Law:Division 14. Street Lighting (California)

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Contents

Part 1. The Street Lighting Act Of 1919

Chapter 1. General Provisions

Ca Codes (shc:18000-18014) Streets And Highways Code Section 18000-18014



18000. This part may be cited as the Street Lighting Act of 1919.


18001. Unless the particular provision or the context otherwise requires, the definitions and general provisions obtained in this chapter shall govern the construction of this part.


18002. This part shall be liberally construed in order to effectuate its purposes.


18003. This part provides an alternative system for making the improvements authorized by this part and the provisions of this part shall not apply to or affect any other provisions of this code. When any proceedings are commenced under this part, the provisions of this part and no others shall apply to such proceedings.


18004. "Street lighting system" and "system" include any or all appliances, poles, posts, electroliers, transformers, lighting units, lamps, cables, wires, pipes, conduits and other suitable or necessary works or appliances for street lighting purposes.


18004.5. "Street," and any of its variants, mean and include highways, state highways, roads, avenues, boulevards, alleys, parkways and other public places and ways dedicated to public use, or any portion thereof, within a city or along a boundary of a city.


18005. "Tax collector" and "city tax collector" mean the city officer, board or employee designated as such by the city council in the resolution levying the assessment, and the officer, board or employee so designated shall discharge all duties prescribed as those of tax collector or city tax collector and all provisions applicable to the tax collector or city tax collector shall apply to the officer, board or employee so designated.


18006. "Service," and any of its variants, means and includes the furnishing of electric current or energy, gas, or other illuminating agent to all or part of any street lighting system.


18007. "Improvement," and any of its variants, include the maintenance or servicing, or both, of all or part of any one or more street lighting systems and, where applicable, the installation of street lighting systems owned by any public utility subject to the jurisdiction of the Public Utilities Commission of the State of California.


18007.5. "Maintenance," and any of its variants, as used in this part includes the replacement of any obsolete equipment with the new modern equipment necessary for an adequate street lighting system or systems.

18008. "Assessment district" means the territory to be benefited by the proposed improvement and to be assessed to pay the costs and expenses thereof.

18009. "Clerk" and "city clerk" mean any person or officer who is or acts as clerk of the city council.


18010. "Treasurer" and "city treasurer" include any person or officer who has charge of and makes payment of city funds.


18011. "City" includes all corporations organized and existing for municipal purposes.


18012. "City Council" and "council" include any body which by law is the legislative department of the government of the city.


18014. If any lots or parcels of land belonging to the United States, or to this State or to any county, city, public agency, mandatory of the government, school board, educational, penal or reform institution, or institution for the feebleminded or the insane are in use in the performance of any public function and are included within the assessment district, the city council may, in the resolution of intention, declare that such lots or parcels of land, or any of them, shall be omitted from the assessment thereafter to be made to cover the costs and expenses of the improvement. If the lots or parcels of land, or any of them, are omitted from the assessment by the resolution, the total cost and expense of all work done shall be assessed on the remaining lots lying within the limits of the assessment district, without regard to such omitted lots or parcels of land. If the city declares in the resolution of intention that said lots or parcels of land, or any of them, shall be included in the assessment, or if no declaration is made respecting such lots or parcels of land, or any of them, the city shall be liable for such sums as may thereafter be assessed against such lots or parcels of land, and such sums shall be payable by the city out of the general fund unless the city council shall in its resolution of intention designate another fund. However, any such sums which may be assessed against any such lots or parcels of land, shall not be payable by the city when such sums are paid by the owner of or the governing body controlling such lots or parcels of land.


Chapter 2. Authority To Maintain And Service

Ca Codes (shc:18030-18034) Streets And Highways Code Section 18030-18034



18030. Whenever in the opinion of the city council of any city the public interest or convenience may require, that body may do one or more of the following: (a) Order any street lighting system to be maintained in or along the whole or any part of any one or more of the streets in such city. (b) Order electric current or energy, gas, or other illuminating agent to be furnished for such street lighting system. For any of the purposes expressed in subdivision (a) or (b) of this section, the city council may determine and declare the district to be benefited by any such improvement and fix the exterior boundaries thereof and assess, either partly or wholly, the costs and expenses (including all incidental expenses) of such improvement, or of any one or more of the items thereof, upon the lands in the district.


18031. The city shall not be limited by the provisions of this part to the maintenance or servicing of street lighting systems, or any part thereof, owned only by the city, but the city council may also order such maintenance or service to be furnished upon street lighting systems provided and installed or to be installed by, and remaining the property of, any public utility, public corporation, or other person with whom a contract is entered into for such maintenance or service and may assess the costs and expenses of such maintenance, service, or installation in accordance with the provisions of this part.

18032. If there is more than one street lighting system in any city any or all of such systems may be consolidated and improved under one proceeding. In such case the consolidated system shall be zoned so that those systems of approximately the same general type are grouped together. In any district wherein zones have been established under this part and where subsequent to such establishment, improvements are made to portions of the lighting system in any zone which are of the same general type as in other existing zones within the district, the portion of the zone which has been so improved may be transferred to a zone with a lighting system of the same general type pursuant to the same procedure of resolution, notice and hearing as are applicable under this chapter for the formation of the district.


18033. Whenever a street lighting system is installed along a boundary line or street of any city, the city council may, by resolution, assess the land abutting upon such boundary line or street for the estimated cost and expense of improving the system, even though the system is partially or entirely without the boundaries of the city.


18034. If land has been assessed pursuant to Section 18033, the city council may proceed in all respects in connection therewith as though the street lighting system were entirely within the city limits; except that the city council may enter into a contract with the legislative body of the city or county having jurisdiction over the adjoining territory either to improve all or any portion of the street lighting system, or to have all or any portion of the system improved by the legislative body of the adjoining territory. The legislative body contracting to furnish such improvement may enter into any contract or issue any purchase order authorized in this part.


Chapter 3. The Preliminary Report

Ca Codes (shc:18040-18042) Streets And Highways Code Section 18040-18042



18040. The city council shall, prior to the passage of the resolution of intention, order the board, commission or officer of the city having charge and control of the maintenance or servicing of street lighting systems or any competent person employed by the city for that purpose, as the city council may name in the order, and direct such board, commission, officer or person to make and file with the city clerk a report in writing.


18041. Such report shall contain the following: (a) Plans and specifications which shall set out, among other things, the general type of street lighting system in each zone. The lighting systems to be improved shall be divided into zones and in each zone shall be grouped those systems of approximately the same general type. It shall be sufficient description of the location of the lights to be improved if such plans or specifications show or describe the approximate location of the lights. (b) An estimate of the cost of the improvement, for the period of time during which it is proposed to be continued. (c) A diagram showing the proposed assessment district and also the boundaries and dimensions of the respective lots or parcels of land within the district, each of which lots or parcels shall be given a separate number upon the diagram. The diagram shall govern for all details as to the extent of the proposed assessment district. (d) A proposed assessment of the total amount of the costs and expenses of the proposed improvement upon the several lots or parcels of land in the assessment district in proportion to the estimated benefits to be received by such lots or parcels, respectively, from said improvement. If any portion or percentage of the costs and expenses of such proposed improvement is ordered to be paid out of the city treasury, the amount of such portion or percentage shall first be deducted from the total estimated cost and expense of such improvement, and the assessment proposed in the report shall include only the remainder of the estimated costs and expenses. The proposed assessment shall refer to such lots or parcels upon the diagram by the respective numbers thereon.


18042. When the report is filed with him the clerk shall present it to the city council for consideration, and that body may modify it in any respect, and in case of any such modification, the report as modified shall stand as the report for the purpose of all subsequent proceedings.


Chapter 4. The Resolution Of Intention

Ca Codes (shc:18060-18062) Streets And Highways Code Section 18060-18062



18060. After the report is considered by it, the city council may pass a resolution of intention to order the improvement.


18061. The resolution of intention: (a) Shall briefly describe the proposed improvement. (b) Shall describe, in writing or by reference to the diagram referred to in Section 18041 with any modifications required by the city council, the boundaries of the assessment district. (c) May order that a certain portion or percentage of the costs and expenses of the improvement, the amount of which portion or percentage shall be specified in the resolution, shall be paid out of the city treasury from any fund the city council may designate.


18062. The city council shall, in the resolution of intention, provide that the improvement of the street lighting system shall be for a period of time stated in the resolution of intention. The dates of commencement and ending of that period shall be fixed by the city council on or before the date of execution of any contract as provided in this part, or, in the event that no contract is let and the maintenance or servicing is furnished by the city, those dates shall be fixed by the city council on or before the date of ordering the maintenance or servicing by the city. The city council may subsequently postpone the dates of commencement and ending of the period for a reasonable time upon good and sufficient reason appearing therefor and may, in any advertisement for bids and in any contract entered into, reserve the right to make such postponement for such reason.


Chapter 5. Protest And Hearing

Ca Codes (shc:18070-18077) Streets And Highways Code Section 18070-18077



18070. (a) After the adoption of the resolution of intention, the city council shall direct the clerk to give notice and set the time and date for a public meeting and public hearing pursuant to Section 54954.6 of the Government Code. (b) If assessments are to be levied as contemplated by Section 18041, then the notice procedures shall comply with Section 53753 of the Government Code.

18074. (a) Any person interested who objects to the proposed improvement may file a written protest, stating his or her objections, with the clerk at or before the hour set for the hearing of protests. The clerk shall indorse on every protest the date and time of its reception by him or her, and at the time appointed for the hearing shall present to the governing body all protests so filed. (b) If assessments are to be levied, the protest procedures shall comply with Section 53753 of the Government Code.


18075. The city council shall hear, consider, and pass upon the protests against the proposed improvement at the time appointed, or at any time to which the hearings may be adjourned, and its decision on all matters of protest shall be final and conclusive. If those protests are sustained, the proceedings shall be abandoned but may be renewed at any time. If those protests are denied or if no protests are filed the proposed assessment as the same shall have been modified or corrected shall be confirmed, and the city council shall thereupon acquire jurisdiction to proceed with the improvement and may by resolution order the proposed improvement to be made.


18076. If there is a majority protest by the landowners in any zone to the improvement in that zone, or if the officer or person designated reports that it is practical to subdivide a zone and a majority of the landowners in that subdivided zone protest the improvement in that subdivided zone, the city council shall strike that zone or subdivided zone from the proceedings and correct the proposed assessment accordingly, unless that body, by a four-fifths affirmative vote of all its members finds that the public interest and convenience require that street lights in that zone or subdivided zone be improved. The determination of the city council shall be final and conclusive.


18077. If a zone or subdivided zone is struck from the proceedings, the city council may proceed the same as though that zone or subdivided zone was not a part of the original proceedings.


Chapter 5.5. Annexation Of Additional Lands

Ca Codes (shc:18080-18084) Streets And Highways Code Section 18080-18084



18080. Whenever in the opinion of the city council of any city the public interest or convenience may require that body to order the improvement of any street lighting system located on lands in the city outside the boundaries of a district established under the provisions of this part, whether or not such lands are contiguous to the boundaries of such established district, that body may, in lieu of establishing a new district under this part, order the annexation of such lands to an existing district established under this part and may assess, either partly or wholly, the costs and expenses, including all incidental expenses of such improvement, or of any one or more of the items thereof, upon the lands in the district, including the lands thus annexed.


18081. The procedures applicable to such annexation and the lands so annexed shall, except as otherwise in this chapter expressly provided, be the same as those applicable to the establishment of the district and to the administration of such established district.


18082. The improvement of the street lighting system within the lands so annexed shall be for a period of time not longer than that fixed for the improvement ordered to be made within the established district to which such lands are annexed.


18083. The term of the contract to be let for making the improvement within the lands so annexed shall be for such period of time as will cause such contract to expire or terminate on the same date as the contract let for the improvement to be made in the district as originally established.


18084. In the event that an ordinance requires the installation of a street lighting system by a subdivider, the resolution of intention may state that the territory owned by the subdivider comes under the terms of such ordinance and order that such territory, without notice and hearing, be formed into a district, or annexed to an existing district, established under the provisions of this part.



Chapter 6. Levying And Collecting The Assessment

Ca Codes (shc:18090-18099) Streets And Highways Code Section 18090-18099



18090. After acquiring jurisdiction to proceed with the improvement, the city council shall levy the assessment for the portion or percentage required to pay for the improvement for the period of time beginning with the date of commencement of the improvement fixed by the city council and ending, as determined by and at the discretion of the city council either with the close of one 12-month period thereafter or with the close of the current or of the following fiscal year, upon all the respective lots or parcels of land in the assessment district. Thereafter during the period of time provided in the resolution of intention, the city council shall, on or before the beginning of the next succeeding 12-month period or the following fiscal year, levy in like manner and on the same lots or parcels of land the assessment for the portion or percentage required to pay for such improvement for such year, and said board, commission, or officer of the city authorized therefor shall, on or before 60 days prior to the commencement of each such period make and file with the city council a report in writing.


18091. Such report shall contain: (a) An estimate of the cost and expense of the improvement for the ensuing 12-month period or the ensuing fiscal year. (b) A diagram showing the assessment district referred to in the resolution of intention, also the boundaries and dimensions of the respective lots or parcels of land within the district as it existed at the time of the making of the last mentioned diagram, each of which lots or parcels shall be given a separate number on the diagram. (c) A schedule showing the proportionate amount of the assessment to be charged in proportion to the benefits to be received by each lot or parcel shown on the diagram required by subdivision (b) of this section.

18092. Any surplus assessments collected shall be applied by the city council to reduce the assessment to be levied either for the next ensuing contract year or for the last contract year under the proceedings, and for the latter purpose such surplus may be permitted to accumulate in the assessment fund. Such reductions shall be made as nearly as possible to the zones or subdivided zones from which such surplus assessments were collected.


18092.1. If there is any surplus remaining at the close of the last contract year under any proceedings, such surplus shall be used as follows: (a) If new proceedings are started within one year after the close of the last contract year, such surplus shall be applied toward a reduction of the first installment of the new assessment. Such part of the surplus as was collected from each zone or subdivided zone shall be applied to reduce the installment levied against that zone or subdivided zone. (b) If new proceedings are not started within the one-year period or if one or more zones or subdivided zones are omitted for any reason from the new proceedings any such surplus or the surplus attributable to such omitted zones or subdivided zones shall become and remain a part of the general funds of the city.


18093. If for any reason there is a deficiency in the funds derived from the assessment for any improvement, including all incidental expenses thereof, the city council may meet such deficiency by an appropriation out of the general fund of the city or by ordering a supplemental assessment in the same manner as nearly as may be as the first assessment, except that protests may only be made against such supplemental assessment.


18094. Upon the levying of any assessment, the city clerk shall transmit the diagram and assessment upon which such levy is based, or a certified copy of said diagram and assessment to the city tax collector or to such other city officer or employee as the city council designates in the resolution levying the assessment or in case the city has adopted a method for collection of taxes by county officers then to the county tax collector, and such county tax collector shall have full power to perform the duties required in this part of the city tax collector.


18095. The validity of any assessment levied under this part shall not be contested in any action or proceeding unless such action or proceeding is commenced within 30 days after the time the assessment is levied, and any appeal from a final judgment in such an action or proceeding shall be perfected within 30 days after the entry of such judgment.


18096. Upon the receipt of the diagram and assessment or a certified copy thereof, the tax collector shall record them in a suitable book to be kept for that purpose, and append thereto his certificate of the date of such recording. Such record shall be the assessment roll. From the date of such recording all persons shall be deemed to have notice of the contents of such assessment roll. Immediately upon such recording, the several assessments contained in such assessment roll shall become due and payable, and each of such assessments shall be a lien upon the land against which it is made, and shall only be discharged by payment of the assessment or by redemption of the land after sale for delinquency.


18097. The tax collector shall, upon the recording of such diagram and assessment, give notice by publication for five days in a daily newspaper, published and circulated in the city, or by two insertions in a weekly newspaper so published and circulated, that the diagram and assessment has been recorded in his office and that all sums assessed therein are due and payable immediately, and that payment of said sums shall be made to him within 30 days after the date of the first publication or posting, which date shall be stated in the notice. The notice shall also contain the statement that all assessments not paid before the expiration of the said 30 days shall be delinquent, and thereupon 5 per cent of the amount of each such assessment shall be added thereto.


18098. When payment of any assessment is made, the tax collector shall mark opposite such assessment the word "paid," with the date of the payment thereof, and shall give a receipt therefor. Upon the expiration of said period of 30 days, all assessments then unpaid shall become delinquent, and the tax collector shall mark each such assessment "delinquent," and shall add 5 per cent to the amount thereof.


18099. The lien shall be subordinate to all fixed special assessment liens previously imposed upon the same property, but it shall have priority over all fixed special assessment liens which may thereafter be created against the property. A supplemental assessment is a new assessment.


Chapter 7. Sale And Redemption Of Delinquent Property

Ca Codes (shc:18120-18131) Streets And Highways Code Section 18120-18131



18120. The tax collector shall, within 30 days after the date of delinquency, begin the publication of a notice of sale of the land upon which the assessments have not been paid, which publication shall be made by two insertions in a daily or weekly newspaper published and circulated in the city. The dates fixed for the sale of such land shall be not less than five days nor more than 10 days after the last publication of said notice of sale, or after the completion of posting, as the case may be.


18121. The notice of sale so published shall contain a description sufficient to identify each lot or parcel of land delinquent, and opposite each description the name of its owner, if known, otherwise designating him as unknown, and the amount of the assessment and costs due, including the cost of advertisement, which cost of advertisement shall not exceed the sum of fifty cents ($0.50) for each lot or parcel of land separately assessed. The tax collector shall append to and publish with the notice of sale a notice that unless each delinquent assessment, together with the penalties and costs thereon, is paid, the land upon which the assessment is a lien will be sold at public auction, at a time and place to be specified in the notice.


18122. At any time after such delinquency and prior to the sale of any lots or parcels of land assessed and delinquent, any person may pay the assessment thereon, together with the penalties and costs due thereon, including the cost of advertising, if such payment is made after the first publication of notice of sale.


18123. At the time and place fixed in the notice of sale the tax collector shall proceed with such sale, commencing at the head of the list of lands contained in such notice and continuing in the numerical order thereof until all the land is sold, except that he may postpone or continue the sale from day to day until the sale is completed. The tax collector shall separately sell each lot or parcel of land described in such notice, or so much thereof as is necessary to realize the amount assessed against the lot or parcel together with the penalties and costs, and fifty cents ($0.50) for a certificate of sale. If there is no other purchaser the lot or parcel shall be struck off to the city as purchaser.


18124. The tax collector shall issue for each sale an original and duplicate certificate of sale, referring to the proceedings, describing the lot or parcel of land sold, and giving the name of the purchaser and the amount for which the lot or parcel was sold. He shall deliver the original certificate to the purchaser, and he shall keep the duplicate on file in his office.


18125. At any time after the date of sale and prior to the issuance and delivery of a deed to the land sold, any land sold under the provisions of this chapter may be redeemed by the payment to the tax collector of the amount for which the land was sold, with an additional penalty of 1 per cent per month of said amount together with such other penalties as may be payable as provided in this chapter. Said 1 per cent penalties shall be added on the first day of each month following the date of the sale of the land.


18126. The redemption money shall be paid by the tax collector to the person holding the original certificate of sale upon his delivering up such certificate and receipting for the amount received from the tax collector therefor. Upon redemption of any lot or parcel of land the tax collector shall enter the fact and date of such redemption upon the duplicate certificate of sale thereof.


18127. At any time after the expiration of 12 months from the date of sale, the tax collector shall execute to the purchaser, or his assignee, on his application, if such purchaser or assignee has complied with the provisions of this chapter a deed of the land sold, in which shall be recited substantially the matters contained in the certificate, also any assignment thereof and the fact that no person has redeemed the land. The tax collector shall receive from the applicant for a deed one dollar ($1) for making such deed, unless the city is the purchaser, in which case no charge shall be made therefor.

18128. The purchaser or his assignee shall, at least 30 days before he applies for a deed, serve upon the owner of the land, and upon the occupant of the land if it is occupied, a written notice setting forth: (a) A description of the land. (b) That the land has been sold for a delinquent assessment (specifying the improvement for which the assessment was made). (c) The amount for which the land was sold. (d) The amount necessary to redeem at the time of giving notice. (e) The date when such purchaser or assignee will apply to the tax collector for a deed.


18129. If the owner can not be found, after due diligence, the notice shall be posted in a conspicuous place upon the land at least 30 days before the date stated therein, at which the application for a deed will be made. The person applying for a deed shall file with the tax collector an affidavit showing that notice of such application has been given, as required, and if the notice was not served on the owner of the land personally, that due diligence was used to find the owner. The tax collector shall receive and file such affidavit in his office.

18130. If redemption of the land is made after such affidavit is filed, and more than 11 months from the date of sale, the person making such redemption shall pay, in addition to the other amounts required, three dollars ($3) for the service of notice and the making of such affidavit, which amount shall be paid over to the purchaser or his assignee in the same manner as other sums paid for redemption. No deed for any land sold for delinquent assessments shall be delivered by the tax collector until the purchaser or his assignee has complied with all the provisions of this chapter and filed the proper affidavit with the tax collector.


18131. The deed of the tax collector shall be prima facie evidence of the truth of all matters recited therein, and of the regularity of all proceedings prior to the execution thereof, and of title in the grantee.


Chapter 8. Alternative Procedure For Installment Assessments 18150-18155

Ca Codes (shc:18150-18155) Streets And Highways Code Section 18150-18155



18150. The procedure in this chapter shall be an alternative procedure to that provided in other sections of this part, and the city council may use this procedure or not, in its discretion, and when used the period for which the work is to be done shall be upon a fiscal year basis.


18151. When the assessment has been adopted and confirmed, as provided in Section 18075, the city clerk shall transmit the report, diagram and assessment, or a certified copy thereof, as finally adopted and confirmed to the city auditor, who shall record the same and thereafter enter on the assessment roll for general city taxes next coming due, opposite each lot or parcel of land affected, in a space marked "street lighting assessment" or other suitable designation, the assessment coming due thereon during the fiscal year covered by the assessment roll.


18152. Assessments coming due under this procedure in any year during the period of time stated in the resolution of intention shall be payable in annual or semiannual installments, accordingly as the general city taxes are payable in annual or semiannual installments, and shall be payable and become delinquent at the same times and in the same proportionate amounts and bear the same proportionate penalties and interest after delinquency as general city taxes. Property securing such assessments shall be sold after delinquency in the same manner as property is sold for delinquent general city taxes, and shall be subject to redemption in the same manner as property is redeemable from sale for delinquent general city taxes.


18153. The city may be the purchaser at any delinquent sale under this chapter in like manner as it may become the purchaser of property sold for delinquent general city taxes, and when the city becomes the purchaser it shall transfer into the special fund devoted to the improvement the amount of the delinquent assessment, penalties and interest then due thereon. In cases where under the law the city is not always the purchaser at sales for delinquent general city taxes, the city shall become the purchaser at any delinquent sale under this chapter if there is no other purchaser.


18154. When the city becomes the purchaser the land shall not again be sold for any succeeding delinquent assessment, penalties and interest until it has been redeemed from the previous sale. The city shall, however, unless a resale has been made by it, from time to time when due transfer into said special fund, pending redemption, the amount of any succeeding delinquent assessment, penalties and interest. No redemption shall be made until all delinquent assessments, penalties and interest are paid. The purchaser at any delinquent sale, or at any resale by the city if the city was the purchaser, shall take the land subject to all unpaid assessments, penalties and interest due under this chapter.


18155. If the procedure provided for in this chapter is adopted and the duties of assessing property and collecting city taxes are performed for the city by the county assessor and the county tax collector, in the manner provided by law, a certified copy of the diagram and assessment shall be filed with the county auditor on or before the tenth day of August. In each such diagram and assessment so filed with the county auditor, the descriptions of the properties reported shall be the descriptions used for the same properties on the map books of the county assessor for the then current year. The county auditor shall enter the amounts of the respective assessments on the county tax roll opposite the respective parcels of land and thereafter the said amounts shall be collected at the same time and in the same manner as county taxes are collected and all laws applicable to the levy, collection and enforcement of county taxes shall be and are hereby made applicable to such special assessment taxes.


Chapter 8.5. Alternative Procedure For Levying And Collecting Assessments On Ad Valorem Basis

Ca Codes (shc:18160-18169) Streets And Highways Code Section 18160-18169



18160. The procedure in this chapter shall be an alternative procedure for levying and collecting assessments, and the city council may by resolution determine, in its discretion, that this procedure shall be followed. Such determination may be made, with respect to the procedures governing the organization of the district, at the time when the city council shall order the making and filing of a report as provided in Section 18040. Such determination may be made in any succeeding year during the period of time for which the improvement is ordered to be continued, at least 60 days prior to the making of the general tax levy for city purposes.


18161. In the event that the city council shall determine to follow the procedure provided in this chapter with respect to the organization of the district, the report shall omit the diagram and proposed assessment referred to in subdivisions (c) and (d) of Section 18041, but the plans and specifications referred to in subdivision (a) of Section 18041 shall include or be accompanied by a map or plat of the district, showing the lands, including all zones thereof, if any, to be benefited by the proposed improvement and to be assessed to pay the expenses thereof.


18162. In the event that the city council shall determine to follow the procedure provided in this chapter with respect to the organization of the district, the resolution ordering the proposed improvement as contemplated by Section 18075 shall: (a) Describe, in writing or by reference to the map or plat referred to in Section 18161 with any modifications required by the city council, the boundaries of the district, and of any zone included therein, as they may be finally established, and designate the district and each zone therein by name, number or other distinctive method; (b) State the period of time for which the proposed improvement shall continue and, in the event the maintenance and servicing is to be furnished by the city, the dates of commencement and ending of such period; (c) Describe briefly the proposed improvement, stating its estimated cost for the first year, and order the proposed improvement to be made; (d) Specify what portions of the estimated cost for the first year shall be borne by the city and the district respectively, if less than the entire cost is to be borne by the district, and designate the fund to be charged with such cost; (e) Specify what proportion of the estimated cost for the first year to be borne by the district shall be borne by each zone therein; (f) Order that portion of the estimated cost proposed to be borne by the district, and by each zone therein, to be paid by special assessment taxes levied upon all the lands, exclusive of improvements, within the district and any zone therein.


18163. A certified copy of the resolution ordering the proposed improvement and the map or plat of the district referred to in Section 18161 shall be filed with each assessor whose roll is used for the levy, and with the State Board of Equalization. Compliance with this section shall be sufficient to meet the requirements of Chapter 8 (commencing with Section 54900), Part 1, Division 2, Title 5, of the Government Code. The map or plat shall show the precise location of the boundaries of the district and any zones thereof, and shall contain such information and data necessary to locate and retrace any and all such boundary lines, or shall be accompanied by a statement setting forth a legal description of such boundaries. Thereafter the assessor in making up the city assessment roll shall segregate the property included within the district on the assessment roll under the district designation contained in the resolution.


18164. Each year during the period of time for which the improvement is to continue, and not less than 30 days prior to the making of the general tax levy for city purposes, the board, commission, officer or person designated pursuant to the provisions of Section 18040 shall furnish to the city council an estimate of the costs of the improvement for the next year. For the first year, the estimate of the cost of the improvement set forth in the resolution ordering the improvement shall be used.


18165. The city council shall, at the time of making the next general tax levy and in the manner provided for the general tax levy, levy a special assessment tax upon all lands, and may at such time and in such manner levy a special assessment upon all improvements, within the district, and within any zone therein, which will be sufficient to raise that portion of the estimated cost of the improvement for the next year which is to be borne by the district. The city council shall state in its levy whether the special assessment is upon all land within the district or upon all land and all improvements within the district.

18166. Each year, at the time of making the special assessment tax levy, the city council shall appropriate from the fund designated in the resolution ordering the improvement or from any other available fund a sum sufficient to pay that portion of the total cost of the improvement which is to be paid by the city.

18167. The city council may also transfer from the general fund of the city to the fund of the district sufficient money to pay all or any part of the percentage of the yearly cost of the improvement which is to be paid from funds raised from the district. The amount of money so transferred shall be deemed a loan to the district fund and shall be repaid to the general fund from the first money thereafter coming into the district fund from taxes levied upon lands within the district.


18168. The special assessment tax shall be levied, computed, entered, collected and enforced at the same time, in the same manner, by the same persons and with the same penalties as other taxes for city purposes and when collected shall be paid into the city treasury to the credit of the fund of the district and shall, subject to the provisions of Sections 18092 and 18092.1, which shall be applicable to the procedure provided by this chapter, be used only for the payment of the expenses of the district.


18169. If for any reason there is a deficiency in the funds derived from the assessment for any improvement, including all incidental expenses thereof, the city council may meet such deficiency by an appropriation out of the general fund of the city.


Chapter 9. Bids And Awards Of Contract

Ca Codes (shc:18170) Streets And Highways Code Section 18170



18170. At any time after the transmission of the diagram and assessment to the city tax collector or city auditor, the city council may let the contract for making such improvement. If the proceeding was commenced before the street lighting system referred to in the resolution of intention was installed or ordered installed, then such contract shall not be awarded until the street lighting system is installed or is duly ordered installed by the city council. If the installation of such proposed lighting system is abandoned, then the proceedings under this part shall be abandoned.


Chapter 10. Miscellaneous Provisions

Ca Codes (shc:18190-18193) Streets And Highways Code Section 18190-18193



18190. The money collected by the tax collector shall be paid by him, as fast as collected, to the city treasurer, who shall place it in a special fund designated by the name of the improvement proceeding, and payment shall be made out of said special fund only for the purposes provided for in this part. To expedite the making of any such improvement, the city council may at any time transfer into said special fund, out of any money in the general fund, such sums as it may deem necessary, and the sums so transferred shall be deemed a loan to such special fund, and shall be repaid out of the proceeds of the assessments provided for in this part.


18191. The city council may adopt a resolution declaring its intention to abandon an assessment district or any portion thereof, describing the area to be abandoned and appointing a time and place for hearing as provided in Section 18070. Such resolution may be adopted at any time prior to the awarding of any contract for making the improvement but no such resolution which would otherwise be effective after the award of such contract and prior to its date of termination as contemplated in Section 18171.1 shall be adopted without the prior receipt by the city council of the written consent of the contractor. Notice of the adoption of the resolution shall be posted and published, protests may be filed, and the hearing shall be held as provided in Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 18070) of this division. If there is a protest to such abandonment made by the owners of more than one-half the area of the land subject to assessment in such area to be abandoned, the city council shall forthwith cease such abandonment proceedings unless that body, by a four-fifths affirmative vote of all its members finds that the public interest and convenience require such abandonment.


18192. The city council may reinstitute any such abandoned assessment district or abandoned portion of such assessment district as a separate district, either concurrently with or following proceedings for abandonment in the same manner as provided in this division for the establishment of the district initially. In the event that the abandonment and reinstatement proceedings are concurrent, the resolution of intention to abandon shall recite such fact.

18193. Upon such entire or partial abandonment, all money collected for any improvements which have not been made, which money has not been paid therefor, shall be repaid to the owners of the parcels in the abandoned portion as shown on the last equalized assessment roll preceding the date of partial abandonment; provided, however, that if a district is reinstated concurrently with a partial abandonment, such money shall not be repaid but shall be credited against the cost of the improvements of the reinstated district.


Part 2. The Street Lighting Act Of 1931

Chapter 1. General Provisions

Ca Codes (shc:18300-18313) Streets And Highways Code Section 18300-18313



18300. This part may be cited as the Street Lighting Act of 1931.


18301. This part shall be liberally construed in order to effectuate its purposes.


18302. This part provides an alternative system for making the improvements authorized by this part, and the provisions of this part shall not apply to or affect any other provisions of this code. When any proceedings are commenced under this part, the provisions of this part and no others shall apply to all such proceedings.


18303. Unless the particular provision or the context otherwise requires, the definitions and general provisions contained in this chapter shall govern the construction of this part.


18304. "Street lighting system" or "system" includes any or all appliances, poles, posts, electroliers, transformers, lighting units, lamps, cables, wires, pipes, conduits, and other suitable or necessary works or appliances for street lighting purposes. Any such street lighting system may include all or any portion of a city.


18305. "Service," and any of its variants, means the electrical current or energy or other illuminating agent used to light a street lighting system.

18306. "Maintenance" means the repair, replacement, inspection, cleaning or painting of the posts and standards and the equipment attached to or used in connection with such posts and standards, and includes such incidental expenses incurred in connection therewith as may be necessary.


18307. "Improvement," and any of its variants, includes the maintenance or servicing, or both, of all or part of any one or more street lighting systems.

18308. "Contract year" means a period of 12 months.


18309. "Installment assessment" means the amount levied by the city council for the first or any subsequent contract year to create a fund with which to pay for the improvement for the next contract year.

18310. "Clerk" or "city clerk" means any person or officer who is or acts as clerk of the city council.


18311. "Street" includes alleys and other public places.


18312. "City" includes all corporations organized and existing for municipal purposes.


18313. "City council" includes any body which by law is the legislative department of the government of the city.


Chapter 2. Authority To Maintain And Service

Ca Codes (shc:18320-18325) Streets And Highways Code Section 18320-18325



18320. Whenever in the opinion of the city council the public interest or convenience may require, that body may: (a) Order any street lighting system to be maintained in or along the whole or any part of any one or more of the streets in such city. (b) Order electric current or energy, gas, or other illuminating agent to be furnished for such street lighting system. (c) Determine and declare the lands to be benefited by any such improvement. (d) Assess, either partly or wholly, the costs and expenses (including all incidental expenses) of such improvement, or of any one or more of the items thereof, upon the lands benefited.


18321. The improvement shall be for a period to commence at a time to be fixed by the city council but not exceeding five years from the date of commencement thereof.


18322. The provisions of this part shall not be limited to the improvement of street lighting systems owned only by the city, but the city council may also order such improvement to be made upon street lighting systems provided and installed by, and remaining the property of, any public utility, public corporation, or other person with whom a contract is entered into for such improvement and may assess the costs and expenses thereof in accordance with this part.


18323. If there is more than one street lighting system in any city any or all of such systems may be consolidated and improved under one proceeding. In such case the consolidated system shall be zoned so that those systems of approximately the same general type are grouped together.


18324. Whenever a street lighting system is installed along a boundary line or street of any city, the city council may, by resolution, assess the land abutting upon such boundary line or street for the estimated cost and expense of improving the system, even though the system is partially or entirely without the boundaries of the city.


18325. If land has been assessed pursuant to Section 18324, the city council may proceed in all respects in connection therewith as though the street lighting system were entirely within the city limits; except that the city council may enter into a contract with the legislative body of the city or county having jurisdiction over the adjoining territory either to improve all or any portion of the street lighting system, or to have all or any portion of the system improved by the legislative body of the adjoining territory. The legislative body contracting to furnish such improvement may enter into any contract or issue any purchase order authorized in this part.


Chapter 3. Report And Resolution Of Intention

Ca Codes (shc:18340-18343) Streets And Highways Code Section 18340-18343



18340. The city council shall, prior to the adoption of the resolution of intention to order any improvement to be made, require the superintendent of streets to make and file with the clerk a written report containing the following: (a) An estimate of the cost of such improvement and incidental expenses for the period of time recommended to be specified in the resolution of intention. (b) A diagram or map showing the streets affected by the proceeding and in which street lighting systems have been installed and also each lot or parcel of land abutting such streets. Each lot or parcel of land shall be given a separate number upon the diagram. The diagram, as finally approved by the city council, shall govern for all details as to the lots or parcels of land benefited by the proceeding. (c) A proposed assessment of the total amount of the probable or estimated costs and expenses of the proposed improvement upon the several lots or parcels of land shown on the diagram or map referred to in subdivision (b) above, in proportion to the estimated benefits to be received by each such lot or parcel of land, respectively, for the period of time recommended for the continuance of the improvement and which is to be set out in the resolution of intention. The assessment shall refer to such lots or parcels of land upon the diagram or map by the respective numbers thereon. (d) Plans and specifications which shall set out, among other things, the general type of street lighting system in each zone. The lighting systems to be improved shall be divided into zones and in each zone shall be grouped those systems of approximately the same general type. It shall be a sufficient description of the location of the lights to be improved if such plans or specifications show or describe the approximate location of the lights.


18341. Upon the filing of the report, the clerk shall present it to the city council for consideration at its next regular meeting, and that body may correct or modify it in any respect. The report as approved or as corrected or modified by the city council shall stand as the report for the purpose of all subsequent proceedings.


18342. When the report has been approved, the city council shall adopt a resolution of intention to order the improvement to be made. The resolution shall: (a) Briefly describe the proposed improvement. (b) Refer to the streets, by their lawful or official names or the names by which they are commonly known. (c) If the improvement is not upon a street and there is no lawful or common name thereof, then briefly describe the land or right of way on which the improvement is to be made. (d) Refer to the report of the superintendent of streets on file in the office of the city clerk. (e) Fix the period of time for which the improvement is to be made.


18343. (a) The city council shall cause notice to be mailed and set the time and date for a public meeting and public hearing pursuant to Section 54954.6 of the Government Code. (b) If assessments are to be levied as contemplated by Section 18340, the notice procedures shall comply with Section 53753 of the Government Code.


Chapter 4. Protest And Hearing

Ca Codes (shc:18362-18366) Streets And Highways Code Section 18362-18366



18362. (a) At any time not later than the hour set for hearing protests any owner of any lot or parcel of land liable to be assessed for the improvement may make written protest against the proposed improvement by filing his or her protest with the clerk. No other protests shall be considered by the city council except as provided in this chapter. (b) If assessments are to be levied, the protest and hearing procedures shall comply with Section 53753 of the Government Code.


18364. If there is a majority protest by the landowners in any zone to the improvement in that zone, or if the street superintendent reports that it is practical to subdivide a zone and a majority of the landowners in that subdivided zone protest the improvement in that subdivided zone, the city council shall strike that zone or subdivided zone from the proceedings and correct the proposed assessment accordingly, unless that body, by a four-fifths affirmative vote of all its members finds that the public health and safety require that street lights in that zone or subdivided zone be improved. The determination of the city council shall be final and conclusive.


18365. If a zone or subdivided zone is struck from the proceedings, the city council may proceed the same as though that zone or subdivided zone was not a part of the original proceedings.


18366. Immediately upon the city council's determination it shall have jurisdiction to confirm the report and assessment, and order the proposed improvement to be contracted for or supplied as provided in this part.


Chapter 5. Levying And Collecting The Assessment

Ca Codes (shc:18390-18405) Streets And Highways Code Section 18390-18405



18390. The city council shall thereafter levy an assessment upon each lot and parcel of land for the first contract year for the amount estimated to be necessary to improve the street lighting system for the ensuing contract year. Prior to the expiration of each contract year the city council shall by resolution fix and levy the assessment for the amount estimated to be necessary to improve the system for such ensuing contract year.


18391. The city council may order by resolution that any part or amount of the next installment of the estimated cost and expense of any improvement be paid out of the city treasury from such fund as the city council may designate, in wihich case the liability and obligation to pay any sum so provided for shall accrue and become fixed upon the date of the levy of the installment assessment next succeeding the adoption of the resolution.


18392. Whenever a part of the next installment of the estimated cost and expense is to be paid by the city, the superintendent of streets, in making up the installment assessment for such cost and expense, shall first deduct from the whole estimated cost and expense that part or amount which is to be paid by the city, and shall assess the remainder of the cost and expense proportionately upon the lots or parcels of land liable to be assessed in the manner provided in this part.


18393. Any surplus assessments collected shall be applied by the city council to reduce the assessment to be levied either for the next ensuing contract year or for the last contract year under the proceedings, and for the latter purpose such surplus may be permitted to accumulate in the assessment fund. Such reductions shall be made as nearly as possible to the zones or subdivided zones from which such surplus assessments were collected.


18394. If there is any suplus remaining at the close of the last contract year under any proceedings, such surplus shall be used as follows: (a) If new proceedings are started within one year after the close of the last contract year, such surplus shall be applied toward a reduction of the first installment of the new assessment. Such part of the surplus as was collected from each zone or subdivided zone shall be applied to reduce the installment levied against that zone or subdivided zone. (b) If new proceedings are not started within the one-year period or if one or more zones or subdivided zones are omitted for any reason from the new proceedings any such surplus shall become and remain a part of the general funds of the city.


18395. Whenever any lot or parcel of land belonging to the United States or to the State of California or to any county, city, public agent, mandatory of the government, school board, educational, penal or reform institution, or institution for the feeble-minded or the insane and being in use in the performance of any public function abuts the public streets, in which street lighting systems are located and are to be improved under the proceedings, the city council may, by resolution adopted prior to the levy of any installment assessment, declare that the said lots or parcels of land or any of them shall be omitted from the installment assessments thereafter to be levied to cover the costs and expenses of the improvement.


18396. If the lots or parcels of land, or any of them, are so omitted from any installment assessment then the total cost and expense of the improvement shall be assessed on the remaining lots or parcels of land lying within such zones or subdivisions of zones as the city shall direct in the resolution, without regard to such omitted lots or parcels of land.


18397. If in such resolution the city council declares that the lots or parcels of land owned as provided in Section 18395 shall be included in an installment assessment or if no declaration is made respecting such lots or parcels of land, or any of them, the city shall be liable for such sums as may thereafter be assessed against such lots or parcels of land, which sums shall be payable by the city out of the general fund unless the city council shall in the resolution designate another fund. Any such sums which may be assessed against any such lots or parcels of land shall not be payable by the city when such sums are paid by the owner of or the governing body controlling such lots or parcels of land.

18398. The validity of any assessment levied under this part shall not be contested in any action or proceeding unless such action or proceeding is commenced within 30 days after the city council has acquired jurisdiction to confirm the report and assessment and any appeal from a final judgment in such an action or proceeding shall be perfected within 30 days after the entry of such judgment.


18399. Upon the levying of an installment assessment the city clerk shall transmit the diagram and assessment and any modifications or corrections thereof made by the city council to the tax collector.


18400. Upon the receipt of the diagram and installment assessment the tax collector shall record them in a suitable book to be kept for that purpose and append thereto his certificate of the date of such recording. Such record shall become a part of the assessment roll upon which other taxes of the city are entered and shall be collected at the same time, in the same manner and by the same officer as in the case of other city taxes.


18401. Where the duties of assessing property and collecting city taxes are performed for the city by the county assessor and the county tax collector, in the manner provided by law, a certified copy of the diagram and assessment shall be filed with the county auditor on or before the tenth day of August. In each such diagram and assessment so filed with the county auditor, the descriptions of the properties reported shall be the descriptions used for the same properties on the map books of the county assessor for the then current year. The county auditor shall enter the amounts of the respective assessments on the county tax roll opposite the respective parcels of land and thereafter the amounts shall be collected at the same time and in the same manner as county taxes are collected and all laws applicable to the levy, collection and enforcement of county taxes shall be and are hereby made applicable to such special assessment taxes.

18402. All sums collected on account of such assessment shall be placed in the city treasury to the credit of a special fund, which shall be designated by the name of the proceeding. The special fund shall be used only for paying the costs and expenses of the improvement described in the resolution ordering the work, including the cost of all posting and publication provided for in this part and any other incidental expenses connected with the proceeding. The city council may at any time advance to such special fund out of any available funds in the city treasury, sums in excess of the amount to be paid by the city toward the cost of such improvement and may reimburse the city for such advances by repaying the amount thereof out of any money that thereafter comes into such special fund.


18403. When the diagram and installment assessment are recorded, the several amounts assessed shall be a lien upon the lots or parcels of land assessed, respectively. Such lien shall continue and be enforced in the same manner and with the same penalties as other taxes of the city are continued and enforced.


18404. Where the duties of assessing property and collecting city taxes are performed for a city by the county assessor and the county tax collector in a manner provided by law, cities and counties may enter into an agreement whereby special assessments may be collected at the same time and in the same manner as county taxes are collected and all laws applicable to the levy, collection and enforcement of county taxes shall be and are hereby made applicable to such special assessments. The amount of the compensation to be paid a county for the collection of such assessments shall be provided for in the agreement.

18405. The lien shall be subordinate to all fixed special assessment liens previously imposed upon the same property, but it shall have priority over all fixed special assessment liens which may thereafter be created against the property. A supplemental assessment is a new assessment.


Chapter 7. City Furnishing Maintenance And Service

Ca Codes (shc:18440) Streets And Highways Code Section 18440



18440. If the city owns or operates or owns and operates a public utility capable of furnishing the improvement provided for in this part, this section may be used as an alternative procedure to that provided in Chapter 6 of this part. The city council by resolution may direct the superintendent of streets, instead of calling for bids and entering into a contract, to issue an interdepartmental purchase order for the improvement of the street lighting system upon such terms as may be agreed upon between the street superintendent and the public utility board or commission. Such purchase order shall not be effective until it is approved by the city council. The interdepartmental purchase order shall state the date on which the improvement shall be started and that it shall continue in force for a period of one year from the effective date thereof.


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Chapter 1. General Provisions

Ca Codes (shc:18600-18609) Streets And Highways Code Section 18600-18609



18600. This part may be cited as the Municipal Lighting Maintenance District Act of 1927.


18601. This part shall be liberally construed in order to effectuate its purposes.


18602. This part provides an alternative system for the maintenance and operation of a street lighting system within cities, and the provisions of this part shall not apply to nor affect any other provisions of this code. When any proceedings are commenced under this part, the provisions of this part and no others shall apply to all such proceedings.


18603. Unless the particular provision or the context otherwise requires, the definitions and general provisions contained in this chapter shall govern the construction of this part.


18604. "City" includes all corporations organized and existing for municipal purposes.


18605. "Street lighting system" or "system" includes any or all appliances, poles, posts, pipes, conduits, lamps and other necessary works or appliances used for street lighting purposes.


18606. "Maintaining and operating" or any of its variants, when used with relation to a street lighting system, includes the cost of necessary repairs, replacements, fuel, power and all other items necessary for the proper maintenance and operation of a street lighting system, or the expense of any one or more of those items.


18607. "City council" includes any body which by law is the legislative department of the government of the city.


18608. "Clerk" or "city clerk" means any person or officer who is or acts as clerk of the city council.


18609. "Public way" includes all public highways, roads, streets, avenues, boulevards, alleys, parkways and other rights of way of the public, or any portion thereof, within a city.


Chapter 2. Authority To Create The District

Ca Codes (shc:18630-18633) Streets And Highways Code Section 18630-18633



18630. Whenever the public interest or convenience may require, the city council of any city in which a street lighting system has been installed may order that the expenses of maintaining and operating the system be assessed, either partly or wholly, upon lands in the city lying within a district which will be benefited by such maintenance and operation.


18631. The lands which will be benefited by, and which are to be assessed for, the maintenance and operation of the system shall form and be known as a lighting maintenance district.


18632. Any number of public ways and one or more street lighting systems may be included in one district, but the district, the public ways and the street lighting systems must lie entirely within the city whose city council forms the district.


18633. Before forming any district or ordering any part of the expenses of the maintenance and operation of any street lighting system to be assessed upon the lands within a district formed under the provisions of this part, the city council shall adopt a resolution of intention so to do.


Chapter 3. Preliminary Report And Resolution Of Intention

Ca Codes (shc:18660-18666) Streets And Highways Code Section 18660-18666



18660. Before adopting a resolution of intention, the city council shall order the city engineer to prepare and file with it a report containing substantially the following matters: (a) A statement of the public ways or portions thereof to be lighted. (b) A general description of the lighting systems to be maintained and operated. (c) A statement of the general items of maintenance and operation proposed to be furnished the systems. Such items may include electric power, gas, repairs, replacements, and any other items necessary for the proper maintenance and operation of the systems. (d) A statement of the estimated cost of maintenance and operation for the first year and an estimate of the amount of electric power necessary for the operation of the system each year.


18661. The city council shall order the engineer to prepare and file with the report a map or plat of the district to be benefited by the maintenance and operation and which is to be assessed to pay the expenses thereof. The map or plat shall also show the public ways to be lighted under the proceedings and the approximate location of the lights to be maintained and operated thereon.


18662. The report and map shall be presented to the city council and examined by it and either the report or map, or both, may be modified by the city council at any time prior to the adoption of the resolution of intention. When the report and map are finally approved by the city council, they shall be filed with the clerk.


18663. The resolution of intention shall contain: (a) A statement of the public ways to be lighted. (b) A general description of the lighting systems to be maintained and operated. (c) A statement of the general items of expense of maintenance and operation proposed to be furnished for the street lighting systems, the cost of which is to be assessed in whole or in part against the lands within the district. Those items may include electric power, gas, repairs, replacements, and any other items necessary for the proper maintenance of the street lighting systems. (d) A statement of the estimated cost of all other items of maintenance and operation to be furnished the systems in the district for the first year; in addition, a separate estimate of the amount of gas or electric power necessary for the systems each year. (e) A general description of the boundaries of the district to be benefited by and to be assessed to pay the costs of the maintenance and operation. (f) A statement of the length of time, which shall not exceed five years from the date of the formation of the district, that the maintenance and operation shall be furnished for the systems. (g) Notice of a public meeting and public hearing shall be given pursuant to Section 54954.6 of the Government Code. All persons having any interest in lands within the district liable to be assessed for the expenses of the maintenance and operation may be heard at the public meeting and the public hearing and any of these persons may present any objections that they may have by written protest filed with the clerk at or before the time set for the hearing. (h) If assessments are to be levied, the notice, protest, and hearing procedures shall comply with Section 53753 of the Government Code.


18664. The city council may order in the resolution of intention that a certain percentage of the costs of such maintenance and operation shall be paid out of the treasury of the city from such fund as the city council may designate.

18665. The resolution shall refer to the map or plat on file with the clerk for the boundaries of the district to be assessed, the public ways to be lighted and the approximate location of the lights thereon.

18666. After the passage of the resolution of intention, the clerk shall publish it by at least two insertions in a daily or weekly newspaper of general circulation designated by the city council for that purpose. Copies of the resolution headed "Notice of formation of lighting maintenance district" in letters not less than one inch in height, and signed by the clerk shall be posted by the superintendent of streets not more than 300 feet apart, and not less than three in all, along all open streets within the district. The first posting of notice and the first publication of the resolution of intention shall each be at least 20 days before the date set for the hearing of protests.


Chapter 4. Protest And Hearing

Ca Codes (shc:18690-18692) Streets And Highways Code Section 18690-18692



18690. At the time and place fixed for the hearing of protests or at any time to which the hearing is adjourned, the city council shall hear the evidence introduced in support of the protests. At the hearing the city council may modify the provisions for the maintenance and operation as stated in the resolution of intention by omitting one or more of the items stated therein, and may modify the boundaries of the district, but any land not within the district as described in the resolution of intention may not be included therein. The city council may change the percentage of the total maintenance and operation cost to be paid by the city and by the district; but the percentage to be paid by the district shall not be increased without further notice being given and a hearing being held in the same manner as notice was given and a hearing held on the original resolution of intention.


18691. The city council may, by four-fifths vote, deny all protests finding that the public health and safety require that the improvements be made and its decision thereon shall be final and conclusive. If any protests on matters which can not be modified as provided in Section 18690 hereof are sustained, the proceedings shall be abandoned but may be renewed at any time. No land shall be included within the district which in the judgment of the city council will not be benefited by the street lighting system as that body has finally determined to maintain and operate it.


18692. If no protests are filed or if all protests filed are heard and denied, or if any of the authorized modifications are made and the city council after hearing evidence on the question of benefits, determines that the territory within the finally established boundaries of the district will be benefited by the maintenance and operation finally determined upon, then the city council shall have jurisdiction to proceed.


Chapter 5. The Final Resolution

Ca Codes (shc:18710-18711) Streets And Highways Code Section 18710-18711



18710. The city council may, by final resolution, order the district formed. The final resolution shall: (a) Describe the boundaries of the district as finally established. (b) List the items of maintenance and operation agreed to be furnished, and their estimated cost for the first year, and order that those items be furnished from time to time as necessary. (c) Order that the percentage of the total expenses of the maintenance and operation to be paid by the district shall be paid by special assessment taxes levied upon all the lands, exclusive of improvements, within the district. (d) Specify the percentages of the total expenses of maintenance and operation to be paid by the district and by the city respectively.


18711. A certified copy of the final resolution shall be filed with the assessor who makes the assessment for general city taxes. Thereafter the assessor in making up the city assessment roll shall segregate the property included within the district on the assessment roll under the district designation contained in the resolution.



Chapter 6. Levying And Collecting The Assessment

Ca Codes (shc:18730-18734) Streets And Highways Code Section 18730-18734



18730. Each year during the existence of the district and at least 30 days prior to the making of the general tax levy for city purposes, the city engineer shall furnish to the city council an estimate of the expenses for the next year of the items of maintenance and operation provided for in the final resolution. The first year the engineer shall not make an estimate but the estimate in the final resolution shall be used. The city council shall at the time of making the next general tax levy in the city and in the manner provided for the general tax levy, levy a special assessment tax upon all the lands, exclusive of improvements, within the district which will be sufficient to raise that percentage of the total sum required in the estimate which is to be raised from the district.

18731. The special assessment tax shall be levied, computed, entered, collected and enforced at the same time, in the same manner, by the same persons and with the same penalties and priority of lien as other taxes for city purposes and when collected shall be paid into the city treasury to the credit of the fund of the district and shall be used only for the payment of the expenses of the district.


18732. The city council shall control and order the expenditure of the funds of the district for the purposes of maintenance and operation as provided in the final resolution. If at the expiration of any year there is an unexpended balance in the district fund, the balance shall, to that extent, reduce the fund to be raised from the district for the next year. Any balance remaining in the fund at the end of the term for which the district is formed shall be used to help furnish electric current for the systems maintained and operated from the funds raised in whole or in part from the district.


18733. Each year at the time of making the special assessment tax levy the city council shall appropriate from the fund designated in the resolution of intention or from any other available fund a sum sufficient to pay that percentage of the total expenses of the maintenance and operation which is to be paid by the city.


18734. The city council may also transfer from the general fund of the city to the fund of the district sufficient money to pay all or any part of the percentage of the yearly expenses of the maintenance and operation which is to be paid from funds raised from the district. The amount of money so transferred shall be deemed a loan to the district fund and shall be repaid to the general fund from the first money thereafter coming into the district fund from taxes levied upon lands within the district.


Chapter 8. Miscellaneous Provisions

Ca Codes (shc:18780-18781) Streets And Highways Code Section 18780-18781



18780. The sole acts necessary to confer jurisdiction upon the city council to order the formation of a district under the provisions of this part and the furnishing of maintenance and operation for street lighting systems therein shall consist of the adoption of a resolution of intention and the publication of the same in accordance with the provisions of this part.


18781. No error, defect, irregularity, informality, neglect or omission of any officer of any city in any proceeding taken under the provisions of this part, which does not affect the jurisdiction of the governing body to order the formation of a district shall avoid or invalidate the proceedings.


Part 4. The Highway Lighting District Act

Chapter 1. General Provisions

Ca Codes (shc:19000-19008) Streets And Highways Code Section 19000-19008



19000. This part may be cited as the Highway Lighting District Act.


19001. This part shall be liberally construed to effectuate its purposes.

19002. This part provides an alternative system for making the improvements authorized by this part, and this part does not apply to or affect any other provisions of this code. When any proceedings are commenced under this part, the provisions of this part and no others apply to the proceedings.


19003. Unless the particular provision or the context otherwise requires, the definitions and general provisions contained in this chapter shall govern the construction of this part.


19004. "Street lighting system" or "system" includes any system of illumination by means of street lights which are set upon poles or suspended in the air and use gas, electricity or any other feasible means of illumination.

19005. "Clerk" or "county clerk" means any person or officer who is or acts as clerk of the board of supervisors of the county.


19006. "Service," and any of its variants, means and includes the furnishing of electric current or energy, gas, or other illuminating agent to all or part of any street lighting system.


19007. "Governing body" refers to the board of supervisors of the county acting as the ex officio governing body of the lighting district, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.


19008. "Public highway" or "highway" includes any highway, county highway, state highway, public street, avenue, alley, park, parkway, driveway, or public place, in any county, or unincorporated town or village which is dedicated to the public and generally used for traffic by the public or which is privately owned, opened to public traffic, and located within the boundaries of a district created under this part.


Chapter 2. Proceedings For The Formation Of The District

Ca Codes (shc:19030-19037) Streets And Highways Code Section 19030-19037



19030. In accordance with the provisions of this part any unincorporated area in this State may be established as a highway lighting district for the purpose of installing and maintaining a street lighting system on public highways within the district for the better protection of the public traveling thereon.


19031. Proceedings for the formation of a highway lighting district may be instituted by filing, at a regular meeting of the board of supervisors of the county in which the proposed district to be benefited thereby is situated, a petition signed by 15 or more taxpayers thereof or by the owners of taxable property representing 60 percent or more of the total assessed valuation of all taxable property within the proposed district.


19032. The petition shall contain the name of the proposed district, a description of its boundaries, and a statement that the provisions of this part shall govern the proceeding.


19033. The name of the proposed district shall be in the following form: ____ lighting district (using the name of the district), of ____ County (using the name of the county in which the district is situated), and if the district is established it shall be thereafter designated by that name.


19034. Upon the presentation of a petition requesting that the District Investigation Law of 1933 be declared inapplicable to the proceedings, the clerk of the board of supervisors shall immediately refer the same to an appropriate county officer, who shall certify to the board the number of owners of taxable property within the boundaries of the proposed district whose names appear on said petition, together with the percentage of the total assessed valuation of all taxable property within the boundaries of the proposed district, which said signatures represent.


19035. If the certifying officer certifies that the petition bears the signatures of owners of taxable property within the proposed district, representing 60 percent or more of the total assessed valuation of all taxable property therein, the board of supervisors may determine and order, by a four-fifths vote, that the proceedings required by the District Investigation Law of 1933 are unnecessary and that said law shall not apply. The petition shall thereupon be filed without an accompanying bond or other undertaking. If said determination and order is made, the notice of hearing on the petition shall so state.

19036. The county assessment roll last equalized at the time the petition is first presented shall be conclusive evidence as to ownership of taxable property and the assessed value thereof.


19037. The affidavit of the person who circulated and obtained the signatures on the petition, stating that to the best of his knowledge and belief said signatures are genuine and are the signatures of taxpayers within the proposed district, shall be prima facie evidence of the facts recited.


Chapter 3. Protests And Hearing

Ca Codes (shc:19050-19056) Streets And Highways Code Section 19050-19056



19050. The board of supervisors shall fix a time, not less than 25 nor more than 30 days after the filing of the petition, for hearing the petition and the protests of interested persons.


19051. The clerk shall cause notices of the filing and hearing of the petition to be posted at least seven days before the date set for the hearing in three public places in the district. The notice shall be headed "Notice of the proposed formation of ____ (insert name of the proposed lighting district) lighting district" in letters not less than one inch in height and in legible type it shall: (a) State the fact and date of the filing of the petition. (b) Specify the date and hour set for hearing the petition and the protests of interested parties. (c) Specify the boundaries of the proposed district. (d) Refer to the petition for further particulars.


19052. The clerk shall also cause a notice, similar in content to the posted notice, to be published at least once a week for two consecutive weeks in a newspaper selected by the board of supervisors which is of general circulation and is printed and published in the county in which the proposed district is located. The last publication shall be made at least seven days before the date set for the hearing of the petition.


19053. Any person interested, who objects either to the formation of the district, or to the extent of the district, or to the proposed improvement, or to the inclusion of his property in the district, may file a written protest, setting forth his objections, with the clerk at or before the time set for the hearing of the petition. The clerk shall indorse on each protest the date of its filing with him, and at the time appointed for the hearing he shall present all protests so filed with him to the board of supervisors.


19054. The board of supervisors shall hear and pass upon the petition and protests at the time appointed or at any time to which the hearing thereof is adjourned. Its decision thereon shall be final and conclusive.

19055. If any person protests against the extent of the district, or against the inclusion of property in the district, the board of supervisors shall have power to make such changes in the boundaries of the proposed district as it finds to be proper and advisable. The board of supervisors shall establish the boundaries of the district in accordance with its findings, but it shall not extend the boundaries of the district, nor shall it modify the boundaries so as to exclude from the proposed district any territory which will be benefited by the improvement. Any territory which in the judgment of the board will not be benefited by the improvement shall not be included within the proposed district.


19056. In the event that an ordinance requires the installation of a street lighting system by a subdivider, the board of supervisors may, as an alternative procedure, adopt a resolution stating that the territory described in the resolution is owned by the subdivider and comes under the terms of such ordinance, and order that such territory be formed into a district or annexed to a district. If this procedure is used, the provisions of this part relating to petition, notice, hearing, election, and the District Investigation Law of 1933 shall not be applicable.


Chapter 4. Authority To Proceed

Ca Codes (shc:19070-19071) Streets And Highways Code Section 19070-19071



19070. If no protests are filed, or if all protests filed are heard and denied or if authorized modifications are made in the boundaries of the proposed district and the boundaries finally established, the board of supervisors shall have jurisdiction to proceed.


19071. If the board finds that the petition was signed by taxpayers representing 60 percent or more of the total assessed valuation of all taxable property within the territory therein proposed to be formed into a district, and within the boundaries thereof as finally established by the board, and that public interest and convenience do not require that an election be held upon the proposed formation of said district, it may proceed to establish the district by resolution. The provisions of Section 19112 shall apply to a district formed pursuant to this section.


Chapter 5. Calling And Conducting The Election

Ca Codes (shc:19090-19094) Streets And Highways Code Section 19090-19094



19090. Within 30 days after acquiring jurisdiction to proceed, the board of supervisors shall by resolution order that an election be held in the proposed district to determine whether or not the district shall be formed. The board may establish one or more voting precincts within the district and appoint one inspector, one judge, and two clerks residing in the district for each voting precinct to conduct the election, which shall be held on the next established election date not less than 130 days after the date of the resolution ordering it to be held.


19091. The election shall be called by posting notice thereof in three public places in the proposed lighting district, and by publishing the notice in a daily or weekly newspaper, published and circulated in the district, if there is one, at least once a week for not less than 15 days. The notices shall specify the time, place and purposes of the election, give the boundaries of the proposed lighting district, and the hours during which the polls will be kept open. The polls shall be open the same hours as provided at general elections.

19092. The election shall be conducted in accordance with the general election laws of this state, where applicable. The ballots shall contain the words, "For lighting district," and "Against lighting district," and the voter shall mark his or her ballot in the space provided for that purpose, in accordance with the general election laws of this state.


19093. Every registered voter in the jurisdiction shall be entitled to vote at this election.


19094. The precinct boards shall canvass the votes in accordance with the general laws of this state. The board of supervisors may order the county elections official to conduct the official canvass within seven days subsequent to the holding of the election.


Chapter 6. Establishing The District

Ca Codes (shc:19110-19112) Streets And Highways Code Section 19110-19112



19110. If a majority of the votes cast at the election is in favor of a lighting district, the board of supervisors shall by resolution establish the district.


19111. If a majority of the votes cast are against the lighting district, the board of supervisors shall by order so declare. No other proceedings shall be taken for the formation of another lighting district until the expiration of one year from the date of filing of the defeated petition.


19112. The fact of the filing of the petition, and the resolution establishing the lighting district, shall be entered in the minutes of the board of supervisors and that entry shall be conclusive evidence of the existence and validity of the district and of the fact that all steps prerequisite to its existence were duly and regularly taken.


Chapter 7. Authority Of The Governing Body

Ca Codes (shc:19130-19132) Streets And Highways Code Section 19130-19132



19130. The board of supervisors of the county in which the lighting district has been established shall be ex officio the governing body of the lighting district and shall serve without compensation.


19131. The district may sue and be sued.


19132. The governing body shall: (a) Make all rules, regulations and laws necessary for the administration, operation and maintenance of the highway lighting district. (b) Supervise and plan a system of highway illumination for the district and decide upon the kind of service most feasible for the district. Nothing in this chapter shall prevent the board of supervisors from installing and maintaining electric lights on highways in the district for the safety of persons using the roads and bridges and from paying for the same out of the road fund of the county or district road fund. (c) Indicate the placing and installation of all lights and any and all subsequent additional lights, except that the governing body may authorize a designated officer to indicate the placing and installation of lights in accordance with standards adopted by the governing body. (d) Receive bids, award and make contracts with lighting companies in the name of the district to its very best advantage for the installation and maintenance of the street lighting system or any portion thereof and for servicing the same, except the governing body may authorize a designated officer to make, execute, and administer such contracts in the name of the district in accordance with this chapter. (e) Determine the number of employees necessary to properly care for and maintain the system. The governing body shall prescribe their duties and fix their compensation. All district employees shall hold their positions at the pleasure of the governing body. (f) Designate the hours for lighting the district. (g) Perform all other acts necessary or proper to carry out the provisions of this part.


Chapter 8. Bids And Award Of Contracts

Ca Codes (shc:19151) Streets And Highways Code Section 19151



19151. In granting authority to install the system and in contractng for service the governing body shall impose such restrictions and conditions, and provide for such locations of the various wires and lights, as will work the least possible public or private inconvenience.


Chapter 9. Installation Of Additional Lights

Ca Codes (shc:19160-19162) Streets And Highways Code Section 19160-19162



19160. Proceedings for the installation and maintenance of additional lights may be instituted by the governing body on its own initiative and shall be instituted by the governing body when: (a) A written request therefor, signed by two members of the governing body, is filed with the governing body; or (b) A petition therefor, signed by 20 or more taxpayers of the district, is filed with the governing body. The petition may consist of any number of separate instruments.


19161. Upon institution of proceedings pursuant to Section 19160, if the governing body determines that it will be just and equitable and in the public interest for the additional cost, if any, of installation and maintenance of additional lights to be paid by the district as a whole, it shall immediately estimate the cost of installing and maintaining the additional lights, and shall use such reserve funds as may have been accumulated for such purposes to the extent necessary. In the regular tax levy for the first fiscal year in which it is possible to do so, the governing body shall include a tax upon the taxable property within the district at the equalized value thereof, or an assessment on each parcel of real property within the district on the basis of the estimated benefit to the parcel, sufficient to pay the cost of installing and maintaining for one year the additional lights. If sufficient reserve funds are available or will be available from the tax or assessment levy already made, or after the tax or assessment levy has been made, the governing body shall proceed with the installation of the additional lights.


19161.1. Whenever the board of supervisors levies an assessment authorized by this chapter for the installation or maintenance of lights, the assessment shall be levied pursuant to Chapter 6.1 (commencing with Section 54701) of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code.


19162. If the governing body determines that it will not be just and equitable, or in the public interest, for the cost of installation and maintenance of said additional lights to be paid by the district as a whole, it shall terminate the proceedings without prejudice to the filing of a new petition pursuant to Chapter 17 of this part.


Chapter 9.5. Replacement Of Obsolete Lighting System In Existing District

Ca Codes (shc:19165-19177) Streets And Highways Code Section 19165-19177



19165. Upon the receipt of a petition signed by owners of taxable property representing 60 percent or more of the total assessed valuation of all taxable property within an existing highway lighting district, or within a temporary zone requested to be established by the petition in the manner provided in this chapter, the governing body of the district may replace an obsolete lighting system with a new modern county- or utility-owned lighting system where necessary for the proper operation of the district or of the portion thereof lying within the temporary zone.


19165.1. As an alternative to the petition procedure, the board of supervisors, by a four-fifths vote, may determine that the public safety and convenience require replacement of an obsolete system. The resolution may propose that a temporary zone be established, which zone will be benefited by the work, for the purpose of levying a special tax in the zone to finance the cost of the work. The resolution shall contain that matter required by Section 19166. Notice and hearing of the resolution shall be substantially as required by Sections 19168 and 19169. If the board of supervisors determines at the hearing, by a four-fifths vote, that it is just and equitable and in the public interest that the obsolete lighting be replaced and that the proposed temporary zone be formed, it shall fix and describe the boundaries of the proposed zone in a manner so as to exclude any territory which will not be benefited by inclusion in the zone; it shall declare the zone established; it shall designate the zone by a name or number; and it shall specify the duration and purposes of the zone, not to exceed 10 years from the beginning of the next ensuing fiscal year in which a special tax levy may be made in the zone. Except as provided in this section, any zone formed under this section is subject to Chapter 9.5 (commencing with Section 19165).


19166. A petition asking for the removal of obsolete lights and their replacement with modern county- or utility-owned lights pursuant to this chapter may request the board of supervisors to establish a temporary zone consisting solely of contiguous territory within the district which will be benefited by the replacement lights, for the purpose of levying a special tax therein to finance the cost of removal of the old lights and installation and temporary maintenance of the new lights. The petition shall contain all of the following: (a) A general description of the nature of the proposed replacement lights, together with a map showing the location thereof. (b) An estimate of all costs or charges which will be incurred in connection with the removal of the old lights and the installation of the new lights, together with a statement as to the period of time, not to exceed three years, proposed for the payment of the costs or charges. (c) An estimate of the average monthly cost of maintenance of the replacement lights. (d) A description of the boundaries of the proposed temporary zone. A proposal to form a temporary zone pursuant to this section is subject to Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 58850) of Title 6 of Division 2 of the Government Code to the same extent as a proposal to form a district.

19167. Upon the presentation of a petition pursuant to this chapter, the clerk of the board of supervisors shall immediately refer the same to an appropriate county officer, who shall certify to the board the number of owners of taxable property within the boundaries of the district or the proposed zone whose names appear on said petition, together with the percentage of the total assessed valuation of all taxable property within the boundaries of the district or zone, which said signatures represent.


19168. If the certifying officer certifies that the petition bears the signatures of owners of taxable property within the district or, if applicable, the proposed zone representing 60 percent or more of the total assessed value of all taxable property therein, the petition shall be filed, and the board of supervisors shall fix a time for hearing the petition and the protests of interested parties, and shall cause a notice of the filing of the petition and the time set for the hearing to be published pursuant to Section 6061 of the Government Code in a newspaper designated by said board as most likely to give notice to the inhabitants of the district and, if applicable, the proposed zone. If there is no such newspaper, copies of the notice shall be posted in three conspicuous places in the territory included in the district or, if applicable, the proposed zone, for three weeks prior to the date fixed for hearing the petition. The notice shall contain the text of said petition, but the names of the signers of the petition need not be published. If the certifying officer's certificate shows that any petition requesting the establishment of a temporary zone does not bear the required number of signatures, the request for the formation of a temporary zone shall be denied, without prejudice to the filing of a new petition therefor. In such event, or if the petition does not request the establishment of a temporary zone, and the certifying officer's certificate shows that the petition does not bear the signatures of owners of taxable property representing 60 percent or more of the total assessed valuation of all taxable property within the existing highway lighting district, the petition shall be denied.


19169. Upon the date fixed for the hearing, or at any time to which it is continued, the board of supervisors shall, in addition to any other proceedings required by law, consider the request for formation of a temporary zone and any objections which may be filed against it or against the formation of the proposed zone.


19170. If the board of supervisors determines with respect to a petition for the replacement of lights filed in conformity with this chapter, that (a) It is just and equitable, and in the public interest, that the obsolete lighting system be replaced as provided in this chapter and that the proposed temporary zone be formed, and (b) The petition was signed by resident taxpayers representing 60 percent or more of the total assessed valuation of all taxable property within the territory proposed to be formed into a zone, the board shall by resolution, entered in its minutes, fix and describe the boundaries of the proposed zone in such manner that any territory which will not be benefited by inclusion therein, or which is not contiguous thereto, or which is not described in the petition, shall not be included therein; shall declare the zone established, designating it by an identifying name or number; and shall specify the purposes and duration thereof, not to exceed 10 years from the beginning of the next ensuing fiscal year in which a special tax or assessment levy may be made in the zone.

19171. With respect to a petition for the replacement of lights which includes no request for the establishment of a temporary zone, if the board of supervisors determines that it will be just and equitable and in the public interest for the additional cost, if any, of removing the obsolete lighting system and its replacement with a modern county- or utility-owned lighting system to be paid by the district as a whole, the board of supervisors shall immediately estimate the cost of replacement of the obsolete system and installation and maintenance of the modern system, and shall include in the regular tax levy for the first fiscal year in which it is possible to do so, a tax upon the taxable property within the district at the equalized value thereof, or an assessment on each parcel of real property within the district on the basis of the estimated benefit to the parcel, sufficient to pay such cost of replacement, installation and maintenance. After the tax or assessment levy has been made, the governing body shall proceed with the replacement of the obsolete system and the installation and maintenance of the modern system.


19172. The provisions of Sections 19036 and 19037 apply to proceedings under this chapter.


19173. A statement regarding the boundaries of a zone established pursuant to this chapter shall be filed as provided by Chapter 8, Part 1, Division 2, Title 5 of the Government Code, together with a statement as to the period of duration of said zone specified in the resolution establishing it.


19174. In order that the obsolete system may be removed and a modern system installed in its place and maintained immediately after the action of the board pursuant to Section 19170, the governing body may authorize the immediate removal of the obsolete system in the said zone and the installation of the modern system in said zone, and may contract to pay any costs or charges incurred by reason of such removal and such installation in equal periodic payments over a period of not to exceed the period of duration of said zone specified in the resolution establishing it.


19175. The board of supervisors may, from time to time, transfer moneys to the district, for the benefit of the zone, from any available funds of the county. Any moneys so transferred are hereby appropriated, and shall be used, for the payment of any currently payable expenses incurred by reason of the removal of the obsolete system and the installation of the modern system proposed for the zone, and for the cost of maintenance thereof prior to December 1st of the first fiscal year in which a special tax or assessment may be levied in and on behalf of the zone. All costs of maintenance of the modern system, subsequent to that date, shall be budgeted and included in the general levy of taxes or assessments, as the case may be, in and on behalf of the district as a whole.


19176. The board of supervisors shall, in the first fiscal year in which a special tax or assessment, as the case may be, may be levied in and on behalf of the zone, levy a special tax or assessment upon the taxable property therein for the purposes of the zone, and shall include in the levy a sum sufficient to repay to the county the amounts transferred to the district pursuant to Section 19175. The amounts so transferred shall be retransferred to the county treasury from the first available receipts from the special levy in the zone. Thereafter, in the succeeding fiscal year or years during which the temporary zone remains in existence, the board of supervisors shall levy a special tax or assessment therein sufficient to pay any additional costs or charges incurred by reason of the removal of the obsolete system and the installation of the modern system therein, which may by contract be made payable in such year or years. All special taxes or assessments levied in and on behalf of a zone, pursuant to this section, are in addition to any taxes or assessments levied therein for and on behalf of the district as a whole.


19176.1. Whenever the board of supervisors levies an assessment authorized by Section 19176, the assessment shall be levied pursuant to Chapter 6.1 (commencing with Section 54701) of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code.


19177. A zone shall remain in existence for the period of time specified in the resolution of the board of supervisors which established it, and shall thereafter automatically terminate; provided, there are then no outstanding obligations payable from special taxes or assessments to be levied in the zone.


Chapter 10. Estimating And Levying The Assessment

Ca Codes (shc:19180-19185) Streets And Highways Code Section 19180-19185



19180. On or before the first day of September of each year, the governing body shall make an estimate of the cost, not otherwise offset by other available revenue, of conducting and maintaining the district for the ensuing fiscal year, and shall include therein the cost of installing and maintaining such additional lights as may have been petitioned for by the residents of the district as well as the cost of any other things which may be necessary or proper for carrying out the purposes of this part, including a levy of tax or assessment not to exceed 10 percent of the total levy for other purposes for the purpose of accumulating reserve for installation of additional lights which, in the opinion of the governing board, may be petitioned for before the proceeds of another tax or assessment levy will be available for use for such purposes.


19180.1. Whenever the board of supervisors levies an assessment authorized by Section 19180, the assessment shall be levied pursuant to Chapter 6.1 (commencing with Section 54701) of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code.


19181. When the estimate has been made, the board of supervisors of the county shall, at the time of levying county taxes, levy a special tax upon all of the taxable property within the district at the equalized value thereof sufficient to raise the amount of the estimate.


19182. If a district is organized in any year too late for the levy of a tax or assessment in that year or in the next ensuing year, the board of supervisors is hereby authorized to transfer funds of the county not immediately needed for county purposes to the funds of the district to be used for the payment of the expenses of the district until such time as tax or assessment receipts are available therefor. The governing body may authorize the immediate installation of the lighting system in the district, and shall include in the levy of taxes or assessments for the district for the first fiscal year in which a tax or assessment may be levied, a sum sufficient to repay to the county the amounts so transferred to the district for the portion or portions of the preceding fiscal year or years for which no levy of taxes or assessments was made for that purpose, and the amounts shall be retransferred to the county treasury out of the first available receipts from the tax or assessment levy.


19183. If any lights have been maintained by public subscription or by money supplied from the district road funds, within any territory which subsequently becomes a lighting district organized under this part, at the time of the establishment of such lighting district, or at the time of expiration of any then existing contract for the maintenance of such lights; such lights and the future cost of maintaining and operating them shall be included in the estimate of the governing body and shall thenceforth be maintained as a part of the lighting system of the district.


19184. The special tax shall be levied, computed, entered, collected, and enforced at the same time, in the same manner, by the same persons and with the same penalties and priority of lien as other taxes for county purposes and when collected shall be paid into the county treasury to the credit of the fund of the district and shall be used only for the payment of the expenses of the district.


19185. Pursuant to a resolution adopted by the board of supervisors, a county may lend any available county funds to a district for the replacement of obsolete lighting system equipment. Any such loan may be restricted for use in a temporary zone in a district. The loan shall bear interest at a rate to be fixed by the board of supervisors and shall be repaid in approximately equal installments over a period not to exceed 10 years. Any funds lent to the district are appropriated for the purposes for which the loan was made. Any area of a district, or of a temporary zone in a district, which is included in a city by annexation or incorporation after a loan has been made shall continue to be taxed or assessed for the repayment of its proportionate part of the unpaid balance of the loan. If a zone is formed, the board of supervisors shall, in the first fiscal year in which a special tax or assessment may be levied in the zone, and in each succeeding year of the duration of the zone, levy a special tax upon the taxable property or assessment in the zone for the purpose of repaying the amount lent to the district by the county. When the loan has been repaid, the zone shall terminate.



Chapter 10.5. Claims

Ca Codes (shc:19190) Streets And Highways Code Section 19190



19190. All claims for money or damages against the district are governed by Part 3 (commencing with Section 900) and Part 4 (commencing with Section 940) of Division 3.6 of Title 1 of the Government Code except as provided therein, or by other statutes or regulations expressly applicable thereto.


Chapter 11. Disposition Of Funds

Ca Codes (shc:19200-19202) Streets And Highways Code Section 19200-19202



19200. The revenue derived from the special tax, together with all other moneys acquired by the district, shall be paid into the county treasury to the credit of the lighting fund of the district subject only to the order of the governing body and shall be expended by it only for and on behalf of the district.

19201. Any funds arising from assessments made under this part remaining in the county treasury after the payment of all outstanding legal obligations incurred by the district, shall be ordered transferred by the governing body to the city treasurer of any city that has been incorporated since the formation of the district, and which includes the district or a considerable portion thereof within its corporate limits. If no such city has been incorporated then the funds so remaining in the county treasury shall be transferred to a separate fund and upon the order of the governing body shall be repaid pro rata to the persons by whom the assessments were originally paid.


19202. The governing body of any highway lighting district may provide for the establishment of an accumulative capital outlay fund for the replacement of obsolete lighting system equipment. The fund shall be kept in reserve until appropriated in whole or in part to a specific project. At any time after the creation of the fund the governing body may transfer to it any unencumbered surplus funds remaining on hand at the end of the fiscal year after the payment of the expenses of the district.


Chapter 12. Annexation Of Territory

Ca Codes (shc:19210-19215) Streets And Highways Code Section 19210-19215



19210. Territory in the same county whether contiguous or not may be annexed to a highway lighting district. A petition for that purpose may be filed with the board of supervisors of the county in which the district is situated. The petition shall: (a) Designate the boundaries of the territory proposed to be annexed to the district. (b) Designate the number of owners of real property in such territory and the assessed value of the real property in the territory as shown by the last equalized assessment roll of the county. (c) State that the territory proposed to be annexed is not within the limits of any other lighting district, and request that such territory be annexed to the lighting district. (d) Be signed by the owners representing at least one-fourth of the total assessed valuation of the real property proposed to be annexed to the district, as shown by the last equalized assessment roll of the county, and by at least one-fourth of the total number of owners of real property in such territory.


19211. At the first regular meeting after the petition has been filed with it, the board of supervisors shall fix a time for hearing the petition and the protests of interested parties, and shall cause a notice of the filing of the petition and the time set for the hearing to be published pursuant to Section 6061 of the Government Code and not less than one week prior to that time in a newspaper published and circulated in the county in which the district is situated. If there is no such newspaper, copies of the notice shall be posted in three conspicuous places in the territory to be annexed, for three weeks prior to the date fixed for hearing the petition.


19212. Upon the date fixed for the hearing, or at any time to which it is continued, the board of supervisors shall consider the petition, and any objections which may be filed against it or against the annexation of any territory to the district. The board of supervisors may by order entered on its minutes grant the petition either in whole or in part, and by order entered on its minutes alter the boundaries of the district, and annex thereto all or such portion of the contiguous territory described in the petition as will be benefited by inclusion in the district.


19213. Any territory which will not be benefited, by inclusion in the district, or which is not contiguous to the district, or which is not described in the petition, shall not be included in the district.

19214. The order of annexation shall be conclusive evidence of the validity of all prior proceedings leading to the annexation recited therein and after the making of the order, the territory shall become a part of the lighting district and shall be taxed, together with the remainder of the district, for all taxes thereafter levied by the board of supervisors for the maintenance of the district.


19215. If a petition, signed by 15 or more taxpayers and residents of the area sought to be annexed, but less than the number of owners representing one-fourth of the amount of assessed value of real property in that area and less than the number of owners specified in subdivision (d) of Section 19210 of this chapter, is presented to the board of supervisors, the board, if the petition for such annexation expressly requests them so to do, shall order an election within the territory sought to be annexed. The election shall be ordered by the board of supervisors at a hearing, after establishing the boundaries. To the extent applicable, the election shall be called and conducted in the same manner as an election for formation. If a majority of votes cast are in favor of the proposition of annexing the territory to the district, such territory shall become a part of the highway lighting district.


Chapter 13. Withdrawal Of Territory

Ca Codes (shc:19230-19234) Streets And Highways Code Section 19230-19234



19230. Any portion of the territory of a highway lighting district may be withdrawn therefrom. Proceedings for the withdrawal of territory may be instituted by the board of supervisors upon its own motion, or by filing with the board of supervisors a petition signed by 50 or more freeholders or by a majority thereof if there are less than 100, within the territory desired to be withdrawn from the district requesting the withdrawal of the territory and describing the exterior boundaries of the territory so sought to be withdrawn.


19231. The board of supervisors shall fix a time and place for the hearing on the motion or the petition and for hearing protests against the continuance of the remaining territory as a highway lighting district. The time fixed for the hearings shall not be less than 15 nor more than 30 days after the motion or receipt of the petition.


19232. At least 10 days before the time fixed for the hearing the board of supervisors shall publish a notice of the hearing by one insertion in the newspaper circulated in the district which the board believes will best serve to give notice to the inhabitants of the district of the proposed withdrawal of territory. The notice shall also be posted at least one week prior to the time fixed for the hearing in three public places within the district, one of which shall be within the portion of the district proposed to be withdrawn.


19233. Any person interested may appear at the hearing and object to the withdrawal of territory from the district or may object to the continuance of the remaining territory as a highway lighting district. The board of supervisors shall consider and pass upon all objections, and the board of supervisors may order the withdrawal or may grant the petition for withdrawal either in whole or in part, and by resolution declare the district reestablished excluding from the district the territory withdrawn if it finds that one or more of the following facts exist: (a) The territory to be withdrawn will be benefited by withdrawal. (b) The withdrawal will allow economies and efficiencies in administration or operation of an existing lighting system in the territory to be withdrawn. The decision of the board of supervisors on all objections and protests which are made shall be final and conclusive.


19234. Upon the withdrawal of any territory from the district, the remaining territory in the district shall continue as a lighting district until dissolved. No withdrawal of territory shall become effective until any outstanding contract for service has expired or such contract has, with the consent of the person furnishing such service, been modified or canceled so as to relieve the district of further obligation to pay for future lighting service within the territory withdrawn.


Chapter 14. Dissolution By Petition

Ca Codes (shc:19250-19253) Streets And Highways Code Section 19250-19253



19250. Proceedings for the dissolution of the district may be instituted by filing with the board of supervisors a petition signed by 50 or more property owners and residents of the district, asking for its dissolution. The board of supervisors shall, within 30 days after receiving the petition, by resolution, order that an election be held in the district for the determination of the question of dissolution. The election shall be called and conducted in the same manner as other elections of the district.


19251. If a majority of the votes cast at the election held in the district for determination of the question of dissolution are in favor of dissolution, the district shall be dissolved.


19252. Upon the dissolution of the district the title to any property which it may have acquired shall vest in any city which has at that time a considerable portion of the territory of the lighting district within its boundaries. If there is no such city, the title to the property shall vest in the board of supervisors of the county wherein the district is situated until such a city is created.


19253. If at the time of the election to dissolve the district there is any indebtedness of the district outstanding, the vote to dissolve shall dissolve the district for all purposes except the levy and collection of taxes or assessments, as the case may be, for the payment of such outstanding indebtedness. From the time the district is thus dissolved until the indebtedness is fully paid, the legislative body of the city which is entitled to the property of the district as provided for in Section 19252 or, if there is no such city, the board of supervisors of the county wherein the district is located shall be the ex officio governing body of the district. That body shall levy such taxes or assessments and perform such other acts as may be necessary to pay the outstanding indebtedness of the district.


Chapter 15. Dissolution By Annexation Or Incorporation Proceedings

Ca Codes (shc:19270-19274) Streets And Highways Code Section 19270-19274



19270. Upon the inclusion of all of the territory embraced in any highway lighting district within one or more incorporated cities, either by annexation proceedings or by the incorporation of the cities, the district may be dissolved. Such dissolution shall be effective upon the filing with the State Board of Equalization, the governing body of the district, and the county assessor of a copy of a resolution of the legislative body of the city, or of a joint resolution of the legislative bodies of all the cities, declaring the district dissolved. The remaining unencumbered funds of the district shall be distributed and administered as provided in this chapter. No tax or assessment shall be levied after dissolution. Any one city may withdraw its territory from the district in the manner provided by Section 19290.


19271. If all of the territory of the district is included within one incorporated city, the money paid into the lighting fund shall be paid to the treasurer of that city, and administered by the legislative body thereof. The city legislative body shall have all of the powers and perform all of the duties granted to or imposed upon the board of supervisors of the county in which the district is located and shall carry out the provisions of this part as to such district to the same purpose and extent as if originally constituted the governing body thereof. The city shall be liable for all outstanding liabilities of the district incurred prior to the time the district was included within the city.


19272. If all of the territory of the district is included within more than one incorporated city, then such proportionate part of the money paid into the lighting fund shall be paid to the treasurer of each such city as the area of that portion of the district included in that city bears to the total area of the district. The funds so paid shall be administered by the legislative body of each such city, and each of the said legislative bodies shall have all the powers and perform all of the duties, so far as that portion of the district within its boundaries is concerned, granted to or imposed upon the board of supervisors of the county in which the district is located and shall carry out this part as to the portion of the district included within its boundaries to the same purpose and extent as if orginally constituted the governing body thereof.


19273. Each city shall be liable for such proportionate part of all the outstanding liabilities of the district incurred prior to its inclusion within the cities as the area of that portion of the district included in each city bears to the total area of the district.


19274. After all of its territory has been included in one or more cities, and the district has been dissolved, upon the expenditure of its funds and the discharge of the district's obligations by the city or cities, the powers and duties of the city or cities set forth in Sections 19271, 19272, and 19273 shall terminate.


Chapter 15.5. Dissolution Upon Annexation To Maintenance District Or Establishment Of A County

Service Area, A Community Services District, Or A City Ca Codes (shc:19280-19282) Streets And Highways Code Section 19280-19282



19280. (a) A district organized under this part may be dissolved by resolution of the board of supervisors if all of the territory in the district has been annexed to a maintenance district for street lighting organized pursuant to Chapter 26 (commencing with Section 5820), Part 3, Division 7 and which shall provide service to the area and shall assume all of the assets and liabilities of the dissolved district. Subsequent to annexation into a maintenance district for street lighting, and the dissolution of the highway lighting district formed pursuant to this part, all of the property tax revenues that would have accrued to the highway lighting district formed pursuant to this part, if it had remained a highway lighting district, shall accrue to the annexing maintenance district. (b) A district organized under this part may be dissolved by a resolution of the board of supervisors, after a public hearing, where a county service area has been established to provide service to all the territory in the district and will assume all the assets and liabilities of the dissolved district.


19280.5. A district organized under this part may be dissolved by a resolution of the board of supervisors, after a public hearing, where a community services district has been established, or a city has been formed, to provide service to all or part of the territory of the district and the community services district or the city, as the case may be, has elected to assume all the assets and liabilities of the dissolved district.


19281. If the board of supervisors finds that all of the facts set forth in Section 19280 exist, the board may dissolve the district by adopting a resolution which sets forth such facts. In the resolution, the board may fix a date upon which the dissolution shall become effective.

19282. The dissolution shall be effective upon the filing with the State Board of Equalization and the county assessor of a copy of the resolution of the board of supervisors declaring the district dissolved, or on such later date as may be fixed by the board of supervisors in such resolution.


Chapter 16. Miscellaneous Provisions

Ca Codes (shc:19290-19291) Streets And Highways Code Section 19290-19291



19290. Whenever any portion of a district is included within a city by reason of incorporation, annexation, or otherwise, such portion may be withdrawn from the district. Such withdrawal shall be effective upon the filing with the State Board of Equalization, the governing body of the district, and the county assessor, of copies of a resolution of the legislative body of the city, describing the included portion, and declaring such portion withdrawn. Upon the withdrawal of any territory of a district, all property acquired for the district and all unencumbered funds on the date of withdrawal, including all taxes levied and collected by the district in any year in which taxes are levied and collected by the district after the date of withdrawal on property withdrawn from the district, shall be divided between the city and the remaining district in proportion to the assessed value of the real property of the territory so withdrawn and the portion remaining. For the purpose of this article, the unencumbered funds are the sum of money, uncollected taxes, and other uncollected accounts belonging to or due such district, in excess of an amount sufficient to pay all claims and accounts against the district.


19291. If a portion of the territory embraced in any district has been detached therefrom prior to the twenty-ninth day of July, 1927, either by annexation or incorporation proceedings, and the portion of the territory of such district remaining unannexed or unincorporated has been dissolved instead of continuing its existence as a lighting district, and thereafter moneys are paid into the fund of such district by reason of the collection of delinquent taxes or otherwise, such portion of the subsequent fund accretions, as was provided by law at the time of such annexation or incorporation, shall be paid to the city or cities within which the detached portion of such district was included. The remainder of such moneys shall be paid into the road fund of the road district within which the remaining unannexed or unincorporated portion of such district lay.


Chapter 17. Temporary Zones

Ca Codes (shc:19300-19314) Streets And Highways Code Section 19300-19314



19300. A petition asking for the installation and maintenance of additional lights pursuant to Chapter 9 of this part may request the board of supervisors to establish a temporary zone consisting solely of contiguous territory within the district which will be benefited by said additional lights, for the purpose of levying a special tax therein to finance the cost of installation and temporary maintenance thereof. In such case, the petition shall contain: (a) A general description of the nature of the proposed additional lights, together with a map showing the location thereof. (b) An estimate of all costs or charges which will be incurred in connection with the installation thereof, together with a statement as to the period of time, not to exceed three years, proposed for the payment of said costs or charges. (c) An estimate of the average monthly cost of maintenance of said lights. (d) A description of the boundaries of the proposed temporary zone. A proposal to form a temporary zone pursuant to this section shall be subject to the provisions of Chapter 3 of Title 6 of the Government Code to the same extent as a proposal to form a district.


19301. A petition for annexation filed pursuant to Chapter 12 of this part may, in addition to other matters required by that chapter, request that if the territory therein described, or any part thereof, is annexed to the district, the board of supervisors shall establish said annexed territory as a temporary zone for the purpose of levying a special tax therein to finance the cost of installation and temporary maintenance of the lights proposed to be installed in said annexed territory. In such case, the petition shall also contain: (a) A general description of the nature of the lights proposed to be installed, together with a map showing the location thereof. (b) An estimate of all costs or charges which will be incurred in connection with the installation thereof, together with a statement as to the period of time, not to exceed three years, proposed for the payment of said costs or charges. (c) An estimate of the average monthly cost of maintenance of said lights.


19302. Upon the presentation of a petition pursuant to this chapter, the clerk of the board of supervisors shall immediately refer the same to an appropriate county officer, who shall certify to the board the number of owners of taxable property within the boundaries of the proposed zone whose names appear on said petition, together with the percentage of the total assessed valuation of all taxable property within the boundaries of the proposed zone, which said signatures represent.


19303. If the certifying officer certifies that the petition bears the signatures of the owners of taxable property within the proposed zone representing 60 percent or more of the total assessed value of all taxable property in the zone, the petition shall be filed, and the board of supervisors shall fix a time for hearing the petition and the protests of interested parties, and shall cause a notice of the filing of the petition and the time set for the hearing to be published pursuant to Section 6061 of the Government Code in a newspaper designated by the board as most likely to give notice to the inhabitants of the district and the proposed zone. If there is no such newspaper, copies of the notice shall be posted in three conspicuous places in the proposed zone to be annexed, for three weeks prior to the date fixed for hearing the petition. The notice shall contain the text of the petition, but the names of the signers of the petition need not be published. Notice given pursuant to this section is a sufficient compliance with Section 19211. If the certifying officer's certificate shows that the petition does not bear the required number of signatures, the request for the formation of a temporary zone shall be denied, without prejudice to the filing of a new petition therefor, and the board of supervisors shall proceed to consider and act upon the petition as a petition filed pursuant to Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 19160) or Chapter 12 (commencing with Section 19210), as the case may be.


19304. Upon the date fixed for the hearing, or at any time to which it is continued, the board of supervisors shall, in addition to any other proceedings required by law, consider the request for formation of a temporary zone and any objections which may be filed against it or against the formation of the proposed zone.


19305. If the board of supervisors determines, with respect to a petition for additional lights filed in conformity with this chapter, that (a) It is just and equitable, and in the public interest, that the proposed temporary zone be formed, and (b) The petition was signed by resident taxpayers representing 60 percent or more of the total assessed valuation of all taxable property within the territory proposed to be formed into a zone, the board shall by resolution, entered in its minutes, fix and describe the boundaries of the proposed zone in such manner that any territory which will not be benefited by inclusion therein, or which is not contiguous thereto, or which is not described in the petition, shall not be included therein; shall declare the zone established, designating it by an identifying name or number; and shall specify the purposes and duration thereof, not to exceed three years from the beginning of the next ensuing fiscal year in which a special tax levy or assessment may be made in the zone.

19306. If the board of supervisors determines, with respect to a petition for annexation filed in conformity with this chapter, that (a) The petition for annexation should be granted in whole or in part, pursuant to Chapter 12 (commencing with Section 19210), and (b) It is just and equitable, and in the public interest, that the proposed temporary zone be formed, and (c) That the petition was signed by resident taxpayers representing 60 percent or more of the total assessed valuation of all taxable property within the area therein proposed to be annexed, the board, in addition to those proceedings required by Chapter 12, shall by resolution entered in its minutes, declare the annexed territory established as a temporary zone with boundaries coterminous with the boundaries of the territory annexed, designating the zone by an identifying name or number; and shall specify the purposes and duration thereof, not to exceed three years from the beginning of the next ensuing fiscal year in which a special tax or assessment levy may be made therein.


19307. The provisions of Sections 19036 and 19037 apply to proceedings under this chapter.


19308. A statement regarding the boundaries of a zone established pursuant to this chapter shall be filed as provided by Chapter 8, Part 1, Division 2, Title 5 of the Government Code, together with a statement as to the period of duration of said zone specified in the resolution establishing it.


19309. In order that the lights proposed to be installed and maintained in a zone may be installed therein immediately after its formation, the governing body may authorize the immediate installation of the proposed lights in said zone, and may contract to pay any costs or charges incurred by reason of such installation in equal periodic payments over a period not to exceed the period of duration of said zone specified in the resolution establishing it.


19310. The board of supervisors may, from time to time, transfer moneys to the district, for the benefit of the zone, from any available funds of the county. Any moneys so transferred shall bear interest at a rate to be fixed by the board of supervisors and are hereby appropriated, and shall be used, for the payment of any currently payable expenses incurred by reason of the installation of the lights proposed for the zone, and for the cost of maintenance thereof prior to December 1st of the first fiscal year in which a special tax or assessment may be levied in and on behalf of the zone. All costs of maintenance of the lights, subsequent to that date, shall be budgeted and included in the general levy of taxes or assessments, as the case may be, in and on behalf of the district as a whole.


19310.5. Any area of the district, or of a zone in the district, which is included in a city by annexation or incorporation after a loan has been made shall continue to be taxed or assessed for the repayment of its proportionate share of the unpaid balance of the loan.


19311. The board of supervisors shall, in the first fiscal year in which a special tax or assessment, as the case may be, may be levied in and on behalf of the zone, levy a special tax or assessment upon the taxable property therein for the purposes of the zone, and shall include in the levy a sum sufficient to repay to the county the amounts transferred to the district pursuant to Section 19310. The amounts so transferred shall be retransferred to the county treasury from the first available receipts from the special levy in the zone. Thereafter, in the succeeding fiscal year or years during which the temporary zone remains in existence, the board of supervisors shall levy a special tax or assessment therein sufficient to pay any additional costs or charges incurred by reason of the installation of the lights therein, which may by contract be made payable in such year or years. All special taxes or assessments levied in and on behalf of a zone, pursuant to this section, are in addition to any taxes or assessments levied therein for and on behalf of the district as a whole.

19311.1. (a) The board of supervisors shall not levy assessments pursuant to Section 19311 unless it has adopted an ordinance to do so. The board of supervisors shall place before the voters of the zone, either before the initial ordinance takes effect or within one year thereafter, the question whether the district shall be authorized to levy assessments. If the majority of those voting disapprove of such authority, no subsequent ordinance levying assessments for any succeeding fiscal year shall be adopted by the board of supervisors without the prior approval of the voters of the zone. Subsequent election or elections to secure such approval shall not be held more than once a year. (b) The approval of the voters may be secured at a district or countywide election, or by a ballot mailed to each property owner or registered voter of the zone. (c) The proposition is approved if a majority of those voting approve the proposition.

19312. A zone shall remain in existence for the period of time specified in the resolution of the board of supervisors which established it, and shall thereafter automatically terminate; provided, there are then no outstanding obligations payable from special taxes or assessments to be levied in the zone.


19313. Where the board of supervisors or legislative body has so declared in its resolution of intention to order the formation of a lighting district or any annexation thereto, the board of supervisors or legislative body may, in its resolution ordering the formation of a lighting district or any annexation thereto, order the district divided into tax assessment zones. Tax assessment zones may be formed at a time other than at the formation of the district or any annexation thereto if pursuant to the same procedure of resolution, notice, and hearing as are applicable under this chapter to the annexation of territory. No district shall be divided into zones unless the board of supervisors or legislative body finds that a tax assessment zone requires special services or special facilities in addition to those provided generally by the lighting district or the replacement of obsolete equipment, and that the tax levy is commensurate with the special benefits to be provided in the zone. The boundaries of tax assessment zones may be changed or a zone may be dissolved in the same manner that a zone may be formed in an existing district.


19314. If a highway lighting district is divided into tax assessment zones, the board of supervisors or legislative body may determine what portion of the amount of money to be secured from the levy of taxes shall be secured from such zone within the district.


Chapter 18. Consolidation

Ca Codes (shc:19320-19328) Streets And Highways Code Section 19320-19328



19320. At any time after the establishment of two or more districts in any county, the board of supervisors may determine that any two or more of such districts which contain similar type lighting systems, whether or not they are contiguous, should be consolidated.


19321. The board shall fix a time and place for hearing the matter of consolidation of the districts and shall direct its clerk to publish a notice once a week for two successive weeks in a newspaper or newspapers circulated in each of the districts which it proposes to consolidate, and which the board deems most likely to give notice to the inhabitants of the districts.


19322. The notice shall be headed "Notice of the proposed consolidation of ____ Highway Lighting District and ____ Highway Lighting District," stating the names of the districts proposed to be consolidated and shall contain a statement of the time and place fixed by the board for hearing the matter.


19323. The notice shall state that it is proposed to consolidate into one district all of the territory within the named districts.


19324. At the time and place fixed for hearing or at any time to which the hearing may be continued, the board shall hear any person objecting to the consolidation.


19325. At the conclusion of the hearing the board may refuse to consolidate any of the districts or it may order the consolidation of any or all of the districts proposed to be consolidated.


19326. If the board determines to consolidate any of the districts it shall so declare by resolution stating the name by which the consolidated district shall be known.


19327. The district resulting from the consolidation of two or more districts shall become liable for all outstanding liabilities of the districts consolidated.


19328. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the district resulting from the consolidation of two or more districts shall assume all of the assets of the separate districts so consolidated and shall be entitled to all of the property tax revenues to which each of the separate districts so consolidated would have been entitled had the districts not been consolidated.


Part 5. Street Lighting Financial Assistance

Ca Codes (shc:19400-19402) Streets And Highways Code Section 19400-19402



19400. From federal funds available for promoting public safety on the streets, the department may allocate to cities, cities and counties, and counties up to 50 percent of the cost of constructing, repairing, or improving street lighting facilities or up to 50 percent of the cost of contracting for street lighting services.


19401. In allocating funds for such purposes, the department shall give priority to those cities, cities and counties, and counties which submit in their requests for such funds the most convincing evidence that the proposed construction, repair, or improvement of street lighting facilities will aid in the reduction of the crime rate in the proposed lighted area.


19402. The department shall adopt such rules and regulations as are necessary to implement the provisions of this part.


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