Law:Division 1. State Administration (California)

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Contents

Part 1. The Department Of Food And Agriculture

Chapter 1. Organization

Ca Codes (fac:101-105) Food And Agricultural Code Section 101-105



101. There is in the state government the Department of Food and Agriculture.

102. The department is under the control of a civil executive officer known as the Secretary of Food and Agriculture who shall receive the salary provided for by Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 11550) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code. He or she shall be appointed by, and hold office at the pleasure of, the Governor.


103. Except as is otherwise provided in this chapter, Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 11150) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code governs and applies to the conduct of the department in every respect the same as if those provisions were set forth in this code, and whenever in that chapter the term "head of the department" or similar designation occurs, for the purpose of this code it means the secretary.


104. The secretary may appoint and in accordance with law fix the salaries of such assistants, deputies, agents, experts, and other employees as are necessary for the administration of the department.


105. The chief of the division of the department who has jurisdiction over livestock and poultry disease control, meat inspection and dairy inspection and control shall officially designate a department employee as "State Veterinarian." Such designated person shall be a graduate of a recognized college of veterinary medicine, be licensed to practice in this state, and have a state civil service classification of veterinary medical officer III or above.


Chapter 2. Fiscal Duties And Powers

Article 1. General Provisions

Ca Codes (fac:201) Food And Agricultural Code Section 201



201. The department may expend in accordance with law all money which is made available for its use.


Article 2. Department Of Food And Agriculture Fund

Ca Codes (fac:221-227) Food And Agricultural Code Section 221-227



221. The "Department of Food and Agriculture Fund," which is a special fund, is continued in existence. Any money that is directed by law to be paid into the fund shall be paid into it and, unless otherwise specifically provided, shall be expended solely for the enforcement of the law under which the money was derived. The expenditure from the fund for the enforcement of any law shall not, unless otherwise specifically provided, exceed the amount of money that is credited to the fund pursuant to the law. Notwithstanding Section 13340 of the Government Code, all money deposited in the fund under the provisions enumerated below is hereby continuously appropriated to the department without regard to fiscal years for expenditure in carrying out the purposes for which the money was deposited and for making the refunds authorized by Section 302. All money deposited in the fund under the provisions enumerated below is hereby exempted from Sections 13320 to 13324, inclusive, of the Government Code: (a) Article 7 (commencing with Section 5821) and Article 7.5 (commencing with Section 5850) of Chapter 8 of Part 1 of Division 4, Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 6701) of Part 3 of Division 4, and Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 53301) of Division 18. (b) Article 5 (commencing with Section 6001) of Chapter 9 of Part 1 of Division 4. (c) Article 8.5 (commencing with Section 6047.1) of Chapter 9 of Part 1 of Division 4. (d) Article 4.5 (commencing with Section 6971) and Article 5 (commencing with Section 6981) of Chapter 2 of Part 3 of Division 4. (e) Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 14200), Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 14501), and Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 14901) of Division 7. (f) Part 1 (commencing with Section 16301) and Part 2 (commencing with Section 17401) of Division 9. (g) Sections 19225, 19227, 19312, and 19315. (h) Division 10 (commencing with Section 20001). (i) Division 11 (commencing with Section 23001). (j) Part 4 (commencing with Section 27501) of Division 12. (k) Division 16 (commencing with Section 40501). (l) Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 44971) of Division 17. (m) Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 52001) of Division 18. (n) Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 52251) of Division 18. (o) Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 52651) of Division 18. (p) Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 52851) of Division 18. (q) Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 55401), Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 56101), and Chapter 7.5 (commencing with Section 56701) of Division 20. (r) Section 58582. (s) Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 61301), Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 61801), and Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 62700) of Part 3 of Division 21. (t) Chapter 5.5 (commencing with Section 12531) of Division 5 of the Business and Professions Code. (u) Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 12700) of Division 5 of the Business and Professions Code. (v) Chapter 14 (commencing with Section 13400) and Chapter 15 (commencing with Section 13700) of Division 5 of the Business and Professions Code.


221.1. (a) Notwithstanding Section 221, the department shall establish all permanent positions with the Controller's office, pursuant to standard state administrative practices. (b) The department shall report to the chairs of the fiscal committees of the Legislature and to the Legislative Analyst's office on or before January 10, 2005, on the positions established pursuant to subdivision (a) that have been funded by the department's general authority. The report shall include a description of the positions by program, classification, and source of funding, as well as a complete description of the workload for the positions.


222. The director shall keep a separate record of the classes and sources of income which are credited to, and disbursed from, the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund.


223. A sum not to exceed twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000) may, upon approval of the Department of Finance, be withdrawn from the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund to be used as a revolving fund by the department for the purposes for which the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund may be used.


224. Moneys transferred by the Controller to the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund from the Motor Vehicle Fuel Account pursuant to Section 8352.5 of the Revenue and Taxation Code shall be expended by the Secretary of Food and Agriculture as follows: (a) Of the amount transferred each fiscal year, nine million dollars ($9,000,000) is hereby appropriated to the Department of Food and Agriculture for payment to the counties for pesticide use enforcement programs supervised by the Director of Pesticide Regulation. Reimbursement shall be apportioned to the counties in relation to each county's expenditures to the total amount expended by all counties for the preceding fiscal year for pesticide use enforcement programs, as determined by the director, or with the collective agreement of the agricultural commissioners, disbursement to counties for a current fiscal year according to criteria developed in work plans, or any combination of reimbursement and disbursement as agreed upon by the director and the commissioners. The amount to be transferred to any county for a fiscal year may be increased or decreased by the director to compensate for incorrect previous transfers to that county, or adjusted based on evaluations of annual county Pesticide Enforcement Workplans conducted by the Department of Pesticide Regulation. (b) Of the amount transferred each fiscal year, two hundred fifty thousand dollars ($250,000) is hereby appropriated to the Department of Food and Agriculture for state and county liaison activities and for departmental expenses directly related to administration of this section. (c) Of the amount transferred each fiscal year, one million five hundred thousand dollars ($1,500,000) is hereby appropriated to the department for divisional and departmental overhead charges to the Department of Food and Agriculture. (d) Of the amount transferred each fiscal year in excess of the amount transferred in the 2006-07 fiscal year, 7 percent is hereby appropriated to the department for full disbursement to individual counties, in proportion to the distribution each county is to receive pursuant to subdivision (g) to offset expenses associated with programs, personnel, and materials that ensure the uniform application of state agricultural policy or administer programs supervised by the secretary. (e) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, of the amount transferred each fiscal year, three million dollars ($3,000,000) is hereby appropriated for distribution to counties in a manner prescribed by the secretary for pest detection or trapping programs. These funds are intended to supplement funds available for pest detection or trapping in the annual Budget Act. As a condition of receiving these funds, counties shall not reduce their level of support from any other funds for pest detection or trapping programs. If a county declines to participate in a pest detection or trapping program, or fails to conduct the program to the state's satisfaction, the secretary shall reduce, by the amount that would otherwise be allocated to the county, funds available pursuant to this subdivision and any state allocations from the annual Budget Act. Those forfeited funds are hereby appropriated to the Department of Food and Agriculture for purposes of operating the pest detection or trapping programs in those counties. (f) (1) Of the amount transferred each fiscal year, three million dollars ($3,000,000) is hereby appropriated to the Department of Food and Agriculture to be used for emergency detection, investigation, or eradication of agricultural plant or animal pests or diseases during the fiscal year, upon approval of the Director of Finance. At the end of each fiscal year, any unencumbered balance of these funds shall be carried over to the next fiscal year, or at the discretion of the secretary, may be used for planning and research involving detection, investigation, eradication, and methods of quarantine compliance for agricultural plant or animal pests or diseases. (2) The department shall develop policies, in consultation with the agricultural commissioners and in compliance with any requirements of the annual Budget Act, to guide the ongoing use of these funds. (g) The total amount transferred during each fiscal year less the amounts provided in subdivisions (a) to (f), inclusive, is hereby appropriated to be paid to the counties for agricultural programs authorized by this code that are supervised by the department and administered by agricultural commissioners. Reimbursement shall be apportioned to the counties in relation to each county's expenditures to the total amount expended by all counties for the preceding fiscal year for agricultural programs, as determined by the secretary, or with the collective agreement of the agricultural commissioners, disbursement to counties according to criteria developed in work plans for a current fiscal year, or any combination of reimbursement and disbursement as agreed upon by the secretary and the commissioners. The amount to be transferred to any county for a fiscal year may be increased or decreased by the secretary to provide that, insofar as those transferred unclaimed refundable gas tax funds for apportionment to the counties are available, no county shall receive smaller combined apportionments of gas taxes and unclaimed refundable gas taxes than that county would have received had the gas taxes been apportioned without the transfer required by Section 8352.5, as determined by the secretary, except that the amount of unclaimed refundable gas tax funds to be transferred to any county for a fiscal year may be increased or decreased by the secretary to compensate for incorrect previous transfers to that county, and to account for any failure to meet the criteria listed in Section 224.5. (h) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2008.


224.5. (a) In order to be eligible for the transfer specified in subdivision (g) of Section 224, counties must meet all of the following criteria, as determined by the secretary: (1) Currently employ or contract with a licensed agricultural commissioner. (2) Submit annual agricultural expenditure reports to the department in a timely manner. (3) Maintain county general fund support for agricultural commissioner services at least equal to the average amount expended for the five preceding fiscal years, unless the county is facing unusual economic hardship that precludes that support. (b) In the event that a county does not meet the criteria listed in subdivision (a) in a timely fashion, nothing shall preclude the secretary from completing transfers only to those counties that have met the criteria, while reserving funds for distribution to counties that may later be determined to have met them, or to set a date certain each fiscal year by which all available funds will be distributed to the counties that have met the criteria. (c) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2008.


225. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, on all funds transferred from the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund and the Acala Cotton Fund for any purpose other than to carry out or enforce the law directly relating to the source of those funds, interest shall be paid to the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund or the Acala Cotton Fund which otherwise would have been earned if the funds had not been transferred.


226. (a) Notwithstanding Section 11044 of the Government Code, the sum of one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) is hereby continuously appropriated from the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund in each fiscal year to the department for litigation expenses incurred by the Bureau of Market Enforcement. (b) At any time in a given fiscal year that the one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) appropriated for litigation costs in subdivision (a) is completely expended, the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund and the General Fund shall share additional litigation costs on a basis of 20 percent paid by the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund and 80 percent paid by the General Fund. These additional funds are to be used only when the bureau or the department is a defendant, or becomes a cross-defendant, in an action relating to market enforcement. (c) If a legal action is carried from one fiscal year to the next, the costs incurred in the following year shall not be charged against the one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) annually allocated pursuant to subdivision (a) to the bureau, but instead shall continue to be funded in the following years with 80 percent being paid by the General Fund and 20 percent being paid by the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund. (d) In civil actions in which the bureau is a party, the prevailing party may be awarded court costs and attorneys fees.


227. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in order to avoid unnecessary charges and to provide for efficient program implementation, the fees and assessments required by law to be paid to the director or the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund to support the agricultural programs specified in subdivision (b) of Section 230, except those specified in Article 5 (commencing with Section 6001) of Chapter 9 of Part 1 of Division 4, Article 8.5 (commencing with Section 6047.1) of Chapter 9 of Part 1 of Division 4, and Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 44971) of Division 17, may be deposited in the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund, or with an entity that is (1) a bank or other depository approved by the Department of Finance, (2) a marketing order board or commission created pursuant to this code, or (3) another state agency, designated by the agricultural program's advisory body, if any. The fees and assessments required by law to be paid to the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund in Article 8.5 (commencing with Section 6047.1) of Chapter 9 of Part 1 of Division 4 may be deposited in the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund, or with an entity that is a bank or other depository approved by the Department of Finance. The director may designate that entity if an advisory body has not been created by statute for an agricultural program. All unencumbered funds in the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund and the Agriculture Trust Fund, including income therefrom, that have been collected pursuant to the agricultural program may also be deposited with the designated entity. (b) The funds deposited with the designated entity shall be expended exclusively for the purpose of implementing and continuing the agricultural program for which they were collected. (c) Prior to the deposit of any funds with an entity designated pursuant to subdivision (a), the entity shall enter into an agreement with the department that shall include, but not be limited to, all of the following requirements: (1) The entity shall serve as custodian for the safekeeping of the funds. (2) Funds deposited with the entity shall be encumbered for the exclusive purpose of implementing and continuing the agricultural program for which they were collected. (3) Funds deposited with the entity shall be subject to an audit at least once every two years by an auditor selected by the director. A copy of the audit shall be provided to the director within 30 days of completion of the audit. (4) The department shall be reimbursed for all expenses it incurs that are reasonably related to implementing and continuing the agricultural program for which the funds were collected in accordance with the agreement. With respect to the agricultural program created in Article 8.5 (commencing with Section 6047.1) of Chapter 9 of Part 1 of Division 4, the department shall be limited to those expenditures permitted under Section 6047.12. When practicable, as determined by the department, the designated entity shall deposit advance payments for these expenses with the department. (5) The entity shall maintain a reserve in an amount sufficient to pay for costs arising from unanticipated occurrences associated with the administration of the program. Provided that, with respect to the agricultural program created in Article 8.5 (commencing with Section 6047.1) of Chapter 9 of Part 1 of Division 4, the reserve shall include only an amount sufficient to pay for costs associated with the administrative expenditures described in Section 6047.12, and may be expended annually for those purposes. (d) In transferring funds from the department to any entity pursuant to subdivision (a), the director shall not be personally liable in any way for errors in judgment, mistakes, or other acts, either by commission or omission, except for his or her own individual acts of dishonesty or crime.


Article 2.5. Agriculture Trust Fund

Ca Codes (fac:230-240.5) Food And Agricultural Code Section 230-240.5



230. As used in this article: (a) "Advisory body" means the advisory body for each individual agriculture program. (b) "Agriculture programs" means the programs specified in Section 221, Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 5301) of Division 4, Sections 6037, 6038, and 9641.5, Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 29001) of Division 13, Division 15 (commencing with Section 32501), Article 6.5 (commencing with Section 42801) of Chapter 2 of Division 17, and Chapter 10 (commencing with Section 46000) of Division 17. (c) "Trust fund" means the Agriculture Trust Fund created pursuant to Section 232.

231. The Legislature finds and declares that the maintenance of agriculture funded programs described in subdivision (b) of Section 230 is necessary to ensure the consuming public of a continuous and safe supply of food and fiber and is affected with a public interest. This article is enacted in the exercise of the police power of this state for the purpose of protecting the health and welfare of the people of this state.


232. The Agriculture Trust Fund is hereby created. The trust fund is not a fund of the State Treasury. Transfers to the trust fund may be deposited in the State Treasury, or in a bank or other depository approved by the Department of Finance. Funds that are so transferred are exempt from Sections 11270 and 11272 of the Government Code and shall be deposited and disbursed only to pay for attorney's fees and other costs incurred in litigation involving the trust fund, expenses generated by the auditing requirement imposed by Section 239, and the costs set forth in Section 240.


233. (a) The trust fund consists of moneys transferred by the director from the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund, including all income therefrom. The amount of funds, excluding interest earned thereon, contained in the trust fund shall be determined by the director, and shall be the same percentage for all agricultural programs, but shall not exceed 10 percent of the annual operating budgets of each agricultural program. Funds in excess of 10 percent of the annual operating budgets of each agricultural program that are in the trust fund, or such other lesser percentage as the director may determine, may be returned to the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund. (b) The director shall establish separate accounts in the trust fund for the money transferred to the fund from each of the agricultural program accounts in the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund. The trust accounts shall be used by the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund for expenditure when necessary for the exclusive purpose of implementing and continuing any of the agriculture programs with money contained in the trust fund.


234. The trust fund is created for the exclusive purpose of implementing and continuing the agricultural programs for which the funds were collected.

235. Each agricultural program specified in subdivision (b) of Section 230 with funds contained in the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund shall participate in the trust fund unless an entity is designated pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 227 or Section 6005 or 45021.


236. The beneficiaries of the trust are the agricultural programs with money contained in the trust fund.


237. The trust fund shall continue in existence for as long as any of the agricultural programs specified in subdivision (b) of Section 230 continues to exist. Upon termination of any of those agricultural programs, all of that program's remaining funds, exclusive of all financial obligations of that program, shall be returned on a pro rata basis to all persons from whom assessments or fees were collected for purposes of that program in the immediately preceding marketing season. However, if the director finds that the amounts returnable are so small as to make impractical the computation and remitting of a pro rata refund to those persons, any funds remaining after payment of all expenses shall be paid to any existing state or federally authorized agricultural program relating to the same industry. If no such program exists, any remaining money shall be paid to the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund. If the account of a terminating agricultural program is insufficient to meet all financial obligations, the director may borrow a pro rata share from all other accounts in the trust fund to pay those obligations. The director shall collect a supplemental assessment from all persons from whom assessments or fees were collected for the purposes of the program being terminated in the immediately preceding marketing seasons to reimburse the trust fund. Upon the termination of all the agricultural programs specified in subdivision (b) of Section 230, the trustee shall transfer the remaining funds to the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund.


238. It is hereby declared, as a matter of legislative determination, that the advisory body for each of the identified agricultural programs is intended to represent and further the interest of a particular agricultural industry concerned, and that this representation and furtherance is intended to serve the public interest. Accordingly, the Legislature finds that, with respect to persons who are appointed to any advisory body, the particular agricultural industry concerned is tantamount to, and constitutes, the public generally within the meaning of Section 87103 of the Government Code.


238.5. The chairperson of each advisory body shall advise the director on the administration of the trust fund, including, but not limited to, the amount of the fund to be applied to program closures, unanticipated occurrences, and replenishment.


239. All trust fund activities shall be subject to an audit at least once every two years by an auditing firm selected by the director in accordance with Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 10290) of Part 2 of Division 2 of the Public Contract Code. A copy of the audit shall be delivered to the director within 30 days after completion.


239.5. Any money that is deposited pursuant to Section 232, which the director determines is available for investment, may be invested or reinvested in any of the securities described in Article 1 (commencing with Section 16430) of Chapter 3 of Part 2 of Division 4 of Title 2 of the Government Code.


240. The moneys in the trust fund shall be disbursed only to pay for costs arising from unanticipated occurrences associated with administering self-funded programs. These costs shall include, but are not limited to: attorney costs related to litigation; workers' compensation costs; unemployment costs; phaseout costs of existing programs; and temporary funding for programs that are implementing a fee increase. Any program using the moneys from the trust fund shall repay the trust fund based on a schedule approved by the director. In addition to the costs specified above, the director may impose a charge in the amount necessary to cover the department's costs in administering this article.

240.5. This article shall be liberally construed. If any provision of this article or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of the article that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this article are severable.


Article 3. Interdepartmental Expenses

Ca Codes (fac:241-243) Food And Agricultural Code Section 241-243



241. The director may charge any bureau, division, board, or other agency of the department which is supported otherwise than by the appropriations from the General Fund its proportionate share of the administrative expense of the department, or a share in an amount which is computed to reasonably compensate the department for the administative services which are rendered by it.


242. Apportionment of the expenses shall be made and determined by the director, subject to the approval of the Director of Finance. The proportionate or computed share so charged shall not, however, exceed 5 percent of the collections which are made by the department for the bureau, division, board, or other agency and the share shall further be limited to only those costs for which direct benefits are derived by the programs against which the costs are being charged.


243. Any money which is charged and received by the department pursuant to this article shall be remitted to the State Treasury for credit to the current appropriation from the General Fund for the support of the department. The sum so remitted shall be available for expenditure for the support of the department.


Article 4. License And Registration

Ca Codes (fac:261-263) Food And Agricultural Code Section 261-263



261. Unless otherwise specifically provided in this code, any license or registration which is issued pursuant to this code expires whenever the bond which is required of a licensee or registrant under this code lapses or is canceled. If, however, the bond is canceled as a result of the retirement from business of the bonding company and the director is satisfied that the licensee is solvent, he may continue the license or registration for a period of not to exceed 30 days to enable the licensee or registrant to secure a new bond.

262. Notwithstanding any provision of law, a license, registration, certificate, permit, exception, or other indicia of authority issued by the department under any provision of this code is forfeited by operation of law prior to its expiration date when one of the following events occurs: (a) The holder surrenders the indicia to the department. (b) The holder dies. (c) The partnership holder dissolves. (d) The holder of a significant financial interest in a corporation transfers his or her interest to another person or entity, regardless of relationship. The secretary shall determine what constitutes a "significant financial interest" for the purposes of this subdivision.

263. Notwithstanding any provision of law, the department may deny an application for, or may condition, suspend, or revoke, any license, registration, certificate, permit, exception, or other indicia of authority issued by the department under any provision of this code upon any of the following grounds: (a) Violation by the holder or applicant of any section of this code, or any rule or regulation promulgated under this code, that expressly applies to the license, registration, certificate, permit, exception, or other indicia of authority denied, conditioned, suspended, or revoked. (b) Violation by a holder's or applicant's agent, employee, or contractor, or by an organization or entity in which the holder or applicant holds a significant financial interest, of any section of this code, or any rule or regulation promulgated under this code, that expressly applies to the license, registration, certificate, permit, exception, or other indicia of authority denied, conditioned, suspended, or revoked, under circumstances in which the licensee knew or should have known of and failed to take reasonable measures to prevent, the violation, or failed to report the violation to the department upon learning of it. (c) The conviction of the holder or applicant of a crime that includes as one of its elements the financial victimization of another. (d) A false or misleading statement by a holder or applicant that the holder or applicant knew or should have known to be false or misleading, directed to any official of any government concerning the scope of the license, registration, certificate, permit, exception, or other indicia of authority, the standards under which it was issued, or the contents of the application for licensure, registration, certification, the permit, exception, or other indicia of authority. (e) The department may also temporarily suspend any license, registration, certificate, permit, exception, or other indicia of authority prior to hearing, if the department has prima facie evidence that the health and safety of persons, growing crops, or livestock are in imminent danger.


Article 5. Collection

Ca Codes (fac:281-284) Food And Agricultural Code Section 281-284



281. The director may direct suit in the name of the people of the state, as plaintiff, to be brought for the recovery of any license or other fee against any person required to take out a license or pay any fee pursuant to this code that fails, neglects, or refuses to take out such license or pay such fee, or that, without such license or payment of such fee, carries on or attempts to carry on the business or do any act for which such license or payment of such fee is required. Notwithstanding Section 483.010 of the Code of Civil Procedure, in such case a writ of attachment may be issued in the manner provided by Title 6.5 (commencing with Section 481.010) of Part 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure.


282. In cases where the director may perform sampling, grading, testing, inspection, or certification services in relation to any agricultural product, or identification services in relation to root or top stock of any fruit or nut trees, and fix reasonable fees to pay the costs necessary to perform the services he may collect such fees in advance of performing the services. He need not, however, do so if, in his opinion, the benefit of such services would be lessened by advance payment.


283. In lieu of collecting fees in advance pursuant to Section 282, the director may, if he deems it necessary, accept a bond which guarantees payment of the fees. The bond shall be satisfactory to the director.

284. If the director finds that any amount not in excess of five dollars ($5) which is due pursuant to this code is so small as not to justify the cost of its collection or believes that its collection is improbable, he may remove the amount which is due from the records of the department. He shall not, thereafter, be held accountable for its collection.


Article 6. Refunds

Ca Codes (fac:301-306) Food And Agricultural Code Section 301-306



301. As used in this article, "fee" includes, but is not limited to, any application fee, license fee, permit fee, inspection fee, certification fee, registration fee, identification fee, analysis fee, or certificate fee.

302. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the director may authorize the refund of any money which is received or collected by the department in the payment of any fee, assessment, or tax.


303. A refund may be made in whole or in part in any of the following instances: (a) The purpose for a fee cannot lawfully be accomplished for the person that paid the fee through no fault of such person. (b) A refund of a fee is requested by the payer before any examination or inspection has been performed or service rendered by the department for the payer. (c) The payment of a fee, assessment, or tax represents an overpayment, payment in duplicate, payment in error in law, or payment through error of the payer or the department.


304. The fiscal officer of the department shall make payment of any refund pursuant to this article if the director prepares a voucher which sets forth the facts which pertain to the refund and authorizes its payment.

305. If any money which is to be refunded has been deposited in the State Treasury, the State Controller, upon receipt of a claim which is filed by the department, shall draw his warrant for the payment of the refund from the fund to which the money was credited.


306. If the director finds that the amount of any refund is less than ten dollars ($10) or an amount established pursuant to Section 16302.1 of the Government Code, the director may retain the amount for use for the same purpose for which the original payment was made, unless demand for the payment of a refund is made within six months after the determination that a refund is due. If a demand is made, the refund shall be paid.


Chapter 3. Other Powers And Duties

Article 1. General Provisions

Ca Codes (fac:401-411) Food And Agricultural Code Section 401-411



401. The department shall promote and protect the agricultural industry of the state.


401.5. The department shall also seek to enhance, protect, and perpetuate the ability of the private sector to produce food and fiber in a way that benefits the general welfare and economy of the state. The department shall also seek to maintain the economic well-being of agriculturally dependent rural communities in this state.


402. The department shall prevent fraud and deception in any of the following: (a) Packing or labeling, or in any phase of the marketing, of any agricultural product which is governed by this code. (b) Labeling and marketing of any commodity that is governed by this code, which is sold to producers for use in the production of crops.


403. The department shall prevent the introduction and spread of injurious insect or animal pests, plant diseases, and noxious weeds.


404. The department shall execute the provisions of this code, except as otherwise provided, and of other laws administered by it.


405. (a) With the prior approval of the Department of Fish and Game and the State Department of Health Services, the department may reproduce or distribute biological control organisms that are not detrimental to the public health and safety which are known to be useful in reducing or preventing plant or animal damage due to pests or diseases. (b) The department shall not engage in the production of beneficial organisms when such organisms are available for purchase from commercial sources.


406. The department shall require reports from commissioners.


407. The director may adopt such regulations as are reasonably necessary to carry out the provisions of this code which he is directed or authorized to administer or enforce.


408. The director may enter upon any premises to inspect the premises or any plant, appliance, or thing which is on such premises.


409. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the department by rule or regulation may provide for the issuance and renewal on a two-year basis of licenses, certificates of registration, or other indicia of authority issued pursuant to this code by the department or any agency in the department. The department may, by rule or regulation, set the fee for such two-year license, certificate of registration, or other indicia, not to exceed twice the annual fee for issuance or renewal set by statute.


410. It is the intent of the Legislature that the Department of Food and Agriculture, in cooperation with appropriate county officials and industry representatives, develop mutually satisfactory sources of nonstate funding to augment budget programs in the areas of county agricultural commissioners and weights and measures.


411. (a) The Department of Food and Agriculture shall supply the Department of Water Resources with a forecast that estimates the amount of production of food, fiber, livestock, and other farm products. (b) As part of the forecast, the Department of Food and Agriculture's assumptions shall be based upon 20-year estimates that include, but are not limited to, the following data: (1) Land use conversion rates and the amount of land available for agricultural production. (2) The growing need for food, fiber, livestock and other farm products as the state's and the nation's populations grow. (3) Implementation of irrigation technology and other on-farm water conservation measures. (4) Advances in crop yields and production techniques. (5) Alternate uses of crops. (c) The department shall include an additional table in the forecast that estimates the agricultural water needs based upon food security considerations that include, at a minimum, the following: (1) Population growth estimates. (2) Production of farm products sufficient to feed the state's population, as well as continue to provide at least 25 percent of the nation's table food. (3) Production necessary to meet the growth in export markets. (d) To the extent feasible, the Department of Food and Agriculture may cooperate with the Department of Finance, the University of California, and other institutions and organizations in obtaining information for the forecasts. (e) The Department of Food and Agriculture shall furnish the forecast to the Department of Water Resources for estimating related water usage, as well as to the Chairs of the Assembly Committee on Agriculture, the Assembly Committee on Water, Parks, and Wildlife, and the Senate Committee on Agriculture and Water Resources. The Department of Water Resources shall include this information in Bulletin 160.


Article 2. Services

Ca Codes (fac:431-436) Food And Agricultural Code Section 431-436



431. The department shall collect and preserve books, pamphlets, periodicals, and other documents which contain information that relates to agriculture.

432. The department shall collect and prepare statistics, charts, films, photographs, and other illustrative or exhibit material and information which shows the actual condition and progress of agriculture in this state and elsewhere.

433. The department shall correspond with agricultural societies, colleges, schools, the commissioners, and with all other persons who are necessary to secure the best results to agriculture in this state.

434. The department shall issue and cause to be printed and distributed to the commissioners, and to such other persons as it may deem proper, bulletins, charts, photographs or other illustrative material or statements which contain all the information which is best adapted to advance the interest, business, and development of agriculture in the state. The department may broadcast such portions of the illustrative material or statements as are adapted to give effect to this code. It may exhibit or display such data and material as have been collected or prepared, and may incur expenses which are necessarily incidental to the exhibit or display of such data and material.


435. The director may establish an identification record service for parent root and top stock of fruit and nut trees. He shall establish a reasonable schedule of fees for such service which is based upon the approximate cost of the service. Upon application of any person and the payment of the proper fees, the director shall assign to parent stock an identifying code number and make an appropriate record of such number.


436. Any money which is received by the department pursuant to Section 435 shall be paid into the State Treasury and be credited to the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund. Any money in the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund which was derived pursuant to that section may be expended for the administration and enforcement of any or all of the following which relate to nursery stock, notwithstanding any other provision of law which limits the expenditure of the money to some specific purpose or to the administration or enforcement of some specific section, article, chapter, or law: (a) Section 435. (b) Article 7 (commencing with Section 5821) of Chapter 8 of Part 1 of Division 4. (c) Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 6701) of Part 3 of Division 4. (d) Any other provision of Division 4 (commencing with Section 5001), which relates to nursery stock, except Article 5 (commencing with Section 6001) of Chapter 9 or Chapter 10 (commencing with Section 6101) of Part 1, Part 5 (commencing with Section 8401), or Part 6 (commencing with Section 8801) of Division 4. (e) Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 53301) of Division 18.


Article 3. Surveys And Investigations

Ca Codes (fac:461-462) Food And Agricultural Code Section 461-462



461. The department may conduct surveys or investigations of any nursery, orchard, vineyard, agricultural commodity, agricultural appliance, farm, or other premises within the state liable to be infested or infected with any pest as defined in Section 5006 or disease, including any infectious, transmissible, and contagious diseases of livestock and poultry, for the purpose of detecting the presence of, or determining the status of, the pest or disease. The director and the county agricultural commissioner shall consult concerning these surveys or investigations and in the conduct or implementation of any control or eradication activity when the provisions of this code provide joint responsibilities in connection with the pest or disease.


462. The director may enter into an agreement with one or more organizations representing growers, shippers, manufacturers of agricultural commodities, nonprofit trade associations whose members market agricultural commodities, federal or state marketing order boards, and state commissions which are organized pursuant to this code, operate in California, and actively engage in the marketing of agricultural commodities, whereby research will be conducted by public or private agencies to determine methods, techniques, or criteria for agricultural commodities to qualify for entrance into foreign markets. The agreement shall specify that the state will provide up to 50 percent of the funds necessary for the research and the other parties to the agreement will provide an amount equal to or greater than that provided by the state. State funds shall be available for expenditure for the purposes of this section upon appropriation therefor in the Budget Act or other statute.


Article 4. Intergovernmental Cooperation

Ca Codes (fac:481-486) Food And Agricultural Code Section 481-486



481. (a) The department may, with the approval of the Governor, cooperate with officials of the United States Department of Agriculture or with officials of other states in the conduct of pest or disease investigations outside of this state in the interest of the protection of the agricultural industry of this state from any pest or disease which is not generally distributed in this state. (b) The department may enter into cooperative agreements with the United States Department of Agriculture to carry out a program for the prevention and control of avian influenza. The department shall, in accordance with the Administrative Procedures Act, adopt any regulations necessary to implement program requirements set out in the agreement.


482. (a) The director may enter into cooperative agreements with individuals, associations, boards of supervisors, and with departments, divisions, bureaus, boards, or commissions of this state or of the United States for the purpose of eradicating, controlling, or destroying any infectious disease or pest within this state. (b) The director may enter into cooperative agreements with boards of supervisors or commissioners for the purpose of administering and enforcing this code. (c) The director may enter into cooperative agreements with boards of supervisors and commissioners for the purpose of administering and enforcing any activity, duty, or responsibility under this code in addition to those activities, duties, or responsibilities specifically designated or authorized to be carried out by the commissioners. The cooperative agreement shall provide for payment to the county or commissioner for the county's or the commissioner's performance under the agreement except where payment is provided for elsewhere in this code. Where this code requires the director to perform an activity, duty, or responsibility, an agreement entered into under this subdivision does not relieve the director of ultimate responsibility for that performance.


483. The director may arrange for the services of any individual employed by the United States, the state, or a county on a collaborative basis and allow him a reasonable fee and necessary expenses which are incurred when serving the department in a collaborative capacity.


484. The director may enter into cooperative agreements with departments, divisions, bureaus, boards, or commissions of the United States for the purpose of administering meat or poultry meat inspection programs to protect the public from uninspected, adulterated, or misbranded meat and poultry meat and products thereof.


485. (a) The secretary may enter into cooperative agreements with private entities, and with boards, bureaus, commissions, or departments of this state or of the United States, for the purpose of administering compensation, conservation, disaster assistance, economic assistance, education, environmental enhancement, indemnification, market promotion, research, and similar programs that promote and enhance agriculture. (b) Upon appropriation by the Legislature, the secretary may receive and expend federal funds and any nonstate matching funds made available to the department for the purposes specified above via grant, interagency agreement, or otherwise, and these funds shall be administered in accordance with Section 221. (c) (1) Grant awards shall be made by the department on a competitive basis established by the department wherever possible. (2) Any grant awarded on an alternative basis that is not competitive shall comply with all applicable state requirements, orders, and guidelines. (3) Decisions of the secretary relating to the award of grants shall be final. (d) Procedures, forms, and guidelines established for these grant programs, including the application process, are exempt from Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code. (e) If the secretary expends funds or awards grants for the study of protocols for crops to meet standards for transport out of a quarantine area, the following shall apply: (1) Primary consideration shall be given to crops that are most at risk from the imposition of a quarantine and for which protocols do not currently exist, as long as the application otherwise meets reasonable scientific standards. (2) The department may consult with individuals or representatives of the agriculture industry, and academic or scientific individuals, or organizations to establish criteria and assist in the recommendation of any expenditure of funds or the award of grants.


486. The secretary may not enter into a cooperative agreement with a county of the first class for agricultural inspector services if the cooperative agreement requires that year-round services be provided, unless the following percentages of agricultural inspector aides not afforded protections as permanent employees employed under the cooperative agreement are afforded protections as permanent employees under the county's civil service or other personnel system: (a) For the 2004-05 fiscal year, 33 percent of the agricultural inspector aides not afforded protections as permanent employees employed by the county during the 2003-04 fiscal year providing year-round services. (b) For the 2005-06 fiscal year, not less than 66 percent of the agricultural inspectors not afforded protections as permanent employees employed by the county during the 2003-04 fiscal year providing year-round services. (c) For the 2006-07 fiscal year, not less than 66 percent of the agricultural inspectors not afforded protections as permanent employees employed by the county during the 2003-04 fiscal year providing year-round services.


Article 5. Food Biotechnology Task Force

Ca Codes (fac:491-492) Food And Agricultural Code Section 491-492



491. The Legislature finds and declares the following: (a) Consumers have an interest in being informed about the benefits and potential quantifiable risks to their health from products they consume. This information must be grounded in sound science, must use informative and effective communications, and shall be consistent with other production technologies. (b) As new advances in biotechnology, including transgenic plants, are developed, it is important to understand the opportunities that new technologies offer to consumers, farmers, the livestock industry, food processors, and the environment, as well as to evaluate the potential risks. (c) Under the existing regulatory framework for biotechnology, the United States Food and Drug Administration has the federal authority to assure that food and pharmaceutical development using biotechnology protects public health, the United States Environmental Protection Agency has the authority to review environmental issues including bioengineered pesticides, and the United States Department of Agriculture has the responsibility to regulate the introduction of genetically modified plants into the agricultural environment. Careful review of existing oversight responsibility helps in understanding the regulatory framework governing the approval of biotechnology products and will help clarify California's role in the endeavor. (d) California is the leading agricultural state in the country, producing 350 commodities and farm gate revenues totaling nearly twenty-seven billion dollars ($27,000,000,000) annually, of which nearly seven billion dollars ($7,000,000,000) is exported. Support for agricultural research based in sound science, and the utilization of modern farming technologies is a key factor leading to California' s strong farm economy and its competitive edge in the world market for agricultural products.


492. (a) The Legislature hereby creates the Food Biotechnology Task Force. The task force shall be cochaired by the Secretary of California Health and Human Services, and the Secretary of the California Department of Food and Agriculture. The task force shall consult with appropriate state agencies and the University of California. The Department of Food and Agriculture shall be the lead agency. (b) An advisory committee shall be appointed by the task force to provide input on issues reviewed by the task force. The advisory committee shall consist of representatives from consumer groups, environmental organizations, farmers, ranchers, representatives from the biotechnology industry, researchers, organic farmers, food processors, retailers, and others with interests in the issues surrounding biotechnology. (c) The Department of Food and Agriculture shall make funds available to other agencies to accomplish the purposes of this article and shall contract, where appropriate, with the California Council on Science and Technology, the University of California, or other entities to review issues evaluated by the task force or support activities of the advisory committee. (d) The task force may request particular agencies to lead the effort to evaluate various factors related to food biotechnology. As funding becomes available, the task force shall evaluate factors including all of the following: (1) Definition and categorization of food biotechnology and production processes. (2) Scientific literature on the subject, and a characterization of information resources readily available to consumers. (3) Issues related to domestic and international marketing of biotechnology foods such as the handling, processing, manufacturing, distribution, labeling, and marketing of these products. (4) Potential benefits and impacts to human health, the state's economy, and the environment accruing from food biotechnology. (5) Existing federal and state evaluation and oversight procedures. (e) The task force shall report issues studied, findings, basis for their findings, and recommendations to the Governor and the Legislature by January 1, 2003. (f) An initial sum of one hundred twenty-five thousand dollars ($125,000) is hereby appropriated from the General Fund for disbursement to the Department of Food and Agriculture. It is the intent of the Legislature to make further funds available to accomplish the purposes contained in this article.


Article 5. Sustainable Agriculture

Ca Codes (fac:500-501) Food And Agricultural Code Section 500-501



500. Pursuant to subdivision (d) of Section 821, it is the intent of the Legislature that programs at the University of California designed to promote research on, and facilitate adoption of, sustainable agricultural practices, including, but not limited to, research, teaching, and outreach in the areas of sustainable farming systems, biologically integrated farming systems, organic agriculture, small farms, agroecology systems, biointensive integrated pest management, and biological pest control shall be adequately funded through the annual budget process to ensure the programs' ongoing ability to respond to the needs of all sectors of California's agricultural industry. It is the further intent of the Legislature that the sustainable agricultural practices, methods, and materials identified and developed by these programs be incorporated into appropriate programs of the state and the university to maximize the access of California farmers and ranchers to the information needed to adopt and implement these measures.


501. Pursuant to Section 500 and subdivision (d) of Section 821, the Legislature requests that the Regents of the University of California do both of the following: (a) Provide adequate and ongoing funding to programs at the University of California designed to promote research on, and facilitate adoption of, sustainable agricultural practices, including, but not limited to, research, teaching, and outreach in the areas of sustainable farming systems, biologically integrated farming systems, organic agriculture, small farms, agroecology systems, biointensive integrated pest management, and biological pest control to ensure the programs' ongoing ability to respond to the needs of all sectors of California's agricultural industry. (b) Fully incorporate the sustainable agricultural practices, methods, and materials identified and developed by the programs enumerated in this article into all appropriate programs of the university to ensure that California farmers and ranchers have maximum access to the information needed to adopt and implement these measures.


Article 7. Poultry And Livestock Diagnostic Laboratories

Ca Codes (fac:520-531) Food And Agricultural Code Section 520-531



520. "University," as used in this article, means the University of California.


521. It is the intent of the Legislature that the department contract with the Regents of the University of California to operate poultry and livestock disease laboratories pursuant to this article. The central laboratory should be located next to the facilities of the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital of the University of California at Davis, in order to take advantage of the expertise of the veterinary specialists.


522. When a central diagnostic laboratory constructed on the Davis campus of the university is ready for occupancy, the director shall contract with the Regents of the University of California for its School of Veterinary Medicine to establish and operate the California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory. The system shall be headed by a director appointed by the Dean of the School of Veterinary Medicine under applicable university hiring rules. The system shall test, examine, and make diagnoses of infectious, nutritional, toxic, metabolic, and other diseases of domestic animals.


523. The contract executed pursuant to this article shall provide that the university maintain sufficient numbers of laboratories to perform the functions contained in this article. The central diagnostic laboratory shall be established on the Davis campus of the university, and branch laboratories shall be operated as long as these services are best performed at a branch laboratory, considering the cost and quality of services.


524. (a) A central diagnostic laboratory building to be constructed on the Davis campus of the university adjacent to the facilities of the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, together with the equipment necessary for a modern veterinary diagnostic laboratory, is hereby specifically authorized. The department may include a request for physical facilities planning and working drawings funds in its 1983-84 budget request and for construction funds in the 1984-85 budget request. The funds may be transferred, as appropriate, to the university for planning, working drawings, and construction. Title to the facility shall vest in the Regents of the University of California, and the facility shall be dedicated for use as a veterinary diagnostic laboratory so long as it is needed for that purpose. (b) Prior to completion of construction of a central diagnostic laboratory on the Davis campus of the university, the director may continue to provide interim laboratory services and to contract with the university for diagnostic services which can be rendered more effectively by the university. In order to assure the orderly transfer of the veterinary diagnostic program from the department to the university, a Transition Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory Administrative Committee is established. The committee shall consist of the director or his or her designee, who will serve as chairman, the Dean of the School of Veterinary Medicine or his or her designee who will serve as assistant chairman, and two additional members, one appointed by the director and one by the dean. The committee shall advise the department and the university on the operation of the laboratories during the period prior to the diagnostic laboratory system being fully transferred from the department to the university.


525. After the contract has been executed pursuant to Section 521, the diagnostic functions of the regional laboratories maintained at Petaluma and Sacramento shall be transferred to other laboratories in the system and those two laboratories shall be closed.


526. The contract shall provide that the university, in consultation with the department, shall establish a schedule of fees to help defray the cost of operation of the laboratories.


527. The contract shall provide for all of the following services which, when included in the department's budget, shall be provided without charge: (a) Services performed in the course of a department-approved investigation of an animal health problem. (b) Department-approved services provided to regulatory agencies.


528. The contract shall specify the accounting procedures to be used and any reports necessary to assure compliance with state and university requirements.

529. It is intended that the contractual arrangement between the university and the department be of long-term duration. The department's budget for the laboratories shall be reviewed annually. A Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory Board is hereby established, consisting of representatives of the livestock and poultry industries and practicing veterinarians who utilize the laboratory service. It shall be appointed by the director in consultation with the Dean of the School of Veterinary Medicine. The Chief of the Bureau of Animal Health of the department, the Assistant Area Veterinarian in Charge for California for the United States Department of Agriculture, and the director of the California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory created by this article shall be ex officio members. The board shall advise the university and the department on all aspects of the operation of the laboratories.


530. A member of the Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory Board is entitled to be paid his or her actual expenses which are incurred while engaged in performing his or her duties that are authorized by this article.

531. The budget for the California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory shall be established as a line item in the budget of the department. The operating budget requests shall be submitted annually, and requests for funding of construction of facilities and special items of laboratory equipment which cost over one hundred fifty thousand dollars ($150,000) shall be submitted when required. The director shall transfer funds appropriated for operation of the laboratories, for equipment, and for construction of facilities to the university to be managed according to university rules and regulations, and in accordance with the contract between the department and the university.


Article 8. Sustainable Agriculture

Ca Codes (fac:550-555) Food And Agricultural Code Section 550-555



550. This article shall be known and may be cited as the Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Act of 1986.


551. The Legislature finds and declares all of the following: (a) There is a growing movement in California and the nation to change farming techniques by adopting more resource-conserving, energy-efficient systems of agriculture. The objective of these changes is to produce agricultural products that may reduce the use of petrochemicals, improve means of biological pest management, improve soil productivity, improve erosion control, and improve irrigation, cultivation, and harvesting techniques. (b) Over the long term, adoption of more efficient resource-conserving systems of agricultural production can benefit both the producing and consuming public. (c) The resolution of many agricultural problems depends on immediate efforts to provide farmers with practices that are both resource conserving and economical for food producers, and to foster food production and distribution methods that reduce dependence on petroleum-based inputs.

552. The purpose of this article is to promote more research and education on sustainable agricultural practices, such as organic methods, biological control, and integrated pest managements, including the analysis of economic factors influencing the long-term sustainability of California agriculture. This article is intended to foster economically and ecologically beneficial means of soil improvement, pest management, irrigation, cultivation, harvesting, transportation, and marketing for California agriculture based on methods designed to accomplish all of the following: (a) The control of pests and diseases of agricultural importance through alternatives that reduce or eliminate the use of pesticides and petrochemicals. (b) The production, processing, and distribution of food and fiber in ways that consider the interactions among soil, plants, water, air, animals, tillage, machinery, labor, energy, and transportation to enhance agricultural efficiency, public health, and resource conservation.

553. (a) It is the intent of the Legislature that the Regents of the University of California establish the Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program to support all of the following: (1) Competitive grants for research on topics described in Section 552. (2) The giving of instructions and practical demonstrations in agriculture and imparting information through demonstrations, publications, and otherwise, and for printing and distribution of information in connection with the Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. Where feasible, these demonstrations shall include field research conducted on cooperating farms. (3) Planning for and management of University of California farmlands committed to supporting long-term continuous research in sustainable agricultural practices and farming systems. (b) Those eligible to apply for competitive grants under subdivision (a) shall include individuals affiliated with public and private institutions of higher education and with nonprofit tax-exempt organizations. (c) All grant applications shall be subject to peer review for scientific merit. (d) In awarding grants, preference shall be given to projects that include field evaluation and offer the greatest potential for measurable progress toward attaining the long-term goals pursuant to Section 552.

554. (a) If the Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program is established by the regents, the President of the University of California shall establish and appoint a Program Advisory Committee and a Technical Advisory Committee. (b) The duties of the Program Advisory Committee shall include recommending goals and priorities for this program, including, but not limited to, reviewing the priority of grant applications. (c) The Program Advisory Committee shall be composed of a majority of individuals representing agriculture, as well as representatives from government, public organizations, and institutions of higher education, all of whom are knowledgeable regarding the issues and practices of sustainable agriculture. (d) The duties of the Technical Advisory Committee shall include making recommendations about the scientific merit of grant applications submitted pursuant to Section 553. (e) The Technical Advisory Committee shall be composed of faculty and staff of the University of California and other experts from outside the university. (f) Members of the Program Advisory Committee and Technical Advisory Committee who are not employed by the University of California shall be appointed for a period not exceeding three years and receive compensation for expenses incurred in the performance of their duties according to applicable university regulations and guidelines.

555. If the Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program is established by the regents, it shall be established from existing resources.


Article 8.5. The Cannella Environmental Farming Act Of 1995

Ca Codes (fac:560-568) Food And Agricultural Code Section 560-568



560. This article shall be known as the Cannella Environmental Farming Act of 1995.


561. The Legislature finds and declares the following: (a) California agriculture helps to feed the world and fuel our economy. Agriculture provides one out of every 10 jobs in California, and our state has led the nation in total farm production every year since 1948. During 1993, California's 76,000 farms generated nearly $20 billion in cash receipts and another $70 billion in economic activity. (b) Many farmers engage in practices that contribute to the well-being of ecosystems, air quality, and wildlife and their habitat. Agriculture plays a pivotal role in preserving open space that is vital to the environment. Seventy-five percent of the nation' s wildlife live on farms and ranches. Freshwater streams and stockponds on farms and ranches provide habitat to millions of fish. Corn, wheat, rice, and other field crops provide bountiful food and habitat for deer, antelope, ducks, geese, and other wildlife. (c) Environmental laws should be based on the best scientific evidence gathered from public and private sources. (d) Best scientific evidence should include the net environmental impact provided by agriculture. (e) Additional research is necessary to adequately inventory the impact that agriculture has on the environment. Recognition should be afforded to agricultural activities that produce a net benefit for the environment, which is consistent with the growing trend of providing incentives for the private sector to undertake economic activities that benefit the environment.

564. Unless the context otherwise requires, the following definitions govern the construction of this article: (a) "Agricultural activities" means those activities that generate products as specified in Section 54004. (b) "Department" means the Department of Food and Agriculture. (c) "Panel" means the Scientific Advisory Panel on Environmental Farming. (d) "Secretary" means the Secretary of Food and Agriculture.


566. (a) The department shall establish and oversee an environmental farming program. The program shall provide incentives to farmers whose practices promote the well-being of ecosystems, air quality, and wildlife and their habitat. (b) The department may assist in the compilation of scientific evidence from public and private sources, including the scientific community, industry, conservation organizations, and federal, state, and local agencies identifying the net environmental impacts that agriculture creates for the environment. The department shall serve as the depository of this information and provide it to federal, state, and local governments, as needed. (c) The department shall conduct the activities specified in this article with existing resources, to the extent they are available.


568. (a) The secretary shall convene a five-member Scientific Advisory Panel on Environmental Farming to advise and assist federal, state, and local government agencies on issues relating to air, water, and wildlife habitat to do the following: (1) Review data on the impact that agriculture has on the environment and recommend to appropriate state agencies data that the panel approves as scientifically valid. A state agency that receives data recommended by the panel may adopt and incorporate the data into the appropriate program. If a state agency does not utilize the data recommended by the panel, it shall provide the panel with a written statement of reasons for not utilizing the data. The reasons, at a minimum, shall specify the scientific basis for not utilizing the data. The reasons shall be provided within 180 days of receiving the data from the panel. (2) Compile the net environmental impacts that agriculture creates for the environment, identified pursuant to paragraph (1). (3) Research, review, and comment on data upon which proposed environmental policies and regulatory programs are based to ensure that the environmental impacts of agricultural activities are accurately portrayed and to identify incentives that may be provided to encourage agricultural practices with environmental benefits. (4) Assist government agencies to incorporate benefits identified pursuant to paragraph (1) into environmental regulatory programs. (b) Members of the panel shall be highly qualified and professionally active or engaged in the conduct of scientific research. Of the members first appointed to the panel, two shall serve for a term of two years and three shall serve for a term of three years, as determined by lot. Thereafter, members shall be appointed for a term of three years. The members shall be appointed as follows: (1) Three members shall be appointed by the secretary. At least one of these members shall have a minimum of five years of training and experience in the field of agriculture and shall represent production agriculture. (2) One member, who has a minimum of five years of training and experience in the field of human health or environmental science, shall be appointed by the Secretary of the Environmental Protection Agency. (3) One member, who has a minimum of five years of training and experience in the field of resource management, shall be appointed by the Secretary of the Resources Agency. (c) The panel may establish ad hoc committees, which may include professionals or scientists, to assist it in performing its functions. (d) The panel shall be created and maintained with funds made available from existing resources within the department to the extent they are available.


Article 9. University Of California Center For Pest Research

Ca Codes (fac:576-585) Food And Agricultural Code Section 576-585



576. This article shall be known and may be cited as the University of California Pest Research Act of 1990.


577. The Legislature finds and declares all of the following: (a) There is a need to develop and apply ecologically based pest management alternatives that are environmentally sound to prevent, control, and eradicate pests. (b) The continuation of pest control technology in agriculture which relies primarily on synthetic chemicals may be impractical, given the dwindling number of newly registered chemicals, increasing resistance of numerous pests to pesticides, public concern about pesticide residues, and potential threats posed to environmental quality and human health. (c) To be adequately prepared for existing and new infestations of agricultural pests, California needs to have a means of coordinating and evaluating long-term basic and applied pest research, including the impact of prevention, control, and eradication efforts upon public health and the environment. (d) The state should facilitate, promote, and support collaborative pest research programs and projects by its agencies, public and private universities, the federal government, and the agricultural industry that work toward developing environmentally sound, ecologically based pest management techniques. (e) In order to strengthen pest prevention, control, and eradication efforts, it is the intent of the Legislature that an administrative structure be created within the University of California which, in cooperation with California's public and private universities, the state, the agricultural industry, and persons experienced with environmentally sound, ecologically based pest management alternatives, advances pest research and formulates innovative solutions that better safeguard the environment and public health. Toward these ends, the Legislature requests that the Regents of the University of California establish a pest research center which will review and prioritize pest-related research activities conducted through the university. It is the intent of the Legislature that University of California programs engaged in pest research shall, when applicable, follow the research priorities established by the center. The center is encouraged to develop research priorities in cooperation with other public and private universities and with state, federal, and county agencies, including, but not limited to, the Department of Food and Agriculture, State Department of Health Services, Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, county agricultural commissioners, United States Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, and the agricultural industry, and with environmental and public and occupational health groups.


578. Unless the context otherwise requires, the definitions in this section govern the construction of this article. (a) "Center" means the University of California Center for Pest Research. (b) "Pest" means any of the following pests that are, or are likely to become, dangerous or detrimental to the agricultural or nonagricultural environment of the state. (1) Any insect, nematode, or weed. (2) Any form of terrestrial, aquatic, or aerial plant, virus, fungus, bacteria, or other microorganism, except viruses, fungi, bacteria, or other microorganisms on, or in, a living human or any other living animal.

579. It is the intent of the Legislature that the responsibilities of the center include, but are not limited to, all of the following: (a) Establishing multidisciplinary, long-term research priorities for the University of California which focus on the application of ecologically based, environmentally sound prevention, control, and eradication practices against pests which pose a significant threat to the welfare of California's agricultural, forest, or urban settings. (b) Recommending how pest research funds obtained by the center on or after January 1, 1991, should be allocated within the University of California. (c) Encouraging the use of biological controls, integrated pest management, sustainable agriculture, and other alternative pest management methods to combat pests, and, thereby, reducing exposure to toxic substances in air, water, and soil. (d) Supporting basic and applied pest research, including practical field trials and awarding competitive grants, when economically feasible, and other projects administered by the center. (e) Developing information systems that enable academics, farmers, and public policymakers to quickly analyze and apply pest research data. (f) Providing information and advice to the department, county agricultural commissioners, the agricultural community, and other interested parties concerning pest prevention and detection through outreach consultation, information dissemination, education services, demonstrations, seminars, and publications. (g) Printing and distributing information related to center-sponsored and other University of California pest management research projects.

580. (a) It is the intent of the Legislature that the center, through its director, develop a list of recommended pest management research priorities for the University of California that emphasize and encourage the development and implementation of biological controls, sustainable agriculture, integrated pest management strategies, agroecology, cultural and mechanical practices, and other alternative pest management methods and programs which are ecologically based and environmentally sound. (b) In developing pest management research recommendations, the center is encouraged to give high priority to alternative practices and strategies that address the reduction, control, or eradication of pests, including exotic pests, which represent the greatest threat to public health and safety or the economy of the state. (c) In developing recommended exotic pest research priorities, the center is encouraged to give high priority to all of the following: (1) Development of methods to determine the origin of exotic pests. (2) Determination of the age and origin of exotic pests. (3) Geographic analysis of exotic pests to determine place of origin, including acoustical fingerprinting. (4) Improvements to existing exotic pest insect baits. (5) An examination of the manner in which the sterile insect technique actually works and improvements in sterile insect technology. (6) Assessments of wild exotic pest populations, and their regulating biological agents. (7) Studies of exotic pests and their natural enemies in climates similar to that of the various regions in California. (8) The exploration and introduction of natural enemies, including those from foreign countries, if necessary. (9) Computerization of all records of exotic pest captures. (10) Improvements in detection technology, which include better attractants. (11) Compilation, maintenance, and updated data about exotic pest research and exotic pest management programs operating within and outside the state.


581. To the extent that it is economically and scientifically feasible, it is the intent of the Legislature that the center shall award pest research funds obtained by the center on or after January 1, 1991, based upon a competitive application process and peer review. The center is encouraged to give high priority to exotic pest research proposals. In awarding pest research funds, the center shall give priority to proposals that support pest control methods which use ecologically based and environmentally sound alternatives to pesticides and other chemicals, and eliminate or reduce pesticide use or eliminate or minimize pesticide residues, protect the public health and environment, and satisfy a majority of the following criteria: (a) Are cost-effective. (b) Improve the agricultural industry and the state economy. (c) Do not significantly or extensively duplicate other research.


582. It is the intent of the Legislature that the University of California appoint a director of the center who is knowledgeable about pest management practices and research and alternative pest management techniques.

583. (a) The University of California shall prepare an annual report describing the activities of the center, major objectives and significant accomplishments of pest management research and extension programs at the University of California, and obstacles and opportunities toward developing and implementing pest management alternatives in the state. The report shall also include all of the following: (1) Identification and evaluation of major policy issues and needs in pest management research in California. (2) Identification of the long-range and short-term management research priorities established by the center. (3) Identification of environmentally sound, ecologically based alternatives to pesticides that are possible or probable human carcinogens or reproductive toxicants. (4) A summary and status information on all research proposals submitted through the center. The summary shall include both proposed and approved research projects. (b) The report shall be submitted to the Legislature not later than October 15 of each year.


584. If the center is established by the Regents of the University of California, it is the intent of the Legislature that the administrative costs of establishing the center shall be supported from existing resources of the university.

585. This article shall apply to the University of California only to the extent that the Regents of the University of California, by resolution, make any of these provisions applicable to the university.


Article 9.5. Coexistence Working Groups

Ca Codes (fac:587-588) Food And Agricultural Code Section 587-588



587. The Legislature finds and declares the following: (a) The Legislature supports the agricultural community's efforts to promote choices of farming methods, practices, and crops. (b) The Legislature also recognizes the economic and other value to the State of California in diversified agricultural industries, bolstered by mutually supportive coexistence within and among its sectors; and further appreciates the value and importance of agricultural research for the benefit not only of California's farming community, but also farmers and people around the world.


588. (a) When conflicts arise between sectors of agriculture, the secretary may designate agricultural coexistence working groups to work towards conflict resolution. (b) The members of a coexistence working group shall be appointed by, and serve at the pleasure of, the secretary. Each working group shall be comprised of no more than 10 members of diverse qualifications, who shall serve without compensation and within existing departmental resources, to develop, review, and provide findings and recommendations to the secretary regarding specific issues pertaining to the coexistence of various sectors of agricultural production that present or might present conflicts with one another. Each working group shall be comprised primarily of affected growers or their representatives from a cross section of the interested stakeholders and may also include representatives of related industries, academia, or relevant governmental agencies. (c) In developing its findings and recommendations for the secretary, a working group may do any of the following: (1) Recognize the economic, human, and environmental benefits of coexistence among diversified agricultural industries by developing best management practices designed to foster coexistence between the various segments of food, fiber, and agriculturally derived energy production. (2) Identify a means of maximizing coordination and communication among those involved in sectors of agricultural production that are in real, potential, or perceived conflict with one another, and consider issues relevant to coexistence, including, but not limited to, developing consensus on voluntary production practices and protections. (3) Work in concert with the State Board of Food and Agriculture, and provide a forum for fostering a broad-based dialogue on agricultural production practices related to coexistence, founded on facts and demonstrable applied and practical science. If data is lacking, the working group may also propose research programs to provide information on which to base further recommendations.



Chapter 4. Buildings Of The Department Of Agriculture

Article 1. Definitions And General Provisions

Ca Codes (fac:601-604) Food And Agricultural Code Section 601-604



601. As used in this chapter, "fund" includes any account in a fund which consists of money derived from different sources for different purposes.

602. The department may, with the approval of the Department of General Services, purchase or otherwise acquire real property. It may construct and equip buildings upon such property and make improvements to such property, buildings, and equipment.


603. Any building or improvement which is constructed by the department pursuant to this chapter shall be primarily for the occupancy of commissions, divisions, bureaus, advisory boards, and services which are supported from the funds from which money is expended for the construction of the building or improvement.


604. The building or improvement shall be administered and supervised by the department in accordance with rules and regulations which are established by the department and approved by the Department of General Services. Such rules and regulations shall be comparable to those for the administration and supervision of other state-owned buildings.


Article 2. Department Of Agriculture Building Fund

Ca Codes (fac:621-628) Food And Agricultural Code Section 621-628



621. The Department of Agriculture Building Fund is continued in existence.

622. When there are moneys available in the Department of Agriculture Fund, or in other funds which are subject to the jurisdiction of the director, not required to meet any demand which has accrued or may accrue against such funds, the Controller, upon executive order of the Director of Finance, shall transfer such sum as may be designated by the Director of Agriculture from the funds available in the Department of Agriculture Fund, or in such other funds, to the Department of Agriculture Building Fund.


623. All rentals which are collected pursuant to this chapter shall be deposited in the Department of Agriculture Building Fund.


624. All moneys in the Department of Agriculture Building Fund are appropriated without regard to fiscal years to carry out this chapter, including the costs of operation, maintenance, repairs, and other reasonable and necessary expenses of the buildings or improvements which are constructed or acquired pursuant to this chapter.


625. At least annually and oftener if the amounts collected as rentals should warrant, there shall be returned from the Department of Agriculture Building Fund to the Department of Agriculture Fund and to such other funds from which contributions were made to defray the cost of the buildings, equipment, and facilities which are constructed or acquired pursuant to this chapter, such amounts as are not necessary to meet the financial requirements of the Department of Agriculture Building Fund.


626. No money may be taken from the Department of Agriculture Fund, or other funds under the jurisdiction of the director, for transfer to the Department of Agriculture Building Fund if it will interfere with the administrative purposes for which the money was collected.


627. If any money from the Department of Agriculture Building Fund is used to purchase property or construct buildings and appurtenant facilities for the use of the department, either alone or with any other state agency, or for investment purposes in connection with such purchase or construction, the director may do any and all things which are necessary to protect the investment or use, including the purchase of insurance against the loss of, or damage to, the property, or the loss of its use and occupancy. Any transaction which is entered into by the director pursuant to this section is subject to the approval of the Department of General Services.


628. Upon the completion of any buildings or improvements and the fulfillment of the obligation to reimburse the Department of Agriculture Fund, or other funds pursuant to this chapter, any unused balances in the Department of Agriculture Building Fund shall, on order of the Controller and upon request of the director, be transferred to the General Fund.


Article 3. Leases And Rentals

Ca Codes (fac:651-656) Food And Agricultural Code Section 651-656



651. Any building or improvement which is provided by the department pursuant to this chapter may contain space in excess of the requirements of the department. Until needed, such excess space may be leased or let by the department at such rental and upon such terms and conditions as are approved by the Department of General Services. The rentals charged shall be sufficient to provide a reasonable return to the Department of Agriculture Fund or other fund that is subject to the jurisdiction of the director for any contributions which are made for the cost of the construction of the building or improvement until the entire amount contributed, together with reasonable interest, has been returned.


652. The department, with the approval of the Department of General Services, shall determine the amounts which are returnable to the respective funds. The amounts shall not exceed the amount of the original contributions from the respective funds. Interest may, however, be paid on any contributions in the manner and amount which the department, with the approval of the Director of General Services, determines.


653. During the period of repayment, the department may contract with the Department of General Services to handle the rentals of any space over and above that which is required for the department and to furnish general supervision and maintenance in any building or improvement which is constructed pursuant to this chapter.


654. The director shall allocate space to the commissions, divisions, bureaus, advisory boards, and services which comprise the department or agencies that are subject to its jurisdiction which are supported from funds from which money is expended for the construction of buildings or improvements. He shall charge a rental for such space until such time as the contributions which are made from the Department of Agriculture Fund, or other funds subject to the jurisdiction of the director, have been repaid pursuant to this chapter.

655. The occupancy of any space which is not required by the department for the commissions, divisions, bureaus, advisory boards, and services which are mentioned in Section 654 shall be confined to that of other functions of the department, of other state agencies, of official agencies cooperating with the department under agreement, or of official agricultural agencies of the state or county. Rentals comparable to the rentals which are required by Section 654 shall be charged for such space.


656. When all funds have been reimbursed for contributions which are made for the construction and equipping of any building or facility, the Department of General Services shall assume control of the operation and management of the building, improvement or facility. The Department of Agriculture shall have priority to occupy any space within any such building before the space is leased or let to any other agency at rental rates which are comparable to those charged to other state agencies for comparable facilities in other state-owned buildings.


Chapter 5. Foreign Trade Practices

Ca Codes (fac:701-705) Food And Agricultural Code Section 701-705



701. The Legislature finds and declares all of the following: (a) California farm sales, which are of vital importance to California agriculture and the state's economy, have been adversely affected by increasing foreign imports and a loss of export markets as a result of numerous factors including, in some cases, unfair trade practices of foreign governments and foreign business enterprises. (b) Under the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. Sec. 2101 et seq.), an interested party may file a petition with the United States Trade Representative to negotiate for a remedy when any act, policy, or practice of a foreign government is inconsistent with international trade agreements, or otherwise unreasonable, unjustifiable, or discriminatory and is a burden or is restrictive to United States commerce, or if a foreign government fails to grant United States rights under a trade agreement. (c) Agricultural parties at interest under the act are encountering difficulties in obtaining these remedies. They are encountering a lengthy, costly, political process which requires extensive factfinding to show significant interest and substantial damage.


702. It is the intent of the Legislature to support the multilateral and bilateral free and fair trade negotiation process currently in place, but to provide California agricultural parties at interest with additional support through state involvement and unified statistical data compilation and analysis to contribute to a more effective and persuasive presentation of cases brought by California agricultural interests.


703. The department may, upon the request of a California agricultural interest which is pursuing a case under Section 301 or 302 of the Trade Act of 1974, gather and provide analytical assistance, information, and data in support of the case.


704. The director shall establish a reasonable schedule of fees to cover the amount expended for providing analytical assistance, information, and data requested by the California agricultural interest pursuant to this chapter.

705. All state agencies, including, but not limited to, the Department of Finance and the Employment Development Department shall cooperate with the director in the compilation of pertinent statistical data and shall respond to requests by the director for information in a timely manner.


Chapter 6. State Agricultural Policy

Article 1. General Provisions

Ca Codes (fac:801-803) Food And Agricultural Code Section 801-803



801. This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the Thurman Agricultural Policy Act.


802. The Legislature finds and declares the following: (a) Agriculture is the number one industry in California, which is the leading agricultural state in the country. (b) Although California's cultivated land accounts for approximately 3 percent of the country's entire supply of farmland, the state has historically produced about 10 percent of the farm cash receipts in the United States. (c) California leads the nation in the production of approximately 50 different crops and livestock products. (d) The diversity of the state's agriculture is truly impressive, for over 250 different commodities are grown here. (e) Family owned farms produce most of the food and fiber produced by the California agricultural industry. (f) The economic strength of the California's agricultural industry depends on farmers and ranchers being able to profitably market the commodities and products raised. (g) A profitable and healthy farming industry must be sustained by a sound natural resource base of soils, water, and air which is developed, conserved, and maintained to ensure sufficient quantities and the highest optimum quality possible.


803. The Legislature further finds and declares that, regardless of the findings in Section 802, this state does not presently have a formal agricultural policy. That policy should guide decisionmaking by the Legislature so that the needs of the agricultural industry can be considered for the benefit of the residents of this state, each of whom is directly and indirectly affected by California agriculture.


Article 2. Agricultural Policy

Ca Codes (fac:821-822) Food And Agricultural Code Section 821-822



821. As part of promoting and protecting the agricultural industry of the state and for the protection of public health, safety, and welfare, the Legislature shall provide for a continuing sound and healthy agriculture in California and shall encourage a productive and profitable agriculture. Major principles of the state's agricultural policy shall be all of the following: (a) To increase the sale of crops and livestock products produced by farmers, ranchers, and processors of food and fiber in this state. (b) To enhance the potential for domestic and international marketing of California agricultural products through fostering the creation of value additions to commodities and the development of new consumer products. (c) To sustain the long-term productivity of the state's farms by conserving and protecting the soil, water, and air, which are agriculture's basic resources. (d) To maximize the ability of farmers, ranchers, and processors to learn about and adopt practices that will best enable them to achieve the policies stated in this section.


822. The Legislature shall review actions taken in the implementation and furtherance of the state agricultural policy for their impact on the following factors: (a) Productive agricultural land. (b) Agricultural water supplies. (c) Agricultural energy resources, including, but not limited to, energy rates and rate structures. (d) Pest control, exclusion, detection, and eradication activities. (e) Agricultural labor. (f) Agricultural production tools, including, but not limited to, fertilizers and implements of husbandry. (g) Marketing agricultural products in the domestic and foreign markets. (h) Agricultural research, education, and agricultural extension programs. (i) Agricultural transportation and distribution systems. (j) Agricultural financing. (k) Family owned farms. (l) Activities of county agricultural commissioners. (m) Agricultural exhibits at state-supported fairs. (n) Recycling agricultural byproducts. (o) Applied new technologies including, but not limited to, new food product and value-added product development.


Chapter 8. Agriculture Theft Prevention

Article 1. General Provisions

Ca Codes (fac:851) Food And Agricultural Code Section 851



851. It is the intent of this chapter to establish a means of identifying the owner of any fruits, nuts, or vegetables which are the food product of any tree, vine, or plant so as to provide an additional control over thefts of these commodities within the state.


Article 2. Proof Of Ownership

Ca Codes (fac:861-866) Food And Agricultural Code Section 861-866



861. For lots of over 25 pounds of any fruits, nuts, or vegetables that are the food product of any tree, vine, or plant, or for lots of over 200 pounds of any burl wood from a walnut tree, living or dead, and that are marketed for commercial purposes, all of the following apply: (a) Every person who sells the commodity for resale, processing, or further distribution through any commercial or nonprofit enterprise shall provide the buyer or transporter with a record of proof of ownership for each lot of the commodity. (b) Every person who buys the commodity for resale, processing, or further distribution through any commercial or nonprofit enterprise shall obtain from the previous buyer or from the transporter a record of proof of ownership for each lot of the commodity. (c) Every person who transports for commercial purposes shall possess a record showing proof of ownership for each lot of the commodity during transportation.

862. Upon probable cause to believe any fruits, nuts, vegetables, or walnut burl regulated pursuant to this chapter is in unlawful possession, proof of ownership shall be made available for inspection upon request of the secretary, the commissioner, or by any peace officer. If the secretary or the commissioner has probable cause to believe that any fruits, nuts, vegetables, or walnut burl regulated pursuant to this chapter is in unlawful possession, he or she may request a peace officer to stop the vehicle pursuant to Section 881 for inspection. The record shall contain the following information: (a) Name, address, telephone number, and signatures of the seller or the seller's authorized representative. (b) Name, address, and telephone number of the buyer or consignee if not sold. (c) Common or generic name and quantity of the commodity involved. (d) Date of transaction and date of commencement of transportation.

863. A bill of lading, bill of sale, certified farmers certificate, data obtainable by electronic transmission which is accessible to a common carrier, or a similar type document shall be considered proof of ownership for purposes of this chapter.


864. It is unlawful for any person to knowingly falsify or cause to be falsified any information in a record intended to show proof of ownership.

865. A copy of the record shall be retained by the buyer and seller for a period of 60 days after delivery.


866. This chapter establishes minimal requirements for the transportation and identification of agricultural commodities. A county may, by ordinance, impose additional requirements regarding this transportation and identification.


Article 3. Exceptions

Ca Codes (fac:871) Food And Agricultural Code Section 871



871. This chapter does not apply to the following agricultural commodities: (a) Commodities transported from the farm or ranch where they are produced to a commercial packing plant within this state for processing or packing. (b) Commodities transported and accompanied by a valid permit, disposal order, or certificate issued by the director or the commissioner for any reason other than to comply with this chapter.


Article 4. Enforcement

Ca Codes (fac:881-885) Food And Agricultural Code Section 881-885



881. Any peace officer, upon probable cause to believe an agricultural commodity regulated pursuant to this chapter is being unlawfully transported, may stop the vehicle and request proof of ownership of the commodity.

882. Upon reasonable belief that a person is in unlawful possession of a commodity regulated by this chapter, the commodity may be held or seized by the secretary, the commissioner, or any peace officer and shall be turned over to the custody of the commissioner. The commissioner may hold the commodity on the premises where it was seized or may take possession of the commodity and maintain custody until disposed of according to the requirements of Section 884.


883. The director, the commissioner, or a peace officer may investigate to ascertain the ownership of any commodity that has been held pursuant to this chapter. If the lawful owner is located, the commodity shall be released to the owner, or his or her agent. The commissioner may require reasonable payment to cover costs incurred in the storing of the commodity, but not to exceed the value of the commodity being held.


884. (a) If for any reason the commodity is not released to the rightful owner after being in the custody of the commissioner for 48 hours or, in the case of a highly perishable commodity, any shorter period of time that the commissioner deems necessary, the commissioner may either sell the commodity by public auction or by private sale at fair market value to a commercial packer of the commodity, or, after 72 hours from the time of seizure, may donate the commodity to a nonprofit charitable organization. If donated, the commodity shall not be sold by the receiving party. If sold, all of the proceeds derived from the sale of the commodity shall be held by the commissioner for a period of not less than six months, during which time the lawful owner of the commodity may submit satisfactory proof of ownership and obtain possession of the proceeds. The commissioner may require the payment by the owner of an amount sufficient to cover the costs incurred for a storage and sale of the commodity, but not to exceed the sale price of the commodity. If, after retention of the proceeds for a period of at least six months, no demand is made or if proof of ownership is not supplied, the commissioner shall deposit the proceeds of the sale of the commodity in the general fund of the county. (b) If the commodity is unfit for human consumption, the commissioner may destroy it.


885. In lieu of civil prosecution, the secretary or the commissioner may levy a civil penalty against any person violating the provisions of this chapter or any regulation adopted pursuant to its provisions. The civil penalty for each violation shall be, for a first violation, a fine of not more than five hundred dollars ($500). For a second or subsequent violation, the fine shall be not less than one hundred dollars ($100), nor more than one thousand dollars ($1,000). Before a civil penalty is levied, the person charged with the violation shall receive notice of the nature of the violation and shall be given an opportunity to be heard. This shall include the right to review the evidence and a right to present evidence on his or her own behalf. Subdivision (e) of Section 43003 shall apply to any fine levied pursuant to this section.


Part 2. The State Board Of Food And Agriculture

Chapter 1. Organization

Ca Codes (fac:901-906) Food And Agricultural Code Section 901-906



901. There is in the state government the State Board of Food and Agriculture which consists of 15 members.


901.5. It is hereby declared, as a matter of legislative determination, that representatives of the agricultural industry appointed to the State Board of Food and Agriculture pursuant to this chapter are intended to represent and further the interest of a particular industry concerned, and that such representation and furtherance is intended to serve the public interest. Accordingly, the Legislature finds that, with respect to persons who are appointed to such board, the particular industry concerned is tantamount to, and constitutes, the public generally within the meaning of Section 87103 of the Government Code.

902. The members of the board shall be appointed by the Governor as follows: (a) One from the Agricultural Sciences Division of the University of California. (b) One from the agricultural department of one of the state universities and colleges offering agriculture as a part of the curriculum. (c) Two members shall be appointed from the state at large who represent the agricultural industry. (d) Seven members, not more than one of whom shall be appointed from any one congressional district or from any one county, who represent the agricultural industry. (e) Two members of the public who have no direct financial interest in the production or handling of agricultural products, but who have an interest in, and knowledge of, the environment. (f) Two members of the public who have no direct financial interest in the production or handling of agricultural products, but who have an interest in, and knowledge of, consumer affairs.


903. The term of office of the members of the board is four years. The terms expire on January 15 of each year in the rotation which is presently established. Vacancies shall be filled by appointment for the unexpired term. On February 1 of each year the Governor shall designate one of the members of the board to serve as president. The term of office of the members appointed pursuant to subdivision (f) of Section 902 shall commence on January 15, 1976.


904. The members shall be residents and citizens of the state and shall be specially qualified for this service through actual farm business, economic agricultural training, environmental protection, or consumer affairs. Each member of the board representing the agricultural industry shall have a major interest in a separate branch of the agricultural industry.


905. The members shall serve without pay, but shall be allowed necessary traveling and incidental expenses which are incurred in the discharge of their duties. The expenses shall be paid from the appropriation for the support of the department.


906. (a) Public officers associated with any area of government, including agriculture, and whether elected or appointed, may be appointed to, and may serve contemporaneously as members of, the board. (b) No member of the board appointed pursuant to subdivision (c) or (d) of Section 902 shall participate in any board action that involves himself or herself or any agricultural entity with which he or she is connected as a director, officer, or employee, or in which he or she has a financial interest in the decision within the meaning of Section 87103 of the Government Code.


Chapter 2. Powers And Duties

Ca Codes (fac:951-954) Food And Agricultural Code Section 951-954



951. The board shall inquire into the needs of the agricultural industry of this state and the functions of the department in relation to such needs, and confer and advise with the Governor and the director as to how the agricultural industry and the consumer of agricultural products may best be served by the department.


951.5. The board shall make recommendations to the secretary regarding the project agreements to be funded pursuant to Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 58551) of Part 1 of Division 21.


952. The board, and any member of it who is authorized by resolution of the board, may make investigations, conduct hearings, and prosecute actions concerning all matters and subjects which are under the jurisdiction of the department. For such purposes, the board and its authorized members shall have all of the powers and authority which are conferred upon a head of a state department by Article 2 (commencing with Section 11180), Chapter 2, Part 1, Division 3, Title 2 of the Government Code.


953. The board shall hold meetings at least once a month in the office of the director at Sacramento or at any other location determined by the president of the board to be appropriate.


954. Special or adjourned meetings may be held at the office of the director in Sacramento, or at any other place in the state which the president may deem necessary. Special meetings of the board shall also be called by the president at any time upon the written request of four members of the board.


Part 4. California Agriculture Day

Ca Codes (fac:1500-1501) Food And Agricultural Code Section 1500-1501



1500. The first day of spring in each year is hereby designated as California Agriculture Day.


1501. Notwithstanding the Education Code, including, but not limited to, provisions relating to curriculum requirements, on the first day of spring or on another day determined by public schools throughout the state, these schools are encouraged to provide education that instructs students on the history and importance of agriculture in California. This instruction may include education on agricultural history, nutrition, economics, or the planting of a school garden ; or the use of any educational device that commemorates agriculture's importance in California.


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