Law:Division 12. Preelection Procedures (California)

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Contents

Chapter 1. Proclamations And Election Orders

Ca Codes (elec:12000-12001) Elections Code Section 12000-12001



12000. For each statewide election, the Governor shall issue a proclamation calling the election. The proclamation shall be issued by the Governor under his or her hand and the Great Seal of the state no later than the 148th day prior to the election and shall state the time of the election and the offices, if any, to be filled. Copies of the proclamation shall be transmitted by the Governor to the boards of supervisors of the counties.


12001. For a special local election, the governing body of the local agency shall issue a proclamation or a resolution calling the election.


Chapter 2. Preelection Notices

Ca Codes (elec:12101-12113) Elections Code Section 12101-12113



12101. (a) Not earlier than the 127th nor later than the 113th day before any municipal election to fill offices, the city elections official shall publish a notice of the election in the city pursuant to Section 6061 of the Government Code. The notice shall be headed "Notice of Election," and shall contain a statement of: (1) The time of the election. (2) The offices to be filled, specifying full term or short term, as the case may be. (b) With respect to a special election to fill a vacancy in office, unless the city has enacted an ordinance as referred to in subdivision (d) of Section 10229, and the ordinance does not allow for appointment to fill the vacancy and requires the vacancy to be filled in the special election, the notice shall also state that if no one or only one person is nominated for an elected office, appointment to the elective office may be made as prescribed by Section 10229. If there is no newspaper of general circulation published and circulated in the city, the notice shall be typewritten and copies shall be posted conspicuously within the time prescribed in at least three public places in the city.


12102. The notice of the municipal election shall be substantially in the following form: Notice is hereby given that a ____ (general or special) municipal election will be held in the ____ of ____ on ____, the ____ day of ____, 19__, for the following officers: (name them). The polls will be open between the hours of __ m. and __ m. _____________________________ City Elections Official Dated, _______, ___.


12103. At least 158 days before the direct primary, the Secretary of State shall prepare and transmit to each county elections official a notice designating all the offices, except those of county officers and judges, for which candidates are to be nominated. At least 125 days before the direct primary election, the Secretary of State shall prepare and transmit to each county elections official a notice designating the political parties qualified to participate in the primary.


12104. (a) A notice designating the offices for which candidates are to be nominated shall be in substantially the following form: NOTICE BY SECRETARY OF STATE OF OFFICES FOR WHICH CANDIDATES ARE TO BE NOMINATED AT THE DIRECT PRIMARY Secretary of State Sacramento,__. 19 __. To the County Elections Official of the County of ____: Notice is hereby given that the offices for which candidates are to be nominated at the primary election to be held on the ____ day of___, 19__, together with the names of the political parties qualified to participate in the election, are as follows: STATE AND DISTRICT OFFICES __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ CONGRESSIONAL OFFICES __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ LEGISLATIVE OFFICES __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ Notice is also hereby given that at the primary election, candi- dates are to be nominated for the following office: SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ Notice is also hereby given that at the primary election, in the county first above mentioned, candidates are to be nominated for any county offices or judicial offices to which candidates are to be elected at the ensuing general election; And notice is also hereby given that at the primary election there shall be elected in each county a county central committee for each political party above named pursuant to Division 7 (commencing with Section 7000) of the Elections Code. _________________________ _ (seal) Secretary of State (b) The notice designating the political parties qualified to participate in this election for nomination of candidates shall be in substantially the following form: NOTICE BY SECRETARY OF STATE OF POLITICAL PARTIES QUALIFIED TO PARTICIPATE IN THE DIRECT PRIMARY ELECTION Secretary of State Sacramento, __. 19__. To the County Elections Official of the County of ____: Notice is hereby given that the political parties qualified to participate in this election for nomination of candidates to partisan offices are as follows:

_________________________ _ (seal) Secretary of State


12105. (a) The elections official shall, not less than one week before the election, publish the list of the polling places designated for each election precinct. (b) Publication shall be pursuant to Section 6061 of the Government Code in the jurisdiction where the election is to be held and in any newspaper of general circulation designated by the elections official. If there is no newspaper of general circulation published and circulated in the jurisdiction, the list shall be typewritten and copies shall be posted conspicuously within the time prescribed in at least three public places within the city.


12105.5. (a) Not less than one week before the election, the elections official shall post a list of all current polling places in each precinct and a list of precinct board members appointed by the 15th day before the election. Not later than 28 days after the election, the elections official shall post an updated list of the precinct board members who actually served on election day. The election official shall post these lists in his or her office and on his or her official Web site, if any. (b) In each jurisdiction in which he or she determines that the public interest, convenience, and necessity requires the local posting of polling places and precinct board members, the elections official shall divide and distribute the lists for posting in any City Clerk's office within the jurisdiction having the election. (c) Each list required by this section shall remain posted for 30 days after completion of the canvass, shall then be archived by the elections official, and shall remain available for public inspection as long as election materials are required to be retained. Copies shall be made available upon request for a price not to exceed the cost of reproduction and mailing.


12106. (a) The elections official shall publish, as provided in this section and Section 12105, the list of polling places designated for each election precinct in each jurisdiction where the elections official determines that the public interest, convenience, and necessity require the local publication of the list to afford adequate notice of this subject to the electorate. (b) After making a determination pursuant to subdivision (a), the elections official shall divide and distribute the list of polling places and cause the same to be published at least one week before the election in newspapers of general circulation published in different places in the jurisdiction. (c) Divisions of the list of polling places may be published in that daily newspaper of general circulation published or circulated in one or more cities in the county, with the exception of the county seat, that is determined will give to the electorate in each city adequate notice of the election. If there is no daily newspaper, publication may be made in a semiweekly newspaper, a biweekly newspaper, or a weekly newspaper of general circulation that is determined will give the electorate in the city adequate notice of the election. (d) The list of polling places designated for various portions of the unincorporated area of the county and of the county seat may be published in those daily, semiweekly, biweekly, or weekly newspapers of general circulation published or circulated within the various portions of the unincorporated area and the county seat, deemed by the county elections official to be those newspapers that will give adequate notice of the election to the voters of the respective portions of the unincorporated area and the county seat.


12107. (a) The elections official shall let the contracts for publication, pursuant to Section 12106, of the list of polling places designated for each election precinct, and shall determine the rate to be paid for the publication of the list or any portion of the list. (b) The publication rate shall be based on a common denominator of measurement for all newspapers and may be graduated according to circulation. Contracts for the publication shall include the publication of the proper portion of the list of polling places and all other items relating to that portion required by law to be published.


12108. In any case where this chapter requires the posting or distribution of a list of the names of precinct board members, or a portion of the list, the officers charged with the duty of posting shall ascertain the name of the political party, if any, for which each precinct board member has expressed a preference, as shown in the affidavit of registration of that person. When the list is posted or distributed, there shall be printed the name of the board member' s party preference or an abbreviation of the name to the right of the name, or immediately below the name, of each precinct board member. If a precinct board member has not expressed a preference for a political party, the words " "No Party Preference" shall be printed in place of the party name.


12109. Whenever the ballots at any election or from any precincts are to be tallied at a central place and not at the precincts, the elections official or secretary of the jurisdiction conducting the election shall specify the public place to be used and give notice thereof as follows: (a) By at least one publication in a newspaper of general circulation published in the jurisdiction where the election is to be held, provided that the publication is made at least 10 days before the day of the election. (b) If a newspaper of general circulation is not published in that jurisdiction, then by prominently posting the notice in the office of the elections official for at least 10 days before the day of the election.


12110. In case of a municipal election to fill offices, the city elections official shall not later than one week before the election publish a list of the names of the nominees, in the order in which they appear on the ballot, and the respective offices for which they have been nominated. Publication shall be in the city in a newspaper of general circulation. If there is no newspaper of general circulation published and circulated in the city, the notice shall be typewritten and copies shall be posted conspicuously within the time prescribed in at least three public places in the city. This list shall be headed, "Nominees for Public Office," in conspicuous type, and shall be substantially in the following form: NOMINEES FOR PUBLIC OFFICE Notice is hereby given that the following persons have been nominated for the offices mentioned below to be filled at the general municipal election to be held in the ____ of ____on ____ the ____ day of ____, 20__. (Here follow with the list of nominees.) Dated, ____ _______________ City Elections _________ Official


12111. (a) In case of a municipal election on any measure, the city elections official shall publish a synopsis of the measure at least one time not later than one week before the election in a newspaper of general circulation in the city. If there is no newspaper of general circulation published and circulated in the city, the notice shall be typewritten and copies shall be posted conspicuously within the time prescribed in at least three public places in the city. The notice shall be headed "Measure To Be Voted On" in conspicuous type and shall be substantially in the following form: MEASURE TO BE VOTED ON Notice is hereby given that the following measure is to be voted on at the ____ (general or special) municipal election to be held in the City of ____, on Tuesday, the ____ day of ____, 2___. (Synopsis of measure or measures) Dated ____ _______________ City Elections _________ Official City of ______________ (b) The city elections official shall consolidate the notice of election and the notice of measure to be voted on into one notice if the measure was placed on the ballot before the notice of election is published pursuant to Section 12101.

12112. (a) At least 90 days, and not more than 120 days, before the day fixed for the general district election, the elections official of the principal county shall publish a notice of the election once in a newspaper of general circulation published in the district or, if no such newspaper is published in the district, in a newspaper having general circulation in the district published in any affected county in the district. The notice shall contain the date of the general district election, name the offices for which candidates may file, and state the qualifications required by the principal act for each office. The notice shall state the location where official declarations of candidacy for eligible candidates desiring to file for any of the elective offices may be obtained, the office in which completed declarations of candidacy are required to be filed, and the date and time after which no declarations of candidacy may be accepted for filing. The notice shall state that appointment to each elective office will be made as prescribed by Section 10515 in the event there are no nominees or an insufficient number of nominees for the office and a petition for an election is not filed with the elections official within the time period prescribed by Section 10515. (b) In addition to the requirements of subdivision (a), the county elections official shall, by a general press release, set forth both of the following: (1) The elective offices of the district to be filled at the ensuing district election. (2) A telephone number that voters of the district may utilize in order to obtain information regarding filing for the elective district office.


12113. For each school or special district, the county elections official immediately shall deliver a copy of all published notices to the district secretary. Each notice shall be posted in the district office.


Chapter 3. Precincts

Article 1. General Provisions

Ca Codes (elec:12200) Elections Code Section 12200



12200. This chapter applies to all jurisdictions.


Article 2. Precinct Formation

Ca Codes (elec:12220-12225) Elections Code Section 12220-12225



12220. The elections official shall divide the jurisdiction into precincts and prepare detail maps or exterior descriptions thereof, or both, and as many copies as the elections official may determine. The county surveyor, if requested by an elections official, shall provide assistance to the elections official in the preparation of these maps or exterior descriptions.


12221. In any order establishing precincts, their boundaries shall be defined by reference to exterior descriptions or delineation thereof on a map or maps.

12222. (a) No precinct shall be established so that its boundary crosses the boundary of any supervisorial district, congressional district, senatorial district, Assembly district, board of equalization district, judicial district, incorporated city, ward, or city council district. To the extent possible, without subjecting the voter to significant inconvenience, precinct boundaries should not cross census tract or enumeration district lines. (b) If, at any election, any precinct contains an insufficient number of qualified persons to make up a precinct board, the precinct may be consolidated with an adjoining precinct.


12223. (a) Whenever a jurisdiction is divided into election precincts or whenever the boundary of an established precinct is changed or a new precinct is created, the precinct boundary shall be fixed in a manner so that the number of voters in the precinct does not exceed 1,000 on the 88th day prior to the day of election, unless otherwise provided by law. (b) An elections official may subtract the number of permanent vote by mail voters, pursuant to Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 3200) of Division 3, from the total number of voters for purposes of complying with subdivision (a) if after subtracting the number of permanent vote by mail voters, the number of voters in the precinct does not exceed the percentage of nonpermanent vote by mail voters in the jurisdiction on the 88th day prior to the election multiplied by 1,000, unless otherwise provided by law.

12224. At the discretion of the elections official, the voters of the precinct may be divided into two or more groups, as nearly equal as possible, and one precinct board appointed to serve each group. When the voters of a precinct are so divided, there may be one or more polling places, but there shall be a ballot box for and a set of returns from each group.


12225. Whenever a precinct is entirely owned or controlled by the United States, and no permission is granted by the federal authorities for the establishment of precinct boards and polling places, precinct boards need not be appointed nor polling places designated, but in lieu thereof the elections official shall, not less than 88 days prior to election day, establish the precinct as a mail ballot precinct and conduct the election for that precinct in accordance with Section 3005.


Article 3. Precinct Consolidations

Ca Codes (elec:12241) Elections Code Section 12241



12241. (a) The elections official conducting local, special, or consolidated elections, or statewide elections other than the direct primary, presidential primary, or general election, for the purpose of the election, may divide the territory within which the election is to be held into special election or consolidated election precincts by consolidating existing precincts, or otherwise, subject to Section 12222, and may change and alter the precincts for those elections as often as occasion requires. Not more than six existing precincts may be consolidated into one special election or consolidated election precinct. The polling place used for a consolidated precinct shall be located within the boundaries of the consolidated precinct. (b) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2005.



Article 4. Precinct Boundary Changes

Ca Codes (elec:12260-12262) Elections Code Section 12260-12262



12260. (a) The elections official may change or alter any precinct boundaries. (b) If any changes or alterations are made the elections official shall prepare new detail maps or exterior descriptions thereof, or both. The county surveyor shall, if so requested, provide assistance to the elections official in the preparation of the detail maps or exterior descriptions. (c) The elections official shall provide, at the request of any interested person, the following information: (1) All precinct boundary changes and alterations made within the current calendar year and the immediately preceding two calendar years. (2) All precinct consolidations made within the current calendar year and the immediately preceding two calendar years, specifying the election or elections in which the consolidations were made. (d) The information provided to persons pursuant to subdivision (c) shall include the precinct numbers before the change or alteration and then a description, including precinct numbers, of the changes or alterations. The description may include maps. (e) The information described in subdivisions (c) and (d) shall be compiled for each calendar year and shall be kept and filed so as to be accessible to any person upon request. (f) The elections official may charge a person requesting information the amount needed to reimburse the jurisdiction for the actual expenses incurred in providing copies of the information required under this section.


12261. (a) The boundaries of precincts for the general election shall be the same as those established for the direct primary election, except to the extent necessary to add or subtract precincts as the result of population change or to divide precincts containing more than 1,000 voters or to change precinct boundaries due to jurisdictional boundary changes, or consolidations of elections. Changes of precinct boundaries may also be made when consolidating precincts. (b) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2005.


12262. Jurisdictional boundary changes occurring less than 88 days before an election shall not be effective for purposes of that election. Voters residing within an area affected by a boundary change, occurring within 88 days before an election, shall vote at the ensuing election in all respects as if no boundary change had occurred. However, any district that holds a general district election on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November of an odd-numbered year shall complete any boundary change not less than 130 days prior to the election in order to comply with Section 10522.


Article 5. Polling Places

Ca Codes (elec:12280-12288) Elections Code Section 12280-12288



12280. When designating polling places, the elections official shall undertake necessary measures in the locating of polling places to ensure that polling places meet the guidelines promulgated by the Secretary of State for accessibility by the physically handicapped.


12281. (a) If, for any valid reason, the polling place designated for any precinct cannot be used, and this fact is known in sufficient time to allow a mailed notice to be received before the election, the elections official may designate another polling place and shall mail, to each voter in the precinct a notice showing this change. (b) If the information is not known in sufficient time for a mailing pursuant to subdivision (a), either the elections official or, in the case of an emergency, the precinct board on the day of election, shall designate another polling place as near the place first designated as possible, post notice on or near the place first designated, and conduct the election at the new location.


12282. Property exempted from taxation pursuant to Section 214 of the Revenue and Taxation Code shall be made available free of charge to the elections official for use as a polling place pursuant to Section 213.5 of the Revenue and Taxation Code.


12283. (a) The governing body having jurisdiction over school buildings or other public buildings may authorize the use of its buildings for polling places on any election day, and may also authorize the use of its buildings, without cost, for the storage of voting machines and other vote-tabulating devices. However, if a city or county elections official specifically requests the use of a school building for polling places on an election day, the governing body having jurisdiction over the particular school building shall allow its use for the purpose requested. When allowing use of a school building for polling places, the governing body may, but is not required to, do any of the following: (1) Continue school in session, provided that the governing body shall identify to the elections official making the request the specific areas of the school buildings not occupied by school activities that will be allowed for use as polling places. (2) Designate the day for staff training and development. (3) Close the school to students and nonclassified employees. Classified employees are those so defined by Section 41401 of the Education Code. (b) An elections official making a request for use of a school building pursuant to subdivision (a) shall include in his or her request a list of the schools from which the use of a building for polling places is needed. Requests must be made within sufficient time in advance of the school year for the governing body to determine, on a school-by-school or districtwide basis, whether to keep the affected schools in session, designate the schoolday for staff training and development, or close the school to students and nonclassified employees before school calendars are printed and distributed to parents. (c) Once a governing body has approved the use of a school building as a polling place, the governing body shall instruct the school administrator to provide the elections official a site with an adequate amount of space that will allow the precinct board to perform its duties in a manner that will not impede, interfere, or interrupt the normal process of voting and to make a telephone line for Internet access available for use by local elections officials, if requested by those officials. (d) The school administrator shall also make a reasonable effort to ensure that the site is accessible to the handicapped.


12284. Upon request of the elections official, state-owned buildings, parking lots, and other facilities shall be made available free of charge for use as polling places, except that the Department of General Services may exclude from use as polling places state facilities at which access to confidential materials cannot be reasonably safeguarded, which are inaccessible to the public, the use of which would disrupt state business, or which are otherwise impractical for use as polling places.


12285. A mobilehome may be used as a polling place if the elections official determines that no other facilities are available for the convenient exercise of voting rights by mobilehome park residents and the mobilehome is designated as a polling place by the elections official pursuant to Section 12286. No rental agreement shall prohibit the use of a mobilehome for those purposes.


12286. (a) At least 29 days prior to the election, the elections official shall do all of the following: (1) Establish a convenient number of election precincts within the affected jurisdiction. (2) Define the precinct boundaries. (3) Designate a polling place for each precinct. (4) Appoint for each precinct a precinct board pursuant to Sections 12302 to 12304, inclusive. (5) Notify the members of each precinct board of their appointment and the location of the precinct and polling place where they will serve. (b) The elections official, in establishing precincts and defining their boundaries, shall, to the extent practicable, provide for a single polling place where a voter entitled to vote in more than one district may cast all of his or her ballots. (c) In a landowner voting district, the county elections official shall designate the polling place at which a nonresident landowner shall vote.

12287. A candidate's residence shall not be designated as a polling place for an election at which that candidate's name will appear on the ballot.

12288. A place where the primary purpose of the establishment is the sale and dispensation of alcoholic beverages may not be used as a polling place. A polling place may not be connected by a door, window, or other opening with any place where any alcoholic beverage is sold or dispensed while the polls are open.


Chapter 4. Precinct Boards

Article 1. General Provisions

Ca Codes (elec:12300-12327) Elections Code Section 12300-12327



12300. Any voter may file an application with the elections official for the position of precinct board member. The elections official may require the application be made on specific forms supplied by the elections official.


12301. The persons appointed to serve as election officers for each precinct at any election shall constitute the precinct board for that precinct.

12302. (a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), a member of a precinct board shall be a voter of the state. The member may serve only in the precinct for which his or her appointment is received. (b) In order to provide for a greater awareness of the elections process, the rights and responsibilities of voters, and the importance of participating in the electoral process, as well as to provide additional members of precinct boards, an elections official may appoint not more than five pupil per precinct to serve under the direct supervision of precinct board members designated by the elections official. A pupil may be appointed, notwithstanding his or her lack of eligibility to vote, subject to the approval of the governing board of the educational institution in which the pupil is enrolled, if the pupil possesses the following qualifications: (1) Is at least 16 years of age at the time of the election to which he or she is serving as a member of a precinct board. (2) Is a United States citizen or will be a citizen at the time of the election to which he or she is serving as a member of a precinct board. (3) Is a pupil in good standing attending a public or private secondary educational institution. (4) Is a pupil who has a grade point average of at least 2.5 on a 4.0 scale. (c) A pupil appointed pursuant to subdivision (b) may not be used by a precinct board to tally votes.


12303. (a) No person who cannot read or write the English language is eligible to act as a member of any precinct board. (b) It is the intent of the Legislature that non-English-speaking citizens, like all other citizens, should be encouraged to vote. Therefore, appropriate efforts should be made to minimize obstacles to voting by citizens who lack sufficient skill in English to vote without assistance. (c) Where the elections official finds that citizens described in subdivision (b) approximate 3 percent or more of the voting-age residents of a precinct, or in the event that interested citizens or organizations provided information which the elections official believes indicates a need for voting assistance for qualified citizens described in subdivision (b), the elections official shall make reasonable efforts to recruit election officials who are fluent in a language used by citizens described in subdivision (b) and in English. This recruitment shall be conducted through the cooperation of interested citizens and organizations and through voluntarily donated public service notices in the media, including newspapers, radio, and television, particularly those media that serve the non-English-speaking citizens described in subdivision (b). (d) At least 14 days before an election, the elections official shall prepare and make available to the public a list of the precincts to which officials were appointed pursuant to this section, and the language or languages other than English in which they will provide assistance.


12304. (a) The composition of the precinct board shall be determined by the elections official based on election precinct size. The precinct board shall consist of a minimum of one inspector and two clerks. Additional clerk positions may be allocated in proportion to the number of registered voters within the precinct. (b) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2005.


12306. The county elections official of any county, in appointing members of the several precinct boards to serve in the direct primary and general elections under the provisions of this code, shall permit the county central committee of each qualified political party to nominate for appointment to the precinct board a member of that party who is registered and resident in that precinct. Nomination pursuant to this section shall be made in writing to the county elections official not less than 90 days before the election for which the nomination is made. In making appointments to precinct boards from nominations submitted by political parties, the county elections official shall give preference to the nominee of any qualified political party with at least 10 percent of the registered voters in the precinct for which the nomination is made.


12307. Upon filing the list of names and addresses of those who have been appointed members of the precinct board, the elections official shall immediately mail or deliver to each voter so appointed, a notice stating the appointment and the position to which assigned, the penalty for failure to serve, and any other matter that the elections official determines.


12309. (a) Following the appointment of members of precinct boards, the elections official shall instruct inspectors so appointed concerning their duties in connection with the conduct of the election, which instruction shall conform to the uniform standards adopted by the Secretary of State pursuant to Section 12309.5. (b) A person may not serve as an inspector of a precinct board at an election unless instruction has been received in accordance with this section except that, in the case of the emergency disability of a regular inspector, substitute inspectors shall be given any instruction found necessary by the elections official. (c) At the request of the elections official, the legislative body may contract with any qualified person or organization for purposes of instructing inspectors in accordance with this section. (d) This section shall become operative on June 30, 2005.


12309.5. (a) No later than June 30, 2005, the Secretary of State shall adopt uniform standards for the training of precinct board members, based upon the recommendations of the task force appointed pursuant to subdivision (b). The uniform standards shall, at a minimum, address the following: (1) The rights of voters, including, but not limited to, language access rights for linguistic minorities, the disabled, and protected classes as referenced and defined in the federal Voting Rights Act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 1973 et seq.). (2) Election challenge procedures such as challenging precinct administrator misconduct, fraud, bribery, or discriminatory voting procedures as referenced and defined in the federal Voting Rights Act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 1973 et seq.). (3) Operation of a jurisdiction's voting system, including, but not limited to, modernized voting systems, touch-screen voting, and proper tabulation procedures. (4) Poll hours and procedures concerning the opening and closing of polling locations on election day. Procedures shall be developed that, notwithstanding long lines or delays at a polling location, ensure that all eligible voters who arrive at the polling location prior to closing time are allowed to cast a ballot. (5) Relevant election laws and any other subjects that will assist an inspector in carrying out his or her duties. (6) Cultural competency, including, but not limited to, having adequate knowledge of diverse cultures, including languages, that may be encountered by a poll worker during the course of an election, and the appropriate skills to work with the electorate. (7) Knowledge regarding issues confronting voters who have disabilities, including, but not limited to, access barriers and the need for reasonable accommodations. (8) Procedures involved with provisional, fail-safe provisional, vote by mail, and provisional vote by mail voting. (b) The Secretary of State shall appoint a task force of at least 12 members who have experience in the administration of elections and other relevant backgrounds to study and recommend uniform guidelines for the training of precinct board members. The task force shall consist of the chief elections officer of the two largest counties, the two smallest counties, and two county elections officers selected by the Secretary of State, or their designees. The Secretary of State shall appoint at least six other members who have elections expertise, or their designees, including members of community-based organizations that may include citizens familiar with different ethnic, cultural, and disabled populations to ensure that the task force is representative of the state's diverse electorate. The task force shall make its recommendations available for public review and comment prior to the submission of the recommendations to the Secretary of State and the Legislature. (c) The task force shall file its recommendations with the Secretary of State and the Legislature no later than January 1, 2005.


12310. Each member of a precinct board shall receive a stipend for services fixed by the governing body of the jurisdiction. This sum shall be paid out of the treasury of the jurisdiction in which the election is held. The inspector may receive more compensation than the other members of the precinct board. The additional compensation to the inspector is for services rendered in securing precinct board members and other duties which may be directed by the elections official.


12311. No public agency shall be required as the result of any assignment or transfer to pay the stipend of an election officer for services to any person other than the election officer to whom the stipend is due.

12312. No person shall be suspended or discharged from any service or employment because of absence while serving as an election officer on election day.

12313. If any member of a precinct board does not appear at the opening of the polls on the morning of an election, those voters present, including members of the board, shall appoint a voter to fill the vacancy. If none of the members appointed appears at that time, the voters of the precinct present at that time may appoint a board.


12314. The inspector may appoint a voter to replace any precinct board member who ceases to act or becomes incapacitated during the progress of an election.

12315. If the inspector ceases to act, a majority of the remaining members of the precinct board may appoint a substitute.


12316. In constituting precinct boards, the elections official may excuse persons appointed whom the elections official is satisfied ought to be excused. Substitutions may be made when any person appointed is excused or found disqualified or incompetent, until a final or amended list of election officers is sent to the inspector for that precinct.


12318. (a) Following the notification of the precinct board members appointed pursuant to Section 12307, the county elections official shall mail or deliver to the county central committee of each qualified political party a copy of the list, and the elections official may notify the same committee of any substitute appointments that are made until the time the notice of final order is sent to the precinct inspector. This list shall have the names of precinct board members in precinct order. (b) In addition, the elections official shall make available a copy of the list prescribed in subdivision (a) to any person requesting a copy. Any person requesting a copy of the list shall sign a roster specifying his or her name, telephone number, and address, and shall provide the elections official with adequate personal identification.


12319. The elections official shall immediately mail or deliver to each person appointed as inspector a notice showing the precinct polling place and the voters appointed to serve as election officers in that precinct.

12320. No person is eligible to act as an election officer until the declaration required by Section 12321 has been signed.


12321. (a) (1) Each inspector shall sign a declaration of intention to faithfully discharge the duties of inspector and shall return it to the elections official at least 15 days before election day. If the inspector fails or refuses to sign and file the declaration, the elections official shall appoint a substitute who shall make and file the application. (2) The declaration of an inspector and each of the declarations of other members of the precinct board provided for in this article shall be signed in the presence of a witness and shall be as binding on the signer as would be an oath of office. (3) The declaration of an inspector shall be in substantially the following form: State of California ) ss. County of ____________ ) I do hereby solemnly declare that I will support the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of the State of California, and that I will to the best of my ability, faithfully discharge the duties of inspector for precinct ______ for the election to be held on ______, 19__. _____________________ . Signed in the presence of ______________ (Signature) on ______, 19__. (b) On the day of election, and before entering upon the performance of duties, each of the precinct board members, other than the inspector, shall sign a declaration of intention to faithfully discharge the duties of an election officer. The declaration shall be signed before any member of the precinct board. The form for each of the declarations shall be provided in the roster for the precinct. The declaration of the precinct board member shall be in substantially the following form: State of California ) ss. County of ____________ ) I do hereby solemnly declare that I will support the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of the State of California, and that I will to the best of my ability, faithfully discharge the duties of precinct board member for precinct ______ for the election to be held on ______, 19__. _____________________ . Signed in the presence of ______________ (Signature) on ______, 19__. (c) Any precinct board member may administer and certify oaths required to be administered during the progress of an election. This authorization shall include the power to give any type of oath required of a public employee. There shall be no fee or charge for administering an oath. (d) In lieu of signing and returning the declaration of the inspector, as provided in this chapter, the county elections official may require the inspector to sign the declaration on the day of election and before entering upon the performance of these duties.


12327. (a) If the precinct board members for any precinct have not been appointed or cannot serve, or the polling place has not been designated prior to an election, the county elections official shall, by written order, immediately appoint the precinct board members or designate the polling place for the precinct, as the case may require, and shall notify each precinct board member of the appointment. (b) If, at this time, the elections official cannot make suitable arrangements for a polling place in any precinct in which none has been designated, the elections official may designate a polling place in any contiguous precinct. Any precinct board member serving in this polling place shall be regarded as serving in the proper precinct within the meaning of this chapter.


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