Law:Division 11. Horses, Mules, Burros, Sheep, And Swine (California)

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Contents

Chapter 1. General Provisions

Article 1. Application

Ca Codes (fac:23001) Food And Agricultural Code Section 23001



23001. The provisions of this division, including the payment of fees, are applicable to all state and county institutions which are engaging in livestock operations.


Article 2. Regulations

Ca Codes (fac:23021) Food And Agricultural Code Section 23021



23021. The director shall enforce this division. He may make such regulations as are reasonably necessary for such enforcement.


Article 3. Investigations And Seizures

Ca Codes (fac:23041-23045) Food And Agricultural Code Section 23041-23045



23041. The director may make any necessary investigations relative to reported violations of this division, pursuant to Article 2 (commencing with Section 11180), Chapter 2, Part 1, Division 3, Title 2 of the Government Code.

23043. Any agent of the department or any peace officer may, for the purpose of making an investigation, do any of the following: (a) Stop any conveyance which is transporting on any public thoroughfare any horse, mule, burro, or sheep, the carcass of any such animal which has the skin on it, or the hide or skin of any such animal. (b) Take possession of any horse, mule, burro, or sheep, the carcass of any such animal which has the hide or skin on it, or the hide or skin of any such animal and hold it for 30 days pending an investigation.

23044. Any expense which is incurred pursuant to Section 23043 shall be paid by the owner. The cost of caring for the property which is held pursuant to Section 23043 is a lien upon the property. The lien may be enforced in the manner which is prescribed in Section 3052 of the Civil Code.


23045. Any animal which is seized by, or comes into the possession of an inspector pursuant to this division shall be disposed of pursuant to Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 17001), Part 1, Division 9 of this code.


Article 4. Criminal Penalties

Ca Codes (fac:23071) Food And Agricultural Code Section 23071



23071. Every person that violates any provision of this division is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars ($100) nor more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by imprisonment of not less than 10 days nor more than 6 months, or by both such fine and imprisonment. Each violation during any day constitutes a separate offense.



Article 5. Civil Penalties And Remedies

Ca Codes (fac:23091-23093) Food And Agricultural Code Section 23091-23093



23091. Any person that violates any provision of this division or any regulation which is issued pursuant to it is liable civilly for a penalty in an amount not to exceed a sum of five hundred dollars ($500) for each violation. Any money which is recovered pursuant to this section shall be paid into the Department of Agriculture Fund.


23092. The Attorney General shall, upon complaint by the director, or may upon his own initiative, if after examination of the complaint and evidence he believes a violation has occurred, bring an action for civil penalties in the name of the people of this state in any court of competent jurisdiction in this state against any person violating any provision of this division.


23093. The Attorney General shall, upon complaint by the director, or may upon his own initiative, if after examination of the complaint and evidence he believes a violation has occurred, bring an action in the name of the people of this state in the superior court for an injunction against any person violating any provision of this division or any regulation duly issued by the director pursuant to it. Any proceedings pursuant to this section shall conform to the requirements of Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 525), Title 7, Part 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure. The director shall not, however, be required to allege facts necessary to show or tending to show lack of adequate remedy at law or to show or tending to show irreparable damage or loss.


Article 6. Collection And Disposition Of Money

Ca Codes (fac:23121-23123) Food And Agricultural Code Section 23121-23123



23121. Any money in the Department of Agriculture Fund which is derived pursuant to this division may be expended for the administration and enforcement of any of the provisions of this code stated in Section 16461, notwithstanding any other provision of law which limits the expenditure of any such money to some specific purpose or to the administration or enforcement of some specific section, article, or chapter, of this division.


23122. The director shall, at least once each month, report to the State Controller the total amount of any money which is collected for fees, penalties, judgments or otherwise. He shall, at the same time, pay into the State Treasury the entire amount of the receipts. The receipts shall be credited to the Department of Agriculture Fund.


23123. A civil action may be brought by the director to recover any fee, penalty, or other money that may become due pursuant to this division.


Chapter 2. Brands And Brand Records

Article 1. Horses, Mules, Burros, Or Sheep

Ca Codes (fac:23251-23252) Food And Agricultural Code Section 23251-23252



23251. Any person that desires to use a brand on horses, mules, burros, or sheep shall be governed by the same provisions and procedures with reference to such animals as are made applicable to the branding of cattle in Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 20601) of Division 10 of this code, except Section 20668.


23251.1. For the purposes of this article, "brand" also includes a design which is made by applying a super-cold iron that permanently causes white hair growth or a bald mark on the animal. As used in this section, "super-cold iron" means one that is cooled to at least a minus 195 degrees Celsius (minus 319 degrees Fahrenheit).


23252. Any person that owns a registered cattle brand may use the same brand on the same location on horses, mules, burros, sheep, or swine if it is not in conflict with a previously registered brand.


Article 2. Swine

Ca Codes (fac:23281) Food And Agricultural Code Section 23281



23281. Brands for swine may be recorded pursuant to the same provisions and procedures as are made applicable to the recording of brands for cattle in Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 20601) of Division 10 of this code, except Section 20668. Such recording, however, is not mandatory.


Chapter 3. Inspection Of Animals

Article 1. Horses, Mules, And Burros

Ca Codes (fac:23401-23405) Food And Agricultural Code Section 23401-23405



23401. Inspection of horses, mules, and burros for shipment out of the state may be made at the request of the owner in the same manner and for the same fees as are provided for bovine animals pursuant to Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 21051) of Division 10. This section does not apply to inspections made pursuant to Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 24101) of Division 11.


23404. A certificate of inspection shall not be issued unless a bill of sale or other proof of ownership is exhibited at the time of the inspection.

23405. Every slaughterer of horses, mules, or burros shall have on file in his office for a period of one year after slaughter the original bill of sale of the animals purchased and slaughtered by him.


Chapter 6. Sale Or Gift

Ca Codes (fac:23801-23802) Food And Agricultural Code Section 23801-23802



23801. A person shall not buy, sell, or accept a horse, mule, burro, or sheep, the carcass of any such animal from which the hide or skin has not been removed, or the hide or skin of such animal, unless the seller or donor gives, and the buyer or donee receives, at the time of delivery of the animal, carcass, or hide, a written bill of sale or written instrument, which states the number, kind, and brand or brand and marks of each such hide, skin, carcass, or animal, that is signed by the party that gives it.


23802. The failure of the seller or donor to give a written bill of sale or written instrument to the buyer or donee pursuant to Section 23801 does not have any effect upon either of the following: (a) The validity of any sale or contract of sale of any horse, mule, burro, or sheep. (b) The rights of either the buyer or donee or seller or donor of the horse, mule, burro, or sheep.


Chapter 7. Transportation

Ca Codes (fac:23981) Food And Agricultural Code Section 23981



23981. A person shall not transport any sheep, unless the sheep are accompanied by a bill of lading which shows all of the following: (a) The name of the owner of the sheep. (b) The destination of the sheep.


Chapter 8. Drugging Of Horses

Ca Codes (fac:24000-24018) Food And Agricultural Code Section 24000-24018



24000. The Legislature finds and declares the following: (a) That the public has a valuable interest in public horse shows, horse competitions, and horse sales. (b) That it is the intent of this chapter to ensure the integrity of public horse shows, horse competitions, and horse sales through the control of performance and disposition enhancing medications while limiting permitted therapeutic usage at horse shows and competitions.


24001. For the purposes of this chapter: (a) "Event" means any public horse show, competition (including cutting horse competitions, endurance riding competitions, competitive trail competitions, gymkhanas, and any other competition as determined by the secretary by regulation), or sale, in which money, goods, or services are exchanged for the right to compete for a single set of placings leading to points or awards at the show or competition, or to permit a horse to be consigned for sale. "Event" does not include any of the following: (1) Those competitions subject to the jurisdiction of the California Horse Racing Board. (2) Sales consisting solely of racing stock. (3) A rodeo-related competition including both rough stock and timed performance competitions when held apart from a horse show. (4) Roping club events when held apart from a horse show. (5) Cattle team pennings when held apart from a horse show. (6) Barrel racing when held apart from a horse show. (7) Parade horse competitions. (8) Public horse shows and public horse competitions that do not last longer than one day and whose total cumulative fees to enter into any one or all classes do not exceed four dollars and ninety-nine cents ($4.99), unless otherwise prescribed by the secretary by regulation. "Grounds fees," "stall fees," or any other fee composed of money, goods, or services, which is assessed to permit competitors or consignors to enter into an event are considered a part of this total cumulative fee. (b) "Event manager" means the person in charge of an event, including the entity or individual financially responsible for the event that is responsible for registering the event with the department, and who is responsible for the assessment, collection, and remittance of fees. "Event manager" includes horse show secretaries and managers, competitive event managers, and horse sale managers and sale owners. (c) "Horse" means and includes all horses, mules, and asses. (d) "Licensed veterinarian" means any person licensed as a veterinarian by the State of California. (e) "Prohibited substance" is any stimulant, depressant, tranquilizer, anesthetic, including any local anesthetic, sedative analgesic, corticosteroid, anabolic steroid, or agent that would sore a horse, which could affect the performance, soundness, or disposition of a horse, or any drug regardless of how harmless or innocuous it might otherwise be that could interfere with the detection of any prohibited substance. It also includes any metabolite or derivative of any prohibited substance. (f) "NSAIDs" are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. (g) "Therapeutic administration" means the administration of a drug or medicine that is necessary for the treatment of an illness or injury diagnosed by a licensed veterinarian. The administration of a prescription drug or medicine shall only be as given or prescribed by the licensed veterinarian. The administration of a nonprescription drug or medicine shall be in accordance with the directions on the manufacturer's label. (h) "Exempt medications" are oral or topical medications containing prohibited substances determined by the secretary to be exempt from this chapter when administered therapeutically. (i) "Public" horse shows, competitions, or sales are those events that permit a person to enter or consign a horse for sale in exchange for money, goods, or services. Any club or group that permits people to join, enter into competition, or consign a horse for sale in exchange for money, goods, or services, is "public" for the purposes of this chapter. (j) "Stimulant or depressant" means any medication that stimulates or depresses the circulatory, respiratory, or central or peripheral nervous system. (k) To "sore" means to apply an irritating or blistering agent internally or externally for the purpose of affecting the performance, soundness, or disposition of a horse. (l) "Trainer" means any person who has the responsibility for the care, training, custody, or performance of a horse, including, but not limited to, any person who signs any entry blank of any public horse show, competition, or sale, whether that person is an owner, rider, agent, coach, adult, or minor.


24002. The secretary has jurisdiction of all events under this chapter and shall administer and enforce this chapter.


24003. Except as otherwise prohibited by law, the full use of modern therapeutic measures for the improvement and protection of the health of the horses is permitted.


24004. No horse shall be shown in any class at a public horse show, horse competition, or horse sale if it has been administered in any manner any prohibited substance in violation of this chapter.


24005. The trainer or owner, or both the trainer and owner, in the absence of substantial evidence to the contrary, is responsible for a horse's condition and is charged with knowledge of all of the provisions contained in this chapter and the rules and regulations adopted pursuant thereto. If any trainer is prevented from performing his duties, including responsibility for the condition of any horse in his care, by illness or other cause, or is absent from any public horse show, horse competition, or horse sale where a horse under his care is entered and stabled, he shall immediately notify the horse show secretary, horse competition secretary, or manager of the horse sale and at the same time a substitute shall be appointed by the trainer and such a substitute shall place his name on the entry blank at that time. Such substitute shall have the same responsibilities as the substituted trainer would have had for the condition of any horse in his care.


24006. Any trainer or owner, or both the trainer and owner, event manager, or any person who administers, attempts to administer, instructs, authorizes, aids, conspires with another to administer, or employs anyone who administers or attempts to administer a prohibited substance to a horse in violation of this chapter shall be subject to the penalties provided in this chapter that are applicable to the trainer or owner. The trainer or owner is responsible for complying with this chapter after any course of medical therapy has been administered or prescribed by a licensed veterinarian employed by the trainer or owner to examine and treat a horse. A licensed veterinarian who is employed by a trainer or owner to examine and treat a horse is not subject to the penalties provided in this chapter solely on account of that examination and treatment or prescription.

24007. (a) In addition to any other penalty or fine prescribed by law, a trainer or owner, or both the trainer and owner, of a horse found to have received a prohibited substance or NSAID in violation of this chapter, or determined to be in violation of Section 24009 shall be subject to a civil penalty of not less than one hundred dollars ($100) or more than ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for each violation, to be recovered by the secretary in any court of competent jurisdiction. (b) In addition to the penalty specified in subdivision (a) or any other penalty or fine prescribed by law, the secretary may suspend any trainer or owner, or both the trainer and owner, from all competitions at any public horse show or competition for a period of not less than 90 days or more than one year for each violation. It is unlawful for any person suspended from competition by the secretary to compete in any public horse show or competition during the period of suspension. Any person suspended from competition by the secretary who competes in any public horse show or competition during the period of suspension is subject to the civil penalty prescribed by subdivision (a) for each entry during the period of suspension. (c) The owner or owners of a horse found to have received a prohibited substance or NSAID in violation of this chapter or determined to be in violation of Section 24009 shall forfeit all prize money or sweepstakes and any trophies, ribbons, and points won at any public horse show or competition by the horse and the same shall be redistributed by the horse show or competition in accordance with its rules or bylaws. The owner shall pay a fee of fifty dollars ($50) to the public horse show or competition. The horse may be suspended for any period of time specified by the secretary. If the violation occurs at a horse sale, the contract of sale is voidable at the buyer's discretion. (d) In lieu of civil prosecution by the secretary, the secretary may levy a civil penalty against a person violating any provision of this chapter. (e) Before a civil penalty is levied, the person charged with the violation shall receive notice of the nature of the violation and shall be given an opportunity to be heard, including the right to review the secretary's evidence and a right to present evidence on his or her own behalf. (f) Review of the decision of the secretary may be sought by the person against whom the penalty was levied within 30 days of the date of the decision pursuant to Section 1094.5 of the Code of Civil Procedure. (g) After the exhaustion of the review procedure provided in this section, the secretary or his or her representative, may file a certified copy of a final decision of the secretary that directs the payment of a civil penalty and, if applicable, any order that denies a petition for a writ of administrative mandamus, with the clerk of the superior court of any county. Judgment shall be entered immediately by the clerk in conformity with the decision or order. No fees shall be charged by the clerk of the superior court for the performance of any official service required in connection with the entry of judgment pursuant to this section.


24008. The horses at a public horse show, competition, or horse sale are subject to examination under the direction of a licensed veterinarian of the department or agent thereof. The appointed licensed veterinarian, with the approval of the secretary, may appoint technicians and agents to perform certain duties under this chapter that are not prohibited by other provisions of law. The examination may include physical, saliva, urine, blood tests, or any other tests or procedure in the discretion of the licensed veterinarian necessary to effectuate the purposes of this chapter. Any or all horses in or from a class or all classes in a public horse show or competition or any horse entered into or from any class or competition or sale, whether in competition or not, if the horse is on the show or sale grounds, or any horse withdrawn by any person or trainer within 24 hours prior to a class for which it has been entered as well as any horse withdrawn from any horse sale, may be examined.


24009. Whether a horse is in competition or not, refusal to submit a horse in a public horse show, competition, or sale for examination or to cooperate with the licensed veterinarian or his or her technicians and agents shall constitute a violation of, and subject the responsible person to, the same penalties that are applicable to prohibited substances or NSAIDs under Section 24007. A suitable sample shall be collected from a horse selected for testing by a drug testing agent of the department unless the agent releases the horse from testing.

24010. If the chemical analysis of blood, urine, saliva, or other samples taken from a horse indicate the presence of a prohibited substance or NSAID or any metabolite or derivative thereof, it shall be prima facie evidence that the prohibited substance or NSAID has been administered to the horse. A hearing shall be held when a positive report is received from a chemist identifying a prohibited substance or any metabolite or derivative thereof, unless the requirements of Section 24011 have been met or the prohibited substance or NSAID consists solely of an exempt medication. The trainer or owner, or both the trainer and owner, responsible for the condition of the horse shall not be subject to the penalty prescribed under this chapter or suspended, and no horse shall be barred from competition until after the conclusion of the hearing and a written ruling thereon has been made by the secretary.


24011. A horse exhibited at an event that receives a prohibited substance or any NSAID for which a maximum detectable plasma level has been established in Section 24011.5, within 48 hours prior to any withdrawal time established by or pursuant to this chapter, shall not be eligible for show, competition, or sale, unless the following requirements have been met and the facts requested are submitted to the secretary in writing: (a) Medication shall be therapeutic and necessary for treatment of an illness or injury. (b) A horse shall be withdrawn from a show or competition for a period of not less than 24 hours after a prohibited substance is administered, unless the secretary determines a different withdrawal period for a specific prohibited substance or class of substances. A horse shall be withdrawn from a public sale for a period of not less than 72 hours after a prohibited substance or NSAID is administered. The withdrawal period for anabolic steroids is 90 days after administration and the withdrawal period for fluphenazine or reserpine is 45 days after administration. (c) The medication shall be administered by a licensed veterinarian, the trainer, or owner. (d) Medication shall be identified as to the amount, strength, and mode of administration. (e) The statement shall include the date and time of administration of the medication. (f) The horse shall be identified by its name, age, sex, color, and entry number. (g) The statement shall contain the diagnosis of the attending veterinarian and reason for administering the medication. (h) The statement shall be signed by the person administering the medication. (i) The statement shall be filed with the event manager of the public horse show or competition or general manager of the horse sale within one hour after administration or one hour after the event manager of the event returns to duty, if administration is at a time other than during show or sale hours. (j) The statement shall be signed by the event manager or his or her designated representative and time of receipt recorded on the statement by the event manager or his or her designated representative. If the chemical analysis of the sample taken from a horse so treated indicates the presence of a prohibited substance and all the requirements of this section have been fully complied with, the information contained in the medication report and any other relevant evidence shall be considered at any hearing provided under this chapter in determining whether any provision of this chapter has been violated.


24011.5. The therapeutic administration of NSAIDs is permitted prior to and during all events except public auctions, provided that the dosage or combined dosages do not exceed any limits established by regulation. However, at horse shows and competitions, the maximum number of detectable NSAIDs by laboratory analysis shall be limited to two, except that phenylbutazone and flunixin are not permitted in the same plasma or urine sample. Additionally, the maximum detectable plasma levels for the following NSAIDs are: (a) 15.0 micrograms per milliliter of phenylbutazone. (b) 1.0 micrograms per milliliter of flunixin. (c) 0.250 micrograms per milliliter of ketoprofen. (d) 2.5 micrograms per milliliter of meclofenamic acid. (e) 40 micrograms per milliliter of naproxen. (f) 0.1 micrograms per milliliter of eltenac, upon approval of eltenac by the FDA.

24012. (a) (1) To provide funds for enforcement of this chapter, the event manager of every event shall charge and collect the applicable fee for each horse entered or exhibited in the event, and each horse consigned for public sale. The secretary may, by regulation, set the applicable fee, in consultation with the advisory committee appointed pursuant to Section 24013.5, at an amount necessary to carry out this chapter. Event managers shall be notified of the applicable fee at the time of registration of an event. The event manager of the registered event shall remit the fee established pursuant to this section, in addition to the completed assessment report for the registered event, as prescribed by the secretary, to the department within 15 days after completion of the event. The event manager shall maintain event records for a period of two years after the completion of the event. Upon request by the department, the event records shall be made available to the department for inspection and photocopying to enable verification of appropriate fee collection and remittance. (2) Notwithstanding subdivision (a) of Section 24001, a show event held over multiple consecutive days, with a different judge on each day, that is registered and managed by the same event manager on the same premises, shall be considered one event for the purpose of the assessment of the fee. (b) Any event manager who does not pay to the department the full amount that is due pursuant to this section shall pay a civil penalty of 10 percent of the amount due plus interest at the rate of 1 1/2 percent per month of the unpaid balance computed from the date of the event. The event manager is personally liable for fees and penalties owed the department pursuant to this section. (c) Fees and penalties collected pursuant to this section shall be deposited in the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund. All funds received by the department from fees and penalties pursuant to this section shall be used exclusively to carry out the intent and purpose of this chapter, including, but not limited to, pharmacological studies, drug testing, and drug research, inspection for drugs, prosecution of alleged offenders, administrative costs, attorney's and expert witness fees, and any other costs necessary to carry out this chapter.


24013. (a) The secretary shall adopt those reasonable rules and regulations as are necessary to carry out this chapter. (b) The secretary shall adopt an exempt medications list that identifies all exempt medications. All changes to the list shall take effect on January 1 of the following year. At the time an event is registered pursuant to Section 24015, a copy of the exempt medications list shall be provided to the event manager for reference purposes. The exempt medications list shall also be made available to any person upon request. (c) In making and adopting regulations, the secretary shall first consult with the advisory committee appointed pursuant to Section 24013.5.

24013.5. The secretary shall appoint an advisory committee to serve without compensation. The committee shall meet at least once a year, however, the chairperson may call for additional meetings as he or she determines are necessary. The committee shall elect a chairperson at its first meeting after appointment. Thereafter selection of the chairperson shall take place as deemed appropriate by, and at the pleasure of, the committee. Members of the committee and their alternates may include, but not be limited to, representation from the California State Horsemen's Association, the Equestrian Trails, Inc., the California Professional Horsemen's Association, the Los Angeles County Horse Show Exhibitors Association, the California Dressage Society, the Pacific Coast Quarter Horse Association, the Central California Quarter Horse Association, the Division of Fairs and Expositions, the North American Trail Ride Conference, the American Horse Shows Association, the University of California School of Veterinary Medicine, the Appaloosa Club, the International Arabian Horse Association, the Pinto Horse Association of America, the California Veterinary Medical Association, the NorCal Hunter Jumper Association, the California Farm Bureau Federation, the California Gymkhana Association, the American Morgan Horse Association, the Pacific Coast Cutting Horse Association, the Pacific Coast Horse Shows Association, and any other organization the secretary deems appropriate. These advisory committee members and their alternates shall be representative of the industry that this chapter regulates. The members of the committee may also include, but are not limited to, representatives of breed associations represented within the state and other organizations with an interest in the deterrence of drug abuse in the industry that this chapter regulates. In addition, the secretary may appoint one public member to the committee. Upon the secretary's request, the committee shall submit to the secretary the names of three or more natural persons, each of whom shall be a citizen and resident of this state for appointment by the secretary as a public member and an alternate public member of the committee. The secretary may appoint one of the nominees as the public member on the committee. If all nominees are unsatisfactory to the secretary, the committee shall continue to submit lists of nominees until the secretary has made a selection. Any vacancy in the office of the public member of the committee shall be filled by appointment by the secretary from the nominee or nominees similarly qualified and submitted by the committee. The public member of the committee shall represent the interests of the general public in all matters considered by the committee and shall have the same voting and other rights and immunities as other members of the committee.


24014. It is the intent of the Legislature that each of the persons appointed to the advisory committee pursuant to Section 24013.5 represent and further the interests of the industry that person is selected to represent, and that this representation and furtherance serve the public interest. Accordingly, the Legislature finds that, with respect to each person who is appointed to the committee, the industry represented is tantamount to, and constitutes, the public generally within the meaning of Section 87103 of the Government Code.


24015. (a) Every event shall be registered with the department, unless otherwise prescribed by the secretary by regulation. The event manager of an event shall file a completed registration form with the department, as prescribed by the secretary, at least 30 days prior to the beginning of the event, which shall constitute the registration of the event. (b) An event manager who fails to register an event required to be registered pursuant to this chapter is subject to a civil penalty to be levied by the secretary in an amount not less than one hundred dollars ($100) or more than two thousand five hundred dollars ($2,500). In determining the amount of the penalty, the secretary shall consider any previous violations, and whether the event manager cooperated in good faith with the department. (c) In addition to the civil penalty specified in subdivision (b), the secretary may, after notice and an opportunity for a hearing, suspend the event manager from hosting or managing a public horse show or competition for a period of not less than 90 days or more than one year for each violation. It is unlawful for an event manager suspended from hosting or managing a public horse show or competition by the secretary to conduct a public horse show or competition during the period of suspension. An event manager suspended by the secretary from hosting or managing a public horse show or competition, who hosts or manages a public horse show or competition during the period of suspension, is subject to the civil penalty prescribed by subdivision (b) for each public horse show or competition held during the period of suspension.


24016. No provision contained in this chapter shall in any way affect existing statutes governing horseracing or affect horse sales or horse auction sales when such sales are solely for the sale of racehorses or breeding stock that is used in the production of racehorses and when such sales are held or conducted on the premises of any racing association under the jurisdiction of, and with the authorization and approval of, the California Horse Racing Board. "Racehorse" as used in this section means each live horse, including a stallion, mare, gelding, ridgeling, colt, or filly, that is eligible to participate in a horseracing contest in California wherein parimutuel racing is permitted under rules and regulations prescribed by the California Horse Racing Board. The exemption provided in this section shall not apply with respect to racehorses participating in a competition, show, or sale covered by this chapter.

24017. This chapter shall not apply to any horse one year of age or less entered in any public horse sale, if public notice of the administering of any drug or medication has been given as prescribed by the secretary.

24018. The secretary may accept on behalf of the state, donations of money from any person, association, or agency interested in the control of drugging of horses. Any fines, penalties, fees, or donations collected by the secretary under this chapter shall be deposited in the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund. Any interest earned from the investment of moneys derived pursuant to this chapter shall also be deposited in the fund. These moneys shall be used by the department to carry out this chapter.


Chapter 9. Equine Protection: Enforcement

Ca Codes (fac:24101-24134) Food And Agricultural Code Section 24101-24134



24101. This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the Equine Protection Act of 1991.


24102. For purposes of this chapter: (a) "Animal" means a horse, pony, mule, or burro. (b) "Program" means the program of equine protection and identification of the department. (c) "Slaughter" means to kill an animal and prepare it for consumption by animals or human beings.


24103. There is in the department a program of equine protection and identification.


24104. Each sheriff or other officer to whom a complaint that relates to the loss or theft of any animal is made shall, in a timely manner, transmit to the Bureau of Livestock Identification a report that contains all of the following: (a) A complete description of each animal lost or stolen including approximate age, height, and weight, sex, breed, color, natural marks, scars, a description of each brand or tattoo and its location on the animal, and any other information that may be of use in identifying, locating and receiving the lost or stolen animal. (b) The county or city where the loss or theft occurred. (c) The approximate date and time of the loss or theft. (d) The law enforcement agency's report identification or number. (e) The name, address, and telephone number of the law enforcement agency that completed the report. (f) The name of that law enforcement agency's investigating officer to be contacted relating to the loss or theft.


24104.5. The Bureau of Livestock Identification shall compile a report on information received pursuant to Section 24104. The bureau shall distribute the report to all county sheriffs' departments in a timely manner.

24105. No investigator of the program or any other employee of the department, in enforcing this chapter, shall be required to conduct any investigation that involves the theft of any animal. That investigation shall be conducted by the law enforcement entity that filed the theft report. However, an investigator of the program may assist the law enforcement entity that filed the theft report in the theft investigation.


24106. No person shall purchase, consign, sell, or accept the donation of an animal which is destined for slaughter unless the seller or donor of the animal provides, and the purchaser or donee receives, at the time of delivery, a written bill of sale or any written instrument which contains all of the following information: (a) A description of each animal which is sold that includes its sex, breed, color, approximate height and weight, approximate age, natural marks, or identifying scars, and of each brand or tatoo and its location. If the animal has been branded or tatooed and registered with the Bureau of Livestock Identification in the department, the identification papers shall accompany the animal. (b) The name, address, signature, and motor vehicle driver's license number of the person who sold or donated the animal. (c) The date of the transaction. (d) The name, address, and motor vehicle driver's license number of the purchaser of the animal. (e) The name, address, and motor vehicle driver's license number of any person who transports the animal to the purchaser or an auction yard.


24107. Every operator of an auction yard or dealer who handles animals destined for slaughter shall keep a written record of all sales and purchases made in the course of conducting the business for at least two years after making the final entry of any purchase, sale, or donation of an animal. The operator of an auction yard or the dealer shall show the record on demand to any investigator of the program or any peace officer.


24108. Any person who does not keep the written records required by this chapter or who refuses, upon demand of any investigator of the program or any peace officer, to show the record, to allow copies to be made of the record, or who destroys the record within two years after making the final entry of any purchase, consignment, sale, or donation of any animal, is guilty of a misdemeanor.


24109. (a) No animal, whether branded or not, shall be shipped, transported, hauled, or delivered for slaughter, unless it is inspected by an inspector of the program. (b) As part of the inspection required by this section, the inspector shall be provided a valid bill of sale containing the information designated in Section 24106 for each individual animal.


24110. An inspector shall seize any animal for which a valid bill of sale containing the information designated in Section 24106 is not provided.

24111. Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, it is unlawful for any person to remove from the possession of an inspector any animal seized or which is otherwise in the possession of an inspector.

24112. If the animal which is seized or otherwise in the possession of the inspector is branded, the director shall cause a search to be made of the brand records to ascertain the owner.


24113. If the brands or marks are recorded, the director shall immediately, by letter, notify the person in whose name the brands or marks are recorded.

24114. If the owner cannot be ascertained, the director shall cause a notice of the seizure of the animal to remain posted for a period of 14 days on a bulletin board in each office of the Bureau of Livestock Identification. In addition to posting the notice, the director shall periodically publish a list of the descriptions of the animals, containing the information specified in Section 24106, in the classified section of a horse-oriented publication which is in general circulation throughout the State of California. The notices shall also state the time and place of the animal's proposed sale.


24115. Any person that claims ownership of the animal may, at any time, but not later than 14 days after the first posting of the notice, file his or her proof of ownership with the director and the director shall proceed to determine the claim of ownership.


24116. If ownership is proved to the satisfaction of the director, the animal shall be returned to the owner upon payment by the owner of all expenses which were incurred in the handling of the animal.


24117. If the animal at any time while in the possession of an inspector is in a condition which requires immediate disposal, the animal may be disposed of by the director. The proceeds from the salvage, if any, in excess of expenses which were incurred in the handling of the animal shall be paid to the person proving ownership pursuant to Section 24116.


24118. If after 14 days from the date of the first posting of notice, no satisfactory proof of ownership of the animal has been made, or if the owner fails or refuses to pay all expenses which were incurred, the director shall sell the animal. All sales which are made pursuant to this chapter convey a good and valid title to the purchaser.


24119. The proceeds from the sale of any animal shall be paid into, and the expenses of holding, advertising, sale, and other incidental expenses shall be paid from, the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund.

24120. If any person shall, within one year after the date of the sale, prove to the satisfaction of the director his or her ownership of an animal which was sold pursuant to this article, the director shall order the net proceeds of the sale of the animal to be paid to that person.

24121. If the inspector of the program determines that the person who offers the animal for inspection is in lawful possession, the inspector shall issue a certificate of inspection.


24122. The certificate of inspection shall be signed by the inspector of the program and shall indicate all of the following: (a) The place and date of inspection and the number of animals inspected. (b) The sex, breed, color, approximate height and weight, approximate age, natural marks and identifying scars, and a description of each brand or tattoo and its location on each animal. (c) If the animal is to be transported, the names of the shipper and consignee and the point of origin and the final destination of the shipment. (d) If the animal is to be transported, the length of time necessary to transport the animal between the point of inspection and the point of final destination. The inspector shall determine the amount of time needed for this purpose, based upon the information provided to him or her at the time of inspection. The certificate issued pursuant to this section shall only be valid for transportation purposes during the period of time specified on the certificate by the inspector.

24123. It is unlawful for any inspector to issue a certificate of inspection unless he or she personally makes the inspection between sunrise and sunset.

24124. One copy of the certificate of inspection required by this chapter shall accompany the shipment of animals.


24125. Any person who transports an animal destined for slaughter who does not have a copy of the certificate of inspection as required pursuant to this chapter or who refuses, upon demand of any investigator of the program or any peace officer, to exhibit a copy of the certificate, is subject to a civil penalty not to exceed fifty dollars ($50) for each animal.


24126. It is unlawful for any person to remove any animal and substitute another for it, or to add any other animal or transport an animal from any lot of animals for which a certificate has been issued, until the shipment or slaughter is completed, unless the inspector who issued the certificate approves these actions in writing. A violation of this section is a misdemeanor.


24127. (a) Each dealer who handles animals destined for slaughter, and who ships 15 or more animals at a time for slaughter, shall pay the inspector a service fee of twenty-five dollars ($25), in addition to a fee of up to ten dollars ($10) for each animal, as determined by the director. The inspection shall take place within 24 hours of the date of transportation. (b) Each dealer who handles animals destined for slaughter, and who ships less than 15 animals at a time for slaughter, shall pay the inspector for the actual cost of the inspection, as determined by the director. The inspection shall take place immediately prior to when the animal to be shipped is loaded onto the conveyance. (c) The fees shall be paid at the point of inspection of the animals. The revenue derived from these fees shall be deposited in the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund and, upon appropriation by the Legislature, shall be expended to carry out this chapter. The department shall maintain all internal accounting measures necessary to ensure that revenue derived pursuant to this chapter shall be kept separate from all other funds in the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund. The Governor's budget submitted to the Legislature pursuant to Section 12 of Article IV of the California Constitution shall display the fiscal information for this program in accordance with Sections 13335, 13336, and 13337 of the Government Code.


24128. (a) The inspector shall make a memorandum which shows the number, sex, breed, color, approximate height and weight, approximate age, natural marks and identifying scars, and a description of each brand or tattoo and its location on each animal which is inspected, and the names of the owner or claimant, consignor, or consignee. (b) The memorandum of the inspection shall be retained for record purposes by the inspector for at least two years after the date of the inspection.


24129. The department shall maintain inspection certificates for a period of five years in a manner that shall disclose the number of animals that have been inspected.


24130. Any person that is engaged in the business of buying or selling animals on consignment at any public or private salesyard shall keep after each sale, a certificate of consignment which contains all of the following information: (a) The name and address of the consignor. (b) A description of each animal which is sold that includes its sex, breed, color, approximate height and weight, approximate age, natural marks and identifying scars, and a description of each brand or tattoo and its location on each animal. (c) Reasonable proof of the ownership of the animal. (d) The license number of any vehicle which transports the animal to the salesyard. If the animal is transported in a trailer, the license number of both the trailer and the vehicle which pulls it shall be given. (e) The signature of the consignor.


24131. Any person subject to Section 24130 shall retain the certificate of consignment on file for a period of at least two years after the sale. The certificates of consignment shall be presented on demand of any peace officer or any agent of the program.


24132. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a person is civilly liable for four times the value of the animal at the time of taking, possessing, harboring, transporting, or slaughtering of the animal, with interest, at the prime rate from the date of that occurrence, for attorney fees incurred in the recovery of the animal, and for an amount in fair compensation for the time and money properly expended by the owner in pursuit of the animal, as follows: (1) In any action for the wrongful taking, possessing, harboring, or transporting of an animal for slaughter or for the slaughter of the animal without the consent of the owner or the person lawfully in possession of the animal or any animal whose ownership is still in dispute. (2) In any action where a person knowingly, by any false representation or pretense, defrauds another person of any animal, which results in the wrongful taking, possessing, harboring, or transporting of the animal for slaughter without the consent of the owner or the person lawfully in possession of the animal or any animal whose ownership is still in dispute. (b) The commencement of any criminal prosecution for the theft of the animal shall not preclude or prevent any civil action as specified in this section.

24133. Any person who transports an animal destined for slaughter out of the state under false pretenses in order to avoid an inspection under this chapter is guilty of a misdemeanor and subject to a fine of five hundred dollars ($500) for each animal so transported.


24134. Any person who falsifies any document or record required by this chapter, or by any regulation adopted pursuant to this chapter, is liable civilly for a penalty in an amount not to exceed five hundred dollars ($500) for each violation. Any money that is recovered pursuant to this section shall be paid into the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund and, upon appropriation by the Legislature, shall be expended to carry out this chapter.


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