at least 25 years. The right of eminent domain may only be exercised upon the approval of a four-fifths vote of the governing board. If the property owner objects to the acquisition of his or her property by eminent domain, the property owner may, within 30 days of the governing board's vote, file a written objection with the legislative body of the city or county in which the property is located. If the property is located in more than one city or in the county and one or more cities, the property owner shall file his or her objection with the legislative body of the city or county which includes the larger portion of the property. If the property owner files a timely written objection, the legislative body shall consider the objection at a public hearing to be held within 45 days of its receipt. If the legislative body of a city upholds by a two-thirds vote, or the legislative body of a county upholds by a majority vote, the objection by determining that the acquisition is not in the best interests of the public within the authority's jurisdiction, the authority shall not exercise its right of eminent domain on that property.
35154. The authority may, upon a four-fifths vote of the governing board and after holding a public hearing pursuant to Section 6061 of the Government Code, exchange any real property dedicated and used for open-space purposes for real property that the governing board determines to be of equal or greater value and is necessary to be acquired for open-space purposes.
35155. All property acquired by the authority shall be properly maintained in a reasonable fashion consistent with the natural conditions existing upon the properties, and those properties immediately surrounding it. This maintenance obligation does not hold the authority to a higher standard of care, but is simply a statement of a basic function of the authority.
35156. The authority may plan, adopt, lay out, plant, develop, and otherwise improve, extend, control, operate, and maintain lands, trails, natural areas, and other facilities for public recreation or agricultural activities. The authority may impose fees for the utilization of its properties which do not exceed the cost of providing services.
35157. All claims for money or damages against the authority are governed by Division 3.6 (commencing with Section 810) of Title 1 of the Government Code, except as provided in this division or by other statutes or regulations expressly applicable to this division.
35158. The authority may accept funds or donations from any public or private source for the purposes of acquisition of open-space lands or for projects which are in furtherance of the authority's open-space or greenbelting objectives within its jurisdiction. The authority may seek government grants and private donations.
35159. (a) The authority may contract with any person or public agency for any services, supplies, equipment, or materials, or for the construction or completion of any building, structure, or improvement. (b) When a contract for any services, supplies, equipment, or materials, except for legal or appraisal services, or except for those services authorized to be procured under Chapter 10 (commencing with Section 4525) of Division 5 of Title 1 of the Government Code exceeds ten thousand dollars ($10,000), it shall be contracted for and let to the lowest responsible bidder. If two or more bids are the same and the lowest, the governing board may accept the one it chooses. Contracts of fifty thousand dollars ($50,000) or less may be let by informal bidding procedure, but contracts of more than fifty thousand dollars ($50,000) shall be let by formal bidding procedures. (c) The notice inviting bids shall set a date for the opening of bids. The first publication or posting of the notice shall be at least 10 days before the date of opening the bids. Notice shall be published at least twice, at least five days apart, in a newspaper of general circulation in the authority, or if there is none, it shall be posted in at least three public places in the authority. The notice shall distinctly state the nature of the contract. (d) The governing board may reject any bids. If the governing board rejects all bids, it may either readvertise or adopt a resolution, by four-fifths vote, declaring that the contract can be performed more economically by the employees of the authority or obtained at a lower price on the open market. Upon adoption of the resolution, the governing board may undertake the project without further complying with subdivisions (b) and (c). (e) If bids are not received, the governing board may undertake the project without further complying with subdivisions (b) to (d), inclusive. (f) In the case of an emergency, the governing board may adopt a resolution by a two-thirds vote of all the members of the governing board declaring that the public interest and necessity demand immediate expenditure of public money to safeguard life, health, or property. The governing board may expend any sum required in the emergency without submitting the expenditure to bid. For the purpose of this subdivision, "emergency" means a sudden, unexpected occurrence, involving a clear and imminent danger, demanding immediate action to prevent or mitigate loss of, or damage to, life, health, property, or essential public services. Emergency includes a fire, flood, earthquake, or other soil or geologic movements, as well as a riot, accident, or sabotage.
Chapter 5. Funding
Ca Codes (prc:35170-35174) Public Resources Code Section 35170-35174
35170. The Legislature, by the enactment of this chapter, intends that the authority use any funds provided by this chapter to supplement existing local revenues being used for open-space acquisition, preservation, or maintenance purposes. The county and the cities within the jurisdiction of the authority are further encouraged to maintain their existing commitment of local funds for these purposes.
35171. (a) The authority shall review and assess the needs for acquisition, preservation, or maintenance of open-space lands. As part of this review and assessment, the authority shall solicit proposals from the cities in the county within the boundaries of the authority and from a citizens' advisory committee, the membership of which shall be determined by the authority based upon criteria which provides a broad representation of interests within the authority's jurisdiction. The membership of the citizens' advisory committee shall reflect the cultural and ethnic diversity of the population within the authority's jurisdiction. The authority shall adopt a procedure for evaluating these proposals in consultation with the cities and the citizens' advisory committee in the authority's jurisdiction. The entity submitting any proposal shall consider the impact the proposal may have on the availability of affordable housing. (b) Based on the evaluation, the authority shall prepare a plan for the expenditure of the revenues expected to be derived from funding provided for this division, together with other federal, state, local, and private improvements, and funding. (c) In addition to acquisition, preservation, or maintenance of open-space lands, the expenditure plan shall also include projections of revenues likely to be available in the next five years for capital, maintenance, and operational purposes. The expenditure plan shall establish general areas for acquisition without identifying specific parcels, and shall be periodically reviewed and amended. Before adoption or amendment of an expenditure plan, the authority shall conduct public hearings on that plan. No expenditure for open-space lands shall occur until the initial expenditure plan is approved.
35172. The authority may impose a special tax pursuant to Article 3.5 (commencing with Section 50075) of Chapter 12 of Part 1 of Division 1 of Title 5 of the Government Code. The special taxes shall be applied uniformly to all taxpayers or all real property within the authority, except that unimproved property may be taxed at a lower rate than improved property.
35173. The authority may levy assessments pursuant to the Improvement Act of 1911, Division 7 (commencing with Section 5000), the Improvement Bond Act of 1915, Division 10 (commencing with Section 8500), and the Municipal Improvement Act of 1913, Division 12 (commencing with Section 10000) of the Streets and Highways Code.
35174. The authority may incur indebtedness to finance capital improvements pursuant to Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 43600) of Division 4 of Title 4 of the Government Code.