Law:Division 10.5. California Forest Legacy Program Act Of 2007 (California)
From Law Delta
Chapter 1. General Provisions
Article 1. Title
Ca Codes (prc:12200) Public Resources Code Section 12200
12200. This division shall be known and may be cited as the California Forest Legacy Program Act of 2007.
Article 2. Findings And Declarations
Ca Codes (prc:12210-12211) Public Resources Code Section 12210-12211
12210. The Legislature hereby finds and declares all of the following: (a) Privately owned forest lands comprise nearly half of California's 32.6 million acres of forest land, and include some of the state's most important and productive forest resources, including timber, fish and wildlife habitat, watersheds, and climate benefits. It is in the interest of the state to provide and maintain a favorable climate for long-term investment in forest resources. (b) The importance of private forest lands to California's economy and environment has been recognized for many years, and more recently for almost three decades by the Z'berg-Nejedly Forest Practice Act of 1973 (Chapter 8 (commencing with Section 4511) of Part 2 of Division 4), the California Timber Productivity Act of 1982 (Chapter 6.7 (commencing with Section 51100) of Part 1 of Division 1 of Title 5 of the Government Code), and other statutes and policies. (c) California's private forest lands and woodlands are threatened by continued population growth and changes in land use patterns, including parcel size reductions, residential and commercial development, and by changes in forest cover. (d) Heirs of forest landowners frequently find it necessary to harvest their timber prematurely and excessively, in order to pay estate taxes that can account for up to 55 percent of an estate's value. (e) Continuing statewide population growth, existing land use and tax policies, regulations, and other factors create significant pressure for an increase in development conversions in forest lands of environmental and economic significance. (f) Conservation easements have been successfully used around the United States to achieve voluntary protection of open space, historical sites, and natural and aquatic resources. (g) Conservation easements enable landowners to receive financial benefits for voluntarily restricting specific development rights and land that, in turn, contributes to the conservation of natural resources for future generations. Financial benefits to landowners can be realized through a sale or donation, or a combination of both a sale or donation of a conservation easement. (h) A program to encourage and make possible the long-term conservation of forest lands and all associated natural resources is a necessary part of the state's land protection policies and programs, and it is in the public interest to expend money for that purpose. (i) Funding is a necessary component of this program. (j) The federal Forest Legacy Program (16 U.S.C. Sec. 2103c) conserves forest land threatened with conversion and development by providing federal matching funds for the acquisition of conservation easements or other interests in land from willing landowners, subject to state guidelines. (k) The state completed the "California Forest Legacy Program Assessment of Need" in 1995 following an extensive analysis and widespread public input. That assessment was submitted to and accepted by the United States Department of Agriculture. (l) California's forests can play an important role in addressing global climate change and helping the state meet its emission reduction targets by removing and storing carbon dioxide, a key greenhouse gas. (m) The California Forest Legacy Program Act of 2000, established pursuant to Senate Bill 1832 of the 1999-2000 Regular Session of the Legislature, which expired on January 1, 2007, was successful in helping to protect approximately 12,000 acres of California forests by facilitating the expenditure of almost four million dollars ($4,000,000) in federal funds.
12211. It is the intent of the Legislature, in enacting this division and the California Forest Legacy Program, to protect forest lands and aquatic resources in California by focusing on all of the following priorities: (a) Encouraging the long-term conservation of productive forest lands by providing an incentive to owners of private forest lands to prevent future conversions of forest land and forest resources. (b) Protection of wildlife habitat, rare plants, and biodiversity. (c) Maintenance of habitat connectivity and related values needed to ensure the viability of wildlife populations across landscapes and regions. (d) Protection of riparian habitats, oak woodlands, ecological old growth forests, and other key forest types and seral stages that are poorly represented across landscapes and regions, and that play a key role in supporting biodiversity. (e) Protection of water quality, fisheries, and water supplies. (f) Maintenance and restoration of natural ecosystem functions. (g) Encouraging improvements to enhance long-term sustainable forest uses while providing forest areas with increased protection against other land uses that conflict with forest uses.
Article 3. Definitions
Ca Codes (prc:12220) Public Resources Code Section 12220
12220. Unless the context otherwise requires, the definitions in this article govern the construction of this division. (a) "Applicant" means a landowner who is eligible for cost-sharing grants pursuant to the federal Forest Legacy Program (16 U.S.C. Sec. 2103 et seq.) or who is eligible to participate in the California Forest Legacy Program and the operation of the program, with regard to that applicant, does not rely on federal funding. (b) "Biodiversity" is a component and measure of ecosystem health and function. It is the number and genetic richness of different individuals found within the population of a species, of populations found within a species range, of different species found within a natural community or ecosystem, and of different communities and ecosystems found within a region. (c) "Board" means the State Board of Forestry and Fire Protection. (d) "Conservation easement" has the same meaning as found in Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 815) of Title 2 of Part 2 of Division 2 of the Civil Code. (e) "Conversions" is a generic term for situations in which forest lands become used for nonforest uses, particularly those uses that alter the landscape in a relatively permanent fashion. (f) "Department" means the Department of Forestry and Fire Protection and "director" means the Director of Forestry and Fire Protection. (g) "Forest land" is land that can support 10-percent native tree cover of any species, including hardwoods, under natural conditions, and that allows for management of one or more forest resources, including timber, aesthetics, fish and wildlife, biodiversity, water quality, recreation, and other public benefits. (h) "Landowner" means an individual, partnership, private, public, or municipal corporation, Indian tribe, state agency, county, or local government entity, educational institution, or association of individuals of whatever nature that own private forest lands or woodlands. (i) "Local government" means a city, county, district, or city and county. (j) "Nonprofit organization" means any qualified land trust organization, as defined in Section 170(h)(3) of Title 26 of the United States Code, that is organized for one of the purposes of Section 170(b)(1)(A)(vi) or 170(h)(3) of Title 26 of the United States Code, and that has, among its purposes, the conservation of forest lands. (k) "Program" means the California Forest Legacy Program established under this division. (l) "Woodlands" are forest lands composed mostly of hardwood species such as oak.
Article 4. Administration
Ca Codes (prc:12230-12231) Public Resources Code Section 12230-12231
12230. The department shall carry out the California Forest Legacy Program. Nothing in this division alters the department's responsibility for the administration of state, federal, or private funds that are allocated for the purpose of protecting private forest lands and all associated natural resources.
12231. Nothing in this chapter grants any new authority to the department to affect local policy or land use decisionmaking.
Chapter 2. California Forest Legacy Program
Ca Codes (prc:12240-12249.6) Public Resources Code Section 12240-12249.6
12240. The California Forest Legacy Program is hereby established. The department may acquire conservation easements by entering into a contract with the Wildlife Conservation Board to administer the purchase of conservation easements. The California Forest Legacy Program may also include those activities eligible for funding under the federal Forest Legacy Program (16 U.S.C. Sec. 2103c), and the state program shall be coordinated with the federal program to the maximum amount possible.
12241. Money to fund the California Forest Legacy Program shall be obtained from gifts, donations, federal grants and loans, other appropriate funding sources, and through the allocations for the California Wildlife Conservation Board, including those provided from the sale of general obligation bonds pursuant to the Safe Drinking Water, Water Quality and Supply, Flood Control, River and Coastal Protection Bond Act of 2006 (Division 43 (commencing with Section 75001)) and made available by the board pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 75055 and pursuant to the Safe Neighborhood Parks, Clean Water, Clean Air, and Coastal Protection Bond Act of 2000 (the Villaraigosa-Keeley Act) (Chapter 1.692 (commencing with Section 5096.300) of Division 5) and made available for appropriation pursuant to paragraph (4) of subdivision (a) of Section 5096.350.
12242. The implementation of the program includes the costs associated with the purchase or facilitated donation of conservation easements, technical assistance provided by the department, technology transfer activities of the department, and administrative costs incurred by the department in administering the program.
12244. Easements acquired under this program may be held by federal, state, or local government entities or by nonprofit land trust organizations. The director shall find that any recipient of a conservation easement is qualified to monitor and enforce the terms of the easement.
12245. The director shall not disburse any funds until the applicant agrees to both of the following: (a) That any conservation easement acquired shall be used by the applicant only for the purpose for which the funds were requested. (b) That the director shall find that any disposition of the easement is consistent with, and in furtherance of, the purposes of this division, that the recipient of the easement is qualified to monitor and enforce the easement, and that the conservation provisions of the easement remain in effect following the transfer.
12246. If a local, state, or national government agency or nonprofit land trust organization holding the easement is dissolved, the easement shall be transferred to an appropriate public or nonprofit land trust organization that is qualified to monitor and enforce the easement.
12247. The easement, or any of its terms, may only be amended with the consent of all of the necessary parties to the easement. The department shall determine that the amendment is consistent with this division.
12248. The director shall not disburse any funds unless the applicant agrees to restrict the use of the land in perpetuity.
12249. The board shall adopt rules and regulations for the implementation of this division, including the standards, criteria, and requirements necessary for acquiring conservation easements.
12249.5. Rules or regulations adopted by the board pursuant to Section 12249 shall be adopted in accordance with the Administrative Procedure Act (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code).
12249.6. The department shall review, and approve or disapprove, applications from landowners for the acquisition of conservation easements on forest lands or woodlands.
Chapter 3. Eligibility Criteria
Ca Codes (prc:12250-12252) Public Resources Code Section 12250-12252
12250. Every application for the acquisition of a conservation easement shall provide sufficient information to enable the department to verify the parcel's eligibility for the program and to understand the conservation objectives and the parcel's environmental value or potential to protect forest and aquatic resources.
12250.5. In reviewing applications pursuant to this division, the department shall determine whether the proposed conservation easement meets the eligibility and selection criteria set forth in this chapter and conforms with any rules or regulations adopted by the department pursuant to this chapter.
12251. Proposed conservation easements shall meet the eligibility criteria set forth in this section prior to review pursuant to the selection criteria set forth in Section 12260. To be eligible for participation, private forest land parcels proposed for protection under the program shall comply with all of the following: (a) Be subject to potential conversion. (b) Be owned by landowners who are willing and interested in selling or donating conservation easements. (c) Be forested with at least 10-percent canopy cover by conifer or hardwood species, or be capable of being so forested under natural conditions. (d) Possession of one or more environmental values of great concern to the public and the state: (1) Important fish and wildlife habitat. (2) Areas that can help maintain habitat connectivity across landscapes. (3) Rare plants. (4) Biodiversity. (5) Riparian habitats. (6) Oak woodlands. (7) Ecological old growth forests. (8) Other key forest types and seral stages that are poorly represented across California. (9) Lands that directly affect water quality and other watershed values. (e) Provision for continuity of one or more traditional forest uses, such as commodities production or habitat maintenance. (f) Possession of environmental values that can be protected and managed effectively through conservation easements at reasonable costs.
12252. The easement shall not be required as a condition of any lease, permit, license, certificate, or other entitlement for use issued by one or more public agencies, including, but not limited to, mitigating the significant effects on the environment of a project pursuant to an approved environmental impact report or mitigated negative declaration pursuant to the California Environmental Quality Act (Division 13 (commencing with Section 21000)), the Z' berg-Nejedly Forest Practice Act of 1973 (Chapter 8 (commencing with Section 4511) of Part 2 of Division 4), the California Endangered Species Act (Chapter 1.5 (commencing with Section 2050) of Division 3 of the Fish and Game Code), or pursuant to an approved environmental impact statement or a finding of no significant impact under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C.A. Sec. 4321 et seq.) or the federal Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C.A. Sec. 1531 et seq.).
Chapter 4. Selection Criteria And Process
Ca Codes (prc:12260-12264) Public Resources Code Section 12260-12264
12260. If the department determines that the proposed conservation easement meets the eligibility criteria set forth in Section 12251, the application shall be reviewed based upon the extent to which it satisfies the following selection criteria: (a) The nature of the environmental values proposed for protection, and whether they can be monitored efficiently and effectively. (b) Whether the parcels are likely to become isolated from other areas maintained for key forest resources by development on adjacent parcels. (c) Whether the landowner's management goal for his or her parcel is compatible with the resource protections he or she is proposing. (d) Whether the landowner has developed, or commits to developing by the time the easement is finalized, a management plan equivalent to, or better than, a forest stewardship plan that governs management on the parcel. (e) Whether a nonprofit land trust organization, public agency, or other suitable organization has expressed an interest in working with the department and the landowner to establish, hold, and monitor the easement. (f) Whether other sources of funding for easement acquisition, closing costs, monitoring and other costs are available. (g) Other relevant considerations established by the director.
12262. An applicant shall select and retain an independent real estate appraiser to determine the value of the conservation easement, which shall be calculated by determining the difference between the fair market value and the restricted value of the property.
12263. The department shall act on an application for the acquisition of a conservation easement within 180 days of its receipt, and shall notify the applicant in writing of approval or disapproval of the application within 10 days of the decision of the department. The written notice regarding a disapproval decision shall state the reason for the disapproval of the application.
12264. The department may disapprove the application for the acquisition of a conservation easement in any of the following circumstances: (a) The application does not satisfy the eligibility criteria set forth in Section 12251 or selection criteria set forth in Section 12260. (b) Clear title to the conservation easement cannot be conveyed. (c) There is insufficient money in the fund to carry out the acquisition. (d) Other acquisitions have a higher priority. (e) Other relevant considerations established by the director.
Chapter 5. Easement Monitoring And Management
Ca Codes (prc:12275-12276) Public Resources Code Section 12275-12276
12275. The department, local government entity, or nonprofit land trust organization acquiring an easement pursuant to this division shall monitor that easement in order to assess the condition of the resources being protected and to ensure that the terms of the easement are being followed. Entities acquiring easements may also enter into a cooperative agreement with another qualified entity to monitor the easement.
12276. The department shall ensure that any entity acquiring a conservation easement acquired pursuant to this division has adequate funding for, or otherwise adequately provides for, easement monitoring pursuant to this division, and is able to enforce the easement if its provisions are not satisfied.
Chapter 6. Miscellaneous Provisions
Ca Codes (prc:12290-12292) Public Resources Code Section 12290-12292
12290. Commencing on January 1, 2009, and each January 1 thereafter, the department shall report to the Governor and the Legislature on its implementation of this division during the preceding calendar year. The report shall include, but not be limited to, information concerning applications made pursuant to this division, participating landowners, easement holders under Section 12244, and a description of all easements purchased.
12291. The department shall make available to the public on its Internet Web site a list of conservation easements acquired through the program. The list shall include information specified in paragraphs (2) to (6), inclusive, of subdivision (c) of Section 5096.520. The list shall be updated biennially.
12292. This division shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2015, and as of that date is repealed, unless a later enacted statute, that is enacted before January 1, 2015, deletes or extends that date.